Closed loop of moving charges (electrons move  flow of negative charges; positive ions move  flow of positive charges. Nucleus not moving)


 Edward Hamilton
 3 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 Unit 2: Electricity and Magnetism Lesson 3: Simple Circuits Electric circuits transfer energy. Electrical energy is converted into light, heat, sound, mechanical work, etc. The byproduct of any circuit is always heat. Circuit: Closed loop of moving charges (electrons move  flow of negative charges; positive ions move  flow of positive charges. Nucleus not moving) Voltage: The amount of work that each charge will do as it goes through the circuit. It is the amount of push on the charges. (SI unit V  volt) Voltmeter: Instrument used to measure voltage change between 2 points in a circuit. They have very high resistance so that the current flow through them is a minimum. A voltmeter is always connected in parallel with the part of the circuit for which you wish to measure voltage. Voltmeters are connected positive to negative, and negative to positive. Current: (electron current) Flow of charged particles  the rate of flow of charges  Charge/sec, C/s (SI unit A  Ampere) symbol I Ammeter: Instrument used to measure current through a branch of an electric circuit. Ammeters have very low resistance so that the current flow through them is a maximum. An ammeter is always connected in series with the branch through which you wish to measure current. Ammeters are 1
2 connected positive to positive and negative to negative. Conventional Current: Flow of positive charge in circuit  defined before we knew that electrons were responsible for flow of electricity (positive charge moves  not nuclei) Conventional current flows from high potential to low potential. Electromagnetism: When electrons flow in a circuit, they create a magnetic field (static charges create only electric fields). Resistance: The opposition to the flow of charge. Any appliance that asks the charge to do work will slow it down. (SI unit Ω, ohm) 1 Ω = 1 V/ 1 A An electron traveling through the wires and loads of the external circuit encounters resistance. Resistance is the hindrance to the flow of charge. For an electron, the journey from terminal to terminal is not a direct route. Rather, it is a zigzag path that results from countless collisions with fixed atoms within the conducting material. The electrons encounter resistance  a hindrance to their movement. While the electric potential difference established between the two terminals encourages the movement of charge, it is resistance that discourages it. The rate at which charge flows from terminal to terminal is the result of the combined effect of these two quantities. The free electrons in a conductor behave like molecules in an ordinary gas. They move quickly and randomly, colliding with each other and with the atoms. When an electric field is applied across a conductor, in addition to the rapid random motion, the electrons drift very slowly (about 105 m/s) towards the positive end. This is the electron gas model. 2
3 Factors That Affect Resistance Resistance of a solid conductor depends upon: 1. resistivity of the material (ρ  Ω cm) 2. length of the conductor (L  m, meters, must change to cm) 3. crosssectional area of the conductor (A, cm 2 ) 4. temperature The resistance, R, of a material of length, L, and crosssectional area, A, is given by: What happens to R (assume ρ is a constant): As you increase A? As you increase L? Examples: (use resistivity table) 1. Calculate the resistance of a 24 Gauge, Cu wire, 6.5 m long. 2. Calculate the resistance of an 18 Gauge, Ag wire, 50 m long. 3
4 Resistivity: Inherent property of the material. Its unit is Ω cm or Ω m. Insulators have high resistivity (low conductivity). Conductors have low resistivity (high conductivity). Superconductivity & Critical temperature: Temperature below which resistivity of a class of materials goes to zero. Below the critical temperature, these materials offer no resistance to electric current. Once a current is established in a superconducting material below its critical temperature, it continues indefinitely with no need of an outside voltage source. Metals superconduct at temperatures slightly above absolute zero. The Simple Circuit A simple circuit contains the minimum things needed to have a functioning electric circuit. A simple circuit requires 3 things: 1. A source of electrical potential difference or voltage (typically a battery or electrical outlet) 2. A conductive path which would allow for the movement of charges (wire) 3. An electrical resistance (resistor) which is loosely defined as any object that uses electricity to do work (a light bulb, electric motor, heating element, speaker, etc.) 4
