# Lesson 3 The Outer Planets

Size: px
Start display at page:

Transcription

1 Lesson 3 Student Labs and Activities Page Launch Lab 44 Content Vocabulary 45 Lesson Outline 46 MiniLab 48 Content Practice A 49 Content Practice B 50 Language Arts Support 51 Math Skills 53 School to Home 54 Key Concept Builders 55 Enrichment 59 Challenge 60 The Solar System 43

2 Launch Lab LESSON 3: 15 minutes How do we see distant objects in the solar system? Some of the outer planets were discovered hundreds of years ago. Why weren t all planets discovered? Object Distance from Sun (cm) Sun 0 Jupiter 39 Saturn 71 Uranus 143 Neptune 295 Procedure 1. Read and complete a lab safety form. 2. Use a meterstick, masking tape, and the data table to mark and label the position of each object on the tape on the floor along a straight line. 3. Shine a flashlight from the Sun horizontally along the tape. Think About This 4. Have a partner hold a page of your textbook in the flashlight beam at each planet location. Record your observations in your Science Journal. 1. What happens to the image of the page as you move away from the flashlight? 2. Key Concept Why do you think it is more difficult to observe the outer planets than the inner planets? 44 The Solar System

3 Content Vocabulary LESSON 3 Directions: In this word search puzzle, find and circle the five terms listed below. Then on each line, write the term that correctly completes each sentence. Galilean moons orbit probe rotation Titan Y G B G Z D F D R H I D U T A D A Z A O U P T T E Q G I W U I L I A X N H V R X J T L N E D I H Z S Z R H U X A X W A K B L D M O H Q R G N U T N M J E E E B F V X B T W F I J C L C A V N B A G B A Q A H Q Y U A N S G Q R L T G Q U P R O B E M N Z Z U I C P M B G A U V I O T R Y B X X Z N T Y P B Q L O W X R O T A T I O N G Z Z O N K O P P N Y N R H C R E V O S 1. Io, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto are called the. 2. Saturn s largest moon,, is bigger than the planet Mercury. 3. Like Jupiter, Saturn has a rapid and horizontal bands of clouds. 4. Jupiter takes almost 12 years to complete one. 5. Scientists use a to examine planets and moons in the solar system. The Solar System 45

4 Lesson Outline LESSON 3 A. The Gas Giants 1. The outer planets are made of materials that are usually on Earth. 2. Gravitational forces produced by the large sizes of these planets change gases B. Jupiter into. 1. is the largest planet in the solar system. a. Although it takes 12 years to revolve around the Sun, Jupiter faster than any other planet. b. Jupiter has a system of around it. 2. Jupiter s atmosphere contains helium but is mostly made up of. a. Jupiter s rotation stretches its clouds into colorful. b. The on Jupiter is a storm that has lasted more than 300 years. 3. Jupiter s entire structure is made up of about 80 percent hydrogen, about 20 percent, and small amounts of other materials. 4. Jupiter has a solid core that is surrounded by. 5. The four largest moons of Jupiter are called. These are Io, C. Saturn, Ganymede, and Callisto. 1. Like Jupiter, Saturn rotates and has clouds in bands. 2. Saturn is mostly made of and helium. 3. Saturn has the largest system in the solar system. a. Saturn has bands of rings, each of which contains thousands of smaller rings. b. The rings are made mainly of particles. 4. Most of Saturn s moons are small, but one of them,, is larger than the planet Mercury. 46 The Solar System

5 Lesson Outline continued D. Uranus 1. Uranus s atmosphere contains mostly hydrogen and helium, with small amounts of. a. Beneath Uranus s atmosphere is a slushy layer of water,, and other materials. b. Uranus might have a rocky. 2. The rotational axis of Uranus is more than that of other planets. 3. Uranus has at least moons and a small ring system. E. Neptune 1. The atmosphere and interior of Neptune are similar to. 2. Neptune has at least moons and a faint ring system. The Solar System 47

6 MiniLab LESSON 3: 15 minutes How do Saturn s moons affect its rings? In this lab, sugar models Saturn s rings. How might Saturn s moons affect its rings? Procedure 1. Read and complete a lab safety form. 2. Hold two sharpened pencils with their points even and then tape them together. 3. Insert a third pencil into the hole in a record. Hold the pencil so the record is in a horizontal position. 4. Have your partner sprinkle sugar evenly over the surface of the record. Hold the taped pencils vertically over the record so that the tips rest in the record s grooves. 5. Slowly turn the record. Record what happens to the sugar below. Data and Observations Analyze and Conclude 1. Compare and Contrast What feature of Saturn s rings do the pencils model? 2. Infer What do you think causes the spaces between the rings of Saturn? 3. Key Concept What would have to be true for a moon to interact in this way with Saturn s rings? 48 The Solar System

7 Content Practice A LESSON 3 Directions: Use your textbook, including Figure 12, to describe each planet in the space provided. Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune The Solar System 49

