Chapter 7. Lesson Lesson 7.1.2


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1 Chapter 7 Lesson Customer A should order y=4x instead; Customer B should order y= x+ instead; Customer C s order is correct; Customer D s table is not linear, so the customer should revise his or her order; Customer E s order is correct; Customer F s order is not linear either, since a line must have constant growth everywhere a. See diagrams at right. b. y=5x+1; 51 tiles Figure 0 Figure a. b. 1 c a pounds of food b hours 77. x: (1, 0) and y: (0, 6) 78. a. y=8 6x b. x = 1 6 y+ 8 6 c. x = 79. Let t = number of teddy bears and d = number of dogs. Then t +d =56 and d =t +17, so t =11 and d =4. Thus, he has 11 teddy bears. Lesson Answers can vary depending on data and the trend line that is chosen a. 16 b. c. undefined d a. 5 b. 1 c. the positive value of x c d. 6 e. 8 f. the positive value of y f a. b a. (, 0.5) b. infinite solutions because the lines coincide x =15, y= a. The baby is growing 1.5 inches per month; it is the slope (m). b. It was inches long when it was born; it is the yintercept (b). c. 7.5 inches d. 11 months after it was born, so in December 44 Algebra Connections
2 Lesson a. Both have tiles in Figure 0. However, A grows by tiles and B grows by 6 tiles. B is steeper. c. Typical response. It tells how much a pattern grows each figure. The steeper the line, the greater or faster the growth. d. A. y=x+, B. y=6x = a. b. 4 c. 1 or 0.5 d. divide y by x e. y= 1 x+ 7. a. 6 4 = =1.5 ; Both give the same result. b. 4.5; The ratio must be equal. c. 1.5; This height is equal to the slope. 7. If y=0, then the line is horizontal; if x =0, then the line is vertical a. Essie is correct; y= means that the vertical change is and that the line is pointing downward. b. yes; 4 = 4 c. y= 4 x Possible response. It is a parabola because it has an x term. (This conclusion is acceptable at this point.) 76. r =y and r+y=14 ; r =9 and y= any horizontal line that is not y = a. 5.5 b. 4 c. 5 d Let x represent the number of hours she swims. Then x+x =4.5 and x =1.5. Thus, she will swim for 1.5 hours and play volleyball for hours a. 5x x 1 b. 4x +18x Answer Key 45
3 Lesson a. B is the steepest; C is the least steep. b. Downward; y is. c. A. m = 1, B. m =, C. m = 1, D. m = 5 d. Possible responses. The value of slope indicates how steep the graph is. The larger the slope, the steeper the line. If the slope is positive, the line travels upward from left to right, while a negative slope indicates that the line travels downward from left to right. e. In this case, she is correct. The steepest line (B) has the largest value for slope (). Note that for negative slope, the steeper the line, the more negative (smaller) the slope. 7. a. A is the steepest; B is steeper than C. b. A. x = 1, y= ; B. x =, y= ; C. x =, y= ; D. x = 5, y= 1 c. A. m =, B. m =, C. m =, D. m = 1 5 d. It would point downward from left to right because its slope is negative. e. It would point downward from left to right because its slope is negative. It would be steeper. 7. A. m = 1, B. m =, C. m =, D. m = a. The line should have slope m =6. b. m = 5 c. m = d. m = a. The slope of each is 1. b. no c. y= a. line a. y=x, line b. y=x+ b. It would lie between lines a and b, because its yintercept is at (0, 1). c. It would travel downward but would have the same yintercept as the line from part (b) a. ( 1, 7) b. ( 1, ) c. These coincide, so there are an infinite number of points of intersection a. 1 b. 0 c. 8 d. no solution a. 6(1x 1)=78x 16 b. (x+)(x 5)= x x hops c. 4(4x 6x+1)=16x 4x+4 d. (x )(x+4)=x +10x y= 4 x 4 46 Algebra Connections
