# CHAPTER-11 CLIMATE AND RAINFALL

Size: px
Start display at page:

Transcription

1 CHAPTER-11 CLIMATE AND RAINFALL 2.1 Climate Climate in a narrow sense is usually defined as the "average weather", or more rigorously, as the statistical description in terms of the mean and variability of relevant quantities over a period ranging from months to thousands or millions of years. These quantities are often surface variables such as temperature, precipitation and wind. The climate of the area has been classified based on the Thornthwaite's climatic classification (Thornthwaite, 1948). He used the terms precipitation effectiveness (P-E index) and temperature efficiency (T-E index) in his classification and developed the following formulae to express the P-E and T-E indices in terms of precipitation and temperature. P-E Index: I = Sum of twelve monthly values of 115 (P/T-10)10/9 (2.1) where, P = mean monthly precipitation in inches T = mean monthly temperature in F T-E Index: I = Sum of twelve monthly values of (T-32/4) (2.2) where, T = mean monthly temperature in F In the present study, the annual P-E and T-E indices have been calculated by using the above Thornthwaite's index formulae from the data (Table. 2.1) collected from IMD. 8

2 Table.2.1 Summary of monthly mean temperature and precipitation of Barak Valley ( ) Month Cachar District Karimganj District Hailakandi District Mean (T) in C Mean (P) Mean (T) in C Mean (P) Mean (T) Mean (P) in mm in mm in C in mm January February March April May June July August September October November December Source : IMD (Hydromet Division) Table.2.2 Precipitation Effective Index (PE) classes as per Thornthwaite's classification Symbol Humidity Province Characteristic Vegetation A Wet Rainforest >= 128 B Humid Forest C Sub-Humid Grassland D Semi-Arid Steppe E Arid Desert <=15 Annual Precipitation Effective Index (PE) Table.2.2(continued) Temperature Efficiency Index (TE) classes as per Thornthwaite's classification Symbol Temperature Provinces T/E Index A' Tropical 127 B' Mesothermal C Microthermal D' Taiga E' Tundra 1-15 F' Frost 0 9

3 The P-E and T-E indices are found to be 140 and 134 respectively for Cachar district, 159 and 131 respectively for Karimganj district and 112 and 137 respectively for Hailakandi district. As per classification criteria (Thornthwaite, 1948), these values indicate that the climate of the area is megathermal wet climate with rainforest type of vegetation (Table.2.2). 2.2 Rainfall To study the rainfall characteristics of Barak valley, rainfall data for the period were collected from IMD. The area receives fairly high amount of precipitation, average annual rainfall being 2607 mm. The annual and mean monthly rainfall of the rain gauge stations are given in Table: 2.3 The highest average annual rainfall was recorded at Karimganj district, being 2925 mm and the lowest recorded at Hailakandi district, being 2229 mm. Sixty five percent of annual rainfall is received during the monsoon season, i.e. June to September. The highest mean monthly rainfall is 682mm, which occurs during the month of June. The distribution of mean monthly rainfall is almost same every year i.e. amount of rainfall gradually increases from March onwards, reaches maximum during June or July, and thereafter decreases gradually and finally becomes scanty to almost negligible during December to February. The Co-efficient of rainfall variation and standard deviation of the stations have been worked out and are shown in the Table.2.3. The coefficient of variation is low in Cachar district (12.5) and high in Karimganj district (31.08). From the table it is also observed that rainfall is quite stable as the periods of above and below average rainfall are almost equal. 10

4 Table.2.3 Rainfall Characteristics of Barak Valley ( ) Co-Efficient of variation Standard Deviation Number of years above Number of years below Average Rainfall Minimum recorded average average on L'LZ 98'9T9 j m m CM CM CM ZV6ZZZ Station Maximum recorded Cachar Hailakandi Karimganj I Annual ZT6ZZZ Dec o Nov Oct Sep &D 3 < "5 <N O d us oon Jan Jun Feb May Apr Table.2.3 (Continued) Mar 1' ZVS ZVO Station Cachar Hailakandi Karimganj Average % Distrbtn

