1 Primary Connected Geography key stage 1 and 2 Teachers Professional Development Programme Author: David Weatherly
2 About Connected Geography Connected Geography has been very carefully designed and resourced to provide teachers with a coherent, progressive and rigorous learning programme for Years 1 6 which will engage and motivate pupils and encourage them to see the world through the eyes of young geographers. Many pupils in primary education today will live to see the next century and the content and approach to learning adopted in the Connected Geography programme recognises this. It seeks to identify the most relevant and meaningful aspects of the suggested subject content of the National Curriculum in geography to explore in depth, rather than providing a textbook that attempts comprehensive coverage at the expense of subject rigour and challenge. A unique aspect of Connected Geography is that it is also a valuable professional development tool for teachers. Each enquiry includes detailed subject content knowledge, as well as guidance on approaches to learning and teaching to adopt inside and outside of the classroom to achieve the best subject outcomes. A wealth of resources including photographs, GIS data sets, satellite imagery, hyperlinks to streamed video, newspapers, and maps and plans at different scales are also included with each enquiry. To gain the greatest benefit from each enquiry it is suggested that teachers begin by reading through the complete scheme of work documentation of each investigation to ensure that they understand its content, objectives and structure and are confident in introducing and developing it with pupils. Careful reading will also ensure that teachers are familiar with the rationale, context and methodology of each enquiry as outlined below. ISBN ISBN ISBN
3 Outcomes focused curriculum Learning objectives are outcome focused and progressively more challenging for Years 1 6 and reflect what it means for a pupil to get better at geography. The learning objectives, which highlight outcomes in bold, appear on the first page of the planning for each enquiry. They recognise that whilst it is important for pupils to increase and extend their knowledge of the subject it is also vital that they have space and time to develop as geographers. Important subject knowledge is implicit in each enquiry but this is balanced with adequate time and opportunity for pupils to master key subject skills and outcomes by doing less better. This ensures progression in both the complexities of content and in terms of pupils applying their knowledge to achieve higher order outcomes as they move through the programme. The eighteen Connected Geography enquiries have been written to ensure that pupils are progressively challenged to achieve the following outcomes as they move through the programme. This progression reflects increasing mastery of the subject, which is highlighted in the learning objectives of each investigation: Name and recognise Identify Locate Describe Observe Compare and contrast Reason Measure Record Present Understand through explanation Conclude Make informed judgements Apply Predict Evaluate Reflect Critique Hypothesise The importance of subject vocabulary Choosing subject content carefully and effectively doing less better provides space to ensure that appropriate and specialised geographical vocabulary is introduced and consolidated with pupils. This is an area of planning that is often overlooked when there is an emphasis on building curricula around content rather than subject outcomes. To this end the front page of each enquiry includes a comprehensive list of subject vocabulary as a starting point for teachers to introduce and develop with pupils as the investigation unfolds. This is of course not an exhaustive list and teachers will want to add to it as the enquiry process unfolds in the context of their own schools. An important aspect of both continuity and progression is to ensure that time is devoted to thinking about what subject vocabulary the pupils have already mastered and how this can be built upon and extended through the curriculum. Connected Geography has addressed this.
4 Clear purpose and context to every enquiry The central purpose or rationale of geography, often referred to as its paradigm, is to enable pupils to understand the interaction of human beings with their environments at personal, local, regional, national and global scales. This paradigm is central to all of the eighteen enquiries in the Connected Geography programme with each exploring people environment relationships see Page 1 of the planning documentation of each enquiry. Throughout the design and writing of the programme considerable thought has been given to concentrating on the most relevant and purposeful aspects of the topics, places and themes of the geography content of the National Curriculum so as to provide pupils with a subject base fit for purpose in the 21 st century. All geographical investigation is essentially placed based and the enquiries have been written to provide a comprehensive range of examples at different scales of locations around the world, in line with National Curriculum requirements, to illustrate key geographical concepts. Connecting with other subject areas As well as delivering the subject content of geography within the National Curriculum, the eighteen enquiries of the Connected Geography programme also make links with areas of other subjects, which, if desired, can be delivered at the same time. Such connections are detailed on the second of the planning documentation of each investigation. Both Literacy and Numeracy and are of course embedded throughout all of the enquiries. In addition each enquiry highlights relevant links to the content of other National Curriculum subjects. This adds huge value to pupils learning as such connections provide different perspectives and viewpoints about issues and illustrate how interconnected and interdependent the world is in the twenty-first century. When suggesting such cross-curricular linkages the emphasis has been on relevance and adding value to study rather than on making tokenistic or superficial connections. Key question led and enquiry based learning The Connected Geography programme does not attempt to teach topics in their entirety as this often leads to an over emphasis on content and knowing rather than on enabling pupils to achieve higher order outcomes by interrogating information and applying skills from one context to another. What Connected Geography does is to ask big questions about topics, places, themes and issues questions that are relevant if you are going to live to see the next century. At Key Stage 1 many of these questions will understandably be more tightly defined or closed Who, What, Where and When questions but a Key Stage 2 a more open ended approach will be apparent to teachers with an emphasis on Why and How questions. Each enquiry has a key question underpinned by several ancillary or sub questions for the pupils to master in turn as they progress through the investigation. All of the ancillary questions have been carefully designed to take the pupil from the known and familiar to the unknown and unfamiliar in a supportive manner. By the time the pupils have completed all stages of the investigation they
