CE FLUID MECHANICS AND MECHINERY UNIT I

Size: px
Start display at page:

Transcription

1 CE FLUID MECHANICS AND MECHINERY UNIT I 1. Define specific volume of a fluid and write its unit. [N/D-14] Volume per unit mass of a fluid is called specific volume. Unit: m3 / kg. 2. Name the devices that are used to measure the pressure of a fluid. [N/D-14] The Device used to measuring Fluid Pressure, by the Gauges is, Piezometer Tube.Manometer.

2 3. Calculate the specific weight, density and specific gravity of 1 litre of liquid which weighs 7 N. [A/M-15] Solution: Given V 1litre W = 7 N m 4. State the concept of pressure measurement used in mechanical gauges[a/m-15] Many techniques have been developed for the measurement of pressure and vacuum. Instruments used to measure and display pressure in an integral unit are called pressure gauges or vacuum gauges. A manometer is a good example as it uses a column of liquid to both measure and indicate pressure. Likewise the widely used Bourdon gauge is a mechanical device which both measures and indicates, and is probably the best known type of gauge. A vacuum gauge is an absolute pressure gauge used to measure the pressures lower than the ambient atmospheric pressure. Other methods of pressure measurement involve sensors which can transmit the pressure reading to a remote indicator or control system.

3 5. Define Centre of Pressure [M/J-16] The center of pressure is the point where the total sum of a pressure field acts on a body, causing a force to act through that point. The total force vector acting at the center of pressure is the value of the integrated vectorial pressure field. The resultant force and center of pressure location produce equivalent force and moment on the body as the original pressure field. Pressure fields occur in both static and dynamic fluid mechanics. 6. Temperature rise, decrease viscosity in liquids but increases it in gases, why? [M/J-16] Viscosity is nothing but nature of fluid due to which it offers resistance to gradual deformation. In case of liquid,liquid molecules are bonded by inter molecular force of attraction and when we increase the temperature, this force of attraction gets weaken causing dissociation of bond and molecules becomes more freely to flow/move, causing decrease in viscosity of liquid ( viscosity of liquid is due cohesion of liquid molecules i.e. tendency of similar particle to cling one another ),whereas in case of gases,gaseous molecules do have weak vander wall force of attraction, as we increase the temperature, energy (in the form of heat ) transfers to gas molecules, which increase the randomness of molecules and molecules starts colliding with each other,retarding the motion of gases,resulting increase in viscosity of gases.

4 1. A Liquid has a specific gravity of Find its density, specific weight and also the weight per liter of the liquid. If the above liquid is used for lubrication between a shaft and a sleeve, find the power lost in liquid for a sleeve length of 100 mm. The diameter of the shaft is 0.5 m and the thickness of the liquid film is 1 mm. Take the viscosity of fluid as 0.5 N-s/m 2 and the speed of the shaft as 200rpm.[N/D-14] Sol: Volume V = 1 litre = m 3 Specific gravity S = 0.72 (i) Density ρ = S * 1000 = 0.72 * 1000 = 720 kg/m 3 (ii) Specific weight W = ρ*g = 720 * 9.81 = N/m 3 (iii) Weight w = W*V = * = N (iv) µ = 0.5 Ns/m 2 Diameter D = 0.5 m Speed of shaft N = 200 rpm Sleeve length L = 100 mm Thickness of oil film t = 1 mm u = (πdn) / 60 = (π*0.5*100)/60 = 2.62 m/s du = 2.62 m/s dy = 1mm = m τ = µ (du/dy) = 0.5 * (2.62/0.001) = 1310 N/mm 2 F = τ * A = 1310 * πdl = N Torque T = F * D/2 = * 0.5/2 =51.44 Nm Power lost = 2πNT/60 = (2*π*100*51.44)/60 = W

5 2. If the velocity distribution over a plate is given by u = 2/3 y y 2 in which u is the velocity in metre per second at a distance y metre above the plate, determine the shear stress at y = 0 and y = 0.15m. Take dynamic viscosity of fluid as 8.63 poise. [N/D-14]

6

7 3. A 150mm diameter vertical cylinder rotates contacted to the another cylinder of diameter 151 mm. Both the cylinder are 250mm high. If the torque of 12 Nm is required to rotate the inner cylinder at 100 r.p.m. determine the viscosity of the fluid in the space between the above two cylinders.[a/m-15]

8

9 4. Determine the total pressure on a circular plate of diameter 1.5 m which is placed vertically in water in such a way that the center of the plate is 3 m below the free surface of water. Also find the position of centre of pressure.[a/m-15]

10

11 5. (a) (i) Differentiate (1) Real fluids and ideal fluids (2) Newtonian and non-newtonian fluids (4) (ii) What is the difference between U tube differential manometer and inverted U- tube differential manometer? (1) Real Fluid: A fluid, which possesses viscosity, is known as real fluid. All fluids, in actual practice, are real fluids. Ideal Fluid: A fluid, which is incompressible and is having no viscosity, is known as an ideal fluid. Ideal fluid is only an imaginary fluid as all the fluids, which exist, have some viscosity. (2) Newtonian fluids A Newtonian fluid's viscosity remains constant, no matter the amount of shear applied for a constant temperature.. These fluids have a linear relationship between viscosity and shear stress. Non-Newtonian fluids You can probably guess that non-newtonian fluids are the opposite of Newtonian fluids. When shear is applied to non-newtonian fluids, the viscosity of the fluid changes. (4) (3) U-Tube Manometer: It consist a U shaped bend whose one end is attached to the gauge point A and other end is open to the atmosphere. It can measure both positive and negative (suction) pressures. It contains liquid of specific gravity greater than that of a liquid of which the pressure is to be measured. Inverted U-Tube Manometer: Inverted U-Tube manometer consists of an inverted U Tube containing a light liquid. This is used to measure the differences of low pressures between two points where where better accuracy is required. It generally consists of an air cock at top of manometric fluid type.

12 6. If the velocity profile of a liquid over a plate is a parabolic with the vertex 20 cm from the plate, where the velocity is 120 cm/sec. calculate the velocity gradients and shear stress at a distance of 0, 10 and 20 cm from the plate, if the viscosity of the fluid is 8.5 poise.

13

14

15 UNIT II 1. Define circulation and Write its expression. [N/D-14] If V is the fluid velocity on a small element of a defined curve, and dl is a vector representing the differential length of that small element, the contribution of that differential length to circulation is dγ: where θ is the angle between the vectors V and dl. 2. Write Euler s equation. [N/D-14] Energy is the basis of Euler s equation. Energy can neither be created nor destroyed. Euler s equation is derived by the use of Newton s second law of motion. According to Newton s second law of motion, the time rate of change of momentum of a fluid mass in any direction is equal to the sum of all the external forces in that direction, i.e., F = d(m V)/dt where F is the force, M is the mass and V is the velocity.

