March 11, A CCP Weather and Climate.notebook. Weather & Climate BEFORE YOU TEACH LESSON

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1 BEFORE YOU TEACH LESSON 1

2 Before You Teach Before You Read Reading Passage After You Read SMART Response Printable Reading Passage 2

3 Before You Read Reading Passage As a class, brainstorm the meanings of the words weather and climate and some examples of both. Write down your responses in the space provided below. 3

4 Before You Read Reading Passage What are the four processes of the WATER CYCLE? Write down your responses in the space provided, then touch the answer icon to reveal the answer. Evaporation Condensation Precipitation Collection? 4

5 True or False SMART Response Answer the following question using your SMART Response clickers 1 Seasons result from the Earth s axis rotating throughout the year, allowing direct sunlight to fall on different areas at different times. TRUE True FALSE False 5

6 Reading Passage After You Read Vocabulary: Touch the card to see its definition Topography The features or surface Topography configuration of an area or region. Solar Radiation Electromagnetic radiation, Solar including Radiation ultraviolet, emanating from the Sun. Plate Movement The large scale motions of Plate Earth's rigid, Movement outermost layer. Earth's Axis The line of which the Earth's Axis Earth's rotating body turns. Northern Hemisphere The Northern half of Earth between Hemisphere the North Pole and the Equator. Ocean Currents Horizontal and vertical circulation Ocean system Currents of ocean waters. 6

7 Reading Passage After You Read Weather and climate describe two different things. The difference is a measure of time. Weather describes a mix of events that occur each day in our atmosphere. These events include temperature, rainfall, and humidity. Climate, on the other hand, describes the average weather pattern in a particular place or region over many years. For example, the climate of Los Angeles is generally warm all year round. Weather would describe a rainy day followed with sunny breaks. Press PLAY to see weather in action 7

8 What is weather? weather climate 8

9 Reading Passage After You Read Differences in weather and climate around the globe occur due to the sun's angle. The Earth's axis is tilted relative to its orbital place; therefore, sunlight changes angles at different times of the year. Over thousands of years, changes in Earth's orbit affect the amount and distribution of solar energy received by the Earth and influence long term climate. Weather and climate involve the transfer of solar radiation into and Touch here to continue reading out of the atmosphere. Solar rays enter the atmosphere at an angle that varies by latitude from the tropics. The farther from the tropics, the lower the sun angle is, resulting in cooler temperatures. Throughout the year, the Earth s rotation changes, allowing for different locations to receive direct sunlight. In the summer, the Northern hemisphere, or North America, is tilted towards the sun, receiving direct sunlight. In the winter, it receives indirect sunlight by tilting away from the sun. This results in seasons. 9

10 What is weather? solar radiation Northern hemisphere Earth's axis 10

11 Reading Passage After You Read Ever wonder why Australia has opposite seasons to North America? In our summer, we receive direct sunlight due to the Earth s tilt. Because Australia is on the other side, they receive indirect sunlight, resulting in their winter. Earth s surface is comprised of plates. These plates continually move at a rate of about Touch 1.18 here inches to continue (3 cm) reading per year. Plate movement alters ocean currents, heat transportation, and global atmospheric circulation. Plate movement over millions of years have changed global land and ocean areas and created topography. The position of land masses, or continents, determines the location of the oceans and influences patterns of ocean circulation. Plate movement has a direct effect on ocean currents. 11

12 What is weather? plate tectonics topography 12

13 Reading Passage After You Read Ocean currents can increase or decrease temperatures. Ocean currents carry warm and moist air from the equator around the globe. This warm and moist air affects the climate of a certain region. For example, the Gulf Stream carries warm air from the Gulf of Mexico to Britain. This explains the UK s milder climate. The air that the Gulf Stream carries is also very moist. This explains why the UK frequently receives wet weather. Press PLAY to see the Gulf Stream at work 13

14 What is weather? ocean currents gulf stream 14

15 Reading Passage After You Read Oceans are a major factor in controlling weather and climate. Oceans store the most heat energy from the sun. When wind passes over the oceans, they carry with them moisture and warm air to nearby lands. Have you ever noticed that coastal areas are generally warmer than inland areas? This is because oceans have a much higher heat capacity than land, so the air surrounding coastal areas is much warmer than the air around inland areas. Touch here to continue reading The Earth s surface is covered by 71% water. This water continuously moves from the surface of the Earth into the air, and then falls back down to Earth again. This is the WATER CYCLE. The driving force of the water cycle is the Sun. 15

16 Reading Passage After You Read The Sun heats water in oceans and seas, turning water molecules into vapor, which then rises into the air. This process is called evaporation. The water vapor evaporates into the atmosphere, where cooler temperatures cause it to condense into clouds. Air currents move the clouds around the globe, where they collide, grow, then fall back down to Earth s surface in the form of rain or snow. This process is called precipitation. Water is then collected in rivers, seas, and oceans where it is heated once more, turning into water vapor that will ascend into the atmosphere. These four processes form the WATER CYCLE. Touch here to continue reading Think you can correctly label the water cycle? Turn to the next page to complete an interactive activity. 16

17 What is weather? water cycle 17

18 Interactive Activity The Water Cycle After You Read 18

19 After You Read Reading Passage Think about the definitions and examples you gave for weather and climate in the BEFORE YOU READ section. After reading the passage, form your list again and write your responses in the space provided below. How have your definitions and examples changed? 19

20 After You Read Reading Passage Complete the sentences by dragging the correct word into the spaces below, then touch the answer icon to reveal the correct answers. vapor temperature topography temperature vapor topography? a) Weather describes a mix of events that occur each day in our atmosphere. These events include, rainfall, and humidity. b) The Sun heats water in oceans and seas, turning water molecules into, which then rises into the air. c) Plate movement over millions of years have changed global land and ocean areas and created. 20

21 After You Read Reading Passage Drag the correct word(s) from the list to its corresponding definition, then touch the answer icon to reveal the correct answers. Plate Movement Solar Radiation Ocean Currents a) Horizontal and vertical circulation system of ocean waters, produced by gravity, wind friction, and water density variation. Ocean Currents b) The large scale motions of Earth's rigid, outermost shell. c) Electromagnetic radiation, including X rays, ultraviolet and infrared radiation, and radio emissions, as well as visible light, emanating from the Sun. Plate Movement Solar Radiation? 21

22 After You Read Reading Passage Match the regions around the globe to their climates by drawing a line to connect the two, then drag the answer icon over to reveal the correct connections. Alaska Florida Great Britain Egypt Italy Humid Subtropical Mediterranean Marine Subarctic Desert? 22

23 Multiple Choice SMART Response Answer the following question using your SMART Response clickers 2 How does changes in Earth s orbit influence long term climate? A B It affects the amount and distribution of solar energy received by the Earth. It affects the movement of the tectonic plates. C It affects the amount of days in a year. D Both A and B 23

24 Multiple Answer SMART Response Answer the following question using your SMART Response clickers 3 Examples of Weather include: (choose 3) A B C D E Humid Windy Rainy Hail Wet 24

25 True or False END OF LESSON BEFORE YOU TEACH Click here to return to the main menu SMART RESPONSE QUIZ Click here to continue to the SMART Response quiz 25

26 26

27 Attachments READING PASSAGE Weather and Climate.pdf Weather and Climate Smart Response.notebook

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