This document includes the following supporting documentation to accompany the NGSS Formative Assessments for Chemistry in the Earth System:

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1 Fluence Learning High School NGSS Formative Assessments - New York Supporting Documents This document includes the following supporting documentation to accompany the NGSS Formative Assessments for Chemistry in the Earth System: List of Topics with Performance Expectations Summary Blueprint Detailed Blueprints for each Assessment and Performance Task 2017 Fluence Learning LLC. All Rights Reserved.

2 NGSS HS: Summary Table (NY) Assessment Name/Topic Structure and Properties of Matter Chemical Reactions Forces and Interactions Energy Waves and Electromagnetic Radiation Structure and Function Matter and Energy in Organisms and Ecosystems Interdependent Relationships in Ecosystems Inheritance and Variation of Traits Natural Selection and Evolution Space Systems History of Earth Earth s Systems Weather and Climate Human Sustainability Performance Expectations Assessed HS-PS1-1, HS-PS1-3, HS-PS1-8, HS-PS2-6, HS-PS1-9, HS-PS1-10 HS-PS1-2, HS-PS1-4, HS-PS1-5, HS-PS1-6, HS-PS1-7, HS-PS1-11, HS-PS1-12 HS-PS2-1, HS-PS2-2, HS-PS2-3, HS-PS2-4, HS-PS2-5 HS-PS3-1, HS-PS3-2, HS-PS3-3, HS-PS3-4, HS-PS3-5, HS-PS3-6 HS-PS4-1, HS-PS4-2, HS-PS4-3, HS-PS4-4, HS-PS4-5, HS-PS4-6 HS-LS1-1, HS-LS1-2, HS-LS1-3 HS-LS1-5, HS-LS1-6, HS-LS1-7, HS-LS2-3, HS-LS2-4, HS-LS2-5 HS-LS2-1, HS-LS2-2, HS-LS2-6, HS-LS2-7, HS-LS2-8 HS-LS1-4, HS-LS3-1, HS-LS3-2, HS-LS3-3, HS-LS1-8 HS-LS4-1, HS-LS4-2, HS-LS4-3, HS-LS4-4, HS-LS4-5 HS-ESS1-1, HS-ESS1-2, HS-ESS1-3, HS-ESS1-4, HS-ESS1-7 HS-ESS1-5, HS-ESS1-6, HS-ESS2-1 HS-ESS2-2, ESS-HS2-3, HS-ESS2-5, HS-ESS2-6, HS-ESS2-7 HS-ESS2-4, HS-ESS3-5, HS-ESS2-8 HS-ESS3-1, HS-ESS3-2, HS-ESS3-3, HS-ESS3-4, HS-ESS3-6

3 NGSS High School Summary Blueprint- New York (IS1, IS2, IS3, IS4, IS5, IS6) Standard HS-PS1 HS-PS1-1 HS-PS1-2 HS-PS1-3 HS-PS1-4 HS-PS1-5 HS-PS1-6 HS-PS1-7 Total Items Description Matter and Its Interactions Use the periodic table as a model to predic the relative properties of elements based on the patterns of electrons in the outermost energy level of atoms. Construct and revise an explanation for the outcome of a simple chemical reaction based on the outermost electron states of atoms, trends in the periodic table, and knowledge of the patterns of chemical properties. Plan and conduct an investigation to gathe evidence to compare the structure of substances at the bulk scale to infer the strength of electrical forces between particles. Develop a model to illustrate that the release or absorption of energy from a chemical reaction system depends upon the changes in total bond energy. Apply scientific principles and evidence to provide an explanation about the effects of changing the temperature or concentration of the reacting particles on the rate at which a reaction occurs. Refine the design of a chemical system by specifying a change in conditions that would produce increased amounts of products at equilibrium. Use mathematical representations to support the claim that atoms, and therefore mass, are conserved during a chemical reaction. IS1 IS2 IS3 IS4 IS5 IS6 # PEs Assessed Year # Year % # % # % # % # % # % # % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % Page 1 of 9 NGSS High School Summary Blueprint- New York (IS1, IS2, IS3, IS4, IS5, IS6)

4 HS-PS1-8 HS-PS1-9 HS-PS1-10 HS-PS1-11 HS-PS1-12 HS-PS2 HS-PS2-1 HS-PS2-2 HS-PS2-3 HS-PS2-4 Develop models to illustrate the changes in the composition of the nucleus of the atom and the energy released during the processes of fission, fusion, and radioactive decay. Analyze data to support the claim that the combined gas law describes the relationships among volume, pressure, and temperature for a sample of an ideal gas. Use evidence to support claims regarding the formation, properties and behaviors of solutions at bulk scales. Plan and conduct an investigation to compare properties and behaviors of acids and bases. Use evidence to illustrate that some chemical reactions involve the transfer of electrons as an energy conversion occurs within a system. Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions Analyze data to support the claim that Newton s second law of motion describes the mathematical relationship among the net force on a macroscopic object, its mass, and its acceleration. Use mathematical representations to support the claim that the total momentum of a system of objects is conserved when there is no net force on the system. Apply scientific and engineering ideas to design, evaluate, and refine a device that minimizes the force on a macroscopic object during a collision. Use mathematical representations of Newton s Law of Gravitation and Coulomb s Law to describe and predict the gravitational and electrostatic forces between objects % 1 0.5% 1 5.6% 1 0.5% 1 5.6% 1 0.5% 1 5.3% 1 0.5% 1 5.3% 5 2.3% % 5 2.3% % % % Page 2 of 9 NGSS High School Summary Blueprint- New York (IS1, IS2, IS3, IS4, IS5, IS6)

