GEOGRAPHY EYA NOTES. Weather. atmosphere. Weather and climate

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "GEOGRAPHY EYA NOTES. Weather. atmosphere. Weather and climate"

Transcription

1 GEOGRAPHY EYA NOTES Weather and climate Weather The condition of the atmosphere at a specific place over a relatively short period of time Climate The atmospheric conditions of a specific place over a considerable period of time (30-35 years) Weather - Temperature How hot or cold a place is - Relative humidity Amount of water vapor in the air High relative humidity body warm perspire Expressed as a percentage - Precipitation Water returning to the Earth s surface (rain, snow, frost, hail) - Wind Air moves as a result of differences in air pressure atmosphere - layer of air which surrounds the earth mixture of gases, water vapor and dust particles - prevents the earth from overheating in the day and losing too much heat in the end (regulates the temperature) - sub-divided into different layers

2 Troposphere Plonk Notes - Geography - Lowest layer of the atmosphere - 12km above sea level EARTH - Greatest concentration of gases, water vapor and dust particles - Changes in conditions of the troposphere results in changes in the weather elements of weather - temperature latitude altitude distance from sea cloud cover - relative humidity - precipitation temperature - degree of hotness and coldness of a place - affected by the amount of sun s rays (solar radiation) that reaches the earth s surface - amount of solar radiation is determined by factors latitude the distance to the north and south of the Equator increases as we move away from the equator to the poles temperature at the poles and equator are different because of the different angles at which the Sun s rays reach the Earth, thus the sun s rays are less intense at the poles than at the equator altitude the height of a point above the level of the sea s surface temperature of the earth s surface at different altitudes vary

3 temperature generally decreases with increasing altitude places near sea level are warmer because the Earth s surface absorbs heat from the Sun directly air at higher altitudes is thin (made up of smaller concentration of as, dust and water vapor than the dense air at sea level), and therefore it is unable to absorb heat as effectively as dense air at sea level because it has a smaller concentration of gases to trap heat distance from the sea land heats up and cools down more quickly than the sea o Maritime effect - Refers to the effect that large ocean bodies have on climate of coastal areas smaller temperature range - Summer: air over land heats up quickly while air over sea remains cool - Winter: air over sea relatively warm compared to air over land sea takes longer time to lose heat - Coastal areas would therefore experience cooler summers and warmer winters o Continental effect - Refers to the effect that continental surfaces have on climate of inland areas far away from the sea larger temperature range annually - Temperatures of inland areas are not affected by the sea - Inland areas would therefore experience warmer summers and colder winters Cloud cover Refers to the amount of clouds over an area

4 Effects the temperature by influencing the amount of solar radiation entering and leaving the atmosphere DAYTIME o No cloud cover: allows large amounts of solar radiation to reach Earth s surface temperature rise quickly o Cloud cover: reflects part of the incoming solar radiation back into outer space less solar radiation is absorbed NIGHTTIME o No cloud cover: allows heat from the Earth to escape into outer space easily sharp drop in temperature of the ground o Cloud cover: prevents heat from escaping into outer space keeps temperature of ground relatively high Relative humidity Humidity: Refers to the amount of water vapor present in the air Places nearer to the equator have higher humidity Relative humidity: refers to the proportion of water vapor present in the air in relation to the maximum amount the air can hold at a particular temperature (commonly expressed as a percentage) Saturation: air is carrying the maximum amount of water vapor it can hold at that temperature (100%) Factors affecting: large water bodies, thick vegetation High relative humidity more likely for rain to occur Precipitation Refers to water falling down from the atmosphere onto the Earth s surface Takes the form of rain, snow, frost or hail Types of rain: convectional rain and relief rain

5 o Convectional rain - Occurs when there is intense heating of the Earth s surface, which usually takes place in the morning and early afternoon - Earth s hot surface heats up, causing air to rise quickly condensation occurs and clouds are formed heavy rain falls, accompanied by thunder and lightning at the same time, warm air continue to rise and condense rain will ease when clouds lose their moisture - High temperatures in tropical areas increase the capacity to hold large amounts of water vapor convectional rain is very common because relative humidity is high - Falls over a small area - Heavy but short-lived o Relief rain - Occurs mainly in places where moist air from the sea is forced to rise above a highland such as a mountain range - Wind blows over water body picks up large amounts of water vapor relative humidity of air increases air rises and temperature falls air becomes saturated and form clouds relief rain drops when clouds can no longer hold water droplets rain falls on windward side of mountain - Leeward side of mountain receives little or no rain because the air that reach this side would have lost most or all of its moisture

6

Weather Notes. Chapter 16, 17, & 18

Weather Notes. Chapter 16, 17, & 18 Weather Notes Chapter 16, 17, & 18 Weather Weather is the condition of the Earth s atmosphere at a particular place and time Weather It is the movement of energy through the atmosphere Energy comes from

