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1 Skills Worksheet Chapter Review USING KEY TERMS For each pair of terms, explain how the meanings of the terms differ. 1. biome and tropical zone 2. weather and climate 3. temperate zone and polar zone Complete each of the following sentences by choosing the correct term from the word bank. biome microclimate ice age global warming 4. One factor that could add to is an increase in pollution. 5. A city is an example of a(n). UNDERSTANDING KEY IDEAS Multiple Choice 6. Which of the following is a factor that affects climate? a. prevailing winds c. ocean currents b. latitude d. All of the above 7. The biome that has a temperature range of 28ºC to 32ºC and an average yearly precipitation of 100 cm is the a. tropical savanna. c. tropical rain forest. b. tropical desert. d. None of the above 8. Which of the following biomes is NOT found in the temperate zone? a. temperate forest c. chaparral b. taiga d. temperate grassland Holt Science and Technology 41 Climate

2 9. In which of the following is the tilt of the Earth s axis considered to have an effect on climate? a. global warming c. the Milankovitch theory b. the sun s cycle d. asteroid impact 10. Which of the following substances contributes to the greenhouse effect? a. smoke c. carbon dioxide b. smog d. All of the above 11. In which of the following climate zones is the soil most fertile? a. the tropical climate zone c. the polar climate zone b. the temperate climate zone d. None of the above Short Answer 12. Why do higher latitudes receive less solar radiation than lower latitudes do? 13. How does wind influence precipitation patterns? 14. Give an example of a microclimate. What causes the unique temperature and precipitation characteristics of this area? 15. How are tundras and deserts similar? 16. How does deforestation influence global warming? Holt Science and Technology 42 Climate

3 CRITICAL THINKING 17. Concept Mapping Use the following terms to create a concept map: global warming, deforestation, changes in climate, greenhouse effect, ice ages, and the Milankovitch theory. Holt Science and Technology 43 Climate

4 18. Analyzing Processes Explain how ocean surface currents cause milder climates. 19. Analyzing Relationships Describe how the tilt of the Earth s axis affects seasonal changes in different latitudes. 20. Evaluating Conclusions Explain why the climate on the eastern side of the Rocky Mountains differs drastically from the climate on the western side. 21. Applying Concepts What are some steps you and your family can take to reduce the amount of carbon dioxide that is released into the atmosphere? 22. Applying Concepts If you wanted to live in a warm, dry area, which biome would you choose to live in? 23. Evaluating Data Explain why the vegetation in areas that have a tundra climate is sparse even though these areas receive precipitation that is adequate to support life. Holt Science and Technology 44 Climate

5 INTERPRETING GRAPHICS Use the diagram below to answer the questions that follow. 24. At what position 1, 2, 3, or 4 is it spring in the Southern Hemisphere? 25. At what position does the South Pole receive almost 24 hours of daylight? 26. Explain what is happening in each climate zone in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres at position 4. Holt Science and Technology 45 Climate

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