# Electrostatics and Electric Potential - Outline

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1 Electrostatics and Electric Potential - Outline 1. Understand the basic properties of electric charge, including conservation of charge and that charges are quantized. 2. Differentiate between conductors and insulators. 3. Distinguish between charging by contact, charging by induction, and charging by polarization. 4. Calculate electric force using Coulomb s law. 5. Compare electric force with gravitational force. 6. Apply the superposition principle to find the resultant force on a charge and to find the position at which the net force on a charge is zero 7. Calculate electric field strength. 8. Draw and interpret electric field lines. 9. Identify the four properties associated with a conductor in electrostatic equilibrium 10. Distinguish between electrical potential energy, electric potential, and potential difference. 11. Solve problems involving electrical energy and potential difference. 12. Describe the energy conversions that occur in a battery. 13. Relate capacitance to the storage of electrical potential energy in the form of separated charges. 14. Calculate the capacitance of various devices. 15. Calculate the energy stored in a capacitor. Notes Properties of Electric Charge Like and Unlike charges: Conservation of Charge: Electric charge is Quantized: Transfer of Electric Charge Electrical Conductors: Electrical Insulators: Conduction:

2 Induction: Polarization: Coulomb s Law Example: Compare and Contrast Electrical Force and Gravitational Force Compare: Contrast: Electric Field Electric Field Strength of a Point Charge:

3 Electric Field Lines Rules Conductors in Electrostatic Equilibrium Rules: Electrical Potential Energy Electric Potential Potential Difference Potential Difference in a Uniform Electric Field Potential Difference between a Point at Infinity and a Point near a Point Charge:

4 Capacitance Charging and Discharging: Common Devices that use Capacitors Capacitance for a Parallel-Plate Capacitor in a Vacuum: Electrical Potential Energy Stored in a Capacitor Sample/Practice Problems 1. Electrostatics and transfer of charge

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6 B. Coulomb s Law 1. If a neutral Lucite rod is rubbed with wool and acquires a charge of -4.0 x 10-6 C, what is the charge on the wool? 2. If a point charge of C is brought to 0.5 m away from a second point charge of 0.07 C, what is the repulsive force acting on the first point charge? What is the repulsive force acting on the second charge? 3. If a neutral object loses 1000 electrons, it will have a net charge of : (in terms of elementary charges) 4. If a neutral object loses 1000 electrons, it will have a net charge of : (in terms coulombs) 5. Two objects have equal but opposite charges on them and there is a force of attraction of 1 N when separated by a distance of m. What is the charge on each of the objects? 6. The force between an electron and a proton is 0.01 N, what is the distance between the these two point charges

7 7. 8. C. Electric Fields A test charge of -1.2 x 10-6 C experiences a force of 2 N. What is the intensity of the field at the location of the test charge?

8 D. Electric Potential

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10 Homework Problems: I. Coulomb s Law 1. If a neutral Lucite rod is rubbed with wool and acquires a charge of +6.0 x 10-6 C, what is the charge on the wool? 2. If a point charge of 2 µc is brought to 0.5 m away from a second point charge of 7 µc, what is the repulsive force acting on the first point charge? What is the repulsive force acting on the second charge? (Remember that µc = 1 x 10-6 C) 3. If a neutral object loses a million electrons, it will have a net charge of : (in terms of elementary charges) 4. If a neutral object loses million electrons, it will have a net charge of : (in terms coulombs) 5. Two objects have equal but opposite charges on them and there is a force of attraction of 15 N when separated by a distance of 0.05 m. What is the charge on each of the objects? 6. The force between an electron and a proton is 6 x N, what is the distance between the these two point charges Three charges (in nanocoulombs (10-9 C)) are arranged as shown in the diagram below. Find the net force on object B. B C A m m

11 II. Electric Fields 1. A test charge of +2.0 x C experiences a force of N. What is the intensity of the field at the location of the test charge? 4. An electric field is determined to have an intensity of 100 N/C at a distance of 0.25 m from the charged object. What is the charge on the object? 5.

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