Climate vs. Weather. Weather: Short term state of the atmosphere. Climate: The average weather conditions in an area over a long period of time

Save this PDF as:
Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Climate vs. Weather. Weather: Short term state of the atmosphere. Climate: The average weather conditions in an area over a long period of time"

Transcription

1 Weather and Climate

2 Climate vs. Weather Weather: Short term state of the atmosphere. Temperature, humidity, cloud cover, precipitation, winds, visibility, air pressure, air pollution, etc Climate: The average weather conditions in an area over a long period of time Described by temperature and precipitation

3 Measurement Definition Instrument M E A S U R I N G Temperature Air Pressure Wind Speed How hot or cold the air is The weight of the air How fast the wind is blowing Thermometer Barometer Anemometer W E A T H E R Wind Direction Humidity Precipitation Where the wind is blowing from Amount of water vapor in the air Amount of rain or snow that falls Weather Vane Hygrometer Rain Gauge

4 Measuring Weather Instruments used in measuring weather in the upper atmosphere Radiosonde: a package of instruments that is carried aloft by balloons to measure upper atmospheric conditions, including temperature, dew point, and wind velocity sends measurements as radio waves to a receiver that records the information. When the balloon reaches a very high altitude, the balloon expands and bursts, and the radiosonde parachutes back to Earth. Radar: radio detection and ranging a system that uses reflected radio waves to determine the velocity and location of objects The newest Doppler radar can indicate the precise location, movement, and extent of a storm. It can also indicate the intensity of precipitation and wind patterns within a storm. Weather Satellites: Satellite images provide weather information for regions where observations cannot be made from ground. The direction and speed of the wind at the level of the clouds can also be measured by examining a continuous sequence of cloud images. Satellite instruments can also measure marine conditions. Computers Solving very difficult mathematical equations Store weather data Can provide information that is useful in forecasting weather changes

5 Measuring Weather Continue

6 Measuring Climate Methods of Studying Past Climates Method What is measured What is indicated Length of time measured Ice Core Concentrations of gases in ice and melt water High levels of CO 2 indicate warmer climate; ice ages follow decreases in CO 2 Hundreds of thousand of years Sea-floor Sediment Concentration of 18 O in shells of microorganisms High 18 O levels indicate cool water; lower 18 O levels indicate warm water. Hundreds of thousand of years Fossils Pollen types, leaf shapes, and animal body adaptations Flower pollens and broad leaves indicate warm climates; evergreen pollens and small, waxy leaves indicate cool climates. Animal fossils show adaptations to climate changes. Millions of years Tree Rings Ring width Thin rings indicate cool weather and less precipitation Hundreds to thousands of years

7 Measuring Climate Continue Long term weather measurements Satellites Geological Evidence Evidence of glaciation Rock layers

8 Climate Graph

9 Creation of Wind that eventually leads to weather and climate.

10 Flashlight Mini Lab Flashlight Demo: Predictions: Which will have the most energy per given area, the 90 degree or the 30 degree angle flashlight? Hold the flashlight at 90 degree angle and about 10 inches above your paper Draw an outline around the beam Count the number of squares: Hold the flashlight at 30 degree angle and about 10 inches above your paper Draw an outline around the beam Count the number of squares: Which has the most energy per given area? 90 degree

11 Direct vs. Indirect Sunlight Sun gives off the same amount of radiation and stays the same temperature! The tilt of the Earth (23 ½ degrees) determines the concentration of the sun in a given area Small area = large concentration Big area = less concentration

12

13

14 HOW DIRECT AND INDIRECT RELATES TO CLIMATES

15 Winter in Northern Hemisphere Tilted away from the Sun Cooler Temperatures = Cooler Climates Higher latitudes Sun s rays hit Earth at a smaller angle Solar energy is spread out over a larger area windows2universe.org

16 Summer in Northern Hemisphere Tilted towards the Sun Higher Temperatures = Warmer Climates Lower latitudes Sun s rays hit Earth around 90 degrees Solar energy is more direct, smaller areas windows2universe.org

17 HOW DIRECT AND INDIRECT RELATE TO WIND

18 Uneven Heating of the Earth Is warm air more or less dense the cold air? Less Dense If you have cold air at the poles and warm air at the equator where do you think each air mass will want to move and why? Cold air mass will move toward the warm air mass and the warm air mass will move toward the cold air mass because of convection. Convection: the movement of matter due to differences in the density that are caused by temperature variations; can result in the transfer of energy as heat. Convection currents/density currents The convection of air is a key piece in creating wind.