5 battery or source: escalator  raises charges to a higher level of energy. resistor: paddle wheel  As charges move through the circuit, they do work on the resistor and as a result, they lose energy. By the time each charge makes it back to the battery, it has lost all the energy given to it by the battery. As the charges move through a wire, they lose no energy (assuming the wires are short and are a good conductor). The potential drop (  potential difference) across the resistor is the same as the potential rise( + potential difference) across the battery. The charges are positive so this is a representation of Conventional Current (the apparent flow of positive charges) The charges are only flowing in one direction so this would be considered direct current (D.C. ). Draw a simple circuit show conventional current direction and electron current direction. Short Circuit: A circuit with a battery and a wire leading from positive to negative terminal without an electrical device (light bulb, beeper, motor, etc.) would lead to a high rate of charge flow. Such a circuit is referred to as a short circuit. With charge flowing rapidly between terminals, the rate at which energy would be consumed would be high, and the wires get heated to a high temperature. 5
6 Ohm's Law describes mathematically the relationship between current and voltage (potential difference). The more potential difference you have the greater your current is going to be. The more resistance a circuit has, the lower the current is going to be. The following equation is Ohm's Law. It holds true for any circuit as long as temperature does not change. Ohm s law 1. Find the resistance of an electric light bulb if there is a current of 0.8 A and a potential difference of 120 V. Ans: 150 Ω 2. An 8 Ω resistor, a switch, and a 12 V battery are connected in a circuit. Draw the circuit diagram. Calculate the current. 6
7 3. A 541Watt toaster is connected to a 120V household outlet. What is the resistance of the toaster? Electric power (Joules Law) Joule experimentally determined the relationship between thermal energy and current flow. Power = rate of doing work = Joules/sec. Power = P = W t Work done on charge Time Power is the rate at which electrical energy is supplied to a circuit or consumed by a load. Power = Energy Consumed by Load Time A 60watt light bulb  60 joules of energy delivered to the light bulb every second. The ratio of the energy delivered or expended by the device to time is equal to the wattage of the device. Calculating Power: We can show that electric power is the product of the electric potential difference and the current. Power is the rate at which energy is added to or removed from a circuit by a battery or a load. Current is the rate at which charge moves past a point on a circuit. 7
8 Electric potential difference across the two ends of a circuit is the potential energy difference per charge between those two points. Combining equations, ΔPE = ΔV.Q Equations for Electric Power: 1. Power (P), Voltage (V), Current (I) 2. Power (P), Voltage (V), Resistance (R) 3. Power (P), Current (I), Resistance (R) Examples: 1. Given a resistance of 5 ohms and a current of 10 amperes, what power is dissipated in the circuit? 8
9 2. A 12 V battery is connected in a circuit. An ammeter reads 2 A. What resistance is connected in the circuit? What power is dissipated in the circuit? 3. Calculate the resistance and the current of a 7.5Watt night light bulb plugged into a US household outlet (120 V). 4. The sticker on a compact disc player says that it draws 288 ma of current when powered by a 9 Volt battery. What is the power (in Watts) of the CD player? 5. The box on a table saw indicates that the amperage at startup is 15 Amps. Determine the resistance and the power of the motor during this time. Electrical Energy Power companies supply our electrical energy. Examples: 9
10 1. A 12 V battery is connected in a circuit. An ammeter reads 2 A. What resistance is connected in the circuit? What power is dissipated in the circuit? What electrical energy is used after 4 sec? 2. If a 120 V battery is connected in a circuit, and the ammeter reading is 1.5 A, what power is dissipated in the circuit? What resistance is connected in the circuit? What electrical energy is used after 3 minutes? 3. A 6 V battery delivers 0.5 A of current to an electric motor. What power is dissipated by the motor? How much electrical energy does it use in 5 min? Ans: 3 W; 900 J 4. A steam iron draws 6.0 A when connected to a potential difference of 120 V. a. What is the power rating of this iron? b. How many joules of energy are produced in 20.0 min. c. How much does it cost to run the iron for 20.0 min at 0.010/kWh? 5. You leave your 75 W light on for 2 weeks while you are on vacation. If the voltage is 120 V, calculate the current. How much does it cost you to run the light if electricity costs $.15 / Kwh? 6. A small electric furnace that expends 2.00 kw of power is connected across a potential difference of V. a. What is the current in the circuit? b. What is the resistance of the circuit? c. What is the cost of operating the furnace for 24.0 h at 7.00 cents/kwh? 10
11 7. An 11.0 W energyefficient fluorescent lamp is designed to produce the same illumination as a conventional 40.0 W lamp. a. How much energy does this lamp save during hours of use? b. If electrical energy costs $0.080/kWh, how much money is saved in hours? 11
Electron Theory of Charge. Electricity. 1. Matter is made of atoms. Refers to the generation of or the possession of electric charge.
