Math 426: Probability Final Exam Practice


 Brice Adams
 3 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 Mth 46: Probbility Finl Exm Prctice. Computtionl problems 4. Let T k (n) denote the number of prtitions of the set {,..., n} into k nonempty subsets, where k n. Argue tht T k (n) kt k (n ) + T k (n ) by considering the prtitions in which {} is subset, nd those in which is n element of subset (tht contins other elements). Solution. Every prtition of {,..., n} into k nonempty subsets deposits the element into some subset I; this subset is either singleton (i.e. I {}) or not (i.e. I \ {} ). Let us denote the prtitions in which the former occurs by I nd those prtitions in which the ltter occurs by J. Ech prtition in I consists of k nonempty subsets of the n element set {,..., n}, of which there re exctly T k (n ) possibilities. Likewise, ech of the T k (n ) prtitions of {,..., n} into k nonempty subsets determines prtition in I. Therefore, I T k (n ). On the other hnd, for ech prtition in J, we my throw out nd obtin prtition of {,..., n} into k nonempty subsets. (Note tht, fter throwing out, ech of the remining subsets is nonempty becuse we ve ssumed tht I contins elements other thn ). This defines mp from J to the set of prtitions of {,..., n} into k nonempty subsets, but for every prtition in the imge there re exctly k prtitions in J in its preimge: this is becuse to go bckwrds we need to dd to one of the k subsets in the prtition of {,..., n}. It follows tht J is equl to kt k (n ). Finlly, since every prtition of {,..., n} is in either I or J, we hve T k (n) I + J T k (n ) + kt k (n ). 5. Ten white blls nd ten blck blls re to be divided up into two urns. How cn this plcement be done so s to mximize the probbility of drwing white bll if n urn is selected t rndom, nd bll is drwn t rndom from it? Solution. Suppose we divide the blls so tht there re k blls in Urn nd k in Urn, for < k <. Such division is determined by how mny whites go in Urn ; let s cll this quntity x. Now the probbility of choosing white in the selection process is given by P (W ) P (W Urn chosen)p (Urn chosen) + P (W Urn chosen)p (Urn chosen) x k + x k ( x k + x ) k x( k) + k( x) x kx + k x kx + 5k k( k) k( k) k( k) Let us mximize P (W ) if we fix the choice of k blls in Urn. Evidently, this mens we wnt to mximize the numertor ( k)x + 5k (s function of x). If the coefficient of x is positive (i.e. k > ) this is mximized for x s lrge s possible, i.e. x k. On the other hnd, if the coefficient of x is nonpositive (i.e. k ), this is mximized when x is s smll s possible, i.e. x. In the former cse (when k > ), we get P (W ) k k + 5k k( k) 5k k k( k) 5 k k,
2 while in the ltter (when k ) we obtin P (W ) 5k k( k) 5 k. When k >, we hve 5 k > 5, so it follows tht (5 k)/( k) > 5/( k). This mens tht to mximize P (W ) we must choose k <. Now, in order to mximize P (W ) we should choose k tht mximizes (5 k)/( k). The derivtive of the ltter is ( 5 k k ) ( )( k) ( )(5 k) ( k) + 5 ( k) <, so this function of k is decresing for ll k. Tht mens tht it will be mximized when k is s smll s possible, i.e. k, in which cse P (W ) 4/9. Finlly, note tht we ve mnged to mximize P (W ) mong vlues of k in {,..., }. The finl boundry cse, in which ll the blls go in one urn, gives probbility P (W ) + /4 < 4/9, so our best scenrio is to put one white bll in one of the urns, nd the reminder in the other urn. 7. Suppose tht X tkes on the vlues,, nd. If for some constnt c we hve P (X i) cp (X i ) for i,, find E[X] (s function of c). Solution. Let P (X ) p. By ssumption, P (X ) cp, nd P (X ) cp (X ) c p. Becuse P (S), we hve P (X ) + P (X ) + P (X ) p + cp + c p p ( + c + c ), so tht p /( + c + c ). Now E[X] + P (X ) + P (X ) cp + c p p (c + c ) c + c + c + c. 9. An urn hs n white nd m blck blls. Blls re drwn, without replcement, until totl of k white blls hve been withdrwn (for k n). If X denotes the number of blls tht hve been drwn in this process, find P (X r). Solution. In order to compute P (X r) we rephrse the experiment s follows: first drw r blls, nd then drw the lst. The event tht X r is the sme s the event tht the first drw of r blls contined k white blls, nd tht the lst drw ws then white. This is then the sme s the number of wys of choosing k white blls (from n), (r ) (k ) r k blck blls (from m), nd then lst white bll (from the remining n (k )), for which there re evidently ( ) ( ) n m (n k + ) k r k possibilities. On the other hnd, the totl number of outcomes of this experiment is given by the product of the number of wys of first choosing r blls from the m+n, nd then lst one from the remining m + n (r ), so tht there re totl of ( ) m + n (m + n r + ) r