5 will be in a position to answer the key question. The key question enquiry structure adopts the approach of initially identifying where the pupils are in terms of their experience or knowledge of the focus of the enquiry; then supporting them to complete a number of ancillary question investigations to progress their understanding; and finally assisting them to make sense of the progress they have made through a range of ways that can track and record achievement against performance descriptors (see Assessment section below). Skills application 1. Awareness Raising of existing knowledge and understanding of the children Generating questions Skills application 2. Investigation Collecting and recording information from primary and/or secondary sources Analysing Presenting results appropriately (audience) Skills application 3. Meaningful learning Interpretation Sharing the learning outcomes Making decisions Evaluating Assessment and performance descriptors The final page of the planning documentation of each enquiry suggests possible ways that pupils, achievement and progress might be judged by the teacher. In the assessment table the learning objectives and anticipated outcomes are listed again and cross-referenced this time to the specific ancillary questions where they were addressed. In the right hand column suggestions are made as to how a pupil might demonstrate progress against each outcome i.e. what they might write, make, present, enact or discuss that will enable the teacher to make a judgement of whether an objective has been accomplished, such as being able to describe how a community was affected by a volcanic eruption or explaining the challenges faced by those who manage National Parks. It is not anticipated that every learning outcome will be assessed in every enquiry but it is recommended that teachers select a sample of outcomes to assess in each enquiry to build up a developing picture of
6 how a pupil is progressing as a young geographer. The focus should be on whether the pupil has shown that they have been able to, for example, identify; describe; compare and contrast; explain; make a judgement or evaluate and record. It is not necessary or particularly desirable to attach a numerical value to the achievement of subject outcomes. It is left to the discretion of the teacher as to which outcomes are most appropriate and relevant to assess bearing in mind the priority of identifying the pupil s progress towards end of Key Stage 1, Key Stage 2 (Years 3 and 4) and Key Stage 2 (Years 5 and 6). Here is a set of performance descriptors in geography as suggested by a school: During Key Stage 1 we challenge and support our children to carry out a number geographical investigations through the Connected Geography learning programme which enable them to use and apply basic and appropriate subject vocabulary, subject tools (including maps, aerial photographs and graphical data and fieldwork skills) to recognise, identify, describe, observe, reason and begin to explain in simple terms the interaction of people with their environments. Through Key Stage 2 (Years 3 and 4) in geography, learning and teaching builds on the knowledge and understanding, skills and attitudes outcomes at Key Stage 1 and the pupils make progress through being provided with opportunities to reach explanations (which means that their understanding is based on the clear use of evidence e.g. from data they have collected and presented in a graph) and reach conclusions about topics, places and issues they have studied through the Connected Geography learning programme. Another important aspect of geography at Key Stage 2 (Years 3 and 4) is that our pupils begin to be able to see the world through the perspective of different stakeholders i.e. people and things that have an interest in or our connected to an issue or place. To this end during Key Stage 2 (Years 3 and 4) we challenge and support our children to undertake geographical investigations from Connected Geography which enable them to use and apply appropriate and increasingly specialised subject vocabulary, subject tools (such as satellite imagery and GIS) and fieldwork skills to recognise, identify, describe, observe, reason, explain and reach basic conclusions about the interaction of people with their environments. At Key Stage 2 (Years 5 and 6) Connected Geography focuses on topics and big questions that extend the children s subject skills so that they are able to make judgements about things they learn both from their own personal perspective and through empathising with the position of others. In addition opportunities are provided for the children to evaluate what they have learned and how they have learned it and to come up with their own questions to investigate. Higher outcomes in geography also involve children being able to apply what they have learned in one context to another and to understand concepts as well more discrete areas of knowledge which they learned and understood e.g. being aware of the fact that a
7 seaside beach is only one example of how the land meets the sea and that coast (a concept or generalised set of information) refers to anywhere where the land meets the sea which may be a beach but also could well be a cliff, port, estuary, mud flat or marsh. To achieve this during Key Stage 2 (Years 5 and 6) we challenge and support our pupils to undertake Connected Geography investigations which enable them to use and apply specialised subject vocabulary, subject tools (such as GIS) and fieldwork skills to recognise, identify, describe, observe, reason, explain, reach conclusions and make judgements, evaluate, apply and hypothesise about the interaction of people with their environments. Resources to support learning Each enquiry within the Connected Geography programme draws upon a wealth of learning and teaching resources, which will both inspire and motivate pupils to immerse themselves in the investigations. Resources are numbered and shown in bold in the Scheme of work. In addition all of the resources for every enquiry have been assembled in chronological order into a PowerPoint presentation that teachers can use to project images and information as required. The Teachers Resources PDF file for each enquiry has a contents page where every resource is numbered and linked to the first page of that resource in the document. The resources are also bookmarked in this PDF. Some resources have contents listed for the teacher s use, these are deliberately excluded from the PowerPoint presentations. Some of the film clips noted in the scheme of work files are already supplied in the resources folder. Not all resources folders have contents, but you may wish to add any files you download to these folders. ISBN
