Functions of Several Variables


 Arnold Johns
 3 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 Functions of Severl Vribles Sketching Level Curves Sections Prtil Derivtives on every open set on which f nd the prtils, 2 f y = 2 f y re continuous. Norml Vector x, y, 2 f y, 2 f y n = ± (x 0,y 0) (x 0,y 0) y 1 Error Estimtion Chin Rules f(x 0 + x, y 0 + y) f(x 0, y 0 ) + Exmple, z = f(x, y) with x = x(t), y = y(t) [ ] [ ] (x 0, y 0 ) x + y (x 0, y 0 ) y f x t y t df dt = dx dt + y dy dt Integrtion Integrtion by Prts Integrte the chin rule, u(x)v(x) = u (x)v(x) dx + v (x)u(x) dx 1
2 Integrtion of Trig Functions For sin 2 x dx nd cos 2 x dx remember tht, cos 2x = cos 2 x sin 2 x Integrls of the form cos m x sin n x dx, when m or n re odd, you cn fctorise using cos 2 x + sin x = 1 nd then using, sin k x cos x dx = 1 k + 1 sink+1 x + C cos k x sin x dx = 1 k + 1 cosk+1 x + C Reduction Formule... Prtil Frctions Exmple, ssume 2x 1 (x + 3)(x + 2) 2 = A x Bx + C (x + 2) 2 Now multiply both sides by (x + 2)(x + 3) nd equte coefficients. ODE s Seprble ODE Seprte then integrte. Liner ODE hs solution, dy + f(x)y = g(x) dx y(x) = 1 [ u(x) ] u(x)g(x) dx + C u(x) := e R f(x) dx Exct ODE or s, is exct when, Assume solution is of the form, with, dy y) = M(x, dx N(x, y) M(x, y)dx + N(x, y)dy = 0 M = F M y = N F (x, y) = c N = F y Integrte to find two equtions equl to F (x, y), then compre nd find solution from ssumed form. 2
3 Second Order ODE s y + y + by = f(x) For the homogeneous cse (f(x) = 0) the chrcteristic eqution will be λ 2 + bλ + c = 0 If the chrcteristic eqution hs, Two Distinct Rel roots, (replce the λ s with the solutions to the chrcteristic eqn.) Repeted Rel roots, Complex roots, For the For the homogeneous cse, y = Ae λx + Be λx y = Ae λx + Bxe λx y = e αx (A cos βx + B sin βx) λ = α ± βi y = y h + y p y = solution to homogeneous cse + prticulr solution Guess something tht is in the sme form s the RHS. If f(x) = P (x) cos x(or sin) guess for y p is Q 1 (x) cos x + Q 2 (x) sin x Tylor Series Tylor Polynomils For differentible function f the Tylor polynomil of order n t x = is, Tylor s Theorem Sequences P n (x) = f() + f ()(x ) + f () 2! f(x) = f() + f ()(x ) + f () 2! (x ) f (n) () (x ) n n! (x ) f (n) () (x ) n + R n (x) n! R n (x) = f (n+1) (c) (x )n+1 (n + 1)! lim f(x) = L = lim x n = L n essentilly sys tht when evluting limits functions nd sequences re identicl. A sequence diverges when lim n = ± or lim n does not exist. n n Infinite Series Telscoping Series Most of the terms cncel out. 3
4 nth term test (shows divergence) n diverges if lim n fils to exist or is nonzero. n Integrl Test Drw picture. Use when you cn esily find the integrl. p series The infinite series Comprison Test Compre to pseries. Limit form of Comprison Test n 1 converges if p > 1 nd diverges otherwise. np Look t lim where b n is usully pseries. n b n If = c > 0, then n nd b n both converge or both diverge. If = 0 nd b n converges, then n converges. If = nd b n diverges, then n diverges. Rtio Test The series converges if ρ < 1, the series diverges if ρ > 1 or ρ is infinite, nd the test is inconclusive if ρ = 1. n+1 lim = ρ n n Alternting Series Test The series, converges if, ( 1) n+1 u n = u 1 u 2 + u 3 u The u n s re ll > 0, 2. u n u n+1 for ll n N for some integer N, nd 3. u n 0. Absolute Convergence If n converges, then Tylor Series n converges. Tylor Polynomils consist of dding finite number of things together, wheres Tylor Series is n infinite sum. The Mclurin series is the Tylor series t x = 0. 4
5 Power Series More Clculus Averge Vlue of Function b f(x) dx b Arc Length Arc length over [, b] = b 1 + f (x) 2 dx s = b x (t) 2 + y (t) 2 dt (prmetric) Speed ds dt = x (t) 2 + y (t) 2 Surfce Are of Revolution 2π b 2π b f(x) 1 + f (x) 2 dx y(t) x (t) 2 + y (t) 2 dt (prmetric) 5
Math 100 Review Sheet
Mth 100 Review Sheet Joseph H. Silvermn December 2010 This outline of Mth 100 is summry of the mteril covered in the course. It is designed to be study id, but it is only n outline nd should be used s
More information. Doubleangle formulas. Your answer should involve trig functions of θ, and not of 2θ. sin 2 (θ) =
Review of some needed Trig. Identities for Integrtion. Your nswers should be n ngle in RADIANS. rccos( 1 ) = π rccos(  1 ) = 2π 2 3 2 3 rcsin( 1 ) = π rcsin(  1 ) = π 2 6 2 6 Cn you do similr problems?