3 possible outcomes. Since ll outcomes re eqully likely, the probbility we seek is ( n )( m k P (X r) r k) (n k + ) ). (m + n r + ) ( m+n r. A continuous rndom vrible X is stndrd Cuchy if it hs density function f(x) π( + x ). Show tht if X is stndrd Cuchy then /X is stndrd Cuchy. Solution. Let Y /X. Since P (Y ) P (X /) P (X < /), the cumultive distribution function of Y is given by / F Y () F X (/) π + x dx ( tn x ) / ( ( ) tn π π ( ) π tn ( ) π tn. ( π ) ) It follows tht we cn compute the probbility density function of Y by derivting: f Y () d d (F Y ()) π + ( ) ( ) π +, so tht Y is lso stndrd Cuchy. 6. Suppose tht Z is the stndrd norml rndom vrible, I is Bernoulli rndom vrible with prmeter /3 (independent of Z), nd Y is rndom vrible given by { Z(ω) if I(ω) Y (ω) Z(ω) if I(ω) for ny outcome ω. () Are Z nd Y independent? (b) Are Y nd I independent? Solution. For prt (), let A [, ] nd B [, ]. Consider the event {Z [, ], Y [, 3]}. Since we must hve either Y (ω) Z(ω) or Y (ω) Z(ω) for every outcome ω S, the event {Z [, ], Y [, 3]} never occurs, so tht P (Z [, ], Y [, 3]). On the other hnd, consider ech of P (Z [, ]) nd P (Y [, ]). Since Z is stndrd norml, P (Z [, ]) >. By conditioning on I, we find s well P (Y [, ]) P (Y [, ] I ) P (I ) + P (Y [, ] I ) P (I ) P (Z [, ]) + P (Z [, ]) 3 3 >. This mens we hve P (Z [, ], Y [, 3]) P (Z [, ])P (Y [, 3]), so Y nd Z re not independent. 3
4 For prt (b), Y nd I re independent: if B contins both nd, then the event {Y A, I B} is the sme s the event {Y A}, nd P (Y A, I B) P (Y A) P (Y A) P (I B). If B contins neither, then evidently P (Y A, I B) P (Y A) P (I B). Now consider the event tht B contins nd not. Note tht the event {Y A, I B} is the sme s the event {Z A, I B}, since I(ω) B implies tht I(ω), so tht Y (ω) A if nd only if Z(ω) A. Thus we hve P (Y A, I B) P (Z A, I B) P (Z A) P (I B) P (Z A) 3, where we hve used the fct tht Z nd I re independent. Moreover, we my compute P (Y A) P (Y A I ) P (I ) + P (Y A I ) P (I ) P ( Z A) + P (Z A) 3 3. But becuse Z is stndrd norml, P (Z A) P ( Z A), so we conclude tht P (Y A) P (Z A). Going bck, this mens tht P (Y A, I B) P (Y A) P (I B). The sme exct considertions pply to the cse tht B contins nd not, so we conclude tht Y nd I re independent. 7. Suppose tht X nd Y re jointly continuous with joint density function c < x <, < y < x f(x, y) otherwise. for some vlue >. () Find c. (b) Find E[X]. (c) Find E[Y ]. (d) Find cov(x, Y ). Solution. For prt (), since the probbility of the whole smple spce is, we hve x x P (S) f(x, y) dx dy c dy dx c dy dx. This lst integrl is just the re of the region being integrted over, nd it s not hrd to see tht the region described by < x < nd < y < x is tringle (which is bounded by the xxis, the verticl line x, nd the line y x). This is right tringle with bse nd height, so its re is /. Since c(/), we conclude tht c /. For prts (b) nd (c), we first compute the mrginl densities: for x [, ] nd y [, ] we hve f X (x) f Y (y) f(x, y) dy f(x, y) dx x y/ dy (x ) x, nd dx Of course, f X (x) if x / [, ] nd f Y (y) if y / [, ]. 4 ( y ) ( y).
5 Now we my compute the expected vlues: E[X] xf X (x) dx x dx x3 3 3, nd y( y) E[Y ] yf Y (y) dy dy ( y y3 ) For prt (d), we hve cov(x, Y ) E[XY ] E[X]E[Y ], so we need to compute E[XY ]. x E[XY ] xyf(x, y) dx dy xy dy dx ( y x) x dx ( x x dx ) x Thus cov(x, Y ) 4 3 ( 3 4 ) /
We partition C into n small arcs by forming a partition of [a, b] by picking s i as follows: a = s 0 < s 1 < < s n = b.
