Rotational Dynamics. Physics 1425 Lecture 19. Michael Fowler, UVa


 Bruce Haynes
 4 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 Rotatonal Dynamcs Physcs 1425 Lecture 19 Mchael Fowler, UVa
2 Rotatonal Dynamcs Newton s Frst Law: a rotatng body wll contnue to rotate at constant angular velocty as long as there s no torque actng on t. Pcture a grndstone on a smooth axle. BUT the axle must be exactly at the center of gravty otherwse gravty wll provde a torque, and the rotaton wll not be at constant velocty! A
3 How s Angular Acceleraton Related to Torque? Thnk about a tangental force F appled to a mass m attached to a lght dsk whch can rotate about a fxed axs. (A radally drected force has zero torque, does nothng.) The relevant equatons are: F = ma, a = rα, τ = rf. Therefore F = ma becomes τ = mr 2 α Vhas zero Lght dsk axle r m F
4 Newton s Second Law for Rotatons For the specal case of a mass m constraned by a lght dsk to crcle around an axle, the angular acceleraton α s proportonal to the torque τ exactly as n the lnear case the acceleraton a s proportonal to the force F: τ = mr 2 α F = ma The angular equvalent of nertal mass m s the moment of nerta mr 2.
5 More Complcated Rotatng Bodes Suppose now a lght dsk has A several dfferent masses attached at dfferent places, and varous forces act on them. As before, radal components cause no rotaton, we have a sum of torques. BUT the rgdty of the dsk ensures that a force appled to one mass wll cause a torque on the others! How do we handle that? m 2 F 2 r 1 m 1 F 1
6 Newton s Thrd Law for a Rgd Rotatng Body If a rgd body s made up of many masses m connected by rgd rods, the force exerted along the rod of m on m j s equal n magntude, opposte n drecton and along the same lne as that of m j on m, therefore the nternal torques come n equal and opposte pars, and cannot contrbute to the body s angular acceleraton. It follows that the angular acceleraton s generated by the sum of the external torques.
7 Moment of Inerta of a Sold Body Consder a flat square plate rotatng about a perpendcular axs wth angular acceleraton α. One small part of t, Δm, dstance r from the axle, has equaton of moton τ = τ + τ = mr α ext nt 2 Addng contrbutons from all parts of the wheel ext 2 τ = τ = mr α = Iα I s the Moment of Inerta. Z Δm
8 Calculatng Moments of Inerta A thn hoop of radus R (thnk a bcycle wheel) has all the mass dstance R from a perpendcular axle through ts center, so ts moment of nerta s I = m r = MR 2 2 A unform rod of mass M, length L, has moment of nerta about one end L I = x ( M / L) dx = ML v x dx L R Mass of length dx of rod s (M/L)dx
9 Dsks and Cylnders A dsk: mass M, radus R, s a sum of nested rngs. The red rng, radus r and thckness dr, has area 2πrdr, hence mass dm = M(2πrdr/ πr 2 ). Addng up rngs to make a dsk, R R 2 2( 2) / I r dm r M R rdr MR = = = A cylnder s just a stack of dsks, so t s also ½MR 2 about the axle. c
10 Parallel Axs Theorem If we already know I CM about some lne through the CM (we take t as the z axs), then I about a parallel lne at a dstance h s I = I CM + Mh 2 A r h y dm r CM at O x Here s the proof: Moment 2 I = mr = m r + h ( ) 2 mr = + 2h mr + Mh 2 2 = + (Snce = 0.) 2 ICM Mh mr of nerta I about perpendcular axs through A We prove t for a 2D object the proof n 3D s exactly the same, takng the lne through the CM as the zaxs.
11 Clcker Queston We found the moment of nerta of a rod about a 1 perpendcular lne through one end was ML 2 3. Use the parallel axs theorem to fgure out what t s about a perpendcular lne through the center of the rod. A B C D E 1 ML ML ML ML 14 ML 2 12
12 Perpendcular Axs Theorem For a 2D object (a thn plate) the moment of nerta I z about a perpendcular axs equals the sum of the moments of nerta about any two axes at rght angles through the same pont n the plane, a x z y I z = I x + I y Proof: ( ) = = + = + I mr m x y I I z x y
13 Clcker Queston Gven that the moment of nerta of a dsk about ts 1 axle s MR 2, use the perpendcular axs theorem to fnd 2 the moment of nerta of a dsk about a lne through ts center and n ts plane. A B C 1 MR MR 2 MR
14 Rotatonal Knetc Energy Imagne a rotatng body as composed of many small masses m at dstances r from the axs of rotaton. The mass m has speed v = ωr, so KE = ½m r 2 ω 2. The total KE of the rotatng body (assumng the axs s at rest) s ( ) K = 2mr ω = 2 Iω
Important Dates: Post Test: Dec during recitations. If you have taken the post test, don t come to recitation!
