# I. To find the coefficient of discharge for vcnturi meter. 2. To find the coefficient of discharge for ori rice meter.

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "I. To find the coefficient of discharge for vcnturi meter. 2. To find the coefficient of discharge for ori rice meter."

Transcription

1 Flow Measurement by Venturi and Orifice Meters Objectives: I. To find the coefficient of discharge for vcnturi meter. 2. To find the coefficient of discharge for ori rice meter. Venturi and Orificemeters are the most commonly used now-sensing elements in : industries. The venturitube has a converging conical inlet, a cylindrical throat, and a diverging recovery cone. It has no projections into the fiuid, no sharp corners, and no sudden changes in contour ~toj--. ~.....-/..... The inlet section decreases the :.lrea of the JluiJ stream. causing the velocity to increase and the pressure to decrease. The low pressure is measured in the center of the cylindrical throat since the pressure will be at its lowest value, and neither the pressure nor the velocity is changing. The recovery cone allows for the recovery of pressure such that total pressure loss is only 10% to 250/<. The high pressure is measured upstream of the entrance cone. The major disadvantages of thi.~ type oj' now detection are the high initial costs for installation and difficulty in installation and inspection.

2 u, u The Venturi effect is the reduction in fluid pressure that results when a fluid flows through a constricted section of pipe. The fluid velocity must increase through the constriction to satisfy the equation of continuity, while its pressure must decrease due to conservation of energy: the gain in kinetic energy is balanced by a drop in pressure or a pressure gradient force. An equation for the drop in pressure due to Venturi effect may be derived from a combination of Bernoulli's principle and the equation of continuity. The basic equation for venture meter is obtained by writing the Bernoulli equation for incompressible fluids across the upstream cone. If VI and V~ are average upstream and down stream velocities, respectively and p j>-den0y of the fluid then equation becomes z z _ Z(P 1 ' - Pz) alv l - azvz (1). p, Where a l and az are kinetic energy correction factors at position I and 2. The continuity equation can be written sinrhe density is constant as V, = (~:fv2./. f Where Dz = diameter of throat in meters Al = diameter of pipe in' mete:'s Where f3 is the ratio of the diameter of throat to that of diameter of pipe. Above equation applies strictly to the frictionless now to account for the small friction loss between locations and 2 equation 3 is corrected by iutroducing an empirical factor C v and writing "" \ Cv; /'Z(Pl - Pz) J 1- f34 'J P The small effects of the kinetic energy factors at and az are also taken into account in the definition of C v.

3 Where 52 is cross sectional area of throat in m 2. Substituting (PI - P 2 ) = pgh in the equation (5) we get Q;;;= I V = ] c-~~ 2gH ~~)1,)1 _J]4 'v. \I ej (JaM.-.1 j1c1111 \;y 'f.-j"~ ( 4. H = manometric difference* (specific gravity of m.anometric fluid ~ specific gravity of An orifice plate is a device used to measure the rate of fluid flow. It uses the :'lame principle as a Venturi meter, namely Bernoulli's principle which says that there is a relationship between the pressure of the fluid and the velocity of the fluid. When the velocity increases, the pressure decreases and vice versa. Differential ManometrIC difference \ pipe in which fluid flows. As fluid flows through the pipe, it has a certain velocity and a certain pressure. When the fluid reaches the orifice plate, with the hole in the middle, the fluid is forced to converge to go through the small hole; the point of maximum convergence actually occurs shortly downstream of the physical orifice, at the so-called vena-contracta point. As it does so, the velocity and the pressure changes. Beyond the vena contracta, the fluid expands and the velocity and pressure change once again. By measuring the difference in fluid pressure between the normal pipe section and at the

4 vena-contracta, the volumetric and mass t10w rates can be obtained from Bernoulli's equation. 1. Check all the clamps for tightness. 2. Check whether the water level in the ump is sufficient such that the suction pipe of pump is immersed. 3. Switch on the pump. 4. Open the gate valve and start the t1ow. 5. Open the outlet valve of the venturi meter and close the valve of orifice meter. 6. First open air cocks then open the venture meter cocks, remove all the air bubbles and close the air cocks slowly and simultaneously so that mercury does not run away into wate. (t 0') 8. Close the gate valve of measuring tank and measure the time for 5 liters of water for discharge, and the manometer difference. 9. Repeat the procedure by changing the discharge and take 10. Repeat the same for orifice meter. S.No I Manometer difference h (m) Time for 5 Lt water Q(actual) discharge (sec) m 3 /sec