5 HS-PS2-5 HS-PS2-6 HS-PS3 HS-PS3-1 HS-PS3-2 Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that an electric current can produce a magnetic field and that a changing magnetic field can produce an electric current. Communicate scientific and technical information about why the molecular-level structure is important in the functioning of designed materials. Energy Create a computational model to calculate the change in the energy of one componen in a system when the change in energy of the other component(s) and energy flows in and out of the system are known. Develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy associated with the motions of particles (objects) and energy associated with the relative position of particles (objects) % % % % HS-PS3-3 HS-PS3-4 HS-PS3-5 HS-PS3-6 Design, build, and refine a device that works within given constraints to convert one form of energy into another form of energy. Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that the transfer of thermal energy when two components of different temperature are combined within a closed system results in a more uniform energy distribution among the components in the system (second law of thermodynamics). Develop and use a model of two objects interacting through electric or magnetic fields to illustrate the forces between objects and the changes in energy of the objects due to the interaction. Analyze data to support the claim that Ohm s Law describes the mathematical relationship among the potential difference, current, and resistance of an electric circuit % % % 1 0.5% 1 6.7% Page 3 of 9 NGSS High School Summary Blueprint- New York (IS1, IS2, IS3, IS4, IS5, IS6)

6 HS-PS4 HS-PS4-1 HS-PS4-2 HS-PS4-3 HS-PS4-4 Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfer Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media. Evaluate questions about the advantages of using a digital transmission and storage of information. Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other. Evaluate the validity and reliability of claims in published materials of the effects that different frequencies of electromagnetic radiation have when absorbed by matter % % % % HS-PS4-5 Communicate technical information about how some technological devices use the principles of wave behavior and wave interactions with matter to transmit and capture information and energy % HS-PS4-6 HS-LS1 HS-LS1-1 HS-LS1-2 Use mathematical models to determine relationships among the size and location of images, size and location of objects, and focal lengths of lenses and mirrors. From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the structure of D determines the structure of proteins which carry out the essential functions of life through systems of specialized cells. Develop and use a model to illustrate the hierarchical organization of interacting systems that provide specific functions within multicellular organisms % 1 6.3% 5 2.3% % % Page 4 of 9 NGSS High School Summary Blueprint- New York (IS1, IS2, IS3, IS4, IS5, IS6)

7 HS-LS1-3 HS-LS1-4 HS-LS1-5 HS-LS1-6 HS-LS1-7 HS-LS1-8 HS-LS2 HS-LS2-1 HS-LS2-2 HS-LS2-3 HS-LS2-4 Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that feedback mechanisms maintain homeostasis. Use a model to illustrate the role of cellular division (mitosis) and differentiation in producing and maintaining complex organisms. Use a model to illustrate how photosynthesis transforms light energy into stored chemical energy. Construct and revise an explanation based on evidence for how carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen from sugar molecules may combine with other elements to form amino acids and/or other large carbon-based molecules. Use a model to illustrate that cellular respiration is a chemical process whereby the bonds of food molecules and oxygen molecules are broken and the bonds in new compounds are formed resulting in a net transfer of energy. Use models to illustrate how human reproduction and development maintains continuity of life. Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics Use mathematical and/or computational representations to support explanations of factors that affect carrying capacity of ecosystems at different scales. Use mathematical representations to support and revise explanations based on evidence about factors affecting biodiversity and populations in ecosystems of different scales. Construct and revise an explanation based on evidence for the cycling of matter and flow of energy in aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Use mathematical representations to support claims for the cycling of matter and flow of energy among organisms in an ecosystem % 1 0.5% Page 5 of 9 NGSS High School Summary Blueprint- New York (IS1, IS2, IS3, IS4, IS5, IS6)

8 HS-LS2-5 Develop a model to illustrate the role of photosynthesis and cellular respiration in the cycling of carbon among the biosphere atmosphere, hydrosphere, and geosphere. HS-LS2-6 Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning that the complex interactions in ecosystems maintain relatively consistent numbers and types of organisms in stable conditions, but changing conditions may result in a new ecosystem. HS-LS2-7 Design, evaluate, and refine a solution for reducing the impacts of human activities on the environment and biodiversity. HS-LS2-8 HS-LS3 HS-LS3-1 Evaluate the evidence for the role of group behavior on individual and species chances to survive and reproduce. Heredity: Inheritance and Variation of Traits Ask questions to clarify relationships about the role of D and chromosomes in coding the instructions for characteristic traits passed from parents to offspring. HS-LS3-2 HS-LS3-3 HS-LS4 HS-LS4-1 Make and defend a claim based on evidence that inheritable genetic variations may result from: (1) new genetic combinations through meiosis, (2) viable errors occurring during replication, and/or (3) mutations caused by environmental factors. Apply concepts of statistics and probability to explain the variation and distribution of expressed traits in a population. Biological Evolution: Unity and Diversity Communicate scientific information that common ancestry and biological evolution are supported by multiple lines of empirical evidence. Page 6 of 9 NGSS High School Summary Blueprint- New York (IS1, IS2, IS3, IS4, IS5, IS6)

