University of Engineering and Technology, Taxila. Department of Civil Engineering

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1 University of Engineering and Technology, Taxila Department of Civil Engineering Course Title: CE-201 Fluid Mechanics - I Pre-requisite(s): None Credit Hours: Contact Hours: Text Book(s): Reference Book(s): Fluid Mechanics with Engineering Applications, Daugherty, R. L., J. b. Franzini and Fenimore, Latest Edition 1. Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics, Monson Young, Latest Edition 2. Fluid Mechanics, Douglus, Latest Edition Catalog Data: Introduction; Fluid Statics; Forces on Immersed Bodies; Fluid Kinematics; Hydrodynamics; Flow Measurement; Steady Flow through Pipes; Pipes in series and parallel; Uniform Flow in Open Channels. Course Objectives: To understand fundamentals of fluid mechanics. To enhance skills of utilizing fluid mechanics for civil engineering applications. Course Learning Outcomes: At the end of this course, the student will: CLO 1: Understand the basic concept of fluid statics and kinematics CLO 2: Understand the steady flow through pipes CLO 3: Have knowledge about fluid mechanics application in civil engineering CLO 4: Have knowledge about uniform flow in open channels

2 Course Contents: 1. Properties of Fluid Mechanics Solids and fluids (liquids and gases) Units and dimensions Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, Fluid Kinematics, Fluid Dynamics Physical properties of fluids; density, specific weight, specific volume, specific gravity, surface tension, compressibility Ideal and Real Fluids, Types of Fluids Viscosity and its measurement Newton's equation of viscosity Hydrostatics Kinematics Hydrodynamics Hydraulics 2. Fluid Statics Pressure intensity and pressure head Pressure and specific weight relationship Absolute and gauge pressure Measurement of pressure Piezometer, manometer Pressure transducers Differential manometer and Borden gauge 3. Forces on Immersed Bodies Forces on submerged planes & curved surfaces and their applications Drag and lift forces, buoyancy and floatation Equilibrium of floating and submerged bodies 4. Fluid Kinematics Steady and unsteady flow Laminar and turbulent flow Uniform and non-uniform flow Pathline streamlines and stream tubes Velocity and discharge Control volume Equation of continuity for compressible and incompressible fluids

3 5. Hydrodynamics / Energy Consideration in Steady Flow Different forms of energy in a flowing liquid Bernoulli's equation and its application Energy line and Hydraulic Gradient Line Introduction to density currents, free and forced vortex Forces on pressure conduits, reducers and bends, stationary and moving blades Torques in rotating machines 6. Flow Measurement Measurement of Static Pressure and Velocity Measurement of Discharge Orifices and mouthpieces, sharp-crested weirs and notches Pitot tube and pitot static tube Venturimeter, velocity methods 7. Steady Flow through Pipes Darcy-Weisbach equation for flow in pipes Losses in pipe lines Hydraulic grade lines and energy lines Pipes in series and parallel Transmission of energy through pipes Introduction to computer aided analysis of pipe networks 8. Steady Flow in Open Channels Chezy s and Manning s equations Bazin s and Kutter s equations Most economical rectangular and trapezoidal sections Grading Policy: Sr. No. Grading % of Total Marks 1. Assignments 10 % 2. Quizzes 10 % 3. Laboratory 20 % 4. Mid Term Exam 20 % 5. Final Exam 40 % Total 100 % Student Learning Outcomes: Students who pass the course will gain the knowledge about fundamentals of fluid mechanics. They will be able to apply fluid mechanics in civil engineering projects.

4 Course Professional Outcome/Industrial Usage: Students learn basic ideas and concept of fluid mechanics. Furthermore, they would be able to identify fluid mechanics for civil engineering applications.

5 Mapping: PLO s CLO s PLO 1 (Engineering Knowledge) PLO 2 (Problem Analysis) PLO 3 (Design/Development of Solutions) PLO 4 (Investigation) PLO 5 (Modern Tool Usage) PLO 6 (The Engineer and Society) PLO 7 (Environment and Sustainability) PLO 8 (Ethics) PLO 9 (Individual and Team work) PLO 10 (Communication) PLO 11 (Project Management) PLO 12 (Lifelong Learning) CLO 1 Basic Concept CLO 2 Design Parameters CLO 3 Application CLO 4 Characteristics of Uniform Flow CLOs CLO 1 CLO 2 CLO 3 CLO 4 Assessment Modules Assignments Quizzes Midterm Exam Final Exam

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