5 evaporation from soils. Conceptually, potential evapotarnspiration (PET) is the upper limit of evapotranspiration. Estimation of PET is important to understand the water budget. PET of an area is estimated by Thornthwaite's method. Thornthwaite (1948) provided the following formula for computing monthly potential evapotranspiration: e = 1.7 x (10xT/f)a --(23) where, e is unadjusted PET (in cm) per month, considering 30 days a month and 12 hour of possible sunshine per day. T = Mean Air Temperature ( C) / = Annual Heat Index (summation of /for 12 months) / = (T/5)1514 (2.4) a = An empirical exponent computed by the following formula a = / / (2.5) Michael (1978) suggested a latitude adjustment factor, K, so that adjusted PET (in mm) can be expressed as PET = k x e x 10 (2.6) Considering normal temperature values (Table:2.1), / and a are computed to be and 5.41 respectively for Cachar district, and 4.76 respectively for Karimganj district and and 6.35 respectively for Hailakandi district. Considering k as 0.9 (for latitude) the results are summarized in Table

6 Table.2.5 Computation of Potential Evapotranspiration (Thornthwaite's method) for Cachar District Month Mean T C T/5 i e PET (mm) January February March April May June July August September October November December Moisture deficit Soil Moisture Accretion Soil Moisture Utilisation Fig.2.2 PET - Rainfall relationship, Cachar District 15

7 Table.2.6 Computation of Potential Evapotranspiration (Thornthwaite's method) for Karimganj District Month Mean T C T/5 i e PET (mm) January February March April May June July August September October November December <;<n 700 «TmO 400 Rainfall'mm > PETimmj 100 Moisture Deficit Soil Moisture Accretion Soil Moisture Utilization Fig.2.3 PET - Rainfall relationship, Karimganj District 16

8 Table.2.7 Computation of Potential Evapotranspiration (Thornthwaite's method) for Hailakandi District Month Mean T C T/5 i e PET (mm) January February March April May June July August September October November December P ai nfall* m n > PET-inmi Moisture Deficit Soil Moisture Accretion Soil Moisture Utilisation Fig.2.4 PET - Rainfall relationship, Hailakandi District 17

9 From the PET - Rainfall relationship of Cachar, Karimganj and Hailakandi district it is observed that precipitation exceeds potential evapotranspiration from the end of March till the end of November, indicating surplus moisture for surface run-off and ground water recharge. From the beginning of December to the middle of March PET exceeds precipitation. During this period plants use water stored in the soil. When precipitation exceeds PET for the first time during the end of March, rain water is used mainly to recharge the soil water to field capacity. Only after recharge of soil water by mid April significant run-off is observed. Therefore, it can be concluded that there is much scope for ground water recharge during April to November. 18

### Chiang Rai Province CC Threat overview AAS1109 Mekong ARCC

Chiang Rai Province CC Threat overview AAS1109 Mekong ARCC This threat overview relies on projections of future climate change in the Mekong Basin for the period 2045-2069 compared to a baseline of 1980-2005.

### Geostatistical Analysis of Rainfall Temperature and Evaporation Data of Owerri for Ten Years

Atmospheric and Climate Sciences, 2012, 2, 196-205 http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/acs.2012.22020 Published Online April 2012 (http://www.scirp.org/journal/acs) Geostatistical Analysis of Rainfall Temperature

### Chapter-3 GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION, CLIMATE AND SOIL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE STUDY SITE

Chapter-3 GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION, CLIMATE AND SOIL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE STUDY SITE Chapter-3 GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION, CLIMATE AND SOIL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE STUDY SITE Assam, the eastern most state of

### WHEN IS IT EVER GOING TO RAIN? Table of Average Annual Rainfall and Rainfall For Selected Arizona Cities

WHEN IS IT EVER GOING TO RAIN? Table of Average Annual Rainfall and 2001-2002 Rainfall For Selected Arizona Cities Phoenix Tucson Flagstaff Avg. 2001-2002 Avg. 2001-2002 Avg. 2001-2002 October 0.7 0.0

### Global Climates. Name Date

Global Climates Name Date No investigation of the atmosphere is complete without examining the global distribution of the major atmospheric elements and the impact that humans have on weather and climate.