Important Dates: Post Test: Dec. 8 0 durng rectatons. If you have taken the post test, don t come to rectaton! Post Test MakeUp Sessons n ARC 03: Sat Dec. 6, 0 AM noon, and Sun Dec. 7, 8 PM 0 PM. Post
More informationChapter 11 Angular Momentum
Chapter 11 Angular Momentum Analyss Model: Nonsolated System (Angular Momentum) Angular Momentum of a Rotatng Rgd Object Analyss Model: Isolated System (Angular Momentum) Angular Momentum of a Partcle
More informationPart C Dynamics and Statics of Rigid Body. Chapter 5 Rotation of a Rigid Body About a Fixed Axis
Part C Dynamcs and Statcs of Rgd Body Chapter 5 Rotaton of a Rgd Body About a Fxed Axs 5.. Rotatonal Varables 5.. Rotaton wth Constant Angular Acceleraton 5.3. Knetc Energy of Rotaton, Rotatonal Inerta
More informationWeek 9 Chapter 10 Section 15
Week 9 Chapter 10 Secton 15 Rotaton Rgd Object A rgd object s one that s nondeformable The relatve locatons of all partcles makng up the object reman constant All real objects are deformable to some extent,
More informationSo far: simple (planar) geometries
Physcs 06 ecture 5 Torque and Angular Momentum as Vectors SJ 7thEd.: Chap. to 3 Rotatonal quanttes as vectors Cross product Torque epressed as a vector Angular momentum defned Angular momentum as a vector
More informationSpring 2002 Lecture #13
4450 Sprng 00 ecture # Dr. Jaehoon Yu. Rotatonal Energy. Computaton of oments of nerta. Parallelas Theorem 4. Torque & Angular Acceleraton 5. Work, Power, & Energy of Rotatonal otons Remember the mdterm
More informationSpinrotation coupling of the angularly accelerated rigid body
Spnrotaton couplng of the angularly accelerated rgd body Loua Hassan Elzen Basher Khartoum, Sudan. Postal code:11123 Emal: louaelzen@gmal.com November 1, 2017 All Rghts Reserved. Abstract Ths paper s
More information10/9/2003 PHY Lecture 11 1
Announcements 1. Physc Colloquum today The Physcs and Analyss of Nonnvasve Optcal Imagng. Today s lecture Bref revew of momentum & collsons Example HW problems Introducton to rotatons Defnton of angular
More informationPhysics 111: Mechanics Lecture 11
Physcs 111: Mechancs Lecture 11 Bn Chen NJIT Physcs Department Textbook Chapter 10: Dynamcs of Rotatonal Moton q 10.1 Torque q 10. Torque and Angular Acceleraton for a Rgd Body q 10.3 RgdBody Rotaton
More informationCHAPTER 10 ROTATIONAL MOTION
CHAPTER 0 ROTATONAL MOTON 0. ANGULAR VELOCTY Consder argd body rotates about a fxed axs through pont O n xy plane as shown. Any partcle at pont P n ths rgd body rotates n a crcle of radus r about O. The
More informationChapter 11: Angular Momentum
Chapter 11: ngular Momentum Statc Equlbrum In Chap. 4 we studed the equlbrum of pontobjects (mass m) wth the applcaton of Newton s aws F 0 F x y, 0 Therefore, no lnear (translatonal) acceleraton, a0 For
More informationMoments of Inertia. and reminds us of the analogous equation for linear momentum p= mv, which is of the form. The kinetic energy of the body is.
Moments of Inerta Suppose a body s movng on a crcular path wth constant speed Let s consder two quanttes: the body s angular momentum L about the center of the crcle, and ts knetc energy T How are these
More informationPhysics 53. Rotational Motion 3. Sir, I have found you an argument, but I am not obliged to find you an understanding.