Mth 255  Vector lculus II Notes 4.2 Pth nd Line Integrls We begin with discussion of pth integrls (the book clls them sclr line integrls). We will do this for function of two vribles, but these ides cn
More informationLecture 3. Limits of Functions and Continuity
Lecture 3 Limits of Functions nd Continuity Audrey Terrs April 26, 21 1 Limits of Functions Notes I m skipping the lst section of Chpter 6 of Lng; the section bout open nd closed sets We cn probbly live
More informationMath Solutions to homework 1
Mth 75  Solutions to homework Cédric De Groote October 5, 07 Problem, prt : This problem explores the reltionship between norms nd inner products Let X be rel vector spce ) Suppose tht is norm on X tht
More informationChapter 0. What is the Lebesgue integral about?
Chpter 0. Wht is the Lebesgue integrl bout? The pln is to hve tutoril sheet ech week, most often on Fridy, (to be done during the clss) where you will try to get used to the ides introduced in the previous
More informationProperties of Integrals, Indefinite Integrals. Goals: Definition of the Definite Integral Integral Calculations using Antiderivatives
Block #6: Properties of Integrls, Indefinite Integrls Gols: Definition of the Definite Integrl Integrl Clcultions using Antiderivtives Properties of Integrls The Indefinite Integrl 1 Riemnn Sums  1 Riemnn
More informationMath 135, Spring 2012: HW 7
Mth 3, Spring : HW 7 Problem (p. 34 #). SOLUTION. Let N the number of risins per cookie. If N is Poisson rndom vrible with prmeter λ, then nd for this to be t lest.99, we need P (N ) P (N ) ep( λ) λ ln(.)
More informationMath 1B, lecture 4: Error bounds for numerical methods
Mth B, lecture 4: Error bounds for numericl methods Nthn Pflueger 4 September 0 Introduction The five numericl methods descried in the previous lecture ll operte by the sme principle: they pproximte the
More informationSolution for Assignment 1 : Intro to Probability and Statistics, PAC learning
Solution for Assignment 1 : Intro to Probbility nd Sttistics, PAC lerning 10701/15781: Mchine Lerning (Fll 004) Due: Sept. 30th 004, Thursdy, Strt of clss Question 1. Bsic Probbility ( 18 pts) 1.1 (
More informationMath 8 Winter 2015 Applications of Integration
Mth 8 Winter 205 Applictions of Integrtion Here re few importnt pplictions of integrtion. The pplictions you my see on n exm in this course include only the Net Chnge Theorem (which is relly just the Fundmentl
More information4.4 Areas, Integrals and Antiderivatives
. res, integrls nd ntiderivtives 333. Ares, Integrls nd Antiderivtives This section explores properties of functions defined s res nd exmines some connections mong res, integrls nd ntiderivtives. In order
More informationpadic Egyptian Fractions
padic Egyptin Frctions Contents 1 Introduction 1 2 Trditionl Egyptin Frctions nd Greedy Algorithm 2 3 Setup 3 4 pgreedy Algorithm 5 5 pegyptin Trditionl 10 6 Conclusion 1 Introduction An Egyptin frction
More information4402 Geometry/Topology: Differentiable Manifolds Northwestern University Solutions of Practice Problems for Final Exam
4402 Geometry/Topology: Differentible Mnifolds Northwestern University Solutions of Prctice Problems for Finl Exm 1) Using the cnonicl covering of RP n by {U α } 0 α n, where U α = {[x 0 : : x n ] RP
More informationNote 16. Stokes theorem Differential Geometry, 2005
Note 16. Stokes theorem ifferentil Geometry, 2005 Stokes theorem is the centrl result in the theory of integrtion on mnifolds. It gives the reltion between exterior differentition (see Note 14) nd integrtion
More informationUNIFORM CONVERGENCE. Contents 1. Uniform Convergence 1 2. Properties of uniform convergence 3
UNIFORM CONVERGENCE Contents 1. Uniform Convergence 1 2. Properties of uniform convergence 3 Suppose f n : Ω R or f n : Ω C is sequence of rel or complex functions, nd f n f s n in some sense. Furthermore,
More informationThe Regulated and Riemann Integrals
Chpter 1 The Regulted nd Riemnn Integrls 1.1 Introduction We will consider severl different pproches to defining the definite integrl f(x) dx of function f(x). These definitions will ll ssign the sme vlue
More information1 Probability Density Functions
Lis Yn CS 9 Continuous Distributions Lecture Notes #9 July 6, 28 Bsed on chpter by Chris Piech So fr, ll rndom vribles we hve seen hve been discrete. In ll the cses we hve seen in CS 9, this ment tht our