16 3. Write the continuity equation in three dimensional differential form for compressible fluids [A/M-15] Conservation of mass is the basis for continuity equation. Mass can neither be created nor destroyed. In a given control volume, the net mass rate of inflow into the control volume is equal to the rate of change of mass. 4. State the impulse momentum principle [A/M-15] The impulse-momentum theorem states that the change in momentum of an object equals the impulse applied to it. The impulse-momentum theorem is logically equivalent to Newton's second law of motion (the force law).

17 5. Define flow net [M/J-16] A flow net is a graphical representation of two-dimensional steady-state groundwater flow through aquifers. Construction of a flow net is often used for solving groundwater flow problems where the geometry makes analytical solutions impractical. 6. Distinguish between streamline and streak line. [M/J-16] Streamlines and streak lines are field lines in a fluid flow. They differ only when the flow changes with time, that is, when the flow is not steady. Considering a velocity vector field in three-dimensional space in the framework of continuum mechanics, we have that: Streamlines are a family of curves that are instantaneously tangent to the velocity vector of the flow. These show the direction in which a massless fluid element will travel at any point in time. Streak lines are the loci of points of all the fluid particles that have passed continuously through a particular spatial point in the past. Dye steadily injected into the fluid at a fixed point extends along a streak line.

18 1. In a two two dimensional incompressible flow, the fluid velocity components are given by u = x 4y and v= - y 4x. Show that velocity potential exists and determine its form. Find also the stream function. [N/D-14]

19

20 2. A ventrimeter of inlet diameter 300 mm and throat diameter 150 mm is inserted in vertical pipe carrying water flowing in the upward direction. A differential mercury manometer connected to the inlet and throat gives a reading of 200 mm. Find the discharge if the co-efficient of discharge of meter is [N/D-14]

21

22 3. Find the density of a metallic body which floats at the interface of mercury of sp. Gr 13.6 and water such that 40% of its volume is sub-merged in mercury and 60% in water. [A/M-15]

23

24 4. An oil of specific gravity 0.8 is flowing through a horizontal venturimeter having a inlet diameter 200 mm and throat diameter 100 mm. The oil mercury differential manometer shows a reading of 250 mm, calculate the discharge of oil through the venturimeter. Take Cd = [A/M-15]

25 5. (a) Water flows through a pipe AB 1.2m diameter at 3m/s and then passes through a pipe BC 1.5m diameter. At C, the pipe branches. Branch CD is 0.8m in diameter and carries one- third of the flow in AB. The flow velocity in branch CE is 2.5m/s. Find the volume rate of flow in AB, the velocity in BC, the velocity in CD and diameter of CE. [M/J-16]

26 6. (b)state Bernoulli s theorem for steady flow of an incompressible fluid. Derive an expression for Bernoulli s equation from first principle and state the assumptions made for such a derivation. [M/J-16]

27

28 UNIT III 1. Sketch the shear stress and velocity distribution for laminar flow across a pipe section.[n/d-14] A flow is said to be laminar if Reynolds number is less than 2000 for pipe flow. Laminar flow is possible only at low velocities and high viscous fluids. In laminar type of flow, fluid particles move in laminas or layers gliding smoothly over the adjacent layer. The formula for velocity distribution is given as u = - (¼ μ) ( p/ x) (R2-r2) Where R = Radius of the pipe, r = Radius of the fluid element 2. List the major and minor losses encountered in pipe flow. [N/D-14] There are two types of energy losses in flow through pipes: Major energy loss due to frictional resistance offered by the pipe; and Minor energy losses due to sudden expansion or contraction of the pipe, bend, pipe fittings, etc. Minor losses are very small in magnitude compared to major losses.

30 5. What is hydraulic gradient line? State its applications. [M/J-16] If a piezometer tube is introduced at a section in a pipe flow carrying a liquid, the liquid will rise to a height equivalent to the pressure head at that section. The sum of pressure head and potential head is termed as hydraulic or piezometric head. The line joining the points of hydraulic head at various sections is termed as hydraulic grade line. 6. List major and minor losses of flow in pipe. [M/J-16] There are two types of energy losses in flow through pipes: Major energy loss due to frictional resistance offered by the pipe; and Minor energy losses due to sudden expansion or contraction of the pipe, bend, pipe fittings, etc. Minor losses are very small in magnitude compared to major losses.

31 1. A liquid of specific weight ρg= 58 lbf/ft3 flows by gravity through a 1-ft tank and a 1-ft capillary tube at a rate of 0.15 ft3/h. Sections 1 and 2 are at atmospheric pressure. Neglecting entrance effects, compute the viscosity of the liquid. [N/D-14]

32 2. At a sudden enlargement of a water main from 240 mm to 480 mm diameter, the hydraulic gradient rises by 10 mm. Estimate the rate of flow. [N/D-14]

33 3. A horizontal pipe line 40 m long is connected to a water tank at one end and discharges freely into the atmosphere at the other end. For the first 25 m of its length from the tank, the pipe is 150 mm diameter and its diameter is suddenly enlarged to 300 mm. The height of water level in the tank is 8 m above the centre of the pipe. Considering all losses of head which occur, determine the rote of flow. Take f =0.01 for both sections of the pipe. [A/M-15]

34

35 4. Design the diameter of a steel pipe to carry water having kinematic viscosity v = 10-6 m2/s with a mean velocity of 1m/s. The head loss is to be limited to 5 m per 100 m length of pipe. Consider the equivalent sand roughness height of pipe k, = 45x10-4cm. Assume that the Darcy Weisbach friction factor over the whole range of turbulent flow can be expressed as Where D = Diameter of pipe and Re = Reynolds number. [A/M-15]

36

37 5. The rate of flow of water through a horizontal pipe is 0.25 m3/s. The diameter of the pipe which is 200 mm is suddenly enlarged to 400 mm The pressure intensity in the smaller pipe is N/cm3. Determine: (i) loss of head due sudden enlargement, (ii) pressure intensity in the large pipe, (ii) power lost due to enlargement. [M/J-16]

38 6. Determine the difference in the elevations between the water surfaces in the two tanks which are connected by a horizontal pipe of diameter 300 mm and length 400 m. The rate of flow of water through the pipe is 300 liters/s. Consider all losses and take the value off = 008. [M/J-16]