19 Atmospheric Pressure(Air Pressure) atmospheric pressure: the force per unit area that is exerted on a surface by the weight of the atmosphere decreases as altitude increases changes as a result of differences in temperature and in the amount of water vapor in the air

20 Atmospheric Pressure Continue

21 Atmospheric Pressure Continue

22 Pressure Gradient Uneven heating of the Earth s surface creates pressure gradients. Cause air to move form high pressure areas to low pressure areas creating wind mation/atmosphere/pressure_gradient.gif

23 THE WIND S PATH

24 Question Why doesn t the wind blow straight to the North and South pole from the equator? Rotation of the Earth, which we call the Coriolis Effect

25 Coriolis Effect Coriolis effect: the curving of the path of a moving object from an otherwise straight path due to Earth s rotation Circulation of atmosphere and ocean currents are effected. elated Hold the spherical device in your hand and rotate it counterclockwise (West to East) and look at it from the top. Which way is it rotating? counterclockwise Now keep rotating it counterclockwise (West to East) and look from the bottom, which why is it rotating? Clockwise

26 Coriolis Effect Continue

27 High and Low Pressure Wind High pressure winds move outwards Low pressure winds move inwards Both are curved because of the Coriolis Effect Directions

28 Cyclones and Anticyclones The hole column of air around a high or low pressure. Cyclones: when air moves into low areas it collides or converges. The collision causes the air to lifted and then diverge. Part of how storms are created Anticyclones: air converges towards the surface and then once it reaches the surface it is forced out (divergence) Nice weather

29

30 Global Wind Patterns trade wind: Blow from east to west Latitudes 30º latitude to the equator in both hemispheres Westerlies: Blow from west to east between 30º and 60º latitude in both hemispheres descending air moving toward the poles is deflected by the Coriolis effect Polar easterlies: Blow from east to west between 60 and 90 latitude in both hemispheres Surface winds created by the polar high pressure are deflected by the Coriolis effect Each of the three types of winds are affected by the High and Low pressures Both winds and pressure zones have an impacted on determining climates around the global. Dry air Sinking Dry air Sinking Moist air rising Moist air rising Dry air Sinking Moist air rising Dry air Sinking

31 Jet Stream a narrow band of strong winds that blow in the upper troposphere These wind exist in the Northern and Southern Hemisphere. Subtropical jet stream. Polar jet streams: reach speeds of 500 km/h can affect airline routes and the paths of storms.

32 HOW OCEAN ARE EFFECTED BY WIND

33 How Global Winds Effect Ocean Surface Currents Trade winds cause the ocean currents to be pushed westward across the tropical latitudes of all three major oceans. Westerlies cause the ocean currents to be pushed eastward in the higher latitudes.

34 Coriolis Effect on Oceans Cause gyre Huge circle of moving ocean water found above and below the equator Northern hemisphere they move clockwise Southern hemisphere they move counterclockwise

35

36 El Nino Trade wind either weaken or switch direction Cause upwelling to weaken or stop off the coast of South America and the fish die from heat and lack of nutrient from the upwelling process. Causes flooding in South America (Peru) and droughts in Indonesia and Australia. Mess up the weather for the rest of the Global.

37

Website Lecture 3 The Physical Environment Part 1

Website   Lecture 3 The Physical Environment Part 1 Website http://websites.rcc.edu/halama Lecture 3 The Physical Environment Part 1 1 Lectures 3 & 4 1. Biogeochemical Cycling 2. Solar Radiation 3. The Atmosphere 4. The Global Ocean 5. Weather and Climate

More information

Weather & Ocean Currents

Weather & Ocean Currents Weather & Ocean Currents Earth is heated unevenly Causes: Earth is round Earth is tilted on an axis Earth s orbit is eliptical Effects: Convection = vertical circular currents caused by temperature differences

More information

Global Weather Trade Winds etc.notebook February 17, 2017

Global Weather Trade Winds etc.notebook February 17, 2017 Global Weather 1 north pole northern hemisphere equator southern hemisphere south pole 2 We have seasons because of the Earth's tilt The seasons are opposite in the northern and southern hemispheres winter

More information

25.1 Air Masses. Section 25.1 Objectives

25.1 Air Masses. Section 25.1 Objectives Section 25.1 Objectives Explain how an air mass forms. List the four main types of air masses. Describe how air masses affect the weather of North America. Air Masses 25.1 Air Masses Differences in air

More information

Background: What is Weather?

Background: What is Weather? Weather Maps Background: What is Weather? Weather is the day-to-day state of the atmosphere. The interaction of three important factors result in weather systems: air temperature, air pressure, and the

More information

Climate versus Weather

Climate versus Weather Climate versus Weather What is climate? Climate is the average weather usually taken over a 30-year time period for a particular region and time period. Climate is not the same as weather, but rather,

More information

Website Lecture 3 The Physical Environment Part 1

Website   Lecture 3 The Physical Environment Part 1 Website http://websites.rcc.edu/halama Lecture 3 The Physical Environment Part 1 1 Lectures 3 & 4 1. Biogeochemical Cycling 2. Solar Radiation 3. The Atmosphere 4. The Global Ocean 5. Weather and Climate

More information

The Atmosphere - Chapter Characteristics of the Atmosphere

The Atmosphere - Chapter Characteristics of the Atmosphere Section Objectives Describe the composition of Earth s atmosphere. Explain how two types of barometers work. Identify the layers of the atmosphere. Identify two effects of air pollution. The Atmosphere

