Factors that Affect Climate

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Factors that Affect Climate"

Transcription

1 Factors that Affect Climate

2 What is climate? Climate is the average weather conditions over a long period of time Includes average temperatures and precipitation, wind patterns, humidity, air pressure Weather is what it is NOW, climate is what it SHOULD BE.

3 How is this different from weather? Weather changes day to day. Weather can fall inside normal ranges or outside of what is expected from the climate- above or below average Climate is the benchmark; what we expect

4 March Ft. Lauderale Averages Average Precip: 3.58 in. Average High Temp: 78 F Average Low Temp: 62 F Today High 85 F Low 72 F Chance of precipitation 50%

5 Climate Factors Temperature Factors (LADO!) Latitude Altitude Distance to a Body of Water Ocean Currents Precipitation Factors (TP) Topography Prevailing Winds

6 How does Latitude affect climate? (the angular distance N or S of the equator) Latitude is the most significant factor for determining climate Warmer at the equator Colder at the poles in general Seasons are REVERSED between N. and S. Hemisphere

7 How does Altitude affect climate? As you go up in altitude, you go down in temperature and sometimes precipitation

8 How does the Distance from large bodies of water affect climate? Large bodies of water regulate temperature due to water s properties. The ocean thermostatkeeps it warmer in winter and cooler in the summer less fluctuation Inland climate have more extreme temperature fluctuations throughout the year

9 How do nearby Ocean Currents affect the climate? Warm and cold ocean currents bring warm moist air near to coastal areas. Great Britain is an example latitude position puts it in the cold and dry climate zone However it is moist and warmer due to the Gulf Stream, a warm current.

10 How do the Prevailing winds affect climate? Prevailing winds are winds that blow predominantly from a single general direction over a particular point on the Earth's Global winds are surface. generated by the rotation of the earth and move air around the globe. Prevailing winds (like the Trade Winds) regulate climate Winds bring storms, air masses of different temps.

11 How does Topography affect the climate? The lay of the ground plays an important role in regulating climate Ex. The windward side of a coastal mountain range is wetter than the leeward side rain shadow effect

12

13 Other Factors- Plate Tectonics Tectonic plates have shifted across Earth s surface for billions of years Greenland and Antarctica used to be tropical S. Africa had glaciers NJ had volcanoes Most of the Western U.S. was underwater

14 Other Factors- Volcanic Eruptions Volcanoes can warm AND cool the planet Volcanoes emit CO 2 which is a greenhouse gas global warming But volcanoes also emit SO 2 and aerosols (tiny solid particles) that REFLECT sunlight back into space Less radiation reaches Earth COOLING

15 Ice Ages Earth naturally fluctuates between ice ages and interglacial periods ICE AGE- an era of cooler than normal global temperatures INTERGLACIAL PERIOD- era of warmer than normal temps. Scientists claim the next ice age is 50,000 years away

16 Looking at Climatograms A climatogram is a chart commonly used to graphically display both annual average temperature (highs, lows, and averages) and precipitation information for a city or region. Generally, it is based on 30 or more years of data

17 Temperature (deg. C) Precipitation (mm) Practice- NYC vs. Sydney New York, NY Precip Temp J F M A M J J A S O N D Months 0

18 NYC Climate Facts Warmest months: June, July, August Consistently around 100 mm precip/month Coldest months: Dec, Jan, Feb. Coastal City (Atlantic Ocean) N. Hemisphere: 40.7 N Elevation: sea level (0)

19 Temperature (deg. C) Precipitation (mm) Practice- NYC vs. Sydney Sydney, Australia Precip (mm) Temp (C) J F M A M J J A S O N D Months 0

20 Sydney Climate Facts: Warmest months: Dec., Jan, Feb Coldest months: May, June, July, Aug Precipitation averages to ~100 mm/month Coastal city Southern Hemisphere: 34 S Elevation: sea level

