# LESSON PLAN OUTLINE JMU Elementary Education Program

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2 The student will be able to explain that a cycle is a repeated pattern and that a sequence is a series of events occurring in a natural order. E. ASSESSING LEARNING Objective Assessment Data Collected Students will draw pictures that correspond with the Mole Moon story (6 images). The student will demonstrate, model, and illustrate the different phases of the moon. The student will demonstrate, model, and illustrate the different phases of the moon. The student will demonstrate, model, and illustrate the different phases of the moon. The student will be able to explain that a cycle is a repeated pattern and that a sequence is a series of events occurring in a natural order. Observe students and their willingness to take part in the group activity. Make sure to ask different students questions (not the same). Have all students use hands-on approach in the demonstration, Turn-tos Think-pair-share Collect the Mole Moon worksheets to see if the students understand that there are different types of moon phases. Observation chart to see if all students are participating and to identify those that still have questions. Observation of students interacting with peers and discussing what the moon looked like from another person s perspective. Students interacting with peers discussing moon phases and how often the cycle and sequence occur. Students should know that the cycle lasts roughly one month. F. MATERIALS NEEDED Student - Flip books - Pencils - Sheet on phases of the moon - Story Mole Moon Teacher - Round object (moon) - The Moon Book by Gail Gibbons (pgs on Moon rotation to phases of the moon; causes) - Example of flip-book G. MISCONCEPTIONS or ALTERNATIVE CONCEPTIONS i. The Moon can only be seen at night

3 1. Have you ever seen the moon during the day? 2. Can you always see the moon at night? What if there are clouds? ii. The Moon makes its own light, instead of reflecting sunlight iii. The Moon s phases are caused by the Earth s shadow (Shadow at night?) iv. The Moon s phases are caused by clouds v. The Moon s phases are caused by Earth s rotation on its axis vi. The Moon s phases are caused by the Moon s rotation on its axis vii. The Moon takes one day to orbit the Earth (about a month) viii. The Moon orbits the Sun instead of the Earth ix. There is a side of the moon that is always dark, the dark side of the moon. x. Different countries see different phases of the moon on the same day Depending on what a student s prior knowledge is, they may or may not have misconceptions about the phases of the moon. Children may have difficulty grasping the concept of what causes the phases of the moon. This is where using some kind of a hands-on activity or visual representation would be beneficial. H. PROCEDURE (Include a DETAILED description of each step. Write what you will SAY and DO.) Before/ During Teacher should have all the copies made Read Mole Moon Stop on page 35 bright and round and peaceful -have students fill out first description of moon Stop bright and squashed on one side and peaceful -have students fill out 2 nd view Stop it s bright and half a circle and peaceful -have students fill out 3 rd view Student: -have one student fill out what the moon looks like on the teacher s copy or show their own Teacher: -do you think it matters which side it is squashed? -did anyone draw the moon another way? opposite of this image? Stop on page 36 it is not bright, and only a crescent, but it is very peaceful -have students fill out 4 th view Who is right? Which is the correct moon? Stop nobody can see the moon tonight -have students draw 5 th image

6 Students might have a hard time believing that the moon doesn t change shape. They will most likely look at the different images and decide that they look different so they must be a different shape. To correct this, I will demonstrate with the flashlight/ball activity. Misconceptions might not be completely erased. I will have to demonstrate with concrete evidence; hopefully the flashlight activity will help with this. Sources: moon.nasa.gov/moonmisconceptions.ofm

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