More information

Week: Dates: 3/2 3/20 Unit: Climate

Week: Dates: 3/2 3/20 Unit: Climate clementaged.weebly.com Name: EVEN Period: Week: 28 30 Dates: 3/2 3/20 Unit: Climate Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday 2 O 3 E *Vocabulary *Water in the Atmosphere and Clouds Notes *Cloud Drawings

More information

The Atmosphere. Characteristics of the Atmosphere. Section 23.1 Objectives. Chapter 23. Chapter 23 Modern Earth Science. Section 1

The Atmosphere. Characteristics of the Atmosphere. Section 23.1 Objectives. Chapter 23. Chapter 23 Modern Earth Science. Section 1 The Atmosphere Chapter 23 Modern Earth Science Characteristics of the Atmosphere Chapter 23 Section 1 Section 23.1 Objectives Describe the composition of Earth s atmosphere. Explain how two types of barometers

More information

1 What Is Climate? TAKE A LOOK 2. Explain Why do areas near the equator tend to have high temperatures?

1 What Is Climate? TAKE A LOOK 2. Explain Why do areas near the equator tend to have high temperatures? CHAPTER 17 1 What Is Climate? SECTION Climate BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What is climate? What factors affect climate? How do climates differ

More information

Unit Three Worksheet Meteorology/Oceanography 2 WS GE U3 2

Unit Three Worksheet Meteorology/Oceanography 2 WS GE U3 2 Unit Three Worksheet Meteorology/Oceanography 2 WS GE U3 2 Name Period Section 17.3 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Of the following, which is NOT a factor that controls temperature? (C) latitude (D) longitude

More information

Energy Transfer in the Atmosphere

Energy Transfer in the Atmosphere Energy Transfer in the Atmosphere Textbook pages 436 459 Section 10.2 Summary Before You Read What do you think causes wind? Write your thoughts in the lines below. Mark the Text In Your Own Words Highlight

More information

Wind: Global Systems Chapter 10

Wind: Global Systems Chapter 10 Wind: Global Systems Chapter 10 General Circulation of the Atmosphere General circulation of the atmosphere describes average wind patterns and is useful for understanding climate Over the earth, incoming

More information

b. The boundary between two different air masses is called a.

b. The boundary between two different air masses is called a. NAME Earth Science Weather WebQuest Part 1. Air Masses 1. Find out what an air mass is. http://okfirst.mesonet.org/train/meteorology/airmasses.html a. What is an air mass? An air mass is b. The boundary

More information

Space Atmospheric Gases. the two most common gases; found throughout all the layers a form of oxygen found in the stratosphere

Space Atmospheric Gases. the two most common gases; found throughout all the layers a form of oxygen found in the stratosphere Earth s atmospheric layers Earth s atmosphere is the layer of gases that surrounds the planet and makes conditions on Earth suitable for living things. Layers Earth s atmosphere is divided into several

More information

Unit 2 Meteorology Test **Please do not write on this test** 5. El Nino & La Nina 6. Photosynthesis 7. Coriolis Effect 8.

Unit 2 Meteorology Test **Please do not write on this test** 5. El Nino & La Nina 6. Photosynthesis 7. Coriolis Effect 8. Matching (2 points each) 1. weather 2. climate 3. Greenhouse Effect 4. Convection Unit 2 Meteorology Test **Please do not write on this test** 5. El Nino & La Nina 6. Photosynthesis 7. Coriolis Effect

More information

Chapter 12: Meteorology

Chapter 12: Meteorology Chapter 12: Meteorology Section 1: The Causes of Weather 1. Compare and contrast weather and climate. 2. Analyze how imbalances in the heating of Earth s surface create weather. 3. Describe how and where

More information

Lesson Overview. Climate. Lesson Overview. 4.1 Climate

Lesson Overview. Climate. Lesson Overview. 4.1 Climate Lesson Overview 4.1 THINK ABOUT IT When you think about climate, you might think of dramatic headlines: Hurricane Katrina floods New Orleans! or Drought parches the Southeast! But big storms and seasonal

More information

SPI Analyze data to identify events associated with heat convection in the atmosphere. SPI Recognize the connection between the

SPI Analyze data to identify events associated with heat convection in the atmosphere. SPI Recognize the connection between the SPI 0607.8.1 - Analyze data to identify events associated with heat convection in the atmosphere. SPI 0607.8.2 - Recognize the connection between the sun s energy and the wind. o Energy from the Sun creates

More information

The Transfer of Heat

The Transfer of Heat The Transfer of Heat Outcomes: S2-4-03 Explain effects of heat transfer within the atmosphere and hydrosphere on the development and movement of wind and ocean currents. Coriolis Effect In our ecology

More information

Weather Systems. Section

Weather Systems. Section Section 1 12.2 Objectives Compare and contrast the three major wind systems. Identify four types of fronts. Distinguish between highand low-pressure systems. Review Vocabulary convection: the transfer

More information

Warm Up Vocabulary Check

Warm Up Vocabulary Check Warm Up Vocabulary Check Surface current Coriolis Effect global winds upwelling Gulf Stream deep current climate El Nino convection current continental deflection 1.The apparent curving of the path of

