Unit 1 Exponentials and Logarithms


 Rosa Copeland
 2 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 HARTFIELD PRECALCULUS UNIT 1 NOTES PAGE 1 Unit 1 Eponentils nd Logrithms (2) Eponentil Functions (3) The number e (4) Logrithms (5) Specil Logrithms (7) Chnge of Bse Formul (8) Logrithmic Functions (10) Lws of Logrithms (12) Solving Eponentil & Logrithmic Equtions Know the menings nd uses of these terms: Eponentil epression, eponentil function Logrithmic epression, logrithmic function Bse of n eponentil or logrithmic epression Eponent of n eponentil or logrithmic epression Common logrithm Nturl Logrithm Etrneous solution Review the menings nd uses of these terms: Asymptote
2 HARTFIELD PRECALCULUS UNIT 1 NOTES PAGE 2 Eponentil Functions Definition: The eponentil function with bse, such tht is positive rel number other thn 1, is defined by f, 0. Emples: f 2 Domin:, Rnge: 0, Key Point: (0, 1) Asymptote: y = 0 Recll tht n symptote is line tht grph pproches s vlues grow without bound. f 4 5 If the bse > 1, the function will increse over its domin with symptotic behvior s. If the bse < 1, the function will decrese over its domin with symptotic behvior s. A specil number frequently ssocited with eponentil functions is e.
3 HARTFIELD PRECALCULUS UNIT 1 NOTES PAGE 3 The number e Definition: The nturl eponentil bse is the number e, such tht e n 1 lim n n. Identify the bse of the eponentil function nd use trnsformtions to determine the domin, rnge, nd symptote of ech given function. E. 1: 1 f( ) 4 2 An eponentil function with bse of e is clled nturl eponentil function: f e. E. 2: g( ) 2e 3
4 HARTFIELD PRECALCULUS UNIT 1 NOTES PAGE 4 Logrithms The inverse of n eponentil epression is logrithm. Definition: Let be positive rel number other thn 1. Then the logrithm with bse, denoted s log, is defined s y follows: log. y All logrithmic epressions stisfy one of the following properties: log 1 0, log 1, log Evlute. E. 1: log 6 1 n n E. 2: log 8 8 More specific to bove, the inverse of n eponentil epression with bse is logrithm with bse. E. 3: log 7 49 Thus the vlue of logrithmic epression is equl to the eponent of bse which equls the input.
5 HARTFIELD PRECALCULUS UNIT 1 NOTES PAGE 5 Rewrite ech sttement into its inverse form. Specil Logrithms E. 1: 3 4 = 81 E. 2: 7 2 = 49 E. 3: 5 = 20 E. 4: log 6 36 = 2 Two specil logrithms cn be written without bse. Definition: The common logrithm is the logrithm with bse 10 such tht log 10 = log. Definition: The nturl logrithm is the logrithm with bse e such tht log e = ln. E. 5: log 2 64 = 6 E. 6: log 11 = 2 (Note: In some higher levels of mthemtics, log my ctully refer to nturl logrithm.)
6 HARTFIELD PRECALCULUS UNIT 1 NOTES PAGE 6 Evlute. Approimte s necessry to five digits. Rewrite ech sttement into its inverse form. E. 1: log 1000 E. 1: 10 = 500 E. 2: log 0.01 E. 2: e = 20 E. 3: ln e A clcultor my be helpful in pproimting some logrithmic epressions: E. 3: log = 3 E. 4: ln = 5 E. 4: log 400 E. 5: ln 40
7 HARTFIELD PRECALCULUS UNIT 1 NOTES PAGE 7 Chnge of Bse Formul Evlute. Approimte s necessry to five digits. Mny logrithms my not hve n obvious eponentil vlue. Common nd nturl logrithms cn esily be used to pproimte eponentil vlues but second lyer pproch is necessry with other bses. E. 1: log log m log b m ln m log m log ln log b E. 2: log E. 3: log
8 HARTFIELD PRECALCULUS UNIT 1 NOTES PAGE 8 Logrithmic Functions Definition: The logrithmic function with bse, such tht is positive rel number other thn 1, is defined by f log, 0. Domin: 0, Rnge:, Key Point: (1, 0) Asymptote: = 0 Observe tht the definition of logrithmic function, in conjunction with the third property of logrithms, stisfies the Property of Inverse Functions. Tht is, logrithmic function of bse is the inverse function to n eponentil function of bse. If the bse > 1, the function will increse over its domin with symptotic behvior s 0. If the bse < 1, the function will decrese over its domin with symptotic behvior s 0. Wheres the symptote of n eponentil function is horizontl, the symptote of logrithmic function is verticl. Further, the logrithmic function hs n intercept insted of yintercept like the logrithmic function. To sketch the grph of logrithmic function not bse 10 or e, use the chnge of bse formul.
