Astronomy 101 Lab: Stellarium Tutorial

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Astronomy 101 Lab: Stellarium Tutorial"

Transcription

1 Name: Astronomy 101 Lab: Stellarium Tutorial Please install the Stellarium software on your computer using the instructions in the procedure. If you own a laptop, please bring it to class. You will submit your answers on Cobra using the answer sheet provided on the website. Please use the answer sheets at either URL below. The shortcuts you learn to use in this lab are on the inside cover of your lab packet and at this URL. Pre-Lab Assignment: Please read the Lab Procedures on page 4 of the lab packet. Answer the pre-lab questions before coming to the lab room every week. Occasionally, the questions will require you to check your class notes or to look up information in the textbook. You will not be able to complete the lab without answering these questions. A) Have you had any astronomy courses in the past? If so, please provide some details. B) What do you expect to learn in this class? C) This is a course on the Solar System. Which topic in class are you most eager to learn about? Introduction: In this activity, you will become familiar with the basic workings of the Stellarium program and you will be introduced to many of the procedures you will be asked to follow for other assignments in the class. Be sure to answer all the questions in the tutorial. The Stellarium software is accessible in one of the public computer labs at Parkland, including the library. If you are using one of these computers, skip the installation instructions. Installing the program: To run the program at home, you will need to install the program to your hard drive. Please access the website stellarium.org to obtain the free software for your operating system. Stellarium also has a user guide available. When you click the version to install, the download should begin automatically after the next page loads. Windows users: Newer computers have 64-bit processors, but you can check using these instructions. Mac users: If your computer isn t letting you install third-party software, please consult these instructions.

2 When you start the program, it will take up the whole screen. To take the software out of full-screen mode, click the button highlighted in the box in the image below or click F11. (You may have to hold the Function or "Fn" key.) Once the main window pops up, you should get acquainted with the layout of the main interface. At the bottom is the status bar. On the far left, your location and altitude above sea level will be listed; the default setting is "Earth, Paris, 38m", but Stellarium can the location based on your network location. Next, it tells you the "FOV," i.e. your field of view from top to bottom. The default is 60. This is the optimal view for simulating the sky, and you can use the shortcut "\" to change the field of view back to 60. The following item displays the refresh rate for the animation in frames per second, or FPS. This will vary depending on the active memory being used by your computer. Finally, the date and time are displayed in the format "YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS" in 24-hour time. For example, 2018 January 9 at 2:00 PM would be :00:00. Daylight Saving Time is automatically run based on your location. Since this software is displaying what your local time would be, it is very important that you calibrate this. For the purposes of this assignment, make sure your computer's time zone is set to Central Time (UTC - 05:00 during DST, UTC -06:00 in the winter months). There are videos on Cobra with instructions for changing your computer's time zone. 1. Is the time zone setting on your computer now Central Time? There are dock menus which pop out from the left side and the bottom. The left menu controls the broader settings, while the bottom menu controls your viewing settings. Place your mouse cursor over each of the buttons to get a description of what each button does. A keyboard shortcut will also be listed in brackets. Change your location from the default location. Access the Location window using either the shortcut key "F6" (you may have to hold the Function or "Fn" key at the same time) or by clicking the top button on the left menu shaped like a compass. The search bar in the window is to the right of the magnifying glass symbol as seen on the right, where you may type in the name of any town currently listed. Please find "Champaign, United States" in the list of cities and click on the name in the list. Make sure the coordinates match what you see in the image to the right. When you change the location to Champaign, the red arrow on the map should move to that location. Close the Location window by clicking the " " in the upper right-hand corner.

3 You can change your view of the sky by dragging it with your mouse. Click and hold the mouse button on any point, which will allow you to change your view. You may also use the arrows on your keyboard to alter your viewable sky. Move the sky to face the cardinal direction south so you see an "S" on the horizon. When you select an object in Stellarium, the information for the object appears in the upper left corner of the screen, but the default setting displays more information than we need. Open the Configuration window using either the shortcut key "F2" or by clicking the fifth button on the left menu shaped like a wrench. Select the Information tab. Uncheck the boxes for the "Displayed fields" as shown in the image to the right. Select the Main tab, then click "Save settings," and close the Configuration window. The date and time can be adjusted by accessing the Date and Time window using either the shortcut key "F5" or by clicking the second button on the left menu shaped like a clock. You may change any entry by using the up and down arrow keys. If an entry is highlighted, you may also type in a new value. Practice changing the date and time to get comfortable using this feature. Change the date and time to at 12:00:00 (noon). Use "\" to keep the field of view at Is the Sun close to due south, i.e. directly above the S in the sky? If it isn't, you didn't change one of the settings in the instructions. When you are in the main window in Stellarium, typing the number "8" is a useful keyboard shortcut for setting the time. Set the date to at midnight (0:00:00), then type "8" in the main window. 3. How does typing "8" change the date and time? Set the time to 21:00 (9:00 PM) before you move on to the next step. When viewing the sky, you will notice the ground and the sky, as well as the letter "S" at the horizon representing south. Keep an eye on the stars as the time changes. When using Stellarium, the sky normally moves in real time, but you can control this rate of motion. You have four buttons on the right side of the bottom menu which control the rate of motion: Reverse, Play, Now, and Forward. Clicking the Reverse or Forward buttons multiple times allows you to speed up the time flow in either direction, and they can also slow down the time flow when they oppose the motion. The Play button resets the time flow to real time and acts as a Pause button when the sky is changing in real time. Finally, the Now button changes the time flow to real time and changes the date and time to the present. The Reverse, Play/Pause, and Forward buttons all have easy keyboard shortcuts as well: "J", "K", and "L" respectively.

