PIPE FLOWS: LECTURE /04/2017. Yesterday, for the example problem Δp = f(v, ρ, μ, L, D) We came up with the non dimensional relation


 Gerald Chase
 3 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 /04/07 ECTURE 4 PIPE FOWS: Yesterday, for the example problem Δp = f(v, ρ, μ,, ) We came up with the non dimensional relation f (, ) 3 V or, p f(, ) You can plot π versus π with π 3 as a parameter. Or, You can plot π versus π 3 with π as a parameter. As you need to find Δp versus V, let us first go with π versus π with π 3 as a parameter. From the first row of the data i.e kg / ms, evaluate water p V 4700 From the second row, 700, p.78 0 V
2 ike this, you evaluate for each row of the data. You will get nine data points. For same ratio, you will see that Δp is increasing linearly with. As is present only in the nondimensional parameter3, (where π & π is devoid of it), you can now state f(, 3) g( ) p V i.e., g( ) g or, 3 p V g where, g( ) is a function. (Please note that this g is not acceleration due to gravity) By plotting the available data you will see that 3 p V 0.55 Most of the Newtonian smooth pipe flows correlate in this same manner. This is the principle in many pipe flow problems..75
3 VISCOUS FOWS OR PIPE FOWS: One of the most important application of solving linear momentum & continuity equations are in pipe flows. Recall, you cannot have a fully general solution to the Navier Stokes equation. Based on the nature of the problem & type of fluid flow, we can get particular solutions. As said earlier you may have to neglect or sometimes incorporate the effects of Viscosity Gravity Compressibility Pressure, etc. As a civil engineer, you will be mostly dealing with incompressible fluid (or water) in many practical problems. We will see the application to pipe flows, where as a civil engineer, you may have to design pipe flow network. Pipe flows are generally viscous. Reynold s number plays a prominent part in understanding the pipe flow. Based on the Reynold s number, a pipe flow is classified as aminar Turbulent Example (As adopted from FM White s Fluid Mechanics): From Reynold s experiments on pipe flows of various diameters, it was observed that there is a critical Reynold s number Re critical 300. Below this value, pipe flow is laminar. For a flow through a 5 cm diameter pipe, at what velocity will this critical Reynold s number appear at 0 C. a) For airflow, b) For water flow. The input parameters are: For air, air kg / ms,.6 Re 4 3 air.05 kg / m
4 For water, 0.00 kg / ms, water 998 kg / m water 3 Solution: For pipe flow, the Reynold s number is defined as Re = ρv μ V.05V 0.05 Recritical 300 air or, V m / s air critical V 998V 0.05 Recritical 300 water 0.00 or, V m / s water critical Fully developed pipe flow: Usually in pipe flow design, you take fully developed pipe flow. A fully developed pipe flow is the one in which the effects of viscosity are fully present & the pipe entrance effects are not taken into account. Consider an incompressible pipe flow Entrance Pressure drop Pressure x
5 et us assume that the pipe is connected to an inviscid flow stream. Therefore, there will be no effect of viscosity at the entrance. The velocity profile will look like the first portion. The boundary layer starts growing with respect to pipe direction & merges at length, where the full effects of viscosity is witnessed in velocity profile. From the length onwards the pipe will be having fully developed viscous flow. From dimensional analysis done by other scientists and experts, it is observed that the entrance length is a function of the Reynold s number. In laminar flow: 0.06Re For turbulent flow:.6 Re 4 et us the pipe is connected to an inviscid flow stream. Therefore, there will be no effect of viscosity at the entrance. The velocity profile will look like the first portion. The boundary layer starts growing with respect to pipe direction & merges at length, where the full effects of viscosity is witnessed in velocity profile. From the length onwards the pipe will be having fully developed viscous flow. From dimensional analysis, it is observed that the entrance length is a function of the Reynold s number. In laminar flow: 0.06Re For turbulent flow:.6 Re 4 Example (Adopted from FM White s Fluid Mechanics) A cm diameter pipe is 0 m long and delivers water at m 3 /s at 0 0 C. What fraction of this pipe is taken as entrance region? Solution: Given Q = m 3 /s
6 V avg = Q A = π =.546 m/s 4 (0.0) For water at 0 0 C, ρ = 998kg m 3 and μ = 0.00kg/ms R e = ρv = = 5080 μ 0.00 Hence the pipe is turbulent. Now.6R e 4 =.6 (5080) = 0.48 m = m You can approximate fully developed pipe flow for this pipe throughout. Head loss Friction Factor In various pipe flow problems, we need to analyse the head loss (i.e. the energy head loss). For pipe flow analyses, let us again use the control volume. The flow is incompressible and steady (assumed). r=r τw Z x z Φ