5 S.No Manometer difference Time for 5 Lt water Q(actual) hem) discharge (sec) m 3 /sec For venturi meter Cross sectional area at throat to venturi meter S2 = 1.76 * 10' 4 m 2 The ratio of the diameter of throat to that of diameter of pipe {J is For orifice meter Cross sectional area to orifice meter S2 = 1.54 * 10' 4 m 2 The ratio of the diameter of orifice to that of diameter of pipe {3is The actual flow rate (Qa) Vs >/IJP for venturi meter. 2. The actual flow rate (Qa) Vs >/IJP for orifice meter. 1. Book: 'Unit Operations of Chemical Engineering' by McCabe and Smith (visited on ) (visited on ) (visited on ).

### EXPERIMENT No.1 FLOW MEASUREMENT BY ORIFICEMETER

EXPERIMENT No.1 FLOW MEASUREMENT BY ORIFICEMETER 1.1 AIM: To determine the co-efficient of discharge of the orifice meter 1.2 EQUIPMENTS REQUIRED: Orifice meter test rig, Stopwatch 1.3 PREPARATION 1.3.1

### Experiment (4): Flow measurement

Experiment (4): Flow measurement Introduction: The flow measuring apparatus is used to familiarize the students with typical methods of flow measurement of an incompressible fluid and, at the same time

### Experiment No.4: Flow through Venturi meter. Background and Theory

Experiment No.4: Flow through Venturi meter Background and Theory Introduction Flow meters are used in the industry to measure the volumetric flow rate of fluids. Differential pressure type flow meters

### Lecture23. Flowmeter Design.

Lecture23 Flowmeter Design. Contents of lecture Design of flowmeter Principles of flow measurement; i) Venturi and ii) Orifice meter and nozzle Relationship between flow rate and pressure drop Relation

### FACULTY OF CHEMICAL & ENERGY ENGINEERING FLUID MECHANICS LABORATORY TITLE OF EXPERIMENT: MINOR LOSSES IN PIPE (E4)

FACULTY OF CHEMICAL & ENERGY ENGINEERING FLUID MECHANICS LABORATORY TITLE OF EXPERIMENT: MINOR LOSSES IN PIPE (E4) 1 1.0 Objectives The objective of this experiment is to calculate loss coefficient (K

### Chapter 4 DYNAMICS OF FLUID FLOW

Faculty Of Engineering at Shobra nd Year Civil - 016 Chapter 4 DYNAMICS OF FLUID FLOW 4-1 Types of Energy 4- Euler s Equation 4-3 Bernoulli s Equation 4-4 Total Energy Line (TEL) and Hydraulic Grade Line

### DETERMINATION OF DISCHARGE AND HEAD LOSS USING A FLOW-MEASURING APPARATUS

DETERMINATION OF DISCHARGE AND HEAD LOSS USING A FLOW-MEASURING APPARATUS 1. INTRODUCTION Through use of the Flow-Measuring Apparatus, this experiment is designed to accustom students to typical methods

### 5 ENERGY EQUATION OF FLUID MOTION

5 ENERGY EQUATION OF FLUID MOTION 5.1 Introduction In order to develop the equations that describe a flow, it is assumed that fluids are subject to certain fundamental laws of physics. The pertinent laws

### Mass of fluid leaving per unit time

5 ENERGY EQUATION OF FLUID MOTION 5.1 Eulerian Approach & Control Volume In order to develop the equations that describe a flow, it is assumed that fluids are subject to certain fundamental laws of physics.

### LOSSES DUE TO PIPE FITTINGS

LOSSES DUE TO PIPE FITTINGS Aim: To determine the losses across the fittings in a pipe network Theory: The resistance to flow in a pipe network causes loss in the pressure head along the flow. The overall

### Experiment- To determine the coefficient of impact for vanes. Experiment To determine the coefficient of discharge of an orifice meter.