9 HARTFIELD PRECALCULUS UNIT 1 NOTES PAGE 9 Emple: f 2 ln ln 2 Identify the bse of the eponentil function nd use trnsformtions to determine the domin, rnge, nd symptote of ech given function. E. 1: f 5 ( ) 2log ( 1) Furthermore, since logrithmic functions nd eponentil functions re inverses, they stisfy the grphicl properties of inverse functions s illustrted t right with the nturl eponentil function nd the nturl logrithmic function. E. 2: g( ) 2 log 3
10 HARTFIELD PRECALCULUS UNIT 1 NOTES PAGE 10 Lws of Logrithms The lws of logrithms llow us to rewrite logrithmic epressions so they re esier to mnipulte. Ech lw of logrithms hs n nlogue with the lws of eponents. Rewrite ech logrithm into sum or difference of logrithms so tht no logrithm consists of product, quotient, or power (where possible). E. 1: lo g y Nme Lw of Logrithms Lw of Eponents ProducttoSum log y log log y QuotienttoDifference m n m n E. 2: lo g log log log y y m n m n PowertoProduct log n n log m n mn
11 HARTFIELD PRECALCULUS UNIT 1 NOTES PAGE 11 Rewrite ech logrithm into sum or difference of logrithms so tht no logrithm consists of product, quotient, or power (where possible). Rewrite ech s single logrithm. Simplify where possible. E. 3: log 3 yz 5 2 E. 1: 2log 4 log y log z E. 2: log 2 log y 5log z E. 4: log E. 3: 2ln 3 4 ln2 E. 4: 3ln 5 2ln 6
12 HARTFIELD PRECALCULUS UNIT 1 NOTES PAGE 12 Solving Eponentil Equtions Procedure for most eponentil equtions: 1. Isolte n eponentil epression on one side. 2. Tke the nturl logrithm (or common logrithm) of both sides. 3. Use the lws of logrithms to rewrite the eponentil epression so tht no vrible remins in the eponent. 4. Apply bsic lgebric nd rithmetic mnipultion to solve for. 5. Use the lws of logrithms to rewrite the solution s pproprite nd pproimte the solution. 6. Check your solution. Some eponentil equtions my use other procedures for prt or ll of the entire process; for emple: qudrtictype equtions, et.l. Solving Logrithmic Equtions Procedure for logrithmic equtions: 1. Use the lws of logrithms to combine logrithms on ech side s necessry. 2. Apply net step bsed on the structure:. If only one side of the eqution hs logrithm, rewrite the eqution into eponentil form. b. If both sides of the eqution hve logrithms nd the bse is the sme, set the rguments equl to ech other. 3. Apply bsic lgebric nd rithmetic mnipultion to solve for. 4. Check your solutions. Like rdicl equtions, logrithmic equtions cn (nd often do) produce etrneous solutions.
13 HARTFIELD PRECALCULUS UNIT 1 NOTES PAGE 13 Solve the eqution. Write the solution s single logrithmic epression nd pproimte the solution to five plces. Solve the eqution. Write the solution s single logrithmic epression nd pproimte the solution to five plces. E. 1: E. 2:
14 HARTFIELD PRECALCULUS UNIT 1 NOTES PAGE 14 Solve the eqution. Write the solution s single logrithmic epression nd pproimte the solution to five plces. Solve ech eqution. E. 4: E. 3: 1 3e 60 E. 5:
15 HARTFIELD PRECALCULUS UNIT 1 NOTES PAGE 15 Solve the eqution. Write the solution s single logrithmic epression nd pproimte the solution to five plces. E. 6:
16 HARTFIELD PRECALCULUS UNIT 1 NOTES PAGE 16 Solve the eqution. Write the solution s single logrithmic epression nd pproimte the solution to five plces. E. 7:
17 HARTFIELD PRECALCULUS UNIT 1 NOTES PAGE 17 Solve the eqution. Write the solution s single logrithmic epression nd pproimte the solution to five plces. Solve the eqution. Write the solution s single logrithmic epression nd pproimte the solution to five plces. E. 8: e 2 3e 2 0 E. 9: 2 4e e 0
18 HARTFIELD PRECALCULUS UNIT 1 NOTES PAGE 18 Solve the eqution. Check for etrneous solutions. Solve the eqution. Check for etrneous solutions. E. 1: log 2 log 1 log E. 2: ln 3 ln 11 ln4 ln 4
19 HARTFIELD PRECALCULUS UNIT 1 NOTES PAGE 19 Solve the eqution. Check for etrneous solutions. Solve the eqution. Check for etrneous solutions. E. 3: log 6 log E. 4: log 8 log
approaches as n becomes larger and larger. Since e > 1, the graph of the natural exponential function is as below
. Eponentil nd rithmic functions.1 Eponentil Functions A function of the form f() =, > 0, 1 is clled n eponentil function. Its domin is the set of ll rel f ( 1) numbers. For n eponentil function f we hve.
