# Challenger Center Teacher Resources for Engaging Students in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math

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1 Challenger Center Teacher Resources for Engaging Students in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math Designed for Grades 5-8 These resources are brought to you by:

2 Earth vs. Mars Prep Time 10 minutes Lesson Time 45 minutes Essential Questions What characteristics of the planet Mars are most important to know to be able to understand why NASA scientists are focusing on Mars exploration? What would the human experience be on Mars, and how does it affect or limit exploration? Objectives SWBAT explain how characteristics of Mars differ from the characteristics of Earth. Standards Analyze and interpret data to determine similarities and differences in findings. (MS-ESS1-3) The orbits of Earth around the sun and of the moon around Earth, together with the rotation of Earth about an axis between its North and South poles, cause observable patterns. These include day and night; daily changes in the length and direction of shadows; and different positions of the sun, moon, and stars at different times of the day, month, and year. (5-ESS1-2) CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.6.7: Integrate information presented in different media or formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively) as well as in words to develop a coherent understanding of a topic or issue. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST.6-8.9: Compare and contrast the information gained from experiments, simulations, video, or multimedia sources with that gained from reading a text on the same topic. Teacher Notes/Background: Prep: It will be helpful to read through all lesson materials, including handouts, before the lesson begins. Students who need extra assistance can be paired during any portion of the lesson. If room does not allow for the 4 corners game, you can modify by printing the 4 options and having individuals or small groups hold up their answer as you read the statements. Load the video: How does Mars compare to Earth? Create a KWL chart and Venn Diagram on chart paper Have video cued and ready to play Print a copy of the sheet for each student Set up 4 corners game by printing statement cards and labeling corners

4 Evaluate: Elaborate: Earth vs. Mars A Mission to Mars During your lifetime, there will most likely be a manned mission to Mars. People your age now will be the perfect age to participate in the mission when you are adults. All of these facts we have learned today directly relate to a job that someone would need to do during an actual mission to Mars. Let s learn more about these jobs, and think about which one you would want to do, if you were a part of a mission to Mars. Materials PowerPoint (can be projected or printed) Use the PowerPoint to show students each job with its logo and description. This will help them make an informed decision about their potential job choice. Today, students will choose a few jobs that they think they may enjoy, by checking them off on the exit ticket. Leave the final summary slide on the screen for students to reference during their exit ticket or print the summary sheet. After introducing students to all of the possible jobs available during a mission, have them think about which jobs sound the most interesting. Students will check 2-3 jobs they think they would enjoy on their exit ticket today. Project or pass out printed copies of the job descriptions from the final slide of the PowerPoint for students to reference during the exit ticket activity. Students complete the exit ticket. Materials Final slide of PowerPoint (paper or projected) Exit ticket

5 Earth vs. Mars Extensions and Enrichment If more time allows, increase the number of 4 corners cards you use. Have students create their own statements to use for the 4 corners game, based on the video or their own research. Additional Resources: NASA Earth vs Mars Lesson: earthspacescience_grades7-9/ess_earth-vs-mars.html#.v7sex4wce2w NASA Mars Education Lessons:

6 You would weigh more on this planet. Earth This planet has less gravity. Mars It takes this planet 24 hours to revolve once. Earth Both This planet has at least one orbiting moon. This planet is found in the Milky Way Galaxy. Both

7 This planet is the fourth from the sun. Mars This planet has an average temperature of 57 F. Earth The atmosphere on this planet is mostly CO 2. Mars This planet has an ionosphere that protects it from the sun. Earth This planet experiences four seasons. Both

8 This planet takes 687 days to orbit the sun. Mars This planet has a denser atmosphere. Earth This planet experiences weather. Both This planet contains the highest peak in the galaxy, reaching 13.2 miles above sea level. Mars This planet is the smaller of the two planets. Mars

9 This planet has polar ice caps. Both This planet has a lot of iron in the soil. Mars This planet experiences significant dust storms that can last for months. Mars Little green men live here. Neither This planet is the farthest known planet from the sun. Neither

10 Neither

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12

13

14 Exit Ticket Two things I learned today: The 2 or 3 jobs I think I would be most interested in if I was part of a mission to Mars... BIO BOT COM GEO LS MED NAV ROV WEATHER

15 Challenger Center thanks Subaru for sponsoring the development of these materials. Resources like this are an invaluable addition to the teacher toolkit, and will be utilized by thousands of teachers across the United States. About Subaru of America, Inc. Subaru of America, Inc. is a wholly owned subsidiary of Fuji Heavy Industries Ltd. of Japan. Headquartered at a zero-landfill office in Cherry Hill, N.J., the company markets and distributes Subaru vehicles, parts, and accessories through a network of more than 620 retailers across the United States. All Subaru products are manufactured in zero-landfill production plants, and Subaru of Indiana Automotive, Inc. is the only U.S. automobile production plant to be designated a backyard wildlife habitat by the National Wildlife Federation. For additional information, visit media.subaru.com.

16 All materials contained within this book are the sole property of Challenger Center. Challenger Center 2016

### Challenger Center Teacher Resources for Engaging Students in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math

Challenger Center Teacher Resources for Engaging Students in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math Designed for Grades 5-8 These resources are brought to you by: Human Bodies on Mars Prep Time 30

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