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2 1. Electrons A) are about 2000 times more massive than protons. B) are about 2000 times less massive than protons. C) have 2000 times the charge of protons. D) have 1/2000 the charge of protons. E) can have any amount of charge. 2. Experimental evidence indicates that A) charge is quantized and conserved. B) charge is quantized but not conserved. C) charge is conserved but not quantized. D) charge is neither quantized nor conserved. E) None of these answers is correct. 3. If an object is determined to have a negative charge of 160 nc, you can conclude that the object has an excess of A) 10 9 electrons D) electrons B) electrons E) electrons C) electrons 4. If you bring a positively charged insulator near two uncharged metallic spheres that are in contact and then separate the spheres, the sphere on the right will have A) no net charge. D) either a positive or negative charge. B) a positive charge. E) None of these is correct. C) a negative charge. Ans: B

3 5. Two small spheres, each with mass m = 5.0 g and charge q, are suspended from a point by threads of length L = 0.30 m. What is the charge on each sphere if the threads make an angle = 20º with the vertical? A) C D) C B) C E) C C) C Ans: B Use the picture for the next two problems. A conducting sphere has a net charge of q and of mass m is suspended from the ceiling by a light string. A uniform electric field E is applied vertical down on the sphere. T E q m Section: 21 4 Topic: The Electric Field Type: Conceptual 6. The tension T in the string is the weight mg. A) less than D) dependent on the strength of E in relation to B) equal to E) insufficient information to tell C) greater than Ans: A

4 7. The point P is on the axis of a ring of charge, and all vectors shown lie in the yz plane. The negatively charged ring lies in the xz plane. The vector that correctly represents the direction of the electric field at this point is A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 4 E) 5 Ans: A 8. The figure shows the field lines for two charges. What is the ratio of the top charge to the bottom charge? Pay attention to the signs of the charges. A) 1:2 D) 2:1 B) 1:2 E) 2: 1 C) 2:1

5 9. A cubical surface with no charge enclosed and with sides 2.0 m long is oriented with right and left faces perpendicular to a uniform electric field E of ( N/C) i. The net electric flux E through this surface is approximately A) zero D) N m 2 /C B) N m 2 /C E) N m 2 /C C) N m 2 /C Ans: A 10. A cubical surface with sides 2.0 m long is oriented with right and left faces perpendicular to a uniform electric field E of ( N/C) i. The net charge enclosed by this surface is approximately A) µc D) zero B) µc E) µc C) µc

6 11. Which of the following circumstances about Gauss s law is true? A) Gauss s law is applicable in highly symmetric cases such as uniformly charged infinite plane, infinite cylinder, or sphere. B) Gauss s law is applicable for a point charge. C) Gauss s law is applicable for two or more point charges. D) Gauss s law is applicable for any objects of any shape. E) all of the above 12. Consider a uniform electric field E = (5.0 kn/c) i. What is the flux of this field through a square of side 20 cm in a plane parallel to the yz plane? A) 0.10 kn m 2 /C D) 0.50 kn m 2 /C B) 0.20 kn m 2 /C E) 0.13 kn m 2 /C C) 0.40 kn m 2 /C Ans: B 13. The figure shows a surface enclosing the charges 2q and q. The net flux through the surface surrounding the two charges is A) q/ 0 B) 2q/ 0 C) q/ 0 D) zero E) None of these is correct. Ans: A

7 14. A rod of infinite length has a charge per unit length of (= q/l). Gauss's law makes it easy to determine that the electric field strength at a perpendicular distance r from the rod is, in terms of k = (4 0 ) 1, A) k /r 2 B) k /r C) 4 k /r D) 2k /r E) zero 15. The voltage between the cathode and the screen of a television set is 22 kv. If we assume a speed of zero for an electron as it leaves the cathode, what is its speed just before it hits the screen? A) m/s D) m/s B) m/s E) m/s C) m/s Ans: A 16. The voltage between the cathode and the screen of a computer monitor is 12 kv. If we assume a speed of zero for an electron as it leaves the cathode, what is its speed just before it hits the screen? A) m/s D) m/s B) m/s E) m/s C) m/s Ans: B