7 The length of pipe = = x  x The onedimensional continuity equation suggests Q = Q = constant As pipe diameter is same at  and at  (the control volume portion), A = A = A (Area of cross section)and v = v = v The steady flow energy equation (please note that this is NOT INVISCI) is: Where h f is the energy loss. p ρg + α v g + z = p ρg + α v g + z + h f As the flow is steady and also the velocity profile is same throughout, α = α So, h f = z + p ρg Change in height of hydraulic grade line. If we apply momentum equation to the control volume: Consider pressure, gravity and shear forces: F x = p ( π 4 ) + ρg ( π 4 ) sinφ τ w (πr) F x = m (v v ) in steady state condition. As v = v so, F x = 0 i.e. τ w (πr) = pπr + ρgπr sinφ Shear stress, τ w = Rρg [ p ρg + z] τ w = ρgrh f Shear stress is related to the head loss, so, h f = τ w ρgr From literature, it is available about arcyweisbach friction factor f, and how head loss is defined, based on friction factor, i.e. h f = fv g The friction factor in pipe flow analysis is some function of =function(r e, ε, duct shape) Where, ε = wall roughness height (Refer to your lab manual)
8 aminar Fully eveloped Pipe Flow For a fully developed Poiseuille flow in a round pipe of diameter, radius R: And ( dp ) = p+ρg z dx As, v = Q A = u max Since τ w = μ du = 4μV = 8μV dr r=r R As h f = z + p ρg so 8μV = Rρg Or, h f = 3μV ρg [ z + p ρg ] = 8μV ρgr h f = 8μV ρgr = f laminar u = u max ( r R ) where u max = ( dp dx ) R 4μ V R g p + ρg z v = [ ] R 8μ Q = uda = π R v = πr 8μ = R [ p+ρg z ] 8μV = Rρg h f Where, f laminar friction factor = function ( R e ) + ρg z [ p ] Example (Adopted from FM White s Fluid Mechanics) An oil with ρ=900kg/m 3 and μ=0.8kg/ms flows through an inclined pipe. Two sections, section and section are 0 m apart. Assume steady laminar flow. a) Check whether flow is up or down. b) Compute hf between and. c) Compute the discharge Q. d) Velocity, V. e) The Reynolds number. Given following inputs: p=350000pa, z=0.0, p=50000pa, z=0sin40 0 =6.43m, =6cm.
9 Solution: 0m 40 0 The flow of oil will be in the direction of falling hydraulic gradient. As the flow is steady, v = v so v So, (HG) > (HG) = v g g (HG) = p ρg + z = = 39.64m (HG) = p ρg + z = = 34.74m a) The flow occurs from to. b) Head loss between and, h f = = 4.9m c) ischarge, Q for circular pipe, Q = πr 8μ + ρg z [ p ] = πr4 ρg 8μ h f = π (0.03) d) Velocity, V = Q = =.7 m A π (0.03) s e) Reynolds number, R e = ρv = = 80 (aminar flow) μ = m 3 /s
V/ t = 0 p/ t = 0 ρ/ t = 0. V/ s = 0 p/ s = 0 ρ/ s = 0
UNIT III FLOW THROUGH PIPES 1. List the types of fluid flow. Steady and unsteady flow Uniform and nonuniform flow Laminar and Turbulent flow Compressible and incompressible flow Rotational and irrotational
More informationBasic Fluid Mechanics
Basic Fluid Mechanics Chapter 6A: Internal Incompressible Viscous Flow 4/16/2018 C6A: Internal Incompressible Viscous Flow 1 6.1 Introduction For the present chapter we will limit our study to incompressible
More informationShell Balances in Fluid Mechanics
Shell Balances in Fluid Mechanics R. Shankar Subramanian Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Clarkson University When fluid flow occurs in a single direction everywhere in a system, shell
More informationME 305 Fluid Mechanics I. Part 8 Viscous Flow in Pipes and Ducts. Flow in Pipes and Ducts. Flow in Pipes and Ducts (cont d)
ME 305 Fluid Mechanics I Flow in Pipes and Ducts Flow in closed conduits (circular pipes and noncircular ducts) are very common. Part 8 Viscous Flow in Pipes and Ducts These presentations are prepared
More informationOE4625 Dredge Pumps and Slurry Transport. Vaclav Matousek October 13, 2004
OE465 Vaclav Matousek October 13, 004 1 Dredge Vermelding Pumps onderdeel and Slurry organisatie Transport OE465 Vaclav Matousek October 13, 004 Dredge Vermelding Pumps onderdeel and Slurry organisatie
More informationLecture 30 Review of Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer
Objectives In this lecture you will learn the following We shall summarise the principles used in fluid mechanics and heat transfer. It is assumed that the student has already been exposed to courses in
More informationME 305 Fluid Mechanics I. Chapter 8 Viscous Flow in Pipes and Ducts
ME 305 Fluid Mechanics I Chapter 8 Viscous Flow in Pipes and Ducts These presentations are prepared by Dr. Cüneyt Sert Department of Mechanical Engineering Middle East Technical University Ankara, Turkey
More informationFluid Mechanics II Viscosity and shear stresses