More informationSections 1.3, 7.1, and 9.2: Properties of Exponents and Radical Notation
Sections., 7., nd 9.: Properties of Eponents nd Rdicl Nottion Let p nd q be rtionl numbers. For ll rel numbers nd b for which the epressions re rel numbers, the following properties hold. i = + p q p q
More informationLogarithmic Functions
Logrithmic Functions Definition: Let > 0,. Then log is the number to which you rise to get. Logrithms re in essence eponents. Their domins re powers of the bse nd their rnges re the eponents needed to
More information3.1 Exponential Functions and Their Graphs
. Eponentil Functions nd Their Grphs Sllbus Objective: 9. The student will sketch the grph of eponentil, logistic, or logrithmic function. 9. The student will evlute eponentil or logrithmic epressions.
More informationChapter 3 Exponential and Logarithmic Functions Section 3.1
Chpter 3 Eponentil nd Logrithmic Functions Section 3. EXPONENTIAL FUNCTIONS AND THEIR GRAPHS Eponentil Functions Eponentil functions re nonlgebric functions. The re clled trnscendentl functions. The eponentil
More informationBefore we can begin Ch. 3 on Radicals, we need to be familiar with perfect squares, cubes, etc. Try and do as many as you can without a calculator!!!
Nme: Algebr II Honors PreChpter Homework Before we cn begin Ch on Rdicls, we need to be fmilir with perfect squres, cubes, etc Try nd do s mny s you cn without clcultor!!! n The nth root of n n Be ble
More informationUNIT 1 FUNCTIONS AND THEIR INVERSES Lesson 1.4: Logarithmic Functions as Inverses Instruction
Lesson : Logrithmic Functions s Inverses Prerequisite Skills This lesson requires the use of the following skills: determining the dependent nd independent vribles in n exponentil function bsed on dt from
More informationthan 1. It means in particular that the function is decreasing and approaching the x
6 Preclculus Review Grph the functions ) (/) ) log y = b y = Solution () The function y = is n eponentil function with bse smller thn It mens in prticulr tht the function is decresing nd pproching the
More informationSESSION 2 Exponential and Logarithmic Functions. Math 301 R 3. (Revisit, Review and Revive)
Mth 01 R (Revisit, Review nd Revive) SESSION Eponentil nd Logrithmic Functions 1 Eponentil nd Logrithmic Functions Key Concepts The Eponent Lws m n 1 n n m m n m n m mn m m m m mn m m m b n b b b Simplify
More informationMath 153: Lecture Notes For Chapter 5
Mth 5: Lecture Notes For Chpter 5 Section 5.: Eponentil Function f()= Emple : grph f ) = ( if = f() 0       Emple : Grph ) f ( ) = b) g ( ) = c) h ( ) = ( ) f() g() h() 0 0 0          
More informationMATHS NOTES. SUBJECT: Maths LEVEL: Higher TEACHER: Aidan Roantree. The Institute of Education Topics Covered: Powers and Logs
MATHS NOTES The Institute of Eduction 06 SUBJECT: Mths LEVEL: Higher TEACHER: Aidn Rontree Topics Covered: Powers nd Logs About Aidn: Aidn is our senior Mths techer t the Institute, where he hs been teching
More informationChapter 1: Logarithmic functions and indices
Chpter : Logrithmic functions nd indices. You cn simplify epressions y using rules of indices m n m n m n m n ( m ) n mn m m m m n m m n Emple Simplify these epressions: 5 r r c 4 4 d 6 5 e ( ) f ( ) 4
More informationLoudoun Valley High School Calculus Summertime Fun Packet
Loudoun Vlley High School Clculus Summertime Fun Pcket We HIGHLY recommend tht you go through this pcket nd mke sure tht you know how to do everything in it. Prctice the problems tht you do NOT remember!
More informationTHE DISCRIMINANT & ITS APPLICATIONS
THE DISCRIMINANT & ITS APPLICATIONS The discriminnt ( Δ ) is the epression tht is locted under the squre root sign in the qudrtic formul i.e. Δ b c. For emple: Given +, Δ () ( )() The discriminnt is used
More informationThe semester B examination for Algebra 2 will consist of two parts. Part 1 will be selected response. Part 2 will be short answer.
ALGEBRA B Semester Em Review The semester B emintion for Algebr will consist of two prts. Prt will be selected response. Prt will be short nswer. Students m use clcultor. If clcultor is used to find points
More information1 Functions Defined in Terms of Integrals
November 5, 8 MAT86 Week 3 Justin Ko Functions Defined in Terms of Integrls Integrls llow us to define new functions in terms of the bsic functions introduced in Week. Given continuous function f(), consider
More informationChapter 1  Functions and Variables
Business Clculus 1 Chpter 1  Functions nd Vribles This Acdemic Review is brought to you free of chrge by preptests4u.com. Any sle or trde of this review is strictly prohibited. Business Clculus 1 Ch 1:
More informationObj: SWBAT Recall the many important types and properties of functions
Obj: SWBAT Recll the mny importnt types nd properties of functions Functions Domin nd Rnge Function Nottion Trnsformtion of Functions Combintions/Composition of Functions OnetoOne nd Inverse Functions
More information4.1 OnetoOne Functions; Inverse Functions. EX) Find the inverse of the following functions. State if the inverse also forms a function or not.