9 HS-LS4-2 HS-LS4-3 HS-LS4-4 HS-LS4-5 HS-ESS1 HS-ESS1-1 HS-ESS1-2 HS-ESS1-3 HS-ESS1-4 Construct an explanation based on evidence that the process of evolution primarily results from four factors: (1) the potential for a species to increase in number, (2) the heritable genetic variation of individuals in a species due to mutation and sexual reproduction, (3) competition for limited resources, and (4) the proliferation of those organisms that are better able to survive and reproduce in the environment. Apply concepts of statistics and probability to support explanations that organisms with an advantageous heritable trait tend to increase in proportion to organisms lacking this trait. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how natural selection leads to adaptation of populations. Evaluate the evidence supporting claims that changes in environmental conditions may result in: (1) increases in the number of individuals of some species, (2) the emergence of new species over time, and (3) the extinction of other species. Earth s Place in the Universe Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the life span of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun s core to release energy that eventually reaches Earth in the form of radiation. Construct an explanation of the Big Bang theory based on astronomical evidence of light spectra, motion of distant galaxies, and composition of matter in the universe. Communicate scientific ideas about the way stars, over their life cycle, produce elements. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system. Page 7 of 9 NGSS High School Summary Blueprint- New York (IS1, IS2, IS3, IS4, IS5, IS6)

10 HS-ESS1-5 Evaluate evidence of the past and current movements of continental and oceanic crust and the theory of plate tectonics to explain the ages of crustal rocks. HS-ESS1-6 HS-ESS1-7 HS-ESS2 HS-ESS2-1 HS-ESS2-2 HS-ESS2-3 HS-ESS2-4 HS-ESS2-5 HS-ESS2-6 HS-ESS2-7 Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth s formation and early history. Construct an explanation using evidence to support the claim that the phases of the moon, eclipses, tides and seasons change cyclically. Earth s Systems Develop a model to illustrate how Earth s internal and surface processes operate at different spatial and temporal scales to form continental and ocean-floor features. Analyze geoscience data to make the claim that one change to Earth s surface can create feedbacks that cause changes to other Earth systems. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection. Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth's systems result in changes in climate. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes. Develop a quantitative model to describe the cycling of carbon among the hydrosphere, atmosphere, geosphere, and biosphere. Construct an argument based on evidence about the simultaneous coevolution of Earth's systems and life on Earth % 6 2.8% Page 8 of 9 NGSS High School Summary Blueprint- New York (IS1, IS2, IS3, IS4, IS5, IS6)

11 HS-ESS2-8 HS-ESS3 HS-ESS3-1 HS-ESS3-2 HS-ESS3-3 HS-ESS3-4 HS-ESS3-5 HS-ESS3-6 Evaluate data and communicate information to explain how the movement and interactions of air masses result in changes in weather conditions. Earth and Human Activity Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on costbenefit ratios. Create a computational simulation to illustrate the relationships among management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems. Analyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth systems. Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity % 6 2.8% Page 9 of 9 NGSS High School Summary Blueprint- New York (IS1, IS2, IS3, IS4, IS5, IS6)

12 NGSS High School Summary Blueprint- New York (IS7, IS8, IS9, IS10, IS11, IS12) Standard HS-PS1 HS-PS1-1 HS-PS1-2 HS-PS1-3 HS-PS1-4 HS-PS1-5 HS-PS1-6 HS-PS1-7 Total Items Description Matter and Its Interactions Use the periodic table as a model to predic the relative properties of elements based on the patterns of electrons in the outermost energy level of atoms. Construct and revise an explanation for the outcome of a simple chemical reaction based on the outermost electron states of atoms, trends in the periodic table, and knowledge of the patterns of chemical properties. Plan and conduct an investigation to gathe evidence to compare the structure of substances at the bulk scale to infer the strength of electrical forces between particles. Develop a model to illustrate that the release or absorption of energy from a chemical reaction system depends upon the changes in total bond energy. Apply scientific principles and evidence to provide an explanation about the effects of changing the temperature or concentration of the reacting particles on the rate at which a reaction occurs. Refine the design of a chemical system by specifying a change in conditions that would produce increased amounts of products at equilibrium. Use mathematical representations to support the claim that atoms, and therefore mass, are conserved during a chemical reaction. IS7 IS8 IS9 IS10 IS11 IS12 # PEs Assessed Year # Year % # % # % # % # % # % # % % % % % % % % Page 1 of 9 NGSS High School Summary Blueprint- New York (IS7, IS8, IS9, IS10, IS11, IS12)

13 HS-PS1-8 HS-PS1-9 HS-PS1-10 HS-PS1-11 HS-PS1-12 HS-PS2 HS-PS2-1 HS-PS2-2 HS-PS2-3 HS-PS2-4 Develop models to illustrate the changes in the composition of the nucleus of the atom and the energy released during the processes of fission, fusion, and radioactive decay. Analyze data to support the claim that the combined gas law describes the relationships among volume, pressure, and temperature for a sample of an ideal gas. Use evidence to support claims regarding the formation, properties and behaviors of solutions at bulk scales. Plan and conduct an investigation to compare properties and behaviors of acids and bases. Use evidence to illustrate that some chemical reactions involve the transfer of electrons as an energy conversion occurs within a system. Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions Analyze data to support the claim that Newton s second law of motion describes the mathematical relationship among the net force on a macroscopic object, its mass, and its acceleration. Use mathematical representations to support the claim that the total momentum of a system of objects is conserved when there is no net force on the system. Apply scientific and engineering ideas to design, evaluate, and refine a device that minimizes the force on a macroscopic object during a collision. Use mathematical representations of Newton s Law of Gravitation and Coulomb s Law to describe and predict the gravitational and electrostatic forces between objects % 1 0.5% 1 0.5% 1 0.5% 5 2.3% 5 2.3% Page 2 of 9 NGSS High School Summary Blueprint- New York (IS7, IS8, IS9, IS10, IS11, IS12)

