1 Name AP CHEM / / Collected Essays Chapter #2 M(s) + Cu 2+ (aq) M 2+ (aq) + Cu(s) For the reaction above, E = volt at 25 C. (a) Determine the standard electrode potential for the reaction half-reaction M 2+ (aq) + 2 e - M(s). (b) A cell is constructed in which the reaction above occurs. All substances are initially in their standard states, and equal volumes of the solutions are used. The cell is then discharged. Calculate the value of the cell potential, E, when [Cu 2+ ] has dropped to 0.20 molar. (c) Find the ratio [M 2+ ]aq / [Cu 2+ ]aq when the cell reaction above reaches equilibrium #5 A solution of CuSO 4 was electrolyzed using platinum electrodes by passing a current through the solution. As a result, there was a decrease in both [Cu 2+ ] and the solution ph; one electrode gained in weight and a gas was evolved at the other electrode. (a) Write the cathode half-reaction that is consistent with the observation above. (b) Write the anode half-reaction that is consistent with the observations above. (c) Sketch an apparatus that can be used for such an experiment and label its necessary components. (d) List the experimental measurement that would be needed in order to determine from such an experiment the value of the faraday #2 When a dilute solution of H 2 SO 4 is electrolyzed, O 2 (g) is produced at the anode and H 2 (g) is produced at the cathode. (a) Write the balanced equations for the anode, cathode, and overall reaction that occur in this cell. (b) Compute the coulombs of charge passed through the cell in minutes at 10.0 amperes. (c) What number of moles of O 2 is produces by the cell when it is operated for 100. minutes at 10.0 amperes? (d) The standard enthalpy of formation of H 2 O(g) is -242 kilojoules per mole. How much heat is liberated by the complete combustion, at 298 K and 1.00 atmosphere, of the hydrogen produced by the cell operated as in (c)? #8 Ti 3+ + HOBr <===> TiO 2+ + Br - (in acid solution) (a) Write the correctly balanced half-reaction and net ionic equation for the skeletal equation shown above. (b) Identify the oxidizing agent and the reducing agent in this reaction. (c) A galvanic cell is constructed that utilizes the reaction above. The concentration of each species is 0.10-molar. Compare the cell voltage that will be observed with the standard cell potential. Explain your reasoning. (d) Give one example of a property of this reaction, other than the cell voltage, that can be calculated from the standard cell potential, E. State the relationship between E and the property you have specified #2 (a) Titanium can be reduced in acid solution from TiO 2+ to Ti 3+ with zinc metal. Write a balanced equation for the reaction of TiO 2+ with zinc in acid solution. (b) What mass of zinc metal is required for the reduction of a milliliter sample of a molar solution of TiO 2+? (c) Alternatively, the reduction of TiO 2+ to Ti 3+ can be carried out electrochemically. What is the minimum time, in seconds, required to reduce another milliliter sample of the molar TiO 2+ solution with a direct current of 1.06 amperes? (d) The standard reduction potential, E, for TiO 2+ to Ti 3+ is volt. The standard reduction potential, E, for Zn 2+ to Zn(s) is volt. Calculate the standard cell potential, E, and the standard free energy change, ΔG, for the reaction described in part(a).