21 Which factor? Latitude? Altitude? Distance to Body of Water? Ocean Currents? Topography? Prevailing Winds?

22 City Pairs Chico, CA vs. Reno, NV Norfolk, VA vs. San Francisco, CA Estes Park, CO vs. Lincoln, NE Boston, MA vs. Minneapolis, MN

23 Create Your own Climatogram 1/Real%20World%20Learning%20Objects /Teacher%20Education%20and%20Educa tional%20technology/use%20excel%20to %20create%20a%20Climatogram/excel_cl imatogram.html

Factors that Affect Climate

Factors that Affect Climate Factors that Affect Climate What is climate? Climate is the average weather conditions over a long period of time Includes average temperatures and precipitation, wind patterns, humidity, air pressure

More information

1 What Is Climate? TAKE A LOOK 2. Explain Why do areas near the equator tend to have high temperatures?

1 What Is Climate? TAKE A LOOK 2. Explain Why do areas near the equator tend to have high temperatures? CHAPTER 17 1 What Is Climate? SECTION Climate BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What is climate? What factors affect climate? How do climates differ

More information

Factors That Affect Climate

Factors That Affect Climate Factors That Affect Climate Factors That Affect Climate Latitude As latitude (horizontal lines) increases, the intensity of solar energy decreases. The tropical zone is between the tropic of Cancer and

More information

Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE

Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE Tarbuck Lutgens Chapter 21 Climate 21.1 Factors That Affect Climate Factors That Affect Climate Latitude As latitude increases, the intensity of solar energy decreases. The

More information

Name Class Date. 2. What is the average weather condition in an area over a long period of time called? a. winter b. temperature c. climate d.

Name Class Date. 2. What is the average weather condition in an area over a long period of time called? a. winter b. temperature c. climate d. Skills Worksheet Directed Reading B Section: What Is Climate? CLIMATE VS. WEATHER 1. What kind of conditions vary from day to day? a. climate b. weather c. latitude d. biome 2. What is the average weather

More information

1 What Is Climate? TAKE A LOOK 2. Explain Why do areas near the equator tend to have high temperatures?

1 What Is Climate? TAKE A LOOK 2. Explain Why do areas near the equator tend to have high temperatures? CHAPTER 3 1 What Is Climate? SECTION Climate BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What is climate? What factors affect climate? How do climates differ

More information

What factors affect climate? Dr. Michael J Passow

What factors affect climate? Dr. Michael J Passow What factors affect climate? Dr. Michael J Passow Energy from the Sun (mostly light and heat) radiates to Earth SUN 150 x 10 6 km (92 x 10 6 mi) EARTH Challenge: If the speed of light is 300,000 km/sec,

More information

Climates are described by the same conditions used to describe

Climates are described by the same conditions used to describe 58 The Causes of Climate R EA D I N G Climates are described by the same conditions used to describe weather, such as temperature, precipitation, and wind. You now know that oceans have an important effect

More information

GEOGRAPHY EYA NOTES. Weather. atmosphere. Weather and climate

GEOGRAPHY EYA NOTES. Weather. atmosphere. Weather and climate GEOGRAPHY EYA NOTES Weather and climate Weather The condition of the atmosphere at a specific place over a relatively short period of time Climate The atmospheric conditions of a specific place over a

More information

What is the difference between Weather and Climate?

What is the difference between Weather and Climate? What is the difference between Weather and Climate? Objective Many people are confused about the difference between weather and climate. This makes understanding the difference between weather forecasts

More information

School Name Team # International Academy East Meteorology Test Graphs, Pictures, and Diagrams Diagram #1

School Name Team # International Academy East Meteorology Test Graphs, Pictures, and Diagrams Diagram #1 School Name Team # International Academy East Meteorology Test Graphs, Pictures, and Diagrams Diagram #1 Use the map above, and the locations marked A-F, to answer the following questions. 1. The center

