2 Entry Task An ATP molecule is made of what 3 components? What happens when ATP becomes ADP? Explain.
3 Agenda Entry Task Housekeeping Chapter 8 Essential Question Section 8.2 (Photosynthesis: An Overview) Section 8.3 (The Process of Photosynthesis) Exit Ticket
4 Housekeeping Chapter 8 & 9 exam on Thursday, 17 Dec. 20 MC & 10 SA Science Skills Questions. Progress reports to be ed All those with a D or below
5 Chapter 8 Vocabulary p. 226 (Heterotroph & Autotroph), p. 230 (Pigment & Stroma), p. 235 (Calvin Cycle) Frayer Model Definition: Facts/Characteristics: Sentence: Heterotroph Picture:
6 p. 228 Heterotrophs & Autotrophs Where do living things get the energy to produce ATP? Chemical compounds called food Heterotrophs Autotrophs
7 Heterotrophs & Autotrophs Where do living things get the energy to produce ATP? Chemical compounds called food Heterotrophs Obtain food from eating other living organisms Autotrophs Make their own food Produce high-energy carbohydrates Conduct photosynthesis
8 Demonstration In your notebook draw a diagram and write your prediction. What do you think is going to happen when the candle is lit? Why? Reaction Time 1 Time 2 Average No Plant Plant
9 Demonstration In your notebook draw a diagram and write your prediction. What do you think is going to happen when the candle is lit? Why? What happened? Why do you think it happened? How is it the same or different than your prediction?
10 8.2 Photosynthesis: An Overview
11 Learning Objectives Explain the role of light and pigments in photosynthesis Explain the role of electron carrier molecules in photosynthesis State the overall equation for photosynthesis.
12 p. 231 Chlorophyll & Chloroplasts Sunlight Pigments = capture energy from sunlight. Principle pigments are called chlorophyll
13 p. 231 Chloroplasts Label the parts of the chloroplast.
14 Chloroplasts Label the parts of the chloroplast. Inner Membrane Outer Membrane Granum Thylakoid Thylakoid Membrane Stroma Thylakoid Space p. 231
15 Overview of Photosynthesis Figure 8-7, p. 233
16 Overview of Photosynthesis Photosynthesis? Process of using energy from sunlight to convert water & carbon dioxide into high-energy sugars & oxygen. 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 2 sets of reactions involved: Light-dependent reaction Light-independent reaction p
17 BIOLOGY Tuesday 15 Dec 2015
18 Entry Task What are the inputs (reactants) and outputs (products) of the light-dependent reaction? What are the inputs (reactants) and outputs (products) of the light-independent reaction?
19 Agenda Entry Task Housekeeping Section 8.3 (The Process of Photosynthesis) Chapter 9 Essential Question Section 9.1 (Cellular Respiration: An Overview) Exit Ticket
20 Housekeeping Chapter 8 & 9 exam on Thursday, 17 Dec. 20 MC & 10 SA Science Skills Questions. Progress reports to be ed Pass out at end of class All those with a D or below
21 Chapter 8 Vocabulary p. 226 (Heterotroph & Autotroph), p. 230 (Pigment & Stroma), p. 235 (Calvin Cycle) Frayer Model Definition: Facts/Characteristics: Sentence: Heterotroph Picture:
22 8.3 The Process of Photosynthesis
23 Learning Objectives Describe what happens during the light-dependent reactions Describe what happens during light-independent reactions Identify factors that affect the rate at which photosynthesis occurs.
24 Overview of Photosynthesis Figure 8-7, p. 233
25 Photosynthesis Chart Complete the following chart: Reaction Process Location Reactants Products Light- Dependent Reaction Light- Independent Reaction
26 Photosynthesis Chart Complete the following chart: Reaction Process Location Reactants Products Light- Dependent Reaction Photosynthetic Process Thylakoids Light Energy H 2 O ADP NADP + O 2 ATP NADPH Light- Independent Reaction The Calvin Cycle Stroma CO 2 ATP NADPH C 6 H 12 O 6 ADP NADP +
27 Factor Affecting Photosynthesis What are the 3 most important factors affecting photosynthesis? Temperature Light Intensity Availability of Water
28 Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration & Fermentation
29 Essential Question How do organisms obtain energy?
30 9.1 Cellular Respiration: An Overview
31 Learning Objectives Explain where organisms get the energy they need for life processes Define cellular respiration Compare photosynthesis and cellular respiration.