### The Global Scope of Climate. The Global Scope of Climate. Keys to Climate. Chapter 8

The Global Scope of Climate Chapter 8 The Global Scope of Climate In its most general sense, climate is the average weather of a region, but except where conditions change very little during the course

### The Climate of Bryan County

The Climate of Bryan County Bryan County is part of the Crosstimbers throughout most of the county. The extreme eastern portions of Bryan County are part of the Cypress Swamp and Forest. Average annual

### The Climate of Kiowa County

The Climate of Kiowa County Kiowa County is part of the Central Great Plains, encompassing some of the best agricultural land in Oklahoma. Average annual precipitation ranges from about 24 inches in northwestern

### The Climate of Marshall County

The Climate of Marshall County Marshall County is part of the Crosstimbers. This region is a transition region from the Central Great Plains to the more irregular terrain of southeastern Oklahoma. Average

### Variability of Reference Evapotranspiration Across Nebraska

Know how. Know now. EC733 Variability of Reference Evapotranspiration Across Nebraska Suat Irmak, Extension Soil and Water Resources and Irrigation Specialist Kari E. Skaggs, Research Associate, Biological

Drought in Southeast Colorado Nolan Doesken and Roger Pielke, Sr. Colorado Climate Center Prepared by Tara Green and Odie Bliss http://climate.atmos.colostate.edu 1 Historical Perspective on Drought Tourism

### The Climate of Grady County

The Climate of Grady County Grady County is part of the Central Great Plains, encompassing some of the best agricultural land in Oklahoma. Average annual precipitation ranges from about 33 inches in northern

### The Climate of Pontotoc County

The Climate of Pontotoc County Pontotoc County is part of the Crosstimbers. This region is a transition region from the Central Great Plains to the more irregular terrain of southeast Oklahoma. Average

### Jackson County 2013 Weather Data

Jackson County 2013 Weather Data 61 Years of Weather Data Recorded at the UF/IFAS Marianna North Florida Research and Education Center Doug Mayo Jackson County Extension Director 1952-2008 Rainfall Data

### Study of Hydrometeorology in a Hard Rock Terrain, Kadirischist Belt Area, Anantapur District, Andhra Pradesh

Open Journal of Geology, 2012, 2, 294-300 http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ojg.2012.24028 Published Online October 2012 (http://www.scirp.org/journal/ojg) Study of Hydrometeorology in a Hard Rock Terrain, Kadirischist

### The Climate of Payne County

The Climate of Payne County Payne County is part of the Central Great Plains in the west, encompassing some of the best agricultural land in Oklahoma. Payne County is also part of the Crosstimbers in the

### Changing Hydrology under a Changing Climate for a Coastal Plain Watershed

Changing Hydrology under a Changing Climate for a Coastal Plain Watershed David Bosch USDA-ARS, Tifton, GA Jeff Arnold ARS Temple, TX and Peter Allen Baylor University, TX SEWRU Objectives 1. Project changes

### The Climate of Seminole County

The Climate of Seminole County Seminole County is part of the Crosstimbers. This region is a transition region from the Central Great Plains to the more irregular terrain of southeastern Oklahoma. Average

### The Climate of Murray County

The Climate of Murray County Murray County is part of the Crosstimbers. This region is a transition between prairies and the mountains of southeastern Oklahoma. Average annual precipitation ranges from

### The Climate of Haskell County

The Climate of Haskell County Haskell County is part of the Hardwood Forest. The Hardwood Forest is characterized by its irregular landscape and the largest lake in Oklahoma, Lake Eufaula. Average annual

### PREDICTING SOIL SUCTION PROFILES USING PREVAILING WEATHER

PREDICTING SOIL SUCTION PROFILES USING PREVAILING WEATHER Ronald F. Reed, P.E. Member, ASCE rreed@reed-engineering.com Reed Engineering Group, Ltd. 2424 Stutz, Suite 4 Dallas, Texas 723 214-3-6 Abstract

### The Climate of Texas County

The Climate of Texas County Texas County is part of the Western High Plains in the north and west and the Southwestern Tablelands in the east. The Western High Plains are characterized by abundant cropland

### Canada only has 7 of these biomes. Which biome do you think does not exist in Canada and why?

Climate Zones and Biomes There are 8 defined biomes Permanent ice Tundra Boreal Forest Temperate deciduous forest Temperate rainforest Grassland Desert Tropical rainforest What is a biome? a major biotic

### 2003 Water Year Wrap-Up and Look Ahead

2003 Water Year Wrap-Up and Look Ahead Nolan Doesken Colorado Climate Center Prepared by Odie Bliss http://ccc.atmos.colostate.edu Colorado Average Annual Precipitation Map South Platte Average Precipitation

### Analysis of Rainfall and Other Weather Parameters under Climatic Variability of Parbhani ( )

International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences ISSN: 2319-7706 Volume 7 Number 06 (2018) Journal homepage: http://www.ijcmas.com Original Research Article https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.706.295

