1 Slide 1 / 92 Slide 2 / 92 BIOLOGY Classification & Phylogeny April Vocabulary Click on each word below to go to the definition. Slide 3 / 92 acoelomate angiosperm bilateral symmetry binomial nomenclature cladistic analysis cladogram class coelomate cotyledon dicot domain endothermic family genus gymnosperm heterotroph invertebrate kingdom monocot order phloem phototroph phylogenetic tree phylogeny phylum psuedocoelomate radial symmetry species epithet taxa vertebrate xylem
2 Classification & Phylogeny Topics Slide 4 / 92 Classification & Naming Phylogeny & Cladistics Domains & Kingdoms Kingdom Plantae Kingdom Animalia Click on the topic to go to that section Classification & Naming Slide 5 / 92 Return to Table of Contents Classification Slide 6 / 92 Classification is a method of organizing species into groups called taxa. There are 8 taxa in the modern system of classification. This modern system began with the work of Carolus Linnaeus in Linnaeus based his classification of species solely on shared characteristics. Scientists have refined this system using molecular homologies and DNA evidence.
3 The Bigger Picture Think about classification in this way... the country is divided into states, states into counties, counties into towns, towns into streets, and streets into individual houses. Slide 7 / 92 People living in the same house have more in common than people on the same street. People on the same street have more in common than people in the same town. People in the same town have more in common than people in the same county. People in the same county have more in common than people in the same state. People in the same state have more in common that people in the same country. The Big Picture Slide 8 / 92 Continent state country Less in Common county town street house person More in Common The Classification System Slide 9 / 92 Domain Kingdom Continent Phylum Order Class state country Less in Common Genus Family street town county Species house person More in Common
4 In other words... Species to Domain Slide 10 / 92 Organisms of the same species have more in common than organisms of the same genus. Organisms of the same genus have more in common than organisms of the same family. Organisms of the same family have more in common than organisms of the same order. Organisms of the same order have more in common than organisms of the same class. Organisms of the same class have more in common than organisms of the phylum. Organisms of the same phylum have more in common than organisms of the same kingdom. Organisms of the same kingdom have more in common than organisms of the same domain. 1 Which of these groupings has the most in common? Slide 11 / 92 A B C D order class phylum kingdom 2 Which of these groupings has the least in common? Slide 12 / 92 A B C D order class phylum kingdom
5 3 Below is the biological classification of humans in order from least in common to most in common. Identify the highlighted taxa. A phylum, order B family, genus C phylum, speices D kingdom, family Eukarya Animalia Chordata Mammalia Primates Hominidae Homo Homo sapiens Slide 13 / 92 4 Below is the biological classification of the Asian elephant in order from least in common to most in common. Identify the highlighted taxa. A phylum, order B family, genus C class, speices D phylum, genus Eukarya Animalia Chordata Mammalia Proboscidea Elephantidae Elephas Elephas maximus Slide 14 / 92 We are Homo sapiens Slide 15 / 92 Why are we given this special name?
6 Binomial Nomenclature Slide 16 / 92 Binomial nomenclature is the formal system of naming a species. Each species' name includes the organism's genus and a species epithet to identify it. Common Name Genus species epithet dog Canis familiaris Wolf Canis lupis Sugar Maple Tree Acer sacchaum Human Rules for Naming Slide 17 / 92 Homo sapiens 1. The first letter of the genus is always capitalized. 2. The first letter of the species epithet is never capitalized. 3. The whole name is italicized. Both the genus and species epithet together are referred to as the name of the species. We are never just called sapiens. 5The genus for the American black bears is ursus and the epithet is americanus. Which of the following is the proper species name of American black bears? Slide 18 / 92 A B C D E Ursus Americanus Americanus ursus Ursus americanus Ursus americanus Americanus Ursus