SUBJECT: FLUID MECHANICS VIVA QUESTIONS (M.E 4 th SEM) Experiment- To determine the coefficient of impact for vanes. Q1. Explain impulse momentum principal. Ans1. Momentum equation is based on Newton s

### EXPERIMENT NO. 4 CALIBRATION OF AN ORIFICE PLATE FLOWMETER MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT KING SAUD UNIVERSITY RIYADH

EXPERIMENT NO. 4 CALIBRATION OF AN ORIFICE PLATE FLOWMETER MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT KING SAUD UNIVERSITY RIYADH Submitted By: ABDULLAH IBN ABDULRAHMAN ID: 13456789 GROUP A EXPERIMENT PERFORMED

### VENTURIMETER EXPERIMENT

ENTURIMETER EXERIMENT. OBJECTİE The main objectives of this experiment is to obtain the coefficient of discharge from experimental data by utilizing venturi meter and, also the relationship between Reynolds

### MAHATMA GANDHI MISSION S JAWAHARLAL NEHRU ENGINEERING COLLEGE, AURANGABAD. (M.S.)

MAHATMA GANDHI MISSION S JAWAHARLAL NEHRU ENGINEERING COLLEGE, AURANGABAD. (M.S.) DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING FLUID MECHANICS I LAB MANUAL Prepared By Prof. L. K. Kokate Lab Incharge Approved By Dr.

### 04/01/1998 Developments in DP Flowmeters By Jesse Yoder

04/01/1998 Developments in DP Flowmeters By Jesse Yoder Developments in DP Flowmeters Improvements in Primary Elements Are Keeping Differential Pressure Flowmeters the First Choice for Many Process Applications

### If a stream of uniform velocity flows into a blunt body, the stream lines take a pattern similar to this: Streamlines around a blunt body

Venturimeter & Orificemeter ELEMENTARY HYDRAULICS National Certificate in Technology (Civil Engineering) Chapter 5 Applications of the Bernoulli Equation The Bernoulli equation can be applied to a great

### CALCULATION OF COEFFICIENT OF DISCHARGE OF ORIFICE PLATE AND FLOW NOZZLE

CALCULATION OF COEFFICIENT OF DISCHARGE OF ORIFICE PLATE AND FLOW NOZZLE A.NAGABHUSHANA RAO, M.PADMANABHAM ABSTRACT An orifice plate is a device used for measuring flow rate. Either a volumetric or mass

### Chapter 3 Bernoulli Equation

1 Bernoulli Equation 3.1 Flow Patterns: Streamlines, Pathlines, Streaklines 1) A streamline, is a line that is everywhere tangent to the velocity vector at a given instant. Examples of streamlines around

### Experimental and CFD analysis of flow through venturimeter to determine the coefficient of discharge

Experimental and CFD analysis of flow through venturimeter to determine the coefficient of discharge Nikhil Tamhankar Amar Pandhare Ashwinkumar Joglekar Vaibhav Bansode Abstract- The pressure distribution

### BRCM COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY Practical Experiment Instructions Sheet

Exp. Title FLUID MECHANICS- I LAB Syllabus FM-I Semester-4 th Page No. 1 of 1 Internal Marks: 25 L T P External Marks: 25 0 0 2 Total Marks: 50 1. To determine the met centric height of a floating body

### CHAPTER THREE FLUID MECHANICS

CHAPTER THREE FLUID MECHANICS 3.1. Measurement of Pressure Drop for Flow through Different Geometries 3.. Determination of Operating Characteristics of a Centrifugal Pump 3.3. Energy Losses in Pipes under

### CEE 3310 Control Volume Analysis, Oct. 7, D Steady State Head Form of the Energy Equation P. P 2g + z h f + h p h s.

CEE 3310 Control Volume Analysis, Oct. 7, 2015 81 3.21 Review 1-D Steady State Head Form of the Energy Equation ( ) ( ) 2g + z = 2g + z h f + h p h s out where h f is the friction head loss (which combines

### CEE 3310 Control Volume Analysis, Oct. 10, = dt. sys

CEE 3310 Control Volume Analysis, Oct. 10, 2018 77 3.16 Review First Law of Thermodynamics ( ) de = dt Q Ẇ sys Sign convention: Work done by the surroundings on the system < 0, example, a pump! Work done

### MAHATMA GANDHI MISSION S JAWAHARLAL NEHRU ENGINEERING COLLEGE, FLUID MECHANICS LABORATORY MANUAL

MAHATMA GANDHI MISSION S JAWAHARLAL NEHRU ENGINEERING COLLEGE, AURANGABAD. (M.S.) DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING FLUID MECHANICS LABORATORY MANUAL Prepared By Mr. L. K. Kokate Lab Incharge Approved By

### FLOW MEASUREMENT IN PIPES EXPERIMENT

University of Leicester Engineering Department FLOW MEASUREMENT IN PIPES EXPERIMENT Page 1 FORMAL LABORATORY REPORT Name of the experiment: FLOW MEASUREMENT IN PIPES Author: Apollin nana chaazou Partner

