1 User Manual Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- Columns Revision 03 October 05
2 Product Manual for the Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- Column Page of 3 Product Manual for Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- Columns 5µm, 0 x 50 mm, P/N µm, 4.6 x 50 mm, P/N µm, 4.6 x 50 mm, P/N µm,. x 50 mm, P/N µm, 3.0 x 50mm, P/N µm, 3.0 x 50mm, P/N µm,. x 50mm, P/N Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- Guards 4.3 x 0 mm, P/N x 0 mm, P/N x 0mm, P/N x 0mm, P/N
3 Product Manual for the Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- Column Page 3 of 3 TABLE OF CONTENTS SECTION INTRODUCTION Comparison of Mixed-Mode Chromatography with Reversed-Phase, Ion-exchange and Ion-pairing Chromatography Features Specifications and Recommended Operating Conditions Physical Characteristics Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- Products... 5 SECTION INSTALLATION: Step-by-Step User Guide... 6 SECTION 3 METHOD DEVELOPMENT Ionic Strength Organic Modifier Mobile Phase ph Isocratic vs. Gradient... 8 Figure Adjustable Selectivity - Ionic Strength Effect... 9 Figure Adjustable Selectivity - ph Effect... 0 Figure 3 Adjustable Selectivity- Organic Modifier Effect HILIC Mode (Figure 4) Buffer Types... SECTION 4 COLUMN CARE Mobile phases Guard cartridges Column storage Column ph range Recommended operating temperature limit <50 ºC Flow rate and pressure limit Column washing procedure SECTION 5 FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS... 4 Figure 5 Separation of Mono-Valent Carboxylic Acids... 6 Figure 6 Seperation of Lactate, Acetate and Ascorbate... 7 Figure 7 Separation of Quinic Acid and Tartaric Acid... 8 Figure 8 Isocratic Separation of Basic, Neutral and Acidic Molecules... 9 Figure 9 Gradient Seperation of Basic, Neutral and Acidic Pharmaceticals... 0 Figure 0 Rapid Analisys of Soft Drinks... Figure Orthogonal Selectivity to Reversed-Phase Columns I... Figure Orthogonal Selectivity to Reversed-Phase Column II... 3 Figure 3 Melamine and Cyanuric Acid on Mixed-Mode WAX-... 4
4 Product Manual for the Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- Column Page 4 of 3 SECTION INTRODUCTION The Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- column is based on a new mixed-mode silica-based packing material that incorporates both hydrophobic and weak anion-exchange properties. Unlike traditional reversed-phase stationary phases, the new packing features an alkyl long chain with an ionizable terminus, and demonstrates great potentials for separating a wide range of anionic compounds containing mixtures, including pharmaceuticals, food & beverage, chemical, and more... Comparison of Mixed-Mode Chromatography with Reversed-Phase, Ion-exchange and Ion-pairing Chromatography Reversed-phase (RP) silica columns (e.g. C8) are the most widely used stationary phases for a wide range of liquid chromatography (LC) separations. However, hydrophilic ionic compounds such as small organic acids or inorganic ions are poorly retained and separated on these columns. Ion exchange columns are used to separate ionic or ionizable compounds such as proteins, nucleic acids, inorganic ions, small organic acids, etc. Because most conventional ion-exchange stationary phases provide inadequate hydrophobic retention for neutral molecules, they have limited applications in small molecules separations. Ion pairing chromatography is a method for separating ionic or ionizable compounds on a conventional RP medium, which requires hydrophobic ionic compounds, typically comprised of an alkyl chain with an ionizable terminus, are added to the mobile phase. Generally, retention of neutral analytes is nearly unaffected, while analytes with charges complementary to the ion pairing reagent are retained for a longer period of time and analytes with the same charge as the ion pairing reagent are retained for a shorter period of time. Limitations of ion pairing chromatography include long column equilibration times and the quantity of solvent and time needed to elute the ion pairing reagent from the column. Mixed-mode chromatography combines aspects of ion exchange chromatography and conventional reversed-phase chromatography. A mixed-mode stationary phase has both hydrophobic and ion-exchange properties. These two strong interactions of the phase with analytes allow for controlling retention of ionizable and neutral molecules independently. As a result, many application challenges involving hydrophilic ionizable compounds that are difficult for C8 columns, can be easily tackled on a mixed-mode column... Features. Adjustable selectivity.. Selectivity complementary to reversed-phase columns. 3. Simultaneous separation of acidic, basic, and neutral molecules. 4. High capacity and unique selectivity for anionic molecules. 5. Multi-mode retention mechanisms: reversed-phase, anion-exchange, and HILIC modes.