7 6The species name for a tiger is Panthera tigris. What is a tiger's genus? Slide 19 / 92 A B Panthera tigris Phylogeny & Cladistics Slide 20 / 92 Return to Table of Contents Phylogeny Slide 21 / 92 Scientists can further classify a species based on its probable evolutionary history. A phylogeny is a graphic method of illustrating the evolutionary relationships between species. Example of a Mammalian Phylogeny
8 Phylogenetic Trees Slide 22 / 92 Phylogenetic trees are used to show relatedness among organisms. Branches separate organisms based on traits they have in common. Biologists use two methods to place organisms on the phylogenetic tree: - morphological similarities (similarities in body structure and embryonic development) - molecular similarities (similarities in DNA, RNA, and proteins) Phylogenetic trees are constantly changing to fit in the new information that scientists learn. 7Which of the following is NOT used to create a phylogenetic tree? Slide 23 / 92 A B C D DNA comparison Molecular homologies Acquired characteristics Comparative embryology Cladistics One of the tools used to create a phylogeny is cladistic analysis. A cladogram is a special type of phylogenetic tree that uses derived traits to determine which species are most closely related. Slide 24 / 92 retractable claws ability to purr domestic cat Common Ancestor hair carnivore leopard wolf horse Turtle
9 Another Way to Show It Slide 25 / 92 Turtle Horse Wolf Leopard Domestic Cat Ability to purr Retractable Claws Carnivour Hair Common Ancestor The closer together two organisms are on the cladogram, the more shared traits they have in common, therefore the more related they are. Clade Turtle Horse Wolf Leopard Domestic Cat Ability to purr Slide 26 / 92 Retractable Claws Carnivour Hair Common Ancestor Slide 27 / 92
10 Slide 28 / 92 Domains & Kingdoms Slide 29 / 92 Return to Table of Contents Domains Slide 30 / 92 In a phylogenetic tree of all life on Earth, the first branches represent the 3 domains of the modern classification system. These 3 domains are: Domain Bacteria Domain Archaea Eukarya Domain Eukarya Bacteria Archaea Common Ancestor
11 Domain Bacteria Slide 31 / 92 Domain Bacteria consists of prokaryotes and includes the bacteria most people are familiar with including both the the beneficial bacteria used to make yogurt as well as disease causing organisms such as E.coli O157:H7 Domain Bacteria has only one kingdom, Eubacteria. Species in this kingdom are assigned to more discrete taxa based on their cell structures, methods of cellular metabolism, and other factors. Eubacteria Bacteria Eukarya Archaea Common Ancestor Domain Archaea Domain Archaea is also contains only prokaryotes. These prokaryotes share characteristics with both bacteria and eukaryotes. They differ from bacteria by a difference in their rrna base sequence and in the structure of their plasma membrane. Slide 32 / 92 Domain Archaea contains organisms which live in places on Earth considered too volatile for other organisms such as very hot or salty environments. Eukarya Archaebacteria Bacteria Archaea Common Ancestor Domain Eukarya Domain Eukarya is made up of eukaryotes. They can be unicellular or multicellular. The cells all have a membrane bound nucleus and various organelles. This domain is broken into 4 kingdoms: - Protista - Fungi - Plantae - Animalia Fungi Eukarya Animalia Plantae Protista Slide 33 / 92 Bacteria Archaea Common Ancestor
12 Major Differences Between Domains Slide 34 / 92 Characteristic Bacteria Archaea Eukarya Unicellular Yes Yes Some species Membrane lipids Phospholipids, unbranched Different types, branched Phospholipids, unbranched Cell Wall Yes with peptidoglycan Yes without peptidoglycan Some species Nuclear Envelope No No Yes Membrane-bound organelles No No Yes 10 Which domain do Homo sapiens belong to? Slide 35 / 92 A B C Bacteria Eukarya Archaea 11What Domain has the most in common with LUCA? Slide 36 / 92 A B C Bacteria Eukarya Archaea
13 12 Which domain has 4 kingdoms? Slide 37 / 92 A B C Bacteria Eukarya Archaea Kingdom Protista Slide 38 / 92 Like all eukaryotes, protists contain organelles and have a true nucleus. Most are unicellular, but some (like algae) are multicellular. plasmodium Often they create colonies. slime mold Some are heterotrophs (getting energy from organic compounds) and some are phototrophs (getting energy from the sun). amoeba Slide 39 / 92 Kingdom Fungi Fungi are eukaryotic and nearly all fungi are multicellular. They have cell walls that contain chitin. Fungi are heterotrophs; they cannot make their own food as they lack chloroplasts. Species in this kingdom are assigned to phyla based on their sexual reproductive structures.