### Physical Geography Lab Activity #16

Physical Geography Lab Activity #16 Due date Name California Climate Classification COR Objective 6, SLO 3 16.1. Introduction One of the most important factors in the physical geography of a place is its

### Three main areas of work:

Task 2: Climate Information 1 Task 2: Climate Information Three main areas of work: Collect historical and projected weather and climate data Conduct storm surge and wave modeling, sea-level rise (SLR)

### Technical Note: Hydrology of the Lukanga Swamp, Zambia

Technical Note: Hydrology of the Lukanga Swamp, Zambia Matthew McCartney July 7 Description The Lukanga swamp is located approximately 5km west of the city of Kabwe, in the Central province of Zambia,

### Jackson County 2014 Weather Data

Jackson County 2014 Weather Data 62 Years of Weather Data Recorded at the UF/IFAS Marianna North Florida Research and Education Center Doug Mayo Jackson County Extension Director 1952-2008 Rainfall Data

### Jackson County 2018 Weather Data 67 Years of Weather Data Recorded at the UF/IFAS Marianna North Florida Research and Education Center

Jackson County 2018 Weather Data 67 Years of Weather Data Recorded at the UF/IFAS Marianna North Florida Research and Education Center Doug Mayo Jackson County Extension Director 1952-2008 Rainfall Data

### Average temperature ( F) World Climate Zones. very cold all year with permanent ice and snow. very cold winters, cold summers, and little rain or snow

P r e v i e w Look carefully at the climagraph of Mumbai, India. What is the wettest month (or months) in Mumbai? What is the driest month (or months) in Mumbai? What effects might this city s climate

### Colorado s 2003 Moisture Outlook

Colorado s 2003 Moisture Outlook Nolan Doesken and Roger Pielke, Sr. Colorado Climate Center Prepared by Tara Green and Odie Bliss http://climate.atmos.colostate.edu How we got into this drought! Fort

### Energy Systems, Structures and Processes Essential Standard: Analyze patterns of global climate change over time Learning Objective: Differentiate

Energy Systems, Structures and Processes Essential Standard: Analyze patterns of global climate change over time Learning Objective: Differentiate between weather and climate Global Climate Focus Question

### Plant Water Stress Frequency and Periodicity in Western North Dakota

Plant Water Stress Frequency and Periodicity in Western North Dakota Llewellyn L. Manske PhD, Sheri Schneider, John A. Urban, and Jeffery J. Kubik Report DREC 10-1077 Range Research Program Staff North

### Memo. I. Executive Summary. II. ALERT Data Source. III. General System-Wide Reporting Summary. Date: January 26, 2009 To: From: Subject:

Memo Date: January 26, 2009 To: From: Subject: Kevin Stewart Markus Ritsch 2010 Annual Legacy ALERT Data Analysis Summary Report I. Executive Summary The Urban Drainage and Flood Control District (District)

### Technical Note: Hydrology of the Lake Chilwa wetland, Malawi

Technical Note: Hydrology of the Lake Chilwa wetland, Malawi Matthew McCartney June 27 Description Lake Chilwa is located in the Southern region of Malawi on the country s eastern boarder with Mozambique

### Analysis of Historical Pattern of Rainfall in the Western Region of Bangladesh

24 25 April 214, Asian University for Women, Bangladesh Analysis of Historical Pattern of Rainfall in the Western Region of Bangladesh Md. Tanvir Alam 1*, Tanni Sarker 2 1,2 Department of Civil Engineering,

### Champaign-Urbana 2000 Annual Weather Summary

Champaign-Urbana 2000 Annual Weather Summary ILLINOIS STATE WATER SURVEY 2204 Griffith Dr. Champaign, IL 61820 wxobsrvr@sws.uiuc.edu Maria Peters, Weather Observer January: January started on a mild note,

### Champaign-Urbana 2001 Annual Weather Summary

Champaign-Urbana 2001 Annual Weather Summary ILLINOIS STATE WATER SURVEY 2204 Griffith Dr. Champaign, IL 61820 wxobsrvr@sws.uiuc.edu Maria Peters, Weather Observer January: After a cold and snowy December,

### P7: Limiting Factors in Ecosystems

P7: Limiting Factors in Ecosystems Purpose To understand that physical factors temperature and precipitation limit the growth of vegetative ecosystems Overview Students correlate graphs of vegetation vigor