4.1 OnetoOne Functions; Inverse Functions Finding Inverses of Functions To find the inverse of function simply switch nd y vlues. Input becomes Output nd Output becomes Input. EX) Find the inverse of
More informationOperations with Polynomials
38 Chpter P Prerequisites P.4 Opertions with Polynomils Wht you should lern: How to identify the leding coefficients nd degrees of polynomils How to dd nd subtrct polynomils How to multiply polynomils
More informationLogarithms. Logarithm is another word for an index or power. POWER. 2 is the power to which the base 10 must be raised to give 100.
Logrithms. Logrithm is nother word for n inde or power. THIS IS A POWER STATEMENT BASE POWER FOR EXAMPLE : We lred know tht; = NUMBER 10² = 100 This is the POWER Sttement OR 2 is the power to which the
More information3.1 EXPONENTIAL FUNCTIONS & THEIR GRAPHS
. EXPONENTIAL FUNCTIONS & THEIR GRAPHS EXPONENTIAL FUNCTIONS EXPONENTIAL nd LOGARITHMIC FUNCTIONS re nonlgebric. These functions re clled TRANSCENDENTAL FUNCTIONS. DEFINITION OF EXPONENTIAL FUNCTION The
More informationRead section 3.3, 3.4 Announcements:
Dte: 3/1/13 Objective: SWBAT pply properties of exponentil functions nd will pply properties of rithms. Bell Ringer: 1. f x = 3x 6, find the inverse, f 1 x., Using your grphing clcultor, Grph 1. f x,f
More informationMA Lesson 21 Notes
MA 000 Lesson 1 Notes ( 5) How would person solve n eqution with vrible in n eponent, such s 9? (We cnnot rewrite this eqution esil with the sme bse.) A nottion ws developed so tht equtions such s this
More information(i) b b. (ii) (iii) (vi) b. P a g e Exponential Functions 1. Properties of Exponents: Ex1. Solve the following equation
P g e 30 4.2 Eponentil Functions 1. Properties of Eponents: (i) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) 1 If 1, 0 1, nd 1, then E1. Solve the following eqution 4 3. 1 2 89 8(2 ) 7 Definition: The eponentil function with se
More information4 7x =250; 5 3x =500; Read section 3.3, 3.4 Announcements: Bell Ringer: Use your calculator to solve
Dte: 3/14/13 Objective: SWBAT pply properties of exponentil functions nd will pply properties of rithms. Bell Ringer: Use your clcultor to solve 4 7x =250; 5 3x =500; HW Requests: Properties of Log Equtions
More informationALevel Mathematics Transition Task (compulsory for all maths students and all further maths student)
ALevel Mthemtics Trnsition Tsk (compulsory for ll mths students nd ll further mths student) Due: st Lesson of the yer. Length:  hours work (depending on prior knowledge) This trnsition tsk provides revision
More informationLesson 1: Quadratic Equations
Lesson 1: Qudrtic Equtions Qudrtic Eqution: The qudrtic eqution in form is. In this section, we will review 4 methods of qudrtic equtions, nd when it is most to use ech method. 1. 3.. 4. Method 1: Fctoring
More informationTO: Next Year s AP Calculus Students
TO: Net Yer s AP Clculus Students As you probbly know, the students who tke AP Clculus AB nd pss the Advnced Plcement Test will plce out of one semester of college Clculus; those who tke AP Clculus BC
More informationExponents and Logarithms Exam Questions
Eponents nd Logrithms Em Questions Nme: ANSWERS Multiple Choice 1. If 4, then is equl to:. 5 b. 8 c. 16 d.. Identify the vlue of the intercept of the function ln y.. 1 b. 0 c. d.. Which eqution is represented
More informationPrecalculus Chapter P.2 Part 1 of 3. Mr. Chapman Manchester High School
Preclculus Chpter P. Prt of Mr. Chpmn Mnchester High School Eponents Scientific Nottion Recll: ( ) () 5 ( )( )( ) ()()()() Consider epression n : Red s to the nth power. is clled the bse n is clled the
More informationSummary Information and Formulae MTH109 College Algebra
Generl Formuls Summry Informtion nd Formule MTH109 College Algebr Temperture: F = 9 5 C + 32 nd C = 5 ( 9 F 32 ) F = degrees Fhrenheit C = degrees Celsius Simple Interest: I = Pr t I = Interest erned (chrged)
More informationMathematics Number: Logarithms
plce of mind F A C U L T Y O F E D U C A T I O N Deprtment of Curriculum nd Pedgogy Mthemtics Numer: Logrithms Science nd Mthemtics Eduction Reserch Group Supported y UBC Teching nd Lerning Enhncement
More informationMathematics Extension 1
04 Bored of Studies Tril Emintions Mthemtics Etension Written by Crrotsticks & Trebl. Generl Instructions Totl Mrks 70 Reding time 5 minutes. Working time hours. Write using blck or blue pen. Blck pen
More informationARITHMETIC OPERATIONS. The real numbers have the following properties: a b c ab ac