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9 Connected Geography: National Curriculum Key Stage 1 Overview Key Question What is the geography of where I live? Why do we love being beside the seaside so much? How does the weather affect our lives? Locational knowledge Continents and Oceans Lines of latitude and longitude Equator North and South Poles Continents and Oceans Lines of latitude and longitude Equator North and South Poles Continents and Oceans Lines of latitude and longitude Equator North and South Poles Place knowledge Human and physical Skills and fieldwork World maps Physical and human Atlases and globes Small area of features Compass directions the United Basic subject Aerial photographs Kingdom vocabulary and plans Fieldwork Weather Seasons Hot and cold areas Physical and human features Basic subject vocabulary Weather Seasons Hot and cold areas Physical and human features Basic subject vocabulary World maps Atlases and globes Compass directions Aerial photographs and plans Fieldwork World maps Atlases and globes Compass directions Aerial photographs and plans Fieldwork Cross curricular links Art and Design Design and Technology History Art and Design Design and Technology Music
10 Connected Geography: National Curriculum Key Stage 1 Overview Key Question Why don t penguins need to fly? Why does it matter where our food comes from? How does Kampong Ayer compare with where I live? Locational knowledge Continents and Oceans Lines of latitude and longitude Equator North and South Poles Continents and Oceans Lines of latitude and longitude Equator North and South Poles Continents and Oceans Lines of latitude and longitude Equator North and South Poles Place knowledge Human and physical Skills and fieldwork Small area in a contrasting non- European country Weather Seasons Hot and cold areas Physical and human features Basic subject vocabulary Weather Seasons Hot and cold areas Physical and human features Basic subject vocabulary Weather Seasons Hot and cold areas Physical and human features Basic subject vocabulary World maps Atlases and globes Compass directions Aerial photographs Plans Fieldwork World maps Atlases and globes Compass directions Aerial photographs and plans Fieldwork World maps Atlases and globes Compass directions Aerial photographs and plans Fieldwork Cross curricular links Design and Technology Art and Design Design and Technology Art and Design Design and Technology
11 Connected Geography: National Curriculum Key Stage 2 (Years 3 and 4) Overview Key Question Why do some earthquakes cause more damage than others? Beyond the Magic Kingdom: what is the Sunshine State really like? Why do so many people live in megacities? Locational knowledge South America Latitude and longitude Northern and Southern Hemisphere and time zones Europe including Russia North America South America Latitude and longitude Northern and Southern Hemisphere and time zones Europe including Russia North America South America Latitude and longitude Northern and Southern Hemisphere Place knowledge Human and physical Skills and fieldwork Region within North or South America Volcanoes and earthquakes Climate zones Settlement and land use Economic activity and trade Settlement and land use Economic activity and trade Maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping Map symbols and key Maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping Eight points of compass Map symbols and key Maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping Cross curricular links Design and Technology History History
12 Connected Geography: National Curriculum Key Stage 2 (Years 3 and 4) Overview Key Question How and why is my local environment changing? How can we live more sustainably? Why are jungles so wet and deserts so dry? Locational knowledge South America Latitude and longitude Northern and Southern Hemisphere Place knowledge Human and physical Skills and fieldwork Maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping Eight points of compass Settlement and land Map symbols and key use and the use of Ordnance Survey maps Fieldwork observe, measure, record and present Natural Resources Climate zones Biomes and vegetation belts Maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping Fieldwork observe, measure, record and present Maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping Eight points of compass Map symbols and key Cross curricular links History Design and Technology
13 Connected Geography: National Curriculum Key Stage 2 (Years 5 and 6) Overview Key Question How do volcanoes affect the lives of people on Hiemaey? What is a river? Why are mountains so important? Locational knowledge Europe including Russia Latitude and longitude Northern and Southern Hemisphere and time zones Europe including Russia Latitude and longitude Northern and Southern Hemisphere Europe including Russia North America South America Latitude and longitude Northern and Southern Hemisphere Place knowledge Human and physical Skills and fieldwork Climate zones Volcanoes and Maps, atlases, globes and A region in a earthquakes digital/computer mapping European Settlement and land Eight points of compass country use Map symbols and key Economic activity and trade A region of the United Kingdom Rivers and the water cycle Natural resources Mountains Natural resources Maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping Eight points of compass Four and six figure grid references Map symbols and key and the use of Ordnance Survey maps Fieldwork observe, measure, record and present Maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping Eight points of compass Four and six figure grid references Map symbols and key and the use of Ordnance Survey maps Cross curricular links History History Music History
14 Connected Geography: National Curriculum Key Stage 2 (Years 5 and 6) Overview Key Question How is climate change affecting the world? Why is fair trade fair? Locational knowledge North America Latitude and longitude Northern and Southern Hemisphere Europe including Russia South America Latitude and longitude Northern and Southern Hemisphere Place knowledge Human and physical Skills and fieldwork Climate zones Biomes and vegetation Maps, atlases, globes and belts digital/computer mapping Types of settlement Map symbols and key and land use Natural resources Climate zones Economic activity and trade Natural resources Maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping Eight points of compass Four and six figure grid references Map symbols and key and the use of Ordnance Survey maps Cross curricular links History Who are Britain s National Parks for? North America Latitude and longitude Northern and Southern Hemisphere A region of the United Kingdom Mountains Types of settlement and land use Economic activity Natural resources Maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping Eight points of compass Four and six figure grid references Map symbols and key and the use of Ordnance Survey maps History Art and Design
