1 1.1 Coulomb s law a) State Coulomb s law, Chapter 1: Electrostatics b) Sketch the electric force diagram and apply Coulomb s law for a system of point charges. 1.2 Electric field a) Define and use electric field strength, b) Use for point charge c) Sketch the electric field strength diagram and determine electric field strength E for a system of charges.
2 1.3 Electric Potential a) Define electric potential b) Define and sketch equipotential lines and surfaces of i. An isolated charge ii. A uniform electric field c) Use for a point charge and a system of charges. d) Calculate potential difference between two points
3 1.3 Electric potential e) Deduce the change in potential energy, between two points in electric field f) Calculate potential energy of a system of point charges. ( ) 1.4 Charge in a uniform electric field a) Explain quantitatively with the aid of a diagram the motion of a charge in a uniform electric field. b) Use for uniform E
4 Name: Class: Chapter 2: Capacitor and Dielectrics 2.1 Capacitance and capacitors in series and parallel a) Define capacitance and use capacitance (Notes, equations, examples, etc) b) Derive and determine the effective capacitance of capacitors in series and parallel. c) Derive and use energy stored in a capacitor 2.2 Charging and discharging of capacitors a) Define and use time constant, b) Sketch and explain the characteristics of Q-t and I-t graph for charging and discharging of a capacitor
5 At the end of this lesson, students should be able to: 2.2 Charging and discharging capacitor c) Use i) for discharging ii) charging (Notes, equations, examples, etc) 2.3 Capacitors with dielectrics a) Calculate capacitance of airfilled parallel plate capacitor b) Define and use dielectric constant, c) Describe the effect of dielectric on a parallel plate capacitor. d) Use capacitance with dielectric,.
6 Name: Class: Chapter 3: Electric Current and Direct-Current Circuits 3.1 Electrical Conduction a) Describe microscopic model of current. (Notes, equations, examples, etc) b) Define and use electric current 3.2 Ohm s law and Resistivity a) State and use Ohm s law. b) Define and use resistivity, 3.3 Variation of resistance with temperature. a) Explain the effect of temperature on electrical resistance in metals. b) Use resistance
7 3.4 Electromagnetic force (emf), internal resistance and potential difference a) Define emf, of a battery (Notes, equations, examples, etc) b) Explain the relationship between emf of a battery and potential difference across the battery terminals. c) Use terminal voltage, 3.5 Electrical energy and power a) Use i) Power, ii) Electrical energy 3.6 Resistors in series and parallel a) Derive and determine effective resistance of resistors in series and parallel 3.7 Kirchhoff s Laws a) State and use Kirchhoff s Laws. 3.8 Potential divider a) Explain the principle of a potential divider b) Use equation of potential divider ( ) 3.9 Potentiometer and Wheatstone Bridge a) Explain principles of potentiometer and Wheatstone Bridge and their application b) Use related equation for Potentometer Wheatstone Bridge and for
8 Chapter 4: Magnetic Field (Notes, equations, examples, etc) 4.1 Magnetic Field a) Define magnetic field b) Identify magnetic field source and sketch their magnetic field lines. 4.2 Magnetic field produce by current carrying conductor a) Use magnetic field: i. For a long straight wire: ii. At the centre of a circular coil: iii. At the centre of a solenoid: iv. At the end of the solenoid:
9 (Notes, equations, examples, etc) 4.3 Force on moving charge particle in a uniform magnetic field a) Use magnetic force, b) Describe circular motion of a charge in a uniform magnetic field c) Use relationship 4.4 Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field a) Use magnetic force, 4.5 Forces between two parallel currentcarrying conductors a) Derive force per unit length of two parallel current-carrying conductors. b) Use force per unit length, c) Define one ampere.
10 (Notes, equations, examples, etc) 4.6 Torque on a coil a) Use torque, where N= number of turns b) Explain the working principles of a moving coil galvanometer 4.7 Motion of charge particle in magnetic field and electric field a) Explain the motion of charge particle in both magnetic field and electric field. b) Derive and use velocity, in a velocity selector.
11 Chapter 5: Electromagnetic Induction 5.1 Magnetic flux a) Define and use magnetic flux: (Notes, equations, examples, etc) 5.2 Induced emf a) Use Faraday s experiment to explain induced emf b) State Faraday s law and use Lenz s law to determine the direction of induced current. c) Apply induced emf, d) Derive and use induced emf: i. In straight conductor ii. In coil iii. In rotating coil
12 (Notes, equations, examples, etc) 5.3 Self-Inductance a) Define self-inductance. b) Apply self- inductance for a coil and solenoid 5.4 Energy stored in inductor a) Derive and use the energy stored in an inductor 5.5 Mutual inductance a) Define mutual inductance b) Use mutual inductance of two coaxial coils
13 Chapter 6: Alternating Current 6.1 Alternating current a) Define alternating current (AC) b) Sketch and interpret sinusoidal AC waveform c) Use sinusoidal voltage and current equations: 6.2 Root mean square (rms) a) Define root mean square (rms) current and voltage for AC source. b) Use: 6.3 Resistance, reactance and impedance a) Sketch and use phasor diagram and sinusoidal waveform to show the phase relationship between current and voltage for a single component circuit consisting of: i. Pure resistor ii. Pure capacitor iii. Pure inductor
14 6.3 Resistance, reactance and impedance b) Use phasor diagram to analyze voltage, current, and impedance of series circuit of: i) RL ii) RC iii) RLC c) Define and use: i. Capacitive reactance: ii. Inductive reactance: iii. Impedance: iv. Phase angle d) Explain graphically the dependence of R, X C,X L and Z on f and relate it to resonance
15 6.4 Power and power factor a) Apply: i. Average power ii. Instantaneous power iii. Power factor, In AC circuit consisting of R, RC, RL and RLC in series.