Electricity Refers to the generation of or the possession of electric charge. There are two kinds of electricity: 1. Static Electricity the electric charges are "still" or static 2. Current Electricity
More informationElectricity. Prepared by Juan Blázquez, Alissa Gildemann. Electric charge is a property of all objects. It is responsible for electrical phenomena.
Unit 11 Electricity 1. Electric charge Electric charge is a property of all objects. It is responsible for electrical phenomena. Electrical phenomena are caused by the forces of attraction and repulsion.
More informationSection 1 Electric Charge and Force
CHAPTER OUTLINE Section 1 Electric Charge and Force Key Idea questions > What are the different kinds of electric charge? > How do materials become charged when rubbed together? > What force is responsible
More informationELECTRICITY UNIT REVIEW
ELECTRICITY UNIT REVIEW S1304: How does the Atomic Model help to explain static electricity? 1. Which best describes static electricity? a) charges that can be collected and held in one place b) charges
More informationElectricity Test Review
Electricity Test Review Definitions; Series Circuit, Parallel Circuit, Equivalent Resistance, Fuse, Circuit Breaker, kilowatt hour, load, short circuit, dry cell, wet cell, fuel cells, solar cells, fossil
More informationRead Chapter 7; pages:
Forces Read Chapter 7; pages: 191221 Objectives:  Describe how electrical charges exert forces on each other; Compare the strengths of electric and gravitational forces; Distinguish between conductors
More informationTest Review Electricity
Name: Date: 1. An operating television set draws 0.71 ampere of current when connected to a 120volt outlet. Calculate the time it takes the television to consume 3.0 10 5 joules of electric energy. [Show
More informationElectric Current. Chapter 17. Electric Current, cont QUICK QUIZ Current and Resistance. Sections: 1, 3, 4, 6, 7, 9
Electric Current Chapter 17 Current and Resistance Sections: 1, 3, 4, 6, 7, 9 Whenever electric charges of like signs move, an electric current is said to exist The current is the rate at which the charge
More informationElectroscope Used to are transferred to the and Foil becomes and
Electricity Notes Chapter 17 Section 1: Electric Charge and Forces Electric charge is a variety of independent all with one single name. Electricity is related to, and both () and (+) carry a charge.
More informationChapter 21 Electric Current and Circuits
Chapter 21 Electric Current and Circuits 1 As an introduction to this chapter you should view the following movie. If you cannot click on the link, then copy it and paste it into your web browser. http://www.ionaphysics.org/movies/vir.mp4
More informationDynamic Electricity. All you need to be an inventor is a good imagination and a pile of junk. Thomas Edison
Dynamic Electricity All you need to be an inventor is a good imagination and a pile of junk. Thomas Edison Review Everything is made of atoms which contain POSITIVE particles called PROTONS and NEGATIVE
More informationELECTRICITY. Prepared by: M. S. KumarSwamy, TGT(Maths) Page
ELECTRICITY 1. Name a device that helps to maintain a potential difference across a conductor. Cell or battery 2. Define 1 volt. Express it in terms of SI unit of work and charge calculate the amount of
More informationSection 1: Electric Charge and Force
Electricity Section 1 Section 1: Electric Charge and Force Preview Key Ideas Bellringer Electric Charge Transfer of Electric Charge Induced Charges Charging by Contact Electric Force Electric Field Lines
More informationELECTRICITY. Electric Circuit. What do you already know about it? Do Smarty Demo 5/30/2010. Electric Current. Voltage? Resistance? Current?
ELECTRICITY What do you already know about it? Voltage? Resistance? Current? Do Smarty Demo 1 Electric Circuit A path over which electrons travel, out through the negative terminal, through the conductor,
More informationChapter 33  Electric Fields and Potential. Chapter 34  Electric Current
Chapter 33  Electric Fields and Potential Chapter 34  Electric Current Electric Force acts through a field An electric field surrounds every electric charge. It exerts a force that causes electric charges
More informationPart 4: Electricity & Magnetism
Part 4: Electricity & Magnetism Notes: Magnetism Magnetism Magnets: 1.Have a north and south pole 2.Like poles repel; opposite poles attract  The larger the distance between the magnets, the weaker the
More information670 Intro Physics Notes: Electric Current and Circuits
Name: Electric Current Date: / / 670 Intro Physics Notes: Electric Current and Circuits 1. Previously, we learned about static electricity. Static electricity deals with charges that are at rest. 2. Now
More informationName: Class: Date: 1. Friction can result in the transfer of protons from one object to another as the objects rub against each other.