### 2003 Moisture Outlook

2003 Moisture Outlook Nolan Doesken and Roger Pielke, Sr. Colorado Climate Center Prepared by Tara Green and Odie Bliss http://climate.atmos.colostate.edu Through 1999 Through 1999 Fort Collins Total Water

### Statistical Analysis of Temperature and Rainfall Trend in Raipur District of Chhattisgarh

Current World Environment Vol. 10(1), 305-312 (2015) Statistical Analysis of Temperature and Rainfall Trend in Raipur District of Chhattisgarh R. Khavse*, R. Deshmukh, N. Manikandan, J. L Chaudhary and

### Physical Features of Monsoon Asia. 192 Unit 7 Teachers Curriculum Institute 60 N 130 E 140 E 150 E 60 E 50 N 160 E 40 N 30 N 150 E.

50 N 60 E 70 E 80 E 90 E 100 E 60 N 110 E 120 E 130 E 140 E 150 E 50 N 160 E 40 N 40 N 30 N 60 E 30 N 150 E Tropic of Cancer 20 N Tropic of Cancer 20 N 10 N 10 N 0 Equator 0 Equator 10 S 10 S 0 500 1,000

### A Report on a Statistical Model to Forecast Seasonal Inflows to Cowichan Lake

A Report on a Statistical Model to Forecast Seasonal Inflows to Cowichan Lake Prepared by: Allan Chapman, MSc, PGeo Hydrologist, Chapman Geoscience Ltd., and Former Head, BC River Forecast Centre Victoria

### P7.7 A CLIMATOLOGICAL STUDY OF CLOUD TO GROUND LIGHTNING STRIKES IN THE VICINITY OF KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLORIDA

P7.7 A CLIMATOLOGICAL STUDY OF CLOUD TO GROUND LIGHTNING STRIKES IN THE VICINITY OF KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLORIDA K. Lee Burns* Raytheon, Huntsville, Alabama Ryan K. Decker NASA, Marshall Space Flight

### November 2018 Weather Summary West Central Research and Outreach Center Morris, MN

November 2018 Weather Summary Lower than normal temperatures occurred for the second month. The mean temperature for November was 22.7 F, which is 7.2 F below the average of 29.9 F (1886-2017). This November

### REDWOOD VALLEY SUBAREA

Independent Science Review Panel Conceptual Model of Watershed Hydrology, Surface Water and Groundwater Interactions and Stream Ecology for the Russian River Watershed Appendices A-1 APPENDIX A A-2 REDWOOD

### Funding provided by NOAA Sectoral Applications Research Project CLIMATE. Basic Climatology Colorado Climate Center

Funding provided by NOAA Sectoral Applications Research Project CLIMATE Basic Climatology Colorado Climate Center Remember These? Factor 1: Our Energy Source Factor 2: Revolution & Tilt Factor 3: Rotation!

### YACT (Yet Another Climate Tool)? The SPI Explorer

YACT (Yet Another Climate Tool)? The SPI Explorer Mike Crimmins Assoc. Professor/Extension Specialist Dept. of Soil, Water, & Environmental Science The University of Arizona Yes, another climate tool for

### PRELIMINARY DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES

Memorandum To: David Thompson From: John Haapala CC: Dan McDonald Bob Montgomery Date: February 24, 2003 File #: 1003551 Re: Lake Wenatchee Historic Water Levels, Operation Model, and Flood Operation This

### 8.1 Attachment 1: Ambient Weather Conditions at Jervoise Bay, Cockburn Sound

8.1 Attachment 1: Ambient Weather Conditions at Jervoise Bay, Cockburn Sound Cockburn Sound is 20km south of the Perth-Fremantle area and has two features that are unique along Perth s metropolitan coast

### January 25, Summary

January 25, 2013 Summary Precipitation since the December 17, 2012, Drought Update has been slightly below average in parts of central and northern Illinois and above average in southern Illinois. Soil

### Local Ctimatotogical Data Summary White Hall, Illinois

SWS Miscellaneous Publication 98-5 STATE OF ILLINOIS DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY AND NATURAL RESOURCES Local Ctimatotogical Data Summary White Hall, Illinois 1901-1990 by Audrey A. Bryan and Wayne Armstrong Illinois

### Jackson County 2019 Weather Data 68 Years of Weather Data Recorded at the UF/IFAS Marianna North Florida Research and Education Center

Jackson County 2019 Weather Data 68 Years of Weather Data Recorded at the UF/IFAS Marianna North Florida Research and Education Center Doug Mayo Jackson County Extension Director 1952-2008 Rainfall Data