### Rate of Flow Quantity of fluid passing through any section (area) per unit time

Kinematics of Fluid Flow Kinematics is the science which deals with study of motion of liquids without considering the forces causing the motion. Rate of Flow Quantity of fluid passing through any section

### 3.25 Pressure form of Bernoulli Equation

CEE 3310 Control Volume Analysis, Oct 3, 2012 83 3.24 Review The Energy Equation Q Ẇshaft = d dt CV ) (û + v2 2 + gz ρ d + (û + v2 CS 2 + gz + ) ρ( v n) da ρ where Q is the heat energy transfer rate, Ẇ

### Q1 Give answers to all of the following questions (5 marks each):

FLUID MECHANICS First Year Exam Solutions 03 Q Give answers to all of the following questions (5 marks each): (a) A cylinder of m in diameter is made with material of relative density 0.5. It is moored

### FLUID MECHANICS. Chapter 3 Elementary Fluid Dynamics - The Bernoulli Equation

FLUID MECHANICS Chapter 3 Elementary Fluid Dynamics - The Bernoulli Equation CHAP 3. ELEMENTARY FLUID DYNAMICS - THE BERNOULLI EQUATION CONTENTS 3. Newton s Second Law 3. F = ma along a Streamline 3.3

### Flowmeter Discharge Coefficient Estimation

Bankston 1 Flowmeter Discharge Coefficient Estimation Elizabeth Bankston Team 1 Abstract An Edibon FME18 Flow Meter demonstration system was used to obtain experimental values for this experiment. The

### ABSTRACT I. INTRODUCTION

2016 IJSRSET Volume 2 Issue 4 Print ISSN : 2395-1990 Online ISSN : 2394-4099 Themed Section: Engineering and Technology Analysis of Compressible Effect in the Flow Metering By Orifice Plate Using Prasanna

### Lecture 13 Flow Measurement in Pipes. I. Introduction

Lecture 13 Flow Measurement in Pipes I. Introduction There are a wide variety of methods for measuring discharge and velocity in pipes, or closed conduits Many of these methods can provide very accurate

### Chapter Four fluid flow mass, energy, Bernoulli and momentum

4-1Conservation of Mass Principle Consider a control volume of arbitrary shape, as shown in Fig (4-1). Figure (4-1): the differential control volume and differential control volume (Total mass entering

### Flow Measurement in Pipes and Ducts COURSE CONTENT

Flow Measurement in Pipes and Ducts Dr. Harlan H. Bengtson, P.E. COURSE CONTENT 1. Introduction This course is about measurement of the flow rate of a fluid flowing under pressure in a closed conduit.

### Orifice and Venturi Pipe Flow Meters

Orifice and Venturi Pipe Flow Meters by Harlan H. Bengtson, PhD, P.E. 1. Introduction Your Course Title Here The flow rate of a fluid flowing in a pipe under pressure is measured for a variety of applications,

### CH.1 Overview of Fluid Mechanics/22 MARKS. 1.1 Fluid Fundamentals.

Content : 1.1 Fluid Fundamentals. 08 Marks Classification of Fluid, Properties of fluids like Specific Weight, Specific gravity, Surface tension, Capillarity, Viscosity. Specification of hydraulic oil

### Instruction Manual. Equipment for Engineering Education

Equipment for Engineering Education Instruction Manual HM15007 Bernoulli s Principle Demonstrator GUNT Gerätebau GmbH PO Box 1125 D-22881 Barsbüttel Germany Phone (040) 670854-0 Fax (040) 670854-42 Instruction

### SCHOOL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY SRM UNIVERSITY COURSE PLAN

SCHOOL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY SRM UNIVERSITY COURSE PLAN Course code : CH0317 Course Title : Momentum Transfer Semester : V Course Time : July Nov 2011 Required Text

### UNIT I FLUID PROPERTIES AND STATICS

SIDDHARTH GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS :: PUTTUR Siddharth Nagar, Narayanavanam Road 517583 QUESTION BANK (DESCRIPTIVE) Subject with Code : Fluid Mechanics (16CE106) Year & Sem: II-B.Tech & I-Sem Course & Branch:

### Predictionof discharge coefficient of Venturimeter at low Reynolds numbers by analytical and CFD Method

International Journal of Engineering and Technical Research (IJETR) ISSN: 2321-0869, Volume-3, Issue-5, May 2015 Predictionof discharge coefficient of Venturimeter at low Reynolds numbers by analytical

### vector H. If O is the point about which moments are desired, the angular moment about O is given:

The angular momentum A control volume analysis can be applied to the angular momentum, by letting B equal to angularmomentum vector H. If O is the point about which moments are desired, the angular moment

### 2 Internal Fluid Flow

Internal Fluid Flow.1 Definitions Fluid Dynamics The study of fluids in motion. Static Pressure The pressure at a given point exerted by the static head of the fluid present directly above that point.