REVIEW OF ALGEBRA Here we review the bsic rules nd procedures of lgebr tht you need to know in order to be successful in clculus. ARITHMETIC OPERATIONS The rel numbers hve the following properties: b b
More informationPreSession Review. Part 1: Basic Algebra; Linear Functions and Graphs
PreSession Review Prt 1: Bsic Algebr; Liner Functions nd Grphs A. Generl Review nd Introduction to Algebr Hierrchy of Arithmetic Opertions Opertions in ny expression re performed in the following order:
More informationSUMMER KNOWHOW STUDY AND LEARNING CENTRE
SUMMER KNOWHOW STUDY AND LEARNING CENTRE Indices & Logrithms 2 Contents Indices.2 Frctionl Indices.4 Logrithms 6 Exponentil equtions. Simplifying Surds 13 Opertions on Surds..16 Scientific Nottion..18
More informationAdvanced Functions Page 1 of 3 Investigating Exponential Functions y= b x
Advnced Functions Pge of Investigting Eponentil Functions = b Emple : Write n Eqution to Fit Dt Write n eqution to fit the dt in the tble of vlues. 0 4 4 Properties of the Eponentil Function =b () The
More informationSCHOOL OF ENGINEERING & BUILT ENVIRONMENT. Mathematics. Basic Algebra
SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING & BUILT ENVIRONMENT Mthemtics Bsic Algebr Opertions nd Epressions Common Mistkes Division of Algebric Epressions Eponentil Functions nd Logrithms Opertions nd their Inverses Mnipulting
More information6.2 CONCEPTS FOR ADVANCED MATHEMATICS, C2 (4752) AS
6. CONCEPTS FOR ADVANCED MATHEMATICS, C (475) AS Objectives To introduce students to number of topics which re fundmentl to the dvnced study of mthemtics. Assessment Emintion (7 mrks) 1 hour 30 minutes.
More informationExponentials & Logarithms Unit 8
U n i t 8 AdvF Dte: Nme: Eponentils & Logrithms Unit 8 Tenttive TEST dte Big ide/lerning Gols This unit begins with the review of eponent lws, solving eponentil equtions (by mtching bses method nd tril
More informationMORE FUNCTION GRAPHING; OPTIMIZATION. (Last edited October 28, 2013 at 11:09pm.)
MORE FUNCTION GRAPHING; OPTIMIZATION FRI, OCT 25, 203 (Lst edited October 28, 203 t :09pm.) Exercise. Let n be n rbitrry positive integer. Give n exmple of function with exctly n verticl symptotes. Give
More informationMATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS 1.2
MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS. Apply lgebric procedures in solving problems Eternlly ssessed 4 credits Electronic technology, such s clcultors or computers, re not permitted in the ssessment of this stndr
More informationFUNCTIONS: Grade 11. or y = ax 2 +bx + c or y = a(x x1)(x x2) a y
FUNCTIONS: Grde 11 The prbol: ( p) q or = +b + c or = ( 1)( ) The hperbol: p q The eponentil function: b p q Importnt fetures: intercept : Let = 0 intercept : Let = 0 Turning points (Where pplicble)
More informationMAT137 Calculus! Lecture 20
officil website http://uoft.me/mat137 MAT137 Clculus! Lecture 20 Tody: 4.6 Concvity 4.7 Asypmtotes Net: 4.8 Curve Sketching 4.5 More Optimiztion Problems MVT Applictions Emple 1 Let f () = 3 27 20. 1 Find
More informationand that at t = 0 the object is at position 5. Find the position of the object at t = 2.
7.2 The Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus 49 re mny, mny problems tht pper much different on the surfce but tht turn out to be the sme s these problems, in the sense tht when we try to pproimte solutions we
More informationReview of Calculus, cont d
Jim Lmbers MAT 460 Fll Semester 200910 Lecture 3 Notes These notes correspond to Section 1.1 in the text. Review of Clculus, cont d Riemnn Sums nd the Definite Integrl There re mny cses in which some
More information5.2 Exponent Properties Involving Quotients
5. Eponent Properties Involving Quotients Lerning Objectives Use the quotient of powers property. Use the power of quotient property. Simplify epressions involving quotient properties of eponents. Use
More informationREVIEW SHEET FOR PRECALCULUS MIDTERM
. If A, nd B 8, REVIEW SHEET FOR PRECALCULUS MIDTERM. For the following figure, wht is the eqution of the line?, write n eqution of the line tht psses through these points.. Given the following lines,
More informationLATE AND ABSENT HOMEWORK IS ACCEPTED UP TO THE TIME OF THE CHAPTER TEST ON HW NO. SECTIONS ASSIGNMENT DUE
Trig/Mth Anl Nme No LATE AND ABSENT HOMEWORK IS ACCEPTED UP TO THE TIME OF THE CHAPTER TEST ON HW NO. SECTIONS ASSIGNMENT DUE LG 0/0 Prctice Set E #,, 9,, 7,,, 9,, 7,,, 9, Prctice Set F #9 odd Prctice
More informationImproper Integrals. Introduction. Type 1: Improper Integrals on Infinite Intervals. When we defined the definite integral.