4 4. From the real-time or Play setting, increase the Forward rate three times. Watch the southern sky for about 30 seconds and describe what you see. Which direction are the stars moving? Instead of altering the rate of time flow, you can move in discrete time steps. Pause the time flow and reset the time to 21:00 (9 PM). Pay attention to the time and date as you click the "-" and "=" keys. You can also change the time at different rates by holding down the "Ctrl" key at the same time. Mac users: For the keyboard shortcuts listed below, use Command ( ) instead of Control ("Ctrl"). 5. Record how the date and time changes when using each of the following keyboard shortcuts: a) - b) = c) [ d) ] e) Ctrl - f) Ctrl = While looking at the sky as you would see it from Parkland, you can select any of the points of light in your field of view to see some information about the object. While viewing the sky at night, choose a bright, unlabeled point of light in the sky and click the mouse button to select it. 6. Write down the name of the object (only the first part listed), its magnitude (only the first number listed), and its distance from Earth rounded to one decimal place. Don't forget the distance units. Something that you will have noticed is that it is often hard to keep track of the stars because the Sun comes up. Fortunately, Stellarium allows you to remove the effects of daylight hitting the atmosphere. On the bottom menu, one of the highlighted icons looks like a cloud obscuring light. Clicking this button or typing the shortcut, "A", removes the atmosphere and allows you to see the stars hidden by scattered sunlight. Celestial coordinates allow us to communicate the location of objects in the sky. We will use two of these today. Azimuth (Az) is a coordinate which measures the cardinal direction in the sky. North lies at an azimuth of 0, and the numbers increase clockwise, going toward 90 in the east, 180 in the south, 270 in the west, and approaching 360 at it returns to north. Altitude (Alt) measures the angle relative to the horizon. The horizon has an altitude of 0 and the zenith, the point directly overhead, is 90 from the horizon. Objects below the horizon have negative altitudes. When the atmosphere is activated, the Az/Alt will be the (apparent) values, which show how their positions are bent by the atmosphere. Rounding and degrees: These coordinates are measured in degrees ( ), arcminutes ('), and arcseconds ("). For example, you may see an altitude of 19 35'12". Round them to the nearest degree by checking the arcminute value. If it is 30' or more, round up. In our example, it rounds up to 20. Turn your gaze to the north, i.e. drag the screen until the cardinal direction "N" is at the center of the horizon. Reset the time to 21:00 again. 7. Find the brightest star at 40 altitude above the "N". Write down the star's name. Drag the screen so this star is at the center. From the real-time or Play setting, increase the Forward rate four times.

5 8. Describe how the star in question 7 moves. Describe how the other stars move. Once you are done, return to real time by pressing the Play button or the shortcut "K". Change your view direction so you are facing to the south and the letter "S" on the horizon is near the bottom of the screen. Use "\" to keep the field of view at 60. Change the date and time to the following: :00:00 (2018 May 24 at 10 PM) This will be the time used for the rest of the lab. Make sure the time is paused. You should see a field of stars, the Moon almost directly south, and at least one labeled planet. If you'd like, you may remove the labels for the planets, the Sun, and the Moon by clicking the planet-shaped icon on the bottom menu or by typing the shortcut, "alt-p". 9. Identify the planet (check the type when you select it) in the field of view closest to the Moon. Is the planet higher or lower than the Moon in the sky? Is the planet to the left or the right of the Moon in the sky? Of course, the planet doesn't look very exciting right now. Stellarium allows you to correct this by getting closer views of objects in the sky. After selecting the planet with the mouse, you may zoom in close to the planet by using the shortcut "/". To zoom out, you may use the shortcut "\". You may also use the Page Up and Page Down keys (Fn+Up on a Mac). 10. After magnifying the planet, list the size of the field of view (FOV) and describe the planet as you see it. 11. You should also see several of the planet's moons. If not, press "\" once. Name these moons and describe their layout relative to the planet. Please return the field of view to 60 and facing due south using your preferred method. Now we can look at ways in which you can navigate around the night sky. 12. While the planet is selected, record its azimuth and altitude rounded to the nearest degree. 13. Now select the Moon and record its azimuth and altitude rounded to the nearest degree. 14. a) Does the higher object have a higher or a lower altitude? b) Does the object farther to the left have a higher or a lower azimuth? In reality, astronomers only use coordinates if they are making detailed observations of objects located very far away. Amateur astronomers find their way around the sky by using familiar points of reference, such as bright stars. To make navigation easier, the sky was broken up into a set of 88 regions called constellations. You can display the constellations by clicking the buttons on the left side of the bottom menu. The far left button connects the brightest stars of the constellation, which can be activated with the shortcut "C". The second button, or the shortcut "V", displays the names of each constellation in the sky. Unfortunately, the lines and labels don't show you where each constellation begins and ends. The shortcut "B" will display the boundaries between each constellation.

6 15. Display the boundaries using the shortcut given. Describe what has happened to the view on the screen. What constellation is the planet from question 9 located in? If you've ever wanted to help learn where the constellations are in the sky, Stellarium can be very useful. The constellation lines may help you recognize the patterns of the brighter stars in the sky, which astronomers call asterisms. By selecting the third button on the bottom menu or the shortcut "R", you can also see illustrations of each asterism that gives a constellation its name. As a last task, let's find some objects in the sky. The easiest way to do this is to open the search window by clicking on the magnifying glass-shaped icon on the left side of the screen or you may also type "F3". As you type the name of an object like the Moon, several objects will be listed below the search bar. If the object is below the horizon, you may remove the ground by typing the shortcut "G" or finding the button shaped like a couple trees on the bottom menu. 16. Record the constellation which the following objects are in on the same date and time you've used since question 9. a) Mercury b) the Sun c) the Moon d) Vesta For fun and a point of extra credit, let's play with one of the more fun features of Stellarium's location options. The Location window allows you to travel to other parts of the Solar System. Change the "Planet" in the Location window to Mars, then use the Search window to find Earth. Earth will be below the horizon at the time you've worked with, so go forward 13 hours, to :00:00. Extra Credit: What constellation is Earth in at that time when viewed from Mars? Without zooming in, briefly describe its appearance in the skies of Mars in comparison to the stars and planets.

