# St Olave s Physics Department. Year 11 Mock Revision Checklist

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1 St Olave s Physics Department Year 11 Mock Revision Checklist The following checklists include all the topics that will be included in the Year 11 Mock exam. Students should use the tickboxes to check their progress. The Appendices contain all the equations that the students may be required to use, and the electrical symbols they must know. The equations that will be provided in the examination are indicated.

2 Waves and Electromagnetic Spectrum a) Units 3.1 use the following units: degree ( ), hertz (Hz), metre (m), metre/second (m/s), second (s). b) Properties of waves 3.2 understand the difference between longitudinal and transverse waves and describe experiments to show longitudinal and transverse waves in, for example, ropes, springs and water 3.3 define amplitude, frequency, wavelength and period of a wave 3.4 understand that waves transfer energy and information without transferring matter 3.5 know and use the relationship between the speed, frequency and wavelength of a wave: wave speed = frequency wavelength v = f λ 3.6 use the relationship between frequency and time period: frequency = 1 time period frequency = 1 T 3.7 use the above relationships in different contexts including sound waves and electromagnetic waves 3.8 understand that waves can be diffracted when they pass an edge 3.9 understand that waves can be diffracted through gaps, and that the extent of diffraction depends on the wavelength and the physical dimension of the gap. c) The electromagnetic spectrum 3.10 understand that light is part of a continuous electromagnetic spectrum which includes radio, microwave, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x-ray and gamma ray radiations and that all these waves travel at the same speed in free space 3.11 identify the order of the electromagnetic spectrum in terms of decreasing wavelength and increasing frequency, including the colours of the visible spectrum 3.12 explain some of the uses of electromagnetic radiations, including: radio waves: broadcasting and communications microwaves: cooking and satellite transmissions infrared: heaters and night vision equipment visible light: optical fibres and photography ultraviolet: fluorescent lamps x-rays: observing the internal structure of objects and materials and medical applications gamma rays: sterilising food and medical equipment 3.13 understand the detrimental effects of excessive exposure of the human body to electromagnetic waves, including: microwaves: internal heating of body tissue infrared: skin burns ultraviolet: damage to surface cells and blindness gamma rays: cancer, mutation and describe simple protective measures against the risks.

3 Light and Sound 3.14 understand that light waves are transverse waves which can be reflected, refracted and diffracted 3.15 use the law of reflection (the angle of incidence equals the angle of reflection) 3.16 construct ray diagrams to illustrate the formation of a virtual image in a plane mirror 3.17 describe experiments to investigate the refraction of light, using rectangular blocks, semi-circular blocks and triangular prisms 3.18 know and use the relationship between refractive index, angle of incidence and angle of refraction: sin i n = sin r 3.19 describe an experiment to determine the refractive index of glass, using a glass block 3.20 describe the role of total internal reflection in transmitting information along optical fibres and in prisms 3.21 explain the meaning of critical angle c 3.22 know and use the relationship between critical angle and refractive index: sin c = 1 n 3.23 understand the difference between analogue and digital signals 3.24 describe the advantages of using digital signals rather than analogue signals 3.25 describe how digital signals can carry more information 3.26 understand that sound waves are longitudinal waves and how they can be reflected, refracted and diffracted 3.27 understand that the frequency range for human hearing is 20 Hz 20,000 Hz 3.28 describe an experiment to measure the speed of sound in air 3.29 understand how an oscilloscope and microphone can be used to display a sound wave 3.30 describe an experiment using an oscilloscope to determine the frequency of a sound wave 3.31 relate the pitch of a sound to the frequency of vibration of the source 3.32 relate the loudness of a sound to the amplitude of vibration.