More information

2. Fargo, North Dakota receives more snow than Charleston, South Carolina.

2. Fargo, North Dakota receives more snow than Charleston, South Carolina. 2015 National Tournament Division B Meteorology Section 1: Weather versus Climate Chose the answer that best answers the question 1. The sky is partly cloudy this morning in Lincoln, Nebraska. 2. Fargo,

More information

Climate. What is climate? STUDY GUIDE FOR CONTENT MASTERY. Name Class Date

Climate. What is climate? STUDY GUIDE FOR CONTENT MASTERY. Name Class Date Climate SECTION 14.1 What is climate? In your textbook, read about climate and different types of climate data. Put a check ( ) next to the types of data that describe climate. 1. annual wind speed 4.

More information

World geography 3200/3202 Unit 2 review

World geography 3200/3202 Unit 2 review World geography 3200/3202 Unit 2 review 1. Does this statement use the terms revolve & rotate correctly? "Saturn revolves on its axis while several moons rotate around it." 2. Does this statement use the

More information

Chapter 15: Weather and Climate

Chapter 15: Weather and Climate Chapter 15: Weather and Climate Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. The short-term state of the atmosphere is called a. climate. c. water cycle.

More information

16 Global Climate. Learning Goals. Summary. After studying this chapter, students should be able to:

16 Global Climate. Learning Goals. Summary. After studying this chapter, students should be able to: 16 Global Climate Learning Goals After studying this chapter, students should be able to: 1. associate the world s six major vegetation biomes to climate (pp. 406 408); 2. describe methods for classifying

More information

Climate versus Weather

Climate versus Weather Climate versus Weather What is climate? Climate is the average weather usually taken over a 30-year time period for a particular region and time period. Climate is not the same as weather, but rather,

More information

United States Climate

United States Climate 25-1 Alabama Annual Average Temperature Data Source: http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/divplot1_form.pl?0106 25-2 How does climate vary as we traverse the U.S. along 40 N? 25-3 Average Temperature Along

More information

3 Weather and Climate

3 Weather and Climate CHAPTER 22 3 Weather and Climate SECTION The Atmosphere KEY IDEAS As you read this section, keep these questions in mind: What are fronts? What are some types of severe weather? How is climate different

More information

also known as barometric pressure; weight of the air above the surface of the earth; measured by a barometer air pressure, high

also known as barometric pressure; weight of the air above the surface of the earth; measured by a barometer air pressure, high Weather Vocabulary Vocabulary Term Meaning/Definition air mass * large bodies of air that have the similar properties throughout such as temperature, humidity, and air pressure; causes most of the weather

More information

3. The map below shows an eastern portion of North America. Points A and B represent locations on the eastern shoreline.

3. The map below shows an eastern portion of North America. Points A and B represent locations on the eastern shoreline. 1. Most tornadoes in the Northern Hemisphere are best described as violently rotating columns of air surrounded by A) clockwise surface winds moving toward the columns B) clockwise surface winds moving

More information

LAB J - WORLD CLIMATE ZONES

LAB J - WORLD CLIMATE ZONES Introduction LAB J - WORLD CLIMATE ZONES The objective of this lab is to familiarize the student with the various climates around the world and the climate controls that influence these climates. Students

More information

Homework. Oceanography and Climate Review due Friday Feb 12 th (test day!!)

Homework. Oceanography and Climate Review due Friday Feb 12 th (test day!!) Homework Oceanography and Climate Review due Friday Feb 12 th (test day!!) Learning Targets I can define the term climate and explain the factors that influence the climate of an area. I can identify the

More information

Patterns of Climate. WORDS TO KNOW arid climate deforestation temperate climate climate maritime climate urbanization continental climate

Patterns of Climate. WORDS TO KNOW arid climate deforestation temperate climate climate maritime climate urbanization continental climate C H A P T E R 24 Patterns of Climate WORDS TO KNOW arid climate deforestation temperate climate climate maritime climate urbanization continental climate This chapter will help you answer the following