### PROJECT REPORT (ASL 720) CLOUD CLASSIFICATION

PROJECT REPORT (ASL 720) CLOUD CLASSIFICATION SUBMITTED BY- PRIYANKA GUPTA 2011CH70177 RINI KAPOOR 2011CH70179 INDIVIDUAL CONTRIBUTION- Priyanka Gupta- analysed data of region considered in India (West:80,

### PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT OF SURFACE WATER RESOURCES - A STUDY FROM DEDURU OYA BASIN OF SRI LANKA

PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT OF SURFACE WATER RESOURCES - A STUDY FROM DEDURU OYA BASIN OF SRI LANKA THUSHARA NAVODANI WICKRAMAARACHCHI Hydrologist, Water Resources Secretariat of Sri Lanka, Room 2-125, BMICH,

### 2015 Fall Conditions Report

2015 Fall Conditions Report Prepared by: Hydrologic Forecast Centre Date: December 21 st, 2015 Table of Contents Table of Figures... ii EXECUTIVE SUMMARY... 1 BACKGROUND... 2 SUMMER AND FALL PRECIPITATION...

### What is happening to the Jamaican climate?

What is happening to the Jamaican climate? Climate Change and Jamaica: Why worry? Climate Studies Group, Mona (CSGM) Department of Physics University of the West Indies, Mona Part 1 RAIN A FALL, BUT DUTTY

### TABLE -I RAINFALL RECORDED AT PORT BLAIR (MM) FROM 1949 TO 2009

A. RAINFALL TABLE -I RAINFALL RECORDED AT PORT BLAIR (MM) FROM 1949 TO 2009 MONTH/YEAR 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 JANUARY 0.0 0.8 82.5 0.0 26.9 37.3 71.4 46.2 10.2 28.7 FEBRUARY

### CAMARGO RANCH, llc. CRAIG BUFORD BufordResources.com

CAMARGO RANCH, llc 2897 +/- acre Wheat & Cattle Farm Mangum, greer county, oklahoma CRAIG BUFORD 405-833-9499 BufordResources.com 4101 Perimeter Center Dr., Suite 107 Oklahoma City, OK 73112 405.833.9499

### Elements of weather and climate Temperature Range of temperature Seasonal temperature pattern Rainfall

Climate Earth Science Chapter 20 Pages 560-573 Elements of weather and climate Temperature Range of temperature Seasonal temperature pattern Rainfall Overall rainfall Seasonal distribution of rainfall

### Range Cattle Research and Education Center January CLIMATOLOGICAL REPORT 2016 Range Cattle Research and Education Center.

1 Range Cattle Research and Education Center January 2017 Research Report RC-2017-1 CLIMATOLOGICAL REPORT 2016 Range Cattle Research and Education Center Brent Sellers Weather conditions strongly influence

### Climate also has a large influence on how local ecosystems have evolved and how we interact with them.

The Mississippi River in a Changing Climate By Paul Lehman, P.Eng., General Manager Mississippi Valley Conservation (This article originally appeared in the Mississippi Lakes Association s 212 Mississippi

### UWM Field Station meteorological data

University of Wisconsin Milwaukee UWM Digital Commons Field Station Bulletins UWM Field Station Spring 992 UWM Field Station meteorological data James W. Popp University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee Follow

### Name the surface winds that blow between 0 and 30. GEO 101, February 25, 2014 Monsoon Global circulation aloft El Niño Atmospheric water

GEO 101, February 25, 2014 Monsoon Global circulation aloft El Niño Atmospheric water Name the surface winds that blow between 0 and 30 What is the atmospheric pressure at 0? What is the atmospheric pressure

### Monthly Long Range Weather Commentary Issued: February 15, 2015 Steven A. Root, CCM, President/CEO

Monthly Long Range Weather Commentary Issued: February 15, 2015 Steven A. Root, CCM, President/CEO sroot@weatherbank.com JANUARY 2015 Climate Highlights The Month in Review During January, the average

### The Climate of Oregon Climate Zone 4 Northern Cascades

/05 E55 Unbound issue No. 9/ is Does not circulate Special Report 916 May 1993 The Climate of Oregon Climate Zone 4 Property of OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY Library Serials Corvallis, OR 97331-4503 Agricultural