Physcs 53 Rotatonal Moton 3 Sr, I have found you an argument, but I am not oblged to fnd you an understandng. Samuel Johnson Angular momentum Wth respect to rotatonal moton of a body, moment of nerta plays
More informationMEASUREMENT OF MOMENT OF INERTIA
1. measurement MESUREMENT OF MOMENT OF INERTI The am of ths measurement s to determne the moment of nerta of the rotor of an electrc motor. 1. General relatons Rotatng moton and moment of nerta Let us
More informationAngular Momentum and Fixed Axis Rotation. 8.01t Nov 10, 2004
Angular Momentum and Fxed Axs Rotaton 8.01t Nov 10, 2004 Dynamcs: Translatonal and Rotatonal Moton Translatonal Dynamcs Total Force Torque Angular Momentum about Dynamcs of Rotaton F ext Momentum of a
More informationChapter 11 Torque and Angular Momentum
Chapter Torque and Angular Momentum I. Torque II. Angular momentum  Defnton III. Newton s second law n angular form IV. Angular momentum  System of partcles  Rgd body  Conservaton I. Torque  Vector
More informationτ rf = Iα I point = mr 2 L35 F 11/14/14 a*er lecture 1
A mass s attached to a long, massless rod. The mass s close to one end of the rod. Is t easer to balance the rod on end wth the mass near the top or near the bottom? Hnt: Small α means sluggsh behavor
More informationDynamics of Rotational Motion
Dynamcs of Rotatonal Moton Torque: the rotatonal analogue of force Torque = force x moment arm = Fl moment arm = perpendcular dstance through whch the force acts a.k.a. leer arm l F l F l F l F = Fl =
More informationPhysics 231. Topic 8: Rotational Motion. Alex Brown October MSU Physics 231 Fall
Physcs 231 Topc 8: Rotatonal Moton Alex Brown October 2126 2015 MSU Physcs 231 Fall 2015 1 MSU Physcs 231 Fall 2015 2 MSU Physcs 231 Fall 2015 3 Key Concepts: Rotatonal Moton Rotatonal Kneatcs Equatons
More informationPHYS 1443 Section 003 Lecture #17
PHYS 144 Secton 00 ecture #17 Wednesda, Oct. 9, 00 1. Rollng oton of a Rgd od. Torque. oment of Inerta 4. Rotatonal Knetc Energ 5. Torque and Vector Products Remember the nd term eam (ch 6 11), onda, Nov.!
More informationThe classical spinrotation coupling
LOUAI H. ELZEIN 2018 All Rghts Reserved The classcal spnrotaton couplng Loua Hassan Elzen Basher Khartoum, Sudan. Postal code:11123 louaelzen@gmal.com Abstract Ths paper s prepared to show that a rgd
More informationStudy Guide For Exam Two
Study Gude For Exam Two Physcs 2210 Albretsen Updated: 08/02/2018 All Other Prevous Study Gudes Modules 0106 Module 07 Work Work done by a constant force F over a dstance s : Work done by varyng force
More informationPhysics 207: Lecture 27. Announcements
Physcs 07: ecture 7 Announcements akeup labs are ths week Fnal hwk assgned ths week, fnal quz next week Revew sesson on Thursday ay 9, :30 4:00pm, Here Today s Agenda Statcs recap Beam & Strngs» What
More informationRotational and Translational Comparison. Conservation of Angular Momentum. Angular Momentum for a System of Particles
Conservaton o Angular Momentum 8.0 WD Rotatonal and Translatonal Comparson Quantty Momentum Ang Momentum Force Torque Knetc Energy Work Power Rotaton L cm = I cm ω = dl / cm cm K = (/ ) rot P rot θ W =
More informationConservation of Angular Momentum = "Spin"
Page 1 of 6 Conservaton of Angular Momentum = "Spn" We can assgn a drecton to the angular velocty: drecton of = drecton of axs + rght hand rule (wth rght hand, curl fngers n drecton of rotaton, thumb ponts
More informationModeling of Dynamic Systems
Modelng of Dynamc Systems Ref: Control System Engneerng Norman Nse : Chapters & 3 Chapter objectves : Revew the Laplace transform Learn how to fnd a mathematcal model, called a transfer functon Learn how
More informationWeek 11: Chapter 11. The Vector Product. The Vector Product Defined. The Vector Product and Torque. More About the Vector Product
The Vector Product Week 11: Chapter 11 Angular Momentum There are nstances where the product of two vectors s another vector Earler we saw where the product of two vectors was a scalar Ths was called the
More informationPhysics 207: Lecture 20. Today s Agenda Homework for Monday
Physcs 207: Lecture 20 Today s Agenda Homework for Monday Recap: Systems of Partcles Center of mass Velocty and acceleraton of the center of mass Dynamcs of the center of mass Lnear Momentum Example problems
More informationˆ (0.10 m) E ( N m /C ) 36 ˆj ( j C m)
7.. = = 3 = 4 = 5. The electrc feld s constant everywhere between the plates. Ths s ndcated by the electrc feld vectors, whch are all the same length and n the same drecton. 7.5. Model: The dstances to
More informationLinear Momentum. Center of Mass.