32 Chemical Energy & Food Where do organisms get energy? Organisms get the energy they need from food. Cells break down food molecules gradually, capturing a small amount of chemical energy.
33 p. 251 Cellular Respiration Cellular Respiration? Process that releases energy from food in the presence of oxygen. 6O 2 + C 6 H 12 O 6 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O
34 p. 252 Cellular Respiration Oxygen & energy Stage Oxygen Location 1. Glycolysis Anaerobic ( without air ) Cytoplasm 2. The Krebs Cycle Aerobic ( in air ) Mitochondria 3. Electron Transport Chain Aerobic ( in air ) Mitochondria When oxygen is not present Enters anaerobic pathway called fermentation.
35 Exit Ticket Question: What are the stages of cellular respiration in order? Which are anaerobic and aerobic? Reflection: None Turn in question sheets
36 ADVISORY Wednesday 16 Dec 2015
37 Study Time Need to have work out. Complete any current or missing assignments for your classes.
38 BIOLOGY Wednesday 16 Dec 2015
39 Entry Task Cellular respiration requires what two reactants? Draw a flow chart of the 3 stages of cellular respiration.
40 Agenda Entry Task Housekeeping Section 9.2 (The Process of Cellular Respiration) Exit Ticket
41 Housekeeping Chapter 8 & 9 exam on Friday, 18 Dec. 20 MC & 10 SA Science Skills Questions. Study guides will be due.
42 9.2 The Process of Cellular Respiration
43 Learning Objectives Describe what happens during glycolysis Describe what happens during the Krebs cycle Explain how high-energy electrons are used by the electron transport chain Identify how much ATP cellular respiration generates.
44 Chemical Energy & Food Complete the following table placing the stages in order. Cellular Respiration Stage Location Input Output p
45 Chemical Energy & Food Complete the following table placing the stages in order. Cellular Respiration Stage 1. Glycolysis Cytoplasm 1 glucose NAD + Location Input Output p. 2 pyruvic acid 2 NADH The Krebs Cycle Mitochondria 2 pyruvic acid NAD + CO 2 4 NADH Electron Transport Mitochondria O 2 6 NADH H 2 O NAD + 36 ATP 259
46 Figure 9-2, p. 252 Learning Objectives
47 BIOLOGY Thursday 17 Dec 2015
48 Entry Task Write the equation for cellular respiration. Explain how an animal fits into each compound of the equation.
49 Agenda Entry Task Housekeeping Section 9.3 (Fermentation) Study Time
50 Housekeeping Chapter 8 & 9 exam tomorrow, Friday, 18 Dec. 20 MC & 10 SA Science Skills Questions. Study guides will be due. PM assembly schedule tomorrow.
51 Chemical Energy & Food Complete the following table placing the stages in order. Cellular Respiration Stage 1. Glycolysis Cytoplasm 1 glucose NAD + Location Input Output p. 2 pyruvic acid 2 NADH The Krebs Cycle Mitochondria 2 pyruvic acid NAD + CO 2 4 NADH Electron Transport Mitochondria O 2 6 NADH H 2 O NAD + 36 ATP 259
52 9.3 Fermentation
53 Learning Objectives Explain how organisms get energy in the absence of oxygen Identify the pathways the body uses to release energy during exercise.