14 HS-PS2-5 HS-PS2-6 HS-PS3 HS-PS3-1 HS-PS3-2 Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that an electric current can produce a magnetic field and that a changing magnetic field can produce an electric current. Communicate scientific and technical information about why the molecular-level structure is important in the functioning of designed materials. Energy Create a computational model to calculate the change in the energy of one componen in a system when the change in energy of the other component(s) and energy flows in and out of the system are known. Develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy associated with the motions of particles (objects) and energy associated with the relative position of particles (objects). HS-PS3-3 HS-PS3-4 HS-PS3-5 HS-PS3-6 Design, build, and refine a device that works within given constraints to convert one form of energy into another form of energy. Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that the transfer of thermal energy when two components of different temperature are combined within a closed system results in a more uniform energy distribution among the components in the system (second law of thermodynamics). Develop and use a model of two objects interacting through electric or magnetic fields to illustrate the forces between objects and the changes in energy of the objects due to the interaction. Analyze data to support the claim that Ohm s Law describes the mathematical relationship among the potential difference, current, and resistance of an electric circuit % Page 3 of 9 NGSS High School Summary Blueprint- New York (IS7, IS8, IS9, IS10, IS11, IS12)

15 HS-PS4 HS-PS4-1 HS-PS4-2 HS-PS4-3 HS-PS4-4 Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfer Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media. Evaluate questions about the advantages of using a digital transmission and storage of information. Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other. Evaluate the validity and reliability of claims in published materials of the effects that different frequencies of electromagnetic radiation have when absorbed by matter. HS-PS4-5 Communicate technical information about how some technological devices use the principles of wave behavior and wave interactions with matter to transmit and capture information and energy. HS-PS4-6 HS-LS1 HS-LS1-1 HS-LS1-2 Use mathematical models to determine relationships among the size and location of images, size and location of objects, and focal lengths of lenses and mirrors. From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the structure of D determines the structure of proteins which carry out the essential functions of life through systems of specialized cells. Develop and use a model to illustrate the hierarchical organization of interacting systems that provide specific functions within multicellular organisms % 5 2.3% Page 4 of 9 NGSS High School Summary Blueprint- New York (IS7, IS8, IS9, IS10, IS11, IS12)

16 HS-LS1-3 HS-LS1-4 HS-LS1-5 HS-LS1-6 HS-LS1-7 HS-LS1-8 HS-LS2 HS-LS2-1 HS-LS2-2 HS-LS2-3 HS-LS2-4 Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that feedback mechanisms maintain homeostasis. Use a model to illustrate the role of cellular division (mitosis) and differentiation in producing and maintaining complex organisms. Use a model to illustrate how photosynthesis transforms light energy into stored chemical energy. Construct and revise an explanation based on evidence for how carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen from sugar molecules may combine with other elements to form amino acids and/or other large carbon-based molecules. Use a model to illustrate that cellular respiration is a chemical process whereby the bonds of food molecules and oxygen molecules are broken and the bonds in new compounds are formed resulting in a net transfer of energy. Use models to illustrate how human reproduction and development maintains continuity of life. Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics Use mathematical and/or computational representations to support explanations of factors that affect carrying capacity of ecosystems at different scales. Use mathematical representations to support and revise explanations based on evidence about factors affecting biodiversity and populations in ecosystems of different scales. Construct and revise an explanation based on evidence for the cycling of matter and flow of energy in aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Use mathematical representations to support claims for the cycling of matter and flow of energy among organisms in an ecosystem % % % % 1 0.5% 1 7.7% % % % % Page 5 of 9 NGSS High School Summary Blueprint- New York (IS7, IS8, IS9, IS10, IS11, IS12)

17 HS-LS2-5 Develop a model to illustrate the role of photosynthesis and cellular respiration in the cycling of carbon among the biosphere atmosphere, hydrosphere, and geosphere % HS-LS2-6 Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning that the complex interactions in ecosystems maintain relatively consistent numbers and types of organisms in stable conditions, but changing conditions may result in a new ecosystem % HS-LS2-7 Design, evaluate, and refine a solution for reducing the impacts of human activities on the environment and biodiversity % HS-LS2-8 HS-LS3 HS-LS3-1 Evaluate the evidence for the role of group behavior on individual and species chances to survive and reproduce. Heredity: Inheritance and Variation of Traits Ask questions to clarify relationships about the role of D and chromosomes in coding the instructions for characteristic traits passed from parents to offspring % % HS-LS3-2 HS-LS3-3 HS-LS4 HS-LS4-1 Make and defend a claim based on evidence that inheritable genetic variations may result from: (1) new genetic combinations through meiosis, (2) viable errors occurring during replication, and/or (3) mutations caused by environmental factors. Apply concepts of statistics and probability to explain the variation and distribution of expressed traits in a population. Biological Evolution: Unity and Diversity Communicate scientific information that common ancestry and biological evolution are supported by multiple lines of empirical evidence % % % Page 6 of 9 NGSS High School Summary Blueprint- New York (IS7, IS8, IS9, IS10, IS11, IS12)