Lecture 6 Chapter 9 Physcs I 03.3.04 Lnear omentum. Center of ass. Course webste: http://faculty.uml.edu/ndry_danylov/teachng/physcsi Lecture Capture: http://echo360.uml.edu/danylov03/physcssprng.html
More informationRigid body simulation
Rgd bod smulaton Rgd bod smulaton Once we consder an object wth spacal etent, partcle sstem smulaton s no longer suffcent Problems Problems Unconstraned sstem rotatonal moton torques and angular momentum
More informationWeek3, Chapter 4. Position and Displacement. Motion in Two Dimensions. Instantaneous Velocity. Average Velocity
Week3, Chapter 4 Moton n Two Dmensons Lecture Quz A partcle confned to moton along the x axs moves wth constant acceleraton from x =.0 m to x = 8.0 m durng a 1s tme nterval. The velocty of the partcle
More informationChapter 10 Rotational motion
Prof. Dr. I. Nasser Chapter0_I November 6, 07 Important Terms Chapter 0 Rotatonal moton Angular Dsplacement s, r n radans where s s the length of arc and r s the radus. Angular Velocty The rate at whch
More informationPhysics 106 Lecture 6 Conservation of Angular Momentum SJ 7 th Ed.: Chap 11.4
Physcs 6 ecture 6 Conservaton o Angular Momentum SJ 7 th Ed.: Chap.4 Comparson: dentons o sngle partcle torque and angular momentum Angular momentum o a system o partcles o a rgd body rotatng about a xed
More informationPHYS 705: Classical Mechanics. Newtonian Mechanics
1 PHYS 705: Classcal Mechancs Newtonan Mechancs Quck Revew of Newtonan Mechancs Basc Descrpton: An dealzed pont partcle or a system of pont partcles n an nertal reference frame [Rgd bodes (ch. 5 later)]
More informationNEWTON S LAWS. These laws only apply when viewed from an inertial coordinate system (unaccelerated system).
EWTO S LAWS Consder two partcles. 1 1. If 1 0 then 0 wth p 1 m1v. 1 1 2. 1.. 3. 11 These laws only apply when vewed from an nertal coordnate system (unaccelerated system). consder a collecton of partcles
More informationA particle in a state of uniform motion remain in that state of motion unless acted upon by external force.
The fundamental prncples of classcal mechancs were lad down by Galleo and Newton n the 16th and 17th centures. In 1686, Newton wrote the Prncpa where he gave us three laws of moton, one law of gravty,
More informationAngular momentum. Instructor: Dr. Hoi Lam TAM ( 譚海嵐 )
Angular momentum Instructor: Dr. Ho Lam TAM ( 譚海嵐 ) Physcs Enhancement Programme or Gted Students The Hong Kong Academy or Gted Educaton and Department o Physcs, HKBU Department o Physcs Hong Kong Baptst
More information10/23/2003 PHY Lecture 14R 1
Announcements. Remember  Tuesday, Oct. 8 th, 9:30 AM Second exam (coverng Chapters 94 of HRW) Brng the followng: a) equaton sheet b) Calculator c) Pencl d) Clear head e) Note: If you have kept up wth
More information1 Hz = one cycle per second
Rotatonal Moton Mchael Fowler, UVa Physcs, 14E Sprng 009 Mar 5 Prelmnares: Unts for Angular Velocty The tachometer on your car dashboard tells you your car engne s angular speed n rpm, revolutons per mnute,
More information10/24/2013. PHY 113 C General Physics I 11 AM 12:15 PM TR Olin 101. Plan for Lecture 17: Review of Chapters 913, 1516
0/4/03 PHY 3 C General Physcs I AM :5 PM T Oln 0 Plan or Lecture 7: evew o Chapters 93, 56. Comment on exam and advce or preparaton. evew 3. Example problems 0/4/03 PHY 3 C Fall 03  Lecture 7 0/4/03
More informationMechanics Cycle 3 Chapter 9++ Chapter 9++
Chapter 9++ More on Knetc Energy and Potental Energy BACK TO THE FUTURE I++ More Predctons wth Energy Conservaton Revst: Knetc energy for rotaton Potental energy M total g y CM for a body n constant gravty
More informationPhysics 231. Topic 8: Rotational Motion. Alex Brown October MSU Physics 231 Fall
Physcs 231 Topc 8: Rotatonal Moton Alex Brown October 2126 2015 MSU Physcs 231 Fall 2015 1 MSU Physcs 231 Fall 2015 2 MSU Physcs 231 Fall 2015 3 Key Concepts: Rotatonal Moton Rotatonal Kneatcs Equatons
More informationWeek 8: Chapter 9. Linear Momentum. Newton Law and Momentum. Linear Momentum, cont. Conservation of Linear Momentum. Conservation of Momentum, 2
Lnear omentum Week 8: Chapter 9 Lnear omentum and Collsons The lnear momentum of a partcle, or an object that can be modeled as a partcle, of mass m movng wth a velocty v s defned to be the product of
More informationA Tale of Friction Basic Rollercoaster Physics. Fahrenheit Rollercoaster, Hershey, PA max height = 121 ft max speed = 58 mph
A Tale o Frcton Basc Rollercoaster Physcs Fahrenhet Rollercoaster, Hershey, PA max heght = 11 t max speed = 58 mph PLAY PLAY PLAY PLAY Rotatonal Movement Knematcs Smlar to how lnear velocty s dened, angular
More informationPhysics 181. Particle Systems
Physcs 181 Partcle Systems Overvew In these notes we dscuss the varables approprate to the descrpton of systems of partcles, ther defntons, ther relatons, and ther conservatons laws. We consder a system
More informationPHYSICS 231 Review problems for midterm 2
PHYSICS 31 Revew problems for mdterm Topc 5: Energy and Work and Power Topc 6: Momentum and Collsons Topc 7: Oscllatons (sprng and pendulum) Topc 8: Rotatonal Moton The nd exam wll be Wednesday October
More informationLinear Momentum. Center of Mass.