Fluid Mechanics II Viscosity and shear stresses Shear stresses in a Newtonian fluid A fluid at rest can not resist shearing forces. Under the action of such forces it deforms continuously, however small
More informationAnNajah National University Civil Engineering Department. Fluid Mechanics. Chapter 1. General Introduction
1 AnNajah National University Civil Engineering Department Fluid Mechanics Chapter 1 General Introduction 2 What is Fluid Mechanics? Mechanics deals with the behavior of both stationary and moving bodies
More informationFigure 3: Problem 7. (a) 0.9 m (b) 1.8 m (c) 2.7 m (d) 3.6 m
1. For the manometer shown in figure 1, if the absolute pressure at point A is 1.013 10 5 Pa, the absolute pressure at point B is (ρ water =10 3 kg/m 3, ρ Hg =13.56 10 3 kg/m 3, ρ oil = 800kg/m 3 ): (a)
More informationChapter 10 Flow in Conduits
Chapter 10 Flow in Conduits 10.1 Classifying Flow Laminar Flow and Turbulent Flow Laminar flow Unpredictable Turbulent flow Near entrance: undeveloped developing flow In developing flow, the wall shear
More informationReynolds, an engineering professor in early 1880 demonstrated two different types of flow through an experiment:
7 STEADY FLOW IN PIPES 7.1 Reynolds Number Reynolds, an engineering professor in early 1880 demonstrated two different types of flow through an experiment: Laminar flow Turbulent flow Reynolds apparatus
More informationFE Fluids Review March 23, 2012 Steve Burian (Civil & Environmental Engineering)
Topic: Fluid Properties 1. If 6 m 3 of oil weighs 47 kn, calculate its specific weight, density, and specific gravity. 2. 10.0 L of an incompressible liquid exert a force of 20 N at the earth s surface.
More informationLesson 6 Review of fundamentals: Fluid flow
Lesson 6 Review of fundamentals: Fluid flow The specific objective of this lesson is to conduct a brief review of the fundamentals of fluid flow and present: A general equation for conservation of mass
More information2, where dp is the constant, R is the radius of
Dynamics of Viscous Flows (Lectures 8 to ) Q. Choose the correct answer (i) The average velocity of a onedimensional incompressible fully developed viscous flow between two fixed parallel plates is m/s.
More informationMechanical Engineering Programme of Study
Mechanical Engineering Programme of Study Fluid Mechanics Instructor: Marios M. Fyrillas Email: eng.fm@fit.ac.cy SOLVED EXAMPLES ON VISCOUS FLOW 1. Consider steady, laminar flow between two fixed parallel
More informationPrinciples of Convection
Principles of Convection Point Conduction & convection are similar both require the presence of a material medium. But convection requires the presence of fluid motion. Heat transfer through the: Solid
More informationBERNOULLI EQUATION. The motion of a fluid is usually extremely complex.
BERNOULLI EQUATION The motion of a fluid is usually extremely complex. The study of a fluid at rest, or in relative equilibrium, was simplified by the absence of shear stress, but when a fluid flows over
More information150A Review Session 2/13/2014 Fluid Statics. Pressure acts in all directions, normal to the surrounding surfaces
Fluid Statics Pressure acts in all directions, normal to the surrounding surfaces or Whenever a pressure difference is the driving force, use gauge pressure o Bernoulli equation o Momentum balance with
More informationDEVELOPED LAMINAR FLOW IN PIPE USING COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS M.
DEVELOPED LAMINAR FLOW IN PIPE USING COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS M. Sahu 1, Kishanjit Kumar Khatua and Kanhu Charan Patra 3, T. Naik 4 1, &3 Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of technology,
More informationFLUID MECHANICS PROF. DR. METİN GÜNER COMPILER
FLUID MECHANICS PROF. DR. METİN GÜNER COMPILER ANKARA UNIVERSITY FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY AND TECHNOLOGIES ENGINEERING 1 5. FLOW IN PIPES 5.1.3. Pressure and Shear Stress
More informationPiping Systems and Flow Analysis (Chapter 3)
Piping Systems and Flow Analysis (Chapter 3) 2 Learning Outcomes (Chapter 3) Losses in Piping Systems Major losses Minor losses Pipe Networks Pipes in series Pipes in parallel Manifolds and Distribution
More informationChapter 8: Flow in Pipes
Objectives 1. Have a deeper understanding of laminar and turbulent flow in pipes and the analysis of fully developed flow 2. Calculate the major and minor losses associated with pipe flow in piping networks
More informationBernoulli and Pipe Flow
Civil Engineering Hydraulics Mechanics of Fluids Head Loss Calculations Bernoulli and The Bernoulli equation that we worked with was a bit simplistic in the way it looked at a fluid system All real systems
More informationR09. d water surface. Prove that the depth of pressure is equal to p +.
