# Geometry Final Exam 2014 Study Guide. Name Date Block

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2 Geometry Final Exam 014 Study Guide Page Practice questions: 1) In your own words, describe inductive reasoning: ) In your own words, described deductive reasoning: 3) Every multiple of is even. 56 is a multiple of. Therefore, 56 is even. a) The statement is an example of reasoning. b) The statement uses the law of. (detachment or syllogism) 4) Every Friday, we go to a restaurant for dinner. Today is Friday. a) What is a logical conclusion? b) The reasoning used to make the conclusion is the law of.(detachment or syllogism). 5) Every Friday, we go to a restaurant for dinner. If we go to a restaurant, we get dessert. a) What is a logical conclusion? b) The reasoning used to make the conclusion is the law of.(detachment or syllogism). 6) Given the statement ~ a ~ b a) Write the converse of the statement b) Write the inverse of the statement c) Write the contrapositive of the statement 7) Draw Euler diagrams for the following situations: a) Some dogs are floppy-eared. b) No cats are calico and male. c) All parallelograms are quadrilaterals. 8) Decide which statements are bidirectional: a) If two angles are vertical, then they are congruent. b) If a quadrilateral is a square, then it is a rhombus. c) If two lines are parallel, then corresponding angles are congruent. d) If a triangle is equilateral, then it is isosceles. e) If an angle measures 90 o, then it is a right angle.

3 Geometry Final Exam 014 Study Guide Page 3 9) Use the diagram (not drawn to scale) to answer the questions: a) Find the value of x that makes the lines parallel if m 1 10x 7 and m 4 13x 14 b) Find the value of x that makes the lines parallel if m6 3x 17 and m 3 3x 9 10) Find the values of x and y. 11) Fill in the reasons for the proof: Given: 1 3 Prove: 1 4 Statement: Reason: 1) 1 3 1) l m ) 1 ; ) 3 4 3) 1 4 3) 1) Fill in the reasons for the proof: Given: AB DB ; AC DC Prove: BC bisects Statement: ACD Reason: 1) AB DB ; AC DC 1) ) CB CB ) 3) ABC DBC 3) 4) ACB DCB 4) 5) BC bisects ACD 5)

4 Geometry Final Exam 014 Study Guide Page 4 13) Fill in the reasons for the proof: Given: Prove: Statement: AB CD ; AB CD A D 1) AB CD ; AB CD Reason: 1) ) ABC DCB ) 3) BC BC 3) 4) ABC DCB 4) 5) A D 5) 14) Given the figures, what theorem can be used to prove the triangles congruent? a) b) 15) Find x give the triangles are similar. 16) Which similarity theorem can be used to show PRQ ~ SRT? 17) Given: PQ BC. Find QC.

5 18) Find the measures of the numbered angles in the parallelogram. Geometry Final Exam 014 Study Guide Page 5 19) What is the smallest possible integer value for n for the triangle at right? 0) Two sides of a triangle measure 8 and 1. Describe the range of possible valid values for the third side. 1) Find the values of the variables. a) b) ) Given the triangles are similar, find the values of the variables. 3) In the diagram, AB DE, A D, and B E. What theorem/postulate can be used to prove ABC DEF?

6 Geometry Final Exam 014 Study Guide Page 6 4) Given the figure, m BCD 6x, m BAC 3x 15, and m m ABC x 1. What is the value of x? 5) In the diagram, ABC ~ DEF. Find the value of x. 6) A garden is represented in the figure at right. What is the length of the walkway? 7) A tree casts a 5-foot shadow on a sunny day. If the angle of elevation from the tip of the shadow to the top of the tree is 3 o, what is the height of the tree to the nearest tenth of a foot? 8) Find the measures of angles A and B to the nearest tenth of a degree. 9) In right triangle ABC, AB = 0, AC = 1, BC = 16, and m C 90. Find, to the nearest degree, the measure of A.