Lecture 16 Chapter 9 Physcs I 11.06.2013 Lnear oentu. Center of ass. Course webste: http://faculty.ul.edu/ndry_danylov/teachng/physcsi Lecture Capture: http://echo360.ul.edu/danylov2013/physcs1fall.htl
More informationEN40: Dynamics and Vibrations. Homework 7: Rigid Body Kinematics
N40: ynamcs and Vbratons Homewor 7: Rgd Body Knematcs School of ngneerng Brown Unversty 1. In the fgure below, bar AB rotates counterclocwse at 4 rad/s. What are the angular veloctes of bars BC and C?.
More informationENGN 40 Dynamics and Vibrations Homework # 7 Due: Friday, April 15
NGN 40 ynamcs and Vbratons Homework # 7 ue: Frday, Aprl 15 1. Consder a concal hostng drum used n the mnng ndustry to host a mass up/down. A cable of dameter d has the mass connected at one end and s wound/unwound
More informationROTATIONAL MOTION. dv d F m m V v dt dt. i i i cm i
ROTATIONAL MOTION Consder a collecton of partcles, m, located at R relatve to an nertal coordnate system. As before wrte: where R cm locates the center of mass. R Rcm r Wrte Newton s second law for the
More informationChapter 9. The Dot Product (Scalar Product) The Dot Product use (Scalar Product) The Dot Product (Scalar Product) The Cross Product.
The Dot Product (Scalar Product) Chapter 9 Statcs and Torque The dot product of two vectors can be constructed by takng the component of one vector n the drecton of the other and multplyng t tmes the magntude
More informationFirst Law: A body at rest remains at rest, a body in motion continues to move at constant velocity, unless acted upon by an external force.
Secton 1. Dynamcs (Newton s Laws of Moton) Two approaches: 1) Gven all the forces actng on a body, predct the subsequent (changes n) moton. 2) Gven the (changes n) moton of a body, nfer what forces act
More informationClassical Mechanics ( Particles and Biparticles )
Classcal Mechancs ( Partcles and Bpartcles ) Alejandro A. Torassa Creatve Commons Attrbuton 3.0 Lcense (0) Buenos Ares, Argentna atorassa@gmal.com Abstract Ths paper consders the exstence of bpartcles
More information3 d Rotations Rotating dumbbells in lab frame Moment of Inertial Tensor
d Rotatons Rotatng dumells n la frame Moment of Inertal Tensor Revew of BCS and FCS sstems Component notaton for I β Moments and Products of Inerta I x, I, I z P x, P xz, P z Moment of Inerta for a cue
More informationtotal If no external forces act, the total linear momentum of the system is conserved. This occurs in collisions and explosions.