54 Fermentation Fermentation? Process of releasing energy from food molecules in the absence of oxygen by producing ATP. Glycolysis & NADH No oxygen = no electron transport chain NAD + quickly become NADH Fermentation removes H + and recycles NAD +
55 Fermentation Fermentation? Process of releasing energy from food molecules in the absence of oxygen by producing ATP 2 types of fermentation: Alcoholic Fermentation - Alcoholic beverages & rising bread dough Lactic Acid Fermentation - Humans, cheese, yogurt, pickles, & kimchi
56 Energy & Exercise Humans have 3 main sources of ATP: ATP already in the muscles ATP made by lactic acid fermentation ATP cellular respiration
57 Energy & Exercise Quick Energy ATP in muscles = few seconds of intense activity. Lactic acid fermentation = 90 seconds of ATP Lactic acid = byproduct & requires extra oxygen to remove
58 Energy & Exercise Long-Term Energy Cellular respiration = longer than 90 seconds Muscle & other tissue = min of activity Stored molecules (fats) = after minutes
59 Chapter 8 & 9 Study Guide Complete the study guide.
60 BIOLOGY Friday 18 Dec 2015
61 Entry Task Pull out your study guide and take the last few minutes to study if needed.
63 Chapter 8 & 9 Exam Clear off your desks. Remember this is an exam. No talking. Keep your eyes on your own paper. Do not write on the question sheet. When you are finished: Place the question sheet and your answer sheet on the front table face down. Silently (No talking) do any of the following: read, complete missing assignments, work for other class, etc.
64 Housekeeping PM assembly schedule. Shortened 6th period Upon return Chapter 12 Seat changes
Name Date Period PHOTOSYNTHESIS STARTS WITH 1. Molecules that collect light energy are called _P. 2. Chlorophyll a and b absorb _B -_V and _R wavelengths of light best. 3. _C is the main light absorbing
Name The chart below shows key terms from the lesson with their definitions. Complete the chart by writing a strategy to help you remember the meaning of each term. One has been done for you. Term Definition
Name: KEY CP Biology Unit 5 Cell Energy Study Guide Vocabulary to know: ATP ADP Aerobic Anaerobic ATP Synthases Cellular Respiration Chlorophyll Chloroplast Electron Carriers Electron Transport Chain Fermentation
Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis Test 1. When bonds are made energy is, when bonds are broken energy is. A. stored / released C. released / stored B. used / not used D. created / destroyed 2. Aerobic
ATP Chapter 4 Photosynthesis Energy of Life All organisms need energy in order to survive 2 Major groups of organisms: A. autotrophs make their own food Ex: plants B. heterotrophs must eat others living
Overview of Photosynthesis Most autotrophs (organisms that create their own food), make organic compounds (sugars/glucose) using a process called photosynthesis. This process occurs only in plants. Overview
Bio07_TR_U03_CH08.QXD 4/25/06 2:51 PM Page 63 Name Class Date Chapter 8 Photosynthesis Section 8 1 Energy and Life (pages 201 203) Key Concepts Where do plants get the energy they need to produce food?
Name: Class: Date: 2015 Biology Unit #3 Quiz 1 Photosynthesis, Cellular Respiration and Fermentation Week of 02-09 November 1 Which of the following statements is true for all cells? a They use solar energy
NAME PERIOD STUDY GUIDE ~ Biology Level 10 UNIT 4: Bioenergetics This is a study GUIDE. Your best resources for information and reinforcing concepts is the CLASS POWERPOINT SLIDES (available on SchoolWires
(Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration) Before You Read Before you read the chapter, respond to these statements. 1. Write an A if you agree with the statement. 2. Write a D if you disagree with the statement.
Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration What you will learn: GPS Standard SB3a Explain the cycling of energy through the processes of photosynthesis and respiration. IN OTHER WORDS Photosynthesis and Cellular
Cells and Energy Answer Key SECTION 1. CHEMICAL ENERGY AND ATP 1. molecule; food molecules 2. high-energy; lower-energy 3. phosphate group 4. a; d; b; c 5. b; e 6. c; d 7. a; f 8. chemical energy; light
4.2 8.2 Overview Photosynthesis: of Photosynthesis An Overview Photosynthesis process by which plants make food using energy from the sun Plants are autotrophs that make their own source of chemical energy.