18 HS-LS4-2 HS-LS4-3 HS-LS4-4 HS-LS4-5 HS-ESS1 HS-ESS1-1 HS-ESS1-2 HS-ESS1-3 HS-ESS1-4 Construct an explanation based on evidence that the process of evolution primarily results from four factors: (1) the potential for a species to increase in number, (2) the heritable genetic variation of individuals in a species due to mutation and sexual reproduction, (3) competition for limited resources, and (4) the proliferation of those organisms that are better able to survive and reproduce in the environment. Apply concepts of statistics and probability to support explanations that organisms with an advantageous heritable trait tend to increase in proportion to organisms lacking this trait. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how natural selection leads to adaptation of populations. Evaluate the evidence supporting claims that changes in environmental conditions may result in: (1) increases in the number of individuals of some species, (2) the emergence of new species over time, and (3) the extinction of other species. Earth s Place in the Universe Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the life span of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun s core to release energy that eventually reaches Earth in the form of radiation. Construct an explanation of the Big Bang theory based on astronomical evidence of light spectra, motion of distant galaxies, and composition of matter in the universe. Communicate scientific ideas about the way stars, over their life cycle, produce elements. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system % % % % % % % % Page 7 of 9 NGSS High School Summary Blueprint- New York (IS7, IS8, IS9, IS10, IS11, IS12)

19 HS-ESS1-5 Evaluate evidence of the past and current movements of continental and oceanic crust and the theory of plate tectonics to explain the ages of crustal rocks % HS-ESS1-6 HS-ESS1-7 HS-ESS2 HS-ESS2-1 HS-ESS2-2 HS-ESS2-3 HS-ESS2-4 HS-ESS2-5 HS-ESS2-6 HS-ESS2-7 Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth s formation and early history. Construct an explanation using evidence to support the claim that the phases of the moon, eclipses, tides and seasons change cyclically. Earth s Systems Develop a model to illustrate how Earth s internal and surface processes operate at different spatial and temporal scales to form continental and ocean-floor features. Analyze geoscience data to make the claim that one change to Earth s surface can create feedbacks that cause changes to other Earth systems. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection. Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth's systems result in changes in climate. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes. Develop a quantitative model to describe the cycling of carbon among the hydrosphere, atmosphere, geosphere, and biosphere. Construct an argument based on evidence about the simultaneous coevolution of Earth's systems and life on Earth % 1 0.5% 1 5.9% % 6 2.8% Page 8 of 9 NGSS High School Summary Blueprint- New York (IS7, IS8, IS9, IS10, IS11, IS12)

20 HS-ESS2-8 HS-ESS3 HS-ESS3-1 HS-ESS3-2 HS-ESS3-3 HS-ESS3-4 HS-ESS3-5 HS-ESS3-6 Evaluate data and communicate information to explain how the movement and interactions of air masses result in changes in weather conditions. Earth and Human Activity Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on costbenefit ratios. Create a computational simulation to illustrate the relationships among management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems. Analyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth systems. Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity % 6 2.8% Page 9 of 9 NGSS High School Summary Blueprint- New York (IS7, IS8, IS9, IS10, IS11, IS12)

21 NGSS High School Summary Blueprint- New York (IS13, IS14, IS15, PT1, PT2, PT3) Standard HS-PS1 HS-PS1-1 HS-PS1-2 HS-PS1-3 HS-PS1-4 HS-PS1-5 HS-PS1-6 HS-PS1-7 Total Items Description Matter and Its Interactions Use the periodic table as a model to predic the relative properties of elements based on the patterns of electrons in the outermost energy level of atoms. Construct and revise an explanation for the outcome of a simple chemical reaction based on the outermost electron states of atoms, trends in the periodic table, and knowledge of the patterns of chemical properties. Plan and conduct an investigation to gathe evidence to compare the structure of substances at the bulk scale to infer the strength of electrical forces between particles. Develop a model to illustrate that the release or absorption of energy from a chemical reaction system depends upon the changes in total bond energy. Apply scientific principles and evidence to provide an explanation about the effects of changing the temperature or concentration of the reacting particles on the rate at which a reaction occurs. Refine the design of a chemical system by specifying a change in conditions that would produce increased amounts of products at equilibrium. Use mathematical representations to support the claim that atoms, and therefore mass, are conserved during a chemical reaction. IS13 IS14 IS15 PT 1 PT 2 PT 3 # PEs Assessed Year # Year % # % # % # % # % # % # % % % % % 6 100% 4 100% 6 100% Page 1 of 9 NGSS High School Summary Blueprint- New York (IS13, IS14, IS15, PT1, PT2, PT3)

22 HS-PS1-8 HS-PS1-9 HS-PS1-10 HS-PS1-11 HS-PS1-12 HS-PS2 HS-PS2-1 HS-PS2-2 HS-PS2-3 HS-PS2-4 Develop models to illustrate the changes in the composition of the nucleus of the atom and the energy released during the processes of fission, fusion, and radioactive decay. Analyze data to support the claim that the combined gas law describes the relationships among volume, pressure, and temperature for a sample of an ideal gas. Use evidence to support claims regarding the formation, properties and behaviors of solutions at bulk scales. Plan and conduct an investigation to compare properties and behaviors of acids and bases. Use evidence to illustrate that some chemical reactions involve the transfer of electrons as an energy conversion occurs within a system. Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions Analyze data to support the claim that Newton s second law of motion describes the mathematical relationship among the net force on a macroscopic object, its mass, and its acceleration. Use mathematical representations to support the claim that the total momentum of a system of objects is conserved when there is no net force on the system. Apply scientific and engineering ideas to design, evaluate, and refine a device that minimizes the force on a macroscopic object during a collision. Use mathematical representations of Newton s Law of Gravitation and Coulomb s Law to describe and predict the gravitational and electrostatic forces between objects % 1 0.5% 1 0.5% 1 0.5% 5 2.3% 5 2.3% Page 2 of 9 NGSS High School Summary Blueprint- New York (IS13, IS14, IS15, PT1, PT2, PT3)