15 Scheme of work Geography: Key Stage 2 Years 5 and 6 Teachers Professional Development Programme Enquiry 1: How do volcanoes affect the lives of people on Hiemaey? Author: David Weatherly Connecting the curriculum through enquiry based learning
16 Key Question: How do volcanoes affect the lives of people on Hiemaey? Learning objectives During the enquiry pupils will have opportunities through the application and analysis of a wide range of geographical skills and resources to: Identify, recognise and describe, using appropriate subject vocabulary, where Saethor takes his dog Tiry for a walk each day; Identify, describe and and compare and contrast the countries of Europe; Recognise, describe and explain the key geographical features of the Westman Islands region of Iceland and the island of Hiemaey in particular; Compare and contrast, using appropriate geographical vocabulary, the physical and human geography of Vestmannaeyjar with that of the local area/region; Explain and reach a judgement, using appropriate and specialised subject vocabulary, why there are so few trees on Hiemaey; Explain how volcanoes form, observe the global pattern of volcanoes correctly and suggest plausible geographical reasons for this distribution; Purpose of the enquiry This enquiry encourages and supports pupils not only to understand some of the key physical processes that shape the Earth, but also to recognise and evaluate the interaction of people with these physical processes the very essence of geography. All landscapes and environments offer opportunities, constraints and, sometimes, risks and hazards to the people who coexist with them. This enquiry exemplifies this in a manner that is straightforward for pupils to grasp and to evaluate. As the enquiry evolves, so pupils are able to appreciate how environments may change over time and how this might bring advantages and challenges to the people who are interconnected with them. Context The island of Hiemaey (pronounced Hay my and meaning Home Island) is the largest and only inhabited (population 4500) island of the Westman Islands, Iceland (Vestmannaeyjar pronounced Vestman a, ei jar in Icelandic). The Westman Islands form the most southerly region of Iceland and are very active volcanically. The island of Hiemaey came to international attention in 1973 with the eruption of the Eldfell volcano, which destroyed many buildings and forced a months-long evacuation of the entire population to mainland Iceland. Approximately one-fifth of the town was destroyed before the lava flow was halted by the application of 6.8 billion litres of cold seawater but not before it had increased the land area of Hiemaey by 20 per cent. Today the two volcanoes of Eldfell and Helgafell dominate the island and everyone lives quite literally in their shadow. Successive eruptions from seabed volcanoes over thousands of years have created a barren, largely treeless landscape with distinctive tall and imposing cliffs and black ash beaches. A Polar climate (albeit moderated to some extent by the warming effect of the Gulf Stream, it still has an average daily temperature of 4.8 C) brings 190 days of rain, which totals 1588 mm on average each year, and very strong winds. This, along with the harsh physical geography, makes Hiemaey a very challenging place to try and farm. In contrast, the surrounding seas offer much greater potential for local people and fishing and fish processing is by far the most important economic activity on the island. Two volcanoes combined with global awareness of the impact of the 1973 Eldfell eruption on the island and a rich and varied bird population (including iconic puffin colonies) now bring thousands of tourists to the island using the 30-minute ferry journey from the mainland. Local people have developed many ways of earning a living from these visitors. National Curriculum coverage Geography Pupils should be taught to: Locational knowledge The countries (including the location of Russia), major cities and key physical and human geography of Europe. Identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle, the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones. Place knowledge Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region in a European country. Human and physical geography Describe and understand key aspects of: Physical geography including climate zones and volcanoes. Human geography including economic activity and trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy. Geographical skills Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied. 2 Connected Geography: Key Stage 2 (Years 5 and 6) Key question: How do volcanoes affect the lives of people on Hiemaey?
17 Key Question: How do volcanoes affect the lives of people on Hiemaey? Understand how and why the environment of Hiemaey has changed over time and reach conclusions and make judgements about the positive and negative impact of these changes on the ways of life of the people of Hiemaey; Understand the stages in the manufacture of an economic activity fish processing together with what export, import and trade entails; Make a reasoned geographical judgement, using evidence and logical argument, as to whether earthquakes are more dangerous than volcanoes. Key Subject Vocabulary Volcano; Continent; Island; Europe; Latitude; Equator; Longitude; Hemisphere; Weather; Climate; Trade; Economic activity; Natural resources; Environment; Landscape; Eruption; Fire; Fjord; Magma; Evacuation; Lava; Cliff; Gulf Stream; Glacier; Mountain; Relief; Earthquake; Political; City; Urban; Rural; Region; Archipelago; Geyser; Port; Geothermal; Precipitation; Climate graph; Growing season; Distribution; Pacific Ring of Crust; Mantle; Refugees; Core; Tectonic plates; Igneous; Sedimentary; Tourism; Metamorphic; Economic activity; Processing; Colony; Transport; Market. Connections to the subject content of other curriculum areas Teachers should develop pupils spoken language, reading, writing and vocabulary as integral aspects of the teaching of every subject. English is both a subject in its own right and the medium for teaching; for pupils, understanding the language provides access to the whole curriculum. Fluency in the English language is an essential foundation for success in all subjects. Spoken language Pupils should be taught to speak clearly and convey ideas confidently using Standard English. They should learn to justify ideas with reasons; ask questions to check understanding; develop vocabulary and build knowledge; negotiate; evaluate and build on the ideas of others; and select the appropriate register for effective communication. They should be taught to give well-structured descriptions and explanations and develop their understanding