Lesson 0: Collsons, Rotatonal netc Energy, Torque, Center o Graty (Sectons 7.8 Last te we used ewton s second law to deelop the pulseoentu theore. In words, the theore states that the change n lnear oentu
More informationCelestial Mechanics. Basic Orbits. Why circles? Tycho Brahe. PHY celestialmechanics  J. Hedberg
PHY 454  celestalmechancs  J. Hedberg  207 Celestal Mechancs. Basc Orbts. Why crcles? 2. Tycho Brahe 3. Kepler 4. 3 laws of orbtng bodes 2. Newtonan Mechancs 3. Newton's Laws. Law of Gravtaton 2. The
More informationChapter 20 Rigid Body: Translation and Rotational Motion Kinematics for Fixed Axis Rotation
Chapter 20 Rgd Body: Translaton and Rotatonal Moton Knematcs for Fxed Axs Rotaton 20.1 Introducton... 1 20.2 Constraned Moton: Translaton and Rotaton... 1 20.2.1 Rollng wthout slppng... 5 Example 20.1
More informationPhysics 207 Lecture 6
Physcs 207 Lecture 6 Agenda: Physcs 207, Lecture 6, Sept. 25 Chapter 4 Frames of reference Chapter 5 ewton s Law Mass Inerta s (contact and noncontact) Frcton (a external force that opposes moton) Free
More informationElectricity and Magnetism  Physics 121 Lecture 10  Sources of Magnetic Fields (Currents) Y&F Chapter 28, Sec. 17
Electrcty and Magnetsm  Physcs 11 Lecture 10  Sources of Magnetc Felds (Currents) Y&F Chapter 8, Sec. 17 Magnetc felds are due to currents The BotSavart Law Calculatng feld at the centers of current
More informationPhysics 141. Lecture 14. Frank L. H. Wolfs Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Rochester, Lecture 14, Page 1
Physcs 141. Lecture 14. Frank L. H. Wolfs Department of Physcs and Astronomy, Unversty of Rochester, Lecture 14, Page 1 Physcs 141. Lecture 14. Course Informaton: Lab report # 3. Exam # 2. MultPartcle
More informationSYSTEMS OF PARTICLES AND ROTATIONAL MOTION
CHAPTER SEVEN SYSTES OF PARTICLES AND ROTATIONAL OTION 7.1 Introducton 7.2 Centre of mass 7.3 oton of centre of mass 7.4 Lnear momentum of a system of partcles 7.5 Vector product of two vectors 7.6 Angular
More informationSYSTEMS OF PARTICLES AND ROTATIONAL MOTION
CHAPTER SEVEN SYSTEMS OF PARTICLES AND ROTATIONAL MOTION 7.1 Introducton 7. Centre of mass 7.3 Moton of centre of mass 7.4 Lnear momentum of a system of partcles 7.5 Vector product of two vectors 7.6 Angular
More information8.1 Arc Length. What is the length of a curve? How can we approximate it? We could do it following the pattern we ve used before
.1 Arc Length hat s the length of a curve? How can we approxmate t? e could do t followng the pattern we ve used before Use a sequence of ncreasngly short segments to approxmate the curve: As the segments
More informationPES 1120 Spring 2014, Spendier Lecture 6/Page 1
PES 110 Sprng 014, Spender Lecture 6/Page 1 Lecture today: Chapter 1) Electrc feld due to charge dstrbutons > charged rod > charged rng We ntroduced the electrc feld, E. I defned t as an nvsble aura
More informationPhysics 114 Exam 3 Spring Name:
Physcs 114 Exam 3 Sprng 015 Name: For gradng purposes (do not wrte here): Queston 1. 1... 3. 3. Problem 4. Answer each of the followng questons. Ponts for each queston are ndcated n red. Unless otherwse
More informationLAB # 4  Torque. d (1)
LAB # 4  Torque. Introducton Through the use of Newton's three laws of moton, t s possble (n prncple, f not n fact) to predct the moton of any set of partcles. That s, n order to descrbe the moton of
More informationa) No books or notes are permitted. b) You may use a calculator.
PHYS 050 Sprng 06 Name: Test 3 Aprl 7, 06 INSTRUCTIONS: a) No books or notes are permtted. b) You may use a calculator. c) You must solve all problems begnnng wth the equatons on the Inormaton Sheet provded
More informationSCHOOL OF COMPUTING, ENGINEERING AND MATHEMATICS SEMESTER 2 EXAMINATIONS 2011/2012 DYNAMICS ME247 DR. N.D.D. MICHÉ
s SCHOOL OF COMPUTING, ENGINEERING ND MTHEMTICS SEMESTER EXMINTIONS 011/01 DYNMICS ME47 DR. N.D.D. MICHÉ Tme allowed: THREE hours nswer: ny FOUR from SIX questons Each queston carres 5 marks Ths s a CLOSEDBOOK
More informationPhysics for Scientists & Engineers 2
Equpotental Surfaces and Lnes Physcs for Scentsts & Engneers 2 Sprng Semester 2005 Lecture 9 January 25, 2005 Physcs for Scentsts&Engneers 2 1 When an electrc feld s present, the electrc potental has a
More informationTranslational Equations of Motion for A Body Translational equations of motion (centroidal) for a body are m r = f.