39 UNIT IV 1. What are the different methods of preventing the separation of boundary layers?[n/d-14] Control Of Boundary Layer Separation - The total drag on a body is attributed to form drag and skin friction drag. In some flow configurations, the contribution of form drag becomes significant. In order to reduce the form drag, the boundary layer separation should be prevented or delayed so that better pressure recovery takes place and the form drag is reduced considerably. There are some popular methods for this purpose which are stated as follows. i. By giving the profile of the body a streamlined shape. 1. This has an elongated shape in the rear part to reduce the magnitude of the pressure gradient. 2. The optimum contour for a streamlined body is the one for which the wake zone is very narrow and the form drag is minimum. ii. The injection of fluid through porous wall can also control the boundary layer separation. This is generally accomplished by blowing high energy fluid particles tangentially from the location where separation would have taken place otherwise. 1. The injection of fluid promotes turbulence 2. This increases skin friction. But the form drag is reduced considerably due to suppression of flow separation The reduction in form drag is quite significant and increase in skin friction drag can be ignored. 2. Define the terms: Drag and Lift. [N/D-14] Lift is the force that acts at a right angle to the direction of motion through the air. Lift is created by differences in air pressure. Thrust is the force that propels a flying machine in the direction of motion. Engines produce thrust. Drag is the force that acts opposite to the direction of motion.

40 3. Define Local Coefficient of Drag [A/M-15] It is defined as ratio of the shear stress τo to the quantity ρu 2 /2, which is denoted by CD * as: CD * = τo/(ρu 2 /2) where τo is shear stress; ρ is density of the fluid; and U is main stream velocity. 4. State the boundary conditions for the velocity profiles in a boundary layer. (A/M - 15) The following are boundary conditions, which must be satisfied by any velocity profile whether it is laminar or turbulent boundary layer. (i) At y = 0, u = 0 and du/dy has a finite value; (ii) At y = δ, u = U; and (iii) At y = δ, du/dy = 0 5. Define displacement thickness [M/J-16] Displacement thickness : It is defined as the distance by which the external potential flow is displaced outwards due to the decrease in velocity in the boundary layer.

41 6. When a surface will be called as hydro-dynamically smooth? [M/J-16] When the average depth k of the surface irregularities is less than laminar sub-layer of the surface δ is called as hydrodynamic ally smooth boundary. The eddy which formed outside of the laminar sub-layer try to penetrate in the laminar sublayer boundary is called as smooth boundary. When the average depth k of the surface irregularities is greater than laminar sub-layer of surface δ is called as hydrodynamic ally rough boundary. The eddy which formed outside of the laminar sub layer penetrates into the laminar sub-layer. Such boundary is called as rough boundary. 1. A solid cylinder of 10 cm diameter and 40 cm long consists of 2 parts made of different materials. The first part at the base is 1 cm long, and specific gravity is 6. The other part of the cylinder is made of the material having specific gravity 0.6. State if it can float vertically in water. [N/D-14]

42

43

44 2. A ship 70 m long and 10 m broad has a displacement of W. A weight of kn is moved across the deck through a distance of 6 m The ship is tilted through 6". The moment of inertia of the ship at water-line about its fore and axis is 75% of M.O.I. of the circumscribing rectangle. The centre of buoyancy is 2.25 m below water-line. Find the metacentric height and position of centre of gravity of ship. Specific weight of sea water is N/ m3. [N/D-14]

45

46 3. Find the displacement thickness and the momentum thickness for the velocity distribution in the boundary layer given by u/u = 2(y/δ)-(y/δ) 2. [A/M-15]

47

48 4. The time period of rolling of a ship of weight kn in sea water is 10 seconds. The centre of buoyancy of the dip is 1.5 m below the centre of gravity. Find the radius of gravity of the ship if the moment of inertia of the ship at the water line about fore and aft axis is 1000m 4. Take specific weight of sea water as = N/m 3. [A/M-15]

49

50 5. A wooden cylinder of specific gravity 0.6 and circular in cross section is required to float in oil of specific gravity 0.9. Find the L/D ratio for the cylinder to float with its longitudinal axis vertical in oil, where L is the height of the cylinder and D is its diameter. [M/J-16]

51 6. A wooden log of 0.6m diameter and 5m length is floating in river water. Find the depth of the wodden log in water when the sp. Gravity of the log is 0.7. [M/J-16]

52

53 UNIT V 1. Define Froude s number and write its expression. [N/D-14] When the forces of gravity can be considered to be the only predominant force which controls the motion in addition to the force of inertia, the dynamic similarities of the flow in any two such systems can be established, if the Froude number for both the system is the same. This is known as Froude Model Law. Fr(p) = Fr (m) 2. What are the merits of distorted models? [N/D-14] The results in steeper water surface slopes and magnification of wave heights in model can be obtained by providing true vertical structure with accuracy. The model size can be reduced to lower down the cast. Sufficient tractate force can be developed to produce bed movement with a small model.

54 3. State Buckingham s π-theorem. [N/D-15] Buckingham π-theorem states that If there are n variables (both independent and dependent) involved in a physical phenomenon and if these variables involve m fundamental dimensions (M, L, T) then the variables can be arranged into (n - m) dimensionless terms, which are known as π-terms. 4. What are the advantages of distorted models. [A/M-15] The results in steeper water surface slopes and magnification of wave heights in model can be obtained by providing true vertical structure with accuracy. The model size can be reduced to lower down the cast. Sufficient tractate force can be developed to produce bed movement with a small model.

55 5. Define Reynolds Number [M/J-16] Reynold s number is defined as the ratio between the inertial forces of the flowing fluid and the viscous forces of the fluid. Mathematically, it is given as: Re = Fi/Fv = ρ V L/ µ 6. What do you know by the term distorted models? [M/J-16] Distorted model is one which is not geometrically similar to its prototype. Such a model uses different Scale Ratios for different dimensions. For example, Lr1 = Lp/Lm; Lr2 = Bp/Bm; and Lr3 = Hp/Hm.