through speculating, hypothesising and exploring ideas. This will enable them to clarify their thinking as well as organise their ideas for writing. Reading and writing Teachers should develop pupils reading and writing in all subjects to support their acquisition of knowledge. Pupils should be taught to read fluently, understand extended prose (both fiction and non-fiction) and be encouraged to read for pleasure. Schools should do everything to promote wider reading. They should provide library facilities and set ambitious expectations for reading at home. Pupils should develop the stamina and skills to write at length, with accurate spelling and punctuation. They should be taught the correct use of grammar. They should build on what they have been taught to expand the range of their writing and the variety of the grammar they use. The writing they do should include narratives, explanations, descriptions, comparisons, summaries and evaluations: such writing supports them in rehearsing, understanding and consolidating what they have heard or read. Vocabulary development Pupils acquisition and command of vocabulary are key to their learning and progress across the whole curriculum. Teachers should therefore develop vocabulary actively, building systematically on pupils current knowledge. They should increase pupils store of words in general; simultaneously, they should also make links between known and new vocabulary and discuss the shades of meaning in similar words. In this way, pupils expand the vocabulary choices that are available to them when they write. In addition, it is vital for pupils comprehension that they understand the meanings of words they meet in their reading across all subjects, and older pupils should be taught the meaning of instruction verbs that they may meet in examination questions. It is particularly important to induct pupils into the language that defines each subject in its own right, such as accurate mathematical and scientific language. Teachers should use every relevant subject to develop pupils mathematical fluency. Confidence in numeracy and other mathematical skills is a precondition of success across the national curriculum. Teachers should develop pupils numeracy and mathematical reasoning in all subjects so that they understand and appreciate the importance of mathematics. Pupils should be taught to apply arithmetic fluently to problems, understand and use measures, make estimates and sense check their work. Pupils should apply their geometric and algebraic understanding, and relate their understanding of probability to the notions of risk and uncertainty. They should also understand the cycle of collecting, presenting and analysing data. They should be taught to apply their mathematics to both routine and non-routine problems, including breaking down more complex problems into a series of simpler steps. History The Viking and Anglo-Saxon struggle for the Kingdom of England to the time of Edward the Confessor. 3 Connected Geography: Key Stage 2 (Years 5 and 6) Key question: How do volcanoes affect the lives of people on Hiemaey?
18 Key Question: How do volcanoes affect the lives of people on Hiemaey? Explore the requirements of plants for life and growth (air, light, water, nutrients from soil, and room to grow) and how they vary from plant to plant. Compare and group together different kinds of rocks on the basis of their appearance and simple physical properties. Recognise that soils are made from rocks and organic matter. Recognise that environments can change and that this can sometimes pose dangers to living things. Construct and interpret a variety of food chains, identifying producers, predators and prey. Describe the differences in the life cycles of a mammal, an amphibian, an insect and a bird. 4 Connected Geography: Key Stage 2 (Years 5 and 6) Key question: How do volcanoes affect the lives of people on Hiemaey?
19 Key Question: How do volcanoes affect the lives of people on Hiemaey? NOTES Ancillary Question 1: Where does Saethor take his dog Tiry for a walk every day? Ask the pupils if they have a dog in the family or in the families of relatives and friends? Do they take the dog for a walk at any time? Where do they go? What s their favourite walk and which bits of the walk does the dog really appreciate? Now show the pupils the photograph of Saethor out for his daily walk with his dog Tiry in Resource 1. Ask the pupils to describe the walk they think Saethor and Tiry do every day? Encourage speculation and reasoning based on evidence they can see. What is it that they have walked up? Possibly a hill or a mountain. What does the ground appear to be made of? To focus the thinking of pupils here, show them the photographs in Resource 2. This shows the view from the town in the background of the first photograph and Saethor and Tiry are standing right on top of the feature in the background of all three photographs in Resource 2. What is it that they have walked up? If the pupils have not mentioned a volcano at this point then the image in Resource 3 will illicit this. The photograph in Resource 3 shows the same place in So, it s a volcano then. Take time here to discuss with pupils what they understand a volcano to be. What does a volcano do? How does a volcano form? Explain that a volcano is an opening in the Earth s crust that allows red hot (molten) liquid rock from beneath the crust to reach the surface. This molten rock is called magma when it is beneath the surface and lava when it erupts and flows from a volcano. Along with lava, volcanoes also release gases, ash and rock. It s a super-hot mix that can be both incredibly destructive and creative. Further background for teachers is at and 5 Connected Geography: Key Stage 2 (Years 5 and 6) Key question: How do volcanoes affect the lives of people on Hiemaey?
20 Teachers Resources Geography: Key Stage 2 Years 5 and 6 Teachers Professional Development Programme Enquiry 1: How do volcanoes affect the lives of people on Hiemaey? Author: David Weatherly Connecting the curriculum through enquiry based learning
21 Resource 2: Saethor and Tiry s walk 1 David Weatherly Connected Geography: Key Stage 2 (Years 5 and 6) Resource Files: How do volcanoes affect the lives of people on Hiemaey? 4 Resource 1: Saethor and Tiry David Weatherly Connected Geography: Key Stage 2 (Years 5 and 6) Resource Files: How do volcanoes affect the lives of people on Hiemaey? 3
22 Resource 2: Saethor and Tiry s walk 3 David Weatherly Resource 2: Saethor and Tiry s walk 2 Connected Geography: Key Stage 2 (Years 5 and 6) Resource Files: How do volcanoes affect the lives of people on Hiemaey? 5 6 Connected Geography: Key Stage 2 (Years 5 and 6) Resource Files: How do volcanoes affect the lives of people on Hiemaey? David Weatherly
23 Resource 3: The view in 1973 FLPA / Alamy Stock Photo 7 Connected Geography: Key Stage 2 (Years 5 and 6) Resource Files: How do volcanoes affect the lives of people on Hiemaey?