8 Content Practice B LESSON 3 Directions: Answer each question on the lines provided. 1. What do the outer planets have in common? 2. Which outer planets have the shortest period of revolution and which have the longest? 3. How does the rotation of Uranus differ from the rotation of the other outer planets? 4. What is particularly significant about Saturn s rings? 5. What is important to remember about the Great Red Spot on Jupiter? 6. What causes the layers of colorful bands of clouds on Jupiter? 50 The Solar System

9 Language Arts Support LESSON 3 Writing a Compare-and-Contrast Essay Preparation and Taking Notes A compare-and-contrast essay is a form of expository writing that presents the similarities and differences between two places, things, ideas, or phenomena. This kind of essay includes: a general statement about two or more things that are alike in certain ways and different in other ways; specific details that develop each point of similarity or difference; a discussion of why the similarities and differences are important or significant; a clear organizational structure that helps the reader follow the essay and stay interested in it. Before you draft your essay, gather facts, descriptions, and examples that you can use to highlight similarities and differences. Organize your information and details in a graphic organizer, such as a Venn diagram. In addition to helping you take notes, a graphic organizer can help you draw conclusions about similarities and differences. Directions: Use the Venn diagram to respond to each statement. Earth average temperature 15 C period of rotation: 24 hours Both diameter: approximately 12,000 km internal structure includes core, mantle, and crust 1. Write a statement explaining the similarities between the two planets. 2. Write a statement explaining the differences between the two planets. Venus average temperature 460 C period of rotation: 244 days The Solar System 51

11 Math Skills LESSON 3 Ratios A ratio is a comparison of two numbers and can be written as a fraction. For example, Max s house is 0.4 miles away from school and Mia s house is 0.8 miles away. The ratio of the distances is Simplify by dividing 0.8 by 0.4 to get = 2 1 Mia s house is 2 times farther from school than Max s house. Distances in the solar system can be compared using astronomical units (AU). One AU is about 150 million kilometers. Jupiter is 5.20 AU from the Sun, and Saturn is 9.58 AU from the Sun. How many times farther from the Sun is Saturn than Jupiter? Step 1 Write the distances as a ratio, with the greater number as the numerator Step 2 Divide to simplify = 1.84 Saturn is 1.84 times farther from the Sun than Jupiter is. Practice 1. How many times farther from the Sun is Neptune (distance = AU) than Saturn (distance = 9.58 AU)? 2. How many times farther from the Sun is Neptune (distance = AU) than Uranus (distance = AU)? 3. How many times farther from the Sun is Uranus (distance = AU) than Jupiter (distance = 5.20 AU)? 4. How many times farther from Earth is Jupiter (distance = 629,000,000 km) than Mercury (distance = 92,000,000 km)? The Solar System 53

12 School to Home LESSON 3 Directions: Use your textbook to answer each question. 1. The gravitational force of each of the outer planets puts a great deal of pressure on the planet s atmosphere. What is the result of this pressure on the structure of outer planets? 2. Jupiter s mass is more than double the mass of all the other planets combined. How does the size of Jupiter compare to the size of Earth? 3. The rings around Saturn are the largest and most complex in the solar system. Each of the seven rings is made of narrower ringlets. How do scientists believe the rings were formed? 4. Uranus and Neptune are the seventh and eighth planets in our solar system. Both have narrow rings and many moons. How are the surfaces and structures of the two planets similar? 54 The Solar System

13 Key Concept Builder LESSON 3 Key Concept How are the outer planets similar? Directions: Complete the compare-and-contrast chart by writing terms from the list in the correct spaces. diameter of planet distance from the Sun gases change to liquid strong gravitational force hydrogen and helium gases lack a solid surface period of revolution mainly liquid interiors mass number of moons size of rings small solid core temperature tilt of rotation period of rotation type of rings How are the outer planets similar? How are the outer planets different? The Solar System 55

14 Key Concept Builder LESSON 3 Key Concept How are the outer planets similar? Directions: Complete each chart by writing the correct information after each bullet. Jupiter Moons Names of the four largest Galilean moons: Galilean moons larger than Earth s moon: Rings Description of ring system: Origin of ring system: Composition of moons: Saturn Moons Rings Five largest moons: Composition of moons: Moon with dense atmosphere: Moon that is larger than planet Mercury: Moons Two largest moons: Surface of Titania: Moons Largest moon: Composition of Triton: Size of rings: Number of bands: Width of main ring system: Thickness of main ring system: Origin of rings: Uranus Rings Description of ring system: Neptune Rings Description of ring system: Surface of Triton: 56 The Solar System

15 Key Concept Builder LESSON 3 Key Concept What are the outer planets made of? Directions: Answer each question in the space provided. Planet Size Atmosphere Structure Jupiter 1. What is Jupiter s mass? 2. What gases make up Jupiter s atmosphere? 4. What happens at about 1,000 km below the cloud layer? 3. What is the Great Red Spot? 5. What do scientists suspect the core might be made of? Saturn 6. What is Saturn s mass? 7. What gases make up Saturn s atmosphere? 9. In what ways is Saturn like Jupiter? 8. How thick is the atmosphere? Uranus Neptune 10. What is the mass of Uranus? 14. What is the mass of Neptune? 11. What gases make up the atmosphere of Uranus? 15. What gases make up Neptune s atmosphere? 16. What are the dark circular areas? 12. What lies below the atmosphere of Uranus? 13. What do scientists think about the core? 17. What is the composition of the interior? 18. What is the composition of the core? The Solar System 57