4 Lesson a. This is not enough information. An infinite number of lines pass through (, 5). b. This is enough information. y= x. c. This is enough information. y=x+4. d. This is not enough information. An infinite number of lines, all parallel to each other, have slope of 4. e. This is enough information. y= 4 x+5. f. You need the slope and a point or two points to determine a unique line a. 1 ; parallel lines must have the same growth factor. b. They are equal. c. It should have a slope of and pass through (0, 5). d. y= 1 x a. She subtracted the x and ycoordinates. b. c. 4 = d. 6 = 1 d e. The student did not make x negative and forgot to divide y by x The steepest line is vertical. Its slope is undefined since its x is No; she would be on the same page as Sam on page 10, but there are only 00 pages in the book. Sam only needs 9 minutes and 45 seconds to finish the book, while Jimmica needs 0 minutes a. See graph at right. b. (, ) a. m = b. m =0.5 c. undefined a. 4 b. no solution c. 0.5 d a. y = x 4 b. x = y 4 = 1 y+ c. x = 1 d. x = xintercepts. (, 0) and (4, 0); yintercept. (0, 4) Lesson A person cannot be different distances from the motion detector at the same time $,98, a. 4 b. 16 c. It would get steeper a. There is no solution, so the lines do not intersect. b. Yes; both lines have the same slope. y= x y=x, y= x Answers vary. Possible solutions. 5x(x 1), 5(x x), x(15x 5), etc a. 4 b. (0, 5) c. y= 4 x 5 Answer Key 47 y x
5 Lesson a. Leslie. y=x, Kristin. y= 5 x+8, Evie. y= 5 4 x+6 b. After 8 seconds, both racers were 16 meters from the starting line. c. Leslie won in 10 seconds, Kristin took 0 seconds and Evie took 11. seconds. d. Her slope is. Her slope represents her rate of travel. 5 e. She traveled meters every seconds and got a 1meter head start a. The customer started walking slowly toward the motion detector from 4 feet away, stopped for about 4 seconds, and then walked away from the machine at a faster rate b. The customer started from.5 feet in front of the machine and walked quickly away, stopped for about 4 seconds, and then started to walk slowly toward the machine c. The customer started walking quickly toward the machine from about 10 feet away, after seconds, stopped for 4 seconds, and then started walking slowly toward the machine a. The slope represents the number of feet a tree grows per year, and the yintercept represents the height when the measuring began (perhaps when it was planted), m = feet per year, b = (0, 4) b. The slope represents the amount of money being spent from a bank account each month, while the yintercept represents the beginning balance, m = 10 dollars per month, b=(0,170) c. The slope represents the distance that can be traveled on a gallon of gas, m = miles per gallon, b = (0, 0) a. Elizabeth won the race, finishing in 5 seconds. b. Barbara: y= x+, Elizabeth:y=4x c. 5 meters every seconds, or 5 meters per second d. seconds after the start of the race, when each is 6 meters from the starting line a. 0 pounds b. The graph should show a line with positive slope. Units labeled on the axes should be in pounds (vertical axis) and feet (horizontal axis). c. 4 pounds d. 9 feet xintercept. (, 0), yintercept. (0, 10) a. 1 b. c y=x Let t = number of tshirts and s = number of shorts. Then 1t +8s =780 and t +s=77 ; t =41 and s =6 ; they sold 41 tshirts. 48 Algebra Connections
6 Lesson Rider A: y= x, Rider B: y= 1 x+10, Rider C: y= x+4, Rider D: y= 5 x+1, Elizabeth: y= 1 4 x+10, Leslie: y=x 4 ; Rider D wins the race. Solution graph is shown at right. Distance from Starting Line D Leslie A C B Elizabeth 77. a. Rider D; Elizabeth b. Rider D. 5 meters every seconds; Elizabeth. 1 meter every 4 seconds c. 8 seconds after the start of the race, Rider A, Rider C, Elizabeth, and Leslie were all 1 meters from the starting line (, 15) a. (4, 0) and (0, ) b. (8, 0) and (0, 4) Time (seconds) a. 1 b. 1 c. d. 1 5 e. The line travels downward from left to right, so m = a. 4 b. c. 1 d a. 1x b. 8x+7 c. x d. 5x+7 y C Answer Key 49