More information. Doubleangle formulas. Your answer should involve trig functions of θ, and not of 2θ. cos(2θ) = sin(2θ) =.
Review of some needed Trig Identities for Integrtion Your nswers should be n ngle in RADIANS rccos( 1 2 ) = rccos(  1 2 ) = rcsin( 1 2 ) = rcsin(  1 2 ) = Cn you do similr problems? Review of Bsic Concepts
More informationDisclaimer: This Final Exam Study Guide is meant to help you start studying. It is not necessarily a complete list of everything you need to know.
Disclimer: This is ment to help you strt studying. It is not necessrily complete list of everything you need to know. The MTH 33 finl exm minly consists of stndrd response questions where students must
More informationf(a+h) f(a) x a h 0. This is the rate at which
M408S Concept Inventory smple nswers These questions re openended, nd re intended to cover the min topics tht we lerned in M408S. These re not crnkoutnnswer problems! (There re plenty of those in the
More informationMath 113 Fall Final Exam Review. 2. Applications of Integration Chapter 6 including sections and section 6.8
Mth 3 Fll 0 The scope of the finl exm will include: Finl Exm Review. Integrls Chpter 5 including sections 5. 5.7, 5.0. Applictions of Integrtion Chpter 6 including sections 6. 6.5 nd section 6.8 3. Infinite
More informationMath 3B Final Review
Mth 3B Finl Review Written by Victori Kl vtkl@mth.ucsb.edu SH 6432u Office Hours: R 9:4510:45m SH 1607 Mth Lb Hours: TR 12pm Lst updted: 12/06/14 This is continution of the midterm review. Prctice problems
More information1 Techniques of Integration
November 8, 8 MAT86 Week Justin Ko Techniques of Integrtion. Integrtion By Substitution (Chnge of Vribles) We cn think of integrtion by substitution s the counterprt of the chin rule for differentition.
More informationAP Calculus Multiple Choice: BC Edition Solutions
AP Clculus Multiple Choice: BC Edition Solutions J. Slon Mrch 8, 04 ) 0 dx ( x) is A) B) C) D) E) Divergent This function inside the integrl hs verticl symptotes t x =, nd the integrl bounds contin this
More informationMath& 152 Section Integration by Parts
Mth& 5 Section 7.  Integrtion by Prts Integrtion by prts is rule tht trnsforms the integrl of the product of two functions into other (idelly simpler) integrls. Recll from Clculus I tht given two differentible
More informationFinal Review, Math 1860 Thomas Calculus Early Transcendentals, 12 ed
Finl Review, Mth 860 Thoms Clculus Erly Trnscendentls, 2 ed 6. Applictions of Integrtion: 5.6 (Review Section 5.6) Are between curves y = f(x) nd y = g(x), x b is f(x) g(x) dx nd similrly for x = f(y)
More informationCalculus II: Integrations and Series
Clculus II: Integrtions nd Series August 7, 200 Integrls Suppose we hve generl function y = f(x) For simplicity, let f(x) > 0 nd f(x) continuous Denote F (x) = re under the grph of f in the intervl [,x]
More informationChapter One: Calculus Revisited
Chpter One: Clculus Revisited 1 Clculus of Single Vrible Question in your mind: How do you understnd the essentil concepts nd theorems in Clculus? Two bsic concepts in Clculus re differentition nd integrtion
More informationThe final exam will take place on Friday May 11th from 8am 11am in Evans room 60.