16 Key Concept Builder LESSON 3 Key Concept What are the outer planets made of? Directions: Answer each question by writing the correct outer planet or planets on the lines provided. Jupiter Neptune Saturn Uranus 1. Which planets have a small amount of methane in their atmospheres? 2. Which planets have atmospheres composed of hydrogen and helium gases? 3. Which planet has an atmosphere of 90 percent hydrogen? 4. Which planets have rings? 5. Which planet has a tilted axis of rotation? 6. Which planet s interior is most like the one on Uranus? 7. Which planet has the largest and most complex ring system? 8. Which planets have interiors made of partially frozen water and ammonia? 9. Which planet s surface is a thick, slushy layer of water, ammonia, and other materials? 10. Which planet takes 165 years to orbit the Sun? 11. Which planet has a core that might be the size of Earth and ten times its mass? 12. Which planet has rings, each containing thousands of narrower ringlets? 13. Which outer planets have periods of rotation that are shorter than Earth s? 58 The Solar System

17 Enrichment LESSON 3 The Jovian Planets According to the nebular hypothesis, the solar system formed from a rotating cloud of gas and dust a solar nebula that surrounded the newly formed Sun. Solid bits of matter began to collide and clump together. The rotating nebular disk flattened, and the clumps began to form planets. Planet Formation In the inner regions of the forming solar system near the Sun, the temperatures were so high that only the metals and silicate materials could clump together. It was too hot for gases such as carbon dioxide and methane to accumulate and too hot for ice to form. Thus the inner planets formed from materials that had high melting points. Much more material in the clumping solar nebula would also become planets. Out in the cold, distant reaches of the solar Applying Critical-Thinking Skills Directions: Respond to each statement. nebula, ices of water and other substances could form. These materials began to accrete, or clump together, to form the outer planets. Eventually, these planets became so massive that their gravity could hold light gases, such as helium and hydrogen. Jovian Characteristics The massive outer planets are now called the Jovian (Jupiterlike) planets. A Jovian planet has a core of solid iron and rock, but the rest of the entire planet is made of ices and gases. If you could travel to these planets, there would be no solid ground to stand on. It has been hypothesized that Jupiter is made mostly of the same materials as the Sun, and that if it had been 100 times larger and more massive, it would have become another sun. Jupiter is the largest of all the planets. 1. Describe how the outer planets differ in composition from the inner planets. 2. Interpret the following statement: Humans will never set foot on any of the outer planets. Justify your answer. 3. Infer how Jupiter could have become another sun if it had been larger. The Solar System 59

18 Challenge LESSON 3 Moons of the Outer Planets Jupiter has at least 63 moons, some of which don t have names yet. The moons of the outer planets range in diameter from 2 km to 5,268 km. The largest moon in the solar system is Jupiter s Ganymede, which is larger than the planet Mercury. Many moons of the outer planets are small and have irregular shapes and unusual orbits. Some scientists believe that these are captured asteroids, meaning the gravity of the planet pulled the object into its orbit. Captured asteroids are natural satellites, but they did not form by accretion as regular spherical moons probably did. Moons of the Outer Planets Planet Number of Moons Largest Moons Jupiter at least 63 Io, Europa, Ganymede, Callisto Saturn at least 60 Titan, Rhea, Iapetus, Dione Uranus at least 27 Titania, Oberon, Umbriel, Ariel Neptune at least 13 Triton, Proteus, Nereid, Naiad Moon Sizes Ganymede is the solar system s largest moon, with a diameter of 5,268 km. These four moons are planet-sized. Titan is planet-sized at 5,150 km in diameter. Titania is 1,578 km in diameter, while tiny Cordelia is 26 km in diameter. Neptune s moon Triton is 2,700 km in diameter. 1. Select the largest moon each planet has. In the space below, draw the moons in order of size from largest to smallest. Create a scale so you can keep your drawings proportional. Be sure to show your scale. 2. Develop an argument in a brief statement as to how you would reclassify a captured asteroid from a moon to another category of natural satellite. 60 The Solar System

### Lesson 1 The Structure of the Solar System

Lesson 1 Student Labs and Activities Page Launch Lab 8 Content Vocabulary 9 Lesson Outline 10 MiniLab 12 Content Practice A 13 Content Practice B 14 School to Home 15 Key Concept Builders 16 Enrichment

### Lesson 2 The Inner Planets

Lesson 2 Student Labs and Activities Page Launch Lab 25 Content Vocabulary 26 Lesson Outline 27 MiniLab 29 Content Practice A 30 Content Practice B 31 School to Home 32 Key Concept Builders 33 Enrichment

### The Gas Giants Astronomy Lesson 13

The Gas Giants Astronomy Lesson 13 The four outer planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune, are much larger and more massive than Earth, and they do not have solid surfaces. Because these planets