Improper Integrls Introduction When we defined the definite integrl f d we ssumed tht f ws continuous on [, ] where [, ] ws finite, closed intervl There re t lest two wys this definition cn fil to e stisfied:
More informationReview of basic calculus
Review of bsic clculus This brief review reclls some of the most importnt concepts, definitions, nd theorems from bsic clculus. It is not intended to tech bsic clculus from scrtch. If ny of the items below
More informationThe discriminant of a quadratic function, including the conditions for real and repeated roots. Completing the square. ax 2 + bx + c = a x+
.1 Understnd nd use the lws of indices for ll rtionl eponents.. Use nd mnipulte surds, including rtionlising the denomintor..3 Work with qudrtic nd their grphs. The discriminnt of qudrtic function, including
More informationThe graphs of Rational Functions
Lecture 4 5A: The its of Rtionl Functions s x nd s x + The grphs of Rtionl Functions The grphs of rtionl functions hve severl differences compred to power functions. One of the differences is the behvior
More informationx ) dx dx x sec x over the interval (, ).
Curve on 6 For , () Evlute the integrl, n (b) check your nswer by ifferentiting. ( ). ( ). ( ).. 6. sin cos 7. sec csccot 8. sec (sec tn ) 9. sin csc. Evlute the integrl sin by multiplying the numertor
More informationPrerequisite Knowledge Required from O Level Add Math. d n a = c and b = d
Prerequisite Knowledge Required from O Level Add Mth ) Surds, Indices & Logrithms Rules for Surds. b= b =. 3. 4. b = b = ( ) = = = 5. + b n = c+ d n = c nd b = d Cution: + +,  Rtionlising the Denomintor
More informationR(3, 8) P( 3, 0) Q( 2, 2) S(5, 3) Q(2, 32) P(0, 8) Higher Mathematics Objective Test Practice Book. 1 The diagram shows a sketch of part of
Higher Mthemtics Ojective Test Prctice ook The digrm shows sketch of prt of the grph of f ( ). The digrm shows sketch of the cuic f ( ). R(, 8) f ( ) f ( ) P(, ) Q(, ) S(, ) Wht re the domin nd rnge of
More informationMath 1431 Section M TH 4:00 PM 6:00 PM Susan Wheeler Office Hours: Wed 6:00 7:00 PM Online ***NOTE LABS ARE MON AND WED
Mth 43 Section 4839 M TH 4: PM 6: PM Susn Wheeler swheeler@mth.uh.edu Office Hours: Wed 6: 7: PM Online ***NOTE LABS ARE MON AND WED t :3 PM to 3: pm ONLINE Approimting the re under curve given the type
More informationMA Exam 2 Study Guide, Fall u n du (or the integral of linear combinations
LESSON 0 Chpter 7.2 Trigonometric Integrls. Bsic trig integrls you should know. sin = cos + C cos = sin + C sec 2 = tn + C sec tn = sec + C csc 2 = cot + C csc cot = csc + C MA 6200 Em 2 Study Guide, Fll
More informationAdvanced Algebra & Trigonometry Midterm Review Packet
Nme Dte Advnced Alger & Trigonometry Midterm Review Pcket The Advnced Alger & Trigonometry midterm em will test your generl knowledge of the mteril we hve covered since the eginning of the school yer.
More information1 Part II: Numerical Integration
Mth 4 Lb 1 Prt II: Numericl Integrtion This section includes severl techniques for getting pproimte numericl vlues for definite integrls without using ntiderivtives. Mthemticll, ect nswers re preferble
More informationCalculus AB. For a function f(x), the derivative would be f '(
lculus AB Derivtive Formuls Derivtive Nottion: For function f(), the derivtive would e f '( ) Leiniz's Nottion: For the derivtive of y in terms of, we write d For the second derivtive using Leiniz's Nottion:
More informationREVIEW Chapter 1 The Real Number System
Mth 7 REVIEW Chpter The Rel Number System In clss work: Solve ll exercises. (Sections. &. Definition A set is collection of objects (elements. The Set of Nturl Numbers N N = {,,,, 5, } The Set of Whole
More informationChapters Five Notes SN AA U1C5
Chpters Five Notes SN AA U1C5 Nme Period Section 5: Fctoring Qudrtic Epressions When you took lger, you lerned tht the first thing involved in fctoring is to mke sure to fctor out ny numers or vriles
More informationA. Limits  L Hopital s Rule. x c. x c. f x. g x. x c 0 6 = 1 6. D. 1 E. nonexistent. ln ( x 1 ) 1 x 2 1. ( x 2 1) 2. 2x x 1.