14 Kingdom Plantae Slide 40 / 92 Plants are multicellular, photosynthetic eukaryotes. Members of the Plantae kingdom are further grouped based on how they carry water: vascular and nonvascular. There are 3 non-vascular phyla and 9 vascular phyla. Kingdom Animalia Slide 41 / 92 Animals are eukaryotic, multicellular heterotrophs. There are 36 recognized animal phyla, of which 9 contain the vast majority of described, existing species. Animals are grouped into phyla based on the presence or absence of certain structures. 13Which kingdom(s) do Homo sapiens belong to? Slide 42 / 92 A B C D E Protists Plantae Fungi Animalia all of the above
15 14Which Kingdom(s) have multicellular species? Slide 43 / 92 A B C D E Protists Plantae Fungi Animalia all of the above 15Which Kingdom(s) are exclusively autotrophic? Slide 44 / 92 A B C D E Protists Plantae Fungi Animalia all of the above Last Universal Common Ancestor We're again bought back to the idea of LUCA and that all living things have a common starting point. Let's take another look at the phylogeny that we have drawn so far. Animalia Plantae Fungi Protista Slide 45 / 92 Eukarya Eubacteria Bacteria Archaea Archaebacteria Common Ancestor
16 Kingdom Plantae Slide 46 / 92 Return to Table of Contents Plant Phyla Slide 47 / 92 The plant kingdom is broken down into 12 phyla, based on the presence or absence of a vascular system, the presence/absence of seeds, and the presence/absence of flowers. 3 Non-Vascular Phyla - liverworts - mosses - hornworts 4 Vascular/Non-Seeded Phyla - whisk ferns - club mosses - horsetails - ferns 4 Vascular/Seeded Phyla - conifers - cycads - Ginko biloba - Gnetophyta 1 Vascular/Seeded/Flowering Phyla - all flowering plants Vascular Plants Slide 48 / 92 Vascular plants Non-vascular plants Aquatic plants The vascular plants contain specialized tissues, the xylem and the phloem for moving water and nutrients throughout the plant, much like the human circulatory system.
17 Vascular Tissues Slide 49 / 92 The xylem is mainly responsible for transporting water up from the roots. The phloem transports sugars (sap) from the leaves to parts of the plant that do not undergo photosynthesis such as the branches and roots. xylem in a stem Angiosperm Gymnosperm Seeded Plants In some vascular plants, fertilization results in the development of a seed. Seeds protect the plant embryo until conditions are right for development. Slide 50 / 92 Seeded plants Non-seeded plants Vascular plants Seeded, non-flowering plants are called gymnosperms. Flowering plants are called angiosperms. Gymnosperms vs. Angiosperms Slide 51 / 92 Conifers Deciduous Trees
18 Angiosperms Slide 52 / 92 Angiosperms have dominated the land for over 100 million years and there are about 250,000 known species. Most of our foods come from a few hundred domesticated species of flowering plants. Roughly 70% of angiosperms are polyploid. Monocot Dicot The angiosperms are broken down into 2 classes, the monocots and the dicots. Angiosperm Gymnosperm Seeded Plants Monocots and Dicots Slide 53 / 92 The term monocot and dicot refer to the first leaves that appear on the embryo of the plant, the cotyledon. Monocot Dicot Monocot has one cotyledon Dicot has two cotyledons Slide 54 / 92
19 Examples of Dicots Slide 55 / 92 Fruit Trees Grape Vines Magnolia Tree Pumpkin Patch Monocot Seed Dicot Seed Slide 56 / 92 seed coat seed coat endosperm one cotyledon embryo endosperm two cotyledons embryo Leaf Veins Slide 57 / 92 Monocots have parallel leaf veins while dicots have branched leaf veins
20 Stem Vascular Bundles Slide 58 / 92 The vascular tissue which transports water and nutrients up the stem of the plant has different arrangements in monocots and dicots. Monocots have bundles in complex arrangements Dicots have vascular bundles in a ring 16A dicot has one cotyledon. Slide 59 / 92 True False Slide 60 / 92
21 18This is the stem of a dicot. Slide 61 / 92 True False Flower Petal Arrangements The floral petals on each plant differ in total number. Monocots have petals in multiples of three, while dicots have petals in multiples of four or five. Slide 62 / 92 Monocot Multiple of 3 Dicot Multiple of 4 or 5 Roots Slide 63 / 92 Monocots have a fibrous root system, while dicots typically have one taproot.