More information

Earth Science Chapter 16 and 17. Weather and Climate

Earth Science Chapter 16 and 17. Weather and Climate Earth Science Chapter 16 and 17 Weather and Climate Prediction Old way Groundhog Color of the sky Modern way satellites instruments computers Goal Weather Factors Studied by meteorologists Several factors

More information

Chapter 9 Atmosphere Study Guide

Chapter 9 Atmosphere Study Guide Science Chapter 9 Atmosphere Study Guide Name Due 1. What is the definition for: a. Conduction: The transfer of thermal energy by collisions between particles in matter. (Heats air close to Earth s surface)

More information

Go With the Flow From High to Low Investigating Isobars

Go With the Flow From High to Low Investigating Isobars Go With the Flow From High to Low Investigating Isobars Science 10 Mrs. Purba Air Masses The air over a warm surface can be heated, causing it to rise above more dense air. The result is the formation

More information

also known as barometric pressure; weight of the air above the surface of the earth; measured by a barometer air pressure, high

also known as barometric pressure; weight of the air above the surface of the earth; measured by a barometer air pressure, high Weather Vocabulary Vocabulary Term Meaning/Definition air mass * large bodies of air that have the similar properties throughout such as temperature, humidity, and air pressure; causes most of the weather

More information

Standard 3, Objective 2: Describe elements of weather and the factors that cause them to vary from day to day.

Standard 3, Objective 2: Describe elements of weather and the factors that cause them to vary from day to day. o Vocabulary o Weather o Occluded Front o Low Pressure System o Stationary Front o High Pressure System o Air Masses o Cold Front o Warm Front Standard 3, Objective 2: Describe elements of weather and

More information

Standard 3: Students will understand the atmospheric processes that support life and cause weather and climate.

Standard 3: Students will understand the atmospheric processes that support life and cause weather and climate. Course: 9 th Grade Earth Systems Science Standard 3: Students will understand the atmospheric processes that support life and cause weather and climate. Instructions: In the space provided, write the letter

More information

Name Date Class. growth rings of trees, fossilized pollen, and ocean. in the northern hemisphere.

Name Date Class. growth rings of trees, fossilized pollen, and ocean. in the northern hemisphere. Lesson Outline LESSON 2 A. Long-Term Cycles 1. A(n) climate cycle takes much longer than a lifetime to complete. a. To learn about long-term climate cycles, scientists study natural records, such as growth

More information

Name Period 4 th Six Weeks Notes 2013 Weather

Name Period 4 th Six Weeks Notes 2013 Weather Name Period 4 th Six Weeks Notes 2013 Weather Radiation Convection Currents Winds Jet Streams Energy from the Sun reaches Earth as electromagnetic waves This energy fuels all life on Earth including the

More information

Fluid Circulation Review. Vocabulary. - Dark colored surfaces absorb more energy.

Fluid Circulation Review. Vocabulary. - Dark colored surfaces absorb more energy. Fluid Circulation Review Vocabulary Absorption - taking in energy as in radiation. For example, the ground will absorb the sun s radiation faster than the ocean water. Air pressure Albedo - Dark colored

More information

1 What Is Climate? TAKE A LOOK 2. Explain Why do areas near the equator tend to have high temperatures?

1 What Is Climate? TAKE A LOOK 2. Explain Why do areas near the equator tend to have high temperatures? CHAPTER 3 1 What Is Climate? SECTION Climate BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What is climate? What factors affect climate? How do climates differ

More information

Tuesday, September 13, 16

Tuesday, September 13, 16 Weather Weather State Objectives 4.c, 4.d, 4.h. Discussion What are some ways in which weather affects your everyday life? Discussion What are some ways in which weather affects your everyday life? What

More information

10.1 TEMPERATURE, THERMAL ENERGY AND HEAT Name: Date: Block: (Reference: pp of BC Science 10)

10.1 TEMPERATURE, THERMAL ENERGY AND HEAT Name: Date: Block: (Reference: pp of BC Science 10) 10.1 TEMPERATURE, THERMAL ENERGY AND HEAT Name: Date: Block: (Reference: pp. 424-435 of BC Science 10) kinetic molecular theory: explains that matter is made up of tiny that are constantly. These atoms

More information

Weather Systems Study Guide:

Weather Systems Study Guide: Weather Systems Study Guide: 1. Draw a diagram of Earth s water cycle and label each part. 2. Explain how the water cycle works. 3. What happens in the troposphere and stratosphere? Atmosphere Level What

More information

Science 1206 Chapter 1 - Inquiring about Weather

Science 1206 Chapter 1 - Inquiring about Weather Science 1206 Chapter 1 - Inquiring about Weather 1.1 - The Atmosphere: Energy Transfer and Properties (pp. 10-25) Weather and the Atmosphere weather the physical conditions of the atmosphere at a specific

More information

Winds and Global Circulation

Winds and Global Circulation Winds and Global Circulation Atmospheric Pressure Winds Global Wind and Pressure Patterns Oceans and Ocean Currents El Nino How is Energy Transported to its escape zones? Both atmospheric and ocean transport