24 Key Question: How do volcanoes affect the lives of people on Hiemaey? Further reading Collins Big Cat has books for every child in the classroom with a wide variety of genres, top authors, relevant topics and a range of engaging formats and illustrative styles. Listed below is a selection of from the Big Cat list to support the enquiry topics in Connected Geography for KS1. Find out more at Collins Big Cat ISBN: Fragile Earth Claire Llewellyn ISBN: Volcanoes Emily Dodd Collins Primary Geography provides a progressive, skills based scheme for primary school pupils. ISBN: Primary Geography Pupil Book 3 Investigation Stephen Scoffham and Colin Bridge ISBN: Primary Geography Pupil Book 4 Movement Stephen Scoffham and Colin Bridge ISBN: Primary Geography Pupil Book 5 Change Stephen Scoffham and Colin Bridge ISBN: Primary Geography Pupil Book 6 Issues Stephen Scoffham and Colin Bridge ISBN: Primary Geography Interactive resources Connected Geography: Key Stage 2 (Years 5 and 6) Key question: How do volcanoes affect the lives of people on Hiemaey?
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St Joseph s R.C. Primary School Policy for Geography 2016-2017 This policy is written with consideration to our school commitment to the Rights of the Child and our achievement of becoming a Rights Respecting
Geography Programmes of study for Key Stages 1-3 February 2013 Contents Purpose of study 3 Aims 3 Attainment targets 3 Subject content 4 Key Stage 1 4 Key Stage 2 5 Key Stage 3 6 2 Purpose of study A high-quality
HOLY CROSS CATHOLIC PRIMARY SCHOOL Geography Policy Date Implemented Jan 17 Review Date Jan 22 Mission Statement Holy Cross Primary School is a Catholic School. We seek to provide a broad, balanced Christian
Subject Progression Map On website Subject Name: Geography Vision-Taken from the National Curriculum A high-quality geography education should inspire in pupils a curiosity and fascination about the world
St John s Catholic Primary School Geography Policy Mission Statement We at St John s strive for excellence in education by providing a safe, secure and caring family environment where individuals are valued
Pikes Lane Primary School Geography Statement of Practice Subject Leader: Mrs Cawley Subject Link Governor: Mr Scholar & Mrs Azad Last Updated: September 2016 Review Date: September 2017 Aims and objectives
Tuition, Medical and Behaviour Support Service Curriculum Policy - Primary Geography Reviewed: October 2018 Next Review: October 2019 Responsibility: Andrea Snow AIMS AND PRINCIPLES The national curriculum
Geograhy Curriculum Cropwell Bishop Primary School Range of Opportunities Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 All Key Stage 1 Key Stage 2 Investigate the countries and capitals of the United Kingdom.
Geography Policy 2014 DEFINITION Geography education should inspire in pupils a curiosity and fascination about the world and its people that will remain with them for the rest of their lives. Teaching
Geography Policy Introduction Geography at St. Aloysius Federation School teaches an understanding of places and environments and aims to inspire a curiosity and fascination about the world and its people.
Geography Long Term Plan 2018 Geography Co-ordinator: Megan Frost A high-quality geography education should inspire in pupils a curiosity and fascination about the world and its people that will remain
Geography Purpose A high-quality geography education should inspire in pupils a curiosity and fascination about the world and its people that will remain with them for the rest of their lives. Teaching
Option 1 Complete Geography Overview: Year 1 to Year 6 Autumn Term Spring Term Summer Term Year 1 Where do I live? Around the World The Four Seasons Year 2 At the Farm Let s go on Safari My World and Me
Status-Recommended Prepared by: Megha Visavadia Date written January 2017 Shared with staff: Spring 2017 STAG LANE JUNIOR SCHOOL GEOGRAPHY POLICY Shared with governors: Spring 2018 Date for review: July
Geography Route Planner Introduction to Route Planners Route Planners outline the Key Stages 1-3 curriculum to be taught within each campus of the Bury St Edmunds Trust. Each Route Planner has been designed
Long Term Objective Organisation for Geography Please note that only statutory requirements should be included in this document; any supplementary guidance and information should be retained by Subject
Mile Post 1 Use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the UK and its countries, as well as the countries, continents and oceans studied at this key stage Key Skills IPC learning Goals 1.11 Be able
Geography Progression This document aims to track expectations for History within George Grenville Academy. What the National Curriculum says: KS1: Locational Knowledge: Name and locate the world s 7 continents
Geography Policy for Hertsmere Jewish Primary School Reviewed by: L Rubin Reviewed on: September 2017 Date of Next Review: September 2018 Policy Review This policy will be reviewed in full by the Governing
St. James C of E Primary School Geography Policy St. James C of E Primary School Geography Policy Written by: Lisa Harford Written: April 2016 Reviewed: April 2018 1. Introduction Geography is concerned
HAREWOOD JUNIOR SCHOOL KEY SKILLS Geography Purpose of study A high-quality geography education should inspire in pupils a curiosity and fascination about the world and its people that will remain with
Walworth Primary School Date: April 2016 Revision Due: April 2017 Ref: L.Smith Geography Policy 1 Geography Policy Introduction A high quality geography education should inspire in pupils a curiosity and
Geography Long Term Plan Autumn Spring Summer Year 1 Working Scientifically covered throughout the year Location Geography of UK Name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital
Year 1 and 2 - *Year 1 and 2 work on a two year cycle due to mixed classes Autumn 1 National Curriculum link: Human and physical geography - identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom
GEOGRAPHY AUTUMN TERM SPRING TERM SUMMER TERM Year 1 Hunting and Hiding Me and My Wonderful World Beside The Sea identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot
Geography Skills Progression Eden Park Primary School Academy In order to ensure broad and balanced coverage, we follow these principles: Within each phase, geography is a driver for at least 3 Learning
2016-2017 Autumn People and : 30-50 Show interest in the lives of people who are familiar to them. Shows interest in different occupations. Remembers and talks significant events in their own experience.