Class: Date: Physics Test Review Modified True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the statement true. 1. Friction can result in
More informationLESSON 5: ELECTRICITY II
LESSON 5: ELECTRICITY II The first two points are a review of the previous lesson 1.1.ELECTRIC CHARGE  Electric charge is a property of all objects and is responsible for electrical phenomena. All matter
More informationCurrent and Resistance
Current and Resistance 1 Define the current. Understand the microscopic description of current. Discuss the rat at which the power transfer to a device in an electric current. 2 21 Electric current 22
More informationLesson Plan: Electric Circuits (~130 minutes) Concepts
Lesson Plan: Electric Circuits (~130 minutes) Concepts 1. Electricity is the flow of electric charge (electrons). 2. Electric Charge is a property of subatomic particles. 3. Current is the movement of
More informationInsulators Nonmetals are very good insulators; their electrons are very tightly bonded and cannot move.
SESSION 11: ELECTRIC CIRCUITS Key Concepts Resistance and Ohm s laws Ohmic and nonohmic conductors Series and parallel connection Energy in an electric circuit Xplanation 1. CONDUCTORS AND INSULATORS
More informationCHAPTER 1 ELECTRICITY
CHAPTER 1 ELECTRICITY Electric Current: The amount of charge flowing through a particular area in unit time. In other words, it is the rate of flow of electric charges. Electric Circuit: Electric circuit
More information1 of 23. Boardworks Ltd Electrical Power
1 of 23 Boardworks Ltd 2016 Electrical Power Electrical Power 2 of 23 Boardworks Ltd 2016 What is electrical power? 3 of 23 Boardworks Ltd 2016 Electrical power is the rate at which energy is transferred
More information52 VOLTAGE, CURRENT, RESISTANCE, AND POWER
52 VOLTAGE, CURRENT, RESISTANCE, AND POWER 1. What is voltage, and what are its units? 2. What are some other possible terms for voltage? 3. Batteries create a potential difference. The potential/voltage
More informationNotes: Ohm s Law and Electric Power
Name: Date: / / 644 Intro Physics Notes: Ohm s Law and Electric Power Ohm s Law: Important Terms Term Symbol Units Definition 1. current I amps flow of electric charges through a conductor 2. voltage V
More informationChapter 17. Current and Resistance. Sections: 1, 3, 4, 6, 7, 9
Chapter 17 Current and Resistance Sections: 1, 3, 4, 6, 7, 9 Equations: 2 2 1 e r q q F = k 2 e o r Q k q F E = = I R V = A L R ρ = )] ( 1 [ o o T T + = α ρ ρ V I V t Q P = = R V R I P 2 2 ) ( = = C Q
More informationChapter 16. Current and Drift Speed. Electric Current, cont. Current and Drift Speed, cont. Current and Drift Speed, final
Chapter 6 Current, esistance, and Direct Current Circuits Electric Current Whenever electric charges of like signs move, an electric current is said to exist The current is the rate at which the charge
More informationWHAT ARE THE EFFECTS OF MOVING CHARGES?
ELECTRICITY WHAT ARE THE EFFECTS OF MOVING CHARGES? ELECTRICAL CHARGES Most atoms have the same number of protons and electrons. They often lose and gain electrons. When this happens, the atom s charge
More informationElectricity. dronstudy.com
Electricity Electricity is a basic part of our nature and it is one of our most widely used forms of energy. We use electricity virtually every minute of every day for example in lighting, heating, refrigeration,
More informationCHARGE AND ELECTRIC CURRENT:
ELECTRICITY: CHARGE AND ELECTRIC CURRENT ELECTRIC CHARGE ELECTRIC CURRENT ELECTRIC CIRCUIT DEFINITION AND COMPONENTS EFFECTS OF ELECTRIC CURRENT TYPES OF CIRCUITS ELECTRIC QUANTITIES VOLTAGE CURRENT RESISTANCE
More informationCLASS X ELECTRICITY
Conductor Insulator: Materia Materials through which electric current cannot pass are called insulators. Electric Circuit: A continuous a CLASS X ELECTRICITY als through which electric current can pass
More informationMaterial World Electricity and Magnetism
Material World Electricity and Magnetism Electrical Charge An atom is composed of small particles of matter: protons, neutrons and electrons. The table below describes the charge and distribution of these
More informationNotes on Electricity (Circuits)
A circuit is defined to be a collection of energygivers (batteries) and energytakers (resistors, light bulbs, radios, etc.) that form a closed path (or complete path) through which electrical current
More informationAP Physics C  E & M
Slide 1 / 27 Slide 2 / 27 AP Physics C  E & M Current, Resistance & Electromotive Force 20151205 www.njctl.org Slide 3 / 27 Electric Current Electric Current is defined as the movement of charge from
More informationElectric Current. Volta
Electric Current Galvani Volta In the late 1700's Luigi Galvani and Alessandro Volta carried out experiements dealing with the contraction of frogs' leg muscles. Volta's work led to the invention of the
More informationPhysics 7B1 (A/B) Professor Cebra. Winter 2010 Lecture 2. Simple Circuits. Slide 1 of 20
Physics 7B1 (A/B) Professor Cebra Winter 2010 Lecture 2 Simple Circuits Slide 1 of 20 Conservation of Energy Density In the First lecture, we started with energy conservation. We divided by volume (making
More informationElectric Currents. Resistors (Chapters 2728)
Electric Currents. Resistors (Chapters 2728) Electric current I Resistance R and resistors Relation between current and resistance: Ohm s Law Resistivity ρ Energy dissipated by current. Electric power
More informationCircuitsOhm's Law. 1. Which graph best represents the relationship between the electrical power and the current in a resistor that obeys Ohm s Law?