### Research note UDC: 911.2:511.58(497.16) DOI:

www.gi.sanu.ac.rs, www.doiserbia.nb.rs, Research note UDC: 911.2:511.58(497.16) DOI: https://doi.org/10.2298/ijgi180423009b INDICATORS OF SPECIFICITY OF CLIMATE: THE EXAMPLE OF PODGORICA (MONTENEGRO) Dragan

### Agricultural Science Climatology Semester 2, Anne Green / Richard Thompson

Agricultural Science Climatology Semester 2, 2006 Anne Green / Richard Thompson http://www.physics.usyd.edu.au/ag/agschome.htm Course Coordinator: Mike Wheatland Course Goals Evaluate & interpret information,

### Determine the trend for time series data

Extra Online Questions Determine the trend for time series data Covers AS 90641 (Statistics and Modelling 3.1) Scholarship Statistics and Modelling Chapter 1 Essent ial exam notes Time series 1. The value

### Interannual variation of MODIS NDVI in Lake Taihu and its relation to climate in submerged macrophyte region

Yale-NUIST Center on Atmospheric Environment Interannual variation of MODIS NDVI in Lake Taihu and its relation to climate in submerged macrophyte region ZhangZhen 2015.07.10 1 Outline Introduction Data

### DROUGHT A WATER SCARCITY CASE STUDY BY STATISTICAL APPROACH

DROUGHT A WATER SCARCITY CASE STUDY BY STATISTICAL APPROACH V.VENKATESAN Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, University College of Engineering, Ariyalur Abstract In spite of the technological

### ZUMWALT WEATHER AND CLIMATE ANNUAL REPORT ( )

ZUMWALT WEATHER AND CLIMATE ANNUAL REPORT (26-29) FINAL DRAFT (9 AUGUST 21) J.D. HANSEN 1, R.V. TAYLOR 2, AND V.S. JANSEN 3 INTRODUCTION The Zumwalt Prairie in northeastern Oregon is a unique grassland

### Climate Variability in South Asia

Climate Variability in South Asia V. Niranjan, M. Dinesh Kumar, and Nitin Bassi Institute for Resource Analysis and Policy Contents Introduction Rainfall variability in South Asia Temporal variability

### PROJECTING THE SOLAR RADIATION IN NASARAWA-NIGERIA USING REITVELD EQUATION

PROJECTING THE SOLAR RADIATION IN NASARAWA-NIGERIA USING REITVELD EQUATION * Benedicta C. Njoku 1, Musibau A. Adesina 2, Eshipemi W. Lukman 3 and Bankole Omojola 4 1,2,3 Mechanical Engineering Department,

### Champaign-Urbana 1998 Annual Weather Summary

Champaign-Urbana 1998 Annual Weather Summary ILLINOIS STATE WATER SURVEY Audrey Bryan, Weather Observer 2204 Griffith Dr. Champaign, IL 61820 wxobsrvr@sparc.sws.uiuc.edu The development of the El Nìno

### CoCoRaHS Monitoring Colorado s s Water Resources through Community Collaborations

CoCoRaHS Monitoring Colorado s s Water Resources through Community Collaborations Nolan Doesken Colorado Climate Center Atmospheric Science Department Colorado State University Presented at Sustaining

### Constructing a typical meteorological year -TMY for Voinesti fruit trees region and the effects of global warming on the orchard ecosystem

Constructing a typical meteorological year -TMY for Voinesti fruit trees region and the effects of global warming on the orchard ecosystem ARMEANU ILEANA*, STĂNICĂ FLORIN**, PETREHUS VIOREL*** *University

### Sierra Weather and Climate Update

Sierra Weather and Climate Update 2014-15 Kelly Redmond Western Regional Climate Center Desert Research Institute Reno Nevada Yosemite Hydroclimate Workshop Yosemite Valley, 2015 October 8-9 Percent of

### Lab Activity: Climate Variables

Name: Date: Period: Water and Climate The Physical Setting: Earth Science Lab Activity: Climate Variables INTRODUCTION:! The state of the atmosphere continually changes over time in response to the uneven

### South & South East Asian Region:

Issued: 15 th December 2017 Valid Period: January June 2018 South & South East Asian Region: Indonesia Tobacco Regions 1 A] Current conditions: 1] El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) ENSO Alert System

### Climate Change and Arizona s Rangelands: Management Challenges and Opportunities

Climate Change and Arizona s Rangelands: Management Challenges and Opportunities Mike Crimmins Climate Science Extension Specialist Dept. of Soil, Water, & Env. Science & Arizona Cooperative Extension

### Stream Discharge and the Water Budget

Regents Earth Science Unit 6: Water Cycle & Climate Name: Lab # Stream Discharge and the Water Budget Introduction: The United States Geological Survey (USGS) measures and publishes values for the daily

### Technical note on seasonal adjustment for M0

Technical note on seasonal adjustment for M0 July 1, 2013 Contents 1 M0 2 2 Steps in the seasonal adjustment procedure 3 2.1 Pre-adjustment analysis............................... 3 2.2 Seasonal adjustment.................................