More informationSOLUTIONS FOR ANALYSIS QUALIFYING EXAM, FALL (1 + µ(f n )) f(x) =. But we don t need the exact bound.) Set
SOLUTIONS FOR ANALYSIS QUALIFYING EXAM, FALL 28 Nottion: N {, 2, 3,...}. (Tht is, N.. Let (X, M be mesurble spce with σfinite positive mesure µ. Prove tht there is finite positive mesure ν on (X, M such
More informationContinuous Random Variables
STAT/MATH 395 A  PROBABILITY II UW Winter Qurter 217 Néhémy Lim Continuous Rndom Vribles Nottion. The indictor function of set S is relvlued function defined by : { 1 if x S 1 S (x) if x S Suppose tht
More informationProperties of the Riemann Integral
Properties of the Riemnn Integrl Jmes K. Peterson Deprtment of Biologicl Sciences nd Deprtment of Mthemticl Sciences Clemson University Februry 15, 2018 Outline 1 Some Infimum nd Supremum Properties 2
More informationAPPLICATIONS OF THE DEFINITE INTEGRAL
APPLICATIONS OF THE DEFINITE INTEGRAL. Volume: Slicing, disks nd wshers.. Volumes by Slicing. Suppose solid object hs boundries extending from x =, to x = b, nd tht its crosssection in plne pssing through
More information7  Continuous random variables
71 Continuous rndom vribles S. Lll, Stnford 2011.01.25.01 7  Continuous rndom vribles Continuous rndom vribles The cumultive distribution function The uniform rndom vrible Gussin rndom vribles The Gussin
More informationProblem Set 4: Solutions Math 201A: Fall 2016
Problem Set 4: s Mth 20A: Fll 206 Problem. Let f : X Y be onetoone, onto mp between metric spces X, Y. () If f is continuous nd X is compct, prove tht f is homeomorphism. Does this result remin true
More informationProblem Set 9. Figure 1: Diagram. This picture is a rough sketch of the 4 parabolas that give us the area that we need to find. The equations are:
(x + y ) = y + (x + y ) = x + Problem Set 9 Discussion: Nov., Nov. 8, Nov. (on probbility nd binomil coefficients) The nme fter the problem is the designted writer of the solution of tht problem. (No one
More informationWe know that if f is a continuous nonnegative function on the interval [a, b], then b
1 Ares Between Curves c 22 Donld Kreider nd Dwight Lhr We know tht if f is continuous nonnegtive function on the intervl [, b], then f(x) dx is the re under the grph of f nd bove the intervl. We re going
More informationCS667 Lecture 6: Monte Carlo Integration 02/10/05
CS667 Lecture 6: Monte Crlo Integrtion 02/10/05 Venkt Krishnrj Lecturer: Steve Mrschner 1 Ide The min ide of Monte Crlo Integrtion is tht we cn estimte the vlue of n integrl by looking t lrge number of
More information1 The Riemann Integral
The Riemnn Integrl. An exmple leding to the notion of integrl (res) We know how to find (i.e. define) the re of rectngle (bse height), tringle ( (sum of res of tringles). But how do we find/define n re
More informationMAA 4212 Improper Integrals
Notes by Dvid Groisser, Copyright c 1995; revised 2002, 2009, 2014 MAA 4212 Improper Integrls The Riemnn integrl, while perfectly welldefined, is too restrictive for mny purposes; there re functions which
More informationThe First Fundamental Theorem of Calculus. If f(x) is continuous on [a, b] and F (x) is any antiderivative. f(x) dx = F (b) F (a).
The Fundmentl Theorems of Clculus Mth 4, Section 0, Spring 009 We now know enough bout definite integrls to give precise formultions of the Fundmentl Theorems of Clculus. We will lso look t some bsic emples
More informationAnonymous Math 361: Homework 5. x i = 1 (1 u i )
Anonymous Mth 36: Homewor 5 Rudin. Let I be the set of ll u (u,..., u ) R with u i for ll i; let Q be the set of ll x (x,..., x ) R with x i, x i. (I is the unit cube; Q is the stndrd simplex in R ). Define
More information3.4 Numerical integration
3.4. Numericl integrtion 63 3.4 Numericl integrtion In mny economic pplictions it is necessry to compute the definite integrl of relvlued function f with respect to "weight" function w over n intervl [,
More informationS. S. Dragomir. 2, we have the inequality. b a
Bull Koren Mth Soc 005 No pp 3 30 SOME COMPANIONS OF OSTROWSKI S INEQUALITY FOR ABSOLUTELY CONTINUOUS FUNCTIONS AND APPLICATIONS S S Drgomir Abstrct Compnions of Ostrowski s integrl ineulity for bsolutely
More information1. On some properties of definite integrals. We prove
This short collection of notes is intended to complement the textbook Anlisi Mtemtic 2 by Crl Mdern, published by Città Studi Editore, [M]. We refer to [M] for nottion nd the logicl stremline of the rguments.