More information

Bell Work. REVIEW: Our Planet Earth Page 29 Document A & B Questions

Bell Work. REVIEW: Our Planet Earth Page 29 Document A & B Questions 9.12.16 Bell Work REVIEW: Our Planet Earth Page 29 Document A & B Questions Intro to Climate & Weather https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vhgyoa70q7y Weather vs. Climate Video Climate & Weather 3.1 Weather

More information

2. Would you expect convection in a lake? Why or why not?

2. Would you expect convection in a lake? Why or why not? NAME: PERIOD: DATE: ENTRY NUMBER: REVIEW FOR WEATHER AND CLIMATE TEST 1. Describe 3 types of heat transfer. Give an example of each. 2. Would you expect convection in a lake? Why or why not? 3. What part

More information

4. Fill in the table about the 4 different types of air masses. Air Masses Source Region Type of Air Symbol

4. Fill in the table about the 4 different types of air masses. Air Masses Source Region Type of Air Symbol Packet #12: Weather & Climate Name: Per: Reading Guide: Chapter 24.1 (Read and study text pages 601-604) Understanding Air Masses 5a. Students know how differential heating of Earth results in circulation

More information

Regents Earth Science Unit 7: Water Cycle and Climate

Regents Earth Science Unit 7: Water Cycle and Climate Regents Earth Science Unit 7: Water Cycle and Climate Name Section Coastal and Continental Temperature Ranges Lab # Introduction: There are large variations in average monthly temperatures among cities

More information

March 11, A CCP Weather and Climate.notebook. Weather & Climate BEFORE YOU TEACH LESSON

March 11, A CCP Weather and Climate.notebook. Weather & Climate BEFORE YOU TEACH LESSON BEFORE YOU TEACH LESSON 1 Before You Teach Before You Read Reading Passage After You Read SMART Response Printable Reading Passage 2 Before You Read Reading Passage As a class, brainstorm the meanings

More information

The Atmosphere. All weather occurs here 99% of water vapor found here ~75 % of total mass of the atmosphere

The Atmosphere. All weather occurs here 99% of water vapor found here ~75 % of total mass of the atmosphere The Atmosphere Structure/Layers Contains 4 major layers See E.S.R.T pg 14 o Troposphere All weather occurs here 99% of water vapor found here ~75 % of total mass of the atmosphere o Stratosphere Contains

More information

Tropical Moist Rainforest

Tropical Moist Rainforest Tropical or Lowlatitude Climates: Controlled by equatorial tropical air masses Tropical Moist Rainforest Rainfall is heavy in all months - more than 250 cm. (100 in.). Common temperatures of 27 C (80 F)

More information

Climate and Biomes. Adapted by T.Brunetto from: Developed by Steven Taylor Wichmanowski based in part on Pearson Environmental Science by Jay Withgott

Climate and Biomes. Adapted by T.Brunetto from: Developed by Steven Taylor Wichmanowski based in part on Pearson Environmental Science by Jay Withgott Climate and Biomes Adapted by T.Brunetto from: Developed by Steven Taylor Wichmanowski based in part on Pearson Environmental Science by Jay Withgott Remember that an ecosystem consists of all the biotic

More information

1 Our Dynamic Climate Guiding Question: What factors determine Earth s climate?

1 Our Dynamic Climate Guiding Question: What factors determine Earth s climate? LESSON 1 Our Dynamic Climate Guiding Question: What factors determine Earth s climate? Describe factors that affect how the sun warms Earth. Discuss the role of wind patterns in determining climate. Explain

More information

What is the IPCC? Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

What is the IPCC? Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC WG1 FAQ What is the IPCC? Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change The IPCC is a scientific intergovernmental body set up by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and by the United Nations

More information

Grade 9 Geography Chapter 11 - Climate Connections

Grade 9 Geography Chapter 11 - Climate Connections Grade 9 Geography Chapter 11 - Climate Connections 1. Define: Weather. 2. In what way has weather affected your activities in the last two weeks? 3. Define: Climate. 4. Canada s climate is a function of