56 1. Obtain an expression in non-dimensional form for the pressure gradient in a horizontal pipe of circular cross-section. Show how this relates to the familiar expression for frictional head loss. [N/D-14]

57

58 2. Describe briefly the types of forces in moving fluid and the importance of three types of similarity. [N/D-14] Forces encountered in flowing fluids include those due to inertia, viscosity, pressure, gravity, surface tension and compressibility. These forces can be written as follows; Inertia force: m.a V (dv/dt) V 2 L 2 Viscous force: A A du/ dy V L Pressure force: p A p L 2 Gravity force: mg g L 3 Surface tension force: L Compressibility force: Ev A Ev L

59 3. The tip deflection δ of a cantilever beam is a function of tip load W, beam length l, second moment of area I and Young s modulus E. Perform a dimensional analysis of this problem.[a/m-15]

60 4. Explain briefly the steps involved in Rayleigh s method of dimensional analysis and also brief the types of similarities existing between the prototype and its model. [A/M-15] Modeling and Similitude A model is a representation of a physical system which is used to predict the behavior of the system in some desired respect. The physical system for which the predictions are to be made is called prototype. Usually, a model is smaller than the prototype so that laboratory experiments/studies can be conducted. It is less expensive to construct and operate. However, in certain situations, models are larger than the prototype e.g. study of the motion of blood cells whose sizes are of the order of micrometers. Similitude is the indication of a known relationship between a model and prototype. In other words, the model tests must yield data that can be scaled to obtain the similar parameters for the prototype. Theory of models: The dimensional analysis of a given problem can be described in terms of a set of pi terms and these non-dimensional parameters can be expressed in functional forms; 1 2, 3,... n (6.2.9) Since this equation applies to any system, governed by same variables and if the behavior of a particular prototype is described by Eq. (6.2.9), then a similar relationship can be written for a model. 1m 2m, 3m,... nm (6.2.10) The form of the function remains the same as long as the same phenomenon is involved in both the prototype and the model. Therefore, if the model is designed and operated under following conditions, 2m 2 ; 3m 3... and Then it follows that nm n (6.2.11) 1 1m (6.2.12) Eq. (6.2.12) is the desired prediction equation and indicates that the measured value of 1m obtained with the model will be equal to the 1 for the prototype as long as the other pi terms are equal. These are called model design conditions / similarity requirements / modeling laws. Flow Similarity In order to achieve similarity between model and prototype behavior, all the corresponding pi terms must be equated to satisfy the following conditions. Geometric similarity: A model and prototype are geometric similar if and only if all

61 body dimensions in all three coordinates have the same linear-scale ratio. In order to have geometric similarity between the model and prototype, the model and the prototype should be of the same shape, all the linear dimensions of the model can be related to corresponding dimensions of the prototype by a constant scale factor. Usually, one or more of these pi terms will involve ratios of important lengths, which are purely geometrical in nature. Kinematic similarity: The motions of two systems are kinematically similar if homogeneous particles lie at same points at same times. In a specific sense, the velocities at corresponding points are in the same direction (i.e. same streamline patterns) and are related in magnitude by a constant scale factor. Dynamic similarity: When two flows have force distributions such that identical types of forces are parallel and are related in magnitude by a constant scale factor at all corresponding points, then the flows are dynamic similar. For a model and prototype, the dynamic similarity exists, when both of them have same length-scale ratio, timescale ratio and force-scale (or mass-scale ratio). In order to have complete similarity between the model and prototype, all the similarity flow conditions must be maintained. This will automatically follow if all the important variables are included in the dimensional analysis and if all the similarity requirements based on the resulting pi terms are satisfied. For example, in compressible flows, the model and prototype should have same Reynolds number, Mach number and specific heat ratio etc. If the flow is incompressible (without free surface), then same Reynolds numbers for model and prototype can satisfy the complete similarity.

62 5. A prototype gate valve which will control the flow in a pipe system conveying paraffin is to be studied in a model. List the significant variables on which the pressure drop across the valve would depend. Perform dimensional analysis to obtain the relevant non-dimensional groups. A 1/5 scale model is built to determine the pressure drop across the valve with water as the working fluid. (a) For a particular opening, when the velocity of paraffin in the prototype is 3.0 m s 1 what should be the velocity of water in the model for dynamic similarity? (b) What is the ratio of the quantities of flow in prototype and model? (c) Find the pressure drop in the prototype if it is 60 kpa in the model. (The density and viscosity of paraffin are 800 kg m 3 and kg m 1 s 1 respectively. Take 6 m2 s 1). [M/J-16]

63

64

65 6. A ship model of scale 1/50 is towed through sea water at a speed of 1 m/s. A force of 2 N is required to tow the model. Determine the speed of the ship and the propulsive force on the ship. If the prototype is subjected to wave resistance only. [M/J-16]

CE MECHANICS OF FLUIDS UNIT I

CE 6303- MECHANICS OF FLUIDS UNIT I 1. Define specific volume of a fluid and write its unit [N/D-14][M/J-11] Volume per unit mass of a fluid is called specific volume. Unit: m3 / kg. 2. Name the devices

CE 6303 MECHANICS OF FLUIDS L T P C QUESTION BANK 3 0 0 3 UNIT I FLUID PROPERTIES AND FLUID STATICS PART - A 1. Define fluid and fluid mechanics. 2. Define real and ideal fluids. 3. Define mass density

S.E. (Mech.) (First Sem.) EXAMINATION, (Common to Mech/Sandwich) FLUID MECHANICS (2008 PATTERN) Time : Three Hours Maximum Marks : 100

Total No. of Questions 12] [Total No. of Printed Pages 8 Seat No. [4262]-113 S.E. (Mech.) (First Sem.) EXAMINATION, 2012 (Common to Mech/Sandwich) FLUID MECHANICS (2008 PATTERN) Time : Three Hours Maximum

UNIT I FLUID PROPERTIES AND STATICS

SIDDHARTH GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS :: PUTTUR Siddharth Nagar, Narayanavanam Road 517583 QUESTION BANK (DESCRIPTIVE) Subject with Code : Fluid Mechanics (16CE106) Year & Sem: II-B.Tech & I-Sem Course & Branch:

INSTITUTE OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING Dundigal, Hyderabad AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING QUESTION BANK : AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING.

Course Name Course Code Class Branch INSTITUTE OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING Dundigal, Hyderabad - 00 0 AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING : Mechanics of Fluids : A00 : II-I- B. Tech Year : 0 0 Course Coordinator

R09. d water surface. Prove that the depth of pressure is equal to p +.

Code No:A109210105 R09 SET-1 B.Tech II Year - I Semester Examinations, December 2011 FLUID MECHANICS (CIVIL ENGINEERING) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 75 Answer any five questions All questions carry equal

VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE SRM Nagar, Kattankulathur

VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE SRM Nagar, Kattankulathur 603 203 DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING QUESTION BANK III SEMESTER CE 8302 FLUID MECHANICS Regulation 2017 Academic Year 2018 19 Prepared by Mrs.

FE Fluids Review March 23, 2012 Steve Burian (Civil & Environmental Engineering)

Topic: Fluid Properties 1. If 6 m 3 of oil weighs 47 kn, calculate its specific weight, density, and specific gravity. 2. 10.0 L of an incompressible liquid exert a force of 20 N at the earth s surface.