Lesson 12: Equatons o Moton Newton s Laws Frst Law: A artcle remans at rest or contnues to move n a straght lne wth constant seed there s no orce actng on t Second Law: The acceleraton o a artcle s roortonal
More informationPHYS 1441 Section 001 Lecture #15 Wednesday, July 8, 2015
PHYS 1441 Secton 001 Lecture #15 Wednesday, July 8, 2015 Concept of the Center of Mass Center of Mass & Center of Gravty Fundamentals of the Rotatonal Moton Rotatonal Knematcs Equatons of Rotatonal Knematcs
More informationFor a 1weight experiment do Part 1. For a 2weight experiment do Part 1 and Part 2
Page of 6 THE GYROSCOPE The setup s not connected to a computer. You cannot get measured values drectly from the computer or enter them nto the lab PC. Make notes durng the sesson to use them later for
More informationChapter 3. r r. Position, Velocity, and Acceleration Revisited
Chapter 3 Poston, Velocty, and Acceleraton Revsted The poston vector of a partcle s a vector drawn from the orgn to the locaton of the partcle. In two dmensons: r = x ˆ+ yj ˆ (1) The dsplacement vector
More informationHomework 2: Kinematics and Dynamics of Particles Due Friday Feb 7, 2014 Max Score 45 Points + 8 Extra Credit
EN40: Dynamcs and Vbratons School of Engneerng Brown Unversty Homework : Knematcs and Dynamcs of Partcles Due Frday Feb 7, 014 Max Score 45 Ponts + 8 Extra Credt 1. An expermental mcrorobot (see a descrpton
More information5 The Physics of Rotating Bodies
Prnceton Unversty 1996 Ph101 Laboratory 5 1 5 The Physcs of Rotatng Bodes Introducton Newton s law F = m a descrbes the moton of the center of mass of an object. But n general the moton of a rgd body conssts
More informationSUMMARY Phys 2113 (General Physics I) Compiled by Prof. Erickson. v = r t. v = lim t 0. p = mv. a = v. a = lim
SUMMARY Phys 2113 (General Physcs I) Compled by Prof. Erckson Poston Vector (m): r = xˆx + yŷ + zẑ Average Velocty (m/s): v = r Instantaneous Velocty (m/s): v = lm 0 r = ṙ Lnear Momentum (kg m/s): p =
More informationIterative General Dynamic Model for SerialLink Manipulators
EEL6667: Knematcs, Dynamcs and Control of Robot Manpulators 1. Introducton Iteratve General Dynamc Model for SeralLnk Manpulators In ths set of notes, we are gong to develop a method for computng a general
More informationPY2101 Classical Mechanics Dr. Síle Nic Chormaic, Room 215 D Kane Bldg
PY2101 Classcal Mechancs Dr. Síle Nc Chormac, Room 215 D Kane Bldg s.ncchormac@ucc.e Lectures stll some ssues to resolve. Slots shared between PY2101 and PY2104. Hope to have t fnalsed by tomorrow. Mondays
More informationPHY2049 Exam 2 solutions Fall 2016 Solution:
PHY2049 Exam 2 solutons Fall 2016 General strategy: Fnd two resstors, one par at a tme, that are connected ether n SERIES or n PARALLEL; replace these two resstors wth one of an equvalent resstance. Now
More informationTHERMAL DISTRIBUTION IN THE HCL SPECTRUM OBJECTIVE
ame: THERMAL DISTRIBUTIO I THE HCL SPECTRUM OBJECTIVE To nvestgate a system s thermal dstrbuton n dscrete states; specfcally, determne HCl gas temperature from the relatve occupatons of ts rotatonal states.
More informationLecture 23: NewtonEuler Formulation. Vaibhav Srivastava
Lecture 23: NewtonEuler Formulaton Based on Chapter 7, Spong, Hutchnson, and Vdyasagar Vabhav Srvastava Department of Electrcal & Computer Engneerng Mchgan State Unversty Aprl 10, 2017 ECE 818: Robotcs
More informationChapter 12 Equilibrium & Elasticity
Chapter 12 Equlbrum & Elastcty If there s a net force, an object wll experence a lnear acceleraton. (perod, end of story!) If there s a net torque, an object wll experence an angular acceleraton. (perod,
More informationPhysics 106a, Caltech 11 October, Lecture 4: Constraints, Virtual Work, etc. Constraints
Physcs 106a, Caltech 11 October, 2018 Lecture 4: Constrants, Vrtual Work, etc. Many, f not all, dynamcal problems we want to solve are constraned: not all of the possble 3 coordnates for M partcles (or
More informationPhysics 5153 Classical Mechanics. D Alembert s Principle and The Lagrangian1
P. Guterrez Physcs 5153 Classcal Mechancs D Alembert s Prncple and The Lagrangan 1 Introducton The prncple of vrtual work provdes a method of solvng problems of statc equlbrum wthout havng to consder the
More information11. Dynamics in Rotating Frames of Reference