More information

Weather is the of the Earth s atmosphere at a place and time. It is the movement of through the atmosphere o Energy comes from the

Weather is the of the Earth s atmosphere at a place and time. It is the movement of through the atmosphere o Energy comes from the Weather Notes Weather Weather is the of the Earth s atmosphere at a place and time It is the movement of through the atmosphere o Energy comes from the The sun is the force that weather The sun s energy

More information

Guided Notes Weather. Part 1: Weather Factors Temperature Humidity Air Pressure Winds Station Models

Guided Notes Weather. Part 1: Weather Factors Temperature Humidity Air Pressure Winds Station Models Guided Notes Weather Part 1: Weather Factors Temperature Humidity Air Pressure Winds Station Models. 1. What is weather? Weather: short-term atmospheric conditions in a specific area at a specific time

More information

Seasons, Global Wind and Climate Study Guide

Seasons, Global Wind and Climate Study Guide Seasons, Global Wind and Climate Study Guide Seasons 1. Know what is responsible for the change in seasons on Earth. 2. Be able to determine seasons in the northern and southern hemispheres given the position

More information

Ch22&23 Test. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Ch22&23 Test. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Ch22&23 Test Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. The two most abundant compounds in the atmosphere are carbon dioxide and a. particulates.

More information

Weather Notes. Chapter 16, 17, & 18

Weather Notes. Chapter 16, 17, & 18 Weather Notes Chapter 16, 17, & 18 Weather Weather is the condition of the Earth s atmosphere at a particular place and time Weather It is the movement of energy through the atmosphere Energy comes from

More information

What a Hurricane Needs to Develop

What a Hurricane Needs to Develop Weather Weather is the current atmospheric conditions, such as air temperature, wind speed, wind direction, cloud cover, precipitation, relative humidity, air pressure, etc. 8.10B: global patterns of atmospheric

More information

4 Forecasting Weather

4 Forecasting Weather CHAPTER 16 4 Forecasting Weather SECTION Understanding Weather BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What instruments are used to forecast weather?

More information

Wind, Water, Weather and Seasons Test Review

Wind, Water, Weather and Seasons Test Review Name: Wind, Water, Weather and Seasons Test Review Period: Please complete the following review to prepare for your exam over wind and ocean currents, weather, and the Earth- Moon- Sun systems. Your test

More information

Chapter 2 Weather Patterns Guided Notes Objective(s): 7.E.1.4 Predict weather conditions and patterns based on information obtained from:

Chapter 2 Weather Patterns Guided Notes Objective(s): 7.E.1.4 Predict weather conditions and patterns based on information obtained from: Chapter 2 Weather Patterns Guided Notes Objective(s): 7.E.1.4 Predict weather conditions and patterns based on information obtained from: Weather data collected from direct observations and measurement

More information

Science 1206 SAMPLE Test ( Weather Dynamics)

Science 1206 SAMPLE Test ( Weather Dynamics) Science 1206 SAMPLE Test ( Weather Dynamics) Name:. Part A: Multiple Choice (60%) Shade the letter of the best answer on the Scantron sheet provided. 1. Which term refers to the current atmospheric conditions?

More information

CHAPTER 9 ATMOSPHERE S PLANETARY CIRCULATION MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS

CHAPTER 9 ATMOSPHERE S PLANETARY CIRCULATION MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS CHAPTER 9 ATMOSPHERE S PLANETARY CIRCULATION MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS 1. Viewed from above in the Northern Hemisphere, surface winds about a subtropical high blow a. clockwise and inward. b. counterclockwise.

More information

Water in the Atmosphere The Role of Water in Earth s Surface Processes. Hurricane Warning

Water in the Atmosphere The Role of Water in Earth s Surface Processes. Hurricane Warning Hurricane Warning 1 Earth, the lue Planet. What makes Earth blue? It has to do with all of the water on Earth. There is water in more places than the vast oceans. Water is also in the atmosphere. High

More information

Unit 5. Seasons and Atmosphere

Unit 5. Seasons and Atmosphere Unit 5 Seasons and Atmosphere Standard 1: Revolution Motion of a body along a path around some point in space. Earth s orbit is elliptical Earth s distance from the sun varies Perihelion Earth is closest

More information

Atmospheric Layers. Earth s atmosphere is divided into several different atmospheric layers extending from Earth s surface outward.