More information

UNIT 12: THE HYDROLOGIC CYCLE

UNIT 12: THE HYDROLOGIC CYCLE UNIT 12: THE HYDROLOGIC CYCLE After Unit 12 you should be able to: o Effectively use the charts Average Chemical Composition of Earth s Crust, Hydrosphere and Troposphere, Selected Properties of Earth

More information

Atmosphere, Weather & Climate Review for Unit Assessment (Can be taken on Study Island Due Mon., 11/26/12)

Atmosphere, Weather & Climate Review for Unit Assessment (Can be taken on Study Island Due Mon., 11/26/12) Name Class Period Atmosphere, Weather & Climate Review for Unit Assessment (Can be taken on Study Island Due Mon., 11/26/12) 1. When hot and cold air meet, the hot air rises to the top. Which process causes

More information

Climate versus Weather

Climate versus Weather Climate versus Weather What is climate? Climate is the average weather usually taken over a 30-year time period for a particular region and time period. Climate is not the same as weather, but rather,

More information

Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE

Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE Tarbuck Lutgens Chapter 21 Climate 21.1 Factors That Affect Climate Factors That Affect Climate Latitude As latitude increases, the intensity of solar energy decreases. The

More information

WEATHER. Review Note Cards

WEATHER. Review Note Cards WEATHER Review Note Cards Thermometer Weather instrument that measures air temperature Units include F, C, and K ESRT 13 Sling Psychrometer Weather instrument that measures relative humidity and dewpoint

More information

Chapter 15: Weather and Climate

Chapter 15: Weather and Climate Chapter 15: Weather and Climate Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. The short-term state of the atmosphere is called a. climate. c. water cycle.

More information

Factors That Affect Climate

Factors That Affect Climate Factors That Affect Climate Factors That Affect Climate Latitude As latitude (horizontal lines) increases, the intensity of solar energy decreases. The tropical zone is between the tropic of Cancer and

More information

UNIT TEST PRACTICE TEST

UNIT TEST PRACTICE TEST Page 1 of 1 Directions: Match the best answer to complete each question. Some words may be used more than once and some may not be used at all. e 1. The condition of Earth s atmosphere at a given time

More information

The Atmosphere. All weather occurs here 99% of water vapor found here ~75 % of total mass of the atmosphere

The Atmosphere. All weather occurs here 99% of water vapor found here ~75 % of total mass of the atmosphere The Atmosphere Structure/Layers Contains 4 major layers See E.S.R.T pg 14 o Troposphere All weather occurs here 99% of water vapor found here ~75 % of total mass of the atmosphere o Stratosphere Contains

More information

1 What Is Climate? TAKE A LOOK 2. Explain Why do areas near the equator tend to have high temperatures?

1 What Is Climate? TAKE A LOOK 2. Explain Why do areas near the equator tend to have high temperatures? CHAPTER 17 1 What Is Climate? SECTION Climate BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What is climate? What factors affect climate? How do climates differ

More information

Name Class Date STUDY GUIDE FOR CONTENT MASTERY

Name Class Date STUDY GUIDE FOR CONTENT MASTERY Atmosphere SECTION 11.1 Atmospheric Basics In your textbook, read about the composition of the atmosphere. Circle the letter of the choice that best completes the statement. 1. Most of Earth s atmosphere

More information

Bell Work. REVIEW: Our Planet Earth Page 29 Document A & B Questions

Bell Work. REVIEW: Our Planet Earth Page 29 Document A & B Questions 9.12.16 Bell Work REVIEW: Our Planet Earth Page 29 Document A & B Questions Intro to Climate & Weather https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vhgyoa70q7y Weather vs. Climate Video Climate & Weather 3.1 Weather

More information

WATER IN THE ATMOSPHERE

WATER IN THE ATMOSPHERE CHAPTER Y ou have already learnt that the air contains water vapour. It varies from zero to four per cent by volume of the atmosphere and plays an important role in the weather phenomena. Water is present

More information

Weather Elements (air masses, fronts & storms)

Weather Elements (air masses, fronts & storms) Weather Elements (air masses, fronts & storms) S6E4. Obtain, evaluate and communicate information about how the sun, land, and water affect climate and weather. A. Analyze and interpret data to compare

More information

Unit 4 Review Guide: Weather

Unit 4 Review Guide: Weather Unit 4 Review Guide: Weather Weather: The condition of the atmosphere at a specific time and place. Freezing: To become hardened into ice or into a solid body Deposition: The change in state of matter

More information

according to and water. High atmospheric pressure - Cold dry air is other air so it remains close to the earth, giving weather.

according to and water. High atmospheric pressure - Cold dry air is other air so it remains close to the earth, giving weather. EARTH'S ATMOSPHERE Composition of the atmosphere - Earth's atmosphere consists of nitrogen ( %), oxygen ( %), small amounts of carbon dioxide, methane, argon, krypton, ozone, neon and other gases such