Assignment #0 Using Stellarium

Assignment #0 Using Stellarium Name: Class: Date: Assignment #0 Using Stellarium The purpose of this exercise is to familiarize yourself with the Stellarium program and its many capabilities and features. Stellarium is a visually beautiful

More information

Astro 101 Lab #2. Start up the Stellarium program. If you do not remember how to use the user interface, please refer to Lab#1 or the user s guide.

Astro 101 Lab #2. Start up the Stellarium program. If you do not remember how to use the user interface, please refer to Lab#1 or the user s guide. Name: Astro 101 Lab #2 Lab objectives 1) Learn about how the Sun s path, through the sky, changes with the changing seasons. 2) Learn about how the Sun s path changes while viewing it at different locations

More information

Introduction to Astronomy Laboratory Exercise #1. Intro to the Sky

Introduction to Astronomy Laboratory Exercise #1. Intro to the Sky Introduction to Astronomy Laboratory Exercise #1 Partners Intro to the Sky Date Section Purpose: To develop familiarity with the daytime and nighttime sky through the use of Stellarium. Equipment: Computer

More information

Astro 101 Lab #1. To advance time forward and backward, click on the arrow toolbar. From left to right, the buttons will

Astro 101 Lab #1. To advance time forward and backward, click on the arrow toolbar. From left to right, the buttons will Name: Astro 101 Lab #1 Lab objectives 1) Learn how to use the Stellarium planetarium program, by becoming familiar with the user interface and configuring the planetarium to your present location on Earth.

More information

COMPUTER ACTIVITY 3: THE SEASONS: LENGTH OF THE DAY

COMPUTER ACTIVITY 3: THE SEASONS: LENGTH OF THE DAY NAME ASTRONOMY 20 SECTION DAY/ S. V. LLOYD COMPUTER ACTIVITY 3: THE SEASONS: LENGTH OF THE DAY Overview Software Configuration The seasonal variation in temperature is due to two changes in the Sun's path

More information

Astronomy 102 Lab: Stellar Parallax and Proper Motion

Astronomy 102 Lab: Stellar Parallax and Proper Motion Name: Astronomy 102 Lab: Stellar Parallax and Proper Motion If you own a laptop, please bring it to class. You will use Stellarium again. The Stellarium shortcuts you used in the first lab are on the inside

More information

Stellarium Walk-through for First Time Users

Stellarium Walk-through for First Time Users Stellarium Walk-through for First Time Users Stellarium is the computer program often demonstrated during our planetarium shows at The MOST, Syracuse s science museum. It is our hope that visitors to our

More information

The Mass of Jupiter Student Guide

The Mass of Jupiter Student Guide The Mass of Jupiter Student Guide Introduction: In this lab, you will use astronomical observations of Jupiter and its satellites to measure the mass of Jupiter. We will use the program Stellarium to simulate

More information

Students will explore Stellarium, an open-source planetarium and astronomical visualization software.

Students will explore Stellarium, an open-source planetarium and astronomical visualization software. page 22 STELLARIUM* OBJECTIVE: Students will explore, an open-source planetarium and astronomical visualization software. BACKGROUND & ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This lab was generously provided by the Red Rocks

More information

Physics Lab #5: Starry Night Observations of the Sun and Moon

Physics Lab #5: Starry Night Observations of the Sun and Moon Physics 10293 Lab #5: Starry Night Observations of the Sun and Moon Introduction Today, we are going to use the Starry Night software to learn about motion of the stars, sun and moon on the celestial sphere.

More information

Physics Lab #3:! Starry Night! Observations of the Sun and Moon!

Physics Lab #3:! Starry Night! Observations of the Sun and Moon! Physics 10293 Lab #3: Starry Night Observations of the Sun and Moon Introduction Today, we are going to use the Starry Night software to learn about motion of the stars, sun and moon on the celestial sphere.

More information

CHARTING THE HEAVENS USING A VIRTUAL PLANETARIUM

CHARTING THE HEAVENS USING A VIRTUAL PLANETARIUM Name Partner(s) Section Date CHARTING THE HEAVENS USING A VIRTUAL PLANETARIUM You have had the opportunity to look at two different tools to display the night sky, the celestial sphere and the star chart.

More information

Computer Activity #3 SUNRISE AND SUNSET: THE SEASONS

Computer Activity #3 SUNRISE AND SUNSET: THE SEASONS NAME(S)!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! ASTRONOMY 25 Computer Activity #3 SUNRISE AND SUNSET: THE SEASONS SECTION DAY/TIME S. V. LLOYD Overview The seasonal variation in temperature is due to two changes

More information

Earth Science Regents Interactive Path of the Sun University of Nebraska Resources Copyright 2011 by Z. Miller COMPANION WEBSITES: http://www.analemma.com/ http://www.stellarium.org/ Name Period Date Lab

More information

Celestial Sphere. Altitude [of a celestial object] Zenith. Meridian. Celestial Equator

Celestial Sphere. Altitude [of a celestial object] Zenith. Meridian. Celestial Equator Earth Science Regents Interactive Path of the Sun University of Nebraska Resources Copyright 2011 by Z. Miller Name Period COMPANION WEBSITES: http://www.analemma.com/ http://www.stellarium.org/ INTRODUCTION:

More information

Physics Lab #2: Learning Starry Night, Part 1

Physics Lab #2: Learning Starry Night, Part 1 Physics 10293 Lab #2: Learning Starry Night, Part 1 Introduction In this lab, we'll learn how to use the Starry Night software to explore the sky, and at the same time, you ll get a preview of many of