22 19Is this flower a monocot? Slide 64 / 92 Yes No 20This flower is a monocot. Slide 65 / 92 True False Slide 66 / 92
23 Continuing Classification Plants are further classified into families, orders, genus, and species based on additional adaptations and derived characteristics such as modified leaves, modified stems, and modified roots. modified stem Slide 67 / 92 modified leaf modified root Phylogeny Examples: Plantae Slide 68 / 92 Kingdom Animalia Slide 69 / 92 Return to Table of Contents
24 The Original Ancestral Animal Slide 70 / 92 The animal kingdom probably evolved during the Cambrian period, 540 million years ago. The earliest animal fossils are from the late Precambrian period, 600 million years ago. The Cambrian Explosion Slide 71 / 92 At the beginning of the Paleozoic era, multicellular animals underwent an 'explosion' in diversity known as the 'Cambrian explosion'. This artist's rendering, based on fossil evidence, of some of the bizarre life forms, now extinct, that emerged during this time. The Cambrian Explosion Slide 72 / 92 All animal body plans that exist today can be traced back with geologic and fossil data to ancestors of this time period. Over time natural selection, for one reason or another, favored some traits over others and today we are left with a small percentage of the body plans that existed in the Cambrian period.
25 Phyla of the Animal Kingdom The animal kingdoms can be broken down into 36 phyla based on body symmetry and body cavities. Slide 73 / 92 Some of these phyla include: - Sponges - Jellyfish - Flatworms - Round Worms - Mollusks - Segmented Worms - Arthropods - Echinoderms - Chordates Jellyfish Sponges Segmented Worms Arthropods Chordates Mollusks Round Worms Flatworms Echinoderms Animalia Symmetry Slide 74 / 92 Animal bodies can either have radial symmetry or bilateral symmetry. Radial Symmetry is a common feature of simple animals. Radially symmetrical animals have all body parts radiating out from the center of the body. Bilateral Symmetry is more commonly found in complex animals. Bilateral animals show a right and left side 22Which of the following animals is radially symmetrical? Slide 75 / 92 A B C D alligator flatworm jellyfish lobster
26 23A human has which type of symmetry? Slide 76 / 92 A B radial symmetry bilateral symmetry Slide 77 / 92 Body Cavities A body cavity is a fluid-filled space that lies between the digestive tract and the body. There are 3 types of body cavities among animals. Acoelomates, such as the flatworm, have no body cavity. Pseudocoelomates, such as the roundworm, have a partiallylined body cavity. Coelomates, such as the earthworm, have a fully-lined body cavity. Acoelomates Slide 78 / 92 Planarian Acoelomates have only a digestive cavity with no lining.
27 Pseudocoelomates Slide 79 / 92 Pseudocoelomates have a partially lined body cavity with loosely holds the animals organs in place. Coelomates Slide 80 / 92 Coelomates have a fully lined body cavity called a coelom which holds the animals organs in place. 24 Humans have which type of body plan? A symmetrical acoelomate B symmetrical coelomate C bilateral psuedocoelomate D bilateral coelomate Slide 81 / 92
28 Phylum: Chordata Slide 82 / 92 Humans belong to the phylum chordata. All chordates have a dorsal nerve cord and a post-anal tail at some time in their development. In humans, this dorsal nerve cord has evolved into the central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord). Phylogeny Examples: Chordata Slide 83 / 92 Invertebrates vs. Vertebrates Slide 84 / 92 The phylum chordata contains the subphylum vertebrata, animals with a backbone. Most animals on Earth today are invertebrates (without a vertebral column). Of the 36 phyla there are in all the kingdoms 35 do not have a backbone.
29 Vertebrata Classes Slide 85 / 92 The subphylum vertebrata contains 5 classes of extant fishes and 4 classes of extant tetrapods (animals with 4 limbs) The 4 classes of tetrapods are: - Amphibians - Reptiles - Birds - Mammals Fishes Birds Amphibians Reptiles Mammals Chordates 25 How many fish have trait A? Slide 86 / How many fish have trait C? Slide 87 / 92
30 27 What traits do primates and ray-finned fish have in common? Slide 88 / 92 A bony skeleton, four limbs C vertebrae, bony skeleton B amniotic egg, vertebrae D hair, four limbs 28 Which of the following sets of animals give birth via amniotic egg? Slide 89 / 92 A rabbits, amphibians, birds C sharks, amphibians, fish B birds, crocodiles, primates D amphibians, primates, rabbits Mammals Slide 90 / 92 Mammals are defined as endothermic (warm-blooded) animals which produce amniotic eggs, in which the fetus is surrounded by an amniotic membrane. Mammals are further classified into orders, families, genus and species based on derived characteristics. Humans belong to the order Primates, the family Hominidae, the genus Homo, and the species Homo sapiens.