Mth 104: finl informtion The finl exm will tke plce on Fridy My 11th from 8m 11m in Evns room 60. The exm will cover ll prts of the course with equl weighting. It will cover Chpters 1 5, 7 15, 17 21, 23
More informationPhysics 116C Solution of inhomogeneous ordinary differential equations using Green s functions
Physics 6C Solution of inhomogeneous ordinry differentil equtions using Green s functions Peter Young November 5, 29 Homogeneous Equtions We hve studied, especilly in long HW problem, second order liner
More informationFinal Exam Review. [Top Bottom]dx =
Finl Exm Review Are Between Curves See 7.1 exmples 1, 2, 4, 5 nd exerises 133 (odd) The re of the region bounded by the urves y = f(x), y = g(x), nd the lines x = nd x = b, where f nd g re ontinuous nd
More informationMA Exam 2 Study Guide, Fall u n du (or the integral of linear combinations
LESSON 0 Chpter 7.2 Trigonometric Integrls. Bsic trig integrls you should know. sin = cos + C cos = sin + C sec 2 = tn + C sec tn = sec + C csc 2 = cot + C csc cot = csc + C MA 6200 Em 2 Study Guide, Fll
More informationChapter 7 Notes, Stewart 8e. 7.1 Integration by Parts Trigonometric Integrals Evaluating sin m x cos n (x) dx...
Contents 7.1 Integrtion by Prts................................... 2 7.2 Trigonometric Integrls.................................. 8 7.2.1 Evluting sin m x cos n (x)......................... 8 7.2.2 Evluting
More informationMATH 1080: Calculus of One Variable II Fall 2017 Textbook: Single Variable Calculus: Early Transcendentals, 7e, by James Stewart.
MATH 1080: Clculus of One Vrile II Fll 2017 Textook: Single Vrile Clculus: Erly Trnscendentls, 7e, y Jmes Stewrt Unit 2 Skill Set Importnt: Students should expect test questions tht require synthesis of
More informationImproper Integrals. Type I Improper Integrals How do we evaluate an integral such as
Improper Integrls Two different types of integrls cn qulify s improper. The first type of improper integrl (which we will refer to s Type I) involves evluting n integrl over n infinite region. In the grph
More informationSection 7.1 Integration by Substitution
Section 7. Integrtion by Substitution Evlute ech of the following integrls. Keep in mind tht using substitution my not work on some problems. For one of the definite integrls, it is not possible to find
More informationChapter 8: Methods of Integration
Chpter 8: Methods of Integrtion Bsic Integrls 8. Note: We hve the following list of Bsic Integrls p p+ + c, for p sec tn + c p + ln + c sec tn sec + c e e + c tn ln sec + c ln + c sec ln sec + tn + c ln
More informationA REVIEW OF CALCULUS CONCEPTS FOR JDEP 384H. Thomas Shores Department of Mathematics University of Nebraska Spring 2007
A REVIEW OF CALCULUS CONCEPTS FOR JDEP 384H Thoms Shores Deprtment of Mthemtics University of Nebrsk Spring 2007 Contents Rtes of Chnge nd Derivtives 1 Dierentils 4 Are nd Integrls 5 Multivrite Clculus
More informationFirst midterm topics Second midterm topics End of quarter topics. Math 3B Review. Steve. 18 March 2009
Mth 3B Review Steve 18 Mrch 2009 About the finl Fridy Mrch 20, 3pm6pm, Lkretz 110 No notes, no book, no clcultor Ten questions Five review questions (Chpters 6,7,8) Five new questions (Chpters 9,10) No
More informationThe Riemann Integral
Deprtment of Mthemtics King Sud University 20172018 Tble of contents 1 Antiderivtive Function nd Indefinite Integrls 2 3 4 5 Indefinite Integrls & Antiderivtive Function Definition Let f : I R be function
More informationIntegration Techniques
Integrtion Techniques. Integrtion of Trigonometric Functions Exmple. Evlute cos x. Recll tht cos x = cos x. Hence, cos x Exmple. Evlute = ( + cos x) = (x + sin x) + C = x + 4 sin x + C. cos 3 x. Let u
More informationMATH , Calculus 2, Fall 2018
MATH 362, 363 Clculus 2, Fll 28 The FUNdmentl Theorem of Clculus Sections 5.4 nd 5.5 This worksheet focuses on the most importnt theorem in clculus. In fct, the Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus (FTC is rgubly
More informationSpace Curves. Recall the parametric equations of a curve in xyplane and compare them with parametric equations of a curve in space.