More information

AST101: Our Corner of the Universe Lab 1: Stellarium and The Celestial Sphere

AST101: Our Corner of the Universe Lab 1: Stellarium and The Celestial Sphere AST101: Our Corner of the Universe Lab 1: Stellarium and The Celestial Sphere Name: Student number (SUID): Lab section: Group Members: 1 Introduction Following the prelab, you should be now acquainted

More information

I. Introduction. II. An Introduction to Starry Night NAME: ORBITAL MOTION

I. Introduction. II. An Introduction to Starry Night NAME: ORBITAL MOTION NAME: ORBITAL MOTION What will you learn in this Lab? You will be using some special software to simulate the motion of planets in our Solar System and across the night sky. You will be asked to try and

More information

SkyGlobe Planetarium

SkyGlobe Planetarium SkyGlobe Planetarium Introduction: This exercise will simulate the night sky and demonstrate a number of principles of the celestial sphere and the motions of the Earth and planets. Getting Started: 1.

More information

CHARTING THE HEAVENS USING A VIRTUAL PLANETARIUM

CHARTING THE HEAVENS USING A VIRTUAL PLANETARIUM Name Partner(s) Section Date CHARTING THE HEAVENS USING A VIRTUAL PLANETARIUM You have had the opportunity to look at two different tools to display the night sky, the celestial sphere and the star chart.

More information

THE MOON. G. Iafrate (a), M. Ramella (a) e V. Bologna (b) (a) INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste (b)

THE MOON. G. Iafrate (a), M. Ramella (a) e V. Bologna (b) (a) INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste (b) THE MOON G. Iafrate (a), M. Ramella (a) e V. Bologna (b) (a) INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste (b) Istituto Comprensivo S. Giovanni Sc. Sec. di primo grado M. Codermatz" - Trieste Information

More information

Goals of this course. Welcome to Stars, Galaxies & the Universe. Grading for Stars, Galaxies & Universe. Other things you need to know: Course Website

Goals of this course. Welcome to Stars, Galaxies & the Universe. Grading for Stars, Galaxies & Universe. Other things you need to know: Course Website Welcome to Stars, Galaxies & the Universe Grading for Stars, Galaxies & Universe One-hour exams (3 exams, dates on syllabus) 300 Final exam (16 December 2010) 150 Homework (10 of 12 ICON assignments) 100

More information

Physics Lab #6:! Mercury!

Physics Lab #6:! Mercury! Physics 10293 Lab #6: Mercury Introduction Today we will explore the motions in the sky of the innermost planet in our solar system: Mercury. Both Mercury and Venus were easily visible to the naked eye

More information

Key Stage 3: Celestia Navigation Teacher s Notes

Key Stage 3: Celestia Navigation Teacher s Notes Key Stage 3: Celestia Navigation Teacher s Notes Curriculum Links: Sci7L The Solar System and Beyond, Sci9J Gravity and Space, Unit 6E Forces in action Celestia is a spaceflight simulator that allows you

More information

Student Exploration: Seasons: Earth, Moon, and Sun

Student Exploration: Seasons: Earth, Moon, and Sun Name: Date: Student Exploration: Seasons: Earth, Moon, and Sun Vocabulary: altitude, axis, azimuth, equinox, horizon, latitude, revolution, rotation, solstice Prior Knowledge Questions (Do these BEFORE

More information

Lab 6: The Planets and Kepler

Lab 6: The Planets and Kepler Lab 6: The Planets and Kepler The Motion of the Planets part I 1. Morning and Evening Stars. Start up Stellarium, and check to see if you have the Angle Tool installed it looks like a sideways A ( ) in

More information

STELLARIUM ACTIVITY #1: STARRISE AND STARSET

STELLARIUM ACTIVITY #1: STARRISE AND STARSET NAME(S) ASTRONOMY 20/25 SECTION DAY/TIME S. V. LLOYD STELLARIUM ACTIVITY #1: STARRISE AND STARSET Overview The sidereal day is the amount of time from starrise to the next starrise. In this activity, you

More information

Best Pair II User Guide (V1.2)

Best Pair II User Guide (V1.2) Best Pair II User Guide (V1.2) Paul Rodman (paul@ilanga.com) and Jim Burrows (burrjaw@earthlink.net) Introduction Best Pair II is a port of Jim Burrows' BestPair DOS program for Macintosh and Windows computers.

More information

Wikipedia - Stellar classification:

Wikipedia - Stellar classification: Stars and Hertzprung-Russell Diagram Introductory Astronomy laboratory exercise with Stellarium Mike Chu Name Stellarium is an open source and cross-platform application from www.stellarium.org. A star

More information

Physics Lab #2:! Starry Night Introduction!

Physics Lab #2:! Starry Night Introduction! Physics 10293 Lab #2: Starry Night Introduction Introduction In this lab, we'll learn how to use the Starry Night software to learn about the sky. Starry Night has a large number of features and options,

More information

The CSC Interface to Sky in Google Earth

The CSC Interface to Sky in Google Earth The CSC Interface to Sky in Google Earth CSC Threads The CSC Interface to Sky in Google Earth 1 Table of Contents The CSC Interface to Sky in Google Earth - CSC Introduction How to access CSC data with

More information

Indoor Lab #2: The Starry Sky

Indoor Lab #2: The Starry Sky 17 Indoor Lab #2: The Starry Sky Objectives: To tour the sky and explore the way in which it moves, using the sky simulation program Starry Night Pro. Check out the information sheet on SN first, and try

More information

EOS 102: Dynamic Oceans Exercise 1: Navigating Planet Earth

EOS 102: Dynamic Oceans Exercise 1: Navigating Planet Earth EOS 102: Dynamic Oceans Exercise 1: Navigating Planet Earth YOU MUST READ THROUGH THIS CAREFULLY! This exercise is designed to familiarize yourself with Google Earth and some of its basic functions while

More information

Appearance of the Sky Orientation Motion of sky Seasons Precession (?)