5 Product Manual for the Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- Column Page 5 of 3.3. Specifications and Recommended Operating Conditions Shipping Solution 90 / 0 Acetonitrile / 00mM Ammonium Acetate Storage Solution: 90 / 0 Acetonitrile / 00mM Ammonium Acetate Buffer ph Range: ph Temperature Range < 50 C Stationary Phase Particle Size Column Dimensions P/N Mixed-Mode WAX- 3 µm 5 µm.x50 mm psi 3.0x50 mm psi 3.0x50 mm psi.x50 mm psi 4.6x50 mm psi 4.6x50 mm psi 0 x 50 mm psi Max Recommended Pressure Typical Flow Rate ml/min ml/min ml/min ml/min ml/min ml/min ml/min.4. Physical Characteristics Bonding Chemistry: Proprietary alkyl Silica Substrate: Spherical, high-purity Particle sizes 5 µm and 3 µm Surface area 300 m /g Pore size 0 Å.5. Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- Products Part number Description Dimensions Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- Particle size Column Dimensions P/N.x50 mm µm 3.0x50 mm Analytical 3.0x50 mm x50 mm µm 4.6x50 mm x50 mm Semi-preparative 0x50 mm x 0mm Requires Holder p/n Guard 5µm. x 0mm Requires Holder V- p/n x 0mm Requires Holder V- p/n x 0mm Requires Holder V- p/n
6 Product Manual for the Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- Column Page 6 of 3 SECTION INSTALLATION: STEP-BY-STEP USER GUIDE Step Validating Column performance Dionex recommends that you perform an efficiency test on your Acclaim Mixed-Mode HILIC column before use. The purpose of column performance validation is to ensure no damage has occurred during shipping. Test the column using the conditions described on the Quality Assurance (QA) Report enclosed in the column box. Repeat the test periodically to track the column performance over time. Note that slight variations may be obtained on two different HPLC systems due to system electronic, plumbing, operating environment, reagent quality, column conditioning, and operator technique. The steps below outline the steps in preparing your system and using your column. Step Mobile phase preparation Obtaining reliable, consistent and accurate results require mobile phases that are free of ionic and spectrophotometric impurities. Chemicals, solvents and de-ionized water used to prepare mobile phase should be of the highest purity available. Maintaining low trace impurities and low particle levels in mobile phases helps to protect your columns and system components. DIONEX cannot guarantee proper column performance when the quality of the chemicals, solvents and water used to prepare the mobile phase has been compromised. De-ionized Water The de-ionized water used to prepare the mobile phase should be Type Reagent Grade Water, or HPLC Grade Water. The de-ionized water should be free of ionized impurities, organics, microorganisms and particulate matter larger than 0. µm. Many commercial water purifiers are designed for HPLC applications and are suitable for these applications.! NOTE Degas the aqueous component of the mobile phase and then add the solvent component. Avoid excessive purging or degassing of mobile phases containing solvents, if possible, since the volatile solvent can be 'boiled' off from the solution. Solvents The solvents used must be free from ionic and UV-absorbing impurities. Use of ultrahigh purity solvents, HPLC grade, will usually ensure that your chromatography is not affected by impurities in the solvent. Mobile Phase for Column Performance Test: Depending on specific application, the mobile phase system consists of an organic modifier (e.g. acetonitrile or methanol) and a buffer (e.g. phosphate buffer). Example A. Preparation of 50 mm, ph phosphate buffer.. Weigh 7.90 ± 0.05 g of sodium phosphate monobasic monohydrate and 0.5 ± 0.0 g of tetrasodium pyrophosphate decahydrate*.. Completely dissolve above two salts in 000 ± 0 g of D.I. water. 3. Add 0.96 ± 0.0 g of 50% sodium hydroxide solution and mix thoroughly. 4. Check that the ph is Filter through a 0.5 µm (or smaller) membrane. 6. Discard the buffer after two weeks. * Pyrophosphate is used to eliminate metal interference from stainless steel instrument (pump head, autosampler, tubing, etc) and column hardware.
