The Climate of Bryan County

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1 The Climate of Bryan County Bryan County is part of the Crosstimbers throughout most of the county. The extreme eastern portions of Bryan County are part of the Cypress Swamp and Forest. Average annual precipitation ranges from about 42 inches in southern Bryan County to 48 inches in the north. April and October are the wettest months, on average, but much of the spring through fall receives sufficient rainfall. Nearly every winter has at least one inch of snow, with one year in ten having ten or more inches. s average near 62 degrees, with a slight increase from north to south. s range from an average daytime high of 94 degrees in July and August to an average low of 27 degrees in January. Bryan County averages a growing season of 219 days, but plants that can withstand short periods of colder temperatures may have an additional three to six weeks. Winds from the south to southeast are quite dominant, averaging just over seven miles-per-hour. Relative humidity, on average, ranges from 42% to 94% during the day. During the year, humidity is highest in June and lowest in August. Winter months tend to be cloudier than summer months. The percentage of possible sunshine ranges from an average of about 50% in winter to nearly 75% in summer. Thunderstorms occur on about 42 days each year, predominantly in the spring and summer. During the period , Bryan County recorded 29 tornadoes. The most recent significant tornado (F2 intensity or greater) occurred on May 11, 1992 passing near the town of Albany. Bryan County has recorded only 3 F4 tornadoes and no F5 tornadoes since Typically, there are about 3 events each year of hail exceeding one inch in diameter. As information collection improves, both the number of reported tornadoes and the number of severe hail events have increased. (deg F) Average Annual (Durant USDA) Year Precipitation (inches) Annual Precipitation (Durant USDA) Year

2 (deg Fahrenheit) AVERAGES ( ) EXTREMES ( ) AVG # DAYS PER MONTH ( ) Daily Max Daily Min Daily Avg Record High Record Low Max>100 Max>90 Max<32 Min<32 Min<0 Jan (31st, 1911) -11 (12th, 1918) 3 22 * Feb (24th, 1918) -4 (2nd, 1951) * 2 14 * Mar (19th, 1907) 7 (3rd, 1943) * * 7 Apr (16th, 1925) 25 (5th, 1920) 1 1 May (28th, 1927) 33 (1st, 1903) 3 Jun (28th, 1980) 45 (6th, 1922) 1 15 Jul (11th, 1954) 42 (9th, 1905) 4 25 Aug (10th, 1936) 50 (28th, 1906) 5 24 Sep (2nd, 1951) 34 (27th, 1942) 1 12 Oct (1st, 1938) 16 (30th, 1917) 2 1 Nov (17th, 1952) 9 (11th, 1950) * 8 Dec (24th, 1955) -7 (23rd, 1989) 2 17 * Annual (Aug 10, 1936) -11 (Jan 12, 1918) * Precipitation (inches) AVERAGE EXTREMES ( ) AVG # DAYS PER MONTH ( ) Monthly Max Daily Max any meas 0.10"+ 0.25"+ 0.50"+ 1.00"+ Jan 2.06" 10.36" (1932) 3.82" (27th, 1916) * Feb 2.69" 7.89" (1945) 3.15" (17th, 1938) Mar 3.89" 9.83" (1990) 3.20" (1st, 1934) Apr 4.15" 14.30" (1957) 5.15" (28th, 1917) May 6.19" 12.57" (1982) 7.50" (10th, 1993) Jun 5.23" 12.89" (1945) 6.20" (17th, 1945) Jul 2.92" 10.89" (1903) 5.35" (3rd, 1903) Aug 2.97" 12.52" (1914) 7.40" (17th, 1926) Sep 4.68" 11.45" (1973) 5.80" (6th, 1973) Oct 4.90" 17.79" (1981) 5.35" (31st, 1974) Nov 3.63" 11.60" (1946) 4.14" (19th, 1934) Dec 3.10" 9.05" (1927) 5.83" (13th, 1927) Annual 46.42" 17.79" (Oct 1981) 7.50" (May 10, 1993) Snow and Sleet (inches) AVERAGE EXTREMES ( ) AVG # DAYS PER MONTH ( ) Monthly Max Daily Max Greatest Depth any meas 0.50"+ 1.00"+ Pot. Glazing Jan 1.0" 14.3" (1942) 9.0" (22nd, 1940) 8.0" (21st, 1918) 1 * * * 1 Feb 1.5" 18.6" (1978) 12.0" (7th, 1979) 4.0" (19th, 1905) 1 * * * 1 Mar 0.2" 8.0" (1947) 8.0" (15th, 1947) 5.0" (1st, 1942) * * * * * Apr 0.0" (1941) 0.0" (28th, 1941) 0.1" (16th, 1998) May 0.0" (1905) 0.0" (11th, 1905) Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov 0.1" 1.5" (1972) 1.0" (21st, 1972) 1.0" (21st, 1972) * * * * * Dec 0.4" 6.5" (1983) 5.5" (16th, 1983) 4.0" (18th, 1909) * * * * 1 Annual 3.1" 18.6" (Feb 1978) 12.0" (Feb 7, 1979) 8.0" (Jan 21, 1918)