Appearance of the Sky Orientation Motion of sky Seasons Precession (?) Today Appearance of the Sky Orientation Motion of sky Seasons Precession (?) The Celestial Sphere Stars at different distances all appear to lie on the celestial sphere. The ecliptic is the Sun s apparent

More information

OCN 201 LAB FALL 2003 POLYNESIAN AND WESTERN NAVIGATION

OCN 201 LAB FALL 2003 POLYNESIAN AND WESTERN NAVIGATION Name: OCN 201 LAB FALL 2003 POLYNESIAN AND WESTERN NAVIGATION INTRODUCTION People have been sailing the seas for thousands of years, during most of which time they relied on the sun and the stars to navigate

More information

Appearance of the Sky Orientation Motion of sky Seasons Precession (?)

Appearance of the Sky Orientation Motion of sky Seasons Precession (?) Today Appearance of the Sky Orientation Motion of sky Seasons Precession (?) The Celestial Sphere Stars at different distances all appear to lie on the celestial sphere. The ecliptic is the Sun s apparent

More information

1. Which continents are experiencing daytime? 2. Which continents are experiencing nighttime?

1. Which continents are experiencing daytime? 2. Which continents are experiencing nighttime? Name: Section: Astronomy 101: Seasons Lab Objective: When you have completed this lab, you will be able to describe the seasons of the year and explain the reasons for those seasons. Answer the questions

More information

MiSP Astronomy Seasons Worksheet #1 L1

MiSP Astronomy Seasons Worksheet #1 L1 MiSP Astronomy Seasons Worksheet #1 L1 Name Date CHANGING HOURS OF DAYLIGHT ON LONG ISLAND Introduction You sometimes hear people say, Days are longer in the summer and shorter in the winter. That is a

More information

Astron 104 Laboratory #6 The Speed of Light and the Moons of Jupiter

Astron 104 Laboratory #6 The Speed of Light and the Moons of Jupiter Name: Date: Section: Astron 104 Laboratory #6 The Speed of Light and the Moons of Jupiter Section 1.2, 8.1 This lab is based on Project CLEA, http://www3.gettysburg.edu/ marschal/clea/cleahome.html. You

More information

MiSP Astronomy - Seasons Worksheet #1 L2

MiSP Astronomy - Seasons Worksheet #1 L2 MiSP Astronomy - Seasons Worksheet #1 L2 Name Date Changing Hours of Daylight on Long Island (L 1, 2, 3) Introduction You sometimes hear people say, Days are longer in the summer and shorter in the winter.

More information

Physics Lab #4:! Starry Night Student Exercises I!

Physics Lab #4:! Starry Night Student Exercises I! Physics 10293 Lab #4: Starry Night Student Exercises I Introduction For today s lab, we are going to let the Starry Night software do much of the work for us. We re going to walk through some of the sample

More information

Indoor Lab #1: The Celestial Sphere

Indoor Lab #1: The Celestial Sphere 11 Indoor Lab #1: The Celestial Sphere Objective: The celestial globe is a simple device but one of the best ways to develop clear ideas on how the sky works. Go slowly through sections 1 3 to make sure

More information

The Earth Orbits the Sun Student Question Sheet (Advanced)

The Earth Orbits the Sun Student Question Sheet (Advanced) The Earth Orbits the Sun Student Question Sheet (Advanced) Author: Sarah Roberts - Faulkes Telescope Project Introduction This worksheet contains questions and activities which will test your knowledge

More information

Polar alignment in 5 steps based on the Sánchez Valente method

Polar alignment in 5 steps based on the Sánchez Valente method 1 Polar alignment in 5 steps based on the Sánchez Valente method Compared to the drift alignment method, this one, allows you to easily achieve a perfect polar alignment in just one step. By "perfect polar

More information

Astronomy 50. Lab Manual

Astronomy 50. Lab Manual Astronomy 50 Lab Manual Union College Spring 2008 Professor Koopmann Professor Wilkin 2 Astronomy 50 Lab Policies Spring 2008 Professor Koopmann, Professor Wilkin For this course, you are required to complete

More information

FYI. 0 You will need to take notes this information will come in handy when going through this unit and on the cok.

FYI. 0 You will need to take notes this information will come in handy when going through this unit and on the cok. FYI 0 You will need to take notes this information will come in handy when going through this unit and on the cok. One of the best ways to get started as a backyard astronomer is to learn the constellations.

More information

The Revolution of the Moons of Jupiter Student Manual

The Revolution of the Moons of Jupiter Student Manual The Revolution of the Moons of Jupiter Student Manual A Manual to Accompany Software for the Introductory Astronomy Lab Exercise Document SM 1: Circ.Version 1.1.1 Department of Physics Gettysburg College

More information

Assignment #12 The Milky Way

Assignment #12 The Milky Way Name Date Class Assignment #12 The Milky Way For thousands of years people assumed that the stars they saw at night were the entire universe. Even after telescopes had been invented, the concept of a galaxy

More information

1st Grade. Slide 1 / 90. Slide 2 / 90. Slide 3 / 90. The Sun, Moon, Earth and Stars. Table of Contents The Sun.

1st Grade. Slide 1 / 90. Slide 2 / 90. Slide 3 / 90. The Sun, Moon, Earth and Stars. Table of Contents The Sun. Slide 1 / 90 Slide 2 / 90 1st Grade The Sun, Moon, Earth and Stars 2015-11-20 www.njctl.org Table of Contents Slide 3 / 90 Click on the topic to go to that section The Sun The Moon The Stars The Seasons

More information

Addendum For NexStar GT Hand Control Section Of The Owner's Manual.