More information

RR#5 - Free Response

RR#5 - Free Response Base your answers to questions 1 through 3 on the data table below and on your knowledge of Earth Science. The table shows the area, in million square kilometers, of the Arctic Ocean covered by ice from

More information

Canada s Natural Systems. Canadian Geography 1202 September/October 2014

Canada s Natural Systems. Canadian Geography 1202 September/October 2014 Canada s Natural Systems Canadian Geography 1202 September/October 2014 Canada s Natural Systems Natural System: A system found in nature Here are the four natural systems that we will explore in the next

More information

Clouds and Rain Unit (3 pts)

Clouds and Rain Unit (3 pts) Name: Section: Clouds and Rain Unit (Topic 8A-2) page 1 Clouds and Rain Unit (3 pts) As air rises, it cools due to the reduction in atmospheric pressure Air mainly consists of oxygen molecules and nitrogen

More information

GLOBAL CLIMATES FOCUS

GLOBAL CLIMATES FOCUS which you will learn more about in Chapter 6. Refer to the climate map and chart on pages 28-29 as you read the rest of this chapter. FOCUS GLOBAL CLIMATES What are the major influences on climate? Where

More information

WEATHER. Review Note Cards

WEATHER. Review Note Cards WEATHER Review Note Cards Thermometer Weather instrument that measures air temperature Units include F, C, and K ESRT 13 Sling Psychrometer Weather instrument that measures relative humidity and dewpoint

More information

Ch 7 Weather Practice Questions

Ch 7 Weather Practice Questions Practice Questions 1. Base your answer to the following question on the cross section below, which shows two weather fronts moving across New York State. Lines X and Y represent frontal boundaries. The

More information

Climate changes in Finland, but how? Jouni Räisänen Department of Physics, University of Helsinki

Climate changes in Finland, but how? Jouni Räisänen Department of Physics, University of Helsinki Climate changes in Finland, but how? Jouni Räisänen Department of Physics, University of Helsinki 19.9.2012 Outline Some basic questions and answers about climate change How are projections of climate

More information

Weather and Climate A B1

Weather and Climate A B1 Weather and Climate A B1 1. What causes the Coriolis effect? (1) Earth s tilt on its axis (2) the spin of Earth on its axis (3) the orbital motion of the Moon around Earth (4) the orbital motion of Earth

More information

THE ATMOSPHERE IN MOTION

THE ATMOSPHERE IN MOTION Funding provided by NOAA Sectoral Applications Research Project THE ATMOSPHERE IN MOTION Basic Climatology Oklahoma Climatological Survey Factor 1: Our Energy Source Hi, I m the Sun! I provide 99.9999+

More information

A heat source is any device or natural body that supplies heat.

A heat source is any device or natural body that supplies heat. Heat Source and Heat Sinks Heat Source: A heat source is any device or natural body that supplies heat. Examples of a heat source: The sun, gas stove, fire, volcano, hot spring, radiator, electric heater,

More information

1. Oceans. Example 2. oxygen.

1. Oceans. Example 2. oxygen. 1. Oceans a) Basic facts: There are five oceans on earth, making up about 72% of the planet s surface and holding 97% of the hydrosphere. Oceans supply the planet with most of its oxygen, play a vital

More information

1 Earth s Oceans. TAKE A LOOK 2. Identify What are the five main oceans?

1 Earth s Oceans. TAKE A LOOK 2. Identify What are the five main oceans? CHAPTER 13 1 Earth s Oceans SECTION Exploring the Oceans BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What affects the salinity of ocean water? What affects

More information

Environmental Science Chapter 13 Atmosphere and Climate Change Review

Environmental Science Chapter 13 Atmosphere and Climate Change Review Environmental Science Chapter 13 Atmosphere and Climate Change Review Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Climate in a region is a. the long-term,

More information

3 Temperate and Polar Zones

3 Temperate and Polar Zones CHAPTER 3 3 Temperate and Polar Zones SECTION Climate BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What biomes are found in the temperate zone? What biomes

More information

Global Climates. Name Date

Global Climates. Name Date Global Climates Name Date No investigation of the atmosphere is complete without examining the global distribution of the major atmospheric elements and the impact that humans have on weather and climate.