3 TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION From Durant Cooperative Observer Station (342678); August 1901 December 2003 Latitude: 3401N Longitude: 09623W Elevation: 679 ft Exceedence values (2 in 10 years) Month: Maximum Higher Than: Minimum Lower Than: Precipitation Less Than: Precipitation More Than: January February March April May June July August September October November December Annual First Freezing in Fall Probability 24 F or Lower 28 F or Lower 32 F or Lower 1 Year in 10 November 10 October 31 October 20 Earlier Than 2 Years in 10 November 13 November 4 October 24 Earlier Than 5 Years in 10 Earlier Than November 28 November 15 November 4 Last Freezing in Spring Probability 24 F or Lower 28 F or Lower 32 F or Lower 1 Year in 10 March 22 April 9 April 15 Later Than 2 Years in 10 March 14 March 28 April 11 Later Than 5 Years in 10 Later Than March 2 March 16 March 30 Number of Days in Growing Season Probability Higher than 24 F Higher than 28 F Higher than 32 F 9 Years in Years in Years in Years in Year in

4 WINDS From Blackwell Mesonet Site (DURA); Jan 1994 Dec 2001 Latitude: 3392N Longitude: 09632W Elevation: 656 ft Wind Roses show the prevailing direction from which the wind is blowing. North is up in the image. The circles show the percentage of time from which the wind is blowing in that direction. For example, Blackwell records a south-southeasterly wind about 11 percent of the time, with northerly winds nearly 9 percent of the time. The table below shows the percentage of time the wind is blowing from each of the 16-point compass headings, and the percent of time the prevailing wind is recorded in each speed bin. Maximum Gust: 59.3 mph Maximum Sustained: 39.6 mph Overall Average Speed: 7.8 mph DURA N NNE NE ENE E ESE SE SSE S SSW SW WSW W WNW NW NNW Totals Calm 0.7% 1-5 mph % 6-10 mph % mph % mph % mph % mph % mph % 35+ mph % Totals % DURA N NNE NE ENE E ESE SE SSE S SSW SW WSW W WNW NW NNW Max Gust Max 5 Min Avg Speed Due to rounding, column and row totals may not sum to exactly 100.0%.

5 HUMIDITY From Blackwell Mesonet Site (DURA); Jan 1994 Dec 2003 Latitude: 3392N Longitude: 09632W Elevation: 656 ft Mean Monthly Humidity and Moisture Daily Maximum Relative Humidity Daily Minimum Relative Humidity Daily Average Relative Humidity Daily Average Dewpoint ( o F) Daily Average Vapor Deficit January February March April May June July August September October November December Annual Vapor pressure is given in millibars. SOIL TEMPERATURES From Blackwell Mesonet Site (DURA); Jan 1994 Dec 2003 Latitude: 3392N Longitude: 09632W Elevation: 656 ft Soil s at 10 cm (4-inch) depth Average beneath sod Average beneath bare soil Average Daily Max Average Daily Min January February March April May June July August September October November December Annual Average daily maximum and minimum temperatures based on bare soil.