2 #2 A direct current of ampere was passed through 200 milliliters of a 0.25-molar solution of Fe 2 (SO 4 ) 3 between platinum electrodes for a period of hours. Oxygen gas was produced at the anode. The only change at the cathodes was a slight change in the color of the solution. At the end of the electrolysis, the electrolyte was acidified with sulfuric acid and was titrated with an aqueous solution of potassium permanganate. The volume of the KMnO 4 solution required to reach the end point was milliliters. (a) How many faradays were passed through the solution? (b) Write a balanced half-reaction for the process that occurred at the cathode during the electrolysis. (c) Write a balanced net ionic equation for the reaction that occurred during the titration with potassium permanganate. (d) Calculate the molarity of the KMnO 4 solution #6 A dilute solution of sodium sulfate, Na 2 SO 4, was electrolyzed using inert platinum electrodes. In a separate experiment, a concentrated solution of sodium chloride, NaCl, was electrolyzed also using inert platinum electrodes. In each experiment, gas formation was observed at both electrodes. (a) Explain why metallic sodium is not formed in either experiment. (b) Write balanced equations for the half-reactions that occur at the electrodes during electrolysis of the dilute sodium sulfate solution. Clearly indicate which half-reaction occurs at each electrode. (c) Write balanced equations for the half-reactions that occur at the electrodes during the electrolysis of the concentrated sodium chloride solution. Clearly indicate which half-reaction occurs at each electrode. (d) Select two of the gases obtained in these experiments, and for each gas, indicate one experimental procedure that can be used to identify it #3 An electrochemical cell consists of a tin electrode in an acidic solution of 1.00-molar Sn 2+ connected by a salt bridge to a second compartment with a silver electrode in an acidic solution of 1.00-molar Ag +. (a) Write the equation for the half-cell reaction occurring at each electrode. Indicate which half-reaction occurs at the anode. (b) Write the balanced chemical equation for the overall spontaneous cell reaction that occurs when the circuit is complete. Calculate the standard voltage, E, for this cell reaction. (c) Calculate the equilibrium constant for this cell reaction at 298 K. (d) A cell similar to the one described above is constructed with solutions that have initial concentrations of 1.00 molar Sn 2+ and molar Ag +. Calculate the initial voltage, E, of this cell #2 The electrolysis of an aqueous solution of potassium iodide, KI, results in the formation of hydrogen gas at the cathode and iodine at the anode. A sample of milliliters of a molar solution of KI was electrolyzed for 3.00 minutes, using a constant current. At the end of this time, the I 2 produced was titrated against a molar solution of sodium thiosulfate, which reacts with iodine according to the equation below. The end point of the titration was reached when 37.2 milliliters of the Na 2 S 2 O 3 solution had been added. I S 2 O I - + S 4 O 6 2- (a) How many moles of I 2 was produced during the electrolysis? (b) The hydrogen gas produced at the cathode during the electrolysis was collected over water at 25 C at a total pressure of 752 millimeters of mercury. Determine the volume of hydrogen collected. (The vapor pressure of water at 25 C is 24 millimeters of mercury.) (c) Write the equations for the half reaction that occurs at the anode during the electrolysis. (d) Calculate the current used during the electrolysis.
3 #7 Explain each of the following. (a) When an aqueous solution of NaCl is electrolyzed, Cl 2 (g) is produced at the anode, but no Na(s) is produced at the cathode. (b) The mass of Fe(s) produced when 1 faraday is used to reduce a solution of FeSO 4 is 1.5 times the mass of Fe(s) produced when 1 faraday is used to reduce a solution of FeCl 3. Zn + Pb 2+ (1-molar) Zn 2+ (1-molar) + Pb (c) The cell that utilized the reaction above has a higher potential when [Zn 2+ ] is decreased and [Pb 2+ ] held constant, but a lower potential when [Pb 2+ ] is decreased and [Zn 2+ ] is held constant. (d) The cell that utilizes the reaction given in (c) has the same cell potential as another cell in which [Zn 2+ ] and [Pb 2+ ] are each 0.1-molar #2 An unknown metal M forms a soluble compound M(NO 3 ) 2. (a) A solution of M(NO 3 ) 2 is electrolyzed. When a constant current of 2.50 amperes is applied for 35.0 minutes, 3.06 grams of the metal M is deposited. Calculate the molar mass of M and identify the metal. (b) The metal identified in (a) is used with zinc to construct a galvanic cell, as shown below. Write the net ionic equation for the cell reaction and calculate the cell potential, E. (c) Calculate the value of the standard free energy change, ΔG, at 25 C for the reaction in (b) (d) Calculate the potential, E, for the cell shown in (b) if the initial concentration of ZnSO 4 is 0.10-molar, but the concentration of the M(NO 3 ) 2 solution remains unchanged.