More informationChapter 5 : Continuous Random Variables
STAT/MATH 395 A  PROBABILITY II UW Winter Qurter 216 Néhémy Lim Chpter 5 : Continuous Rndom Vribles Nottions. N {, 1, 2,...}, set of nturl numbers (i.e. ll nonnegtive integers); N {1, 2,...}, set of ll
More informationReversing the Chain Rule. As we have seen from the Second Fundamental Theorem ( 4.3), the easiest way to evaluate an integral b
Mth 32 Substitution Method Stewrt 4.5 Reversing the Chin Rule. As we hve seen from the Second Fundmentl Theorem ( 4.3), the esiest wy to evlute n integrl b f(x) dx is to find n ntiderivtive, the indefinite
More informationMath 113 Exam 1Review
Mth 113 Exm 1Review September 26, 2016 Exm 1 covers 6.17.3 in the textbook. It is dvisble to lso review the mteril from 5.3 nd 5.5 s this will be helpful in solving some of the problems. 6.1 Are Between
More informationThe Wave Equation I. MA 436 Kurt Bryan
1 Introduction The Wve Eqution I MA 436 Kurt Bryn Consider string stretching long the x xis, of indeterminte (or even infinite!) length. We wnt to derive n eqution which models the motion of the string
More informationA REVIEW OF CALCULUS CONCEPTS FOR JDEP 384H. Thomas Shores Department of Mathematics University of Nebraska Spring 2007
A REVIEW OF CALCULUS CONCEPTS FOR JDEP 384H Thoms Shores Deprtment of Mthemtics University of Nebrsk Spring 2007 Contents Rtes of Chnge nd Derivtives 1 Dierentils 4 Are nd Integrls 5 Multivrite Clculus
More informationSection 6: Area, Volume, and Average Value
Chpter The Integrl Applied Clculus Section 6: Are, Volume, nd Averge Vlue Are We hve lredy used integrls to find the re etween the grph of function nd the horizontl xis. Integrls cn lso e used to find
More informationCALCULUS WITHOUT LIMITS
CALCULUS WITHOUT LIMITS The current stndrd for the clculus curriculum is, in my opinion, filure in mny spects. We try to present it with the modern stndrd of mthemticl rigor nd comprehensiveness but of
More informationMath 120 Answers for Homework 13
Mth 12 Answers for Homework 13 1. In this problem we will use the fct tht if m f(x M on n intervl [, b] (nd if f is integrble on [, b] then (* m(b f dx M(b. ( The function f(x = 1 + x 3 is n incresing
More informationReview of Calculus, cont d
Jim Lmbers MAT 460 Fll Semester 200910 Lecture 3 Notes These notes correspond to Section 1.1 in the text. Review of Clculus, cont d Riemnn Sums nd the Definite Integrl There re mny cses in which some
More informationTutorial 4. b a. h(f) = a b a ln 1. b a dx = ln(b a) nats = log(b a) bits. = ln λ + 1 nats. = log e λ bits. = ln 1 2 ln λ + 1. nats. = ln 2e. bits.
Tutoril 4 Exercises on Differentil Entropy. Evlute the differentil entropy h(x) f ln f for the following: () The uniform distribution, f(x) b. (b) The exponentil density, f(x) λe λx, x 0. (c) The Lplce
More informationTheoretical foundations of Gaussian quadrature
Theoreticl foundtions of Gussin qudrture 1 Inner product vector spce Definition 1. A vector spce (or liner spce) is set V = {u, v, w,...} in which the following two opertions re defined: (A) Addition of
More informationImproper Integrals, and Differential Equations
Improper Integrls, nd Differentil Equtions October 22, 204 5.3 Improper Integrls Previously, we discussed how integrls correspond to res. More specificlly, we sid tht for function f(x), the region creted
More informationn f(x i ) x. i=1 In section 4.2, we defined the definite integral of f from x = a to x = b as n f(x i ) x; f(x) dx = lim i=1
The Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus As we continue to study the re problem, let s think bck to wht we know bout computing res of regions enclosed by curves. If we wnt to find the re of the region below the
More informationMath 61CM  Solutions to homework 9
Mth 61CM  Solutions to homework 9 Cédric De Groote November 30 th, 2018 Problem 1: Recll tht the left limit of function f t point c is defined s follows: lim f(x) = l x c if for ny > 0 there exists δ
More informationCS 109 Lecture 11 April 20th, 2016
CS 09 Lecture April 0th, 06 Four Prototypicl Trjectories Review The Norml Distribution is Norml Rndom Vrible: ~ Nµ, σ Probbility Density Function PDF: f x e σ π E[ ] µ Vr σ x µ / σ Also clled Gussin Note:
More informationLecture 1. Functional series. Pointwise and uniform convergence.
1 Introduction. Lecture 1. Functionl series. Pointwise nd uniform convergence. In this course we study mongst other things Fourier series. The Fourier series for periodic function f(x) with period 2π is
More informationSpace Curves. Recall the parametric equations of a curve in xyplane and compare them with parametric equations of a curve in space.
Clculus 3 Li Vs Spce Curves Recll the prmetric equtions of curve in xyplne nd compre them with prmetric equtions of curve in spce. Prmetric curve in plne x = x(t) y = y(t) Prmetric curve in spce x = x(t)
More informationSOLUTIONS FOR ADMISSIONS TEST IN MATHEMATICS, COMPUTER SCIENCE AND JOINT SCHOOLS WEDNESDAY 5 NOVEMBER 2014
SOLUTIONS FOR ADMISSIONS TEST IN MATHEMATICS, COMPUTER SCIENCE AND JOINT SCHOOLS WEDNESDAY 5 NOVEMBER 014 Mrk Scheme: Ech prt of Question 1 is worth four mrks which re wrded solely for the correct nswer.