More information

The Atmosphere EVPP 110 Lecture Fall 2003 Dr. Largen

The Atmosphere EVPP 110 Lecture Fall 2003 Dr. Largen 1 Physical Environment: EVPP 110 Lecture Fall 2003 Dr. Largen 2 Physical Environment: Atmosphere Composition Heat transfer Atmospheric moisture Atmospheric circulation Weather and climate 3 Physical Environment:

More information

Grade 9 Geography Chapter 11 - Climate Connections

Grade 9 Geography Chapter 11 - Climate Connections Grade 9 Geography Chapter 11 - Climate Connections 1. Define: Weather. 2. In what way has weather affected your activities in the last two weeks? 3. Define: Climate. 4. Canada s climate is a function of

More information

Copyright 2015 Edmentum All rights reserved.

Copyright 2015 Edmentum All rights reserved. Copyright 2015 Edmentum All rights reserved. weather 1 1. Sharon woke up on a sunny morning and ate breakfast. Then she looked outside and saw tall, quickly forming clouds. The clouds looked ready to rain.

More information

A) usually less B) dark colored and rough D) light colored with a smooth surface A) transparency of the atmosphere D) rough, black surface

A) usually less B) dark colored and rough D) light colored with a smooth surface A) transparency of the atmosphere D) rough, black surface 1. Base your answer to the following question on the diagram below which shows two identical houses, A and B, in a city in North Carolina. One house was built on the east side of a factory, and the other

More information

Factors that Affect Climate

Factors that Affect Climate Factors that Affect Climate What is climate? Climate is the average weather conditions over a long period of time Includes average temperatures and precipitation, wind patterns, humidity, air pressure

More information

Temperature Variation on Earth. Goal: Explain our atmosphere s interaction with the Sun s radiation

Temperature Variation on Earth. Goal: Explain our atmosphere s interaction with the Sun s radiation Temperature Variation on Earth Goal: Explain our atmosphere s interaction with the Sun s radiation Review: What happens to Solar Radiation? 50%- absorbed by land & sea 20%- absorbed by atmosphere and clouds

More information

School Name Team # International Academy East Meteorology Test Graphs, Pictures, and Diagrams Diagram #1

School Name Team # International Academy East Meteorology Test Graphs, Pictures, and Diagrams Diagram #1 School Name Team # International Academy East Meteorology Test Graphs, Pictures, and Diagrams Diagram #1 Use the map above, and the locations marked A-F, to answer the following questions. 1. The center

More information

World geography 3200/3202 Unit 2 review

World geography 3200/3202 Unit 2 review World geography 3200/3202 Unit 2 review 1. Does this statement use the terms revolve & rotate correctly? "Saturn revolves on its axis while several moons rotate around it." 2. Does this statement use the

More information

Surface Processes and the Hydrosphere Unit Heating the Earth s Atmosphere Chapter 11 (pg )

Surface Processes and the Hydrosphere Unit Heating the Earth s Atmosphere Chapter 11 (pg ) Name: Block: Surface Processes and the Hydrosphere Unit Heating the Earth s Atmosphere Chapter 11 (pg. 352 385) 11.1: Focus on the Atmosphere: Weather and Climate What is the difference between the weather

More information

,Solar Energy, Greenhouse effect, Convection.notebook October 31, 2016

,Solar Energy, Greenhouse effect, Convection.notebook October 31, 2016 Essential Question: How is weather created? What is Solar Energy? The driving source of energy for Earth. 1. Heats Earth's land, water, and air. 2. Causes movement in the atmosphere. Key Topics: The sun

More information

Page 1. Name:

Page 1. Name: Name: 1) As the difference between the dewpoint temperature and the air temperature decreases, the probability of precipitation increases remains the same decreases 2) Which statement best explains why

More information

1 Our Dynamic Climate Guiding Question: What factors determine Earth s climate?

1 Our Dynamic Climate Guiding Question: What factors determine Earth s climate? LESSON 1 Our Dynamic Climate Guiding Question: What factors determine Earth s climate? Describe factors that affect how the sun warms Earth. Discuss the role of wind patterns in determining climate. Explain

More information

Clouds and Rain Unit (3 pts)

Clouds and Rain Unit (3 pts) Name: Section: Clouds and Rain Unit (Topic 8A-2) page 1 Clouds and Rain Unit (3 pts) As air rises, it cools due to the reduction in atmospheric pressure Air mainly consists of oxygen molecules and nitrogen

More information

Chapter 5: Weather. Only Section 1: What is Weather?