7 Lesson While the graph will only approximate the solution, a table helps show that the chick weighed 51.6 grams when it was born and will weigh 140 grams after 17 days a. It grows 5. grams per day, so the slope of the line is 5.. b. slope. m =5. ; should pass through (9, 98.4) c. Units on the axes should be in grams (vertical axis) and days (horizontal axis). d. While the yintercept is (0, 51.6), answers close to 50 grams are acceptable. e. when the chick is 17 days old a. The chick weighed 98.4 grams after 9 days. b. On Day 0, the chick weighed 51.6 grams. c. Colleen s chick weighed 51.6 grams when hatched. The chick will weigh 140 grams when it is 17 days old. For this problem, a table can produce exact results, while the graph is approximate a. The variable m is the slope, or the chick s daily rate of growth, 5. grams per day; b is the yintercept, or the chick s weight when hatched, which is unknown. b. The slope is 5., so y=5.x+b. The yintercept is still unknown. c. Possible response. A point on a line is a solution to the equation, so when substituting the x and yvalues into the equation, the equation is still true. d. Substituting x =9 and y=98.4 into the equation, the equation becomes 98.4 =5.(9)+b. After solving, b=51.6 and y=5.x e. The equation is exact. f. Starting with 140 =5.x+51.6, the solution becomes x =17 days a. y= x 5 b. y=0.5x Mt. Everest was meters tall in the year 0; y=0.05x a. y=1.5x+0.5 b. Answers vary, but solutions should lie on y=1.5x a. ( 7, 11) b. ( 8, 10) a. 14 b. 5 c. d a. (.5, 0) and (0,.) b. y = a. ; (0, 5) b. 5 ; (0, 0) 4 c. 0; (0, ) d. 4; (0, 7) e. 4 ; (0, 1) f. 1 ; (0, 6) 5 50 Algebra Connections
8 Lesson b. c. Answers vary. d. They are opposite reciprocals. e a. y= 5 x 8 b. y= x line L. y= 1 6 x+6; line M. y= x+1; (6, 5) Lines A and E are perpendicular, so the slope of line E is a meters b. Dean. y= x+5, Carlos. 4 y= x c. after 0 seconds a. The slope represents the cost per mile for a ride in a taxi, m = $.50 per mile; b. The slope represents the gallons per minute of water draining from a tub, m = 4 gallons per minute If d = number of Democrats, then d+(d +0)+1=45, and d = 0 Democrats. Thus, there were = Republicans ( 5, 0) and (, 0) a. x +5x b. 15x x c. 5x 7x+10 d. 00x B Lesson a. m = b. Substitute the point into the equation y=x+b in order to solve for b; y=x+10. c. No; both will give the same equation. d. Substitute both points into the equation to verify that both are solutions b. Although there are many possible solutions, the points for 1961 and 1989 are good choices. This will create a line. y=9.8x c. See part (b) above. e. Answers will vary. In the case stated in part (b), the yintercept is (0, 194.8); Dizzyland did not exist in the year 0. f. Answers will vary. Approximately the year a. y= 1 x+4 b. y= x y= 9 4 x (11, ) a. There are no xintercepts; y intercept. (0, 10). b. (, 1) a. 8 b. 56 c. d a. m = 5 6 b. m = 0 c. m = 5 6 d. undefined, e. m = 4 f. m = 1 4 g. m = 4 h. m = 6 5 ; Lines (b) and (d) are perpendicular; lines (e) and (f) are perpendicular; lines (a) and (c) are parallel. Answer Key 51
9 Lesson Logo A: y=, y=x+, y= 1 x+, y= x+6, y= 1 x+6, y= x 6, y= 1 x+10 ; Logo B: y=, y=x, y= 4 x, y= x+6, y= 4 x+6, y= 4 x, y= 4 x a. (y+4)(+5x)=6y+0x+10xy+1 b. (5+x)(x )=4x +4x If b = number of brownies sold and c = the number of cookies sold, then b+.50c=18 and b=c+ ; she sold 41 brownies a. y= x+1 b. y = 11 c. y= x a. The slope represents the change in height of a candle per minute, m = 0 cm per minute b. The slope represents the gallons per month of water being removed from a well, m = 900 gallons per month a. 15x b. 8x c. 6x d. 7x 5 Algebra Connections
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