Ch. 6 & 7 Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration 6.1 Energy Reactions The Cycle of Energy Sun CO 2 H 2 O Photosynthesis (energy stored) Cellular Respiration (energy released) O 2 Glucose Obtaining Energy
CHAPTER 4 Cells and Energy GETTING READY TO LEARN Preview Key Concepts 4.1 Chemical Energy and ATP All cells need chemical energy. 4.2 Overview of Photosynthesis The overall process of photosynthesis produces
Honors Biology Test Review Ch. 7 & 8 Fall 2015 Modified True/False Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the sentence or statement
Cell Energetics All Cells need energy. (Ability to perform work) What do cells use energy for? Mitosis. Repair. Active transport. Movement. What Is ATP? ATP adenosine triphosphate is a chemical molecule
Cellular Energy Section 8.1 How Organisms Obtain Energy Scan Section 1 of the chapter and make a list of three general ways in which cells use energy. 1. 2. 3. Review metabolism Use your book or dictionary
KEY CONCEPT All cells need chemical energy. ! The chemical energy used for most cell processes is carried by ATP. Molecules in food store chemical energy in their bonds. Starch molecule Glucose molecule
Chapter 8.1 How Organisms Obtain Energy Main Idea All living organisms use energy to carry out all biological processes. Energy Energy is the ability to do work. Quick Review: Heterotrophs are organisms
UNIT 3: Cell Energy What is energy? energy is a property of objects which can be transferred to other objects or converted into different forms. Energy can be found in a number of different forms. 1 Law
Cellular Energy Cellular Energy The cell will store energy in molecules like sugars and ATP Most cells have small stores of ATP that only last a few seconds, but cannot store energy there long-term. Cells
Energy and the Cell EQ: How do cells acquire energy? EQ: Why is the relationship between plants and animals essential to life? All living things need energy to survive and do work. Organisms who depend
Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Table of Contents Section 1 Energy and Living Things Section 2 Photosynthesis Section 3 Cellular Respiration Section 1 Energy and Living Things Objectives Analyze
Concept Mapping Photosynthesis and Respiration Complete the Venn diagram about photosynthesis and respiration. These terms may be used more than once: absorbs, Calvin cycle, chlorophyll, CO 2, H 2 O, Krebs
What cellular structure carries out photosynthesis? Label it s parts Chloroplast double membrane grana thylakoid membrane with chlorophyll stroma What cellular structure carries out respiration? Mitochondrian
Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Lapbook Pre-test Covers Standards: SC.912.L.18.7: Identify the reactants, products, and basic functions of photosynthesis. SC.912.L.18.8: Identify the reactants,
Photosynthesis Prep Test Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. What are the three parts of an ATP molecule? a. adenine, thylakoid, and a phosphate
Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration http://mrescience.com/i mages/life/chap1_2/ph otosyn.swf:// Photosynthesis Photosynthesis is a chemical reaction. Plants use light to make their own food. Where does
Energy for Life Biochemical pathways A series of reactions where the products of one reaction is used in the next reaction Light Absorption in Chloroplasts Chloroplasts Two membranes Grana- layered stacks
12 Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Ev e ry living c e l l needs a source of energy. Without energy, metabolism all of the chemical reactions that occur within cells will not occur. In this activity,
The Life of a Cell The Chemistry of Life A View of the Cell Cellular Transport and the Cell Cycle Energy in a Cell Chapter 9 Energy in a Cell 9.1: The Need for Energy 9.1: Section Check 9.2: Photosynthesis:
Name: Class: _ Date: _ Cell Energetics - Practice Test Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which of the following is the source of energy used
The Introduction of Biology Defining of life Basic chemistry, the chemistry of organic molecules Classification of living things History of cells and Cells structures and functions Photosynthesis and cellular