7 Geometry Final Exam 014 Study Guide Page 7 30) As shown in the diagram below, a ladder 5 feet long leans against a wall and makes an angle of 65 o with the ground. Find, to the nearest tenth of a foot, the distance from the wall to the base of the ladder. 31) Write an equation of a line that passes through point (1, 4) and is parallel to the line y x 5. 3) Write an equation of a line that passes through point (3, -) and is perpendicular to the line that passes through points (4, -3) and (-10, 4). 33) What is the measure of an interior angle of a regular pentagon? 34) What is the measure of an exterior angle of a regular nonagon? 35) An interior angle of a regular n-gon measures 150 o. How many sides does the polygon have? 36) A playground in a local community consists of a rectangle and two semicircles, as shown in the diagram. What amount of fencing, in yards, would be needed to completely enclose the playground? Express your answer in terms of π. 37) What is the area of the figure, to the nearest square centimeter?

8 38) The diagonals of a square are 10 feet long. What is the area of the square? Geometry Final Exam 014 Study Guide Page 8 39) Find x in simplest radical form. 40) In ABC, C is the right angle, m A 3, and AC = 10 feet. Find BC to the nearest hundredth. 41) The given circle O has radius r. What is the length of OB in terms of r in simplest radical form? 4) The area of a square is 18. What is the longest straight line that can be drawn between any two points of the square? 43) Write the standard form of the equation of the line passing through the point (5, ) and parallel to the line x 3y 6. 44) In the figure, AB DC. What are the measures of A and B? 45) Find x. 46) What values of a and b make the quadrilateral a parallelogram?

9 Geometry Final Exam 014 Study Guide Page 9 47) In the rhombus shown at right, m CBE 60 and BC=1. Find the area of the rhombus in simplest radical form. 48) Isosceles trapezoid ABCD has diagonals AC and BD. If AC 5x 13 and BD 11x 5, what is the value of x? 49) The diagonals of a rhombus are 10 and 4. Find the perimeter of the rhombus. 50) In quadrilateral PRST, the perimeter is 49. PR x, RS x 3, ST x 4, and TP 3x. Find the length of the shortest side of the quadrilateral. 51) EF is the median (midsegment) of trapezoid ABCD. If EF = 5 and AD = 40, find BC. 5) The measures of angles A and B of parallelogram ABCD are in the ratio of :7. Find m A. 53) The opposite sides of a parallelogram are represented by x 10and 5x 0. Find the length of the side of the parallelogram represented by 4x 1. 54) In the given diagram of a parallelogram, m 1 45 and m DCB 10. What is m? 55) Line segment AB has endpoints A(, -3) and B(-4, 6). What are the coordinates of the midpoint of AB? 56) In circle O, a diameter has endpoints (-5, 4) and (3, -6). What is the length of the radius, to the nearest tenth?

10 Geometry Final Exam 014 Study Guide Page 10 57) Point M(, 1) is the midpoint of segment AB. If the coordinates of endpoint A are A(7, -1), find the coordinates of endpoint B. 58) What transformation is shown in the diagram? 59) Two transformations were performed on ABC to form A' ' B'' C'', shown in the diagram. Name the two transformations. 60) ABC has vertices A(-, ), B(4, ), and C(1, 6). Is the triangle isosceles, right, equilateral, or scalene? 61) Trapezoid NATS has vertices N(-5, 0), A(5, 0), T (3, 3) and S (-3, 3). Is the trapezoid isosceles? Explain why or why not. 6) What is the image of point A(4,) after rotating it 90 o and then reflecting it over y x?