Chapter 5: Weather. Only Section 1: What is Weather? Chapter 5: Weather Only Section 1: What is Weather? Find the definitions of: Meteorology, meteorologist, weather, climate Not in book? Use the dictionaries **Meteorology - Meteorology is the study of the

More information

Climates are described by the same conditions used to describe

Climates are described by the same conditions used to describe 58 The Causes of Climate R EA D I N G Climates are described by the same conditions used to describe weather, such as temperature, precipitation, and wind. You now know that oceans have an important effect

More information

Week: Dates: 3/2 3/20 Unit: Climate

Week: Dates: 3/2 3/20 Unit: Climate clementaged.weebly.com Name: EVEN Period: Week: 28 30 Dates: 3/2 3/20 Unit: Climate Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday 2 O 3 E *Vocabulary *Water in the Atmosphere and Clouds Notes *Cloud Drawings

More information

2. Would you expect convection in a lake? Why or why not?

2. Would you expect convection in a lake? Why or why not? NAME: PERIOD: DATE: ENTRY NUMBER: REVIEW FOR WEATHER AND CLIMATE TEST 1. Describe 3 types of heat transfer. Give an example of each. 2. Would you expect convection in a lake? Why or why not? 3. What part

More information

Table of Contents. Chapter: Atmosphere. Section 1: Earth's Atmosphere. Section 2: Energy Transfer in the Atmosphere. Section 3: Air Movement

Table of Contents. Chapter: Atmosphere. Section 1: Earth's Atmosphere. Section 2: Energy Transfer in the Atmosphere. Section 3: Air Movement Table of Contents Chapter: Atmosphere Section 1: Earth's Atmosphere Section 2: Energy Transfer in the Atmosphere Section 3: Air Movement 1 Earth s Atmosphere Importance of the Atmosphere Earth's atmosphere

More information

WEATHER AND CLIMATE BY JIND KAUR ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY POST GRADUATE GOVT. COLLEGE FOR GIRLS-SECTOR-11-CHD.

WEATHER AND CLIMATE BY JIND KAUR ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY POST GRADUATE GOVT. COLLEGE FOR GIRLS-SECTOR-11-CHD. WEATHER AND CLIMATE BY JIND KAUR ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY POST GRADUATE GOVT. COLLEGE FOR GIRLS-SECTOR-11-CHD. WEATHER AND CLIMATE The difference between climate and weather is usefully

More information

Storm and Storm Systems Related Vocabulary and Definitions. Magnitudes are measured differently for different hazard types:

Storm and Storm Systems Related Vocabulary and Definitions. Magnitudes are measured differently for different hazard types: Storm and Storm Systems Related Vocabulary and Definitions Magnitude: this is an indication of the scale of an event, often synonymous with intensity or size. In natural systems, magnitude is also related

More information

Chapter 10 Planetary Atmospheres: Earth and the Other Terrestrial Worlds. What is an atmosphere? Earth s Atmosphere. Atmospheric Pressure

Chapter 10 Planetary Atmospheres: Earth and the Other Terrestrial Worlds. What is an atmosphere? Earth s Atmosphere. Atmospheric Pressure Chapter 10 Planetary Atmospheres: Earth and the Other Terrestrial Worlds 10.1 Atmospheric Basics Our goals for learning What is an atmosphere? How does the greenhouse effect warm a planet? Why do atmospheric

More information

Chapter 10 Planetary Atmospheres: Earth and the Other Terrestrial Worlds

Chapter 10 Planetary Atmospheres: Earth and the Other Terrestrial Worlds Chapter 10 Planetary Atmospheres: Earth and the Other Terrestrial Worlds 10.1 Atmospheric Basics Our goals for learning What is an atmosphere? How does the greenhouse effect warm a planet? Why do atmospheric

More information

March 11, A CCP Weather and Climate.notebook. Weather & Climate BEFORE YOU TEACH LESSON

March 11, A CCP Weather and Climate.notebook. Weather & Climate BEFORE YOU TEACH LESSON BEFORE YOU TEACH LESSON 1 Before You Teach Before You Read Reading Passage After You Read SMART Response Printable Reading Passage 2 Before You Read Reading Passage As a class, brainstorm the meanings

More information

2. Identify each of the following statements as a reference to weather or climate.

2. Identify each of the following statements as a reference to weather or climate. World Geography 3200/3202 Unit 2 Questions Name: Read Pages 54-55 1. Explain the difference between Weather and Climate. 2. Identify each of the following statements as a reference to weather or climate.

More information

Name Class Date. 2. What is the average weather condition in an area over a long period of time called? a. winter b. temperature c. climate d.

Name Class Date. 2. What is the average weather condition in an area over a long period of time called? a. winter b. temperature c. climate d. Skills Worksheet Directed Reading B Section: What Is Climate? CLIMATE VS. WEATHER 1. What kind of conditions vary from day to day? a. climate b. weather c. latitude d. biome 2. What is the average weather

More information

3 Weather and Climate

3 Weather and Climate CHAPTER 22 3 Weather and Climate SECTION The Atmosphere KEY IDEAS As you read this section, keep these questions in mind: What are fronts? What are some types of severe weather? How is climate different

More information

Weather. Describing Weather

Weather. Describing Weather CHAPTER 13 Weather LESSON 1 Describing Weather What do you think? Read the two statements below and decide whether you agree or disagree with them. Place an A in the Before column if you agree with the

More information

1. Base your answer to the following question on the weather map below, which shows a weather system that is affecting part of the United States.