7 Product Manual for the Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- Column Page 7 of 3 Example B. Preparation of a mobile phase containing 50 mm, ph 6 phosphate buffer and acetonitrile (50:50 v/v). Pre-mixed: mix 500 ± g of 50 mm, ph 6 phosphate buffer and 390 ± g of acetonitrile; mix thoroughly and degas using an ultrasonic bath. HPLC proportioning: 50% acetonitrile, 50% buffer. Avoid precipitation of the phosphate buffer; do not exceed 70% acetonitrile.! NOTE These two mobile phases could give slightly different results due to the ways they are prepared. Step 3 Set up the LC system Use a standard LC system equipped with a LC pump, a column oven, a UV detector, and an injector (or an auto-sampler). The system should be thoroughly primed before use. Step 4 Condition the column The column is shipped in an acetonitrile-water mixture, therefore when a new column is used for the first time, it should be washed thoroughly with the mobile phase (e.g., for at least 45 min at the normal flow rate) before any injection is made. When switching to a new mobile phase, make sure that the new mobile phase is compatible with the previous mobile phase in the column to avoid column clogging due to precipitation. The column should be fully conditioned before any injection is made (e.g. at least 45 min at the normal flow rate). Step 5 Reproduce the chromatogram in the Quality Assurance Report Perform the column performance test using the conditions described in the Quality Assurance Report and compare the result with the one in the report. After the column is fully equilibrated, multiple injections should be made until the reproducible retention is obtained. Keep a record of the column performance for future reference.! NOTE Due to various reasons, such as differences in LC systems, mobile phases oven temperature control, etc, you may observe slightly different retention time for the iodide peak from that in the report. Step 6 Real sample analysis Contamination of the column by particulate matter in the sample is a leading cause of column failure. Symptoms may include high pressure, poor symmetry, extraneous peaks, or low efficiency. Pass the sample through a 0.5µm or smaller porosity filter before injection. Biological samples are especially troublesome due to dissolved proteins that may precipitate some time after the initial preparation.
8 Product Manual for the Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- Column Page 8 of 3 SECTION 3 METHOD DEVELOPMENT To optimize chromatographic methods, mobile phase ionic strength, ph, and organic modifier are three key variables that can be adjusted either independently or concurrently. (Figure see pg. 8, Figure see pg.9, Figure 3 see pg.0) 3.. Ionic Strength Ionic strength is crucial for changing retention of charged molecules. An increase in ionic strength can create the following results: a) Retention decrease for acidic molecules b) Retention increase for basic molecules e) Minimal effect for neutral molecules 3.. Organic Modifier Hydrophobic retention is markedly affected by organic modifier composition in the mobile phase. In general, all types of molecules (acids, bases, and neutrals) are less retained on this column with increased organic content in the mobile phase, when keeping other conditions constant (e.g. ionic strength, ph, temperature, etc) Mobile Phase ph Although ph has little effect on retaining neutral molecules, it affects anionic molecules significantly. For example, with ph decrease, molecules containing carboxylic groups are less negatively charged, giving rise to decreased ion-exchange retention Isocratic vs. Gradient For many applications that involve small number of analytes, it is usually easier to develop an isocratic method on the Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- column than a reversed-phase column. For more complicated separations, such as one that concerns a mixture of molecules with different types and numbers of charge, as well as different hydrophobicity, a gradient method could be advantageous. In practical, ionic strength gradient, organic modifier gradient, or a combination of both has proven to be satisfactory with respect to reproducibility and simplicity.
9 Product Manual for the Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- Column Page 9 of 3 Figure Adjustable Selectivity - Ionic Strength Effect 00 mm phosphate buffer, ph6 AU 0 mm phosphate buffer, ph Minutes Column: Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX, 5 µm Dimension: 4.6x50 mm Mobile Phase: 50/50 v/v acetonitrile/phosphate buffer Temperature: 30 C Flow Rate: ml/min Inj. Volume: µl Detection: 0 nm Peaks:. Butylbenzene (0. mg/ml). 4-Hydroxybenzoic acid (0.5 mg/ml) CO H Butylbenzene 4-Hydroxybenzoic acid
10 Product Manual for the Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- Column Page 0 of 3 Figure Adjustable Selectivity - ph Effect ph6.0 AU ph Minutes Column: Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX, 5 µm Dimension: 4.6x50 mm Mobile Phase: 50/50 v/v acetonitrile/0 mm phosphate buffer Temperature: 30 C Flow Rate: ml/min Inj. Volume: µl Detection: 0 nm Peaks:. Butylbenzene (0. mg/ml). 4-Hydroxybenzoic acid (0.5 mg/ml) CO H Butylbenzene 4-Hydroxybenzoic acid
