ITL Public School Annual Examination ( ) Physics(042) (Set A)


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1 ITL Public School Annual Examination (04) Physics(04) (Set A) ANSWER KEY Date:.0. Time: hrs Section  A A cubical block rests on an inclined plane of coefficient of friction /. Determine the angle of inclination when the block just slides down the inclined plane. Ans 00 What condition is to be satisfied for a mass tied to a string to perform a vertical circle? Ans What is analogous to Newton s second law of motion in rotational motion? Ans Write equation of S.H.M. having following characteristics: Amplitude = 0.0 m, frequency = 0 Hz, initial phase = Ans) Why should the difference between the frequencies be less than 0 Hz to produce beats? Ans to hear distinct beats time interval between two successive beats must be greater than second. Section B A liquid drop of diameter of 4 mm breaks into 000 droplets of equal size. Calculate the resultant change in energy (the surface tension of liquid is 0.07 N/m). Ansvolume of bigger drop = volume of 000 small drops r= 04 m 8 change in surface energy = 68 0 J ½ The moment of inertia of two rolling bodies A and B are IA and IB (IA > IB) and their angular momenta are equal. Which one has greater kinetic energy? Explain. Ans KE of A = KE of B = KE of B > KE of A 8 9 Class: XI M. M: 70 Find the dimensions of a b in the relation ; Where is power, is distance and is time. Ans [B] = [L] [a] = [MLT] To a driver going in a car with a velocity of 40 Km/h, a bus appears to move towards north with a velocity of km/h. What is the actual velocity and direction of motion of the bus? Ans VB= 80 Km/hr. tan β = 0 State and prove work energy theorem for a variable force. Ans Statement Proof Distinguish between conservative and nonconservative forces with one example each. Ans conservative work done is independent of path. eggravitational force ½ + ½ non conservative forcework done path dependent egfrictional ½ + ½ Section C (i) State parallelaxes and perpendicular axes theorem. Ans Statement + (ii) What is the moment of inertia about an axis passing through the edge as a tangent in the plane of a disc of mass M and radius r? Ans I=Icom+ Mr = Phy XI of 4
2 The string of a pendulum is.0 m long. The body is pulled sideways so that the string becomes horizontal and bob is released. What is the speed with which the bob is released? What is the speed which the bob arrives at the lowest point? Assume that 0% of the initial energy is used against air resistance. Ans bob released with zero velocity ½ mv v= = 6 m/s ½ On the basis of kinetic theory, derive an expression for pressure exerted by an ideal gas. Ans Derivation 4 A liquid is in a streamline flow through a pipe of nonuniform crosssection. Prove that the sum of its kinetic energy, pressure energy and potential energy per unit volume remains constant. Ans Derivation Three bodies A, B and C each of mass m are hanging on a string over a fixed pulley, as shown in fig. What are the tensions in the strings connecting bodies A to B and B to C? Ans T mg =ma ½ mg T =ma ½ mgt = ma ½ a= ½ T = T = ½ ½ 6 Derive an expression for variation of acceleration due to gravity with depth below the earth s surface. A Simple pendulum has a time period T when on the earth s surface, and T when taken to a depth R/4 below the earth s surface, where R is the radius of earth. What is the valve of T /T? Ans Derivation 7 Write Newton s formula for the speed of sound in air. What was wrong with this formula? What correction was made by Laplace in this formula? Ans v = ~ 80 m/s Laplace said sound propagation adiabatic process v= i. What is geometrical meaning of S.H.M.? Ans a uniform circular motion projected along any diameter represents a SHM. ii. If y = cos ωt and y = [ cos ωt + sin ωt], find the ratio of the amplitudes of two waves. Ans = 8 What is capillarity? Derive an expression for the height to which the liquid rise in the capillary tube of radius r. Explain What happens when the length of a capillary tube is less than the height upto which the liquid may rise in it. Ans Definition ½ Derivation ½ In a capillary tube of insufficient height, the liquid rises to the top and spreads out to a new radius of curvature but the liquid will not overflow 9 i. Derive an expression for the orbital velocity of a satellite. Phy XI of 4