### Fluid Mechanics Lab (ME-216-F) List of Experiments

Fluid Mechanics Lab (ME-216-F) List of Experiments 1. To determine the coefficient of discharge C d, velocity C v, and contraction C c of various types of orifices 2. Determine of discharge coefficients

### Fluid Mechanics c) Orificemeter a) Viscous force, Turbulence force, Compressible force a) Turbulence force c) Integration d) The flow is rotational

Fluid Mechanics 1. Which is the cheapest device for measuring flow / discharge rate. a) Venturimeter b) Pitot tube c) Orificemeter d) None of the mentioned 2. Which forces are neglected to obtain Euler

### 2.The lines that are tangent to the velocity vectors throughout the flow field are called steady flow lines. True or False A. True B.

CHAPTER 03 1. Write Newton's second law of motion. YOUR ANSWER: F = ma 2.The lines that are tangent to the velocity vectors throughout the flow field are called steady flow lines. True or False 3.Streamwise

### Lecture 3 The energy equation

Lecture 3 The energy equation Dr Tim Gough: t.gough@bradford.ac.uk General information Lab groups now assigned Timetable up to week 6 published Is there anyone not yet on the list? Week 3 Week 4 Week 5

### Applied Fluid Mechanics

Applied Fluid Mechanics 1. The Nature of Fluid and the Study of Fluid Mechanics 2. Viscosity of Fluid 3. Pressure Measurement 4. Forces Due to Static Fluid 5. Buoyancy and Stability 6. Flow of Fluid and

### Applied Fluid Mechanics

Applied Fluid Mechanics 1. The Nature of Fluid and the Study of Fluid Mechanics 2. Viscosity of Fluid 3. Pressure Measurement 4. Forces Due to Static Fluid 5. Buoyancy and Stability 6. Flow of Fluid and

### Exam #2: Fluid Kinematics and Conservation Laws April 13, 2016, 7:00 p.m. 8:40 p.m. in CE 118

CVEN 311-501 (Socolofsky) Fluid Dynamics Exam #2: Fluid Kinematics and Conservation Laws April 13, 2016, 7:00 p.m. 8:40 p.m. in CE 118 Name: : UIN: : Instructions: Fill in your name and UIN in the space

### COURSE CODE : 3072 COURSE CATEGORY : B PERIODS/ WEEK : 5 PERIODS/ SEMESTER : 75 CREDIT : 5 TIME SCHEDULE

COURSE TITLE : FLUID MECHANICS COURSE CODE : 307 COURSE CATEGORY : B PERIODS/ WEEK : 5 PERIODS/ SEMESTER : 75 CREDIT : 5 TIME SCHEDULE MODULE TOPIC PERIOD 1 Properties of Fluids 0 Fluid Friction and Flow

### SUMMER 14 EXAMINATION

Important Instructions to examiners: 1) The answers should be examined by key words and not as word-to-word as given in the model answer scheme. 2) The model answer and the answer written by candidate

### FLUID MECHANICS PROF. DR. METİN GÜNER COMPILER

FLUID MECHANICS PROF. DR. METİN GÜNER COMPILER ANKARA UNIVERSITY FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY AND TECHNOLOGIES ENGINEERING 1 4. ELEMENTARY FLUID DYNAMICS -THE BERNOULLI EQUATION

### INSTITUTE OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING Dundigal, Hyderabad AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING QUESTION BANK : AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING.

Course Name Course Code Class Branch INSTITUTE OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING Dundigal, Hyderabad - 00 0 AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING : Mechanics of Fluids : A00 : II-I- B. Tech Year : 0 0 Course Coordinator

### Flow Measurement in Pipes and Ducts COURSE CONTENT

Flow Measurement in Pipes and Ducts Dr. Harlan H. Bengtson, P.E. COURSE CONTENT 1. Introduction This course is about measurement of the flow rate of a fluid flowing under pressure in a closed conduit.