6 TORNADOES Significant Tornadoes (F2 intensity or greater) affecting Bryan County, Source: Significant Tornadoes, : Volume I and National Weather Service, Norman office. Date Path Deaths Injuries Rating Counties Affected December 17, miles 6 50 F3 Johnston, Bryan April 10, 1892 unknown 0 8 F2 Bryan April 28, miles 0 4 F3 Grayson (TX), Marshall, Bryan April 12, 1896 unknown 0 unknown F2 Bryan May 15, miles 0 35 F2 Grayson (TX), Bryan May 15, 1896 unknown 4 unknown F2 Bryan March 27, miles 0 1 F2 Grayson (TX), Bryan May 20, miles 9 52 F4 Grayson (TX), Bryan April 9, miles 8 50 F4 Grayson, Fannin (TX), Bryan April 9, 1919 unknown 1 3 F2 Bryan April 9, miles 9 35 F3 Bryan April 9, 1919 unknown 0 5 F2 Bryan April 8, 1922 unknown 0 0 F2 Bryan April 13, miles 0 3 F2 Bryan April 20, miles 0 1 F2 Bryan May 5, 1930 unknown 0 0 F2 Bryan May 9, 1930 unknown 0 0 F2 Bryan October 15, mile 0 0 F2 Bryan March 28, mile 0 0 F2 Bryan April 8, miles 0 2 F2 Bryan March 16, miles 1 6 F3 Bryan April 30, miles 1 7 F3 Bryan, Choctaw May 9, miles 0 0 F2 Marshall, Bryan, Johnston April 2, miles 3 3 F4 Bryan October 4, miles 0 2 F2 Fannin (TX),.Bryan April 2, miles 0 1 F2 Marshall, Bryan March 12, miles 0 4 F3 Marshall, Bryan April 2, miles 0 0 F2 Bryan May 23, miles 0 0 F3 Bryan April 2, miles 0 1 F2 Bryan April 2, miles 0 0 F2 Bryan March 21, miles 0 0 F2 Bryan May 11, mile 0 0 F2 Bryan

7 About the Data: The temperature and precipitation data from Durant USDA are from the National Weather Service Cooperative Observer station, which records daily maximum and minimum temperatures, precipitation, and snowfall. The station has been in operation since 1901, yielding a 103-year series of data. Extremes, frost and freeze data, and growing season lengths were determined using the entire 103-year series. The means for temperature, precipitation, and snowfall were determined using a subset of the series, from , corresponding with official national standards set by the National Climatic Data Center. Wind and humidity data are compiled from the Oklahoma Mesonet station at Durant (6 miles south-southeast of town), which has been operational since The Durant Mesonet site was chosen because it is the only Mesonet site in Bryan County. The Oklahoma Mesonet is a cooperative project between Oklahoma State University and The University of Oklahoma. Data are collected and archived at the Oklahoma Climatological Survey. The Mesonet records a variety of weather information at 5-minute intervals throughout the day, with at least one reporting station in every county in Oklahoma. For more information on the Mesonet, see Solar radiation (sunshine) data were obtained from the Climatic Atlas of the United States, U.S. Department of Commerce, Severe storm information is available from the National Climatic Data Center, under Weather/Climate Events: Climatology & Extreme Events, U.S. Storm Events Database. The best site for online county tornado information for Oklahoma is through the National Weather Service, Norman Office, The tables and summary were prepared by the Oklahoma Climatological Survey. For more information, please contact OCS at Many climate summary products are available on the worldwide web at Need Additional Information? If you cannot find what you need here, or want some help interpreting what this means for your particular needs, please contact: The Oklahoma Climatological Survey 100 E. Boyd Street, Suite 1210 Norman, OK Phone: In addition to maintaining records of all weather and climate information for Oklahoma, OCS has a staff of climatologists who specialize in tailoring information for particular needs. Whether you want to know how dry it has been or are planning a construction project, OCS can help.

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