11 Product Manual for the Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- Column Page of 3 Figure 3 Adjustable Selectivity- Organic Modifier Effect 50/50 v/v acetonitrile/0 mm phosphate buffer, ph6 AU 45/55 v/v acetonitrile/0 mm phosphate buffer, ph Minutes Column: Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX, 5 µm Dimension: 4.6x50 mm Mobile Phase: see chromatograms Temperature: 30 C Flow Rate: ml/min Inj. Volume: µl Detection: 0 nm Peaks:. Butylbenzene (0. mg/ml). 4-Hydroxybenzoic acid (0.5 mg/ml) CO H Butylbenzene 4-Hydroxybenzoic acid
12 Product Manual for the Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- Column Page of HILIC Mode The Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- column can operate in HILIC mode. In this mode, acetonitrile (not methanol) should be used in a range of 70 to 00% acetonitrile. The elution power can be modified by the employment of a polar solvent, such as an aqueous buffer. Using this column in HILIC mode provides increased retention for highly polar molecules. In general the higher the organic content in mobile phase, the longer the retention for a highly polar compound. Separation of Amino Acids in HILIC Mode AU Minutes Column: Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX, 5 µm Dimensions: 4.6 x 50 mm Mobile phase: 5/75 v/v 5 mm phosphate buffer, ph6.0/acetonitrile Temperature: 30 C Flow rate: ml/min Injection vol.: 0 µl Detection: UV, 0 nm Peaks:. Leucine. Isoleucine 3. Valine 4. Alanine 5. Serine 6. Glycine Figure Buffer Types The Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- column should not be used with non-buffered aqueous mobile phase, whether alone or with an organic modifier. Phosphate buffers have proven to be useful for most HPLC applications. An acetate or formate buffer may also be applicable, depending on applications.
13 Product Manual for the Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- Column Page 3 of 3 SECTION 4 COLUMN CARE 4.. Mobile phases Mobile phases should be freshly prepared. All chemicals and solvents should be at the highest available quality. All mobile phases should be filtered before use. In-liner filters are recommended. 4.. Guard cartridges It is highly recommended that a guard cartridge be used with the analytical column, and replaced periodically depending on the nature of the sample. Failing to do so may result in rapid deterioration of column performance, and short column lifetime Column storage The column can be stored in the mobile phase for a short period of time. For long term storage, use a buffered solution with higher organic content, such as 90 / 0 Acetonitrile / 00mM Ammonium Acetate ph between 3.8 to Column ph range ph.5 to 7.0 To obtain better column lifetime, it is highly recommended to use silica friendlily mobile phases. While the ph limit of the column is ph.5 to 7 the recommended operating ph range is between Recommended operating temperature limit <50 ºC Although our experimental results indicated that the column could be used at 50 C, the separation is usually optimized by modifying mobile phase ionic strength, ph, and/or organic modifier content. Elevated temperature is not recommended and should be avoided Flow rate and pressure limit Usually, good column efficiency for a 4.6mm internal diameter column can be obtained at ml/min while a higher flow rate ( ml/min) can be used for fast analysis provided that the pressure limit is not exceeded. The.mm internal diameter columns are normally used at 0. to 0.8 ml/min provided that the pressure limit is not exceeded. It is extremely important not to impose sudden column pressure surge. Thus increase flow rate gradually from 0.5 ml/min up to the desired flow rate. The pressure limit for the column is 4000 psi Column washing procedure When the column washing practice is needed, such as deteriorated column performance and/or excessively high backpressure, the following procedure can be used as a guideline:. Wash the column with 0 mm phosphate buffer, ph 3/acetonitrile v/v 50/50 for 3 column volumes at a flow rate between 0.5 to ml/min.. Wash the column with 50 mm phosphate buffer, ph 3 /acetonitrile v/v 50/50 for 30 column volumes at a flow rate between 0.5 to ml/min (to remove strongly retained anionic compounds). 3. Wash the column with 0 mm phosphate buffer, ph 3 /acetonitrile v/v 50/50 for 3 column volumes at a flow rate between 0.5 to ml/min. 4. Wash the column with 0 mm phosphate buffer, ph 3 /acetonitrile v/v 75/5 for 30 column volumes at a flow rate between 0.5 to ml/min (to remove strongly retained hydrophobic compounds). 5. Equilibrate the column with the mobile phase.! NOTE Before any injection is made, the column should be equilibrated with a mobile phase for at least 30 column volumes. If the above treatment fails to improve the column performance, replace it with a new one. For a. mm i.d. column, the flow rate should be reduced to 0% of that for 4.6 mm i.d. column. If the above treatment fails to revive the column, the column should be replaced.