### After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions:

CHAPTER 16 4 Moons SECTION Our Solar System California Science Standards 8.2.g, 8.4.d, 8.4.e BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: How did Earth s moon

### The Outer Planets (pages )

The Outer Planets (pages 720 727) Gas Giants and Pluto (page 721) Key Concept: The first four outer planets Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune are much larger and more massive than Earth, and they do

### Dwarf Planets and Other Objects

Lesson 4 Dwarf Planets and Other Objects LA.8.2.2.3, SC.8.E.5.1, SC.8.E.5.3, SC.8.E.5.7, SC.8.N.3.1 Skim or scan the heading, boldfaced words, and pictures in the lesson. Identify or predict three facts

### When you have completed this workbook, you should know and understand the following:

Name When you have completed this workbook, you should know and understand the following: Standard Description Passed SciBer Text III.1.a III.1.b. Understand and correctly use unit vocabulary. List the

### The Outer Planets. Video Script: The Outer Planets. Visual Learning Company

11 Video Script: 1. For thousands of years people have looked up at the night sky pondering the limits of our solar system. 2. Perhaps you too, have looked up at the evening stars and planets, and wondered

### Label next 2 pages in ISN Gas Giants. Make sure the following assignments are turned in:

Do Now: Label next 2 pages in ISN Gas Giants Make sure the following assignments are turned in: A3K Article Analysis Small Group Test Corrections Form (if applicable) Astronomical Bodies in The Solar System

### Which of the following statements best describes the general pattern of composition among the four jovian

Part A Which of the following statements best describes the general pattern of composition among the four jovian planets? Hint A.1 Major categories of ingredients in planetary composition The following

### UNIT 3: Chapter 8: The Solar System (pages )

CORNELL NOTES Directions: You must create a minimum of 5 questions in this column per page (average). Use these to study your notes and prepare for tests and quizzes. Notes will be turned in to your teacher

### Exploring Our Solar System

Exploring Our Solar System Our Solar System What do you think? Read the two statements below and decide whether you agree or disagree with them. Place an A in the Before column if you agree with the statement

### Mercury Named after: Mercury, the fast-footed Roman messenger of the gods. Mean Distance from the Sun: 57,909,175 km (35,983,093.1 miles) or 0.

Mercury Named after: Mercury, the fast-footed Roman messenger of the gods. Mean Distance from the Sun: 57,909,175 km (35,983,093.1 miles) or 0.387 astronomical units Diameter: 4,879.4 km (3,031.92 miles)

### Similarities & Differences to Inner Planets

Similarities & Differences to Inner Planets Jupiter Jupiter: Basic Characteristics Mass = 1.898 10 27 kg (318 x Earth) Radius = 71,492 km (11x Earth) Albedo (reflectivity) = 0.34 (Earth = 0.39) Average

### Our Planetary System. Chapter 7

Our Planetary System Chapter 7 Key Concepts for Chapter 7 and 8 Inventory of the Solar System Origin of the Solar System What does the Solar System consist of? The Sun: It has 99.85% of the mass of the

### 1/13/16. Solar System Formation

Solar System Formation 1 Your Parents Solar System 21 st Century Solar System 2 The 21 st Century Solar System Sun Terrestrial Planets Asteroid Belt Jovian Planets Kuiper Belt Oort Cloud The Solar System:

### Chapter Introduction Lesson 1 Lesson 2 Lesson 3 Lesson 4 Chapter Wrap-Up

Chapter Introduction Lesson 1 The Structure of the Solar System Lesson 2 The Inner Planets Lesson 3 The Outer Planets Lesson 4 Dwarf Planets and Other Objects Chapter Wrap-Up NASA/JPL/USGS What kinds of

### The Solar System. Name Test Date Hour

Name Test Date Hour Astronomy#3 - Notebook The Solar System LEARNING TARGETS I can describe the objects that make up our solar system. I can identify the inner and outer planets. I can explain the difference

### Chapter 23: Touring Our Solar System

Chapter 23: Touring Our Solar System The Sun The is the center of our solar system. The Sun makes up of all the mass of our solar system. The Sun s force holds the planets in their orbits around the Sun.

### The Solar System LEARNING TARGETS. Scientific Language. Name Test Date Hour

Name Test Date Hour Astronomy#3 - Notebook The Solar System LEARNING TARGETS I can describe the objects that make up our solar system. I can identify the inner and outer planets. I can explain the difference

### The sun is the hub of a huge rotating system of nine planets, their

Section 23.1 23.1 The Solar System 1 FOCUS Section Objectives 23.1 List the major differences between the terrestrial and Jovian planets. 23.2 Explain how the solar system formed. Key Concepts How do terrestrial

### 9/22/ A Brief Tour of the Solar System. Chapter 6: Formation of the Solar System. What does the solar system look like?

9/22/17 Lecture Outline 6.1 A Brief Tour of the Solar System Chapter 6: Formation of the Solar System What does the solar system look like? Our goals for learning: What does the solar system look like?