8 17. When 2.0 C of charge moves at constant speed along a path between two points differing in potential by 6.0 V, the amount of work done is A) 2 J B) 3 J C) 6 J D) 12 J E) 24 J Section: 23 1 Topic: Potential Difference Type: Numerical 18. When 5.0 C of charge moves at constant speed along a path between two points differing in potential by 12 V, the amount of work done is A) 2.4 J B) 0.42 J C) 5.0 J D) 12 J E) 60 J 19. The electron volt is a unit of A) capacitance B) charge C) energy D) momentum E) potential Ans: C 20. A uniform electric field exists between two parallel plates separated by 2.0 cm. The intensity of the field is 15 kn/c. What is the potential difference between the plates? A) 0.75 MV B) 30 kv C) 15 kv D) 0.30 kv E) 54 kv

9 21. A uniform electric field exists between two parallel plates separated by 1.2 cm. The intensity of the field is 23 kn/c. What is the potential difference between the plates? A) 7.5 MV D) 0.30 kv B) 3.0 MV E) None of these is correct. C) 15 kv 22. The electrostatic potential as a function of distance along a certain line in space is shown in graph (1). Which of the curves in graph (2) is most likely to represent the electric field as a function of distance along the same line? A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 4 E) 5

10 Use the following to answer the next 3 questions: 23. Which of the points shown in the diagram are at the same potential? A) 2 and 5 B) 2, 3, and 5 C) 1 and 4 D) 1 and 5 E) 2 and 4 Ans: C 24. Which point in the electric field in the diagram is at the highest potential? A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 4 E) Which point in the electric field in the diagram is at the lowest potential? A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 4 E) 5 Ans: C

11 26. A metal ball of charge +Q is lowered into an insulated, uncharged metal shell and allowed to rest on the bottom of the shell. When the charges reach equilibrium, A) the outside of the shell has a charge of Q and the ball has a charge of +Q. B) the outside of the shell has a charge of +Q and the ball has a charge of +Q. C) the outside of the shell has a charge of zero and the ball has a charge of +Q. D) the outside of the shell has a charge of +Q and the ball has zero charge. E) the ouside of the shell has a charge of +Q and the ball has a charge of Q. 27. A capacitor of capacitance C holds a charge Q when the potential difference across the plates is V. If the charge Q on the plates is doubled to 2Q, A) the capacitance becomes (1/2)V. D) the potential changes to 2V. B) the capacitance becomes 2C. E) the potential does not change. C) the potential changes to (1/2)V. 28. If C 1 < C 2 < C 3 < C 4 for the combination of capacitors shown, the equivalent capacitance A) is less than C 1. B) is more than C 4. C) is between C 2 and C 3. D) is less than C 2. E) could be any value depending on the applied voltage. Ans: B

12 29. If C 1 < C 2 < C 3 < C 4 for the combination of capacitors shown, the equivalent capacitance A) is less than C 1. B) is more than C 4. C) is between C 2 and C 3. D) is more than C 2. E) could be any value depending on the applied voltage. Ans: A 30. When you insert a piece of paper ( = 3.7) into the air between the plates of a capacitor, the capacitance A) increases. B) decreases. C) does not change. D) could increase, decrease, or not change depending on the dielectric constant of the paper. E) does none of these. Ans: A 31. A capacitor is connected to a battery as shown. When a dielectric is inserted between the plates of the capacitor, A) only the capacitance changes. B) only the voltage across the capacitor changes. C) only the charge on the capacitor changes. D) both the capacitance and the voltage change. E) both the capacitance and the charge change.

13 32. For copper, = 8.93 g/cm 3 and M = 63.5 g/mol. Assuming one free electron per copper atom, what is the drift velocity of electrons in a copper wire of radius mm carrying a current of 3 A? A) m/s D) m/s B) m/s E) m/s C) m/s Ans: B 33. For copper, = 8.93 g/cm 3 and M = 63.5 g/mol. Assuming one free electron per copper atom, what is the drift velocity of electrons in a copper wire of radius mm carrying a current of 5 A? A) m/s D) m/s B) m/s E) m/s C) m/s 34. Which of the following statements is false? A) When there is no electric field in a wire, the free electrons move in random directions with speeds of the order of 10 6 m/s. B) By convention, electrons move in the direction opposite to the direction of current. C) In the absence of an electric field, the average velocity of the electrons in a wire is very large. D) The drift velocity of electrons in a typical metal is very small. E) The motion of the free electrons in a metal is similar to that of the molecules of a gas. Ans: C