Code No:A109210105 R09 SET1 B.Tech II Year  I Semester Examinations, December 2011 FLUID MECHANICS (CIVIL ENGINEERING) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 75 Answer any five questions All questions carry equal
More informationChapter 1: Basic Concepts
What is a fluid? A fluid is a substance in the gaseous or liquid form Distinction between solid and fluid? Solid: can resist an applied shear by deforming. Stress is proportional to strain Fluid: deforms
More informationChapter 8: Flow in Pipes
81 Introduction 82 Laminar and Turbulent Flows 83 The Entrance Region 84 Laminar Flow in Pipes 85 Turbulent Flow in Pipes 86 Fully Developed Pipe Flow 87 Minor Losses 88 Piping Networks and Pump
More informationPart A: 1 pts each, 10 pts total, no partial credit.
Part A: 1 pts each, 10 pts total, no partial credit. 1) (Correct: 1 pt/ Wrong: 3 pts). The sum of static, dynamic, and hydrostatic pressures is constant when flow is steady, irrotational, incompressible,
More informationLECTURE 1 THE CONTENTS OF THIS LECTURE ARE AS FOLLOWS:
LECTURE 1 THE CONTENTS OF THIS LECTURE ARE AS FOLLOWS: 1.0 INTRODUCTION TO FLUID AND BASIC EQUATIONS 2.0 REYNOLDS NUMBER AND CRITICAL VELOCITY 3.0 APPROACH TOWARDS REYNOLDS NUMBER REFERENCES Page 1 of
More informationFluid Dynamics Exercises and questions for the course
Fluid Dynamics Exercises and questions for the course January 15, 2014 A two dimensional flow field characterised by the following velocity components in polar coordinates is called a free vortex: u r
More informationFLOW IN CONDUITS. Shear stress distribution across a pipe section. Chapter 10
Chapter 10 Shear stress distribution across a pipe section FLOW IN CONDUITS For steady, uniform flow, the momentum balance in s for the fluid cylinder yields Fluid Mechanics, Spring Term 2010 Velocity
More informationUNIT II Real fluids. FMM / KRG / MECH / NPRCET Page 78. Laminar and turbulent flow
UNIT II Real fluids The flow of real fluids exhibits viscous effect that is they tend to "stick" to solid surfaces and have stresses within their body. You might remember from earlier in the course Newtons
More informationExternal Flow and Boundary Layer Concepts
1 2 Lecture (8) on Fayoum University External Flow and Boundary Layer Concepts By Dr. Emad M. Saad Mechanical Engineering Dept. Faculty of Engineering Fayoum University Faculty of Engineering Mechanical
More informationDifferential relations for fluid flow
Differential relations for fluid flow In this approach, we apply basic conservation laws to an infinitesimally small control volume. The differential approach provides point by point details of a flow
More informationUNIT I FLUID PROPERTIES AND STATICS
SIDDHARTH GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS :: PUTTUR Siddharth Nagar, Narayanavanam Road 517583 QUESTION BANK (DESCRIPTIVE) Subject with Code : Fluid Mechanics (16CE106) Year & Sem: IIB.Tech & ISem Course & Branch:
More informationτ du In his lecture we shall look at how the forces due to momentum changes on the fluid and viscous forces compare and what changes take place.