11 63) On the set of axes shown, Geoff drew rectangle ABCD. He will transform the rectangle by using the translation x, y x, y 1 and then will reflect the translated figure over the x-axis. What will the area of the rectangle be after these transformations? Geometry Final Exam 014 Study Guide Page 11 64) The endpoints of segment AB are A(3, ) and B(7, 1). If segment A''B''is the result of first transforming segment AB by translating it by vector <-4, 3> and then dilating it with scale factor, what are the coordinates of A'' and B''? 65) The point (3, ) is rotated 180 about the origin and then dilated by a scale factor of 4. coordinates of the resulting image? What are the 66) How many lines of symmetry do the figures have? a) b) c) d) 67) a) Name uppercase English letters that show vertical line symmetry b) Name uppercase English letters that show horizontal line symmetry c) Name uppercase English letters that show both horizontal and line symmetry at the same time. 68) Circle O has radius OC with length 5 cm. Chord AB is 8 cm and is perpendicular to OC at point P. What is the length of OP in centimeters?

12 Geometry Final Exam 014 Study Guide Page 1 69) What transformation is shown that transforms RST to R' S' T'? 70) In the diagram, circle O has a radius of 5, and CE =. Diameter AC is perpendicular to chord BD at E. What is BD? 71) Tangents PA and PB are drawn to circle O from an external point, P, and radii OA and OB are drawn. If m APB 40, what is the measure of AOB? 7) Fill in the missing reasons for the proof: Given: PAand PB are tangents to circle O; Prove: OA and OB are radii of the circle. PA PB, APB BPA, POA POB Statement: Reason: 1) PAand PB are tangents to circle O; OA and OB are radii of the circle 1) ) PAO and PBO are right angles ) 3) PAO PBO 3) 4) PO PO 4) 5) OA OB 5) 6) POA POB 6) 7) PA PB, APB BPA, POA POB 7) 73) In the diagram of circle O, chords AB and CD intersect at E. What is the measure of arc BD?

13 Geometry Final Exam 014 Study Guide Page 13 74) In the circle shown, the measure of arc QT = 140 o and m P 40. What is the measure of arc RS? 75) In the diagram of circle O, chords AB and CD intersect at E. If CE=10, ED = 6, and AE = 4, what is EB? 76) In circle O, diameter AB is perpendicular to chord CD at point E, OA = 6, and OE =. What is CE in simplest radical form? 77) Find m RAD. 78) In the diagram of PAO, AP is tangent to circle O at point A, OB = 7, and BP = 18. Find AP. 79) Find the value of CD if AB = 8, BC = 10, and CE = 15.

14 Geometry Final Exam 014 Study Guide Page 14 80) In circle O, the measure of arc BC = 50 o. What is the measure of BAC? 81) Find the value of x. 8) A circle is divided into six equal pieces (slices). The area of one of the regions is 6π. What is the circumference of the circle (answer in terms of π)? 83) Given circle O where chord OC is perpendicular to chord AB. If the radius of the circle is 17 and OC = 8, find the length of AB. 84) In circle O, AB = CD and the segments are perpendicular as marked. Find x. 85) In the figure, AC is a diameter, and the length of arc AB is 3π. What is the area of the circle? Answer in terms of π. 86) AB is tangent to circle O at A (not drawn to scale). Find the length of the x. 87) Segment AP is tangent to circle O. Find the value of x if PB = 3 and BC = 9.

15 Geometry Final Exam 014 Study Guide Page 15 88) Line RB is tangent to circle A at point B. BD is a diameter. Find m CBR. 89) In the figure, line AB is tangent to circle O at point A. The measure of arc AC = 70 o and the measure of arc CD = 110 o. Find m ABC. 90) In the circle, the measure of arc PR=140 o and m RPQ 50. Find the measure of arc PQ. Then find the m PRQ. 91) Find the area of circle C. Answer in terms of π. 9) The circle has a radius of 4. The length of the arc of the shaded part of the circle is Find the area of the sector.