Slide 1 / 92 Slide 2 / 92 IOLOGY lassification & Phylogeny pril 2013 www.njctl.org Vocabulary lick on each word below to go to the definition. Slide 3 / 92 acoelomate angiosperm bilateral symmetry binomial
Slide 1 / 92 Slide 2 / 92 IOLOGY lassification & Phylogeny pril 2013 www.njctl.org acoelomate angiosperm bilateral symmetry Slide 3 / 92 Vocabulary lick on each word below to go to the definition. binomial
Classification Classification & Naming Classwork 1. What is the correct order of the current classification hierarchy, from most general to most specific? 2. Are two organisms in domain more or less closely
Slide 1 / 47 Slide 2 / 47 Biology lassification 2015-10-28 www.njctl.org 1 Which of the following accurately lists the levels of classification in our current taxonomic system? Slide 3 / 47 A Phylum, kingdom,
Slide 1 / 47 Slide 2 / 47 iology lassification 2015-10-28 www.njctl.org Slide 3 / 47 1 Which of the following accurately lists the levels of classification in our current taxonomic system? Slide 3 () /
CLASSIFICATION NOTES Classification Classification = arrangement of living things into groups according to their observed similarities. Important because it allows us to be able to study life easier Living
Classification Why do we classify things? Classification provides scientists and students a way to sort and group organisms for easier study. There are millions of organisms on earth! Organisms are classified
Classification Table of Contents Objectives Explain why and how organisms are classified. List the eight levels of classification. Explain scientific names. Describe how dichotomous keys help in identifying
Chapter 18 Classification Chapter Test A Multiple Choice Write the letter on the line provided that best answers the question or completes the statement. 1. Scientists assign each kind of organism a universally
Phylogeny Chapter 26 Taxonomy Taxonomy: ordered division of organisms into categories based on a set of characteristics used to assess similarities and differences Carolus Linnaeus developed binomial nomenclature,
Class: _ Date: _ Ch 17 Practice test 1. A segment of DNA that stores genetic information is called a(n) a. amino acid. b. gene. c. protein. d. intron. 2. In which of the following processes does change
Classification Practice Test Modified True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the statement true. 1. An organism may have different
Name Class Date Section 18-1 Finding Order in Diversity (pages 447-450) Key Concepts How are living things organized for study? What is binomial nomenclature? What is Linnaeus s system of classification?
Chapter 26 Phylogeny and the Tree of Life Biologists estimate that there are about 5 to 100 million species of organisms living on Earth today. Evidence from morphological, biochemical, and gene sequence
Biology Classification Unit 11 11:1 Classification and Taxonomy CLASSIFICATION: process of dividing organisms into groups with similar characteristics TAXONOMY: the science of classifying living things
Classification of Living Things Ch.11 Notes Why do we classify things?! Supermarket aisles! Libraries! Classes! Teams/sports! Members of a family! Roads! Cities! Money What is classification?! Classification:
Classification Chapter 18 The domain system Prokaryotic domains Bacteria and Archaea Eukaryotes Are in the domain Eukarya Bacteria Archaea Eukarya Earliest organisms Prokaryotes Eukoryotes Figure 15.10B
Taxonomy Taxonomy Taxonomy is the science of classifying organisms. It has two main purposes: to identify organisms to represent relationships among organisms Binomial Nomenclature Our present biological
Bell Work: Think about your CD, video game, DVD or book collection at home. How would you separate this collection into different groups? What would the groups be? Try to come up with 4 or 5. Classification
Chapter Presentation Visual Concepts Transparencies Standardized Test Prep Introduction to the Kingdoms of Life Table of Contents Section 1 Introduction to Kingdoms and Domains Section 2 Advent of Multicellularity
Concept 15.4 Modern Taxonomy reflects evolutionary history. What is Taxonomy: identification, naming, and classification of species. Common Names: can cause confusion - May refer to several species (ex.