Unversty of Rhode Island DgtalCommons@URI Classcal Dynamcs Physcs Course Materals 2015 11. Dynamcs n Rotatng Frames of Reference Gerhard Müller Unversty of Rhode Island, gmuller@ur.edu Creatve Commons
More informationNMT EE 589 & UNM ME 482/582 ROBOT ENGINEERING. Dr. Stephen Bruder NMT EE 589 & UNM ME 482/582
NMT EE 589 & UNM ME 48/58 ROBOT ENGINEERING Dr. Stephen Bruder NMT EE 589 & UNM ME 48/58 7. Robot Dynamcs 7.5 The Equatons of Moton Gven that we wsh to fnd the path q(t (n jont space) whch mnmzes the energy
More informationTIME OF COMPLETION NAME SOLUTION DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL SCIENCES. PHYS 2211, Exam 2 Section 1 Version 1 October 18, 2013 Total Weight: 100 points
TIME OF COMPLETION NAME SOLUTION DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL SCIENCES PHYS, Exam Secton Verson October 8, 03 Total Weght: 00 ponts. Check your examnaton or completeness pror to startng. There are a total o nne
More informationLesson 5: Kinematics and Dynamics of Particles
Lesson 5: Knematcs and Dynamcs of Partcles hs set of notes descrbes the basc methodology for formulatng the knematc and knetc equatons for multbody dynamcs. In order to concentrate on the methodology and
More informationClassical Mechanics Virtual Work & d Alembert s Principle
Classcal Mechancs Vrtual Work & d Alembert s Prncple Dpan Kumar Ghosh UMDAE Centre for Excellence n Basc Scences Kalna, Mumba 400098 August 15, 2016 1 Constrants Moton of a system of partcles s often
More informationcoordinates. Then, the position vectors are described by
Revewng, what we have dscussed so far: Generalzed coordnates Any number of varables (say, n) suffcent to specfy the confguraton of the system at each nstant to tme (need not be the mnmum number). In general,
More informationPhysics 114 Exam 2 Fall 2014 Solutions. Name:
Physcs 114 Exam Fall 014 Name: For gradng purposes (do not wrte here): Queston 1. 1... 3. 3. Problem Answer each of the followng questons. Ponts for each queston are ndcated n red. Unless otherwse ndcated,
More informationPHYS 1443 Section 002
PHYS 443 Secton 00 Lecture #6 Wednesday, Nov. 5, 008 Dr. Jae Yu Collsons Elastc and Inelastc Collsons Two Dmensonal Collsons Center o ass Fundamentals o Rotatonal otons Wednesday, Nov. 5, 008 PHYS PHYS
More informationModule 11 Design of Joints for Special Loading. Version 2 ME, IIT Kharagpur
Module 11 Desgn o Jonts or Specal Loadng Verson ME, IIT Kharagpur Lesson 1 Desgn o Eccentrcally Loaded Bolted/Rveted Jonts Verson ME, IIT Kharagpur Instructonal Objectves: At the end o ths lesson, the
More informationPhysics 111 Final Exam, Fall 2013, Version A
Physcs 111 Fnal Exam, Fall 013, Verson A Name (Prnt): 4 Dgt ID: Secton: Honors Code Pledge: For ethcal and farness reasons all students are pledged to comply wth the provsons of the NJIT Academc Honor
More informationPage 1. SPH4U: Lecture 7. New Topic: Friction. Today s Agenda. Surface Friction... Surface Friction...
SPH4U: Lecture 7 Today s Agenda rcton What s t? Systeatc catagores of forces How do we characterze t? Model of frcton Statc & Knetc frcton (knetc = dynac n soe languages) Soe probles nvolvng frcton ew
More information= 1.23 m/s 2 [W] Required: t. Solution:!t = = 17 m/s [W]! m/s [W] (two extra digits carried) = 2.1 m/s [W]
Secton 1.3: Acceleraton Tutoral 1 Practce, page 24 1. Gven: 0 m/s; 15.0 m/s [S]; t 12.5 s Requred: Analyss: a av v t v f v t a v av f v t 15.0 m/s [S] 0 m/s 12.5 s 15.0 m/s [S] 12.5 s 1.20 m/s 2 [S] Statement:
More informationSlide. King Saud University College of Science Physics & Astronomy Dept. PHYS 103 (GENERAL PHYSICS) CHAPTER 5: MOTION IN 1D (PART 2) LECTURE NO.
Slde Kng Saud Unersty College of Scence Physcs & Astronomy Dept. PHYS 103 (GENERAL PHYSICS) CHAPTER 5: MOTION IN 1D (PART ) LECTURE NO. 6 THIS PRESENTATION HAS BEEN PREPARED BY: DR. NASSR S. ALZAYED Lecture
More informationCONDUCTORS AND INSULATORS
CONDUCTORS AND INSULATORS We defne a conductor as a materal n whch charges are free to move over macroscopc dstances.e., they can leave ther nucle and move around the materal. An nsulator s anythng else.
More informationPhysics 4B. Question and 3 tie (clockwise), then 2 and 5 tie (zero), then 4 and 6 tie (counterclockwise) B i. ( T / s) = 1.74 V.
Physcs 4 Solutons to Chapter 3 HW Chapter 3: Questons:, 4, 1 Problems:, 15, 19, 7, 33, 41, 45, 54, 65 Queston 31 and 3 te (clockwse), then and 5 te (zero), then 4 and 6 te (counterclockwse) Queston 34
More information