1. Base your answer to the following question on the weather map below, which shows a weather system that is affecting part of the United States. 1. Base your answer to the following question on the weather map below, which shows a weather system that is affecting part of the United States. Which sequence of events forms the clouds associated with

More information

4 Forecasting Weather

4 Forecasting Weather CHAPTER 16 4 Forecasting Weather SECTION Understanding Weather BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What instruments are used to forecast weather?

More information

ATMOSPHERIC ENERGY and GLOBAL TEMPERATURES. Physical Geography (Geog. 300) Prof. Hugh Howard American River College

ATMOSPHERIC ENERGY and GLOBAL TEMPERATURES. Physical Geography (Geog. 300) Prof. Hugh Howard American River College ATMOSPHERIC ENERGY and GLOBAL TEMPERATURES Physical Geography (Geog. 300) Prof. Hugh Howard American River College RADIATION FROM the SUN SOLAR RADIATION Primarily shortwave (UV-SIR) Insolation Incoming

More information

Water in the Atmosphere The Role of Water in Earth s Surface Processes. Hurricane Warning

Water in the Atmosphere The Role of Water in Earth s Surface Processes. Hurricane Warning Hurricane Warning 1 Earth, the lue Planet. What makes Earth blue? It has to do with all of the water on Earth. There is water in more places than the vast oceans. Water is also in the atmosphere. High

More information

Factors that Affect Climate

Factors that Affect Climate Factors that Affect Climate What is climate? Climate is the average weather conditions over a long period of time Includes average temperatures and precipitation, wind patterns, humidity, air pressure

More information

Weather: Air Patterns

Weather: Air Patterns Weather: Air Patterns Weather: Air Patterns Weather results from global patterns in the atmosphere interacting with local conditions. You have probably experienced seasonal shifts, such as winter in New

More information

Warming Earth and its Atmosphere The Diurnal and Seasonal Cycles

Warming Earth and its Atmosphere The Diurnal and Seasonal Cycles Warming Earth and its Atmosphere The Diurnal and Seasonal Cycles Or, what happens to the energy received from the sun? First We Need to Understand The Ways in Which Heat Can be Transferred in the Atmosphere

More information

Weather - is the state of the atmosphere at a specific time & place

Weather - is the state of the atmosphere at a specific time & place Weather Section 1 Weather - is the state of the atmosphere at a specific time & place Includes such conditions as air pressure, wind, temperature, and moisture in the air The Sun s heat evaporates water

More information

Tropical Moist Rainforest

Tropical Moist Rainforest Tropical or Lowlatitude Climates: Controlled by equatorial tropical air masses Tropical Moist Rainforest Rainfall is heavy in all months - more than 250 cm. (100 in.). Common temperatures of 27 C (80 F)

More information

Final Review Meteorology

Final Review Meteorology Final Review Meteorology Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which of the following is an example of climate? a. A sudden snowstorm resulted

More information

Lecture 5: Precipitation

Lecture 5: Precipitation Lecture 5: Precipitation Key Questions 1. What physical concepts control the formation of precipitation (air pressure, expanding gases and cooling, and vapor pressure)? 2. What are some air mass lifting

More information

Insolation and Temperature variation. The Sun & Insolation. The Sun (cont.) The Sun

Insolation and Temperature variation. The Sun & Insolation. The Sun (cont.) The Sun Insolation and Temperature variation Atmosphere: blanket of air surrounding earth Without our atmosphere: cold, quiet, cratered place Dynamic: currents and circulation cells June 23, 2008 Atmosphere important

More information

Weather, Atmosphere and Meteorology

Weather, Atmosphere and Meteorology S c i e n c e s Weather, Atmosphere and Meteorology Key words: Atmosphere, Ozone, Water vapor, solar radiation, Condensation, Evaporation, Humidity, Dew-Point Temperature, Cirrus Clouds, Stratus Clouds,

More information

The Atmosphere. Importance of our. 4 Layers of the Atmosphere. Introduction to atmosphere, weather, and climate. What makes up the atmosphere?

The Atmosphere. Importance of our. 4 Layers of the Atmosphere. Introduction to atmosphere, weather, and climate. What makes up the atmosphere? The Atmosphere Introduction to atmosphere, weather, and climate Where is the atmosphere? Everywhere! Completely surrounds Earth February 20, 2010 What makes up the atmosphere? Argon Inert gas 1% Variable

More information

Pd: Date: Page # Weather Patterns -- Lesson 2 Study Guide

Pd: Date: Page # Weather Patterns -- Lesson 2 Study Guide Name: Pd: Date: Page # Weather Patterns -- Lesson 2 Study Guide Rating Before Learning Goals Rating After 1 2 3 4 What are two types of pressure systems? 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 What drives weather patterns? 1

More information

What is the atmosphere? What is the difference between weather and climate? What elements influence climate? Could you explain what the wind is?