Atmospheric Layers. Earth s atmosphere is divided into several different atmospheric layers extending from Earth s surface outward. 6-4.1 Compare the composition and structure of Earth s atmospheric layers (including the gases and differences in temperature and pressure within the layers). Taxonomy level: 2.6-B Understand Conceptual

More information

COMPOSITION OF THE ATMOSPHERE

COMPOSITION OF THE ATMOSPHERE Skills Worksheet Directed Reading Section: Characteristics of the Atmosphere 1. Define atmosphere. 2. Describe two important functions served by Earth s atmosphere. COMPOSITION OF THE ATMOSPHERE 3. The

More information

Climate. Energy & Wind Masses. Ocean Explorer Module 5

Climate. Energy & Wind Masses. Ocean Explorer Module 5 Marine Science Lesson Enhancements based on Grade 11 & 12 curriculum in Physics, Chemistry & Biology Climate Energy & Wind Masses Ocean Explorer Module 5 Copyright 2017 Climate part 1 Page! 1 of! 14 Overview

More information

Table of Contents. Chapter: Atmosphere. Section 1: Earth's Atmosphere. Section 2: Energy Transfer in the Atmosphere. Section 3: Air Movement

Table of Contents. Chapter: Atmosphere. Section 1: Earth's Atmosphere. Section 2: Energy Transfer in the Atmosphere. Section 3: Air Movement Table of Contents Chapter: Atmosphere Section 1: Earth's Atmosphere Section 2: Energy Transfer in the Atmosphere Section 3: Air Movement 1 Earth s Atmosphere Importance of the Atmosphere Earth's atmosphere

More information

Thermal / Solar. When air is warmed it... Rises. Solar Energy. Evaporation. Condensation Forms Clouds

Thermal / Solar. When air is warmed it... Rises. Solar Energy. Evaporation. Condensation Forms Clouds Thermal / Solar Light from the Sun is transformed into what type of energy when it hits Earth's surface? Rises When air is warmed it... Solar Energy Water moves through the water cycle using what type

More information

Weather and Climate 1. Elements of the weather

Weather and Climate 1. Elements of the weather Weather and Climate 1 affect = to have an effect on, influence, change altitude = the height of a place above the sea axis = the line around which an object rotates certain = special consist of = to be

More information

Topic 1 The Atmosphere and Atmospheric Variables

Topic 1 The Atmosphere and Atmospheric Variables Name Notes: Topic 1 The Atmosphere Regents Earth Science Topic 1 The Atmosphere and Atmospheric Variables What is the atmosphere? Meteorology is the study of A. Structure of the Atmosphere: What two gases

More information

Weather. A. atmosphere is a layer of gases that wrap around the Earth like a blanket.

Weather. A. atmosphere is a layer of gases that wrap around the Earth like a blanket. Weather I. The air around us A. atmosphere is a layer of gases that wrap around the Earth like a blanket. II. Weather Temperature Humidity Air pressure Wind 1. contains the air we breathe, protects us

More information

1 Our Dynamic Climate Guiding Question: What factors determine Earth s climate?

1 Our Dynamic Climate Guiding Question: What factors determine Earth s climate? LESSON 1 Our Dynamic Climate Guiding Question: What factors determine Earth s climate? Describe factors that affect how the sun warms Earth. Discuss the role of wind patterns in determining climate. Explain

More information

How Can You Predict Weather Changes?

How Can You Predict Weather Changes? How Can You Predict Weather Changes? How to Predict Weather Meteorologists make weather predictions daily. They use the same processes that you will. They collect weather data. They plot the data on maps.

More information

CHAPTER 6 Air-Sea Interaction Pearson Education, Inc.

CHAPTER 6 Air-Sea Interaction Pearson Education, Inc. CHAPTER 6 Air-Sea Interaction Chapter Overview The atmosphere and the ocean are one independent system. Earth has seasons because of the tilt on its axis. There are three major wind belts in each hemisphere.

More information

IV. Atmospheric Science Section

IV. Atmospheric Science Section EAPS 100 Planet Earth Lecture Topics Brief Outlines IV. Atmospheric Science Section 1. Introduction, Composition and Structure of the Atmosphere Learning objectives: Understand the basic characteristics

More information

Weather What is weather? Weather. is the study of our atmosphere. Atmosphere literally means vapor (atmos) of a sphere.

Weather What is weather? Weather. is the study of our atmosphere. Atmosphere literally means vapor (atmos) of a sphere. Weather What is weather? Weather is the study of our atmosphere. Atmosphere literally means vapor (atmos) of a sphere. Our atmosphere is made up of 4 basic layers: The outermost layer is the thermosphere

More information

1 What Is Climate? TAKE A LOOK 2. Explain Why do areas near the equator tend to have high temperatures?

1 What Is Climate? TAKE A LOOK 2. Explain Why do areas near the equator tend to have high temperatures? CHAPTER 17 1 What Is Climate? SECTION Climate BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What is climate? What factors affect climate? How do climates differ

More information

The Atmosphere. All weather occurs here 99% of water vapor found here ~75 % of total mass of the atmosphere

The Atmosphere. All weather occurs here 99% of water vapor found here ~75 % of total mass of the atmosphere The Atmosphere Structure/Layers Contains 4 major layers See E.S.R.T pg 14 o Troposphere All weather occurs here 99% of water vapor found here ~75 % of total mass of the atmosphere o Stratosphere Contains

More information

Please be ready for today by:

Please be ready for today by: Please be ready for today by: 1. HW out for a stamp 2. Paper and pencil/pen for notes 3. Be ready to discuss what you know about El Nino after you view the video clip What is El Nino? El Nino Basics El

More information

Clouds and Rain Unit (3 pts)