### FLUID MECHANICS D203 SAE SOLUTIONS TUTORIAL 2 APPLICATIONS OF BERNOULLI SELF ASSESSMENT EXERCISE 1

FLUID MECHANICS D203 SAE SOLUTIONS TUTORIAL 2 APPLICATIONS OF BERNOULLI SELF ASSESSMENT EXERCISE 1 1. A pipe 100 mm bore diameter carries oil of density 900 kg/m3 at a rate of 4 kg/s. The pipe reduces

### Orifice and Venturi Pipe Flow Meters

Orifice and Venturi Pipe Flow Meters For Liquid and Gas Flow by Harlan H. Bengtson, PhD, P.E. 1. Introduction Orifice and Venturi Pipe Flow Meters The flow rate of a fluid flowing in a pipe under pressure

### Prediction of Performance Characteristics of Orifice Plate Assembly for Non-Standard Conditions Using CFD

International Journal of Engineering and Technical Research (IJETR) ISSN: 2321-0869, Volume-3, Issue-5, May 2015 Prediction of Performance Characteristics of Orifice Plate Assembly for Non-Standard Conditions

### The Bernoulli Equation

The Bernoulli Equation The most used and the most abused equation in fluid mechanics. Newton s Second Law: F = ma In general, most real flows are 3-D, unsteady (x, y, z, t; r,θ, z, t; etc) Let consider

### S.E. (Mech.) (First Sem.) EXAMINATION, (Common to Mech/Sandwich) FLUID MECHANICS (2008 PATTERN) Time : Three Hours Maximum Marks : 100

Total No. of Questions 12] [Total No. of Printed Pages 8 Seat No. [4262]-113 S.E. (Mech.) (First Sem.) EXAMINATION, 2012 (Common to Mech/Sandwich) FLUID MECHANICS (2008 PATTERN) Time : Three Hours Maximum

### MCE380: Measurements and Instrumentation Lab

MCE380: Measurements and Instrumentation Lab Chapter 8: Flow Measurements Topics: Basic Flow Equations Flow Obstruction Meters Positive Displacement Flowmeters Other Methods Holman, Ch. 7 Cleveland State

### EXPERIMENT NO: F5. Losses in Piping Systems

SJSU ME115 - THERMAL ENGINEERING LAB EXPERIMENT NO: F5 Losses in Piping Systems Objective One of the most common problems in fluid mechanics is the estimation of pressure loss. It is the objective of this

### [Prasanna m a*et al., 5(6): July, 2016] ISSN: IC Value: 3.00 Impact Factor: 4.116

IJESRT INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING SCIENCES & RESEARCH TECHNOLOGY NUMERICAL ANALYSIS OF COMPRESSIBLE EFFECT IN THE FLOW METERING BY CLASSICAL VENTURIMETER Prasanna M A *, Dr V Seshadri, Yogesh

### Chapter 15B - Fluids in Motion. A PowerPoint Presentation by Paul E. Tippens, Professor of Physics Southern Polytechnic State University

Chapter 15B - Fluids in Motion A PowerPoint Presentation by Paul E. Tippens, Professor of Physics Southern Polytechnic State University 007 Paul E. Tippens Fluid Motion The lower falls at Yellowstone National

### Mechanical Measurements and Metrology Prof. S. P. Venkateshan Department of Mechanical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Madras

Mechanical Measurements and Metrology Prof. S. P. Venkateshan Department of Mechanical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Madras Module - 3 Lecture - 33 Measurement of Volume and Mass Flow Rate

### Measurements using Bernoulli s equation

An Internet Book on Fluid Dynamics Measurements using Bernoulli s equation Many fluid measurement devices and techniques are based on Bernoulli s equation and we list them here with analysis and discussion.

### BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (COMPUTER INTEGRATED MANUFACTURING)

No. of Printed Pages : 6 BME-028 BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (COMPUTER INTEGRATED MANUFACTURING) Term-End Examination December, 2011 00792 BME-028 : FLUID MECHANICS Time : 3 hours

### Calibration of Orifice Flow Meter and Venturi Flow Meter

Calibration of Orifice Flow Meter and Venturi Flow Meter D. Till Abstract Orifice and venturi flow meters decrease the pressure of a fluid b increasing its velocit as it flows through them. This is done

### NPTEL Course Developer for Fluid Mechanics DYMAMICS OF FLUID FLOW

Module 04; Lecture DYMAMICS OF FLUID FLOW Energy Equation (Conservation of Energy) In words, the conservation of energy can be stated as, Time rate of increase in stored energy of the system = Net time

### CHAPTER 3 BASIC EQUATIONS IN FLUID MECHANICS NOOR ALIZA AHMAD

CHAPTER 3 BASIC EQUATIONS IN FLUID MECHANICS 1 INTRODUCTION Flow often referred as an ideal fluid. We presume that such a fluid has no viscosity. However, this is an idealized situation that does not exist.

