Atmosphere, Weather & Climate Review for Unit Assessment (Can be taken on Study Island Due Mon., 11/26/12)

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1 Name Class Period Atmosphere, Weather & Climate Review for Unit Assessment (Can be taken on Study Island Due Mon., 11/26/12) 1. When hot and cold air meet, the hot air rises to the top. Which process causes the hot air to rise? A. convection B. induction C. conduction D. radiation 2. Before breakfast, Lacie dropped an ice cube into her coffee. After a few seconds, she noticed that the ice cube had melted in the coffee. Which of the following statements correctly explains what Lacie witnessed? A. Heat from the coffee transferred into the ice cube, which melted the ice. B. The basic ice cube reacted with the acidic coffee, which caused the ice cube to melt. C. The cold from the ice cube was transferred into the coffee, which melted the ice. D. The cold from the ice cube went into the air, which melted the ice. 3. What is a main difference between hurricanes and tornadoes? A. Tornadoes can form over land, but hurricanes only form over the ocean. B. Hurricanes rotate counterclockwise, and tornadoes rotate clockwise. C. Tornadoes happen during the winter, and hurricanes happen during the summer. D. Tornadoes form only over warm water, and hurricanes form only over cold water. 4. Which of the following occurs because of unequal heating of the Earth's surface? A. tides B. gravity C. Moon phases D. winds

2 5. Jennifer and Jamie have a class assignment to identify an example of climate change and an example of a change in weather. They have come up with the following statements: I. The average temperature in the United States has been rising over the past 25 years. II. The temperature was warm on Monday but rainy and cold for the rest of the week. III. The amount of snowfall has been decreasing over the past few years. Which of the statements could be used as an example of a change in weather? A. I only B. I and III only C. II only D. all of these 6. Which of the following is the Earth's major external source of energy? A. magnetic energy from the Earth s core B. solar energy from the Sun C. gravitational energy from the Moon D. electromagnetic energy from radioactive isotopes 7. Look at the map above. What type of weather is the northeast having? A. cold weather B. warm weather C. foggy weather D. snowy weather

3 8. Convection currents form when warm air rises and cold air sinks. What causes the warm air to rise and the cold air to sink? A. a difference in substance B. a difference in climate C. a difference in weather D. a difference in density 9. The picture shows two cars that are sitting in the Sun. They are exactly the same except that one is black and one is white. Which of the following is true? A. The white car will heat up faster than the black car. B. There is not enough information to determine which car will heat up faster. C. Both of the cars will heat up at the same rate. D. The black car will heat up faster than the white car. 10. An air mass that formed over water is going to bring weather. A. warm B. cold C. moist D. dry 11. Clouds are formed when water vapor cools and condenses in a liquid state. Eventually, the air in the cloud becomes saturated with water. The water droplets that create the cloud combine, forming larger droplets which become heavier. What happens next? A. The water droplets fall to the Earth as rain. B. The water droplets evaporate and become water vapor again. C. The water is absorbed into the atmosphere.

4 12. The pattern of in an area over a long period of time is called. A. climate, weather B. weather, climate C. climate, temperature D. weather, rain 13. Air masses move from areas with high pressure (such as the poles of the Earth) to areas with low pressure (the equator). The temperature and moisture of an air mass depend on where it is formed. A continental tropical air mass is and. A. warm, dry B. cold, dry C. warm, moist D. cold, moist 14. A cold air mass and a warm air mass are predicted to meet. What type of weather can be expected between the two air masses? A. warm weather B. dry weather C. cold weather D. stormy weather 15. Which of the following statements is true about the composition of the atmosphere? A. The atmospheric conditions are uniformly even as latitude and altitude changes. B. The atmosphere is composed of two gases - oxygen and carbon dioxide. C. The atmospheric conditions vary as one changes latitude and altitude. D. The atmosphere produces ultraviolet radiation in its ozone layer. 16. Even if you don't touch a marshmallow to a campfire flame, holding a marshmallow near a flame causes it to toast and turn brown. Why does this happen? A. Dust blowing through the air causes the marshmallow to brown. B. Hot air in the atmosphere cooks the marshmallow. C. Heat radiates from the fire and cooks the marshmallow.