### Name: Date: Hour: 179 degrees celsius. 5% of Earth A 70 pound person would weigh 27 pounds on Mercury.

Planet Exploration- http://www.kidsastronomy.com/solar_.htm Mercury 1 87.9 days 58.6 days 57 million Km 465 degrees celsius Minimum -184 degrees celsius 179 degrees celsius Moons Terrestrial or Gaseous?

### 1 A Solar System Is Born

CHAPTER 16 1 A Solar System Is Born SECTION Our Solar System California Science Standards 8.2.g, 8.4.b, 8.4.c, 8.4.d BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions:

### Introduction to Astronomy

Introduction to Astronomy Have you ever wondered what is out there in space besides Earth? As you see the stars and moon, many questions come up with the universe, possibility of living on another planet

### Earth s Formation Unit [Astronomy] Student Success Sheets (SSS)

Page1 Earth s Formation Unit [Astronomy] Student Success Sheets (SSS) HS-ESSI-1; HS-ESS1-2; HS-ESS1-3; HS-ESSI-4 NGSS Civic Memorial High School - Earth Science A Concept # What we will be learning Mandatory

### Inner and Outer Planets

Inner and Outer Planets Inner Planets Terrestrial planets are those that are closest to the Sun. Terrestrial planets are made mostly of rock and have similar characteristics to Earth. There are four terrestrial

### ASTR-1010: Astronomy I Course Notes Section X

ASTR-1010: Astronomy I Course Notes Section X Dr. Donald G. Luttermoser Department of Physics and Astronomy East Tennessee State University Edition 2.0 Abstract These class notes are designed for use of

### Phys 214. Planets and Life

Phys 214. Planets and Life Dr. Cristina Buzea Department of Physics Room 259 E-mail: cristi@physics.queensu.ca (Please use PHYS214 in e-mail subject) Lecture 28. Search for life on jovian moons. March

### Unit 6 Lesson 4 What Are the Planets in Our Solar System? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 6 Lesson 4 What Are the Planets in Our Solar System? What other objects are near Earth in this part of space? Earth and millions of other objects make up our solar system. In Our Corner of Space A

### Ch 23 Touring Our Solar System 23.1 The Solar System 23.2 The Terrestrial Planet 23.3 The Outer Planets 23.4 Minor Members of the Solar System

Ch 23 Touring Our Solar System 23.1 The Solar System 23.2 The Terrestrial Planet 23.3 The Outer Planets 23.4 Minor Members of the Solar System Ch 23.1 The Solar System Terrestrial planets- Small Rocky

### Inner and Outer Planets

Inner and Outer Planets SPI 0607.6.2 Explain how the relative distance of objects from the earth affects how they appear. Inner Planets Terrestrial planets are those that are closest to the Sun. Terrestrial

### Earth Science 11 Learning Guide Unit Complete the following table with information about the sun:

Earth Science 11 Learning Guide Unit 2 Name: 2-1 The sun 1. Complete the following table with information about the sun: a. Mass compare to the Earth: b. Temperature of the gases: c. The light and heat

### Starting from closest to the Sun, name the orbiting planets in order.

Chapter 9 Section 1: Our Solar System Solar System: The solar system includes the sun, planets and many smaller structures. A planet and its moon(s) make up smaller systems in the solar system. Scientist

### Ag Earth Science Chapter 23

Ag Earth Science Chapter 23 Chapter 23.1 Vocabulary Any of the Earth- like planets, including Mercury, Venus, and Earth terrestrial planet Jovian planet The Jupiter- like planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus,

### The Big Bang Theory (page 854)

Name Class Date Space Homework Packet Homework #1 Hubble s Law (pages 852 853) 1. How can astronomers use the Doppler effect? 2. The shift in the light of a galaxy toward the red wavelengths is called

### Unusual Moon Information

Saturn s Numbers Saturn is 1.35 billion km from the Sun minimum. Saturn is 1.5 billion km from the Sun maximum. One day on Saturn takes about 10.67 hours. One full rotation around the sun takes about 29.5

### Unit 3 Lesson 5 The Gas Giant Planets. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Florida Benchmarks SC.8.E.5.3 Distinguish the hierarchical relationships between planets and other astronomical bodies relative to solar system, galaxy, and universe, including distance, size, and composition.

### Exploring The Planets: Jupiter

Exploring The Planets: Jupiter By Encyclopaedia Britannica, adapted by Newsela staff on 08.28.17 Word Count 691 Level 800L New Horizons spacecraft took this collection of images of Jupiter and Io in 2007.