V/ t = 0 p/ t = 0 ρ/ t = 0. V/ s = 0 p/ s = 0 ρ/ s = 0

UNIT III FLOW THROUGH PIPES 1. List the types of fluid flow. Steady and unsteady flow Uniform and non-uniform flow Laminar and Turbulent flow Compressible and incompressible flow Rotational and ir-rotational

EXPERIMENT No.1 FLOW MEASUREMENT BY ORIFICEMETER

EXPERIMENT No.1 FLOW MEASUREMENT BY ORIFICEMETER 1.1 AIM: To determine the co-efficient of discharge of the orifice meter 1.2 EQUIPMENTS REQUIRED: Orifice meter test rig, Stopwatch 1.3 PREPARATION 1.3.1

Fluid Mechanics. du dy

FLUID MECHANICS Technical English - I 1 th week Fluid Mechanics FLUID STATICS FLUID DYNAMICS Fluid Statics or Hydrostatics is the study of fluids at rest. The main equation required for this is Newton's

Hydraulics. B.E. (Civil), Year/Part: II/II. Tutorial solutions: Pipe flow. Tutorial 1

Hydraulics B.E. (Civil), Year/Part: II/II Tutorial solutions: Pipe flow Tutorial 1 -by Dr. K.N. Dulal Laminar flow 1. A pipe 200mm in diameter and 20km long conveys oil of density 900 kg/m 3 and viscosity

TOPICS. Density. Pressure. Variation of Pressure with Depth. Pressure Measurements. Buoyant Forces-Archimedes Principle

Lecture 6 Fluids TOPICS Density Pressure Variation of Pressure with Depth Pressure Measurements Buoyant Forces-Archimedes Principle Surface Tension ( External source ) Viscosity ( External source ) Equation

ENGINEERING FLUID MECHANICS. CHAPTER 1 Properties of Fluids

CHAPTER 1 Properties of Fluids ENGINEERING FLUID MECHANICS 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Development of Fluid Mechanics 1.3 Units of Measurement (SI units) 1.4 Mass, Density, Specific Weight, Specific Volume, Specific

B.E/B.Tech/M.E/M.Tech : Chemical Engineering Regulation: 2016 PG Specialisation : NA Sub. Code / Sub. Name : CH16304 FLUID MECHANICS Unit : I

Department of Chemical Engineering B.E/B.Tech/M.E/M.Tech : Chemical Engineering Regulation: 2016 PG Specialisation : NA Sub. Code / Sub. Name : CH16304 FLUID MECHANICS Unit : I LP: CH 16304 Rev. No: 00

PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS

Unit - I Chapter - PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS Solutions of Examples for Practice Example.9 : Given data : u = y y, = 8 Poise = 0.8 Pa-s To find : Shear stress. Step - : Calculate the shear stress at various

Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION

Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION 1-1 The Fluid. 1-2 Dimensions. 1-3 Units. 1-4 Fluid Properties. 1 1-1 The Fluid: It is the substance that deforms continuously when subjected to a shear stress. Matter Solid Fluid

NPTEL Quiz Hydraulics

Introduction NPTEL Quiz Hydraulics 1. An ideal fluid is a. One which obeys Newton s law of viscosity b. Frictionless and incompressible c. Very viscous d. Frictionless and compressible 2. The unit of kinematic

UNIT II CONVECTION HEAT TRANSFER

UNIT II CONVECTION HEAT TRANSFER Convection is the mode of heat transfer between a surface and a fluid moving over it. The energy transfer in convection is predominately due to the bulk motion of the fluid

Approximate physical properties of selected fluids All properties are given at pressure kn/m 2 and temperature 15 C.

Appendix FLUID MECHANICS Approximate physical properties of selected fluids All properties are given at pressure 101. kn/m and temperature 15 C. Liquids Density (kg/m ) Dynamic viscosity (N s/m ) Surface

ME3560 Tentative Schedule Spring 2019

ME3560 Tentative Schedule Spring 2019 Week Number Date Lecture Topics Covered Prior to Lecture Read Section Assignment Prep Problems for Prep Probs. Must be Solved by 1 Monday 1/7/2019 1 Introduction to

UNIT V : DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS AND MODEL STUDIES

UNIT V : DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS AND MODEL STUDIES 1. Define dimensional analysis. Dimensional analysis is a mathematical technique which makes use of the study of dimensions as an aid to solution of several

ME3560 Tentative Schedule Fall 2018

ME3560 Tentative Schedule Fall 2018 Week Number 1 Wednesday 8/29/2018 1 Date Lecture Topics Covered Introduction to course, syllabus and class policies. Math Review. Differentiation. Prior to Lecture Read

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS:

Important Definitions: MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS: Fluid: A substance that can flow is called Fluid Both liquids and gases are fluids Pressure: The normal force acting per unit area of a surface is

Lesson 6 Review of fundamentals: Fluid flow

Lesson 6 Review of fundamentals: Fluid flow The specific objective of this lesson is to conduct a brief review of the fundamentals of fluid flow and present: A general equation for conservation of mass

2 Internal Fluid Flow

Internal Fluid Flow.1 Definitions Fluid Dynamics The study of fluids in motion. Static Pressure The pressure at a given point exerted by the static head of the fluid present directly above that point.

UNIT II Real fluids. FMM / KRG / MECH / NPRCET Page 78. Laminar and turbulent flow

UNIT II Real fluids The flow of real fluids exhibits viscous effect that is they tend to "stick" to solid surfaces and have stresses within their body. You might remember from earlier in the course Newtons

CE MECHANICS OF FLUIDS

CE60 - MECHANICS OF FLUIDS (FOR III SEMESTER) UNIT II FLUID STATICS & KINEMATICS PREPARED BY R.SURYA, M.E Assistant Professor DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING SRI VIDYA COLLEGE

Figure 3: Problem 7. (a) 0.9 m (b) 1.8 m (c) 2.7 m (d) 3.6 m

1. For the manometer shown in figure 1, if the absolute pressure at point A is 1.013 10 5 Pa, the absolute pressure at point B is (ρ water =10 3 kg/m 3, ρ Hg =13.56 10 3 kg/m 3, ρ oil = 800kg/m 3 ): (a)

1 FLUIDS AND THEIR PROPERTIES

FLUID MECHANICS CONTENTS CHAPTER DESCRIPTION PAGE NO 1 FLUIDS AND THEIR PROPERTIES PART A NOTES 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Fluids 1.3 Newton s Law of Viscosity 1.4 The Continuum Concept of a Fluid 1.5 Types

s and FE X. A. Flow measurement B. properties C. statics D. impulse, and momentum equations E. Pipe and other internal flow 7% of FE Morning Session I

Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) Exam General Section Steven Burian Civil & Environmental Engineering October 26, 2010 s and FE X. A. Flow measurement B. properties C. statics D. impulse, and momentum

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS

CHAPTER-10 MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS QUESTIONS 1 marks questions 1. What are fluids? 2. How are fluids different from solids? 3. Define thrust of a liquid. 4. Define liquid pressure. 5. Is pressure

CH.1 Overview of Fluid Mechanics/22 MARKS. 1.1 Fluid Fundamentals.