4 Energy Transfers 4.2 describe energy transfers involving the following forms of energy: thermal (heat), light, electrical, sound, kinetic, chemical, nuclear and potential (elastic and gravitational) 4.3 understand that energy is conserved 4.4 know and use the relationship: useful energy output efficiency = total energy input 4.5 describe a variety of everyday and scientific devices and situations, explaining the fate of the input energy in terms of the above relationship, including their representation by Sankey diagrams 4.6 describe how energy transfer may take place by conduction, convection and radiation 4.7 explain the role of convection in everyday phenomena 4.8 explain how insulation is used to reduce energy transfers from buildings and the human body. Density and pressure 5.2 know and use the relationship between density, mass and volume: density = mass volume ρ = m V 5.3 describe experiments to determine density using direct measurements of mass and volume

5 Energy Resources and Electricity Production 4.16 describe the energy transfers involved in generating electricity using: wind water geothermal resources solar heating systems solar cells fossil fuels nuclear power 4.17 describe the advantages and disadvantages of methods of large-scale electricity production from various renewable and non-renewable resources. Work and Power 4.9 know and use the relationship between work, force and distance moved in the direction of the force: work done = force distance moved W = F d 4.10 understand that work done is equal to energy transferred 4.11 know and use the relationship: gravitational potential energy = mass g height GPE = m g h 4.12 know and use the relationship: kinetic energy = 1 mass speed2 2 KE = 1 2 mv understand how conservation of energy produces a link between gravitational potential energy, kinetic energy and work 4.14 describe power as the rate of transfer of energy or the rate of doing work 4.15 use the relationship between power, work done (energy transferred) and time taken: work done power = time taken P = W t

6 Kinematics 1.2 plot and interpret distance-time graphs 1.3 know and use the relationship between average speed, distance moved and time: average speed = total distance travelled time taken 1.4 describe experiments to investigate the motion of everyday objects such as toy cars or tennis balls 1.5 know and use the relationship between acceleration, velocity and time: change in velocity acceleration = time taken v u a = t 1.6 plot and interpret velocity-time graphs 1.7 determine acceleration from the gradient of a velocity-time graph 1.8 determine the distance travelled from the area between a velocity-time graph and the time axis. Dynamics 1.9 describe the effects of forces between bodies such as changes in speed, shape or direction 1.10 identify different types of force such as gravitational or electrostatic 1.11 distinguish between vector and scalar quantities 1.12 understand that force is a vector quantity 1.13 find the resultant force of forces that act along a line 1.14 understand that friction is a force that opposes motion 1.15 know and use the relationship between unbalanced force, mass and acceleration: force = mass acceleration F = m a 1.16 know and use the relationship between weight, mass and g: weight = mass g W = m g

7 Forces in Action 1.20 know and use the relationship between momentum, mass and velocity: momentum = mass velocity p = m v 1.21 use the idea of momentum to explain safety features 1.22 use the conservation of momentum to calculate the mass, velocity or momentum of objects 1.23 use the relationship between force, change in momentum and time taken: change in momentum = force time 1.24 demonstrate an understanding of Newton s third law 1.25 know and use the relationship between the moment of a force and its distance from the pivot: moment = force perpendicular distance from the pivot 1.26 recall that the weight of a body acts through its centre of gravity 1.27 know and use the principle of moments for a simple system of parallel forces acting in one plane 1.28 understand that the upward forces on a light beam, supported at its ends, vary with the position of a heavy object placed on the beam 1.29 describe experiments to investigate how extension varies with applied force for helical springs, metal wires and rubber bands 1.30 understand that the initial linear region of a force-extension graph is associated with Hooke s law 1.31 describe elastic behaviour as the ability of a material to recover its original shape after the forces causing deformation have been removed.

8 Orbits and Gravitation d) Astronomy 1.32 understand gravitational field strength, g, and recall that it is different on other planets and the moon from that on the Earth explain that gravitational force: causes moons to orbit planets causes the planets to orbit the sun causes artificial satellites to orbit the Earth causes comets to orbit the sun 1.34 describe the differences in the orbits of comets, moons and planets 1.35 use the relationship between orbital speed, orbital radius and time period: 2 π orbital radius orbital speed = time period 2 π r v = T 1.36 understand that: the universe is a large collection of billions of galaxies a galaxy is a large collection of billions of stars our solar system is in the Milky Way galaxy.