More informationII. Integration and Cauchy s Theorem
MTH6111 Complex Anlysis 200910 Lecture Notes c Shun Bullett QMUL 2009 II. Integrtion nd Cuchy s Theorem 1. Pths nd integrtion Wrning Different uthors hve different definitions for terms like pth nd curve.
More informationSummary: Method of Separation of Variables
Physics 246 Electricity nd Mgnetism I, Fll 26, Lecture 22 1 Summry: Method of Seprtion of Vribles 1. Seprtion of Vribles in Crtesin Coordintes 2. Fourier Series Suggested Reding: Griffiths: Chpter 3, Section
More informationMath 113 Exam 2 Practice
Mth 3 Exm Prctice Februry 8, 03 Exm will cover 7.4, 7.5, 7.7, 7.8, 8.3 nd 8.5. Plese note tht integrtion skills lerned in erlier sections will still be needed for the mteril in 7.5, 7.8 nd chpter 8. This
More informationMath 32B Discussion Session Session 7 Notes August 28, 2018
Mth 32B iscussion ession ession 7 Notes August 28, 28 In tody s discussion we ll tlk bout surfce integrls both of sclr functions nd of vector fields nd we ll try to relte these to the mny other integrls
More informationMath 360: A primitive integral and elementary functions
Mth 360: A primitive integrl nd elementry functions D. DeTurck University of Pennsylvni October 16, 2017 D. DeTurck Mth 360 001 2017C: Integrl/functions 1 / 32 Setup for the integrl prtitions Definition:
More informationLine Integrals. Partitioning the Curve. Estimating the Mass
Line Integrls Suppose we hve curve in the xy plne nd ssocite density δ(p ) = δ(x, y) t ech point on the curve. urves, of course, do not hve density or mss, but it my sometimes be convenient or useful to
More informationLecture 21: Order statistics
Lecture : Order sttistics Suppose we hve N mesurements of sclr, x i =, N Tke ll mesurements nd sort them into scending order x x x 3 x N Define the mesured running integrl S N (x) = 0 for x < x = i/n for
More informationHeat flux and total heat
Het flux nd totl het John McCun Mrch 14, 2017 1 Introduction Yesterdy (if I remember correctly) Ms. Prsd sked me question bout the condition of insulted boundry for the 1D het eqution, nd (bsed on glnce
More informationODE: Existence and Uniqueness of a Solution
Mth 22 Fll 213 Jerry Kzdn ODE: Existence nd Uniqueness of Solution The Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus tells us how to solve the ordinry differentil eqution (ODE) du = f(t) dt with initil condition u() =
More informationS. S. Dragomir. 1. Introduction. In [1], Guessab and Schmeisser have proved among others, the following companion of Ostrowski s inequality:
FACTA UNIVERSITATIS NIŠ) Ser Mth Inform 9 00) 6 SOME COMPANIONS OF OSTROWSKI S INEQUALITY FOR ABSOLUTELY CONTINUOUS FUNCTIONS AND APPLICATIONS S S Drgomir Dedicted to Prof G Mstroinni for his 65th birthdy
More informationNumerical integration
2 Numericl integrtion This is pge i Printer: Opque this 2. Introduction Numericl integrtion is problem tht is prt of mny problems in the economics nd econometrics literture. The orgniztion of this chpter
More informationMath Calculus with Analytic Geometry II
orem of definite Mth 5.0 with Anlytic Geometry II Jnury 4, 0 orem of definite If < b then b f (x) dx = ( under f bove xxis) ( bove f under xxis) Exmple 8 0 3 9 x dx = π 3 4 = 9π 4 orem of definite Problem
More informationThe final exam will take place on Friday May 11th from 8am 11am in Evans room 60.
Mth 104: finl informtion The finl exm will tke plce on Fridy My 11th from 8m 11m in Evns room 60. The exm will cover ll prts of the course with equl weighting. It will cover Chpters 1 5, 7 15, 17 21, 23
More information2008 Mathematical Methods (CAS) GA 3: Examination 2
Mthemticl Methods (CAS) GA : Exmintion GENERAL COMMENTS There were 406 students who st the Mthemticl Methods (CAS) exmintion in. Mrks rnged from to 79 out of possible score of 80. Student responses showed
More informationand that at t = 0 the object is at position 5. Find the position of the object at t = 2.