14 Product Manual for the Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- Column Page 4 of 3 SECTION 5 FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS. What is the Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- column? The Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- column is a new mixed-mode silica column that incorporates both hydrophobic and weak anion-exchange properties. Its surface chemistry features an alkyl long chain with a weak anion-exchange terminus. This column has demonstrated great potentials for separating a wide range of anionic compounds containing mixtures, including pharmaceuticals, food & beverage, chemical, and more.. Why do I need the Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- column? The mixed mode separation mechanism of the Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- column allows for controlling retention of ionizable and neutral molecules by change mobile phase ionic strength, ph, and organic composition, either independently or collaboratively. As a result, many application challenges involving hydrophilic ionizable compounds that are difficult for C8 columns, can be easily accomplished on this column. 3. When do I need the Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- column? Here are some situations among others you may consider using the Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- column: ) Separation of hydrophilic organic acids. (Figures 5 see pg.5, Figure 6 see pg.6, Figure 7 see pg.7) ) Simultaneous separation of acidic, neutral, and hydrophobic pharmaceuticals. (Figures 8 see pg.8, Figure 9 see pg.9) 3) Fast analysis of soft drinks. (Figure 0 see pg. 0) 4) When you need selectivity orthogonal to a reversed-phase column. (Figure see pg., Figure see pg.) 4. What factors should I consider for method development using this column? There are three main factors that affect column selectivity: mobile phase ionic strength, mobile phase ph, and mobile phase organic composition. You can optimize your separation by changing one, two, or all three factors. See Section 3 - Method Development for details. 5. What mobile phases should I use with this column? Phosphate buffer works satisfactorily in many applications. Depending on the application, the buffer concentration range can be between 0 mm to 50 mm, and ph range should be in the range.5 to 7. When an organic modifier is used, make sure to keep it miscible with the buffer solution. A formate or acetate buffer can also be used in some applications. 6. What should I do before starting using Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- column? Read this User Guide carefully, and contact Dionex Technical Support if you have any questions regarding using this column. 7. Can I use this column for separating hydrophilic organic acids? Yes. You can use this column to separate a wide range of organic acids that are difficult to separate on reversed-phase columns. 8. How to store the column? Refer to Section 4.3. Column storage for details. 9. Can I use this column to analyze basic molecules? This column is suitable to analyze basic molecules with intermediate to high hydrophobicity under proper chromatographic conditions. Good peak shape is usually expected on this column. 0. Can I use this column to analyze neutral molecules? Yes. This column provides intermediate hydrophobic retention so that neutral molecules with intermediate to high hydrophobic retention can be retained sufficiently. For highly hydrophilic/polar molecules, a HILIC mode separation using this column should be considered.
15 Product Manual for the Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- Column Page 5 of 3. Can I use this column to separate a mixture of basic, acidic, and neutral molecules? Yes. As shown in Figures 8 and 9 the Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- separates a mixture of basic, neutral, and acidic molecules in a single, with excellent peak shape and resolution. It provides higher degree of flexibility for application method development compared to both conventional reversed-phase and ion-exchange columns.. Do I need a guard cartridge with an Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- analytical column? Yes. It is highly recommended to use guard cartridges with an Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- analytical column. The guard cartridge protects the more expensive analytical column by trapping highly retained components and particulates from the mobile phase or the sample. 3. What should I do if the column shows deteriorated performance? Refer to Section 4.7. Column washing procedure for details. 4. What should I do if the column exhibits excessively high backpressure? First, make sure that the mobile phase is freshly prepared and filtered before use, and that the sample are free of particulates. Then, back flush the column for certain amount of time while monitoring the change in column pressure. If problem persists, try to replace the inlet bed support. If all above fail, purchase a new column.