A. Limits  L Hopitl s Rule Wht you re finding: L Hopitl s Rule is used to find limits of the form f ( ) lim where lim f or lim f limg. c g = c limg( ) = c = c = c How to find it: Try nd find limits by
More informationMatrix Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors September 13, 2017
Mtri Eigenvlues nd Eigenvectors September, 7 Mtri Eigenvlues nd Eigenvectors Lrry Cretto Mechnicl Engineering 5A Seminr in Engineering Anlysis September, 7 Outline Review lst lecture Definition of eigenvlues
More informationPolynomial Approximations for the Natural Logarithm and Arctangent Functions. Math 230
Polynomil Approimtions for the Nturl Logrithm nd Arctngent Functions Mth 23 You recll from first semester clculus how one cn use the derivtive to find n eqution for the tngent line to function t given
More informationProperties of Integrals, Indefinite Integrals. Goals: Definition of the Definite Integral Integral Calculations using Antiderivatives
Block #6: Properties of Integrls, Indefinite Integrls Gols: Definition of the Definite Integrl Integrl Clcultions using Antiderivtives Properties of Integrls The Indefinite Integrl 1 Riemnn Sums  1 Riemnn
More informationSection 6.1 INTRO to LAPLACE TRANSFORMS
Section 6. INTRO to LAPLACE TRANSFORMS Key terms: Improper Integrl; diverge, converge A A f(t)dt lim f(t)dt Piecewise Continuous Function; jump discontinuity Function of Exponentil Order Lplce Trnsform
More informationDefinition of Continuity: The function f(x) is continuous at x = a if f(a) exists and lim
Mth 9 Course Summry/Study Guide Fll, 2005 [1] Limits Definition of Limit: We sy tht L is the limit of f(x) s x pproches if f(x) gets closer nd closer to L s x gets closer nd closer to. We write lim f(x)
More informationCalculus AB Section I Part A A CALCULATOR MAY NOT BE USED ON THIS PART OF THE EXAMINATION
lculus Section I Prt LULTOR MY NOT US ON THIS PRT OF TH XMINTION In this test: Unless otherwise specified, the domin of function f is ssumed to e the set of ll rel numers for which f () is rel numer..
More informationPrecalculus Spring 2017
Preclculus Spring 2017 Exm 3 Summry (Section 4.1 through 5.2, nd 9.4) Section P.5 Find domins of lgebric expressions Simplify rtionl expressions Add, subtrct, multiply, & divide rtionl expressions Simplify
More informationMath 113 Exam 2 Practice
Mth Em Prctice Februry, 8 Em will cover sections 6.5, 7.7.5 nd 7.8. This sheet hs three sections. The first section will remind you bout techniques nd formuls tht you should know. The second gives number
More informationAdding and Subtracting Rational Expressions
6.4 Adding nd Subtrcting Rtionl Epressions Essentil Question How cn you determine the domin of the sum or difference of two rtionl epressions? You cn dd nd subtrct rtionl epressions in much the sme wy
More informationHere are the graphs of some power functions with negative index y (x) =ax n = a n is a positive integer, and a 6= 0acoe±cient.
BEE4 { Bsic Mthemtics for Economists BEE5 { Introduction to Mthemticl Economics Week 9, Lecture, Notes: Rtionl Functions, 26//2 Hint: The WEB site for the tetbook is worth look. Dieter Blkenborg Deprtment
More informationMATH 144: Business Calculus Final Review
MATH 144: Business Clculus Finl Review 1 Skills 1. Clculte severl limits. 2. Find verticl nd horizontl symptotes for given rtionl function. 3. Clculte derivtive by definition. 4. Clculte severl derivtives
More informationChapter 6 Notes, Larson/Hostetler 3e
Contents 6. Antiderivtives nd the Rules of Integrtion.......................... 6. Are nd the Definite Integrl.................................. 6.. Are............................................ 6. Reimnn
More informationUnit #9 : Definite Integral Properties; Fundamental Theorem of Calculus
Unit #9 : Definite Integrl Properties; Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus Gols: Identify properties of definite integrls Define odd nd even functions, nd reltionship to integrl vlues Introduce the Fundmentl
More informationMATH SS124 Sec 39 Concepts summary with examples
This note is mde for students in MTH124 Section 39 to review most(not ll) topics I think we covered in this semester, nd there s exmples fter these concepts, go over this note nd try to solve those exmples
More informationHigher Checklist (Unit 3) Higher Checklist (Unit 3) Vectors
Vectors Skill Achieved? Know tht sclr is quntity tht hs only size (no direction) Identify rellife exmples of sclrs such s, temperture, mss, distnce, time, speed, energy nd electric chrge Know tht vector
More informationDERIVATIVES NOTES HARRIS MATH CAMP Introduction
f DERIVATIVES NOTES HARRIS MATH CAMP 208. Introduction Reding: Section 2. The derivtive of function t point is the slope of the tngent line to the function t tht point. Wht does this men, nd how do we
More informationTopics Covered AP Calculus AB
Topics Covered AP Clculus AB ) Elementry Functions ) Properties of Functions i) A function f is defined s set of ll ordered pirs (, y), such tht for ech element, there corresponds ectly one element y.