4 1993 #7 A galvanic cell is constructed using a chromium electrode in a 1.00 molar solution of Cr(NO 3 ) 3 and a copper electrode in a 1.00 molar solution of Cu(NO 3 ) 2. Both solutions are at 25 C. (a) Write a balanced net ionic equation for the spontaneous reaction that occurs as the cell operates. Identify the oxidizing agent and the reducing agent. (b) A partial diagram of the cell is shown below. (i) Which metal is the cathode? (ii) What additional component is necessary to make the cell operate? (iii) What function does the component in (ii) serve? (c) How does the potential of this cell change if the concentration of Cr(NO 3 ) 3 is changed to 3.00 molar at 25 C? Explain #7 Sr(s) + Mg 2+ <===> Sr 2+ + Mg(s) Consider the reaction represented above that occurs at 25 C. All reactants and products are in their standard states. The value of the equilibrium constant, K eq, for the reaction is 4.2 x at 25 C. (a) Predict the sign of the standard cell potential, E, for a cell based on the reaction. Explain your prediction. (b) Identify the oxidizing agent for the spontaneous reaction. (c) If the reaction were carried out at 60 C instead of 25 C, how would the cell potential change? Justify your answer. (d) How would the cell potential change if the reaction were carried out at 25 C with a 1.0-molar solution of Mg(NO 3 ) 2 and a 0.10-molar solution of Sr(NO 3 ) 2? Explain. (e) When the cell reaction in (d) reaches equilibrium, what is the cell potential? #3 In an electrolytic cell, a current of ampere is passed through a solution of a chloride of iron, producing Fe(s) and Cl 2 (g). (a) Write the equation for the reaction that occurs at the anode. (b) When the cell operates for 2.00 hours, gram of iron is deposited at one electrode. Determine the formula of the chloride of iron in the original solution. (c) Write the balanced equation for the overall reaction that occurs in the cell. (d) How many liters of Cl 2 (g), measured at 25 C and 750 mmhg, are produced when the cell operates as described in part (b)? (e) Calculate the current that would produce chlorine gas at a rate of 3.00 grams per hour.
5 #8 Answer the following questions regarding the electrochemical cell shown above. (a) Write the balanced net-ionic equation for the spontaneous reaction that occurs as the cell operates, and determine the cell voltage. (b) In which direction do anions flow in the salt bridge as the cell operates? Justify your answer. (c) If 10.0 ml of 3.0-molar AgNO 3 solution is added to the half-cell on the right, what will happen to the cell voltage? Explain. (d) If 1.0 grams of solid NaCl is added to each half-cell, what will happen to the cell voltage? Explain. (e) If 20.0 ml of distilled water is added to both half-cells, the cell voltage decreases. Explain #2 Answer the following questions that relate to electrochemical reactions. (a) Under standard conditions at 25 C, Zn(s) reacts with Co 2+ (aq) to produce Co(s). (i) Write the balanced equation for the oxidation half reaction. (ii) Write the balanced net-ionic equation for the overall reaction. (iii) Calculate the standard potential, E, for the overall reaction at 25 C. (b) At 25 C, H 2 O 2 decomposes according to the following equation. 2 H 2 O 2 (aq) 2 H 2 O(l) + O 2 (g) E = 0.55 V (i) Determine the value of the standard free energy change, G, for the reaction at 25 C. (ii) Determine the value of the equilibrium constant, K eq, for the reaction at 25 C. (iii) The standard reduction potential, E, for the half reaction O 2 (g) + 4H + (aq) + 4e 2H 2 O(l) has a value of 1.23 V. Using this information in addition to the information given above, determine the value of the standard reduction potential, E, for the half reaction below. O 2 (g) + 2H + (aq) + 2 e - H 2 O 2 (aq) (c) In an electrolytic cell, Cu(s) is produced by the electrolysis of CuSO 4 (aq). Calculate the maximum mass of Cu(s) that can be deposited by a direct current of 100. amperes passed through 5.00 L of 2.00 M CuSO 4 (aq) for a period of 1.00 hour.
6 #7 Answer the following questions that refer to the galvanic cell shown in the diagram above. (Use the table of standard reduction potentials provided to you.) (a) Identify the anode of the cell and write the half-reaction that occurs there. (b) Write the net ionic equation for the overall reaction that occurs as the cell operates and calculate the value of the standard cell potential, E cell. (c) Indicate how the value of E cell would be affected if the concentration of Ni(NO 3 ) 2 (aq) was changed from 1.0 M to 0.10 M and the concentration of Zn(NO 3 ) 2 (aq) remained at 1.0 M. Justify your answer. (d) Specify whether the value of K eq for the cell reaction is less than 1, greater than 1, or equal to 1. Justify your answer #2 Answer parts (a) through (e) below, which relate to reactions involving silver ion, Ag +. The reaction between silver ion and solid zinc is represented by the following equation. 2 Ag + (aq) + Zn(s) Zn 2+ (aq) + 2 Ag(s) (a) A 1.50 g sample of Zn is combined with 250. ml of M AgNO 3 at 25 C. (i) Identify the limiting reactant. Show calculations to support your answer. (ii) On the basis of the limiting reactant that you identified in part (i), determine the value of [Zn 2+ ] after the reaction is complete. Assume that volume change is negligible. (b) Determine the value of the standard potential, E for a galvanic cell based on the reaction between AgNO 3 (aq) and solid Zn at 25 C. Another galvanic cell is based on the reaction between Ag + (aq) and Cu(s), represented by the equation below. At 25 C, the standard potential, E cell, for the cell is 0.46 V. 2 Ag + (aq) + Cu(s) Cu 2+ (aq) + 2 Ag(s) (c) Determine the value of the standard free-energy change, G, for the reaction between Ag + (aq) and Cu(s) at 25 C. (d) The cell is constructed so that [Cu 2+ ] is M and [Ag + ] is M. Calculate the value of the potential, E for the cell. (e) Under the conditions specified in part (d), is the reaction in the cell spontaneous? Justify your answer.