### Lecture 24. Design of flow meters

Lecture 24 Design of flow meters Contents Exercise 1 Exercise 2 Exercise 3 Key Words: Fluid flow, Macroscopic Balance, Frictional Losses, Turbulent Flow, Venturimeter, Orifice Meter, Pitot Tube Exercise

### DARSHAN INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, RAJKOT FLUID MECHANICS ( )

DARSHAN INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, RAJKOT FLUID MECHANICS (2141906) Sr. No. Experiment Start Date End Date Sign Remark 1. To understand pressure measurement procedure and related instruments/devices.

### R09. d water surface. Prove that the depth of pressure is equal to p +.

Code No:A109210105 R09 SET-1 B.Tech II Year - I Semester Examinations, December 2011 FLUID MECHANICS (CIVIL ENGINEERING) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 75 Answer any five questions All questions carry equal

### B.E/B.Tech/M.E/M.Tech : Chemical Engineering Regulation: 2016 PG Specialisation : NA Sub. Code / Sub. Name : CH16304 FLUID MECHANICS Unit : I

Department of Chemical Engineering B.E/B.Tech/M.E/M.Tech : Chemical Engineering Regulation: 2016 PG Specialisation : NA Sub. Code / Sub. Name : CH16304 FLUID MECHANICS Unit : I LP: CH 16304 Rev. No: 00

### Lesson 37 Transmission Of Air In Air Conditioning Ducts

Lesson 37 Transmission Of Air In Air Conditioning Ducts Version 1 ME, IIT Kharagpur 1 The specific objectives of this chapter are to: 1. Describe an Air Handling Unit (AHU) and its functions (Section 37.1).

### GATE PSU. Chemical Engineering. Fluid Mechanics. For. The Gate Coach 28, Jia Sarai, Near IIT Hauzkhas, New Delhi 16 (+91) ,

For GATE PSU Chemical Engineering Fluid Mechanics GATE Syllabus Fluid statics, Newtonian and non-newtonian fluids, Bernoulli equation, Macroscopic friction factors, energy balance, dimensional analysis,

### UNIT IV. Flow through Orifice and Mouthpieces and Flow through Notchs and Weirs

SIDDHARTH GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS :: PUTTUR Siddharth Nagar, Narayanavanam Road 517583 QUESTION BANK (DESCRIPTIVE) Subject with Code : FM(15A01305) Year & Sem: II-B.Tech & I-Sem Course & Branch: B.Tech -

### Republic of Iraq Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research University of Technology- Electromechanical Department

RepublicofIraq MinistryofHigherEducation andscientificresearch UniversityofTechnology- Electromechanical Department - 2014 1436 Experiment No. 1 Calibration of Bourdon Gauge Description: Figure (1) shows

### Pipe Flow. Lecture 17

Pipe Flow Lecture 7 Pipe Flow and the Energy Equation For pipe flow, the Bernoulli equation alone is not sufficient. Friction loss along the pipe, and momentum loss through diameter changes and corners

### Benha University College of Engineering at Benha Questions For Corrective Final Examination Subject: Fluid Mechanics M 201 May 24/ 2016

Benha University College of Engineering at Benha Questions For Corrective Final Examination Subject: Fluid Mechanics M 01 May 4/ 016 Second year Mech. Time :180 min. Examiner:Dr.Mohamed Elsharnoby Attempt

### Stream Tube. When density do not depend explicitly on time then from continuity equation, we have V 2 V 1. δa 2. δa 1 PH6L24 1

Stream Tube A region of the moving fluid bounded on the all sides by streamlines is called a tube of flow or stream tube. As streamline does not intersect each other, no fluid enters or leaves across the

### Chemical Engineering 3P04 Process Control Tutorial # 1 Learning goals

Chemical Engineering 3P04 Process Control Tutorial # 1 Learning goals 1. Sensor Principles with the flow sensor example 2. The typical manipulated variable: flow through a conduit Sensors: We need them

### COMPARISION OF FLOW ANALYSIS THROUGH A DIFFERENT GEOMETRY OF FLOWMETERS USING FLUENT SOFTWARE

COMPARISION OF FLOW ANALYSIS THROUGH A DIFFERENT GEOMETRY OF FLOWMETERS USING FLUENT SOFTWARE T.Sridevi 1, Dhana Sekhar 2, V.Subrahmanyam 3 1 M.Tech Scholar, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kakinada