Content : 1.1 Fluid Fundamentals. 08 Marks Classification of Fluid, Properties of fluids like Specific Weight, Specific gravity, Surface tension, Capillarity, Viscosity. Specification of hydraulic oil

Fluid Mechanics Answer Key of Objective & Conventional Questions

019 MPROVEMENT Mechanical Engineering Fluid Mechanics Answer Key of Objective & Conventional Questions 1 Fluid Properties 1. (c). (b) 3. (c) 4. (576) 5. (3.61)(3.50 to 3.75) 6. (0.058)(0.05 to 0.06) 7.

Tutorial 10. Boundary layer theory

Tutorial 10 Boundary layer theory 1. If the velocity distribution law in a laminar boundary layer over a flat plate is assumes to be of the form, determine the velocity distribution law. At y = 0, u= 0

Steven Burian Civil & Environmental Engineering September 25, 2013

Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) Exam Mechanics Steven Burian Civil & Environmental Engineering September 25, 2013 s and FE Morning ( Mechanics) A. Flow measurement 7% of FE Morning B. properties Session

BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (COMPUTER INTEGRATED MANUFACTURING)

No. of Printed Pages : 6 BME-028 BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (COMPUTER INTEGRATED MANUFACTURING) Term-End Examination December, 2011 00792 BME-028 : FLUID MECHANICS Time : 3 hours

Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics

Sixth Edition Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics International Student Version BRUCE R. MUNSON DONALD F. YOUNG Department of Aerospace Engineering and Engineering Mechanics THEODORE H. OKIISHI Department

11.1 Mass Density. Fluids are materials that can flow, and they include both gases and liquids. The mass density of a liquid or gas is an

Chapter 11 Fluids 11.1 Mass Density Fluids are materials that can flow, and they include both gases and liquids. The mass density of a liquid or gas is an important factor that determines its behavior

Chapter 1 Fluid and their Properties

June -15 Jan - 16 GTU Paper Analysis (New Syllabus) Chapter 1 Fluid and their Properties Sr. No. Questions Theory 2. Explain the following terms: Relative density 2. Kinematic viscosity 3. Cavitation 4.

CLASS SCHEDULE 2013 FALL

CLASS SCHEDULE 2013 FALL Class # or Lab # 1 Date Aug 26 2 28 Important Concepts (Section # in Text Reading, Lecture note) Examples/Lab Activities Definition fluid; continuum hypothesis; fluid properties

Fluid Mechanics c) Orificemeter a) Viscous force, Turbulence force, Compressible force a) Turbulence force c) Integration d) The flow is rotational

Fluid Mechanics 1. Which is the cheapest device for measuring flow / discharge rate. a) Venturimeter b) Pitot tube c) Orificemeter d) None of the mentioned 2. Which forces are neglected to obtain Euler

Mechanical Engineering Programme of Study

Mechanical Engineering Programme of Study Fluid Mechanics Instructor: Marios M. Fyrillas Email: eng.fm@fit.ac.cy SOLVED EXAMPLES ON VISCOUS FLOW 1. Consider steady, laminar flow between two fixed parallel

FE Exam Fluids Review October 23, Important Concepts

FE Exam Fluids Review October 3, 013 mportant Concepts Density, specific volume, specific weight, specific gravity (Water 1000 kg/m^3, Air 1. kg/m^3) Meaning & Symbols? Stress, Pressure, Viscosity; Meaning

ACE Engineering College

ACE Engineering College Ankushapur (V), Ghatkesar (M), R.R.Dist 501 301. * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * MECHANICS OF FLUIDS & HYDRAULIC

Fluid Mechanics Introduction

Fluid Mechanics Introduction Fluid mechanics study the fluid under all conditions of rest and motion. Its approach is analytical, mathematical, and empirical (experimental and observation). Fluid can be

Hydraulics and hydrology

Hydraulics and hydrology - project exercises - Class 4 and 5 Pipe flow Discharge (Q) (called also as the volume flow rate) is the volume of fluid that passes through an area per unit time. The discharge

Friction Factors and Drag Coefficients

Levicky 1 Friction Factors and Drag Coefficients Several equations that we have seen have included terms to represent dissipation of energy due to the viscous nature of fluid flow. For example, in the

FACULTY OF CHEMICAL & ENERGY ENGINEERING FLUID MECHANICS LABORATORY TITLE OF EXPERIMENT: MINOR LOSSES IN PIPE (E4)

FACULTY OF CHEMICAL & ENERGY ENGINEERING FLUID MECHANICS LABORATORY TITLE OF EXPERIMENT: MINOR LOSSES IN PIPE (E4) 1 1.0 Objectives The objective of this experiment is to calculate loss coefficient (K

Introduction to Marine Hydrodynamics

1896 1920 1987 2006 Introduction to Marine Hydrodynamics (NA235) Department of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering School of Naval Architecture, Ocean & Civil Engineering First Assignment The first

Reynolds, an engineering professor in early 1880 demonstrated two different types of flow through an experiment:

7 STEADY FLOW IN PIPES 7.1 Reynolds Number Reynolds, an engineering professor in early 1880 demonstrated two different types of flow through an experiment: Laminar flow Turbulent flow Reynolds apparatus

Fluid Mechanics. Forces on Fluid Elements. Fluid Elements - Definition:

Fluid Mechanics Chapter 2: Fluid Statics Lecture 3 Forces on Fluid Elements Fluid Elements - Definition: Fluid element can be defined as an infinitesimal region of the fluid continuum in isolation from

Fluid Mechanics Prof. T.I. Eldho Department of Civil Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay. Lecture - 17 Laminar and Turbulent flows

Fluid Mechanics Prof. T.I. Eldho Department of Civil Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay Lecture - 17 Laminar and Turbulent flows Welcome back to the video course on fluid mechanics. In

Chapter (6) Energy Equation and Its Applications

Chapter (6) Energy Equation and Its Applications Bernoulli Equation Bernoulli equation is one of the most useful equations in fluid mechanics and hydraulics. And it s a statement of the principle of conservation

Chapter -5(Section-1) Friction in Solids and Liquids

Chapter -5(Section-1) Friction in Solids and Liquids Que 1: Define friction. What are its causes? Ans : Friction:- When two bodies are in contact with each other and if one body is made to move then the

Applied Fluid Mechanics

Applied Fluid Mechanics 1. The Nature of Fluid and the Study of Fluid Mechanics 2. Viscosity of Fluid 3. Pressure Measurement 4. Forces Due to Static Fluid 5. Buoyancy and Stability 6. Flow of Fluid and

Experiment- To determine the coefficient of impact for vanes. Experiment To determine the coefficient of discharge of an orifice meter.