7 2002B - #7 The diagram below shows the experimental setup for a typical electrochemical cell that contains two standard halfcells. The cell operates according to the reaction represented by the following equation. Zn(s) + Ni 2+ (aq) Ni(s) + Zn 2+ (aq) (a) Identify M and M 2+ in the diagram and specify the initial concentration for M 2+ in solution. (b) Indicate which of the metal electrodes is the cathode. Write the balanced equation for the reaction that occurs in the half-cell containing the cathode. (c) What would be the effect on the cell voltage if the concentration of Zn 2+ was reduced to M in the half-cell containing the Zn electrode? (d) Describe what would happen to the cell voltage if the salt bridge was removed. Explain. 2003B - #6 Answer the following questions about electrochemistry. (a) Several different electrochemical cells can be constructed using the materials shown below. Write the balanced net-ionic equation for the reaction that occurs in the cell that would have the greatest positive value of E cell o. (b) Calculate the standard cell potential, E cell o, for the reaction written in part (a). (c) A cell is constructed based on the reaction in part (a) above. Label the metal used for the anode on the cell shown in the figure below.
8 (d) Of the compounds NaOH, CuS, and NaNO 3, which one is appropriate to use in a salt bridge? Briefly explain your answer, and for each of the other compounds, include a reason why it is not appropriate. (e) Another standard cell is based on the following reaction. Zn + Pb 2+ Zn 2+ + Pb If the concentration of Zn 2+ is decreased from 1.0 M to 0.25 M, what effect does this have on the cell potential? Justify your answer #6 An electrochemical cell is constructed with an open switch, as shown in the diagram above. A strip of Sn and a strip of an unknown metal, X, are used as electrodes. When the switch is closed, the mass of the Sn electrode increases. The half-reactions are shown below. Sn 2+ (aq) + 2 e Sn(s) E = 0.14 V X 3+ (aq) + 3 e X(s) E =? (a) In the diagram above, label the electrode that is the cathode. Justify your answer. (b) In the diagram above, draw an arrow indicating the direction of the electron flow in the external circuit when the switch is closed. (c) If the standard cell potential, E cell, is V, what is the standard reduction potential, in volts, for the X 3+ /X electrode? (d) Identify metal X. (e) Write a balanced net-ionic equation for the overall chemical reaction occurring in the cell. (f) In the cell, the concentration of Sn 2+ is changed from 1.0 M to 0.50 M, and the concentration of X 3+ is changed from 1.0 M to 0.10 M. (i) Substitute all the appropriate values for determining the cell potential, E cell, into the Nernst equation. (Do not do any calculations.) (ii) On the basis of your response in part (f) (i), will the cell potential, E cell, be greater than, less than, or equal to the original E cell? Justify your answer.