Addendum For NexStar GT Hand Control Section Of The Owner's Manual. Addendum For NexStar GT Hand Control Section Of The Owner's Manual. The following is an addendum to the NexStar GT section of the owner's manual that explains the current operation and added features to

More information

How to Make or Plot a Graph or Chart in Excel

How to Make or Plot a Graph or Chart in Excel This is a complete video tutorial on How to Make or Plot a Graph or Chart in Excel. To make complex chart like Gantt Chart, you have know the basic principles of making a chart. Though I have used Excel

More information

HOMEWORK 4: H-R DIAGRAM

HOMEWORK 4: H-R DIAGRAM NAME(S) SECTION DAY/TIME ASTRONOMY25 (LLOYD) SPRING 2012 Purpose HOMEWORK 4: H-R DIAGRAM To plot the H-R diagram of a star cluster and estimate its age and distance. Background Magnitude is a measure of

More information

PHYS133 Lab 4 The Revolution of the Moons of Jupiter

PHYS133 Lab 4 The Revolution of the Moons of Jupiter PHYS133 Lab 4 Goals: Use a simulated remotely controlled telescope to observe iter and the position of its four largest moons. Plot their positions relative to the planet vs. time and fit a curve to them

More information

Name: Lab Partner: Department of Physics Gettysburg College Gettysburg, PA 17325

Name: Lab Partner: Department of Physics Gettysburg College Gettysburg, PA 17325 Name: Lab Partner: The Revolution of the Moons of Jupiter Student Manual A Manual to Accompany Software for the Introductory Astronomy Lab Exercise Edited by Lucy Kulbago, John Carroll University 11/24/2008

More information

Exercise 7.0 THE CHANGING DIURNAL CIRCLES OF THE SUN

Exercise 7.0 THE CHANGING DIURNAL CIRCLES OF THE SUN Exercise 7.0 THE CHANGING DIURNAL CIRCLES OF THE SUN I. The Apparent Annual Motion of the Sun A star always rises and sets at the same place on the horizon and, hence, it is above the horizon for the same

More information

Interacting Galaxies

Interacting Galaxies Interacting Galaxies Contents Introduction... 1 Downloads... 1 Selecting Interacting Galaxies to Observe... 2 Measuring the sizes of the Galaxies... 5 Making a Colour Image in IRIS... 8 External Resources...

More information

ASTRONOMY 25 SUMMER 2017 PROJECT 2: THE HEIGHT OF THE SUN

ASTRONOMY 25 SUMMER 2017 PROJECT 2: THE HEIGHT OF THE SUN Name(s) Section Time ASTRONOMY 25 SUMMER 2017 PROJECT 2: THE HEIGHT OF THE SUN Rules: 1) Do the project by yourself or with one other person. If you want to work with a partner, get an agreement form from

More information

Lab 3: Stars, Stars, Stars!

Lab 3: Stars, Stars, Stars! Lab 3: Stars, Stars, Stars! The Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram Today we will learn about the different types of stars and how they are different form one another. Go to http://astro.unl.edu/naap/hr/hr.html.

More information

The Revolution of the Moons of Jupiter

The Revolution of the Moons of Jupiter The Revolution of the Moons of Jupiter Overview: During this lab session you will make use of a CLEA (Contemporary Laboratory Experiences in Astronomy) computer program generously developed and supplied

More information

How Do I Create a Hubble Diagram to show the expanding universe?

How Do I Create a Hubble Diagram to show the expanding universe? How Do I Create a Hubble Diagram to show the expanding universe? An extremely important topic in astronomy is the expansion of the universe. Although the expanding universe is nearly always discussed in

More information

RETROGRADE MOTION AND PLANETARY ORBITS Computer Simulations

RETROGRADE MOTION AND PLANETARY ORBITS Computer Simulations RETROGRADE MOTION AND PLANETARY ORBITS Computer Simulations OBJECTIVE: To see planetary orbits simulated on a computer and to see how this suncentered model explains retrograde motion. Initial Procedure:

More information

Exploring the Night Sky: Star Charts and Stellarium

Exploring the Night Sky: Star Charts and Stellarium Names: Grade Exploring the Night Sky: Charts and Stellarium Pre-Lab Quiz Record you team s answer as well as your reasonings and explanations. 1. 2. 3. 4. Part 1: Using a SC001 Constellation Chart Coordinates

More information

SOFT 423: Software Requirements

SOFT 423: Software Requirements SOFT 423: Software Requirements Week 11 Class 1 Telescope Example End-to-End SOFT 423 Winter 2015 1 Last Class CRUDO Activity Diagrams SOFT 423 Winter 2015 2 This Class Telescope System Example We won

More information

THE SKY. Sc. Sec. di primo grado M. Codermatz - Trieste August, 2008

THE SKY. Sc. Sec. di primo grado M. Codermatz - Trieste August, 2008 THE SKY G. Iafrate (a), M. Ramella (a) and V. Bologna (b) (a) INAF - Astronomical Observatory of Trieste (b) Istituto Comprensivo S. Giovanni Sc. Sec. di primo grado M. Codermatz - Trieste August, 2008

More information

Using Angles. Looking at the Night Sky. Rising and Setting Stars. Nightly Motion of the Stars. Nightly Motion of the Stars

Using Angles. Looking at the Night Sky. Rising and Setting Stars. Nightly Motion of the Stars. Nightly Motion of the Stars Looking at the Night Sky How to find your way around: Position -> where is that object? Distance -> how much space between these two things? Motion -> where will that object be later tonight? Bright/faint