More informationIntegral points on the rational curve
Integrl points on the rtionl curve y x bx c x ;, b, c integers. Konstntine Zeltor Mthemtics University of Wisconsin  Mrinette 750 W. Byshore Street Mrinette, WI 5443453 Also: Konstntine Zeltor P.O. Box
More informationFirst Semester Review Calculus BC
First Semester Review lculus. Wht is the coordinte of the point of inflection on the grph of Multiple hoice: No lcultor y 3 3 5 4? 5 0 0 3 5 0. The grph of piecewiseliner function f, for 4, is shown below.
More informationMAC 1105 Final Exam Review
1. Find the distnce between the pir of points. Give n ect, simplest form nswer nd deciml pproimtion to three plces., nd, MAC 110 Finl Em Review, nd,0. The points (, ) nd (, ) re endpoints of the dimeter
More informationMath Sequences and Series RETest Worksheet. Short Answer
Mth 0 Nme: Sequences nd Series RETest Worksheet Short Answer Use n infinite geometric series to express 353 s frction [ mrk, ll steps must be shown] The popultion of community ws 3 000 t the beginning
More informationGoals: Determine how to calculate the area described by a function. Define the definite integral. Explore the relationship between the definite
Unit #8 : The Integrl Gols: Determine how to clculte the re described by function. Define the definite integrl. Eplore the reltionship between the definite integrl nd re. Eplore wys to estimte the definite
More information11.1 Exponential Functions
. Eponentil Functions In this chpter we wnt to look t specific type of function tht hs mny very useful pplictions, the eponentil function. Definition: Eponentil Function An eponentil function is function
More informationImproper Integrals. Type I Improper Integrals How do we evaluate an integral such as
Improper Integrls Two different types of integrls cn qulify s improper. The first type of improper integrl (which we will refer to s Type I) involves evluting n integrl over n infinite region. In the grph
More informationSections 5.2: The Definite Integral
Sections 5.2: The Definite Integrl In this section we shll formlize the ides from the lst section to functions in generl. We strt with forml definition.. The Definite Integrl Definition.. Suppose f(x)
More informationIdentify graphs of linear inequalities on a number line.
COMPETENCY 1.0 KNOWLEDGE OF ALGEBRA SKILL 1.1 Identify grphs of liner inequlities on number line.  When grphing firstdegree eqution, solve for the vrible. The grph of this solution will be single point
More informationsec x over the interval (, ). x ) dx dx x 14. Use a graphing utility to generate some representative integral curves of the function Curve on 5
Curve on Clcultor eperience Fin n ownlo (or type in) progrm on your clcultor tht will fin the re uner curve using given number of rectngles. Mke sure tht the progrm fins LRAM, RRAM, n MRAM. (You nee to
More informationf(x) dx, If one of these two conditions is not met, we call the integral improper. Our usual definition for the value for the definite integral
Improper Integrls Every time tht we hve evluted definite integrl such s f(x) dx, we hve mde two implicit ssumptions bout the integrl:. The intervl [, b] is finite, nd. f(x) is continuous on [, b]. If one
More informationExponential and logarithmic. functions. Topic: Exponential and logarithmic functions and applications
MQ Mths B Yr Ch 07 Pge 7 Mondy, October 9, 00 7: AM 7 Eponentil nd logrithmic functions syllbus ref efer erence ence Topic: Eponentil nd logrithmic functions nd pplictions In this ch chpter pter 7A Inde
More informationMain topics for the Second Midterm
Min topics for the Second Midterm The Midterm will cover Sections 5.45.9, Sections 6.16.3, nd Sections 7.17.7 (essentilly ll of the mteril covered in clss from the First Midterm). Be sure to know the
More informationThe Trapezoidal Rule
_.qd // : PM Pge 9 SECTION. Numericl Integrtion 9 f Section. The re of the region cn e pproimted using four trpezoids. Figure. = f( ) f( ) n The re of the first trpezoid is f f n. Figure. = Numericl Integrtion
More informationSection 6.1 INTRO to LAPLACE TRANSFORMS
Section 6. INTRO to LAPLACE TRANSFORMS Key terms: Improper Integrl; diverge, converge A A f(t)dt lim f(t)dt Piecewise Continuous Function; jump discontinuity Function of Exponentil Order Lplce Trnsform
More informationRational Parents (pp. 1 of 4)
Rtionl Prents (pp of 4) Unit: 08 Lesson: 0 The grphs below describe two prent functions, ech of which is referred to s rtionl function Why do you think they re clled rtionl functions? From the grphs, provide
More informationMathcad Lecture #1 Inclass Worksheet Mathcad Basics
Mthcd Lecture #1 Inclss Worksheet Mthcd Bsics At the end of this lecture, you will be ble to: Evlute mthemticl epression numericlly Assign vrible nd use them in subsequent clcultions Distinguish between
More information