9 2004B - #6 The following questions refer to the electrochemical cell shown in the diagram above. (a) Write a balanced net ionic equation for the spontaneous reaction that takes place in the cell. (b) Calculate the standard cell potential, E, for the reaction in part (a). (c) In the diagram above, (i) label the anode and the cathode on the dotted lines provided, and (ii) indicate in the boxes below the half-cells, the concentration of AgNO 3 and the concentration of Zn(NO 3 ) 2 that are needed to generate E. (d) How will the cell potential be affected if KI is added to the silver half-cell? Justify your answer #8d The compound NaI dissolves in pure water according to the equation NaI(s) Na + (aq) + I (aq). Some of the information in the table of standard reduction potentials given below may be useful in answering the questions that follow. Half-reaction E (V) O 2 (g) + 4H e 2 H 2 O(l) 1.23 I 2 (s) + 2 e 2 I H 2 O(l) + 2 e H 2 (g) + 2OH 0.83 Na + + e Na(s) 2.71 (d) An electric current is applied to a 1.0 M NaI solution. (i) Write the balanced oxidation half-reaction for the reaction that takes place. (ii) Write the balanced reduction half-reaction for the reaction that takes place. (iii) Which reaction takes place at the anode, the oxidation reaction or the reduction reaction? (iv) All electrolysis reactions have the same sign for G. Is the sign positive or negative? Justify your answer.
10 2005B - #2 Water was electrolyzed, as shown in the diagram to the right, for 5.61 minutes using a constant current of ampere. A small amount of non-reactive electrolyte was added to the container before the electrolysis began. The temperature was 298 K and the atmospheric pressure was 1.00 atm. (a) Write the balanced equation for the half reaction that took place at the anode. (b) Calculate the amount of electric charge, in coulombs, that passed through the solution. (c) Why is the volume of O 2 (g) collected different from the volume of H 2 (g) collected, as shown in the diagram? (d) Calculate the number of moles of H 2 (g) produced during the electrolysis. (e) Calculate the volume, in liters, at 298 K and 1.00 atm of dry H 2 (g) produced during the electrolysis. (f) After the hydrolysis reaction was over, the vertical position of the tube containing the collected H 2 (g) was adjusted until the water levels inside and outside the tube were the same, as shown in the diagram below. The volume of gas in the tube was measured under these conditions of 298 K and 1.00 atm, and its volume was greater than the volume calculated in part (e). Explain. 2006B - #2 Answer the following questions about voltaic cells. (a) A voltaic cell is set up using Al /Al 3+ as one half-cell and Sn /Sn 2+ as the other half-cell. The half-cells contain equal volumes of solutions and are at standard conditions. (i) Write the balanced net-ionic equation for the spontaneous cell reaction. (ii) Determine the value, in volts, of the standard potential, E, for the spontaneous cell reaction. (iii) Calculate the value of the standard free-energy change, G, for the spontaneous cell reaction. Include units with your answer. (iv) If the cell operates until [Al 3+ ] is 1.08 M in the Al /Al 3+ half-cell, what is [Sn 2+ ] in the Sn /Sn 2+ half-cell? (b) In another voltaic cell with Al /Al 3+ and Sn /Sn 2+ half-cells, [Sn 2+ ] is M and [Al 3+ ] is 1.00 M. Calculate the value, in volts, of the cell potential, E cell, at 25 C #3 An external direct-current power supply is connected to two platinum electrodes immersed in a beaker containing 1.0 M CuSO 4 (aq) at 25 C, as shown in the diagram above. As the cell operates, copper metal is deposited onto one electrode and O 2 (g) is produced at the other electrode. The two reduction half-reactions for the overall reaction that occurs in the cell are shown in the table below.
11 Half-Reaction E (V) O 2 (g) + 4 H + (aq) + 4 e - 2 H 2 O(l) Cu 2+ (aq) + 2 e - Cu(s) (a) On the diagram, indicate the direction of electron flow in the wire. (b) Write a balanced net ionic equation for the electrolysis reaction that occurs in the cell. (c) Predict the algebraic sign of G for the reaction. Justify your prediction. (d) Calculate the value of G for the reaction. An electric current of 1.50 amps passes through the cell for 40.0 minutes. (e) Calculate the mass, in grams, of the Cu(s) that is deposited on the electrode. (f) Calculate the dry volume, in liters measured at 25 C and 1.16 atm, of the O 2 (g) that is produced. 2007B - #3 2 H 2 (g) + O 2 (g) 2 H 2 O(l ) In a hydrogen-oxygen fuel cell, energy is produced by the overall reaction represented above. (a) When the fuel cell operates at 25 C and 1.00 atm for 78.0 minutes, mol of O 2 (g) is consumed. Calculate the volume of H 2 (g) consumed during the same time period. Express your answer in liters measured at 25 C and 1.00 atm. (b) Given that the fuel cell reaction takes place in an acidic medium, (i) write the two half reactions that occur as the cell operates, (ii) identify the half reaction that takes place at the cathode, and (iii) determine the value of the standard potential, E, of the cell. (c) Calculate the charge, in coulombs, that passes through the cell during the 78.0 minutes of operation as described in part (a) #3a-c Answer the following questions related to chemical reactions involving nitrogen monoxide, NO(g). The reaction between solid copper and nitric acid to form copper(ii) ion, nitrogen monoxide gas, and water is represented by the following equation. 3 Cu(s) + 2 NO 3 (aq) + 8 H + (aq) 3 Cu 2+ (aq) + 2 NO(g) + 4 H 2 O(l) E = V (a) Using the information above and in the table below, calculate the standard reduction potential, E, for the reduction of NO 3 in acidic solution. Half-Reaction Standard Reduction Potential, E Cu 2+ (aq) + 2 e Cu(s) V NO 3 (aq) + 4 H + (aq) + 3 e NO(g) + 2 H 2 O(l)? (b) Calculate the value of the standard free energy change, ΔG, for the overall reaction between solid copper and nitric acid. (c) Predict whether the value of the standard entropy change, ΔS, for the overall reaction is greater than 0, less than 0, or equal to 0. Justify your prediction.