What is the atmosphere? What is the difference between weather and climate? What elements influence climate? Could you explain what the wind is? WEATHER AND CLIMATE What is the atmosphere? What is the difference between weather and climate? What elements influence climate? Could you explain what the wind is? What are the Earth s main climate? What

More information

Name: Period: Air Masses Notes 7 Minutes Page 2 Watch the air masses video. Make sure you follow along.

Name: Period: Air Masses Notes 7 Minutes Page 2 Watch the air masses video. Make sure you follow along. Air Masses and Fronts Activity Guide Component 8.3.3, 8.3.4, & 8.3.5 Guiding Questions (be able to answer these questions at the end of packet) 1. How are air masses formed? 2. What are the differences

More information

Lecture Outlines PowerPoint. Chapter 16 Earth Science 11e Tarbuck/Lutgens

Lecture Outlines PowerPoint. Chapter 16 Earth Science 11e Tarbuck/Lutgens Lecture Outlines PowerPoint Chapter 16 Earth Science 11e Tarbuck/Lutgens 2006 Pearson Prentice Hall This work is protected by United States copyright laws and is provided solely for the use of instructors

More information

Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE. Tarbuck Lutgens

Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE. Tarbuck Lutgens Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE Tarbuck Lutgens Chapter 17 The Atmosphere: Structure and Temperature 17.1 Atmosphere Characteristics Composition of the Atmosphere Weather is constantly changing, and it refers

More information

Weather. Temperature is the degree of hotness or coldness of the air. Air temperature is measured using a thermometer.

Weather. Temperature is the degree of hotness or coldness of the air. Air temperature is measured using a thermometer. Weather Weather Weather describes the conditions in Earth's atmosphere at a given place at a given time. Temperature, precipitation, humidity, and cloud formation are aspects of weather, and they can be

More information

Goal 2.5. The Atmosphere

Goal 2.5. The Atmosphere Goal 2.5 The Atmosphere Lesson 1 Atmospheric Basics Think About It Why would it be a bad thing if the atmosphere was mostly oxygen? Focus Question What is the structure and function of the atmosphere?

More information

Ch 7 Weather Practice Questions

Ch 7 Weather Practice Questions Practice Questions 1. Base your answer to the following question on the cross section below, which shows two weather fronts moving across New York State. Lines X and Y represent frontal boundaries. The

More information

1 What Is Climate? TAKE A LOOK 2. Explain Why do areas near the equator tend to have high temperatures?

1 What Is Climate? TAKE A LOOK 2. Explain Why do areas near the equator tend to have high temperatures? CHAPTER 3 1 What Is Climate? SECTION Climate BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What is climate? What factors affect climate? How do climates differ

More information

also known as barometric pressure; weight of the air above the surface of the earth; measured by a barometer air pressure, high

also known as barometric pressure; weight of the air above the surface of the earth; measured by a barometer air pressure, high Weather Vocabulary Vocabulary Term Meaning/Definition air mass * large bodies of air that have the similar properties throughout such as temperature, humidity, and air pressure; causes most of the weather

More information

8/18/2014. Chapter 17: Weather Patterns. Section 1 (Air Masses and Fronts) 8 th Grade

8/18/2014. Chapter 17: Weather Patterns. Section 1 (Air Masses and Fronts) 8 th Grade Section 1 (Air Masses and Fronts) Chapter 17: Weather Patterns 8 th Grade air mass a huge body of air that has similar temperature, humidity, and pressure throughout Cold, dense air has a higher pressure

More information

Lecture Outlines PowerPoint. Chapter 19 Earth Science 11e Tarbuck/Lutgens

Lecture Outlines PowerPoint. Chapter 19 Earth Science 11e Tarbuck/Lutgens Lecture Outlines PowerPoint Chapter 19 Earth Science 11e Tarbuck/Lutgens 2006 Pearson Prentice Hall This work is protected by United States copyright laws and is provided solely for the use of instructors

More information

Day 1 of Global Warming. Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings

Day 1 of Global Warming. Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Day 1 of Global Warming Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings The Atmosphere Atmosphere = the thin layer (1/100 th of Earth s diameter) of gases that surrounds

More information

Section 2: The Atmosphere

Section 2: The Atmosphere Section 2: The Atmosphere Preview Classroom Catalyst Objectives The Atmosphere Composition of the Atmosphere Air Pressure Layers of the Atmosphere The Troposphere Section 2: The Atmosphere Preview, continued

More information

Page 1. Name:

Page 1. Name: Name: 1) What is the primary reason New York State is warmer in July than in February? A) The altitude of the noon Sun is greater in February. B) The insolation in New York is greater in July. C) The Earth