More information

Chapter 2 Lecture. The Cosmic Perspective Seventh Edition. Discovering the Universe for Yourself Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 2 Lecture. The Cosmic Perspective Seventh Edition. Discovering the Universe for Yourself Pearson Education, Inc. Chapter 2 Lecture The Cosmic Perspective Seventh Edition Discovering the Universe for Yourself Discovering the Universe for Yourself 2.1 Patterns in the Night Sky Our goals for learning: What does the

More information

The Galilean Moons of Jupiter

The Galilean Moons of Jupiter The Galilean Moons of Jupiter Image credit: NASA/JPL Mokusei Ver 1.04 This manual is provided in English language only. The author is not a native speaker of English. The author assumes and provides that

More information

Lesson Plan 2 - Middle and High School Land Use and Land Cover Introduction. Understanding Land Use and Land Cover using Google Earth

Lesson Plan 2 - Middle and High School Land Use and Land Cover Introduction. Understanding Land Use and Land Cover using Google Earth Understanding Land Use and Land Cover using Google Earth Image an image is a representation of reality. It can be a sketch, a painting, a photograph, or some other graphic representation such as satellite

More information

8.9 Observing Celestial Objects from Earth

8.9 Observing Celestial Objects from Earth 8.9 Observing Celestial Objects from Earth Celestial objects are visible from Earth both by day and by night. In the daytime you can see the Sun and, sometimes, the Moon. Looking up at the night sky on

More information

Chapter 2 Discovering the Universe for Yourself. Copyright 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 2 Discovering the Universe for Yourself. Copyright 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Chapter 2 Discovering the Universe for Yourself 1 2.1 Patterns in the Night Sky Our goals for learning: What does the universe look like from Earth? Why do stars rise and set? Why do the constellations

More information

CHAPTER 2 A USER'S GUIDE TO THE SKY

CHAPTER 2 A USER'S GUIDE TO THE SKY CHAPTER 2 A USER'S GUIDE TO THE SKY MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. In one way of naming stars, a letter indicates its brightness relative to the other stars in the constellation. a. English b. Arabic c. Greek d. Cyrillic

More information

COLOR MAGNITUDE DIAGRAMS

COLOR MAGNITUDE DIAGRAMS COLOR MAGNITUDE DIAGRAMS What will you learn in this Lab? This lab will introduce you to Color-Magnitude, or Hertzsprung-Russell, Diagrams: one of the most useful diagnostic tools developed in 20 th century

More information

1. Title: What can earthquake and volcano locations tell us? 2. Contributing Teacher: Richard Meyer, Pine River-Backus Schools, November14 th, 2009

1. Title: What can earthquake and volcano locations tell us? 2. Contributing Teacher: Richard Meyer, Pine River-Backus Schools, November14 th, 2009 1. Title: What can earthquake and volcano locations tell us? 2. Contributing Teacher: Richard Meyer, Pine River-Backus Schools, November14 th, 2009 3. Suggested Grade Level: Middle School, High School

More information

Chapter 2 Discovering the Universe for Yourself. What does the universe look like from Earth? Constellations. 2.1 Patterns in the Night Sky

Chapter 2 Discovering the Universe for Yourself. What does the universe look like from Earth? Constellations. 2.1 Patterns in the Night Sky Chapter 2 Discovering the Universe for Yourself 2.1 Patterns in the Night Sky Our goals for learning: What does the universe look like from Earth? Why do stars rise and set? Why do the constellations we

More information

Constellations In ancient times, constellations only referred to the brightest stars that appeared to form groups, representing mythological figures.

Constellations In ancient times, constellations only referred to the brightest stars that appeared to form groups, representing mythological figures. Chapter 2: The Sky Constellations In ancient times, constellations only referred to the brightest stars that appeared to form groups, representing mythological figures. Constellations Today, constellations

More information

Solar Time, Angles, and Irradiance Calculator: User Manual

Solar Time, Angles, and Irradiance Calculator: User Manual Solar Time, Angles, and Irradiance Calculator: User Manual Circular 674 Thomas Jenkins and Gabriel Bolivar-Mendoza 1 Cooperative Extension Service Engineering New Mexico Resource Network College of Agricultural,

More information

Chapter 2 Discovering the Universe for Yourself

Chapter 2 Discovering the Universe for Yourself Chapter 2 Discovering the Universe for Yourself 2.1 Patterns in the Night Sky Our goals for learning: What does the universe look like from Earth? Why do stars rise and set? Why do the constellations we

More information

GPS Worldwide Laboratory: a community of knowledge-seekers spanning the globe

GPS Worldwide Laboratory: a community of knowledge-seekers spanning the globe Laboratory B: (predicting and verifying satellite visibility) Lab Date: 1 November 2014 1 day depending on your time zone). YOU MUST DO THIS PARTICULAR LAB ON THE SPECIFIED DAY. Lab Goals: Predict when

More information

Starry Night Pro 4.5. User s Guide FOR MACINTOSH AND WINDOWS

Starry Night Pro 4.5. User s Guide FOR MACINTOSH AND WINDOWS Starry Night Pro 4.5 User s Guide FOR MACINTOSH AND WINDOWS Space Holding Corp 284 Richmond St. E. Suite 300 Toronto, ON M5A 1P4, Canada contact@starrynight.com www.starrynight.com 2003 Space Holding Corp

More information

Experiment 0 ~ Introduction to Statistics and Excel Tutorial. Introduction to Statistics, Error and Measurement

Experiment 0 ~ Introduction to Statistics and Excel Tutorial. Introduction to Statistics, Error and Measurement Experiment 0 ~ Introduction to Statistics and Excel Tutorial Many of you already went through the introduction to laboratory practice and excel tutorial in Physics 1011. For that reason, we aren t going