Clculus 3 Li Vs Spce Curves Recll the prmetric equtions of curve in xyplne nd compre them with prmetric equtions of curve in spce. Prmetric curve in plne x = x(t) y = y(t) Prmetric curve in spce x = x(t)
More information( ) Same as above but m = f x = f x  symmetric to yaxis. find where f ( x) Relative: Find where f ( x) x a + lim exists ( lim f exists.
AP Clculus Finl Review Sheet solutions When you see the words This is wht you think of doing Find the zeros Set function =, fctor or use qudrtic eqution if qudrtic, grph to find zeros on clcultor Find
More informationENGI 3424 Engineering Mathematics Five Tutorial Examples of Partial Fractions
ENGI 44 Engineering Mthemtics Five Tutoril Exmples o Prtil Frctions 1. Express x in prtil rctions: x 4 x 4 x 4 b x x x x Both denomintors re liner nonrepeted ctors. The coverup rule my be used: 4 4 4
More informationAnonymous Math 361: Homework 5. x i = 1 (1 u i )
Anonymous Mth 36: Homewor 5 Rudin. Let I be the set of ll u (u,..., u ) R with u i for ll i; let Q be the set of ll x (x,..., x ) R with x i, x i. (I is the unit cube; Q is the stndrd simplex in R ). Define
More informationSummary: Method of Separation of Variables
Physics 246 Electricity nd Mgnetism I, Fll 26, Lecture 22 1 Summry: Method of Seprtion of Vribles 1. Seprtion of Vribles in Crtesin Coordintes 2. Fourier Series Suggested Reding: Griffiths: Chpter 3, Section
More informationNumerical Analysis: Trapezoidal and Simpson s Rule
nd Simpson s Mthemticl question we re interested in numericlly nswering How to we evlute I = f (x) dx? Clculus tells us tht if F(x) is the ntiderivtive of function f (x) on the intervl [, b], then I =
More informationWe know that if f is a continuous nonnegative function on the interval [a, b], then b
1 Ares Between Curves c 22 Donld Kreider nd Dwight Lhr We know tht if f is continuous nonnegtive function on the intervl [, b], then f(x) dx is the re under the grph of f nd bove the intervl. We re going
More informationf(x) dx, If one of these two conditions is not met, we call the integral improper. Our usual definition for the value for the definite integral
Improper Integrls Every time tht we hve evluted definite integrl such s f(x) dx, we hve mde two implicit ssumptions bout the integrl:. The intervl [, b] is finite, nd. f(x) is continuous on [, b]. If one
More informationn f(x i ) x. i=1 In section 4.2, we defined the definite integral of f from x = a to x = b as n f(x i ) x; f(x) dx = lim i=1
The Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus As we continue to study the re problem, let s think bck to wht we know bout computing res of regions enclosed by curves. If we wnt to find the re of the region below the
More informationImproper Integrals. MATH 211, Calculus II. J. Robert Buchanan. Spring Department of Mathematics
Improper Integrls MATH 2, Clculus II J. Robert Buchnn Deprtment of Mthemtics Spring 28 Definite Integrls Theorem (Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus (Prt I)) If f is continuous on [, b] then b f (x) dx = [F(x)]
More informationMath 107H Topics for the first exam. csc 2 x dx = cot x + C csc x cotx dx = csc x + C tan x dx = ln secx + C cot x dx = ln sinx + C e x dx = e x + C
Integrtion Mth 07H Topics for the first exm Bsic list: x n dx = xn+ + C (provided n ) n + sin(kx) dx = cos(kx) + C k sec x dx = tnx + C sec x tnx dx = sec x + C /x dx = ln x + C cos(kx) dx = sin(kx) +
More informationThomas Whitham Sixth Form
Thoms Whithm Sith Form Pure Mthemtics Unit C Alger Trigonometry Geometry Clculus Vectors Trigonometry Compound ngle formule sin sin cos cos Pge A B sin Acos B cos Asin B A B sin Acos B cos Asin B A B cos
More informationMATH 144: Business Calculus Final Review
MATH 144: Business Clculus Finl Review 1 Skills 1. Clculte severl limits. 2. Find verticl nd horizontl symptotes for given rtionl function. 3. Clculte derivtive by definition. 4. Clculte severl derivtives
More informationMA Handout 2: Notation and Background Concepts from Analysis
MA350059 Hndout 2: Nottion nd Bckground Concepts from Anlysis This hndout summrises some nottion we will use nd lso gives recp of some concepts from other units (MA20023: PDEs nd CM, MA20218: Anlysis 2A,
More informationMain topics for the First Midterm