### Name Date Class. Earth in Space

Chapter Review Earth in Space Part A. Vocabulary Review Directions: Select the term from the following list that matches each description. axis orbit rotation revolution equinox solstice lunar eclipse

### Joy of Science Experience the evolution of the Universe, Earth and Life

Joy of Science Experience the evolution of the Universe, Earth and Life Review Introduction Main contents Quiz Unless otherwise noted, all pictures are taken from wikipedia.org Review 1 The presence of

### Earth Science. Unit 9: Our Place in the Universe

Earth Science Unit 9: Our Place in the Universe Lesson 8: The Outer Planets Make sure to have your study guide and a pencil and be ready to go when the timer dings! *If you choose not to participate, turn

### Grade 9 End semester exam Revision sheet Answer key. Kingdom of Bahrain Ministry of Education Ahlia School -ABCD

Grade 9 End semester exam Revision sheet Answer key Question 1: Directions: Put a check mark in the column that each type of matter describes. 1. Oxygen Substances Element Compound Mixtures 2. Granite

### The Solar System 6/23

6/23 The Solar System I. Earth A. Earth is the prototype terrestrial planet 1. Only planet in the solar system (we know of so far) with life 2. Temperature 290 K B. Physical Characteristics 1. Mass: 6

### FCAT Review Space Science

FCAT Review Space Science The Law of Universal Gravitation The law of universal gravitation states that ALL matter in the universe attracts each other. Gravity is greatly impacted by both mass and distance

### The Jovian Planets and Their Moons

The Jovian Planets and Their Moons Jupiter 1 Physical Properties of Earth and Jupiter Jupiter Earth Equatorial lradius 11.2 R Earth 6378 km Mass 318 M Earth 5.976 10 24 kg Average Density 1.34 g/cm 3 5.497

### Jupiter and Saturn. Guiding Questions. Long orbital periods of Jupiter and Saturn cause favorable viewing times to shift

Jupiter and Saturn 1 2 Guiding Questions 1. Why is the best month to see Jupiter different from one year to the next? 2. Why are there important differences between the atmospheres of Jupiter and Saturn?

### 1UNIT. The Universe. What do you remember? Key language. Content objectives

1UNIT The Universe What do you remember? What are the points of light in this photo? What is the difference between a star and a planet? a moon and a comet? Content objectives In this unit, you will Learn

### Patterns in the Solar System (Chapter 18)

GEOLOGY 306 Laboratory Instructor: TERRY J. BOROUGHS NAME: Patterns in the Solar System (Chapter 18) For this assignment you will require: a calculator, colored pencils, a metric ruler, and meter stick.

### 5. How did Copernicus s model solve the problem of some planets moving backwards?

MODELS OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM Reading Guide: Chapter 27.2 (read text pages 691-694) 1k. Recognize the cumulative nature of scientific evidence. 1n. Know that when an observation does not agree with an accepted

### Chapter 11 Lecture. The Cosmic Perspective Seventh Edition. Jovian Planet Systems Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 11 Lecture The Cosmic Perspective Seventh Edition Jovian Planet Systems Jovian Planet Systems 11.1 A Different Kind of Planet Our goals for learning: Are jovian planets all alike? What are jovian

### Science Skills Station

Science Skills Station Objective 1. Describe the relationship between the distance from the sun and temperature. 2. Make inferences about how temperature impacted the solar system formation. 3. Explain

### 1. thought the earth was at the center of the solar system and the planets move on small circles that move on bigger circles

Earth Science Chapter 20: Observing the Solar System Match the observations or discoveries with the correct scientist. Answers may be used more than once. Answers that cannot be read will be counted as

### ACCEL: PATTERNS OF MASS AND DENSITY IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM

ACCEL: PATTERNS OF MASS AND DENSITY IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM Name: Date: Purpose: To investigate the patterns of mass, density, and size of planets in the solar system and compare the terrestrial and giant

### Unit 12 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System?

Unit 12 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System? The Solar System Earth, other planets, and the moon are part of a solar system. A solar system is made up of a star and the planets and other

### Chapter 11 Jovian Planet Systems. Comparing the Jovian Planets. Jovian Planet Composition 4/10/16. Spacecraft Missions

Chapter 11 Jovian Planet Systems Jovian Planet Interiors and Atmospheres How are jovian planets alike? What are jovian planets like on the inside? What is the weather like on jovian planets? Do jovian

### Chapter Outline. Earth and Other Planets. The Formation of the Solar System. Clue #1: Planetary Orbits. Clues to the Origin of the Solar System

Chapter Outline Earth and Other Planets The Formation of the Solar System Exploring the Solar System Chapter 16 Great Idea: Earth, one of the planets that orbit the Sun, formed 4.5 billion years ago from

### Sun Mercury Venus. Earth Mars Jupiter

Sun Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Venus is the hottest planet in our solar system. The thick clouds on Venus hold the heat in. The sun s lights reflect off Venus s clouds making it look like the brightest

### Chapter 11 Jovian Planet Systems

Chapter 11 Jovian Planet Systems 11.1 A Different Kind of Planet Our goals for learning: Are jovian planets all alike? What are jovian planets like on the inside? What is the weather like on jovian planets?