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Introduction Oxidation/reduction reactions involve the exchange of an electron between chemical species. The species that loses the electron is oxidized. The species that gains the electron is reduced.
www.tutor-homework.com (for tutoring, homework help, or help with online classes) 1. chem10b 20.4-3 In a voltaic cell electrons flow from the anode to the cathode. Value 2. chem10b 20.1-35 How many grams
1 of 20 4/11/2016 1:00 PM Electrochemical Reactions Electrochemical Reactions Electrical Work From Spontaneous Oxidation- Reduction Reactions Predicting Spontaneous Redox Reactions from the Sign of E Line
By Dr Anand Gupta Mr. Mahesh Kapil Dr. Anand Gupta 09356511518 09888711209 firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com Electrochemistry Electrolysis Electric energy Chemical energy Galvanic cell 2 Electrochemistry
Oxidation-Reduction (Redox) Electrochemistry involves the study of the conversions between chemical and electrical energy. Voltaic (galvanic) cells use chemical reactions to produce an electric current.
Q1. Why does the conductivity of a solution decrease with dilution? A1. Conductivity of a solution is the conductance of ions present in a unit volume of the solution. On dilution the number of ions per
Identify element being oxidized and element being reduced 1. Oxidation: Increasing oxidation number 2. Reduction: Decreasing oxidation number 3. Hierarchical guidelines 4. OXIDIZED i. Free elements have
AP CHEMISTRY NOTES 12-1 ELECTROCHEMISTRY: ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS Review: OXIDATION-REDUCTION REACTIONS the changes that occur when electrons are transferred between reactants (also known as a redox reaction)
Chapter 19: Electrochemistry Overview of the Chapter review oxidation-reduction chemistry basics galvanic cells spontaneous chemical reaction generates a voltage set-up of galvanic cell & identification
AP Chemistry Unit 2 Test (Chapters 3 and 4) NAME: 1. A student is assigned the task of determining the mass percent of silver in an alloy of copper and silver by dissolving a sample of the alloy in excess
Electrochemistry Electrochemical Cells The Voltaic Cell Electrochemical Cell = device that generates electricity through redox rxns 1 Voltaic (Galvanic) Cell An electrochemical cell that produces an electrical
General Chemistry I Dr. PHAN TẠI HUÂN Faculty of Food Science and Technology Nong Lam University Module 7: Oxidation-reduction reactions and transformation of chemical energy Oxidation-reduction reactions
Name: Class: Date: Chem 1120 Pretest 3 Sprin 2015 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Chapter 19 Values The following equilibrium constants will
1 One mole of electrons carries a charge of 96500C or 1 Faraday Q=It One mole of any gas occupies 22.4dm 3 at standard temperature and pressure (s.t.p.) Standard temperature is 0 0 C or 273K and standard
Electrochemistry C020 Electrochemistry is the study of the interconversion of electrical and chemical energy Using chemistry to generate electricity involves using a Voltaic Cell or Galvanic Cell (battery)
ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS 25 AUGUST 2015 Section A: Summary Notes Important definitions: Oxidation: the loss of electrons by a substance during a chemical reaction Reduction: the gain of electrons by a substance
Electrochemistry objectives 1) Understand how a voltaic and electrolytic cell work 2) Be able to tell which substance is being oxidized and reduced and where it is occuring the anode or cathode 3) Students
4-26-12 NAME ROW PD (1) Which statement describes the redox reaction that occurs when an object is electroplated? The diagram below shows the electrolysis of fused KCl. A) It is spontaneous and requires