7.2 The Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus 49 re mny, mny problems tht pper much different on the surfce but tht turn out to be the sme s these problems, in the sense tht when we try to pproimte solutions we
More informationUnit #9 : Definite Integral Properties; Fundamental Theorem of Calculus
Unit #9 : Definite Integrl Properties; Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus Gols: Identify properties of definite integrls Define odd nd even functions, nd reltionship to integrl vlues Introduce the Fundmentl
More information(e) if x = y + z and a divides any two of the integers x, y, or z, then a divides the remaining integer
Divisibility In this note we introduce the notion of divisibility for two integers nd b then we discuss the division lgorithm. First we give forml definition nd note some properties of the division opertion.
More informationRecitation 3: More Applications of the Derivative
Mth 1c TA: Pdric Brtlett Recittion 3: More Applictions of the Derivtive Week 3 Cltech 2012 1 Rndom Question Question 1 A grph consists of the following: A set V of vertices. A set E of edges where ech
More informationExam 1 Solutions (1) C, D, A, B (2) C, A, D, B (3) C, B, D, A (4) A, C, D, B (5) D, C, A, B
PHY 249, Fll 216 Exm 1 Solutions nswer 1 is correct for ll problems. 1. Two uniformly chrged spheres, nd B, re plced t lrge distnce from ech other, with their centers on the x xis. The chrge on sphere
More information5.7 Improper Integrals
458 pplictions of definite integrls 5.7 Improper Integrls In Section 5.4, we computed the work required to lift pylod of mss m from the surfce of moon of mss nd rdius R to height H bove the surfce of the
More informationGRADE 4. Division WORKSHEETS
GRADE Division WORKSHEETS Division division is shring nd grouping Division cn men shring or grouping. There re cndies shred mong kids. How mny re in ech shre? = 3 There re 6 pples nd go into ech bsket.
More informationTHE EXISTENCEUNIQUENESS THEOREM FOR FIRSTORDER DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS.
THE EXISTENCEUNIQUENESS THEOREM FOR FIRSTORDER DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS RADON ROSBOROUGH https://intuitiveexplntionscom/picrdlindeloftheorem/ This document is proof of the existenceuniqueness theorem
More information14.4. Lengths of curves and surfaces of revolution. Introduction. Prerequisites. Learning Outcomes
Lengths of curves nd surfces of revolution 4.4 Introduction Integrtion cn be used to find the length of curve nd the re of the surfce generted when curve is rotted round n xis. In this section we stte
More informationNotes on length and conformal metrics
Notes on length nd conforml metrics We recll how to mesure the Eucliden distnce of n rc in the plne. Let α : [, b] R 2 be smooth (C ) rc. Tht is α(t) (x(t), y(t)) where x(t) nd y(t) re smooth rel vlued
More informationa < a+ x < a+2 x < < a+n x = b, n A i n f(x i ) x. i=1 i=1
Mth 33 Volume Stewrt 5.2 Geometry of integrls. In this section, we will lern how to compute volumes using integrls defined by slice nlysis. First, we recll from Clculus I how to compute res. Given the
More informationRiemann is the Mann! (But Lebesgue may besgue to differ.)
Riemnn is the Mnn! (But Lebesgue my besgue to differ.) Leo Livshits My 2, 2008 1 For finite intervls in R We hve seen in clss tht every continuous function f : [, b] R hs the property tht for every ɛ >
More informationRiemann Sums and Riemann Integrals
Riemnn Sums nd Riemnn Integrls Jmes K. Peterson Deprtment of Biologicl Sciences nd Deprtment of Mthemticl Sciences Clemson University August 26, 2013 Outline 1 Riemnn Sums 2 Riemnn Integrls 3 Properties
More informationLecture 3: Curves in Calculus. Table of contents
Mth 348 Fll 7 Lecture 3: Curves in Clculus Disclimer. As we hve textook, this lecture note is for guidnce nd supplement only. It should not e relied on when prepring for exms. In this lecture we set up
More informationMath 554 Integration
Mth 554 Integrtion Hndout #9 4/12/96 Defn. A collection of n + 1 distinct points of the intervl [, b] P := {x 0 = < x 1 < < x i 1 < x i < < b =: x n } is clled prtition of the intervl. In this cse, we
More information7.2 The Definite Integral
7.2 The Definite Integrl the definite integrl In the previous section, it ws found tht if function f is continuous nd nonnegtive, then the re under the grph of f on [, b] is given by F (b) F (), where
More informationChapter 6 Notes, Larson/Hostetler 3e
Contents 6. Antiderivtives nd the Rules of Integrtion.......................... 6. Are nd the Definite Integrl.................................. 6.. Are............................................ 6. Reimnn
More informationImproper Integrals. Type I Improper Integrals How do we evaluate an integral such as
Improper Integrls Two different types of integrls cn qulify s improper. The first type of improper integrl (which we will refer to s Type I) involves evluting n integrl over n infinite region. In the grph
More informationOverview of Calculus I
Overview of Clculus I Prof. Jim Swift Northern Arizon University There re three key concepts in clculus: The limit, the derivtive, nd the integrl. You need to understnd the definitions of these three things,
More informationNumerical Integration
Chpter 5 Numericl Integrtion Numericl integrtion is the study of how the numericl vlue of n integrl cn be found. Methods of function pproximtion discussed in Chpter??, i.e., function pproximtion vi the
More informationThe Fundamental Theorem of Calculus. The Total Change Theorem and the Area Under a Curve.