### Our Solar System and Its Place in the Universe

Our Solar System and Its Place in the Universe The Formation of the Solar System Our Solar System includes: Planets Dwarf Planets Moons Small Solar System bodies Sun Outer portion created Planets and their

### Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE

Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE Tarbuck Lutgens 23.1 The Solar System The Planets: An Overview The terrestrial planets are planets that are small and rocky Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars. The Jovian planets

### Our Solar System. Lesson 5. Distances Between the Sun and the Planets

Our Solar System Lesson 5 T he Solar System consists of the Sun, the Moon, planets, dwarf planets, asteroids, comets, meteors and other celestial bodies. All these celestial bodies are bound to the Sun

### 23.1 The Solar System. Orbits of the Planets. Planetary Data The Solar System. Scale of the Planets The Solar System

23.1 The Solar System Orbits of the Planets The Planets: An Overview The terrestrial planets are planets that are small and rocky Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars. The Jovian planets are the huge gas giants

### Comparative Planetology II: The Origin of Our Solar System. Chapter Eight

Comparative Planetology II: The Origin of Our Solar System Chapter Eight ASTR 111 003 Fall 2007 Lecture 07 Oct. 15, 2007 Introduction To Modern Astronomy I: Solar System Introducing Astronomy (chap. 1-6)

### Chapter 11 Jovian Planet Systems. Jovian Planet Composition. Are jovian planets all alike? Density Differences. Density Differences

Chapter 11 Jovian Planet Systems 11.1 A Different Kind of Planet Our goals for learning:! Are jovian planets all alike?! What are jovian planets like on the inside?! What is the weather like on jovian

### Unit 2 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 2 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System? Florida Benchmarks SC.5.E.5.2 Recognize the major common characteristics of all planets and compare/contrast the properties of inner and outer

### Today. Solar System Formation. a few more bits and pieces. Homework due

Today Solar System Formation a few more bits and pieces Homework due Pluto Charon 3000 km Asteroids small irregular rocky bodies Comets icy bodies Formation of the Solar System How did these things come

### What Objects Are Part of the Solar System?

What Objects Are Part of the Solar System? Lesson 1 Quiz Josleen divided some of the planets into two main groups. The table below shows how she grouped them. Paul created a poster showing the solar system.

### Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE

Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE Tarbuck Lutgens Chapter 23 Touring Our Solar System 23.1 The Solar System The Planets: An Overview The terrestrial planets are planets that are small and rocky Mercury, Venus,

### Object Type Moons Rings Planet Terrestrial none none. Max Distance from Sun. Min Distance from Sun. Avg. Distance from Sun 57,910,000 km 0.

Mercury Mercury is the closest planet to the sun. It is extremely hot on the side of the planet facing the sun and very cold on the other. There is no water on the surface. There is practically no atmosphere.

### Background: (write a few things that you already know pertaining to about the question above)

Our Solar System at a Glance Reading Introduction: When the ancients studied the night sky, they noticed that five stars moved with respect to the others. They called them planets, from the Greek word

### STUDENT RESOURCE 1.1 INFORMATION SHEET. Vocabulary

Vocabulary STUDENT RESOURCE 1.1 INFORMATION SHEET asteroids thousands of rocky objects that orbit the Sun Most asteroids orbit in a belt between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. More than 9, asteroids have

### Lecture 11 The Structure and Atmospheres of the Outer Planets October 9, 2017

Lecture 11 The Structure and Atmospheres of the Outer Planets October 9, 2017 1 2 Jovian Planets 3 Jovian Planets -- Basic Information Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Distance 5.2 AU 9.5 AU 19 AU 30 AU Spin

### Investigating Astronomy Timothy F. Slater, Roger A. Freeman Chapter 7 Observing the Dynamic Giant Planets

Investigating Astronomy Timothy F. Slater, Roger A. Freeman Chapter 7 Observing the Dynamic Giant Planets Observing Jupiter and Saturn The disk of Jupiter at opposition appears about two times larger than

### Introduction to the Solar System

Introduction to the Solar System Sep. 11, 2002 1) Introduction 2) Angular Momentum 3) Formation of the Solar System 4) Cowboy Astronomer Review Kepler s Laws empirical description of planetary motion Newton

### Developed in Consultation with Georgia Educators

Developed in Consultation with Georgia Educators Table of Contents Georgia Performance Standards Correlation Chart........... 7 Performance Standards Chapter 1 Earth and Space.............................

### Name Class Date. For each pair of terms, explain how the meanings of the terms differ.

Skills Worksheet Chapter Review USING KEY TERMS For each pair of terms, explain how the meanings of the terms differ. 1. terrestrial planet and gas giant 2. asteroid and comet 3. meteor and meteorite Complete

### Chapter 29. The Solar System. The Solar System. Section 29.1 Models of the Solar System notes Models of the Solar System

The Solar System Chapter 29 The Solar System Section 29.1 Models of the Solar System 29.1 notes Models of the Solar System Geocentric: : Earth-centered model of the solar system. (Everything revolves around

### Chapter 7 Our Planetary System

Chapter 7 Our Planetary System What does the solar system look like? Earth, as viewed by the Voyager spacecraft Eight major planets with nearly circular orbits Pluto is smaller than the major planets and

### Jovian Planet Systems

Jovian Planet Systems Reading: Chapter 14.1-14.5 Jovian Planet Systems Voyager 1 and 2 explored the outer planets in the 1970s and 1980s. The Galileo spacecraft circled Jupiter dozens of times in the late

### Physical Science 1 Chapter 16 INTRODUCTION. Astronomy is the study of the universe, which includes all matter, energy, space and time.