16 Chapter 7: Geometrical Optics 7.1 Reflection at a spherical surface a) State laws if reflection. b) Sketch and use ray diagrams to determine characteristics of image formed by spherical mirrors c) Use: For real object only 7.2 Refraction at a plane and spherical surfaces: a) State and use the laws of refraction (Snell s Law) for layers of materials with different densities. b) Use: For spherical surfaces
17 7.3 Thin lenses a) Sketch and use ray diagrams to determine the characteristics of image formed by concave and convex lenses. b) Use thin lens equation, For real object only c) Use lens maker s equation, d) ( ) ( ) e) Use the thin lens formula for a combination of two convex lenses
18 Chapter 8: Physical Optics 8.1 Huygens principle a) State Huygens principle b) Sketch and explain the wave front of light after passing through a single slit and obstacle using Huygens principle. 8.2 Constructive interference and destructive interference a) Define coherence. b) State the conditions for interference of light. c) State the conditions of constructive and destructive interference. 8.3 Interference of transmitted light through double slits a) Use i. For a bright fringes (maxima) ii. For dark fringes (minima) ( ) Where
19 8.3 Interference of transmitted light through double slits b) Use and explain the effect of changing any of the variable 8.4 Interference of reflected light in thin films a) Identify the occurrence of phase change upon reflection. b) Explain with the aid of diagram the interference of light in thin films at normal incidence c) Use the following equations: i. For reflected light with no phase difference: Constructive interference (or reflective coating Destructive interference (or anti-reflective coating) ii. For reflected light of phase different rad: Constructive interference Destructive interference Where
20 8.5 Interference of reflected light in air wedge and Newton s rings a) Explain with the aid of diagram the interference in air wedge. b) Use for air wedge i. For bright fringes (maxima) ( ) ii. For dark fringes (minima) Where c) Use diagram to explain qualitatively the formation of Newton s rings and the centre dark spot
21 8.6 Diffraction by a single slit a) Define diffraction b) Explain with the aid of a diagram the diffraction of a single slit c) Use: i. For dark fringes (minima) ii. ( ) For bright fringes (maxima), Where 8.7 Diffraction grating a) Explain with aid of a diagram the formation of diffraction. b) Apply where.
22 Chapter 9: Quantization of Light 9.1 Planck s Quantum Theory a) Distinguish between Planck s quantum theory and classical theory of energy. b) Use Einstein s formulae for a photon energy, 9.2 The Photoelectric Effect a) Explain the phenomenon of photoelectric effect. b) Describe and sketch diagram of the photoelectric effect experimental set up c) Define and determine threshold frequency, work function and stopping potential.
23 9.2 The Photoelectric Effect d) Explain by using graph and equations the observations of photoelectric effect experiment in terms of the dependence of: i. Kinetic energy of photoelectron in the frequency of light; ii. Photoelectric current on intensity of incident light; iii. Work function and threshold frequency in the types of metal surface; e) Explain the failure of classical theory to justify the photoelectric effect f) Use Einstein s photoelectric equation,
24 Chapter 10: Wave Properties of Particles 10.1 The de Broglie wavelength a) State wave-particle duality. b) Use de Broglie wavelength, 10.2 Electron diffraction a) Describe the observation of electron diffraction in Davisson-Germer experiment. b) Explain the wave behaviour of electron in an electron microscope c) State the advantages of electron microscope compared to optical microscope
25 Chapter 11: Nucleus 11.1 Properties of nucleus a) State the properties of proton and neutron. b) Define i. Proton number, Z ii. Nucleon number, A iii. Neutron number, N iv. Isotopes c) Use to represent a nuclide 11.2 Binding energy and mass defect a) Define and determine mass defect ( ) b) Define and determine binding energy, and binding energy per nucleon c) Describe graph of binding energy per nucleon against nucleon number
26 Chapter 12: Nuclear Reaction 12.1 Nuclear reaction a) State the conservation of charge (Z) and nucleon number (A) in a nuclear reaction b) Write and complete the equation of nuclear reaction. c) Calculate the energy released in nuclear reaction Nuclear fission and fusion a) Explain the occurrence of fission and fusion using the graph of binding energy per nucleon. b) Distinguish the processes of nuclear fission and fusion c) Explain the chain reaction in nuclear fission of a nuclear reactor d) Describe the process of nuclear fusion in the sun
27 13.1 Radioactive decay a) Explain and decays. Chapter 13: Radioactivity b) State decay law and use c) Define and determine activity, and decay constant,. d) Derive and use or e) Define and use half- life, 13.2 Radioisotopes as tracers a) Explain the application of radioisotopes as tracers.