# right angle an angle whose measure is exactly 90ᴼ

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1 right angle an angle whose measure is exactly 90ᴼ m B = 90ᴼ B

2 two angles that share a common ray A D C B

3 Vertical Angles A D C B E two angles that are opposite of each other and share a common vertex

4 two angles whose sum is equal to 90ᴼ 2 1 m 1 + m 2 = 90ᴼ

5 two angles whose sum is equal to 180ᴼ 2 1 m 1 + m 2 = 180ᴼ

6 C A B D ABC and CBD form a linear pair A pair of adjacent angles whose non-common side form opposite rays

7 2 1 b a NONE If a b, then 1 2

8 2 b NONE 1 a If a b, then 1 2

9 b 2 a 1 NONE If a b, then m 1 + m 2 = 180ᴼ

10 2 b 1 a NONE If a b, then 1 2

11 Conditional Statement A statement, represented by p and q, in which p is the hypothesis and q is the conclusion: If p, then q. Hypothesis If two angles are supplementary, then the sum of the angles equals 180ᴼ. p q Conclusion

12 Counterexample An example that disproves a statement Conditional Statement: If A and B are complementary, then m A = 60ᴼ and m B = 30ᴼ. Counterexample: m A could equal 20ᴼ and m B could equal 70ᴼ None

13 Converse Statement A conditional statement in which the hypothesis and conclusion are switched. Original Conditional Statement: q p If an angle is a vertical angle, then the measure of the angle equals 90ᴼ. Converse: If the measure of an angle equals 90ᴼ, then the angle is a vertical angle.

14 Inverse Statement A conditional statement in which the hypothesis and conclusion are negated. To make a statement opposite in meaning. Original Conditional Statement: ~p ~q If two angles are complementary, then their sum equals 90ᴼ. Inverse: If two angles are NOT complementary, then their sum is NOT equal to 90ᴼ.

15 Contrapositive Statement A conditional statement in which the hypothesis and conclusion are negated and switched. Original Conditional Statement: ~q ~p If two angles are supplementary, then their sum equals 180ᴼ. Contrapositive: If two angles do NOT have a sum of 180ᴼ, then the angles are NOT supplementary.

16 Triangle Sum Theorem The sum of three interior angles of a triangle equals 180ᴼ A m A + m B + m C = 180ᴼ C 40ᴼ 90ᴼ 50ᴼ B

17 Triangle Inequality Theorem The sum of any two lengths of a triangle is greater than the third side A NONE 5 in 13 in C 12 in B > 13 so AC + BC > AB

18 Exterior Angles Theorem The exterior angle of a triangle is equal to the sum of the two remote interior angles m A + m B = m C A 22ᴼ 84ᴼ 22ᴼ + 84ᴼ = 106ᴼ so m ABD = 106ᴼ? B D

19 Linear Pair Theorem If two angles form a linear pair, then they are supplementary. NONE and 2 form a linear pair, so 1 and 2 are supplementary

20 Segment Addition Postulate If collinear Point B lies between Points A and C, then AB + BC = AC. NONE A B C AB + BC = AC

21 Angle Addition Postulate If Point D lies in the interior of ABC, then m ABD + m DBC = m ABC. NONE A D B C m ABD + m DBC = m ABC

22 Collinear Points that lie on the same line NONE A B C Points A, B, and C are collinear.

23 Midpoint The exact middle point on a line segment. NONE A B C B is the midpoint of AC because AB BC.

24 NONE Bisect To cut into two equal parts Hint: If you bisect a segment, you get 2 congruent SEGMENTS. If you bisect an angle, you get 2 congruent ANGLES. BD bisects ABC because ABD DBC

25 Perpendicular Bisector A line that divides a segment into two congruent segments and forms a right angle at the intersection. A NONE C D E AB is a perpendicular bisector of CE. B

26 If two segments are congruent, then the measures of the segments are the same. M E G O

27 If two angles are congruent, then the measures of the angles are the same. 1 2

28 Property Definition Example Symbolic Notation Reflexive Property of Equality Symmetric Property of Equality A value is equal to itself. 5 = 5 m A = m A AB = AB or AB = BA If a = b, then b = a. If x = 2, then 2 = x. AB = 8 so 8 = AB m A = xᴼ so xᴼ = m A Transitive Property of Equality If a = b and b = c, then a = c. If x = y and y = 2, then x = 2. If AB = CD and CD = EF, then AB = EF. Substitution Property of Equality Distributive Property of Equality If a variable is assigned a value, then the value can replace the variable. If a(b + c), then ab + ac. If a(b c), then ab ac. Given: x + y x = 4 & y = 2 Conclusion: If AB = 5 and AB + 4, then (x 2) = 4x 8 a(b + c) = ab + bc a(b c) = ab ac

29 So, a b

30 So, c d

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