Roman Road Primary School Policy for Geography Reviewed May 2017 Next Review May 2018 POLICY FOR GEOGRAPHY Document Purpose This policy reflects the values, ethos and philosophy of Roman Road Primary School
Autumn 1 Autumn 2 Spring 1 Spring 2 Summer 1 Summer 2 Main Objectives /Skills Main Objectives /Skills Main Objectives /Skills Main Objectives /Skills Main Objectives /Skills Main Objectives /Skills Foundation
GEOGRAPHY CURRICULUM OVERVIEW Geographical knowledge Progression Statement Autumn Spring Summer Year 1 UK and Local Area: Physical Themes: Name, locate and identify characteristics of the 4 countries and
Zetland Primary School GEOGRAPHY POLICY INTRODUCTION Zetland Primary School follows the new Primary Curriculum Framework introduced in September 2014. This policy outlines the teaching, organisation and
Nursery Geography Overview Autumn Spring Summer Notices detailed features of objects in their environment. Comments and asks questions about aspects of their familiar world such as the place where they
Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 Expectations at end of key stage Location knowledge the countries of Europe? countries in Europe, environmental regions? countries in Europe, key physical and human characteristics?
Geography Progression of Knowledge, Understanding and Skills WIJPS Geography inspires pupils to delve deeper and with more curiosity and fascination into the world around them and its people. The knowledge
Geography Curriculum Policy Subject Leader: Jo Hamill From: September 2016 The Purpose of the Policy At Winlaton West Lane Primary, we aim to deliver a high-quality Geography education should inspire in
Year 3 The Ancient Egyptians Spring Term Art Design and Technology Geography History Science National Curriculum Pupils should be taught: to create sketch books to record their observations and use them
Year 3/4 Key Skills to be covered, taken from National Curriculum pitching at the correct year group and differentiation within plan for different groups Be specific in the key skills, and make them more
Geography Programme of study for key stage 3 and attainment target (This is an extract from The National Curriculum 2007) Crown copyright 2007 Qualifications and Curriculum Authority 2007 Curriculum aims
NEWHAM BRIDGE PRIMARY SCHOOL FOUNDATION SUBJECTS CURRICULUM AND ASSESSMENT DOCUMENT GEOGRAPHY Y1 Geography Curriculum Y1 Geography A.R.E Locational language: hills, beach, forest, town, country, address,
Key Skills to be covered: Taken from Level 3 Taken from Level 4 Geographical Enquiry: I ask, Which PHYSICAL features does this place have? I ask, Which HUMAN features does this place have? I give reasons
WHITEHILLS PRIMARY SCHOOL putting children first. GEOGRAPHY POLICY Reviewed and agreed by Governors January 2015 1 Introduction This policy outlines the teaching, organisation and management of the geography
Curriculum and Assessment in Geography at KS3 Curriculum Statement: Geography The world as we know it is not given and it can and it will change. - Lambert et al. Powerful Knowledge in Geography Geography
Geography Curriculum Content Key Stage 1 and 2 2017-2018 Curriculum Content Year 1 The content for Year 1 is detailed below: WHAT ARE SEASONS? WHAT SIT LIKE WHERE WE LIVE? WHERE DO DIFFERENT ANIMALS LIVE?
Brambleside Primary School Year 3/4 Topic Overview CYCLE A National Curriculum ref. Map Reading 1. Locate World s countries with a focus on Europe. 2. Geographical features and changes over time of the
Class 4J Autumn Term 2002 Geography St. Lucia Geography Unit 10 incorporating some elements of Unit 25 ABOUT THE UNIT In this unit children develop ideas about a less economically developed country. When
[August 2012] Content exemplars 1. Broad description of the content: Single paragraph, written with technical precision Content rigour (avoiding generic statements) Identifying the core of essential knowledge
New Curriculum Holy Trinity CE Primary Academy 2013-14 Subject: Geography Skills: Progression of skills in Geography Geographical enquiry Teacher led enquiries, to ask and respond to simple closed questions.