16 Product Manual for the Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- Column Page 6 of 3 Figure 5 Separation of Mono-Valent Carboxylic Acids AU Minutes Column: Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX, 5 µm Dimensions: 4.6 x50mm Mobile phase: 5 mm phosphate buffer, ph6 Temperature: 30 C Flow rate: 0.8 ml/min Injection vol.: 0 µl Detection: 0 nm Peaks:. Quinic acid. Shikimic acid 3. Glycolic acid 4. Lactic acid 5. Acetic acid 6. Formic 7. Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) 8. Iso-ascorbic acid 9. Propionic acid
17 Product Manual for the Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- Column Page 7 of 3 Figure 6 Seperation of Lactate, Acetate and Ascorbate Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX (5 μm, 4.6x50 mm) 3 AU Acclaim OA (5 μm, 4.6x50 mm), Minutes Mobile Phase: 0 mm phosphate buffer, ph6.0 for Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX 50 mm phosphate buffer, ph.6 for Acclaim OA Temperature: 30 C Flow Rate: ml/min Inj. Volume: 5 µl Detection: 0 nm Peaks:. Lactic acid (0.8 mg/ml). Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) (0.5 mg/ml) 3. Acetic acid (0.8 mg/ml) HO HO HO O O Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) O Lactic acid O Acetic acid
18 Product Manual for the Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- Column Page 8 of 3 Figure 7 Separation of Quinic Acid and Tartaric Acid Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX (5 μm, 4.6x50 mm) AU, A RP column (5 μm, 4.6x50 mm) Minutes Mobile Phase: 40/60 v/v acetonitrile/50 mm phosphate buffer, ph6.0 for Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX 50 mm phosphate buffer, ph.6 for a RP column Temperature: 30 C Flow Rate: ml/min Inj. Volume: 5 µl Detection: 0 nm Peaks:. Quinic acid ( mg/ml). Tartaric acid ( mg/ml) HO O HO HO O O Quinic acid Tartaric acid
19 Product Manual for the Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- Column Page 9 of 3 Figure 8 Isocratic Separation of Basic, Neutral and Acidic Molecules Column: Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX, 5 µm Dimension: 4.6 x 50 mm Mobile Phase: 50/50 v/v Acetonitrile/buffer (6.8 g potassium monophosphate and 0.5 g pyrophosphate in 000 g D.I. H O, ph is adjusted to 6.0 with Na) Temperature: 30 C Flow Rate: ml/min Inj. Volume: 5 µl Detection: 0 nm
20 Product Manual for the Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- Column Page 0 of 3 Figure 9 Gradient Seperation of Basic, Neutral and Acidic Pharmaceticals Column: Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX, 5 µm Dimension: 4.6 x 50 mm Mobile Phase: A Acetonitrile; B D.I. water; C 50 mm phosphate buffer, ph6.0 Gradient: Time %A %B %C Temperature: 30 C Flow Rate: ml/min Inj. Volume: 5 µl Detection: 0 nm
21 Product Manual for the Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- Column Page of 3 Figure 0 Rapid Analisys of Soft Drinks Diet PEPSI 4 5 Diet COKE AU 4 5 Standard Minutes 3 minutes Column: Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX, 5 µm Dimension: 4.6 x 50 mm Mobile Phase: 57/43 v/v Acetonitrile/ 0 mm phosphate buffer, ph.9 Temperature: 30 C Flow Rate: ml/min Inj. Volume:.5 µl Detection: 0 nm Sample: Direct injection of degassed sample Peaks:. Caffeine. Aspartame 3. Sorbate 4. Benzoate 5. Citrate 6. Acesulfame Diet Pepsi is a registered trademark of Pepsi-Cola Company. Diet Coca-Cola is a registered trademark of the Coca-Cola Company.
22 Product Manual for the Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- Column Page of 3 Figure Orthogonal Selectivity to Reversed-Phase Columns I 3 CO H CO H Acclaim 0 C8 column (5 μm, 4.6x50 mm) CO H AU Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX (5 μm, 4.6x50 mm) Minutes Mobile Phase: 50/50 v/v acetonitrile/50 mm phosphate buffer, ph.8 for Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX 0/80 v/v acetonitrile/50 mm phosphate buffer, ph.8 for Acclaim 0 C8 column Temperature: 30 C Flow Rate: ml/min Inj. Volume: µl Detection: 0 nm Peaks:. Benzoic acid (0. mg/ml). Phthalic acid (0. mg/ml) 3.,,3-Tricarboxylic benzene (0. mg/ml)
23 Product Manual for the Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- Column Page 3 of 3 Figure Orthogonal Selectivity to Reversed-Phase Column II Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX (5 μm, 4.6x50 mm) 3 4 AU 3 4 Acclaim OA column (5 μm, 4.6x50 mm) Minutes Mobile Phase: 50/50 v/v acetonitrile/00 mm phosphate buffer, ph6.0 for Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX 50 mm phosphate buffer, ph.6 for Acclaim OA column Temperature: 30 C Flow Rate: ml/min Inj. Volume: 5 µl Detection: 0 nm Peaks:. Succinic acid (0.5 mg/ml). Tartaric acid (0.5 mg/ml) 3. Oxalic acid (0. mg/ml) 4. Citric acid (0.5 mg/ml)
24 Intensity [counts] Product Manual for the Acclaim Mixed-Mode WAX- Column Page 4 of 3 Figure 3 Melamine and Cyanuric Acid on Mixed-Mode WAX- 40,000 Melamine Cyanuric Acid ,000-0, Retention Time [min] Column: Mixed-Mode WAX-, Dimensions:. x 50 mm, 5µm Mobile Phase: 90/4/6 v/v acetonitrile/50 mm ammonium formate buffer (ph 4)/water Flow Rate: 0.5 ml/min Column Temp.: 30 C Inj. Volume: 5 µl Detector: MSQ Plus mass spectrometer with Selected Ion Monitoring (SIM) Melamine SIM: Positive ESI +7 40V Cyanuric Acid SIM: Negative ESI -8 40V Dwell time: 0.5 second