More information

Atmospheric Circulation

Atmospheric Circulation Atmospheric Circulation Introductory Oceanography Instructor: Ray Rector Atmospheric Circulation Key Topics Composition and Structure Solar Heating and Convection The Coriolis Effect Global Wind Patterns

More information

COMPOSITION OF THE ATMOSPHERE

COMPOSITION OF THE ATMOSPHERE Name Air COMPOSITION OF THE ATMOSPHERE 1. What are the two most abundant gases in the atmospherere? 2. Why do you think the percentage of water vapor in the air varies? 3. Would you classify carbon dioxide

More information

Unit 5 Lesson 3 How is Weather Predicted? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 5 Lesson 3 How is Weather Predicted? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Tracking the Weather Warm up 1 Why is it important to watch the weather forecast before traveling to another country? Tracking the Weather A meteorologist is a scientist who studies weather. Meteorologists

More information

The Cosmic Perspective Planetary Atmospheres: Earth and the Other Terrestrial Worlds

The Cosmic Perspective Planetary Atmospheres: Earth and the Other Terrestrial Worlds Chapter 10 Lecture The Cosmic Perspective Seventh Edition Planetary Atmospheres: Earth and the Other Terrestrial Worlds Planetary Atmospheres: Earth and the Other Terrestrial Worlds 10.1 Atmospheric Basics

More information

Chapter 8 Circulation of the Atmosphere

Chapter 8 Circulation of the Atmosphere Chapter 8 Circulation of the Atmosphere The Atmosphere Moves in Response to Uneven Solar Heating and Earth s s Rotation Solar Radiation - initial source of energy to the Earth. It can be absorbed, reflected

More information

A heat source is any device or natural body that supplies heat.

A heat source is any device or natural body that supplies heat. Heat Source and Heat Sinks Heat Source: A heat source is any device or natural body that supplies heat. Examples of a heat source: The sun, gas stove, fire, volcano, hot spring, radiator, electric heater,

More information

KEY. 7th Grade Science: Weather and Climate Core Assessment Study Guide

KEY. 7th Grade Science: Weather and Climate Core Assessment Study Guide KEY 7th Grade Science: Weather and Climate Core Assessment Study Guide Ch. 1 The Air Around You (pg. 6-26) 1. The chart on the right shows the percentage of gases that comprise our atmosphere. Use the

More information

What factors affect climate? Dr. Michael J Passow

What factors affect climate? Dr. Michael J Passow What factors affect climate? Dr. Michael J Passow Energy from the Sun (mostly light and heat) radiates to Earth SUN 150 x 10 6 km (92 x 10 6 mi) EARTH Challenge: If the speed of light is 300,000 km/sec,

More information

RR#4 - Multiple Choice

RR#4 - Multiple Choice 1. The map below shows the amount of snowfall, in inches, produced by a lake-effect snowstorm in central New York State. The wind that produced this snowfall pattern most likely came from the 1) northeast

More information

The most abundant gas in the atmosphere by volume is. This gas comprises 78% of the Earth atmosphere by volume.

The most abundant gas in the atmosphere by volume is. This gas comprises 78% of the Earth atmosphere by volume. The most abundant gas in the atmosphere by volume is. This gas comprises 78% of the Earth atmosphere by volume. A. Oxygen B. Water Vapor C. Carbon Dioxide D. Nitrogen An isobar is a line of constant. A.

More information

Advanced Hydrology. (Web course)

Advanced Hydrology. (Web course) Advanced Hydrology (Web course) Subhankar Karmakar Assistant Professor Centre for Environmental Science and Engineering (CESE) Indian Institute of Technology Bombay Powai, Mumbai 400 076 Email: skarmakar@iitb.ac.in

More information

Regents Earth Science Unit 7: Water Cycle and Climate

Regents Earth Science Unit 7: Water Cycle and Climate Regents Earth Science Unit 7: Water Cycle and Climate Name Section Coastal and Continental Temperature Ranges Lab # Introduction: There are large variations in average monthly temperatures among cities

More information

Weather and Climate Power Point

Weather and Climate Power Point Weather and Climate Power Point Atmospheric Composition Our air is made up of: 78% Nitrogen 21% Oxygen 0-4% Water Vapor 0.93% Argon.038% Carbon Dioxide 0.01% Trace Gases (Carbon dioxide has increased from

More information

Climate and Biomes. Adapted by T.Brunetto from: Developed by Steven Taylor Wichmanowski based in part on Pearson Environmental Science by Jay Withgott

Climate and Biomes. Adapted by T.Brunetto from: Developed by Steven Taylor Wichmanowski based in part on Pearson Environmental Science by Jay Withgott Climate and Biomes Adapted by T.Brunetto from: Developed by Steven Taylor Wichmanowski based in part on Pearson Environmental Science by Jay Withgott Remember that an ecosystem consists of all the biotic

More information

Unit 9. Atmosphere. Natural Science 1º ESO Antonio Jesús Moreno Quintero. Colegio Guadalete. Attendis.