23 HS-PS2-5 HS-PS2-6 HS-PS3 HS-PS3-1 HS-PS3-2 Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that an electric current can produce a magnetic field and that a changing magnetic field can produce an electric current. Communicate scientific and technical information about why the molecular-level structure is important in the functioning of designed materials. Energy Create a computational model to calculate the change in the energy of one componen in a system when the change in energy of the other component(s) and energy flows in and out of the system are known. Develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy associated with the motions of particles (objects) and energy associated with the relative position of particles (objects) % HS-PS3-3 HS-PS3-4 HS-PS3-5 HS-PS3-6 Design, build, and refine a device that works within given constraints to convert one form of energy into another form of energy. Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that the transfer of thermal energy when two components of different temperature are combined within a closed system results in a more uniform energy distribution among the components in the system (second law of thermodynamics). Develop and use a model of two objects interacting through electric or magnetic fields to illustrate the forces between objects and the changes in energy of the objects due to the interaction. Analyze data to support the claim that Ohm s Law describes the mathematical relationship among the potential difference, current, and resistance of an electric circuit % 1 0.5% Page 3 of 9 NGSS High School Summary Blueprint- New York (IS13, IS14, IS15, PT1, PT2, PT3)

24 HS-PS4 HS-PS4-1 HS-PS4-2 HS-PS4-3 HS-PS4-4 Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfer Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media. Evaluate questions about the advantages of using a digital transmission and storage of information. Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other. Evaluate the validity and reliability of claims in published materials of the effects that different frequencies of electromagnetic radiation have when absorbed by matter % HS-PS4-5 Communicate technical information about how some technological devices use the principles of wave behavior and wave interactions with matter to transmit and capture information and energy % HS-PS4-6 HS-LS1 HS-LS1-1 HS-LS1-2 Use mathematical models to determine relationships among the size and location of images, size and location of objects, and focal lengths of lenses and mirrors. From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the structure of D determines the structure of proteins which carry out the essential functions of life through systems of specialized cells. Develop and use a model to illustrate the hierarchical organization of interacting systems that provide specific functions within multicellular organisms % 5 2.3% Page 4 of 9 NGSS High School Summary Blueprint- New York (IS13, IS14, IS15, PT1, PT2, PT3)

25 HS-LS1-3 HS-LS1-4 HS-LS1-5 HS-LS1-6 HS-LS1-7 HS-LS1-8 HS-LS2 HS-LS2-1 HS-LS2-2 HS-LS2-3 HS-LS2-4 Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that feedback mechanisms maintain homeostasis. Use a model to illustrate the role of cellular division (mitosis) and differentiation in producing and maintaining complex organisms. Use a model to illustrate how photosynthesis transforms light energy into stored chemical energy. Construct and revise an explanation based on evidence for how carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen from sugar molecules may combine with other elements to form amino acids and/or other large carbon-based molecules. Use a model to illustrate that cellular respiration is a chemical process whereby the bonds of food molecules and oxygen molecules are broken and the bonds in new compounds are formed resulting in a net transfer of energy. Use models to illustrate how human reproduction and development maintains continuity of life. Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics Use mathematical and/or computational representations to support explanations of factors that affect carrying capacity of ecosystems at different scales. Use mathematical representations to support and revise explanations based on evidence about factors affecting biodiversity and populations in ecosystems of different scales. Construct and revise an explanation based on evidence for the cycling of matter and flow of energy in aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Use mathematical representations to support claims for the cycling of matter and flow of energy among organisms in an ecosystem % 1 0.5% Page 5 of 9 NGSS High School Summary Blueprint- New York (IS13, IS14, IS15, PT1, PT2, PT3)

26 HS-LS2-5 Develop a model to illustrate the role of photosynthesis and cellular respiration in the cycling of carbon among the biosphere atmosphere, hydrosphere, and geosphere % HS-LS2-6 Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning that the complex interactions in ecosystems maintain relatively consistent numbers and types of organisms in stable conditions, but changing conditions may result in a new ecosystem. HS-LS2-7 Design, evaluate, and refine a solution for reducing the impacts of human activities on the environment and biodiversity. HS-LS2-8 HS-LS3 HS-LS3-1 Evaluate the evidence for the role of group behavior on individual and species chances to survive and reproduce. Heredity: Inheritance and Variation of Traits Ask questions to clarify relationships about the role of D and chromosomes in coding the instructions for characteristic traits passed from parents to offspring. HS-LS3-2 HS-LS3-3 HS-LS4 HS-LS4-1 Make and defend a claim based on evidence that inheritable genetic variations may result from: (1) new genetic combinations through meiosis, (2) viable errors occurring during replication, and/or (3) mutations caused by environmental factors. Apply concepts of statistics and probability to explain the variation and distribution of expressed traits in a population. Biological Evolution: Unity and Diversity Communicate scientific information that common ancestry and biological evolution are supported by multiple lines of empirical evidence. Page 6 of 9 NGSS High School Summary Blueprint- New York (IS13, IS14, IS15, PT1, PT2, PT3)