16 Geometry Final Exam 014 Study Guide Page 16 93) Find the area of the shaded sector of circle O. The radius of the circle is 6 inches, and the central angle of the sector is 100 o. Round to the nearest tenth. 94) A cathedral window is built in the shape of a semicircle as shown. If the window is to contain three stained glass sections of equal size, what is the area of each stained glass section? Round to the nearest square foot. 95) Find the area of the shaded segment of circle O to the nearest tenth of a square unit. The radius of the circle is 6 units. The perpendicular from O to the chord joining point A to point B measures 4 units. 96) Alison is jogging on a circular track that has a radius of 140 feet. She runs along the track from point R to point N, a distance of 30 feet. Find, to the nearest degree, the measure of minor arc RN. 97) In circle O, the radius is 4, and the measure of minor arc AB is 10 o. Find the length of minor arc AB to the nearest integer. 98) When she is outdoors, Tasha, the dog, is tied to a stake in the center of a circular area of radius 4 feet. The angle between her dog house and her favorite hydrant is 165 degrees. What is the length of the arc from her dog house to the hydrant, following minor arc DG, to the nearest foot. 99) In circle O, the radius is 4, and the length of minor arc AB is 4. feet. Find the measure of minor arc AB to the nearest degree.

17 100) Write an equation of a circle with center (1, -3) and radius 5. Geometry Final Exam 014 Study Guide Page ) What is the equation of a circle whose diameter is 4 and whose center is at the origin? 10) What are the coordinates of the centers of the following circles? What is the length of the radius? a) x 3 y 4 16 b) x y ) True or false: the point (1, ) is on the circle whose equation is y 1 10 x. 104) The center of a circle represented by equation y x is located in which quadrant? 105) Graph the circle x 3 y ) Write an equation of the graph of the circle shown: 107) What is the center and radius of the circle represented by x y 4x 6y 8 0? (HINT: Convert to center-radius form by completing the square) 108) A rhombus has an area of 4 m with one of the diagonals 6 m. How long is each side of the rhombus?

18 109) A right triangular prism has the dimensions shown. What is the lateral area of the prism? Geometry Final Exam 014 Study Guide Page ) The volume of two cubes is in the ratio of 8 to 64. What is the ratio of the surface areas of the two cubes? 111) How does the area of a rectangle change if its length is doubled and its width is unchanged? 11) The coordinates of the vertices of a rectangle are (-3, 5), (-3, -4), (,5), and (, -4). Find the area of this figure. 113) Find the area of the figures. a) Answer in simplest radical form: b) The figure is a regular pentagon: c) Circle with diameter 8 (answer in terms of π) d) The figure is a parallelogram: e) The figure is a trapezoid: f) The figure is a rhombus where AB=5 4 and AC = 8: ) A parallelogram has a height that is in. less than the length of the base. The area of the parallelogram is 48 in. Find the height.

19 Geometry Final Exam 014 Study Guide Page ) The floor of a dining room is in the shape of a series of regular octagons. One octagon has a side length of about 9 feet and an area of about 100 square feet. Find the area of a smaller octagon, to the nearest foot, that has a perimeter of about 4 feet. 116) Find the volume of the figures: a) The figure is a right cylinder. Answer in terms of π. b) The figure is a right square pyramid. c) The figure is a right cone. d) The figure is a right trapezoidal prism. 3 ft 3 ft 9 ft e) A right cylinder with length 4 ft and diameter 10 feet. Answer in terms of π. 5 ft f) A sphere with radius 3 ft. Answer in terms of π. 117) Find the surface area of the figures: a) The figure is a right cone. b) The figure is a right cylinder. Answer in terms of π. c) The figure is a sphere. Answer in terms of π. d) The figure is a right rectangular prism. 18 m e) A square pyramid with a slant height of 18 cm and a lateral area of 16 cm. Find total surface area. f) Find the lateral area of the prism. Answer in terms of π. 118) Two rectangular prisms are similar. The measures of two corresponding sides are 4 cm and 5 cm. What is the ratio of the volumes of the prisms?