9 Static Electricity Electric charge 2.19 identify common materials which are electrical conductors or insulators, including metals and plastics 2.20 describe experiments to investigate how insulating materials can be charged by friction 2.21 explain that positive and negative electrostatic charges are produced on materials by the loss and gain of electrons 2.22 understand that there are forces of attraction between unlike charges and forces of repulsion between like charges 2.23 explain electrostatic phenomena in terms of the movement of electrons 2.24 explain the potential dangers of electrostatic charges, e.g. when fuelling aircraft and tankers 2.25 explain some uses of electrostatic charges, e.g. in photocopiers and inkjet printers. Mains Electricity Mains Electricity 2.2 understand and identify the hazards of electricity including frayed cables, long cables, damaged plugs, water around sockets, and pushing metal objects into sockets 2.3 understand the uses of insulation, double insulation, earthing, fuses and circuit breakers in a range of domestic appliances 2.4 understand that a current in a resistor results in the electrical transfer of energy and an increase in temperature, and how this can be used in a variety of domestic contexts 2.5 know and use the relationship: power = current voltage P = I V and apply the relationship to the selection of appropriate fuses 2.6 use the relationship between energy transferred, current, voltage and time: energy transferred = current voltage time E = I V t 2.7 understand the difference between mains electricity being alternating current (a.c.) and direct current (d.c.) being supplied by a cell or battery.

10 Current Electricity c) Energy and potential difference in circuits 2.8 explain why a series or parallel circuit is more appropriate for particular applications, including domestic lighting 2.9 understand that the current in a series circuit depends on the applied voltage and the number and nature of other components describe how current varies with voltage in wires, resistors, metal filament lamps and diodes, and how this can be investigated experimentally describe the qualitative effect of changing resistance on the current in a circuit 2.12 describe the qualitative variation of resistance of LDRs with illumination and of thermistors with temperature 2.13 know that lamps and LEDs can be used to indicate the presence of a current in a circuit 2.14 know and use the relationship between voltage, current and resistance: voltage = current resistance V = I R 2.15 understand that current is the rate of flow of charge 2.16 know and use the relationship between charge, current and time: charge = current time Q = I t 2.17 know that electric current in solid metallic conductors is a flow of negatively charged electrons 2.18 understand that: voltage is the energy transferred per unit charge passed the volt is a joule per coulomb.

11 Solids, Liquids and Gases Density and Pressure 5.1 use the following units: degrees Celsius ( o C), kelvin (K), joule (J), kilogram (kg), kilogram/metre 3 (kg/m 3 ), metre (m), metre 2 (m 2 ), metre 3 (m 3 ), metre/second (m/s), metre/second 2 (m/s 2 ), newton (N), pascal (Pa). 5.2 know and use the relationship between density, mass and volume: density = mass / volume ρ = m / V 5.3 describe experiments to determine density using direct measurements of mass and volume 5.4 know and use the relationship between pressure, force and area: pressure = force / area p = F / A 5.5 understand that the pressure at a point in a gas or liquid which is at rest acts equally in all directions 5.6 know and use the relationship for pressure difference: Change of State pressure difference = height density g p = h ρ g 5.7 understand the changes that occur when a solid melts to form a liquid, and when a liquid evaporates or boils to form a gas 5.8 describe the arrangement and motion of particles in solids, liquids and gases Ideal Gas Molecules 5.9 understand the significance of Brownian motion, as supporting evidence for particle theory 5.10 understand that molecules in a gas have a random motion and that they exert a force and hence a pressure on the walls of the container 5.11 understand that there is an absolute zero of temperature which is 273 C 5.12 describe the Kelvin scale of temperature and be able to convert between the Kelvin and Celsius scales 5.13 understand that an increase in temperature results in an increase in the average speed of gas molecules 5.14 understand that the Kelvin temperature of the gas is proportional to the average kinetic energy of its molecules 5.15 describe the qualitative relationship between pressure and Kelvin temperature for a gas in a sealed container 5.16 use the relationship between the pressure and Kelvin temperature of a fixed mass of gas at constant volume: p 1/T 1 = p 2/T use the relationship between the pressure and volume of a fixed mass of gas at constant temperature: p 1 V 1 = p 2 V 2

12 Electrical Circuit Symbols

13

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