SUBJECT: FLUID MECHANICS VIVA QUESTIONS (M.E 4 th SEM) Experiment- To determine the coefficient of impact for vanes. Q1. Explain impulse momentum principal. Ans1. Momentum equation is based on Newton s

Principles of Convection

Principles of Convection Point Conduction & convection are similar both require the presence of a material medium. But convection requires the presence of fluid motion. Heat transfer through the: Solid

Benha University College of Engineering at Benha Questions For Corrective Final Examination Subject: Fluid Mechanics M 201 May 24/ 2016

Benha University College of Engineering at Benha Questions For Corrective Final Examination Subject: Fluid Mechanics M 01 May 4/ 016 Second year Mech. Time :180 min. Examiner:Dr.Mohamed Elsharnoby Attempt

UNIT -5. Dimensional Analysis. Model Analysis. Fundamental Dimensions Dimensional Homogeneity Method of analysis

UNIT -5 Dimensional Analysis Fundamental Dimensions Dimensional Homogeneity Method of analysis Rayleigh Method Buckingham pi theorem Method Model Analysis Dimensionless parameters Similitude and model

τ du In his lecture we shall look at how the forces due to momentum changes on the fluid and viscous forces compare and what changes take place.

4. Real fluids The flow of real fluids exhibits viscous effect, that is they tend to stick to solid surfaces and have stresses within their body. You might remember from earlier in the course Newtons law

Chapter 9: Solids and Fluids

Chapter 9: Solids and Fluids State of matters: Solid, Liquid, Gas and Plasma. Solids Has definite volume and shape Can be crystalline or amorphous Molecules are held in specific locations by electrical

Visualization of flow pattern over or around immersed objects in open channel flow.

EXPERIMENT SEVEN: FLOW VISUALIZATION AND ANALYSIS I OBJECTIVE OF THE EXPERIMENT: Visualization of flow pattern over or around immersed objects in open channel flow. II THEORY AND EQUATION: Open channel:

GATE PSU. Chemical Engineering. Fluid Mechanics. For. The Gate Coach 28, Jia Sarai, Near IIT Hauzkhas, New Delhi 16 (+91) ,

For GATE PSU Chemical Engineering Fluid Mechanics GATE Syllabus Fluid statics, Newtonian and non-newtonian fluids, Bernoulli equation, Macroscopic friction factors, energy balance, dimensional analysis,

Hydraulics for Urban Storm Drainage

Urban Hydraulics Hydraulics for Urban Storm Drainage Learning objectives: understanding of basic concepts of fluid flow and how to analyze conduit flows, free surface flows. to analyze, hydrostatic pressure

5 ENERGY EQUATION OF FLUID MOTION

5 ENERGY EQUATION OF FLUID MOTION 5.1 Introduction In order to develop the equations that describe a flow, it is assumed that fluids are subject to certain fundamental laws of physics. The pertinent laws

William В. Brower, Jr. A PRIMER IN FLUID MECHANICS. Dynamics of Flows in One Space Dimension. CRC Press Boca Raton London New York Washington, D.C.

William В. Brower, Jr. A PRIMER IN FLUID MECHANICS Dynamics of Flows in One Space Dimension CRC Press Boca Raton London New York Washington, D.C. Table of Contents Chapter 1 Fluid Properties Kinetic Theory

Chapter 7 The Energy Equation

Chapter 7 The Energy Equation 7.1 Energy, Work, and Power When matter has energy, the matter can be used to do work. A fluid can have several forms of energy. For example a fluid jet has kinetic energy,

Stream line, turbulent flow and Viscosity of liquids - Poiseuille s Method

Stream line, turbulent flow and Viscosity of liquids - Poiseuille s Method Dr D. Arun Kumar Assistant Professor Department of Physical Sciences Bannari Amman Institute of Technology Sathyamangalam General

MULTIPLE-CHOICE PROBLEMS:(Two marks per answer) (Circle the Letter Beside the Most Correct Answer in the Questions Below.)

MULTIPLE-CHOICE PROLEMS:(Two marks per answer) (Circle the Letter eside the Most Correct Answer in the Questions elow.) 1. The absolute viscosity µ of a fluid is primarily a function of: a. Density. b.

Experiment (4): Flow measurement

Experiment (4): Flow measurement Introduction: The flow measuring apparatus is used to familiarize the students with typical methods of flow measurement of an incompressible fluid and, at the same time

Chapter 10 - Mechanical Properties of Fluids. The blood pressure in humans is greater at the feet than at the brain

Question 10.1: Explain why The blood pressure in humans is greater at the feet than at the brain Atmospheric pressure at a height of about 6 km decreases to nearly half of its value at the sea level, though

Applied Fluid Mechanics

Applied Fluid Mechanics 1. The Nature of Fluid and the Study of Fluid Mechanics 2. Viscosity of Fluid 3. Pressure Measurement 4. Forces Due to Static Fluid 5. Buoyancy and Stability 6. Flow of Fluid and

Applied Fluid Mechanics

Applied Fluid Mechanics 1. The Nature of Fluid and the Study of Fluid Mechanics 2. Viscosity of Fluid 3. Pressure Measurement 4. Forces Due to Static Fluid 5. Buoyancy and Stability 6. Flow of Fluid and

PART 1B EXPERIMENTAL ENGINEERING. SUBJECT: FLUID MECHANICS & HEAT TRANSFER LOCATION: HYDRAULICS LAB (Gnd Floor Inglis Bldg) BOUNDARY LAYERS AND DRAG

1 PART 1B EXPERIMENTAL ENGINEERING SUBJECT: FLUID MECHANICS & HEAT TRANSFER LOCATION: HYDRAULICS LAB (Gnd Floor Inglis Bldg) EXPERIMENT T3 (LONG) BOUNDARY LAYERS AND DRAG OBJECTIVES a) To measure the velocity

Fluids and their Properties

Chapter (1) Fluids and their Properties Dr. KHALIL MAHMOUD ALASTAL Eng.Mohammed AbuRahma Eng.Reem Sbaih 2017 Newton s Law of Viscosity: - / Non-Newtonian Fluids: - Mass Density: - / Specific weight: -