20 119) If the surface area of a sphere 144π units, what is its volume in terms of π? Geometry Final Exam 014 Study Guide Page 0 10) Construct using only a compass and straight edge: a) a segment congruent to the given segment: b) a perpendicular bisector to the given segment: c) a perpendicular line through the point on the segment: d) a perpendicular line through the given point to the given segment: e) an angle congruent to the given angle: f) a bisector to the given angle: g) a parallel line to the given line through the given point: h) a 30 o angle

21 Geometry Final Exam 014 Study Guide Page 1 Answer Key: 1) Answers may vary but should indicate that inductive reasoning is based on observations that form a pattern. 4) a) We will go to a restaurant b) detachment 7) a) b) ) Answers may vary but should indicate that deductive reason uses logic to draw conclusions based on accepted statements. 5) a) Every Friday, we get dessert. b) syllogism 3) a) deductive b) detachment 6) a) ~b ~a b) a b c) b a 8) c and e 9) a) x = 7 b) x = 3 c) 10) x = 4; y = 35 11) 1) Given ) Vertical <s are 3) Transitive or Substitution prop. 13) 1) Given ) alt int <s of lines are 3) Reflexive thm of 4) SAS 5) CPCTC 14) a) AAS (ASA okay, too) b) HL 1) 1) Given ) Reflexive thm of 3) SSS 4) CPCTC 5) Def. of < bisector 15) x=15 16) AA 17) 1 18) m 1=19; m =8; m 3=133 19) n = 8 0) 4 < x < 0 1) a) h = 30 b) x=4.8; y=6.4, z= 3.6 ) x=3.75; y=9.75 3) ASA 4) x=1 5) x = 3 6) 17 ft 7) 15.6 ft 8) m A =8.1 o ; m B = 61.9 o 9) 53 o 30).1 ft 31) y = x + 3) y = x ) 108 o 34) 40 35) 1 36) 15π ) 37 cm 38) 50 ft 39) 3 40) 6.5 ft 4) 6 r 41) 43) x - 3y = 4 44) m A =130 o, m B = 50 o 45) 6 o 46) a = 5, b = 1 47) 7 3 units 48) x=3 49) 5 units 50) 6 51) BC = 10 5) 40 o 53) 39 54) 15 o 55) (-1, 3/) 56) ) B(-3, 3) 58) reflection over x-axis 59) rotation, dilation 60) isosceles 61) yes; non-parallel sides 6) (4, -) 63) 8 units AT & NS are same length 64) A (-, 10), B (6, 8) 65) (-1, 8) 66) a) 1 b) c) none d) infinite (any diameter) 67) a) A H I M O T U V W X Y 68) OP = 3 cm 69) 180 o rotation (or point reflection) b) B C D E H I K O X c) H I O X

22 Geometry Final Exam 014 Study Guide Page 70) 8 71) 140 o 7) 1) Given ) Tangents to a circle form rt angles with a radius 3) All rt angles are 4) Reflexive thm of 5) radii of same circle 6) HL 7) CPCTC 73) 18 o 74) 60 o 75) 15 76) 4 77) 16 o 78) 4 79) 1 80) 5 o 81) 8 8) 1π 83) AB = 30 84) x = 9 85) 81π 86) x = 10 87) x = 6 88) 65 o 89) 55 o 90) 10 o ; 60 o 91) 16π 9) 15.7 units 93) 31.4 in 94) 3 ft 95) 1.4 units 96) 94 o 97) 8 98) 69 ft 99) 60 o 100) (x-1) +(y+3) =5 101) x +y =144 10) a) (-3, 5); r=4 b) (0, -7), r ) true 104) quadrant IV 105) 106) (x-) +(y+5) =9 107) (, 3); 5 108) 5 m 109) 10 in 110) 1:4 111) it is doubled 11) 45 units 113) a) 16 3 in b) 600 cm 114) 6 in c) 16 π units d) 4 units e) 144 units f) 4 units 115) 11 ft 116) a) 490π in 3 b) 48 ft 3 c) 100π ft 3 d) 108 ft 3 e) 600π ft 3 f) 36π ft 3 117) a) 90 π in b) 414π in c) 196π m d) 47 in e) 5 cm f) 100π in 118) 64:15 119) 88 π units 3 10) (self check)

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