INTRODUCTION Astronomy is the study of the universe, which includes all matter, energy, space and time. Although the universe is vast and almost beyond imagination, much is known about its make-up and

### 10/6/16. Observing the Universe with Gravitational Waves

Lecture Outline Observing the Universe with Gravitational Waves Thursday, October 13 7:00 PM Bell Museum Auditorium This event is free and open to the public, and will be followed by telescope observing.

### Planet Power. Of all the objects in our solar system, eight match these requirements: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, & Neptune

Everyone knows that a planet is something that orbits the sun, right? Well, it is not that simple. In August 2006, scientists officially defined a planet as something that: 1. orbits the sun, not around

### Chapter 11 Jovian Planet Systems

Chapter 11 Jovian Planet Systems 11.1 A Different Kind of Planet Our goals for learning: Are jovian planets all alike? What are jovian planets like on the inside? What is the weather like on jovian planets?

### Which of the following planets are all made up of gas? When a planets orbit around the Sun looks like an oval, it s called a(n)

When a planets orbit around the Sun looks like an oval, it s called a(n) - ellipse - circle - axis - rotation Which of the following planets are all made up of gas? - Venus, Mars, Saturn and Pluto - Jupiter,

### Chapter 11 Jovian Planet Systems. Jovian Planet Composition. Are jovian planets all alike? Density Differences. Density Differences

Chapter 11 Jovian Planet Systems 11.1 A Different Kind of Planet Our goals for learning Are jovian planets all alike? What are jovian planets like on the inside? What is the weather like on jovian planets?

### What s in Our Solar System?

The Planets What s in Our Solar System? Our Solar System consists of a central star (the Sun), the main eight planets orbiting the sun, the dwarf planets, moons, asteroids, comets, meteors, interplanetary

### -Melissa Greenberg, Arielle Hoffman, Zachary Feldmann, Ryan Pozin, Elizabeth Weeks, Christopher Pesota, & Sara Pilcher

-Melissa Greenberg, Arielle Hoffman, Zachary Feldmann, Ryan Pozin, Elizabeth Weeks, Christopher Pesota, & Sara Pilcher Formation Overview All explanations as to how the solar system was formed are only

### Welcome to the Solar System

Welcome to the Solar System How vast those Orbs must be, and how inconsiderable this Earth, the Theater upon which all our mighty Designs, all our Navigations, and all our Wars are transacted, is when

### The Solar Nebula Theory. This lecture will help you understand: Conceptual Integrated Science. Chapter 28 THE SOLAR SYSTEM

This lecture will help you understand: Hewitt/Lyons/Suchocki/Yeh Conceptual Integrated Science Chapter 28 THE SOLAR SYSTEM Overview of the Solar System The Nebular Theory The Sun Asteroids, Comets, and

### 2. Which of the following planets has exactly two moons? A) Venus B) Mercury C) Uranus D) Mars E) Neptune

Summer 2015 Astronomy - Test 2 Test form A Name Do not forget to write your name and fill in the bubbles with your student number, and fill in test form A on the answer sheet. Write your name above as

### Saturn. Slightly smaller 1/3 the mass density 700 kg/m 3. Interior - light elements, lack of rocky materials. Voyager 2, NASA

Saturn Slightly smaller 1/3 the mass density 700 kg/m 3 Interior - light elements, lack of rocky materials Voyager 2, NASA 1 Saturn - Atmosphere belts - driven by rapid rotation period - 10 hrs 14 min

### 9.2 - Our Solar System

9.2 - Our Solar System Scientists describe our solar system as the Sun and all the planets and other celestial objects, such as moons, comets, and asteroids, that are held by the Sun s gravity and orbit

### The Solar System. Tour of the Solar System

The Solar System Tour of the Solar System The Sun more later 8 planets Mercury Venus Earth more later Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Various other objects Asteroids Comets Pluto The Terrestrial Planets

### Chapter 8 Jovian Planet Systems

Chapter 8 Jovian Planet Systems How do jovian planets differ from terrestrials? They are much larger than terrestrial planets They do not have solid surfaces The things they are made of are quite different

### SOLAR SYSTEM NOTES. Scientists believe its at least 4.6 billion years old!!! 10/26/2017 ENERGY TRANSFERS RADIATION FROM THE SUN

SOLAR SYSTEM NOTES Our Solar System is composed of: 1. The Sun 2. The Planets 3. Asteroids 4. Comets 5. Meteors 6. Natural & Artificial satellites Remember: How old is our Solar System? Scientists believe

### Solar System Research Teacher Notes The Sun

The Sun G-type main sequence star (G2V), also known as a yellow dwarf Mass = 1.99 x 10 30 kg or 333,000 Earths. Volume = 1.41 x 10 18 km 3 or 1,300,000 Earths. Density (average) = 1.41 g/cm 3 or 0.255

### Lesson 1 Matter and Its Properties

Lesson 1 Student Labs and Activities Page Launch Lab 8 Content Vocabulary 9 Lesson Outline 10 MiniLab 12 Content Practice A 13 Content Practice B 14 Math Skills 15 School to Home 16 Key Concept Builders