1. Which graph best represents the relationship between the electrical power and the current in a resistor that obeys Ohm s Law? 2. A potential drop of 50 volts is measured across a 250 ohm resistor.
More information1 Written and composed by: Prof. Muhammad Ali Malik (M. Phil. Physics), Govt. Degree College, Naushera
CURRENT ELECTRICITY Q # 1. What do you know about electric current? Ans. Electric Current The amount of electric charge that flows through a cross section of a conductor per unit time is known as electric
More information9. Which of the following is the correct relationship among power, current, and voltage?. a. P = I/V c. P = I x V b. V = P x I d.
Name: Electricity and Magnetism Test Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement. 1. Resistance is measured in a unit called the. a. ohm c. ampere b. coulomb d. volt 2. The statement
More informationPhysics 201. Professor P. Q. Hung. 311B, Physics Building. Physics 201 p. 1/3
Physics 201 p. 1/3 Physics 201 Professor P. Q. Hung 311B, Physics Building Physics 201 p. 2/3 Summary of last lecture Equipotential surfaces: Surfaces where the potential is the same everywhere, e.g. the
More informationGas discharges. Current flow of electric charge. Electric current (symbol I) L 26 Electricity and Magnetism [3] examples of electrical discharges
L 26 Electricity and Magnetism [3] Electric circuits what conducts electricity what doesn t t conduct electricity Current voltage and resistance Ohm s s Law Heat in a resistor power loss Making simple
More informationThis week. 3/23/2017 Physics 214 Summer
This week Electrical Circuits Series or parallel that s the question. Current, Power and Energy Why does my laptop battery die? Transmission of power to your home Why do we have big transmission towers?
More informationThis week. 6/2/2015 Physics 214 Summer
This week Electrical Circuits Series or parallel that s the question. Current, Power and Energy Why does my laptop battery die? Transmission of power to your home Why do we have big transmission towers?
More informationElectric Currents and Circuits
Nicholas J. Giordano www.cengage.com/physics/giordano Chapter 19 Electric Currents and Circuits Marilyn Akins, PhD Broome Community College Electric Circuits The motion of charges leads to the idea of
More informationAC vs. DC Circuits. Constant voltage circuits. The voltage from an outlet is alternating voltage
Circuits AC vs. DC Circuits Constant voltage circuits Typically referred to as direct current or DC Computers, logic circuits, and battery operated devices are examples of DC circuits The voltage from
More informationLearning Module 2: Fundamentals of Electricity. 101 Basic Series
Learning Module 2: Fundamentals of Electricity 101 Basic Series What You Will Learn We will start with an overview to introduce you to the main points about electricity, then we will step through each
More informationWhat are the two types of current? The two types of current are direct current and alternating current.
Electric Current What are the two types of current? The two types of current are direct current and alternating current. Electric Current The continuous flow of electric charge is an electric current.