Min topics for the First Midterm The Midterm will cover Section 1.8, Chpters 23, Sections 4.14.8, nd Sections 5.15.3 (essentilly ll of the mteril covered in clss). Be sure to know the results of the
More informationDefinition of Continuity: The function f(x) is continuous at x = a if f(a) exists and lim
Mth 9 Course Summry/Study Guide Fll, 2005 [1] Limits Definition of Limit: We sy tht L is the limit of f(x) s x pproches if f(x) gets closer nd closer to L s x gets closer nd closer to. We write lim f(x)
More informationDefinite integral. Mathematics FRDIS MENDELU. Simona Fišnarová (Mendel University) Definite integral MENDELU 1 / 30
Definite integrl Mthemtics FRDIS MENDELU Simon Fišnrová (Mendel University) Definite integrl MENDELU / Motivtion  re under curve Suppose, for simplicity, tht y = f(x) is nonnegtive nd continuous function
More informationConsequently, the temperature must be the same at each point in the cross section at x. Let:
HW 2 Comments: L13. Derive the het eqution for n inhomogeneous rod where the therml coefficients used in the derivtion of the het eqution for homogeneous rod now become functions of position x in the
More information4. Calculus of Variations
4. Clculus of Vritions Introduction  Typicl Problems The clculus of vritions generlises the theory of mxim nd minim. Exmple (): Shortest distnce between two points. On given surfce (e.g. plne), nd the
More informationSection 5.4 Fundamental Theorem of Calculus 2 Lectures. Dr. Abdulla Eid. College of Science. MATHS 101: Calculus 1
Section 5.4 Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus 2 Lectures College of Science MATHS : Clculus (University of Bhrin) Integrls / 24 Definite Integrl Recll: The integrl is used to find re under the curve over n
More informationTotal Score Maximum
Lst Nme: Mth 8: Honours Clculus II Dr. J. Bowmn 9: : April 5, 7 Finl Em First Nme: Student ID: Question 4 5 6 7 Totl Score Mimum 6 4 8 9 4 No clcultors or formul sheets. Check tht you hve 6 pges.. Find
More informationHow can we approximate the area of a region in the plane? What is an interpretation of the area under the graph of a velocity function?
Mth 125 Summry Here re some thoughts I ws hving while considering wht to put on the first midterm. The core of your studying should be the ssigned homework problems: mke sure you relly understnd those
More informationMath 113 Exam 2 Practice
Mth Em Prctice Februry, 8 Em will cover sections 6.5, 7.7.5 nd 7.8. This sheet hs three sections. The first section will remind you bout techniques nd formuls tht you should know. The second gives number
More informationStuff You Need to Know From Calculus
Stuff You Need to Know From Clculus For the first time in the semester, the stuff we re doing is finlly going to look like clculus (with vector slnt, of course). This mens tht in order to succeed, you
More informationAntiderivatives/Indefinite Integrals of Basic Functions
Antiderivtives/Indefinite Integrls of Bsic Functions Power Rule: In prticulr, this mens tht x n+ x n n + + C, dx = ln x + C, if n if n = x 0 dx = dx = dx = x + C nd x (lthough you won t use the second
More information63. Representation of functions as power series Consider a power series. ( 1) n x 2n for all 1 < x < 1
3 9. SEQUENCES AND SERIES 63. Representtion of functions s power series Consider power series x 2 + x 4 x 6 + x 8 + = ( ) n x 2n It is geometric series with q = x 2 nd therefore it converges for ll q =
More informationx = b a n x 2 e x dx. cdx = c(b a), where c is any constant. a b
CHAPTER 5. INTEGRALS 61 where nd x = b n x i = 1 (x i 1 + x i ) = midpoint of [x i 1, x i ]. Problem 168 (Exercise 1, pge 377). Use the Midpoint Rule with the n = 4 to pproximte 5 1 x e x dx. Some quick
More informationDefinite integral. Mathematics FRDIS MENDELU
Definite integrl Mthemtics FRDIS MENDELU Simon Fišnrová Brno 1 Motivtion  re under curve Suppose, for simplicity, tht y = f(x) is nonnegtive nd continuous function defined on [, b]. Wht is the re of the
More informationThe Regulated and Riemann Integrals
Chpter 1 The Regulted nd Riemnn Integrls 1.1 Introduction We will consider severl different pproches to defining the definite integrl f(x) dx of function f(x). These definitions will ll ssign the sme vlue
More informationPolynomials and Division Theory