Section 1 How Organisms Obtain Energy Transformation of Energy! Energy is the ability to do work.! Thermodynamics is the study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe. Section 1 How Organisms
Cellular Respiration Anaerobic vs Aerobic What is Cellular Respiration? Process where organisms use GLUCOSE (sugar) to create ENERGY! The energy that is released from chemical bonds during Cellular Respiration
Monday EOC Notecard Review #117 AEROBIC process which requires oxygen to occur (i.e. cellular respiration). #118 HETEROTROPH an organism which needs to consume their food to survive. Create an antonym,
Cellular Energetics Photosynthesis, Cellular Respiration and Fermentation TEKS B.4 Science concepts. The student knows that cells are the basic structures of all living things with specialized parts that
Cell Energy: Photosynthesis & Respiration Today s Learning Goals In plants, chlorophyll (found in chloroplasts) captures energy from the sun in order to make food during photosynthesis (Review) Cells release
Station 1 1. All living things need energy. What is the primary source of this energy? 2. In photosynthesis, this primary source of energy is converted into usable energy known as. 3. What do ATP, NADPH,
CORNELL NOTES Directions: You must create a minimum of 5 questions in this column per page (average). Use these to study your notes and prepare for tests and quizzes. Notes will be stamped after each assigned
NOTE/STUDY GUIDE: Unit 1-4, Cellular Energy X Biology I, Mr. Doc Miller, M.Ed. North Central High School Name: ID#: NORTH CENTRAL HIGH SCHOOL NOTE & STUDY GUIDE X Biology I Unit 1-4: Cellular Energy Additional
PHOTOSYNTHESIS & RESPIRATION There are two basic patterns by which organisms transform energy. AUTOTROPHIC PATTERN Light energy is transformed to chemical energy that can be used by the cell. AUTOTROPHIC
Ch. 9 - Cellular Respiration/Fermentation Study Guide A. Introduction 1. All living things need energy for metabolism. a. Plants produce glucose through photosynthesis; break down glucose during cellular
1 Which of the following organisms do NOT carry on photosynthesis? plants algae some bacteria 2 3 animals The correct description of the relationship between photosynthesis and the living world is. herbivores,
Photosynthesis Prep Test 2 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Energy is released from ATP when a. a phosphate group is added. b. adenine bonds
Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Photosynthesis a set of chemical reactions that converts carbon dioxide and water to food for plants, cyanobacteria and plant like protists Carbon Dioxide + Water
BIOLOGY SECOND QUARTER UNIT 3 Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Energy for Life 4.1 Photosynthesis: Sugar as Food 4.2 Powering the Cell:Cellular Respiration 4.3 Anaerobic Respiration 4.4 Name Class
Elements, Compounds & Mixtures Worksheet Part 1: Read the following information on elements, compounds and mixtures. Fill in the blanks where necessary. Elements: A pure substance containing only one kind
Learning Goals for 2.1 1.Trace the flow of energy from the sun through a living system. 2.Explain the process of photosynthesis 3.Give examples of producers and consumers. 4.Explain the relationship among
Name: KEY Class: Date Chapter 8: Photosynthesis Section 8-1 Energy and Life (pages 201-203) Autotrophs and Heterotrophs (page 201) 1. Where does the energy of food originally come from? The sun, plants
Name Period Date Cellular Respiration Notes Outline I The Importance of Food A Food provides living things with the: B Food serves as a source of: C Food serves as a source of: II The Relationship Between
Photosynthesis Bellringer A.1 Identify the following as: heterotroph, autotroph, photosynthesis reactant, or photosynthesis product State Biology Standards H.B.3A1-3 and H.B.2A.1 A.1 Plants take in carbon
8-1 Energy And Life Autotrophs and Heterotrophs Living things need to survive. This energy comes from food. The energy in most food comes from the. Where do plants get the energy they need to produce food?