More informationSTUDY GUIDE CHAPTER 5 ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM 1) ASSOCIATE ELEMENTARY PARTICLES WITH THEIR ELECTRICAL CHARGE
Name Date STUDY GUIDE CHAPTER 5 ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM 1) ASSOCIATE ELEMENTARY PARTICLES WITH THEIR ELECTRICAL CHARGE Scientists now know that an atom is composed of even smaller particles of matter:
More informationElectric Current & DC Circuits
Electric Current & DC Circuits Circuits Click on the topic to go to that section Conductors Resistivity and Resistance Circuit Diagrams Measurement EMF & Terminal Voltage Kirchhoff's Rules Capacitors*
More informationCurrent Electricity.notebook. December 17, 2012
1 Circuit Diagrams and Assembly 1. Draw a circuit diagram containing a battery, a single throw switch, and a light. 2. Once the diagram has been checked by your teacher, assemble the circuit. Keep the
More informationNote on Posted Slides. Flow of Charge. Electricity/Water Analogy: Continuing the Analogy. Electric Current
Note on Posted Slides These are the slides that I intended to show in class on Tue. Mar. 18, 2014. They contain important ideas and questions from your reading. Due to time constraints, I was probably
More informationLecture Outline Chapter 21. Physics, 4 th Edition James S. Walker. Copyright 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
Lecture Outline Chapter 21 Physics, 4 th Edition James S. Walker Chapter 21 Electric Current and Direct Current Circuits Units of Chapter 21 Electric Current Resistance and Ohm s Law Energy and Power
More informationphysics 4/7/2016 Chapter 31 Lecture Chapter 31 Fundamentals of Circuits Chapter 31 Preview a strategic approach THIRD EDITION
Chapter 31 Lecture physics FOR SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS a strategic approach THIRD EDITION randall d. knight Chapter 31 Fundamentals of Circuits Chapter Goal: To understand the fundamental physical principles
More information(b) State the relation between work, charge and potential difference for an electric circuit.
Question Bank on ChElectricity 1. (a) Define the S.I unit of potential difference. (b) State the relation between work, charge and potential difference for an electric circuit. Calculate the potential
More informationCIRCUITS: Series & Parallel
CIRCUITS: Series & Parallel Last Week s BIG IDEAS: Opposite charged objects attract Like charged objects repel Last Week s BIG IDEAS: The electrons are the loose particles that move to make things charged
More informationPhysics Module Form 5 Chapter 2 Electricity GCKL 2011 CHARGE AND ELECTRIC CURRENT
2.1 CHARGE AND ELECTRIC CURRENT Van de Graaf 1. What is a Van de Graaff generator? Fill in each of the boxes the name of the part shown. A device that... and... at high voltage on its dome. dome 2. You
More informationGreek Letter Omega Ω = Ohm (Volts per Ampere)
) What is electric current? Flow of Electric Charge 2) What is the unit we use for electric current? Amperes (Coulombs per Second) 3) What is electrical resistance? Resistance to Electric Current 4) What
More informationPhysics Module Form 5 Chapter 2 Electricity GCKL 2011 CHARGE AND ELECTRIC CURRENT
2.1 CHARGE AND ELECTRIC CURRENT Van de Graaf 1. What is a Van de Graaff generator? Fill in each of the boxes the name of the part shown. A device that produces and store electric charges at high voltage
More informationContinuous flow of electric charges. Current Electricity
Continuous flow of electric charges Current Electricity Did You Know? The voltage across a muscle cell in your body is about 70 millivolts. A millivolt (mv) is one thousandth of a volt. AC and DC DC Direct
More informationScience Practice Exam. Chapters 5 and 14
Science Practice Exam Chapters 5 and 14 FORMULAS Science and Technology FORMULAS C: concentration m: quantity of solute v: quantity of solution V: potential difference R: resistance I: electric current
More informationChapter 4. Chapter 4
Chapter 4 Energy 1 n Energy, W, is the ability to do work and is measured in joules. One joule is the work done when a force of one newton is applied through a distance of one meter. The symbol for energy,
More informationSPH3U1 Lesson 01 Electricity
ELECTRIC CURRENT AND POTENTIAL DIFFERENCE LEARNING GOALS Students will: Define what is meant by electric current. Solve problems involving current, charge and time. Know the difference between electron
More informationDownloaded from
CHAPTER 12 ELECTRICITY Electricity is a general term that encompasses a variety of phenomena resulting from the presence and flow of electric charge. These include many easily recognizable phenomena such
More informationWhat is an Electric Current?
Electric Circuits NTODUCTON: Electrical circuits are part of everyday human life. e.g. Electric toasters, electric kettle, electric stoves All electrical devices need electric current to operate. n this
More informationp I = Q (charge) t (time)
ClXBBElfT I M C T R I C I T Y 308 *Demonstrate and explain how static and current electricity are alike and different Vocabulary: discharge, circuit, circuit diagram, switch, dry cell, battery, load,
More informationChapter 25 Electric Currents and. Copyright 2009 Pearson Education, Inc.