Higher Checklist (Unit ) Higher Checklist (Unit ) Polynomils nd Division Theory Skill Achieved? Know tht polynomil (expression) is of the form: n x + n x n + n x n + + n x + x + 0 where the i R re the
More informationSection 17.2 Line Integrals
Section 7. Line Integrls Integrting Vector Fields nd Functions long urve In this section we consider the problem of integrting functions, both sclr nd vector (vector fields) long curve in the plne. We
More informationReview of Calculus, cont d
Jim Lmbers MAT 460 Fll Semester 200910 Lecture 3 Notes These notes correspond to Section 1.1 in the text. Review of Clculus, cont d Riemnn Sums nd the Definite Integrl There re mny cses in which some
More informationEulerMaclaurin Summation Formula 1
Jnury 9, EulerMclurin Summtion Formul Suppose tht f nd its derivtive re continuous functions on the closed intervl [, b]. Let ψ(x) {x}, where {x} x [x] is the frctionl prt of x. Lemm : If < b nd, b Z,
More informationOverview of Calculus
Overview of Clculus June 6, 2016 1 Limits Clculus begins with the notion of limit. In symbols, lim f(x) = L x c In wors, however close you emn tht the function f evlute t x, f(x), to be to the limit L
More informationProblem set 1: Solutions Math 207B, Winter 2016
Problem set 1: Solutions Mth 27B, Winter 216 1. Define f : R 2 R by f(,) = nd f(x,y) = xy3 x 2 +y 6 if (x,y) (,). ()Show tht thedirectionl derivtives of f t (,)exist inevery direction. Wht is its Gâteux
More informationMath 118: Honours Calculus II Winter, 2005 List of Theorems. L(P, f) U(Q, f). f exists for each ǫ > 0 there exists a partition P of [a, b] such that
Mth 118: Honours Clculus II Winter, 2005 List of Theorems Lemm 5.1 (Prtition Refinement): If P nd Q re prtitions of [, b] such tht Q P, then L(P, f) L(Q, f) U(Q, f) U(P, f). Lemm 5.2 (Upper Sums Bound
More informationPHYSICS 116C Homework 4 Solutions
PHYSICS 116C Homework 4 Solutions 1. ( Simple hrmonic oscilltor. Clerly the eqution is of the SturmLiouville (SL form with λ = n 2, A(x = 1, B(x =, w(x = 1. Legendre s eqution. Clerly the eqution is of
More informationDefinite Integrals. The area under a curve can be approximated by adding up the areas of rectangles = 1 1 +
Definite Integrls 5 The re under curve cn e pproximted y dding up the res of rectngles. Exmple. Approximte the re under y = from x = to x = using equl suintervls nd + x evluting the function t the lefthnd
More informationReversing the Chain Rule. As we have seen from the Second Fundamental Theorem ( 4.3), the easiest way to evaluate an integral b
Mth 32 Substitution Method Stewrt 4.5 Reversing the Chin Rule. As we hve seen from the Second Fundmentl Theorem ( 4.3), the esiest wy to evlute n integrl b f(x) dx is to find n ntiderivtive, the indefinite
More informationReview on Integration (Secs ) Review: Sec Origins of Calculus. Riemann Sums. New functions from old ones.
Mth 20B Integrl Clculus Lecture Review on Integrtion (Secs. 5.  5.3) Remrks on the course. Slide Review: Sec. 5.5.3 Origins of Clculus. Riemnn Sums. New functions from old ones. A mthemticl description
More informationMath 360: A primitive integral and elementary functions
Mth 360: A primitive integrl nd elementry functions D. DeTurck University of Pennsylvni October 16, 2017 D. DeTurck Mth 360 001 2017C: Integrl/functions 1 / 32 Setup for the integrl prtitions Definition:
More informationIndefinite Integral. Chapter Integration  reverse of differentiation
Chpter Indefinite Integrl Most of the mthemticl opertions hve inverse opertions. The inverse opertion of differentition is clled integrtion. For exmple, describing process t the given moment knowing the
More informationStudent Handbook for MATH 3300
Student Hndbook for MATH 3300 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.5 0 0.5 0.5 0 0.5 If people do not believe tht mthemtics is simple, it is only becuse they do not relize how complicted life is. John Louis
More informationMath 142: Final Exam Formulas to Know
Mth 4: Finl Exm Formuls to Know This ocument tells you every formul/strtegy tht you shoul know in orer to o well on your finl. Stuy it well! The helpful rules/formuls from the vrious review sheets my be
More informationINTRODUCTION TO INTEGRATION