1 2 3 4 5 Bio 1101 Lec. 5, Part A (Guided Notes) Chapter 6: Cellular Respiration Energy is needed by cells to do work Chemical energy, a form of potential energy, is stored in bonds of food molecules (such
1. Why do you have to breath in O2? 2.Why is hyperventilating bad? 3.Why is it hard to breath on top of a mountain? 4.Why does being at high altitude make you tired? Unit 4 Assessment is on Tuesday December
1 2 3 4 5 Bio 1101 Lec. 5, Part A Chapter 6: Cellular Respiration Energy is needed by cells to do work Chemical energy, a form of potential energy, is stored in bonds of food molecules (such as glucose)
Name Date Class CHAPTER 5 DIRECTED READING Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Section 5-1: Energy and Living Things Energy Flows Between Organisms in Living Systems In the space provided, write the
Respiration and Photosynthesis The Ying and Yang of Life. Why? You ve always been told that you must eat and breathe. Why? In this unit we will attempt to answer those questions. 1 st Law of Thermodynamics
ATP, Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis Energy for Cells Free Energy: the energy available to do work Types of Reactions Endergonic Reactions: require an input of energy Exergonic Reactions: release
Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Outline I. Energy and Carbon Cycle II. Photosynthesis A. Introduction B. Reactions II. Cellular Respiration A. Introduction B. Reactions Carbon Cycle All organisms
Class: Date: Biology Chapter 8 Test: Cellular Energy True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. 1. During the light-independent reactions of photosynthesis, light energy is used to split
LEARNING OBJECTIVES By the end of this lecture you will be able to: 1. Understand that ENERGY can be transformed from one form to another. 2. Know that energy exist in two forms; free energy - available
Unit 5.1 ~ Cell Energy: PHOTOSYNTHESIS Objectives/Goals: Classify organisms in how they obtain energy Identify the reactants and products of photosynthesis Understand how ATP is used to provide cells with
Name: Period: AP Biology Big Idea 2 Unit Study Guide This study guide highlights concepts and terms covered in the evolution unit. While this study guide is meant to be inclusive, any term or concept covered
8.1 Energy and Life Lesson Objectives Describe the role of ATP in cellular activities. Explain where plants get the energy they need to produce food. BUILD Vocabulary A. The chart below shows key terms
Respiration and Photosynthesis Cellular Respiration Glycolysis The Krebs Cycle Electron Transport Chains Anabolic Pathway Photosynthesis Calvin Cycle Flow of Energy Energy is needed to support all forms
Name Date Class CHAPTER 5 TEST PREP PRETEST Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration In the space provided, write the letter of the term or phrase that best completes each statement or best answers each
Cell Energy Notes Name Per THE ENDOSYMBIOTIC THEORY The Endosymbiotic theory is the idea that a long time ago, engulfed other prokaryotic cells by. This resulted in the first First proposed by Explains
4.3 Photosynthesis in Detail KEY CONCEPT Photosynthesis requires a series of chemical reactions. MAIN IDEAS The first stage of photosynthesis captures and transfers energy. The second stage of photosynthesis
Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration All cellular activities require energy. Directly or indirectly nearly all energy for life comes from the sun. Autotrophs:
Photosynthesis - Plants obtain energy directly from the sun - Organisms that do this are autotrophs (make their own food from inorganic forms) - Photosynthesis is a series of chemical reactions where the
2011 Chapter 8 Photosynthesis Class/Homework Chapter 8 Vocabulary 8.1 Term Definition Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) Autotroph Heterotroph Photosynthesis Compound that cells use to store and release energy
PHOTOSYNTHESIS CONVERTING LIGHT ENERGY TO CHEMICAL ENERGY PHOTOSYNTHESIS Where did this redwood tree and saguaro cactus come from? Where did the molecules that make up the cells that make up the plants
Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis Imagine an abandoned house that is falling apart. Restoring order to the house will require an input of energy (for example: hammering nails, applying paint). Living
Photosynthesis Redox Reactions break bonds & move electrons from one molecule to another as electrons move they carry energy with them that energy is stored in another bond, released as heat or harvested
Name: Quiz name: Cellular Respiration & Photosynthesis Review Date: 1. You are able to live on Earth due to which waste product of photosynthesis? A carbon dioxide B water C sugar D oxygen 2. Organisms
Ch. 4 Cells and Energy Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration 1 2 4.1 Chemical Energy and ATP Living organisms need energy Most comes indirectly from sun! Some change sunlight into organic compounds Others
Cell Processes and Energy Name Date Class Photosynthesis This section explains how plants make food by using the energy from sunlight. Use Target Reading Skills As you read, create a flowchart that shows