5 17. Which of the choices below is one of the primary gases found in the atmosphere? A. Nitrogen B. Helium C. Carbon Dioxide D. Argon 18. Which two factors have the greatest influence on the weather? A. rain and wind B. water and clouds C. heat and wind speed D. the Sun and water 19. Which of the following is true? A. The density of the air is consistent throughout the atmosphere. B. The density of the air is greater at high altitudes than at low altitudes. C. As altitude decreases, people are more likely to experience shortness of breath. D. As altitude increases, people are more likely to experience shortness of breath. 20. Which of the following is true? A. As altitude decreases, air pressure remains the same. B. As altitude increases, air pressure decreases. C. As altitude decreases, air pressure decreases. D. As altitude increases, air pressure increases. 21. Which of the following factors would affect the weather patterns of a region? A. nearby bodies of water B. altitude C. latitude D. all of these

6 22. Based on the chart below, when would we expect to have a sea breeze? Time Sea Temperature ( F) Land Temperature ( F) A B C A. Time C B. Times A and C C. Time A D. Time B 23. Which of the following is an example of heat transfer by radiation? A. a fire warming a group of campers B. the Sun warming the Earth C. an electric space heater warming a room D. all of these 24. Jimmy held the end of a metal bar over a fire while holding on to the opposite end. After a few minutes, the end he was holding began to get very hot. Which process is illustrated in this example? A. radiation B. convection C. induction D. conduction 25. Which of the following is a true statement about heat transfer? A. Heat always flows from cooler objects to warmer objects. B. Heat always flows from warmer objects to cooler objects. C. Heat never travels in a similar pattern. D. Heat never transfers from solids to liquids.

7 26. W. X. Y. Z. Each of the symbols above is used to indicate a certain type of front on a weather map. Which of the diagrams indicates a stationary front? A. Y B. Z C. W D. X 27. When a body of warm air encounters a body of cold air, the warm air is pushed upward. As a result, the space previously occupied by the warm air becomes an area of low pressure. To restore equilibrium in this region of the atmosphere, A. warm air rushes away from the area of low pressure. B. cold air rushes away from the area of low pressure. C. cold air rushes into the area of low pressure. D. no change is necessary. 28. Which of the following statements is true about fronts? A. The boundary between warm and cold air masses always slopes downwards over the warm air. B. When warm and cold air masses meet, the larger mass always slopes upwards over the smaller mass. C. When warm and cold air masses meet, the masses combine, resulting in one air mass with a uniform temperature throughout. D. The boundary between warm and cold air masses always slopes upwards over the cold air. 29. Which of the following best describes the movement of air in coastal areas? A. Warm air usually blows out to sea at night and inland during the day. B. Cool air usually blows out to sea during the day and inland during the night. C. Warm air usually blows inland during the day and out to sea at night. D. Cool air usually blows inland during the day and out to sea at night.

8 30. Which of the following is the primary source of oxygen in the Earth's atmosphere? A. bacteria B. factories C. animals D. plants 31. The amount of water vapor in the air is referred to as A. temperature. B. precipitation. C. condensation. D. humidity. 32. Which of the following is accurate about heat absorption and loss? A. Sea water absorbs and loses heat faster than land. B. Sea water absorbs heat faster than land, and land loses heat faster than sea water. C. Land absorbs and loses heat faster than sea water. D. Land absorbs heat faster than sea water, and sea water loses heat faster than land. 33. When you wake up before sunrise to take your dog for a walk on the beach which of the following conditions would you expect to be true? A. A morning shower that always occurs right by the ocean. B. The air over the land is hotter than the air over the water. C. There will be no wind. D. The air over the water is hotter than the air over the land. 34. What type of weather is a warm front most likely to produce? A. strong winds B. thunderstorms C. clear skies D. light rain

9 35. Which of the following occurs when a cool air mass meets and replaces a warm air mass? A. occluded front B. stationary front C. warm front D. cold front 36. W. X. Y. Z. Each of the symbols above is used to indicate a certain type of front on a weather map. Which of the diagrams indicates a cold front? A. X B. Z C. W D. Y 37. A graph of the carbon dioxide levels in the Earth's atmosphere is shown below. Which of the following is true? A. Carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere have been dropping steadily since B. The level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere did not change before C. The carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere began increasing rapidly around D. The steepest increase in carbon dioxide levels took place in the 18th century.

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