INTRODUCTION TO INTEGRATION 5.1 Ares nd Distnces Assume f(x) 0 on the intervl [, b]. Let A be the re under the grph of f(x). b We will obtin n pproximtion of A in the following three steps. STEP 1: Divide
More information4181H Problem Set 11 Selected Solutions. Chapter 19. n(log x) n 1 1 x x dx,
48H Problem Set Selected Solutions Chpter 9 # () Tke f(x) = x n, g (x) = e x, nd use integrtion by prts; this gives reduction formul: x n e x dx = x n e x n x n e x dx. (b) Tke f(x) = (log x) n, g (x)
More informationNUMERICAL INTEGRATION
NUMERICAL INTEGRATION How do we evlute I = f (x) dx By the fundmentl theorem of clculus, if F (x) is n ntiderivtive of f (x), then I = f (x) dx = F (x) b = F (b) F () However, in prctice most integrls
More informationCHM Physical Chemistry I Chapter 1  Supplementary Material
CHM 3410  Physicl Chemistry I Chpter 1  Supplementry Mteril For review of some bsic concepts in mth, see Atkins "Mthemticl Bckground 1 (pp 596), nd "Mthemticl Bckground " (pp 109111). 1. Derivtion
More informationLine Integrals. Partitioning the Curve. Estimating the Mass
Line Integrls Suppose we hve curve in the xy plne nd ssocite density δ(p ) = δ(x, y) t ech point on the curve. urves, of course, do not hve density or mss, but it my sometimes be convenient or useful to
More informationAPPROXIMATE INTEGRATION
APPROXIMATE INTEGRATION. Introduction We hve seen tht there re functions whose ntiderivtives cnnot be expressed in closed form. For these resons ny definite integrl involving these integrnds cnnot be
More informationUnit 5. Integration techniques
18.01 EXERCISES Unit 5. Integrtion techniques 5A. Inverse trigonometric functions; Hyperbolic functions 5A1 Evlute ) tn 1 3 b) sin 1 ( 3/) c) If θ = tn 1 5, then evlute sin θ, cos θ, cot θ, csc θ, nd
More informationMath 8 Winter 2015 Applications of Integration
Mth 8 Winter 205 Applictions of Integrtion Here re few importnt pplictions of integrtion. The pplictions you my see on n exm in this course include only the Net Chnge Theorem (which is relly just the Fundmentl
More information1.1. Linear Constant Coefficient Equations. Remark: A differential equation is an equation
1 1.1. Liner Constnt Coefficient Equtions Section Objective(s): Overview of Differentil Equtions. Liner Differentil Equtions. Solving Liner Differentil Equtions. The Initil Vlue Problem. 1.1.1. Overview
More informationNUMERICAL INTEGRATION. The inverse process to differentiation in calculus is integration. Mathematically, integration is represented by.
NUMERICAL INTEGRATION 1 Introduction The inverse process to differentition in clculus is integrtion. Mthemticlly, integrtion is represented by f(x) dx which stnds for the integrl of the function f(x) with
More informationWeek 10: Riemann integral and its properties
Clculus nd Liner Algebr for Biomedicl Engineering Week 10: Riemnn integrl nd its properties H. Führ, Lehrstuhl A für Mthemtik, RWTH Achen, WS 07 Motivtion: Computing flow from flow rtes 1 We observe the
More informationP 3 (x) = f(0) + f (0)x + f (0) 2. x 2 + f (0) . In the problem set, you are asked to show, in general, the n th order term is a n = f (n) (0)
1 Tylor polynomils In Section 3.5, we discussed how to pproximte function f(x) round point in terms of its first derivtive f (x) evluted t, tht is using the liner pproximtion f() + f ()(x ). We clled this
More informationNew Expansion and Infinite Series
Interntionl Mthemticl Forum, Vol. 9, 204, no. 22, 06073 HIKARI Ltd, www.mhikri.com http://dx.doi.org/0.2988/imf.204.4502 New Expnsion nd Infinite Series Diyun Zhng College of Computer Nnjing University
More informationUNIVERSITY OF BOLTON SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING B.ENG (HONS) ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING EXAMINATION SEMESTER /2018
ENG005 B.ENG (HONS) ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING EXAMINATION SEMESTER 1017/018 MODULE NO: EEE4001 Dte: 19Jnury 018 Time:.00 4.00 INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES: There re SIX questions. Answer ANY
More informationSummer MTH142 College Calculus 2. Section J. Lecture Notes. Yin Su University at Buffalo
Summer 6 MTH4 College Clculus Section J Lecture Notes Yin Su University t Bufflo yinsu@bufflo.edu Contents Bsic techniques of integrtion 3. Antiderivtive nd indefinite integrls..............................................