3 AnsDerivation ii. A satellite revolves close to the surface of a planet. How is its orbital velocity related with velocity of escape from that planet? Ans v e = V 0 0 What is a progressive wave? Derive an equation for a plane progressive harmonic wave. Ans Definition Derivation State the law of equipartition of energy of a dynamic system and use it to find the values of internal energy and the ratio of the specific heats of a (i) monatomic (ii) diatomic and (iii) triatomic gas molecules. Ans Statement (i) U = γ =/ ½ (ii) U= γ = 7/ ½ (iii) Linear  U= = 9/7 ½ non linear U = RT γ = 4/ ½ A wooden ball of density ρ is immersed in water of density σ to depth h and then released. Find the height H above the surface of water upto which the ball jumps out of water. Ans a= ) velocity of ball on reaching surface v = as = H= ( ) Meenu was afraid of going anywhere by air. Once, she couldn t avoid going by an aeroplane. Her friend Kavita, who knew her problem, was with her. Inside the plane, Kavita saw that Meenu was very quiet and feeling uncomfortable. She tried to talk to Meenu but she didn t answer. As the plane was about to take off, Kavita started fighting with Meenu without any cause for diverting her mind. While flighting, Meenu didn t realize that plane had taken off and now she was in air. She felt very happy to overcome her fear. i. What values do you associate with Kavita? ii. An aeroplane takes off at an angle of 0 0 to the horizontal. If the component of its velocity along the horizontal is 0 km/h. What is its actual velocity? Find also the vertical component of velocity. iii. The blades of an aeroplane propeller are rotating at the rate of 600 revolutions per minute. Calculate its angular velocity. Ans (i) Kavita is very understanding and helpful. (ii) 44. km/h (iii) 0 π rad./s 4 (a) What is projectile? Derive the expression for the trajectory, maximum height, time of flight, and horizontal range for a projectile thrown upward, making an angle θ with the horizontal direction. (b) What will be the effect on maximum height of a projectile when its angle of projection is changed from 0 0 to 60 0, keeping the same initial velocity of projection? Ans (a) Definition ½ trajectory Max height ½ time of flight ½ horizontal range ½ (b) (a) What is centripetal acceleration? Find its magnitude and direction in case of uniform circular motion. (b) Derive a relation for the optimum velocity of negotiating a curve by a body in a ) Phy XI of 4 4
4 banked curve. Ans (a) Definition ½ Derivation ½ (b) Derivation (a)what is the principle of a heat pump? Explain the working of a heat pump with a block diagram and obtain an expression for its coefficient of performance. (b) Assuming that a domestic refrigerator can be regarded as a reversible engine working between the temperature of melting ice and that of atmosphere (7 o C), calculate the energy which must be supplied to freeze one kilogram of water already at 0 o C.( latent heat of fusion of ice =. 0 Jkg  ) Ans (a) Principle construction & working coefficient of performance (b) W= J A monatomic ideal gas of two moles is taken through a cyclic process starting from A as shown in fig. The volume ratios are and. If the temperature T A at A is 7 0 C, calculate, (a) the temperature of the gas at a points B, (b) heat absorbed or released by the gas in each process (c) the total work done by the gas during the complete cycle. mention your answer in terms of the gas constant R. Ans (a) 600 K (b)00 R, 8.6 R, 900 R, R (c) W=600 R ++ 6 (I) What is Doppler s effect of sound? Obtain an expression for apparent frequency of sound when source and listener are approaching each other in a moving medium. (II) A train, standing at the outer signal of a railway station blows a whistle of frequency 400 Hz in still air. (i) What is the frequency of the whistle for a platform observer when the train (a) approaches the platform with a speed of 0 m s, (b) recedes from the platform with a speed of 0 m s? (ii) What is the speed of sound in each case? The speed of sound in still air can be taken as 40 m s Ans (I) Doppler effect Derivation (II) (i)(a)4.hz (b) 88.Hz ½ (II) 40m/s ½ (I) Prove analytically that in the case of a closed organ pipe of length L, the frequencies of the vibrating air column are given by (II) The transverse displacement of a string (clamped at its both ends) is given by ) ) ) ) Where x and y are in m and t in s. The length of the string is. m and its mass is 0 kg. Answer the following : (a) Does the function represent a travelling wave or a stationary wave? (b) Interpret the wave as a superposition of two waves travelling in opposite directions. What is the wavelength, frequency, and speed of each wave? (c) Determine the tension in the string. Ans (I) Derivation () (II) (a) Stationary wave (b) m,80m/s,60hz ½ (c) 648N ½ Phy XI 4 of 4
5 Phy XI of 4
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