Clouds and Rain Unit (3 pts) Name: Section: Clouds and Rain Unit (Topic 8A-2) page 1 Clouds and Rain Unit (3 pts) As air rises, it cools due to the reduction in atmospheric pressure Air mainly consists of oxygen molecules and nitrogen

More information

Ch. 3: Weather Patterns

Ch. 3: Weather Patterns Ch. 3: Weather Patterns Sect. 1: Air Mass & Fronts Sect. 2: Storms Sect. 3: Predicting the Weather Sect. 4: Weather forecasters use advanced technologies Ch. 3 Weather Fronts and Storms Objective(s) 7.E.1.3

More information

General Atmospheric Circulation

General Atmospheric Circulation General Atmospheric Circulation Take away Concepts and Ideas Global circulation: The mean meridional (N-S) circulation Trade winds and westerlies The Jet Stream Earth s climate zones Monsoonal climate

More information

In the space provided, write the letter of the description that best matches the term or phrase. as waves. thermosphere

In the space provided, write the letter of the description that best matches the term or phrase. as waves. thermosphere Skills Worksheet Concept Review In the space provided, write the letter of the description that best matches the term or phrase. 1. layers of the atmosphere 2. radiation 3. conduction 4. convection 5.

More information

Natural Causes of Climate. 3B Day 2

Natural Causes of Climate. 3B Day 2 Natural Causes of Climate 3B Day 2 Critical Content 3B: Investigate how daily weather over time determines climate patterns in a given region 2C: Recall the difference between weather and climate Describe

More information

Clouds, Precipitation

Clouds, Precipitation ES 106 Clouds, Precipitation I. Condensation and cloud formation A. Condensation nuclei necessary for clouds to form 1. dust, pollen, salt, smoke 2. at sub-freezing temperature, form by deposition of water

More information

ATMOSPHERE PACKET CHAPTER 22 PAGES Section 1 page 546

ATMOSPHERE PACKET CHAPTER 22 PAGES Section 1 page 546 Name: Period: ATMOSPHERE PACKET CHAPTER 22 PAGES 546-564 Section 1 page 546 1. Identify five main components of the atmosphere 2. Explain the cause of atmospheric pressure. 3. Why is atmospheric pressure

More information

WEATHER. Review Note Cards

WEATHER. Review Note Cards WEATHER Review Note Cards Thermometer Weather instrument that measures air temperature Units include F, C, and K ESRT 13 Sling Psychrometer Weather instrument that measures relative humidity and dewpoint

More information

World Geography Chapter 3

World Geography Chapter 3 World Geography Chapter 3 Section 1 A. Introduction a. Weather b. Climate c. Both weather and climate are influenced by i. direct sunlight. ii. iii. iv. the features of the earth s surface. B. The Greenhouse

More information

March 11, A CCP Weather and Climate.notebook. Weather & Climate BEFORE YOU TEACH LESSON

March 11, A CCP Weather and Climate.notebook. Weather & Climate BEFORE YOU TEACH LESSON BEFORE YOU TEACH LESSON 1 Before You Teach Before You Read Reading Passage After You Read SMART Response Printable Reading Passage 2 Before You Read Reading Passage As a class, brainstorm the meanings

More information

The Planetary Circulation System

The Planetary Circulation System 12 The Planetary Circulation System Learning Goals After studying this chapter, students should be able to: 1. describe and account for the global patterns of pressure, wind patterns and ocean currents

More information

Anticipation Guide #2

Anticipation Guide #2 Weather Systems Anticipation Guide #2 Density differences in the atmosphere are responsible for redistributing earth s heat When air is heated it rises, cools and expands releasing energy mt air masses

More information

Chapter 12 Section 12.1 The causes of weather

Chapter 12 Section 12.1 The causes of weather Chapter 12 Section 12.1 The causes of weather Main Idea: Air masses have different temperatures and amounts of moisture because of the uneven heating of earth's surface. What is Meteorology The study of

More information

6.2 Meteorology. A meteorologist is a person who uses scientific principles to explain, understand, observe, or forecast Earth s weather.

6.2 Meteorology. A meteorologist is a person who uses scientific principles to explain, understand, observe, or forecast Earth s weather. Water and Weather 6.2 Meteorology A meteorologist is a person who uses scientific principles to explain, understand, observe, or forecast Earth s weather. 6.2 Water in the Atmosphere Dew point is the temperature

More information

Final Weather Unit Study Guide

Final Weather Unit Study Guide Name: Atmospheric Composition and Layers Altitude Atmosphere Composition Troposphere Air Pressure Stratosphere Mesosphere Thermosphere Exosphere Ionosphere Sample Questions: Final Weather Unit Study Guide

More information

Weather: Air Patterns

Weather: Air Patterns Weather: Air Patterns Weather: Air Patterns Weather results from global patterns in the atmosphere interacting with local conditions. You have probably experienced seasonal shifts, such as winter in New

More information

F = ma. ATS 150 Global Climate Change Winds and Weather. Scott Denning CSU CMMAP 1. Please read Chapter 6 from Archer Textbook