Clculus Li Vs The Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus. The Totl Chnge Theorem nd the Are Under Curve. Recll the following fct from Clculus course. If continuous function f(x) represents the rte of chnge of F
More informationRiemann Sums and Riemann Integrals
Riemnn Sums nd Riemnn Integrls Jmes K. Peterson Deprtment of Biologicl Sciences nd Deprtment of Mthemticl Sciences Clemson University August 26, 203 Outline Riemnn Sums Riemnn Integrls Properties Abstrct
More informationDefinite integral. Mathematics FRDIS MENDELU
Definite integrl Mthemtics FRDIS MENDELU Simon Fišnrová Brno 1 Motivtion  re under curve Suppose, for simplicity, tht y = f(x) is nonnegtive nd continuous function defined on [, b]. Wht is the re of the
More informationRiemann Integrals and the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus
Riemnn Integrls nd the Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus Jmes K. Peterson Deprtment of Biologicl Sciences nd Deprtment of Mthemticl Sciences Clemson University September 16, 2013 Outline Grphing Riemnn Sums
More informationPartial Derivatives. Limits. For a single variable function f (x), the limit lim
Limits Prtil Derivtives For single vrible function f (x), the limit lim x f (x) exists only if the righthnd side limit equls to the lefthnd side limit, i.e., lim f (x) = lim f (x). x x + For two vribles
More informationPHYSICS 211 MIDTERM I 21 April 2004
PHYSICS MIDERM I April 004 Exm is closed book, closed notes. Use only your formul sheet. Write ll work nd nswers in exm booklets. he bcks of pges will not be grded unless you so request on the front of
More informationGoals: Determine how to calculate the area described by a function. Define the definite integral. Explore the relationship between the definite
Unit #8 : The Integrl Gols: Determine how to clculte the re described by function. Define the definite integrl. Eplore the reltionship between the definite integrl nd re. Eplore wys to estimte the definite
More informationLecture 1: Introduction to integration theory and bounded variation
Lecture 1: Introduction to integrtion theory nd bounded vrition Wht is this course bout? Integrtion theory. The first question you might hve is why there is nything you need to lern bout integrtion. You
More informationMath Advanced Calculus II
Mth 452  Advnced Clculus II Line Integrls nd Green s Theorem The min gol of this chpter is to prove Stoke s theorem, which is the multivrible version of the fundmentl theorem of clculus. We will be focused
More informationPractice final exam solutions
University of Pennsylvni Deprtment of Mthemtics Mth 26 Honors Clculus II Spring Semester 29 Prof. Grssi, T.A. Asher Auel Prctice finl exm solutions 1. Let F : 2 2 be defined by F (x, y (x + y, x y. If
More informationCHM Physical Chemistry I Chapter 1  Supplementary Material
CHM 3410  Physicl Chemistry I Chpter 1  Supplementry Mteril For review of some bsic concepts in mth, see Atkins "Mthemticl Bckground 1 (pp 596), nd "Mthemticl Bckground " (pp 109111). 1. Derivtion
More information38 Riemann sums and existence of the definite integral.
38 Riemnn sums nd existence of the definite integrl. In the clcultion of the re of the region X bounded by the grph of g(x) = x 2, the xxis nd 0 x b, two sums ppered: ( n (k 1) 2) b 3 n 3 re(x) ( n These
More informationLog1 Contest Round 3 Theta Individual. 4 points each 1 What is the sum of the first 5 Fibonacci numbers if the first two are 1, 1?
008 009 Log1 Contest Round Thet Individul Nme: points ech 1 Wht is the sum of the first Fiboncci numbers if the first two re 1, 1? If two crds re drwn from stndrd crd deck, wht is the probbility of drwing
More information5.2 Exponent Properties Involving Quotients
5. Eponent Properties Involving Quotients Lerning Objectives Use the quotient of powers property. Use the power of quotient property. Simplify epressions involving quotient properties of eponents. Use
More informationDefinite integral. Mathematics FRDIS MENDELU. Simona Fišnarová (Mendel University) Definite integral MENDELU 1 / 30
Definite integrl Mthemtics FRDIS MENDELU Simon Fišnrová (Mendel University) Definite integrl MENDELU / Motivtion  re under curve Suppose, for simplicity, tht y = f(x) is nonnegtive nd continuous function
More informationMATH34032: Green s Functions, Integral Equations and the Calculus of Variations 1
MATH34032: Green s Functions, Integrl Equtions nd the Clculus of Vritions 1 Section 1 Function spces nd opertors Here we gives some brief detils nd definitions, prticulrly relting to opertors. For further
More information