Lecture 3 The energy equation

Lecture 3 The energy equation Dr Tim Gough: t.gough@bradford.ac.uk General information Lab groups now assigned Timetable up to week 6 published Is there anyone not yet on the list? Week 3 Week 4 Week 5

MM303 FLUID MECHANICS I PROBLEM SET 1 (CHAPTER 2) FALL v=by 2 =-6 (1/2) 2 = -3/2 m/s

MM303 FLUID MECHANICS I PROBLEM SET 1 (CHAPTER ) FALL 018 1) For the velocity fields given below, determine: i) Whether the flow field is one-, two-, or three-dimensional, and why. ii) Whether the flow

Chapter 10. Solids and Fluids

Chapter 10 Solids and Fluids Surface Tension Net force on molecule A is zero Pulled equally in all directions Net force on B is not zero No molecules above to act on it Pulled toward the center of the

Q1 Give answers to all of the following questions (5 marks each):

FLUID MECHANICS First Year Exam Solutions 03 Q Give answers to all of the following questions (5 marks each): (a) A cylinder of m in diameter is made with material of relative density 0.5. It is moored

1-Reynold s Experiment

Lect.No.8 2 nd Semester Flow Dynamics in Closed Conduit (Pipe Flow) 1 of 21 The flow in closed conduit ( flow in pipe ) is differ from this occur in open channel where the flow in pipe is at a pressure

Chapter 14. Lecture 1 Fluid Mechanics. Dr. Armen Kocharian

Chapter 14 Lecture 1 Fluid Mechanics Dr. Armen Kocharian States of Matter Solid Has a definite volume and shape Liquid Has a definite volume but not a definite shape Gas unconfined Has neither a definite

FLUID MECHANICS. Gaza. Chapter CHAPTER 44. Motion of Fluid Particles and Streams. Dr. Khalil Mahmoud ALASTAL

FLUID MECHANICS Gaza Chapter CHAPTER 44 Motion of Fluid Particles and Streams Dr. Khalil Mahmoud ALASTAL Objectives of this Chapter: Introduce concepts necessary to analyze fluids in motion. Identify differences

Applied Fluid Mechanics

Applied Fluid Mechanics 1. The Nature of Fluid and the Study of Fluid Mechanics 2. Viscosity of Fluid 3. Pressure Measurement 4. Forces Due to Static Fluid 5. Buoyancy and Stability 6. Flow of Fluid and

FLUID MECHANICS D203 SAE SOLUTIONS TUTORIAL 2 APPLICATIONS OF BERNOULLI SELF ASSESSMENT EXERCISE 1

FLUID MECHANICS D203 SAE SOLUTIONS TUTORIAL 2 APPLICATIONS OF BERNOULLI SELF ASSESSMENT EXERCISE 1 1. A pipe 100 mm bore diameter carries oil of density 900 kg/m3 at a rate of 4 kg/s. The pipe reduces

CHAPTER 1 Fluids and their Properties

FLUID MECHANICS Gaza CHAPTER 1 Fluids and their Properties Dr. Khalil Mahmoud ALASTAL Objectives of this Chapter: Define the nature of a fluid. Show where fluid mechanics concepts are common with those

Subject-wise Tests. Tests will be activated at 6:00 pm on scheduled day

Subject-wise Tests Tests will be activated at 6:00 pm on scheduled day Test No Test-01 Test-02 SM-1 Economic development in India since independence with emphasis on Andhra Pradesh + Science & Technology

FLUID MECHANICES LAB:-I

Force Area Length FLUID MECHANICES LAB:-I Experiment:-0 Measurement of viscosity by Redwood viscometer. Aim: - To determine the kinematic viscosity of a liquid and its variation with temperature. Apparatus:-

Mass of fluid leaving per unit time

5 ENERGY EQUATION OF FLUID MOTION 5.1 Eulerian Approach & Control Volume In order to develop the equations that describe a flow, it is assumed that fluids are subject to certain fundamental laws of physics.

Chapter 14. Fluid Mechanics

Chapter 14 Fluid Mechanics States of Matter Solid Has a definite volume and shape Liquid Has a definite volume but not a definite shape Gas unconfined Has neither a definite volume nor shape All of these

LECTURE 1 THE CONTENTS OF THIS LECTURE ARE AS FOLLOWS:

LECTURE 1 THE CONTENTS OF THIS LECTURE ARE AS FOLLOWS: 1.0 INTRODUCTION TO FLUID AND BASIC EQUATIONS 2.0 REYNOLDS NUMBER AND CRITICAL VELOCITY 3.0 APPROACH TOWARDS REYNOLDS NUMBER REFERENCES Page 1 of

Lecture 2 Flow classifications and continuity

Lecture 2 Flow classifications and continuity Dr Tim Gough: t.gough@bradford.ac.uk General information 1 No tutorial week 3 3 rd October 2013 this Thursday. Attempt tutorial based on examples from today

Dimensions represent classes of units we use to describe a physical quantity. Most fluid problems involve four primary dimensions

BEE 5330 Fluids FE Review, Feb 24, 2010 1 A fluid is a substance that can not support a shear stress. Liquids differ from gasses in that liquids that do not completely fill a container will form a free

MULTIPLE-CHOICE PROBLEMS :(Two marks per answer) (Circle the Letter Beside the Most Correct Answer in the Questions Below.)

Test Midterm 1 F2013 MULTIPLE-CHOICE PROBLEMS :(Two marks per answer) (Circle the Letter Beside the Most Correct nswer in the Questions Below.) 1. The absolute viscosity µ of a fluid is primarily a function

Dimensional and Model Analysis

Dimensional and Model Analysis 5.1 Fundamental dimensions 5.2 Rayleigh s and Buckingham s method 5.3 Dimension less numbers and their significance 5.4 Hydraulic similitude 5.5 Type of models 5.6 Distorted

Chapter 4 DYNAMICS OF FLUID FLOW

Faculty Of Engineering at Shobra nd Year Civil - 016 Chapter 4 DYNAMICS OF FLUID FLOW 4-1 Types of Energy 4- Euler s Equation 4-3 Bernoulli s Equation 4-4 Total Energy Line (TEL) and Hydraulic Grade Line

vector H. If O is the point about which moments are desired, the angular moment about O is given:

The angular momentum A control volume analysis can be applied to the angular momentum, by letting B equal to angularmomentum vector H. If O is the point about which moments are desired, the angular moment

COURSE NUMBER: ME 321 Fluid Mechanics I 3 credit hour. Basic Equations in fluid Dynamics

COURSE NUMBER: ME 321 Fluid Mechanics I 3 credit hour Basic Equations in fluid Dynamics Course teacher Dr. M. Mahbubur Razzaque Professor Department of Mechanical Engineering BUET 1 Description of Fluid