4. Real fluids The flow of real fluids exhibits viscous effect, that is they tend to stick to solid surfaces and have stresses within their body. You might remember from earlier in the course Newtons law
More informationDesign and Modeling of Fluid Power Systems ME 597/ABE Lecture 7
Systems ME 597/ABE 591  Lecture 7 Dr. Monika Ivantysynova MAHA Professor Fluid Power Systems MAHA Fluid Power Research Center Purdue University Content of 6th lecture The lubricating gap as a basic design
More informationFriction Factors and Drag Coefficients
Levicky 1 Friction Factors and Drag Coefficients Several equations that we have seen have included terms to represent dissipation of energy due to the viscous nature of fluid flow. For example, in the
More informationFluid Mechanics Prof. T.I. Eldho Department of Civil Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay. Lecture  17 Laminar and Turbulent flows
Fluid Mechanics Prof. T.I. Eldho Department of Civil Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay Lecture  17 Laminar and Turbulent flows Welcome back to the video course on fluid mechanics. In
More informationIncompressible Viscous Flows
Incompressible Viscous Flows Q. Choose the crect answer (i) The maximum velocit of a onedimensional incompressible full developed viscous flow between two fixed parallel plates is 6m/s. The mean velocit
More informationLesson 37 Transmission Of Air In Air Conditioning Ducts
Lesson 37 Transmission Of Air In Air Conditioning Ducts Version 1 ME, IIT Kharagpur 1 The specific objectives of this chapter are to: 1. Describe an Air Handling Unit (AHU) and its functions (Section 37.1).
More informationFORMULA SHEET. General formulas:
FORMULA SHEET You may use this formula sheet during the Advanced Transport Phenomena course and it should contain all formulas you need during this course. Note that the weeks are numbered from 1.1 to
More informationIran University of Science & Technology School of Mechanical Engineering Advance Fluid Mechanics
1. Consider a sphere of radius R immersed in a uniform stream U0, as shown in 3 R Fig.1. The fluid velocity along streamline AB is given by V ui U i x 1. 0 3 Find (a) the position of maximum fluid acceleration
More informationChapter 6. Losses due to Fluid Friction
Chapter 6 Losses due to Fluid Friction 1 Objectives ä To measure the pressure drop in the straight section of smooth, rough, and packed pipes as a function of flow rate. ä To correlate this in terms of
More informationME19b. FINAL REVIEW SOLUTIONS. Mar. 11, 2010.
ME19b. FINAL REVIEW SOLTIONS. Mar. 11, 21. EXAMPLE PROBLEM 1 A laboratory wind tunnel has a square test section with side length L. Boundarylayer velocity profiles are measured at two crosssections and
More informationUniform Channel Flow Basic Concepts. Definition of Uniform Flow
Uniform Channel Flow Basic Concepts Hydromechanics VVR090 Uniform occurs when: Definition of Uniform Flow 1. The depth, flow area, and velocity at every cross section is constant 2. The energy grade line,
More informationSteven Burian Civil & Environmental Engineering September 25, 2013
Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) Exam Mechanics Steven Burian Civil & Environmental Engineering September 25, 2013 s and FE Morning ( Mechanics) A. Flow measurement 7% of FE Morning B. properties Session
More informationChapter 6. Losses due to Fluid Friction
Chapter 6 Losses due to Fluid Friction 1 Objectives To measure the pressure drop in the straight section of smooth, rough, and packed pipes as a function of flow rate. To correlate this in terms of the
More informationThe most common methods to identify velocity of flow are pathlines, streaklines and streamlines.
4 FLUID FLOW 4.1 Introduction Many civil engineering problems in fluid mechanics are concerned with fluids in motion. The distribution of potable water, the collection of domestic sewage and storm water,
More informationCompressible Duct Flow with Friction
Compressible Duct Flow with Friction We treat only the effect of friction, neglecting area change and heat transfer. The basic assumptions are 1. Steady onedimensional adiabatic flow 2. Perfect gas with
More informationDetailed Outline, M E 320 Fluid Flow, Spring Semester 2015
Detailed Outline, M E 320 Fluid Flow, Spring Semester 2015 I. Introduction (Chapters 1 and 2) A. What is Fluid Mechanics? 1. What is a fluid? 2. What is mechanics? B. Classification of Fluid Flows 1. Viscous
More informationLecture 2 Flow classifications and continuity
Lecture 2 Flow classifications and continuity Dr Tim Gough: t.gough@bradford.ac.uk General information 1 No tutorial week 3 3 rd October 2013 this Thursday. Attempt tutorial based on examples from today
More informationINSTITUTE OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING Dundigal, Hyderabad AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING QUESTION BANK : AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING.