Chapter 25 Electric Currents and Resistance 251 The Electric Battery Volta discovered that electricity could be created if dissimilar metals were connected by a conductive solution called an electrolyte.
More information1. What is heating effect of current? What is its cause?
GRADE: X PHYSICS (ELECTRICITY) DOMESTIC ELECTRIC CIRCUITS: SERIES OR PARALLEL Disadvantages of series circuits for domestic wiring : In series circuit, if one electrical appliance stops working, due to
More informationEXPERIMENT 12 OHM S LAW
EXPERIMENT 12 OHM S LAW INTRODUCTION: We will study electricity as a flow of electric charge, sometimes making analogies to the flow of water through a pipe. In order for electric charge to flow a complete
More informationElectricity Review completed.notebook. June 13, 2013
Which particle in an atom has no electric charge associated with it? a. proton c. neutron b. electron d. nucleus Jun 12 9:28 PM The electrons in a metal sphere can be made to move by touching it with a
More informationElectrical Circuits. Sources of Voltage
Electrical Circuits ALESSANDRO VOLTA (17451827) ANDRE MARIE AMPERE (17751836) GEORG SIMON OHM (17891854) POTENTIAL IN VOLTS, CURRENT IN AMPS, RESISTANCE IN OHMS! Sources of Voltage Voltage, also known
More informationResistivity and Temperature Coefficients (at 20 C)
Homework # 4 Resistivity and Temperature Coefficients (at 0 C) Substance Resistivity, Temperature ( m) Coefficient, (C )  Conductors Silver.59 x 00.006 Copper.6 x 00.006 Aluminum.65 x 00.0049 Tungsten
More information2. Basic Components and Electrical Circuits
1 2. Basic Components and Electrical Circuits 2.1 Units and Scales The International System of Units (SI) defines 6 principal units from which the units of all other physical quantities can be derived
More informationENGI 1040: ELECTRIC CIRCUITS Winter Part I Basic Circuits
1. Electric Charge ENGI 1040: ELECTRIC CIRCUITS Winter 2018 Part I Basic Circuits atom elementary unit of a material which contains the properties of that material can be modeled as negatively charged
More informationA Review of Circuitry
1 A Review of Circuitry There is an attractive force between a positive and a negative charge. In order to separate these charges, a force at least equal to the attractive force must be applied to one
More informationRelating Voltage, Current and Resistance
Relating Voltage, Current and Resistance Using Ohm s Law in a simple circuit. A Simple Circuit Consists of:! A voltage source often a battery! A load such as a bulb! Conductors arranged to complete a circuit
More informationPSC1341 Chapter 5 Electricity and Magnetism
PSC1341 Chapter 5 Electricity and Magnetism Chapter 5: Electricity and Magnetism A. The Atom B. Electricity C. Static Electricity D. A circuit E. Current and Voltage F. Resistance G. Ohm s Law H. Power
More informationElectric Current & DC Circuits How to Use this File Electric Current & DC Circuits Click on the topic to go to that section Circuits
Slide 1 / 127 Slide 2 / 127 Electric Current & DC Circuits www.njctl.org Slide 3 / 127 How to Use this File Slide 4 / 127 Electric Current & DC Circuits Each topic is composed of brief direct instruction
More information8. Electric circuit: The closed path along which electric current flows is called an electric circuit.
GIST OF THE LESSON 1. Positive and negative charges: The charge acquired by a glass rod when rubbed with silk is called positive charge and the charge acquired by an ebonite rod when rubbed with wool is
More informationand in a simple circuit Part 2
Current, Resistance, and Voltage in a simple circuit Part 2 Electric Current Whenever electric charges of like signs move, an electric current is said to exist. Look at the charges flowing perpendicularly
More informationElectrical equations calculations
Task Use the following equations to answer the questions. You may need to rearrange the equations and convert the units. An example has been done for you. P = I x V V = I x R P = I 2 x R E = P x t E =
More informationPreliminary Course Physics Module 8.3 Electrical Energy in the Home Summative Test. Student Name:
Summative Test Student Name: Date: / / IMPORTANT FORMULAE I = Q/t V = I.R R S = R 1 + R 2 +.. 1/R P = 1/R 1 + 1/R 2 + P = V.I = I 2.R = V 2 /R Energy = V.I.t E = F/q Part A. Multiple Choice Questions 120.