27 HS-LS4-2 HS-LS4-3 HS-LS4-4 HS-LS4-5 HS-ESS1 HS-ESS1-1 HS-ESS1-2 HS-ESS1-3 HS-ESS1-4 Construct an explanation based on evidence that the process of evolution primarily results from four factors: (1) the potential for a species to increase in number, (2) the heritable genetic variation of individuals in a species due to mutation and sexual reproduction, (3) competition for limited resources, and (4) the proliferation of those organisms that are better able to survive and reproduce in the environment. Apply concepts of statistics and probability to support explanations that organisms with an advantageous heritable trait tend to increase in proportion to organisms lacking this trait. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how natural selection leads to adaptation of populations. Evaluate the evidence supporting claims that changes in environmental conditions may result in: (1) increases in the number of individuals of some species, (2) the emergence of new species over time, and (3) the extinction of other species. Earth s Place in the Universe Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the life span of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun s core to release energy that eventually reaches Earth in the form of radiation. Construct an explanation of the Big Bang theory based on astronomical evidence of light spectra, motion of distant galaxies, and composition of matter in the universe. Communicate scientific ideas about the way stars, over their life cycle, produce elements. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system. Page 7 of 9 NGSS High School Summary Blueprint- New York (IS13, IS14, IS15, PT1, PT2, PT3)

28 HS-ESS1-5 Evaluate evidence of the past and current movements of continental and oceanic crust and the theory of plate tectonics to explain the ages of crustal rocks. HS-ESS1-6 HS-ESS1-7 HS-ESS2 HS-ESS2-1 HS-ESS2-2 HS-ESS2-3 HS-ESS2-4 HS-ESS2-5 HS-ESS2-6 HS-ESS2-7 Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth s formation and early history. Construct an explanation using evidence to support the claim that the phases of the moon, eclipses, tides and seasons change cyclically. Earth s Systems Develop a model to illustrate how Earth s internal and surface processes operate at different spatial and temporal scales to form continental and ocean-floor features. Analyze geoscience data to make the claim that one change to Earth s surface can create feedbacks that cause changes to other Earth systems. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection. Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth's systems result in changes in climate. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes. Develop a quantitative model to describe the cycling of carbon among the hydrosphere, atmosphere, geosphere, and biosphere. Construct an argument based on evidence about the simultaneous coevolution of Earth's systems and life on Earth % % % % 6 2.8% % % % % % Page 8 of 9 NGSS High School Summary Blueprint- New York (IS13, IS14, IS15, PT1, PT2, PT3)

29 HS-ESS2-8 HS-ESS3 HS-ESS3-1 HS-ESS3-2 HS-ESS3-3 HS-ESS3-4 HS-ESS3-5 HS-ESS3-6 Evaluate data and communicate information to explain how the movement and interactions of air masses result in changes in weather conditions. Earth and Human Activity Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on costbenefit ratios. Create a computational simulation to illustrate the relationships among management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems. Analyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth systems. Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity % 1 7.7% % % % % % 6 2.8% % % % Page 9 of 9 NGSS High School Summary Blueprint- New York (IS13, IS14, IS15, PT1, PT2, PT3)

30 NGSS HS: Structure and Properties of Matter (NY IS1) Item Number Context: Item Type DOK Pts Performance Expectation 1 Multiple Choice 2 1 HS-PS1-1 2 TEI: Cloze Drop-down 2 1 HS-PS1-1 3 Extended Response 3 4 HS-PS1-1 4 TEI: Classification 3 1 HS-PS1-1 Context: Liquid Investigation Context: Context: 5 Multiple Choice 2 1 HS-PS1-3 6 Short Constructed Response 3 2 HS-PS1-3 7 Extended Response 3 4 HS-PS1-3 8 TEI: Cloze Drop-down 2 1 HS-PS1-3 9 Multiple Choice 1 1 HS-PS TEI: Classification 2 1 HS-PS Extended Response 3 4 HS-PS TEI: Simple Chart 2 1 HS-PS1-8 Science and Engineering Practices Planning and Carrying Out Investigations Planning and Carrying Out Investigations Planning and Carrying Out Investigations Planning and Carrying Out Investigations Crosscutting Concepts Disciplinary Core Ideas CCSS ELA CCSS Math Patterns PS1.A Patterns PS1.A Patterns PS1.A Patterns PS1.A Patterns PS1.A.3 N/A Patterns PS1.A.3 WHST N/A Patterns PS1.A.3 WHST N/A Patterns PS1.A.3 RST , RST Energy and Matter PS1.C RST , Energy and Matter Energy and Matter Energy and Matter PS1.C PS1.C PS1.C RST , RST , RST , RST , WHST RST , RST , N/A MP.4 MP.4 MP.4 MP.4