Course Name Course Code Class Branch INSTITUTE OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING Dundigal, Hyderabad  00 0 AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING : Mechanics of Fluids : A00 : III B. Tech Year : 0 0 Course Coordinator
More informationHydraulics. B.E. (Civil), Year/Part: II/II. Tutorial solutions: Pipe flow. Tutorial 1
Hydraulics B.E. (Civil), Year/Part: II/II Tutorial solutions: Pipe flow Tutorial 1 by Dr. K.N. Dulal Laminar flow 1. A pipe 200mm in diameter and 20km long conveys oil of density 900 kg/m 3 and viscosity
More informationOutlines. simple relations of fluid dynamics Boundary layer analysis. Important for basic understanding of convection heat transfer
Forced Convection Outlines To examine the methods of calculating convection heat transfer (particularly, the ways of predicting the value of convection heat transfer coefficient, h) Convection heat transfer
More information1Reynold s Experiment
Lect.No.8 2 nd Semester Flow Dynamics in Closed Conduit (Pipe Flow) 1 of 21 The flow in closed conduit ( flow in pipe ) is differ from this occur in open channel where the flow in pipe is at a pressure
More informationFluid mechanics (wb1225)
Fluid mechanics (wb225) Lecture 8: flows through pipes and ducts Examples of pipe flows [] [2] [3] [4] 2 Flow states in pipe flow [5] Re crit 2300 3 Laminar vs turbulent [5] [6] 4 Pipe flow transition
More informationFluid Mechanics. Spring 2009
Instructor: Dr. YangCheng Shih Department of Energy and Refrigerating AirConditioning Engineering National Taipei University of Technology Spring 2009 Chapter 1 Introduction 11 General Remarks 12 Scope
More informationFluid Mechanics c) Orificemeter a) Viscous force, Turbulence force, Compressible force a) Turbulence force c) Integration d) The flow is rotational
Fluid Mechanics 1. Which is the cheapest device for measuring flow / discharge rate. a) Venturimeter b) Pitot tube c) Orificemeter d) None of the mentioned 2. Which forces are neglected to obtain Euler
More information(British) (SI) British Metric L T [V] = L T. [a] = 2 [F] = F = 2 T
Hydraulics ecture # CWR 40 age () ecture # Outline: Review of terminology in fluid mechanics: Energy or work Hydraulic head Bernoulli s aw, Conductivity (examle) ransient & turbulent Friction head loss
More informationViscous Flow in Ducts
Dr. M. Siavashi Iran University of Science and Technology Spring 2014 Objectives 1. Have a deeper understanding of laminar and turbulent flow in pipes and the analysis of fully developed flow 2. Calculate
More informationUNIFORM FLOW CRITICAL FLOW GRADUALLY VARIED FLOW
UNIFORM FLOW CRITICAL FLOW GRADUALLY VARIED FLOW Derivation of uniform flow equation Dimensional analysis Computation of normal depth UNIFORM FLOW 1. Uniform flow is the flow condition obtained from a
More informationPHYSICAL MECHANISM OF CONVECTION
Tue 8:54:24 AM Slide Nr. 0 of 33 Slides PHYSICAL MECHANISM OF CONVECTION Heat transfer through a fluid is by convection in the presence of bulk fluid motion and by conduction in the absence of it. Chapter
More informationFLUID MECHANICS PROF. DR. METİN GÜNER COMPILER
FLUID MECHANICS PROF. DR. METİN GÜNER COMPILER ANKARA UNIVERSITY FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY AND TECHNOLOGIES ENGINEERING 1 5. FLOW IN PIPES Liquid or gas flow through pipes
More informationSignature: (Note that unsigned exams will be given a score of zero.)
Neatly print your name: Signature: (Note that unsigned exams will be given a score of zero.) Circle your lecture section (1 point if not circled, or circled incorrectly): Prof. Dabiri Prof. Wassgren Prof.
More informationThe effect of geometric parameters on the head loss factor in headers
Fluid Structure Interaction V 355 The effect of geometric parameters on the head loss factor in headers A. Mansourpour & S. Shayamehr Mechanical Engineering Department, Azad University of Karaj, Iran Abstract
More informationIntroduction to Marine Hydrodynamics
1896 1920 1987 2006 Introduction to Marine Hydrodynamics (NA235) Department of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering School of Naval Architecture, Ocean & Civil Engineering First Assignment The first
More informationPROPERTIES OF FLUIDS
Unit  I Chapter  PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS Solutions of Examples for Practice Example.9 : Given data : u = y y, = 8 Poise = 0.8 Pas To find : Shear stress. Step  : Calculate the shear stress at various
More informationWhat s important: viscosity Poiseuille's law Stokes' law Demo: dissipation in flow through a tube
PHYS 101 Lecture 29x  Viscosity 29x  1 Lecture 29x Viscosity (extended version) What s important: viscosity Poiseuille's law Stokes' law Demo: dissipation in flow through a tube Viscosity We introduced