More informationCHAPTER ONE. 1.1 International System of Units and scientific notation : Basic Units: Quantity Basic unit Symbol as shown in table 1
CHAPTER ONE 1.1 International System of Units and scientific notation : 1.1.1 Basic Units: Quantity Basic unit Symbol as shown in table 1 Table 1 1.1.2 Some scientific notations : as shown in table 2 Table
More informationDirect Currents. We will now start to consider charges that are moving through a circuit, currents. Sunday, February 16, 2014
Direct Currents We will now start to consider charges that are moving through a circuit, currents. 1 Direct Current Current usually consists of mobile electrons traveling in conducting materials Direct
More informationOhms Law. V = IR V = voltage in volts (aka potential difference) I = Current in amps R = resistance in ohms (Ω)
Ohms Law V = IR V = voltage in volts (aka potential difference) I = Current in amps R = resistance in ohms (Ω) Current How would you define it? Current the movement of electric charge through a medium
More informationCircuits. Electric Current & DC Circuits. Slide 1 / 127. Slide 2 / 127. Slide 3 / 127. Slide 4 / 127. Slide 5 / 127. Slide 6 / 127
Slide 1 / 127 Slide 2 / 127 New Jersey Center for Teaching and Learning Electric Current & DC Circuits www.njctl.org Progressive Science Initiative This material is made freely available at www.njctl.org
More informationReview. Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
Review Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. When more devices are added to a series circuit, the total circuit resistance: a.
More informationConceptual Physical Science 6 th Edition
Conceptual Physical Science 6 th Edition Chapter 8: STATIC AND CURRENT ELECTRICITY 1 Chapter 8: STATIC AND CURRENT ELECTRICITY Chapter 8: Read: All Homework: Four problems from the following set: 4, 6,
More information11. ELECTRIC CURRENT. Questions and Answers between the forces F e and F c. 3. Write the difference between potential difference and emf. A.
CLSS10 1. Explain how electron flow causes electric current with LorentzDrude theory of electrons?. Drude and Lorentz, proposed that conductors like metals contain a large number of free electrons while
More informationElectric Currents and Circuits
Electric Currents and Circuits Producing Electric Current Electric Current flow of charged particles Need a potential difference to occur Conventional Current flow of positive charges flowing from positive
More informationPhysics 214 Spring
Lecture 23 March 4 2016 The elation between Voltage Differences V and Voltages V? Current Flow, Voltage Drop on esistors and Equivalent esistance Case 1: Series esistor Combination and esulting Currents
More informationTrade of Electrician. Power and Energy
Trade of Electrician Standards Based Apprenticeship Power and Energy Phase 2 Module No. 2.1 Unit No. 2.1.6 COURSE NOTES SOLAS Electrical Course Notes  Unit 2.1.6 Created by Gerry Ryan  Galway TC Revision
More informationElectricity Final Unit Final Assessment
Electricity Final Unit Final Assessment Name k = 1/ (4pe 0 ) = 9.0 10 9 N m 2 C 2 mass of an electron = 9.11 1031 kg mass of a proton = 1.67 1027 kg G = 6.67 1011 N m 2 kg 2 C = 3 x10 8 m/s Show all
More informationAlgebra Based Physics
Page 1 of 105 Algebra Based Physics Electric Current & DC Circuits 20151006 www.njctl.org Page 2 of 105 Electric Current & DC Circuits Circuits Conductors Resistivity and Resistance Circuit Diagrams
More informationChapter19Magnetism and Electricity
Chapter19Magnetism and Electricity Magnetism: attraction of a magnet for another object. Magnetic poles: north & south ends of a magnet, they exert the strongest forces Like poles repel each other, unlike
More informationNotes on Electricity (Circuits)
A circuit is defined to be a collection of energygivers (active elements) and energytakers (passive elements) that form a closed path (or complete path) through which electrical current can flow. The
More informationStatic Electricity. Electric Field. the net accumulation of electric charges on an object
Static Electricity the net accumulation of electric charges on an object Electric Field force exerted by an e  on anything that has an electric charge opposite charges attract like charges repel Static
More informationPhysics 1214 Chapter 19: Current, Resistance, and DirectCurrent Circuits
Physics 1214 Chapter 19: Current, Resistance, and DirectCurrent Circuits 1 Current current: (also called electric current) is an motion of charge from one region of a conductor to another. Current When
More informationElectricity. Power Ratings. Section SPH3U Sec notebook. January 02, 2014
Section 11.1 11.4 Electricity A form of energy resulting from the existence of charged particles (such as electrons or protons), either statically as an accumulation of charge or dynamically as a current
More information