More information

Astron 104 Laboratory #4 Orbital Motion of a Planet

Astron 104 Laboratory #4 Orbital Motion of a Planet Name: Date: Section: Astron 104 Laboratory #4 Orbital Motion of a Planet Introduction The nature of the Solar System was first derived from careful measurements of the positions of the planets in the night

More information

ENCYCLOPÆDIA BRITANNICA TOUCH THE SKY, TOUCH THE UNIVERSE. ~ User Guide ~ - 1 -

ENCYCLOPÆDIA BRITANNICA TOUCH THE SKY, TOUCH THE UNIVERSE. ~ User Guide ~ - 1 - ENCYCLOPÆDIA BRITANNICA TOUCH THE SKY, TOUCH THE UNIVERSE ~ User Guide ~ - 1 - WELCOME TO TOUCH THE SKY, TOUCH THE UNIVERSE...2 FEATURES OF THE PROGRAM...3 CONTENT...3 USING THE PROGRAM'S FUNCTIONS AND

More information

CESAR Science Case. Jupiter Mass. Calculating a planet s mass from the motion of its moons. Student s Guide

CESAR Science Case. Jupiter Mass. Calculating a planet s mass from the motion of its moons. Student s Guide Jupiter Mass Calculating a planet s mass from the motion of its moons Student s Guide 2 Table of Contents The... Error! Marcador no definido. Kepler s Three Laws... 4 Activity 1: Properties of the Galilean

More information

Studying Topography, Orographic Rainfall, and Ecosystems (STORE)

Studying Topography, Orographic Rainfall, and Ecosystems (STORE) Introduction Studying Topography, Orographic Rainfall, and Ecosystems (STORE) Lesson: Using ArcGIS Explorer to Analyze the Connection between Topography, Tectonics, and Rainfall GIS-intensive Lesson This

More information

INTRODUCTION TO THE TELESCOPE

INTRODUCTION TO THE TELESCOPE AST 113/114 Fall 2014 / Spring 2016 NAME: INTRODUCTION TO THE TELESCOPE What will you learn in this Lab? For a few of the labs this semester, you will be using an 8-inch Celestron telescope to take observations.

More information

AP Physics 1 Summer Assignment Packet

AP Physics 1 Summer Assignment Packet AP Physics 1 Summer Assignment Packet 2017-18 Welcome to AP Physics 1 at David Posnack Jewish Day School. The concepts of physics are the most fundamental found in the sciences. By the end of the year,

More information

Go to Click on the first animation: The north pole, observed from space

Go to  Click on the first animation: The north pole, observed from space IDS 102 The Seasons on a Planet like Earth As the Earth travels around the Sun, it moves in a giant circle 300 million kilometers across. (Well, it is actually a giant ellipse but the shape is so close

More information

Objectives. Duration: one week

Objectives. Duration: one week Objectives At the conclusion of the lesson, students will be able to: 1. Analyze data to describe the motion of the sun including equinox and solstice paths in the sky for an Ancient Culture 2. Use alt-azimuth

More information

OBSERVING PROJECT PARTNER ELECTION

OBSERVING PROJECT PARTNER ELECTION ASTRONOMY 25 NOON SUN PROJECT P. P. 1 Name(s) Section Day/Time Fill in either Part 1 or Part 2. OBSERVING PROJECT PARTNER ELECTION Part I. SOLO OBSERVER I will do the observing project by myself. I will

More information

MAY 10, Beginning of Class: We looked into the future of the Glendale sky using Stellarium

MAY 10, Beginning of Class: We looked into the future of the Glendale sky using Stellarium MAY 10, 2016 Beginning of Class: We looked into the future of the Glendale sky using Stellarium The sky is blue because the light bounces off the air molecules and scatters. Air molecules are better at

More information

Create Satellite Image, Draw Maps

Create Satellite Image, Draw Maps Create Satellite Image, Draw Maps 1. The goal Using Google Earth, we want to create and import a background file into our Adviser program. From there, we will be creating paddock boundaries. The accuracy

More information

User's Guide version: 0.06

User's Guide version: 0.06 TEXAS INSTRUMENTS ASTRONOMICAL RESSOURCES & EPHEMERIS http://yann.duchemin.free.fr/astro/tiare/ User's Guide version: 0.06 F o r TI89 TI92(+) V200 c a l c u l a t o r s 23/12/2005 1/10 Many thanks to :

More information

Lab 2: Angles and other needed math (or the history of astronomy)

Lab 2: Angles and other needed math (or the history of astronomy) Astronomy 101 Name(s): Lab 2: Angles and other needed math (or the history of astronomy) Purpose: This lab is an overview of much of the math skills you will need for this course. As I hope you will see

More information

SC.8.E.5.9. Summer and Winter Gizmo

SC.8.E.5.9. Summer and Winter Gizmo 8 th Grade Science Quarter 1 Recovery Packet SC.8.E.5.9 DAYS/YEARS/SEASONS Go to www.explorelearning.com and search for the Summer and Winter Gizmo. Answer the following questions: Gizmo Warm-up Summer

More information

Mars for Earthlings. Purpose: Observe and rank potential Earth analogs for Mars planetary study.

Mars for Earthlings. Purpose: Observe and rank potential Earth analogs for Mars planetary study. LESSON 1: Introduction In Class Activity 1 Mars Analogs Purpose: Observe and rank potential Earth analogs for Mars planetary study. Earth Analogs 1. What do you think scientists mean by an earth analog

More information

4. What is the main advantage of the celestial coordinate system over altitude-azimuth coordinates?

4. What is the main advantage of the celestial coordinate system over altitude-azimuth coordinates? SUMMARY Looking at the night sky is not only fun, it will help you understand some of the phenomena described in chapters 1 and 2. Star maps will help you identify constellations and bright stars, and

More information