31 13 TEI: Cloze Drop-down 2 1 HS-PS Multiple Choice 2 1 HS-PS TEI: Classification 1 1 HS-PS Extended Response 3 4 HS-PS Multiple Choice 3 1 HS-PS Short Constructed Response 3 2 HS-PS1-10 Obtaining, Evaluating, and Communicating Information Obtaining, Evaluating, and Communicating Information Obtaining, Evaluating, and Communicating Information Obtaining, Evaluating, and Communicating Information Analyzing and Interpreting Data Engaging in Argument From Evidence Structure and Function Structure and Function Structure and Function Structure and Function PS2.B PS2.B PS2.B PS2.B RST RST RST WHST HSN-Q.A.3 HSN-Q.A.3 HSN-Q.A.3 HSN-Q.A.3 Patterns PS1.A N/A MP.4 Patterns PS1.A RST , WHST N/A

32 NGSS HS: Chemical Reactions (NY IS2) Item Number Context: Item Type DOK Pts Performance Expectation Science and Engineering Practices Crosscutting Concepts Disciplinary Core Ideas CCSS ELA CCSS Math 1 TEI: Cloze Drop Down 2 1 HS-PS1-2 Patterns PS1.A & PS1.B N/A HSN-Q.A.3 2 Multiple Choice 2 1 HS-PS1-2 Patterns PS1.A & PS1.B N/A HSN-Q.A.3 3 TEI: Cloze Association 2 1 HS-PS1-2 Context: Flow of Heat Energy 4 Multiple Choice 2 1 HS-PS1-4 5 Short Constructed Response 3 2 HS-PS1-4 6 TEI: Image Cloze Association 2 1 HS-PS1-4 7 Multiple Correct Answer 2 1 HS-PS1-4 Context: Jon and Chemical Reactions 8 Linked Multiple Choice 3 1 HS-PS1-5 9 TEI: Cloze Drop-down 2 1 HS-PS1-5 Context: The Application of Le Chatelier s Principle 11 TEI: Classification 2 1 HS-PS1-6 Patterns PS1.A & PS1.B N/A HSN-Q.A.3 Energy and Matter PS1.A.4 & PS1.B.1 N/A N/A Energy and Matter PS1.A.4 & PS1.B.1 RST , WHST N/A Energy and Matter PS1.A.4 & PS1.B.1 N/A N/A Energy and Matter PS1.A.4 & PS1.B.1 N/A N/A Patterns PS1.B N/A N/A Patterns PS1.B N/A N/A PS1.B N/A N/A 12 Short Constructed Response 2 2 HS-PS1-6 PS1.B WHST N/A

33 13 TEI: Cloze Drop-down 2 1 HS-PS1-6 PS1.B N/A N/A 14 Multiple Choice 2 1 HS-PS1-6 Context: Methane Gas 15 TEI: Cloze Drop Down 2 1 HS-PS1-7 PS1.B N/A N/A Energy and Matter PS1.B.3 N/A MP2 16 TEI: Math Formula 2 1 HS-PS1-7 Energy and Matter PS1.B.3 N/A HSN.Q.A.1, MP2 17 Short Constructed Response 2 2 HS-PS1-7 Energy and Matter PS1.B.3 WHST HSN.Q.A.1, MP2 18 TEI: Cloze Association 2 1 HS-PS Multiple Correct Answer 2 2 HS-PS Multiple Choice 2 1 HS-PS1-12 Energy and Matter PS1.B.3 N/A HSN.Q.A.1, MP2 Planning and Carrying Out Investigations Patterns N/A RST MP.4 Engaging in Argument From Evidence Energy and Matter N/A RST MP.2

34 NGSS HS: Forces and Interactions (NY IS3) Item Item Type DOK Pts Number Context: Nash's Experiment Performance Expectation 1 Multiple Choice 2 1 HS-PS2-1 2 Multiple Correct Answer 2 1 HS-PS2-1 3 TEI: Math Formula 2 1 HS-PS2-1 4 Short Constructed Response 3 2 HS-PS2-1 5 TEI: Cloze Drop-Down 2 1 HS-PS2-1 Context: Curling Science and Engineering Practices Analyzing and Interpreting Data Analyzing and Interpreting Data Analyzing and Interpreting Data Analyzing and Interpreting Data Analyzing and Interpreting Data Crosscutting Concepts Disciplinary Core Ideas PS2.A.1 PS2.A.1 CCSS ELA RST , RST RST , RST PS2.A.1 N/A PS2.A.1 PS2.A.1 RST , RST , WHST A RST , RST CCSS Math HSF.IF.C.7, MP4 HSF.IF.C.4, MP2 HSN.Q.A.1, MP2 HSN.Q.A.1, MP2 HSN.Q.A.1, MP2 6 TEI: Cloze Drop-Down 2 1 HS-PS2-2 Systems and System PS2.A.2 & PS2.A.3 RST , RST HSN.Q.A.1, MP2 7 Extended Response 3 4 HS-PS2-2 Systems and System PS2.A.2 & PS2.A.3 WHST B HSN.Q.A.1, MP2, MP3 8 Multiple Choice 2 1 HS-PS2-2 Systems and System PS2.A.2 & PS2.A.3 RST , RST HSN.Q.A.1, MP2 9 Multiple Choice 2 1 HS-PS2-2 Systems and System PS2.A.2 & PS2.A.3 N/A HSA.CED.A.1, MP2 10 Multiple Correct Answer 2 1 HS-PS2-2 Systems and System PS2.A.2 & PS2.A.3 N/A N/A Context: Rock Climbing 11 Multiple Choice 2 1 HS-PS2-3 PS2.A.3 RST , RST MP2 12 TEI: Math Formula 2 1 HS-PS2-3 PS2.A.3 N/A MP2

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