F = ma. ATS 150 Global Climate Change Winds and Weather. Scott Denning CSU CMMAP 1. Please read Chapter 6 from Archer Textbook Winds and Weather Please read Chapter 6 from Archer Textbook Circulation of the atmosphere and oceans are driven by energy imbalances Energy Imbalances What Makes the Wind Blow? Three real forces (gravity,

More information

Overview Atmosphere. Meeting Individual Needs. Directed Reading for Content Mastery

Overview Atmosphere. Meeting Individual Needs. Directed Reading for Content Mastery Directed Reading for Content Mastery Overview Atmosphere Directions: Complete the concept map using the terms in the list below. weather exosphere coldest air temperature ionosphere stratosphere 1. which

More information

The Causes of Weather

The Causes of Weather Meteorology The Causes of Weather Where does the weather in our country come from? * Which air masses determine the weather in our country? * Weather or Climate? *The current state of the atmosphere *

More information

Answer each section in a separate booklet.

Answer each section in a separate booklet. DURATION: 3 HOURS TOTAL MARKS: 150 Internal Examiners: Dr S Pillay & Mr J Lutchmiah External Examiner: Dr J Odindi NOTE: This paper consists of 8 pages and an MCQ answer sheet. Please ensure that you have

More information

Chapter 9 External Energy Fuels Weather and Climate

Chapter 9 External Energy Fuels Weather and Climate Natural Disasters Tenth Edition Chapter 9 External Energy Fuels Weather and Climate Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 9-1 Weather Versus Climate

More information

NC Earth Science Essential Standards

NC Earth Science Essential Standards Chapter 12 Meteorology NC ESES Unit 6: The Atmosphere and Weather NC Earth Science Essential Standards EEn. 2.5 - Understand the structure of and processes within our atmosphere. EEn. 2.5.1 - Summarize

More information

4 Forecasting Weather

4 Forecasting Weather CHAPTER 2 4 Forecasting Weather SECTION Understanding Weather BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What instruments are used to forecast weather? How

More information

Page 1. Name:

Page 1. Name: Name: 1) As the difference between the dewpoint temperature and the air temperature decreases, the probability of precipitation increases remains the same decreases 2) Which statement best explains why

More information

Atmospheric Circulation

Atmospheric Circulation Atmospheric Circulation Introductory Oceanography Instructor: Ray Rector Atmospheric Circulation Key Topics Composition and Structure Solar Heating and Convection The Coriolis Effect Global Wind Patterns

More information

Ocean s Influence on Weather and Climate

Ocean s Influence on Weather and Climate Earth is often called the Blue Planet because so much of its surface (about 71%) is covered by water. Of all the water on Earth, about 96.5%, is held in the world s oceans. As you can imagine, these oceans

More information

ATMO 436a. The General Circulation. Redacted version from my NATS lectures because Wallace and Hobbs virtually ignores it

ATMO 436a. The General Circulation. Redacted version from my NATS lectures because Wallace and Hobbs virtually ignores it ATMO 436a The General Circulation Redacted version from my NATS lectures because Wallace and Hobbs virtually ignores it Scales of Atmospheric Motion vs. Lifespan The general circulation Atmospheric oscillations

More information

Atmospheric circulation

Atmospheric circulation Atmospheric circulation Trade winds http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2002/10apr_hawaii/ Atmosphere (noun) the envelope of gases (air) surrounding the earth or another planet Dry air:

More information

MAR 110 LECTURE #9 Earth s Heat Budget / Atmosphere Dynamics

MAR 110 LECTURE #9 Earth s Heat Budget / Atmosphere Dynamics MAR 110: Lecture 9 Outline Heat Budget / Atmosphere Dynamics 1 MAR 110 LECTURE #9 Earth s Heat Budget / Atmosphere Dynamics External Energy Source-the Sun The portion of the sun s energy that is intercepted

More information

Climate Changes due to Natural Processes

Climate Changes due to Natural Processes Climate Changes due to Natural Processes 2.6.2a Summarize natural processes that can and have affected global climate (particularly El Niño/La Niña, volcanic eruptions, sunspots, shifts in Earth's orbit,

More information

Climate and the Atmosphere

Climate and the Atmosphere Climate and Biomes Climate Objectives: Understand how weather is affected by: 1. Variations in the amount of incoming solar radiation 2. The earth s annual path around the sun 3. The earth s daily rotation

More information

Divergence, Spin, and Tilt. Convergence and Divergence. Midlatitude Cyclones. Large-Scale Setting

Divergence, Spin, and Tilt. Convergence and Divergence. Midlatitude Cyclones. Large-Scale Setting Midlatitude Cyclones Equator-to-pole temperature gradient tilts pressure surfaces and produces westerly jets in midlatitudes Waves in the jet induce divergence and convergence aloft, leading to surface

More information

3 Severe Weather. Critical Thinking

3 Severe Weather. Critical Thinking CHAPTER 2 3 Severe Weather SECTION Understanding Weather BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What are some types of severe weather? How can you stay

More information