History and Geography History: The aim of history teaching at Dartford Primary Academy is to stimulate the children s interest and facilitate their understanding about the life of people who lived in the
HUMANITIES POLICY Reviewed policy shared with staff on: Autumn 2016 Policy to be reviewed again on: Autumn 2018 Committee responsible for review: Learning and Achievement Castilion Primary School HUMANITIES
History and Geography Year One (NC objectives are for all of KS1) Statutory requirements for Geography Locational knowledge cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas Place knowledge human and
Skills Locational Knowledge Geography Progression in Skills Key Stage One Children needing support to achieve key skills Children surpassing key skills To understand that the world extends outside their
Walsham le Willows Church of England Voluntary Controlled Primary School Humanities Policy Introduction At Walsham-le-Willows CEVC Primary School, Humanities is taught through a topic approach. This policy
Landmarks Paula Owens Geography teaching resource 5 7 years This is one of a series of teaching resources for use with Digimap for Schools. For more details about this service, visit http://digimapforschools.edina.ac.uk
Coniston Primary School Curriculum Map Year 6 Term 1 Term 2 PSHE Science Geography See Jigsaw Living things & habitats: describe how living things are classified into broad groups according to common observable
HOMEWORK CURRICULUM Geography 2013-2014 Year 7 Term 1 Weather and Climate (will run 2-3 weeks into term 2) Make a mini weather station. Record the weather daily for 3 weeks Write a report on what the data
Tarpey What is your curriculum statement for each key stage? KS3- Students will study a range of Human and Physical themes throughout Year 7 whilst developing a range of key geographical skills. All students
TMBSS Geography Department Our Geography Curriculum Key Stage 3 TMBSS Geography Department Key Stage 3 Curriculum for Geography Purpose of study: A high-quality geography education should inspire in pupils
Year 5/6 Key Skills to be covered, taken from Lancashire Key Learning Document pitching at the correct year group and differentiation within plan for different groups Be specific in the key skills, and
Subject: Geography Scheme of Work: B1 to B6 Mastery tiles Term: Autumn/Spring/Summer Topic / Unit(s) Overview / Context Introduction to geography. An introduction to geography including basic map skills
Class 4J Spring Term 2003 Geography Irian Jaya/Papua New Guinea Geography Unit 10 incorporating some elements of Unit 25 ABOUT THE UNIT In this unit children develop ideas about a less economically developed
Brookburn Community Primary School Policy for Geography POLICY FOR GEOGRAPHY Document Purpose This document reflects the values and philosophy of Brookburn Primary School in relation to the teaching and
Year 5 Autumn Spring Summer Topic Freedom of the Seas Material World Awesome Earth Egyptian Encryption All the World s a Stage All Change at Crewe Art D and T observations and use of art and design techniques,
Roseberry Primary School Curriculum planning Lead Question: What s so amazing about America? National Curriculum driver: Geography Rationale statement: In this study about the amazing Americas, children
Learning challenge topic map New curriculum 2014 Learning priorities In formulating Gawthorpe Academy s response to the New Primary Curriculum, we took into account our key learning priorities. - Engaging
KS2 GEOGRAPHY & HISTORY CURRICULUM OVERVIEW AUTUMN 1 AUTUMN 2 SPRING 1 SPRING 2 SUMMER 1 SUMMER 2 YEAR A (2013-14) Marvellous Me The Vile Victorians Water, Water Every where Caribbean Cocktail (Jamaica)
LOUISIANA STUDENT STANDARDS FOR SOCIAL STUDIES THAT CORRELATE WITH A FIELD TRIP TO DESTREHAN PLANTATION KINDERGARTEN Standard 2 Historical Thinking Skills Students distinguish between events, people, and
Primary Connected Geography key stage 1 and 2 Teachers Professional Development Programme Author: David Weatherly About Connected Geography Connected Geography has been very carefully designed and resourced
Using OS Resources - A fieldwork activity for Key Stage 2 Liz Spincer, Saltford CE Primary School Outline of the fieldwork project: This series of activities was designed to illustrate how Primary School
Geography Locate the world's countries, with a focus on Europe and countries of particular interest to pupils. Locate the world's countries, with focus on North and South America and countries of particular
Curriculum links National Curriculum Geography: Geographical enquiry and skills, Knowledge and understanding of places, Knowledge and understanding of patterns and processes, Knowledge and understanding
2002 HSC Notes from the Marking Centre Geography 2003 Copyright Board of Studies NSW for and on behalf of the Crown in right of the State of New South Wales. This document contains Material prepared by
Geography Curriculum Key Stage 1 Year 1 In the first term, students explore a variety of maps of the local environment, including the Academy grounds. They use a paper location to plan a route. They also
Medium Term Planning History And Geography focus with Art and DT as Secondary Subjects Term and Year: Summer term Year 5&6 Teacher: Mrs Appleby Topic: Extreme Earth Key question(s): What makes Earth angry?
Standard 1: The World in Spatial Terms Students will use maps, globes, atlases, and grid-referenced technologies, such as remote sensing, Geographic Information Systems (GIS), and Global Positioning Systems
Your web browser (Safari 7) is out of date. For more security, comfort and lesson the best experience on this site: Update your browser Ignore Political Borders Why are the borders of countries located
Geographical knowledge and understanding scope and sequence: Foundation to Year 10 Foundation Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 Year level focus People live in places Places have distinctive features
Edexcel GCSE Comparing the 2012 AQA GCSE specification with the new 2016 Edexcel specification This document is designed to help you compare the existing 2012 AQA GCSE specification (9030) with the new