Unit 8 Classification Chapter 18: Classification www.pearsonrealize.com 18.1 Finding Order in Diversity (510) 18.2 Modern Evolutionary Classification (516) 18.3 Building the Tree of Life (523) Name: Teacher:
Classification of Living Organisms Learning Outcome B1 Learning Outcome B1 Apply the Kingdom System of classification to study the diversity of organisms. Student Achievement Indicators Students who have
Chapter 18: Classification Dichotomous Key A way to identify unknown organisms Contains major characteristics of groups of organisms Pairs of CONTRASTING descriptions 4. After each description key either
Biology 2201 Unit Test Holy Spirit High Mr. Pretty Name: ANSWER KEY 1.) Which of the following increases as you proceed down classification levels from kingdom to species? A) Activity B) Diversity among
Classification Study Guide Answers March 30th, 2017 1. Why do scientists classify organisms? What is the basis for modern day classification? Scientists classify organisms to be able to understand characteristics
DIVERSITY OF LIVING THINGS Prokaryote vs. Eukaryote 1. Test Monday 2. Lab Report Rough Draft (typed) due Wednesday 3. Lab Report Due Friday Oct 7th 4. Letter to MP due Tuesday Oct 11 th CAROLUS LINNAEUS
Finding Order in Diversity Videos Scishow Taxonomy: https://youtu.be/f38bmgpcz_i Bozeman Taxonomy: https://youtu.be/tyl_8gv7rie Terms to Know 1. Radiometric Dating 12. Miller and Urey s 2. Geologic Time
Chapter 18: Classification Structured Notes Why Classify? 1) ) Taxon = Taxonomy = Field of biology that deals with classifying and naming organisms Taxonomist = is a scientists who determines relationships
Biological Kingdoms An introduction to the six kingdoms of living things 3 Domains Archaea 6 Kingdoms Archaebacteria Bacteria Eubacteria Eukaryota Plantae Animalia Fungi Protista Domain Eukaryota Kingdom
Why Classify? Classification has been around ever since people paid attention to organisms. CLASSIFICATION One primeval system was based on harmful and non-harmful organisms. Life is easier when we organize
Zoology Zoology involves studying all aspects of organisms belonging to the animal kingdom taxonomy, animal physiology, comparative anatomy, and ecology. Our study of Zoology will be focused on the different
What Is an Animal? What characteristics do all animals have? Animals come in many shapes, forms, and sizes. Scientists estimate that there are between 1 and 2 million species of animals! Some, like whales
Classification Essential Question Why is it important to place living things into categories? Compare and contrast Taxonomy comparison 18.1 History of Taxonomy Objectives Describe Aristotle s classification
Classification of Living Things Unit II pp 98 Why There is a Need for Classifying There are over 2 million different types of organisms known. biologists can organize living things into groups. Taxonomy
CLASSIFICATION OF LIVING THINGS 1. Taxonomy The branch of biology that deals with the classification of living organisms About 1.8 million species of plants and animals have been identified. Some scientists
9.3 Classification Lesson Objectives Outline the Linnaean classification, and define binomial nomenclature. Describe phylogenetic classification, and explain how it differs from Linnaean classification.