Unit 9. Atmosphere. Natural Science 1º ESO Antonio Jesús Moreno Quintero. Colegio Guadalete. Attendis. 9. Atmosphere Unit 9. Atmosphere. 1 1. The Earth s atmosphere. Atmosphere: envelope of gases and particles which surrounds the Earth. Evolution of the atmosphere 1 st state: hydrogen and helium. It was

More information

Lecture 07 February 10, 2010 Water in the Atmosphere: Part 1

Lecture 07 February 10, 2010 Water in the Atmosphere: Part 1 Lecture 07 February 10, 2010 Water in the Atmosphere: Part 1 About Water on the Earth: The Hydrological Cycle Review 3-states of water, phase change and Latent Heat Indices of Water Vapor Content in the

More information

Give me one example of: Benthos. Diagram Upwelling. Explain a Convection Cell. What does it mean to have a high albedo?

Give me one example of: Benthos. Diagram Upwelling. Explain a Convection Cell. What does it mean to have a high albedo? The surface will reflect a lot of the sun s radiation. What does it mean to have a high albedo? Warmer, less dense materials rise while cooler more dense materials sink. Explain a Convection Cell What

More information

Canada s Natural Systems. Canadian Geography 1202 September/October 2014

Canada s Natural Systems. Canadian Geography 1202 September/October 2014 Canada s Natural Systems Canadian Geography 1202 September/October 2014 Canada s Natural Systems Natural System: A system found in nature Here are the four natural systems that we will explore in the next

More information

Pd: Date: Page # Describing Weather -- Lesson 1 Study Guide

Pd: Date: Page # Describing Weather -- Lesson 1 Study Guide Name: Pd: Date: Page # Describing Weather -- Lesson 1 Study Guide Rating Before Learning Goals Rating After 1 2 3 4 Describe weather. 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 List and define the variables used to describe weather.

More information

Key Concept Weather results from the movement of air masses that differ in temperature and humidity.

Key Concept Weather results from the movement of air masses that differ in temperature and humidity. Section 2 Fronts and Weather Key Concept Weather results from the movement of air masses that differ in temperature and humidity. What You Will Learn Differences in pressure, temperature, air movement,

More information

Change of Dew Point Temperature and Density of Saturated Water Vapor with High and its Impact on Cloud Cover

Change of Dew Point Temperature and Density of Saturated Water Vapor with High and its Impact on Cloud Cover IOSR Journal of Engineering (IOSRJEN) ISSN (e): 2250-3021, ISSN (p): 2278-8719 Vol. 06, Issue 01 (January. 2016), V1 PP 06-13 www.iosrjen.org Change of Dew Point Temperature and Density of Saturated Water

More information

Fig Major air masses of the world

Fig Major air masses of the world Fig. 9.3 Major air masses of the world CLASSIFICATION FOUR BASIC CATEGORIES OF AIR MASSES: POLAR - P ARCTIC - A TROPICAL - T EQUATORIAL - E TWO DESIGNATIONS OF SURFACE IN SOURCE REGION MARITIME - m. CONTINENTAL

More information

3. The map below shows an eastern portion of North America. Points A and B represent locations on the eastern shoreline.

3. The map below shows an eastern portion of North America. Points A and B represent locations on the eastern shoreline. 1. Most tornadoes in the Northern Hemisphere are best described as violently rotating columns of air surrounded by A) clockwise surface winds moving toward the columns B) clockwise surface winds moving

More information

3 Severe Weather. Critical Thinking

3 Severe Weather. Critical Thinking CHAPTER 2 3 Severe Weather SECTION Understanding Weather BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What are some types of severe weather? How can you stay

More information

Which graph best shows the relationship between intensity of insolation and position on the Earth's surface? A) B) C) D)

Which graph best shows the relationship between intensity of insolation and position on the Earth's surface? A) B) C) D) 1. The hottest climates on Earth are located near the Equator because this region A) is usually closest to the Sun B) reflects the greatest amount of insolation C) receives the most hours of daylight D)

More information

Chapter 2. Heating Earth's Surface & Atmosphere

Chapter 2. Heating Earth's Surface & Atmosphere Chapter 2 Heating Earth's Surface & Atmosphere Topics Earth-Sun Relationships Energy, Heat and Temperature Mechanisms of Heat Transfer What happens to Incoming Solar Radiation? Radiation Emitted by the

More information

1 Earth s Oceans. TAKE A LOOK 2. Identify What are the five main oceans?

1 Earth s Oceans. TAKE A LOOK 2. Identify What are the five main oceans? CHAPTER 13 1 Earth s Oceans SECTION Exploring the Oceans BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What affects the salinity of ocean water? What affects

More information