More informationPipe Flow/Friction Factor Calculations using Excel Spreadsheets
Pipe Flow/Friction Factor Calculations using Excel Spreadsheets Harlan H. Bengtson, PE, PhD Emeritus Professor of Civil Engineering Southern Illinois University Edwardsville Table of Contents Introduction
More informationModelling of dispersed, multicomponent, multiphase flows in resource industries. Section 3: Examples of analyses conducted for Newtonian fluids
Modelling of dispersed, multicomponent, multiphase flows in resource industries Section 3: Examples of analyses conducted for Newtonian fluids Globex Julmester 017 Lecture # 04 July 017 Agenda Lecture
More information1. Introduction, fluid properties (1.1, 2.8, 4.1, and handouts)
1. Introduction, fluid properties (1.1, 2.8, 4.1, and handouts) Introduction, general information Course overview Fluids as a continuum Density Compressibility Viscosity Exercises: A1 Fluid mechanics Fluid
More informationHydraulics and hydrology
Hydraulics and hydrology  project exercises  Class 4 and 5 Pipe flow Discharge (Q) (called also as the volume flow rate) is the volume of fluid that passes through an area per unit time. The discharge
More informationNumerical Heat and Mass Transfer
Master Degree in Mechanical Engineering Numerical Heat and Mass Transfer 15Convective Heat Transfer Fausto Arpino f.arpino@unicas.it Introduction In conduction problems the convection entered the analysis
More informationFE Exam Fluids Review October 23, Important Concepts
FE Exam Fluids Review October 3, 013 mportant Concepts Density, specific volume, specific weight, specific gravity (Water 1000 kg/m^3, Air 1. kg/m^3) Meaning & Symbols? Stress, Pressure, Viscosity; Meaning
More informations and FE X. A. Flow measurement B. properties C. statics D. impulse, and momentum equations E. Pipe and other internal flow 7% of FE Morning Session I
Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) Exam General Section Steven Burian Civil & Environmental Engineering October 26, 2010 s and FE X. A. Flow measurement B. properties C. statics D. impulse, and momentum
More informationBOUNDARY LAYER ANALYSIS WITH NAVIERSTOKES EQUATION IN 2D CHANNEL FLOW
Proceedings of,, BOUNDARY LAYER ANALYSIS WITH NAVIERSTOKES EQUATION IN 2D CHANNEL FLOW Yunho Jang Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering University of Massachusetts Amherst, MA 01002 Email:
More information2. FLUIDFLOW EQUATIONS SPRING 2019
2. FLUIDFLOW EQUATIONS SPRING 2019 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Conservative differential equations 2.3 Nonconservative differential equations 2.4 Nondimensionalisation Summary Examples 2.1 Introduction Fluid
More informationUNIT II CONVECTION HEAT TRANSFER
UNIT II CONVECTION HEAT TRANSFER Convection is the mode of heat transfer between a surface and a fluid moving over it. The energy transfer in convection is predominately due to the bulk motion of the fluid
More informationMasters in Mechanical Engineering. Problems of incompressible viscous flow. 2µ dx y(y h)+ U h y 0 < y < h,
Masters in Mechanical Engineering Problems of incompressible viscous flow 1. Consider the laminar Couette flow between two infinite flat plates (lower plate (y = 0) with no velocity and top plate (y =
More informationREE 307 Fluid Mechanics II. Lecture 1. Sep 27, Dr./ Ahmed Mohamed Nagib Elmekawy. Zewail City for Science and Technology
REE 307 Fluid Mechanics II Lecture 1 Sep 27, 2017 Dr./ Ahmed Mohamed Nagib Elmekawy Zewail City for Science and Technology Course Materials drahmednagib.com 2 COURSE OUTLINE Fundamental of Flow in pipes
More informationMicroscopic Momentum Balance Equation (NavierStokes)
CM3110 Transport I Part I: Fluid Mechanics Microscopic Momentum Balance Equation (NavierStokes) Professor Faith Morrison Department of Chemical Engineering Michigan Technological University 1 Microscopic
More information1. Introduction, tensors, kinematics
1. Introduction, tensors, kinematics Content: Introduction to fluids, Cartesian tensors, vector algebra using tensor notation, operators in tensor form, Eulerian and Lagrangian description of scalar and
More informationAerodynamics. Basic Aerodynamics. Continuity equation (mass conserved) Some thermodynamics. Energy equation (energy conserved)
Flow with no friction (inviscid) Aerodynamics Basic Aerodynamics Continuity equation (mass conserved) Flow with friction (viscous) Momentum equation (F = ma) 1. Euler s equation 2. Bernoulli s equation
More informationFLUID MECHANICS. Dynamics of Viscous Fluid Flow in Closed Pipe: DarcyWeisbach equation for flow in pipes. Major and minor losses in pipe lines.