14 35. The seemingly instantaneous propagation of electric current in a wire when a switch is closed can be understood in terms of A) the propagation of an electric field down the wire with nearly the speed of light. B) the acquisition of the drift velocities of the free electrons almost immediately. C) a very large number of charges slowly drifting down the wire. D) the replacement of charge flowing out of the wire at one end by charge entering the wire at the other end. E) all of the above 36. The resistivity of any given metal A) depends on its temperature. B) varies linearly with temperature. C) is the proportionality constant between the resistance, R, and the ratio of the length, L, to the cross-sectional area, A, of a wire made of the metal. D) has units of ohm-meter. E) is described by all of the above. 37. If a current of 2.0 A is flowing from point a to point b, the potential difference between the points is A) 6 V B) 8 V C) 14 V D) 20 V E) 22 V Ans: A 38. An energy efficient light bulb uses 15 W of power for an equivalent light output of a 60 W incandescent light bulb. How much money do you save each month by using the energy efficient light bulb instead of the incandescent light bulb for 6 hours a day? Assume that 1 kw hr costs 14 cents and there are 30 days in one month. A) \$0.39 D) \$0.57 B) \$0.76 E) \$1.13 C) \$1.51

15 The circuit in the figure contains a battery and a resistor in series. Which of the following statements is not true? A) The current in the circuit is 2 A. B) Point is at a higher potential than point, and V = 5 V. C) The battery is supplying energy to the circuit at the rate of 6 W. D) The rate of heating in the external resistor is 10 W. E) The battery is being discharged. Ans: B 1 B 2 B 3 B 4 V Four identical light bulbs are connected to a power supply as shown. Which light bulb consumes the most power? A) B 1 B) B 2 C) B 3 D) B 4 E) They all consume the same amount of power.

16 Section: 25 4 Topic: Combinations of Resistors Type: Conceptual 41. B 1 B 2 B 3 B 4 V Four identical light bulbs are connected to a power supply as shown. Which light bulb consumes the most power? A) B 1 B) B 2 C) B 3 D) B 4 E) B 2, B 3, and B 4 Ans: A 42. If two elements of a circuit are in parallel, they must have the same A) charge. B) potential difference across them. C) resistance. D) potential difference across them and the same charge. E) current. Ans: B

17 43. The circuit in which the voltmeter and the ammeter are correctly arranged to determine the value of the unknown resistance R is A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 4 E) 5 Ans: C 44. A battery is connected to a series combination of a switch, a resistor, and an initially uncharged capacitor. The switch is closed at t = 0. Which of the following statements is true? A) As the charge on the capacitor increases, the current increases. B) As the charge on the capacitor increases, the voltage drop across the resistor increases. C) As the charge on the capacitor increases, the current remains constant. D) As the charge on the capacitor increases, the voltage drop across the capacitor decreases. E) As the charge on the capacitor increases, the voltage drop across the resistor decreases.

18 45. Capacitors C 1 and C 2 are connected in series to the battery as shown. When you close switch S, a momentary current is indicated by A) ammeter A 1 only. D) ammeter A 1 and A 3 only. B) ammeter A 2 only. E) all of the ammeters. C) ammeter A 3 only. 46. The curve that best represents the charge on the capacitor in a charging RC circuit as a function of time is A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 4 E) 5 Use the diagram for the next two problems:

19 a S bulb V b C Section: 25 6 Topic: RC Circuits Type: Conceptual 47. The switch S is initially at position a for a long time. It is then switched to position b. Describe what happens to the light bulb as a function of time when the switch is flipped from a to b? A) The light bulb was on but goes off immediately. B) The light bulb was off and stays off. C) The light bulb was on but its brightness decreases with time and eventually goes off. D) The light bulb was on and stays on. E) The light bulb was off. It then lights up but the brightness decreases with time and eventually goes off. Section: 25 6 Topic: RC Circuits Type: Conceptual 48. The switch S is initially at position b for a long time. It is then switched to position a. Describe what happens to the light bulb as a function of time when the switch is flipped from b to a? A) The light bulb was on but goes off immediately. B) The light bulb was off and stays off. C) The light bulb was on but its brightness decreases with time and eventually goes off. D) The light bulb was on and stays on. E) The light bulb was off. It then lights up but the brightness decreases with time and eventually goes off.

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