Electro Chemistry Part-II 1. Faraday s laws of electrolysis are related to the 1) Molar mass of the electrolyte 2) Equivalent weight of the cation or anion 3) Molecular mass of the electrolyte 4) Atomic
Chapter 18 Electrochemistry Definition The study of the interchange of chemical and electrical energy in oxidation-reduction (redox) reactions This interchange can occur in both directions: 1. Conversion
Unit - 3 ELECTROCHEMISTRY 1. What is a galvanic cell? VSA QUESTIONS (1 - MARK QUESTIONS) 2. Give the cell representation for Daniell Cell. 3. Mention the purpose of salt-bridge placed between two half-cells
Oxidation & Reduction (Redox) Notes Chemical Activity (or Chemical Reactivity) is the measure of the reactivity of elements. If an element has high activity, then it means that the element is willing to
Ch 11 Practice Problems 1. How many electrons are transferred in the following reaction? 2Cr 2O 7 2- + 14H + + 6Cl 2Cr 3+ + 3Cl 2 + 7H 2O A) 2 B) 4 C) 6 D) 8 2. Which metal, Al or Ni, could reduce Zn 2+
Chapter 17 Electrochemistry Contents Galvanic cells Standard reduction potentials Cell potential, electrical work, and free energy Dependence of cell potential on concentration Batteries Corrosion Electrolysis
Practice Test 20.1 (va pg 1 of 5) This is practice - Do NOT cheat yourself of finding out what you are capable of doing. Be sure you follow the testing conditions outlined below. DO NOT USE A CALCULATOR.
ADVANCED PLACEMENT CHEMISTRY Oxidation-Reduction Reactions and Introduction to Electrochemistry Students will be able to: identify oxidation and reduction of chemical species; identify oxidants and reductants
Chemistry: The Central Science Chapter 20: Electrochemistry Redox reaction power batteries Electrochemistry is the study of the relationships between electricity and chemical reactions o It includes the
Aqueous Solubility of Compounds Not all compounds dissolve in water. Solubility varies from compound to compound. Chapter 5: Chemical Reactions Soluble ionic compounds dissociate. Ions are solvated Most
Today Galvanic Cells Spontaneous Electrochemistry Electrolytic Cells Backwards Electrochemistry Balancing Redox Reactions There is a method (actually several) Learn one (4.10-4.12) Practice (worksheet)
Name: Date: 1. The reaction CuO + CO CO 2 + Cu is an example of (A) reduction, only (B) oxidation, only (C) both oxidation and reduction (D) neither oxidation nor reduction 6. In which compound does chlorine
Unit 6 Electrochemistry Chemistry 020, R. R. Martin Electrochemistry Electrochemistry is the study of the interconversion of electrical and chemical energy. We can use chemistry to generate electricity...
Electrochemical Cells: Virtual Lab Electrochemical cells involve the transfer of electrons from one species to another. In these chemical systems, the species that loses electrons is said to be oxidized
Chemistry 1020, Module 17 Name Study Guide for Module 17 Oxidation-Reduction Reactions and Electrochemistry Reading Assignment: Chapter 17 in Chemistry, 6th Edition by Zumdahl. Guide for Your Lecturer:
ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS Electrochemistry 1. Redox reactions involve the transfer of electrons from one reactant to another 2. Electric current is a flow of electrons in a circuit Many reduction-oxidation
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Electrochemistry Oxidation-Reduction: Review oxidation reactions and how to assign oxidation numbers (Ch 4 Chemical Reactions). Half Reactions Method for Balancing Redox Equations: Acidic solutions: 1.
Chapter Nineteen Electrochemistry 1 Electrochemistry The study of chemical reactions through electrical circuits. Monitor redox reactions by controlling electron transfer REDOX: Shorthand for REDuction-OXidation
Practice Packet: Oxidation Reduction Regents Chemistry: Mrs. Mintz Practice Packet Chapter 14: Oxidation Reduction & Electrochemistry 1 Assigning Oxidation Numbers Objective: How do we assign atoms the