FLUID MECHANICS Dynamics of iscous Fluid Flow in Closed Pipe: DarcyWeisbach equation for flow in pipes. Major and minor losses in pipe lines. Dr. Mohsin Siddique Assistant Professor Steady Flow Through
More informationREE Internal Fluid Flow Sheet 2  Solution Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics
REE 307  Internal Fluid Flow Sheet 2  Solution Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics 1. Is the following flows physically possible, that is, satisfy the continuity equation? Substitute the expressions for
More informationFLUID MECHANICS. Chapter 9 Flow over Immersed Bodies
FLUID MECHANICS Chapter 9 Flow over Immersed Bodies CHAP 9. FLOW OVER IMMERSED BODIES CONTENTS 9.1 General External Flow Characteristics 9.3 Drag 9.4 Lift 9.1 General External Flow Characteristics 9.1.1
More informationV (r,t) = i ˆ u( x, y,z,t) + ˆ j v( x, y,z,t) + k ˆ w( x, y, z,t)
IV. DIFFERENTIAL RELATIONS FOR A FLUID PARTICLE This chapter presents the development and application of the basic differential equations of fluid motion. Simplifications in the general equations and common
More informationCONVECTIVE HEAT TRANSFER
CONVECTIVE HEAT TRANSFER Mohammad Goharkhah Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sahand Unversity of Technology, Tabriz, Iran CHAPTER 3 LAMINAR BOUNDARY LAYER FLOW LAMINAR BOUNDARY LAYER FLOW Boundary
More information1 FLUIDS AND THEIR PROPERTIES
FLUID MECHANICS CONTENTS CHAPTER DESCRIPTION PAGE NO 1 FLUIDS AND THEIR PROPERTIES PART A NOTES 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Fluids 1.3 Newton s Law of Viscosity 1.4 The Continuum Concept of a Fluid 1.5 Types
More informationProf. Scalo Prof. Vlachos Prof. Ardekani Prof. Dabiri 08:30 09:20 A.M 10:30 11:20 A.M. 1:30 2:20 P.M. 3:30 4:20 P.M.
Page 1 Neatly print your name: Signature: (Note that unsigned exams will be given a score of zero.) Circle your lecture section (1 point if not circled, or circled incorrectly): Prof. Scalo Prof. Vlachos
More informationExperiment To determine the coefficient of impact for vanes. Experiment To determine the coefficient of discharge of an orifice meter.
SUBJECT: FLUID MECHANICS VIVA QUESTIONS (M.E 4 th SEM) Experiment To determine the coefficient of impact for vanes. Q1. Explain impulse momentum principal. Ans1. Momentum equation is based on Newton s
More informationStudy fluid dynamics. Understanding Bernoulli s Equation.
Chapter Objectives Study fluid dynamics. Understanding Bernoulli s Equation. Chapter Outline 1. Fluid Flow. Bernoulli s Equation 3. Viscosity and Turbulence 1. Fluid Flow An ideal fluid is a fluid that
More informationBACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (COMPUTER INTEGRATED MANUFACTURING)
No. of Printed Pages : 6 BME028 BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (COMPUTER INTEGRATED MANUFACTURING) TermEnd Examination December, 2011 00792 BME028 : FLUID MECHANICS Time : 3 hours
More informationME 309 Fluid Mechanics Fall 2010 Exam 2 1A. 1B.
Fall 010 Exam 1A. 1B. Fall 010 Exam 1C. Water is flowing through a 180º bend. The inner and outer radii of the bend are 0.75 and 1.5 m, respectively. The velocity profile is approximated as C/r where C
More informationChemical Engineering 374
Chemical Engineering 374 Fluid Mechanics Exam 3 Review 1 Spiritual Thought 2 Ether 12:27 6 And now, I, Moroni, would speak somewhat concerning these things; I would show unto the world that faith is things
More informationViscous Fluids. Amanda Meier. December 14th, 2011
Viscous Fluids Amanda Meier December 14th, 2011 Abstract Fluids are represented by continuous media described by mass density, velocity and pressure. An Eulerian description of uids focuses on the transport
More informationFundamental Concepts of Convection : Flow and Thermal Considerations. Chapter Six and Appendix D Sections 6.1 through 6.8 and D.1 through D.
Fundamental Concepts of Convection : Flow and Thermal Considerations Chapter Six and Appendix D Sections 6.1 through 6.8 and D.1 through D.3 6.1 Boundary Layers: Physical Features Velocity Boundary Layer
More informationME3560 Tentative Schedule Spring 2019
ME3560 Tentative Schedule Spring 2019 Week Number Date Lecture Topics Covered Prior to Lecture Read Section Assignment Prep Problems for Prep Probs. Must be Solved by 1 Monday 1/7/2019 1 Introduction to
More informationInternal Forced Convection. Copyright The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.
Internal Forced Convection Copyright The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Introduction Pipe circular cross section. Duct noncircular cross section. Tubes smalldiameter
More information