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The Analysis of rganic Acids in Foods and Beverages Using Reversed Phase HPLC Rebecca E. Wittrig & Terrence S. Reid Restek Corporation Benner Circle, Bellefonte, PA 683 USA Restek Corporation www.restekcorp
CAPCELL PAK C18 IF2 Type http://hplc.shiseido.co.jp/e/column/html/if2_index.htm Page 1 of 2 List of Sales Representatives Contact Shiseido Technical Materials Catalog List HPLC Columns HPLC Instruments
Determination of Caffeine by HPLC Introduction It was a long history before real high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) had evolved. The very first indication of a chromatographic separation was
I. HPLC Columns Technical Information 8. Methods in Developing Mobile Phase Condition for C18 Column Introduction In reversed phase HPLC, octadecyl group bonded silica columns (C18, ODS) are the most widely
LC Column Troubleshooting Do you have an equivalent column for my LC column? LC columns from different suppliers may have very different retention properties even if the bonding is the same. Although there
P R O D U C T B U L L E T I N Fused-Core particle technology for hyper-fast and super-rugged HPLC columns HALO column packings are not made the typical way. Instead, the particles packed into HALO columns
CONTENTS I. INTRODUCTION II. III. GETTING STARTED a. Column Connectors b. Column Installation c. Column Equilibration d. ecord Installation e. Initial Column Efficiency Determination COLUMN USE a. Sample
Part 1. General Chromatographic Theory Part 2. verview of HPLC Media Part 3. The Role of the Mobile Phase in Selectivity Part 4. Column Care and Use Reversed Phase Solvents 2 Solvents for RP Chromatography
Fast Analysis of Small MW Analytes in a Beverage and Serum Samples on a Zirconiabased Strong Anion-Exchanger Pittcon 2005 BINGWEN YAN 1, CLAYTON V. MCNEFF 1, 1 ZirChrom Separations, Inc., 617 Pierce Street,
December 2008 CYCLOSERINE Final text for addition to The International Pharmacopoeia (November 2008) This monograph was adopted at the Forty-third WHO Expert Committee on Specifications for Pharmaceutical
pplication Note 9 Determination of dditives in Carbonated everages Introduction The soft drink industry is one of the largest in the world, with revenue from sales of carbonated soft drinks totaling billions
June 009 ewsletter Pharmaceutical Analysis: What is Your Problem? SIELC Technologies, Inc., Prospect Heights, IL 0070 Pharmaceutical analysis involves liquid chromatography of various compounds, from active
HPLC Winter Webinars Part 2: Sample Preparation for HPLC Jon Bardsley, Application Chemist Thermo Fisher Scientific, Runcorn/UK The world leader in serving science What am I Going to Talk About? What do
1 - Which column would be the most appropriate for my application? Due to the complexity of the chiral recognition mechanism, it is not possible yet to establish rules for the selection of the best chiral
CONTENTS I. INTRODUCTION II. II. GETTING STARTED a. Column Connectors b. Column Installation c. Column Equilibration d. ecord Installation e. Initial Column Efficiency Determination f. VanGuard Pre-columns
Andrew Aubin and Jo-Ann Jablonski Waters Corporation, Milford, MA, USA APPLICATION BENEFITS The Prep 150 LC System is an affordable, highly reliable system for preparative chromatography and is suitable
Fast Separation of Vastly Different Compounds by Isocratic HPLC Aimee N. Heyrman and Yury Zelechonok Resolution Systems, Inc. 590 E. 32nd St. Holland. MI, 49423 SIELC Technologies, 15 E. Palatine Rd, Suite
MassHunter METLIN Metabolite PCD/PCDL Quick Start Guide What is the MassHunter METLIN Metabolite PCD/PCDL? 2 Where to find more information 2 Kit Content 3 Installation 5 Before you start 5 Install MassHunter
columns IonPac AS Anion-Exchange Columns The IonPac AS is a hydroxideselective anion-exchange column designed for the determination of inorganic anions and low-molecularweight organic acids including fluoride,
Sepax SRT -C, Zenix -C SEC Phases Complimentary Phases to SRT for Derivatized Monoclonal Antibodies General Description Stationary Phase Structure SRT, Zenix, SRT-C and Zenix-C SEC phases developed based
XSelect High Strength Silica (HSS) hplc Columns Contents I. INTRODUCTION II. CONECTING THE COLUMN TO THE HPLC SYSTEM a. Column Connection b. Column Connectors and System Tubing Considerations c. Band Spreading
columns IonPac SCS Silica Cation Separator The SCS Silica Cation Separator is designed for use with nonsuppressed conductivity detection, or single-column ion chromatography (SCIC). This column is particularly
Primesep 5 µm columns Primesep columns feature double functionality of the bonding i.e : alkyl chain with anionic or cationic group, chelating group. This feature creates unique selectivities when using
Standard Method of Test for Determination of Polymer Modifier in Asphalt AASHTO Designation: T xxx-xx (2005) 1. SCOPE 1.1. This method of test is used to determine the polymer content of an asphalt sample.