### 10.52 Mechanics of Fluids Spring 2006 Problem Set 3

10.52 Mechanics of Fluids Spring 2006 Problem Set 3 Problem 1 Mass transfer studies involving the transport of a solute from a gas to a liquid often involve the use of a laminar jet of liquid. The situation

### Chapter 11 - Fluids in Motion. Sections 7-9

Chapter - Fluids in Motion Sections 7-9 Fluid Motion The lower falls at Yellowstone National Park: the water at the top of the falls passes through a narrow slot, causing the velocity to increase at that

### Dimensions represent classes of units we use to describe a physical quantity. Most fluid problems involve four primary dimensions

BEE 5330 Fluids FE Review, Feb 24, 2010 1 A fluid is a substance that can not support a shear stress. Liquids differ from gasses in that liquids that do not completely fill a container will form a free

### SAMPLE FORMAL REPORT A

SAMPLE FORMAL REPORT A Chemical Engineering 4903 and 4905 The following sample laboratory formal report is not intended to represent the scope and depth of the projects assigned to students. It is an edited

### 1.060 Engineering Mechanics II Spring Problem Set 4

1.060 Engineering Mechanics II Spring 2006 Due on Monday, March 20th Problem Set 4 Important note: Please start a new sheet of paper for each problem in the problem set. Write the names of the group members

### BERNOULLI EQUATION. The motion of a fluid is usually extremely complex.

Chapter 5 Fluid in Motion The Bernoulli Equation BERNOULLI EQUATION The motion of a fluid is usually extremely complex. The study of a fluid at rest, or in relative equilibrium, was simplified by the absence

### Angular momentum equation

Angular momentum equation For angular momentum equation, B =H O the angular momentum vector about point O which moments are desired. Where β is The Reynolds transport equation can be written as follows:

### Pumping Stations Design For Infrastructure Master Program Engineering Faculty-IUG

umping Stations Design For Infrastructure Master rogram Engineering Faculty-IUG Lecture : umping Hydraulics Dr. Fahid Rabah Water and environment Engineering frabah@iugaza.edu The main items that will

### A Numerical Estimate of Flexible Short-Tube Flow and Deformation with R-134a and R-410a

For personal use only. Additional reproduction, distribution, or transmission SL-08-043 A Numerical Estimate of Flexible Short-Tube Flow and Deformation with R-134a and R-410a Ramadan Bassiouny, PhD Dennis

### Flow Measurement in Pipes and Ducts

Flow Measurement in Pipes and Ducts Course No: M04-040 Credit: 4 PDH Harlan H. Bengtson, Ph.D., P.E. Continuing Education and Development, Inc. 9 Greyridge Farm Court Stony Point, NY 10980 P: (877) 322-5800

### Applied Fluid Mechanics

Applied Fluid Mechanics 1. The Nature of Fluid and the Study of Fluid Mechanics 2. Viscosity of Fluid 3. Pressure Measurement 4. Forces Due to Static Fluid 5. Buoyancy and Stability 6. Flow of Fluid and

### Sourabh V. Apte. 308 Rogers Hall

Sourabh V. Apte 308 Rogers Hall sva@engr.orst.edu 1 Topics Quick overview of Fluid properties, units Hydrostatic forces Conservation laws (mass, momentum, energy) Flow through pipes (friction loss, Moody

### Compressible Gas Flow

Compressible Gas Flow by Elizabeth Adolph Submitted to Dr. C. Grant Willson CHE53M Department of Chemical Engineering The University of Texas at Austin Fall 008 Compressible Gas Flow Abstract In this lab,

### PART II. Fluid Mechanics Pressure. Fluid Mechanics Pressure. Fluid Mechanics Specific Gravity. Some applications of fluid mechanics

ART II Some applications of fluid mechanics Fluid Mechanics ressure ressure = F/A Units: Newton's per square meter, Nm -, kgm - s - The same unit is also known as a ascal, a, i.e. a = Nm - ) English units:

### One-Dimensional Isentropic Flow

Cairo University Second Year Faculty of Engineering Gas Dynamics AER 201B Aerospace Department Sheet (1) 2011-2012 One-Dimensional Isentropic Flow 1. Assuming the flow of a perfect gas in an adiabatic,

### Approximate physical properties of selected fluids All properties are given at pressure kn/m 2 and temperature 15 C.

Appendix FLUID MECHANICS Approximate physical properties of selected fluids All properties are given at pressure 101. kn/m and temperature 15 C. Liquids Density (kg/m ) Dynamic viscosity (N s/m ) Surface