### Biosphere Organization

Biosphere Organization What is a biome? Biomes refer to a large region or area characterized by the following: 1. A particular climate pattern of the annual temperature and precipitation distribution,

### DROUGHT IN MAINLAND PORTUGAL

DROUGHT IN MAINLAND Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Ensino Superior Instituto de Meteorologia, I. P. Rua C Aeroporto de Lisboa Tel.: (351) 21 844 7000 e-mail:informacoes@meteo.pt 1749-077 Lisboa Portugal

### Monthly Long Range Weather Commentary Issued: NOVEMBER 16, 2015 Steven A. Root, CCM, Chief Analytics Officer, Sr. VP, sales

Monthly Long Range Weather Commentary Issued: NOVEMBER 16, 2015 Steven A. Root, CCM, Chief Analytics Officer, Sr. VP, sales sroot@weatherbank.com OCTOBER 2015 Climate Highlights The Month in Review The

### Drought History. for the Northern Mountains of New Mexico. Prepared by the South Central Climate Science Center in Norman, Oklahoma

Drought History for the Northern Mountains of New Mexico Prepared by the South Central Climate Science Center in Norman, Oklahoma May 28, 2013 southcentralclimate.org info@southcentralclimate.org (This

### What Does It Take to Get Out of Drought?

What Does It Take to Get Out of Drought? Nolan J. Doesken Colorado Climate Center Colorado State University http://ccc.atmos.colostate.edu Presented at the Insects, Diseases and Drought Workshop, May 19,

### Current Climate Trends and Implications

Current Climate Trends and Implications Dr. Mark Seeley Professor emeritus Department of Soil, Water, and Climate University of Minnesota St Paul, MN 55108 Crop Insurance Conference September 12, 2018

### CLIMATOLOGICAL REPORT 2002

Range Cattle Research and Education Center Research Report RC-2003-1 February 2003 CLIMATOLOGICAL REPORT 2002 Range Cattle Research and Education Center R. S. Kalmbacher Professor, IFAS, Range Cattle Research

### APPENDIX G-7 METEROLOGICAL DATA

APPENDIX G-7 METEROLOGICAL DATA METEOROLOGICAL DATA FOR AIR AND NOISE SAMPLING DAYS AT MMR Monthly Normals and Extremes for Honolulu International Airport Table G7-1 MMR RAWS Station Hourly Data Tables

### Rainfall Observations in the Loxahatchee River Watershed

Rainfall Observations in the Loxahatchee River Watershed Richard C. Dent Loxahatchee River District September 1997 Introduction Rain is a common occurrence in south Florida, yet its presence or absence

### A SUMMARY OF RAINFALL AT THE CARNARVON EXPERIMENT STATION,

A SUMMARY OF RAINFALL AT THE CARNARVON EXPERIMENT STATION, 1931-213 J.C.O. Du Toit 1#, L. van den Berg 1 & T.G. O Connor 2 1 Grootfontein Agricultural Development Institute, Private Bag X529, Middelburg

### Table 1 - Infiltration Rates

Stantec Consulting Ltd. 100-300 Hagey Boulevard, Waterloo ON N2L 0A4 November 14, 2017 File: 161413228/10 Attention: Mr. Michael Witmer, BES, MPA, MCIP, RPP City of Guelph 1 Carden Street Guelph ON N1H

### Introduction to Climate ~ Part I ~

2015/11/16 TCC Seminar JMA Introduction to Climate ~ Part I ~ Shuhei MAEDA (MRI/JMA) Climate Research Department Meteorological Research Institute (MRI/JMA) 1 Outline of the lecture 1. Climate System (

### Weather & Climate of Virginia

Weather & Climate of Virginia Robert E. Davis Professor of Climatology Dept. of Environmental Sciences University of Virginia Email: red3u@virginia.edu Rivanna Master Naturalists March 14, 2017 Arctic