Section 1: The History of Classification Section 2: Modern Classification Section 3: Domains and Kingdoms Click on a lesson name to select. Early Systems of Classification Biologists use a system of classification
Organizing Life s Diversity Section 17.1 Classification Scan Section 1 of your book. Write three questions that come to mind from reading the headings and the illustration captions. 1. 2. 3. Review species
Chapter 25/26 Taxonomy and Biodiversity Evolutionary biology The major goal of evolutionary biology is to reconstruct the history of life on earth Process: a- natural selection b- mechanisms that change
CLASSIFICATION Similarities and Differences TEKS 8A: Students will define taxonomy and recognize the importance of a standard system to the scientific community 8B: Students will categorize organisms using
Biology B Course Summary This is the second of two courses that comprise Biology. This course is designed to prepare the student to confidently enter and complete college-level biology courses. The Glencoe
Objectives Classification Notes 8.1 Summarize classification Describe the evidence used to classify organisms. List the seven levels of classification. Describe and list the six kingdoms of living organisms
Name: Period: Biology Test Review: Classification/Taxonomy MAKE SURE YOUR BOOKLET IS COMPLETELY FINISHED! If you are missing information, it can be found on your teacher s webpage. I. Definitions Try to
Classification Systems - Taxonomy Why Classify? 2.5 million kinds of organisms Not complete- 20 million organisms estimated Must divide into manageable groups To work with the diversity of life we need
Unit Two: Biodiversity Chapter 4 A. Classifying Living Things (Ch.4 - page 100) Scientific knowledge is constantly evolving ( changing ): new evidence is discovered laws and theories are tested and possibly
Name Exam Date Class Unit 9: Taxonomy (Classification) Notes What is Classification? is when we place organisms into based on their. Classification is also known as. Taxonomists are scientists that & organisms
Classification Cladistics & The Three Domains of Life Biology Mrs. Flannery Finding Order in Diversity Earth is over 4.5 billion years old. Life on Earth appeared approximately 3.5 billion years ago and
NAME pg. 1 Classification Domain Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus species Eukarya Animalia Chordata Mammalia Primate Hominidae Homo sapiens Mnemonic: DUMB KING PHILIP CAME OVER FOR GOOD SOUP Domain
California Biology Handbook........................... CA1 The California Biology Handbook includes correlations of the Biology/Life Science standards to the content in Biology: The Dynamics of Life. Also
Kingdoms and Domains Lisa Michalek The Kingdoms of Life Biologists have organized living things into large groups called Kingdoms. Biologists group organisms into six Kingdoms based on RNA and DNA sequencing
Name: Period: Chapter 17 assignments Pages/Sections Date Assigned Date Due Topic: The Tree of Life Objective: How may we organize so many different organisms? The Tree of Life o organize organisms by structure
CH. 18 Classification Name:_ 1. Biologists use a classification system to group organisms in part because organisms a. are going extinct. b. are very numerous and diverse. c. are too much alike. d. share
Chapter 17 Organizing Life's Diversity Key Concepts: Chapter 17 1. List the 3 domains and the 6 kingdoms. 2. Our current system of classification was originally based on structures; scientists now base
Classification What is classification? Basically classification is a fancy word for organization. Some Scientists believe there are as many as 200 million different kinds of living things on our planet.
1. Scientists used to group fungi with plants. Which of the following is a major factor that determines why fungi are not classified as part of the plant kingdom? A. Fungi do not have chitin B. Fungi grow
Evolution and diversity of organisms Competency Levels - 7 3.1.1 Uses the theories of origin of life and natural selection to analyze the process of evolution of life 3.2.1 Constructs hierarchy of taxa
OBJECTIVE SHEET TAXONOMY 1. Construct and use dichotomous keys to identify organisms. 2. Define scientific name and the binomial system of nomenclature. 3. Name and describe the general characteristics
Revision Based on Chapter 25 Grade 11 Biology Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles
Organizing Life on Earth Inquire: Organizing Life on Earth Overview Scientists continually obtain new information that helps to understand the evolutionary history of life on Earth. Each group of organisms
Chapter 8-9 Intro to Animals Image from: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/index.html Zoology Definition: the scientific study of the behavior, structure, physiology, classification, and distribution
Classification Classification Classify to group things together based on similarities Why Classify? To make organisms/items easier to identify To make organisms/items easier to compare Allows us to predict
NAME: DATE: PER: CLASSIFICATION OF LIFE Powerpoint Notes 1. Species of Organisms a) There are known species of organisms b) This is only of all organisms that ever lived. c) are still being found and identified.