Technical Note 101 Method Development in Solid Phase Extraction using Non-Polar ISOLUTE SPE Columns for the Extraction of Aqueous Samples This technical note includes by specific information on the extraction
Tracer Excel TRACER EXCEL is a range of totally new packings that employ the most advanced procedures of synthesis and chemical functionalization, resulting in some column packings that completely surpass
Chromatography Chromatography is essentially the separation of a mixture into its component parts for qualitative and quantitative analysis. The basis of separation is the partitioning of the analyte mixture
Hints for Strong Ion Exchange Resins Chromatography Application Note AN98 Abstract Ion exchange columns are a powerful means of isolating and purifying compounds, but their use is limited due to lack of
Automating Method Development with an HPLC System Optimized for Scouting of Columns and Eluents Marco Karsten, Bas, Dolman, Giovanni Maio, Frank Steiner, Holger Franz, Frank Arnold and Remco Swart LC Packings,
February 2009. NEVIRAPINE ORAL SUSPENSION Final text for addition to The International Pharmacopoeia (February 2009) This monograph was adopted at the Forty-third WHO Expert Committee on Specifications
mau ph - 6 8 TAKE A LOOK INSIDE TWIN Technology TWIN (Two-In-One ) Technology is what gives Gei its superior performance edge. During the final stage of silica manufacturing, a unique silica-organic layer
An HPLC GL Sciences Newest and Most Advanced ODS Phase-New For 00 State-of-the-art C HPLC s Improved Peak Shapes and Heights Enhancing Sensitivity High Resolution Fast Equilibration Compatible with 00%
Thermo Scientific Syncronis HPLC Columns Remarkable separations guaranteed time after time Syncronis HPLC and UHPLC Columns Remarkable separations guaranteed time after time When developing a new method,
LC800 Smart HPLC Until now UHPLC From now Smart HPLC Smart HPLC Leads to Ultimate Performance Patent Pending S LC800 is a completely new and unique concept, designed for maximum performance in high resolution
Technical Note 75 Easy Method Transfer from HPLC to RSLC with the Dionex Method Speed-Up Calculator Introduction The goal of every chromatographic optimization is a method that sufficiently resolves all
LC III: HPLC What is HPLC? Originally referred to as High-Pressure Liquid Chromatography Now more commonly called High Performance Liquid Chromatography In general: The instrument controlled version of
XSELECT HSS XP 2.5 µm COLUMNS CONTENTS I. INTRODUCTION II. GETTING STARTED a. Column Connection b. Column Installation c. Minimizing Band Spread Volume d. Measuring Band Spread Volume e. Measuring System
high Strength Silica hplc Columns Contents I. INTRODUCTION II. CONECTING THE COLUMN TO THE HPLC SYSTEM III. Waters Small Particle Size (3.5 m) Columns Fast Chromatography IV. Column Equilibration V. Column
DETERMINATION OF SHIKIMIC ACID IN WINE BY HPLC AND UV-DETECTION The GENERAL ASSEMBLY, Considering Article paragraph iv of the agreement establishing the International organisation of vine and wine Upon
Value of Eclipse Plus C18 and ph Selectivity to Analyze Ae-Containing Drugs Application Pharmaceuticals Authors John W. Henderson Jr., William J. Long, and Cliff Woodward Agilent Technologies 285 Centerville
Basic Principles for Purification Using Supercritical Fluid Chromatography Jo-Ann M. Jablonski, Christopher J. Hudalla, Kenneth J. Fountain, Steven M. Collier, and Damian Morrison Waters Corporation, Milford,