More informationCzechoslovak Mathematical Journal, 55 (130) (2005), , Abbotsford. 1. Introduction
Czechoslovk Mthemticl Journl, 55 (130) (2005), 933 940 ESTIMATES OF THE REMAINDER IN TAYLOR S THEOREM USING THE HENSTOCKKURZWEIL INTEGRAL, Abbotsford (Received Jnury 22, 2003) Abstrct. When relvlued
More informationMath Fall 2006 Sample problems for the final exam: Solutions
Mth 425 Fll 26 Smple problems for the finl exm: Solutions Any problem my be ltered or replced by different one! Some possibly useful informtion Prsevl s equlity for the complex form of the Fourier series
More informationJim Lambers MAT 169 Fall Semester Lecture 4 Notes
Jim Lmbers MAT 169 Fll Semester 200910 Lecture 4 Notes These notes correspond to Section 8.2 in the text. Series Wht is Series? An infinte series, usully referred to simply s series, is n sum of ll of
More informationProblem Set 3 Solutions
Chemistry 36 Dr Jen M Stndrd Problem Set 3 Solutions 1 Verify for the prticle in onedimensionl box by explicit integrtion tht the wvefunction ψ ( x) π x is normlized To verify tht ψ ( x) is normlized,
More informationZ b. f(x)dx. Yet in the above two cases we know what f(x) is. Sometimes, engineers want to calculate an area by computing I, but...
Chpter 7 Numericl Methods 7. Introduction In mny cses the integrl f(x)dx cn be found by finding function F (x) such tht F 0 (x) =f(x), nd using f(x)dx = F (b) F () which is known s the nlyticl (exct) solution.
More informationFINALTERM EXAMINATION 2011 Calculus &. Analytical GeometryI
FINALTERM EXAMINATION 011 Clculus &. Anlyticl GeometryI Question No: 1 { Mrks: 1 )  Plese choose one If f is twice differentible function t sttionry point x 0 x 0 nd f ''(x 0 ) > 0 then f hs reltive...
More informationSTUDY GUIDE FOR BASIC EXAM
STUDY GUIDE FOR BASIC EXAM BRYON ARAGAM This is prtil list of theorems tht frequently show up on the bsic exm. In mny cses, you my be sked to directly prove one of these theorems or these vrints. There
More informationChapter 6. Riemann Integral
Introduction to Riemnn integrl Chpter 6. Riemnn Integrl WonKwng Prk Deprtment of Mthemtics, The College of Nturl Sciences Kookmin University Second semester, 2015 1 / 41 Introduction to Riemnn integrl
More informationChapter 6 Notes, Larson/Hostetler 3e
Contents 6. Antiderivtives nd the Rules of Integrtion.......................... 6. Are nd the Definite Integrl.................................. 6.. Are............................................ 6. Reimnn
More informationNote 16. Stokes theorem Differential Geometry, 2005
Note 16. Stokes theorem ifferentil Geometry, 2005 Stokes theorem is the centrl result in the theory of integrtion on mnifolds. It gives the reltion between exterior differentition (see Note 14) nd integrtion
More informationMath 3B: Lecture 9. Noah White. October 18, 2017
Mth 3B: Lecture 9 Noh White October 18, 2017 The definite integrl Defintion The definite integrl of function f (x) is defined to be where x = b n. f (x) dx = lim n x n f ( + k x) k=1 Properties of definite
More informationUNIFORM CONVERGENCE MA 403: REAL ANALYSIS, INSTRUCTOR: B. V. LIMAYE
UNIFORM CONVERGENCE MA 403: REAL ANALYSIS, INSTRUCTOR: B. V. LIMAYE 1. Pointwise Convergence of Sequence Let E be set nd Y be metric spce. Consider functions f n : E Y for n = 1, 2,.... We sy tht the sequence
More information1. On some properties of definite integrals. We prove
This short collection of notes is intended to complement the textbook Anlisi Mtemtic 2 by Crl Mdern, published by Città Studi Editore, [M]. We refer to [M] for nottion nd the logicl stremline of the rguments.
More informationCalculus MATH 172Fall 2017 Lecture Notes
Clculus MATH 172Fll 2017 Lecture Notes These notes re concise summry of wht hs been covered so fr during the lectures. All the definitions must be memorized nd understood. Sttements of importnt theorems
More information