Classification Grouping & Identifying Living Things Classifying Living Things We put livings things into three Domains Eukarya Bacteria Archaea Which are divided into 6 Kingdoms Plant Animal Fungi Protist
What makes things alive? CRITERIA FOR LIFE Learning Goals I can determine if something is alive based on the criteria for life. I can describe the history of life on Earth. I can describe how organisms
1 Kingdoms and Classification 2 Domains Broadest, most inclusive taxon Three domains Archaea and Eubacteria are unicellular prokaryotes (no nucleus or membrane-bound organelles) Eukarya are more complex
Biology 11 Taxonomy Objectives By the end of the lesson you should be able to: State the levels of classification and the man who created the classification system Describe the 3 domains and the 4 kingdoms
Ideas about targets and terms: 9.2 In the past, all living things were classified in either the kingdom of animals or plants Euglena are singled celled organisms in pond water They are green, so contain,
SECTION 17-1 REVIEW BIODIVERSITY VOCABULARY REVIEW Distinguish between the terms in each of the following pairs of terms. 1. taxonomy, taxon 2. kingdom, species 3. phylum, division 4. species name, species
Grade Level: 9 Course #: 3024T Length: Full Year Credits: Two Diploma: Core 40, Academic Honors Prerequisite: None COURSE DESCRIPTION: BIOLOGY I, PRE-AP This course is designed to introduce the student
Outline Classification of Living Things Chapter 20 Mader: Biology 8th Ed. Taxonomy Binomial System Species Identification Classification Categories Phylogenetic Trees Tracing Phylogeny Cladistic Systematics
Classification and Viruses Practice Test Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Biologists use a classification system to group organisms in part
Classification of Living Things Heather Spalding: University of Hawaii-Manoa GK-12 program VOCABULARY Write the term next to the definition. You will need to know these terms to understand the classification
_ are unicellular fungi _ are multicellular fungi And can only Reproduce Using Can also reproduce Can spread using Because they do not make their own food Hyphae Mycelium Fruiting Body Heterotrophs Budding
Name A Brief Survey of Life s Diversity 1 AP WINTER BREAK ASSIGNMENT (CH 25-34). Complete the questions using the chapters of your textbook Campbell s Biology (8 th edition). CHAPTER 25: The History of
The Classification of Plants and Other Organisms Chapter 18 LEARNING OBJECTIVE 1 Define taxonomy Explain why the assignment of a scientific name to each species is important for biologists KEY TERMS TAXONOMY
Cladograms A diagram that shows evolutionary relationships TAXONOMY The Science of Classifying Organisms Why do we need to classify? Imagine a store..how do you know where to find the milk or the cereal?
UNIT 2 BIODIVERSITY Chapter 4- Patterns of Life Biology 2201 Characteristics of Life All living things share some basic characteristics: 1) living things are organized systems made up of one or more cells
Classification A. Why classify? 1. Organize in a meaningful way Too many living things to talk about without organization 2. Universal naming All scientists everywhere use the one same name. For example:
Friday April 8 th 2016 Warm-Up Select a highlighter. Get a bottle of glue. Update your Table of Contents (see whiteboard). Today In Science Classification Presentation and Notes How many different types
Comparing Kingdoms Lab Name: Introduction: Living things are all around us. In der to identify ganisms effectively, scientists have developed methods of classifying ganisms into six maj groups called Kingdoms.
Science Trivia 5 th grade Updated 2012 5.5 Organisms (Living Systems) 1 The brain or center of a cell that controls its activities - 2 3 What is the liquid in a cell that contains chemicals needed to keep
Bio 2201 Unit 2 The Road to the Six Kingdoms A 2011study estimated there are about 8.6 million species on earth. Only 1.8 million species have been identified and named. *Chromista is a sub-kingdom group
Unit 7 Classification & Plants What you Need to Know: Classification: Classification, Taxonomy, Binomial Nomenclature + Scientific Names, Kingdoms, Cladograms, Kingdoms and Domains // Characteristics of
Domains and Kingdoms Archaea Ancient Bacteria Bacteria Regular Bacteria Eukaryota Organisms with a nucleus DOMAIN: Archaea KINGDOM: Archaebacteria Cell Type Structural Organization Cell Wall Mode of Nutrition
Why do we classify organisms? There are a wide range of life forms (about 10 million 13 million species) around us. These life forms have existed and evolved on the Earth over millions of years ago. The
Introduction to Animal Diversity Chapter 32 Objectives List the characteristics that combine to define animals Summarize key events of the Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic eras Distinguish between the
CLASSIFICATION LEVELS KINGDOM PHYLUM CLASS ORDER FAMILY GENUS SPECIES Classification of ME! Animalia Multicellular, mobile, eukaryotic, heterotroph Chordata Dorsal nerve chord, pharyngeal gill slits, bilateral
18.3 Building the Tree of Life Changing Ideas About Kingdoms This diagram shows some of the ways in which organisms have been classified into kingdoms since the 1700s. Three Domains Genetic analysis has
LIFE SCIENCE CHAPTER 9 FLASHCARDS The scientific name for an organism comes from its A main characteristic. B order and class. C kingdom and phylum. D genus and species. What can you find by working through