More information

Chapter 3: Study Guide

Chapter 3: Study Guide Chapter 3: Study Guide Multiple Choice 1. Places located in high latitudes have a. a very warm climate. b. the same weather as places in other latitudes. c. a mix of extremely hot and extremely cold weather.

More information

Name Period Part I: INVESTIGATING OCEAN CURRENTS: PLOTTING BUOY DATA

Name Period Part I: INVESTIGATING OCEAN CURRENTS: PLOTTING BUOY DATA Name Period Part I: INVESTIGATING OCEAN CURRENTS: PLOTTING BUOY DATA INTRODUCTION: Ocean currents are like huge rivers in the sea. They carry drifting organisms, vital dissolved chemical nutrients and

More information

Weather and climate. reflect. what do you think? look out!

Weather and climate. reflect. what do you think? look out! reflect You re going on vacation in a week and you have to start thinking about what clothes you re going to pack for your trip. You ve read the weather reports for your vacation spot, but you know that

More information

Name Class Date. For each pair of terms, explain how the meanings of the terms differ.

Name Class Date. For each pair of terms, explain how the meanings of the terms differ. Skills Worksheet Chapter Review USING KEY TERMS For each pair of terms, explain how the meanings of the terms differ. 1. biome and tropical zone 2. weather and climate 3. temperate zone and polar zone

More information

ESCI 344 Tropical Meteorology Lesson 7 Temperature, Clouds, and Rain

ESCI 344 Tropical Meteorology Lesson 7 Temperature, Clouds, and Rain ESCI 344 Tropical Meteorology Lesson 7 Temperature, Clouds, and Rain References: Forecaster s Guide to Tropical Meteorology (updated), Ramage Tropical Climatology, McGregor and Nieuwolt Climate and Weather

More information

Chapter 10 Planetary Atmospheres: Earth and the Other Terrestrial Worlds. What is an atmosphere? Earth s Atmosphere. Atmospheric Pressure

Chapter 10 Planetary Atmospheres: Earth and the Other Terrestrial Worlds. What is an atmosphere? Earth s Atmosphere. Atmospheric Pressure Chapter 10 Planetary Atmospheres: Earth and the Other Terrestrial Worlds 10.1 Atmospheric Basics Our goals for learning What is an atmosphere? How does the greenhouse effect warm a planet? Why do atmospheric

More information

Chapter 10 Planetary Atmospheres: Earth and the Other Terrestrial Worlds

Chapter 10 Planetary Atmospheres: Earth and the Other Terrestrial Worlds Chapter 10 Planetary Atmospheres: Earth and the Other Terrestrial Worlds 10.1 Atmospheric Basics Our goals for learning What is an atmosphere? How does the greenhouse effect warm a planet? Why do atmospheric

More information

El Niño / Southern Oscillation

El Niño / Southern Oscillation El Niño / Southern Oscillation Student Packet 2 Use contents of this packet as you feel appropriate. You are free to copy and use any of the material in this lesson plan. Packet Contents Introduction on

More information

Website Lecture 4 The Physical Environment Continued

Website  Lecture 4 The Physical Environment Continued Website http://websites.rcc.edu/halama Lecture 4 The Physical Environment Continued 1 Lecture 4 1. Weather and Climate Global Local 2. Internal Planetary Processes Layers Plate Tectonics Earthquakes Volcanos

More information

Weather Notes. Chapter 16, 17, & 18

Weather Notes. Chapter 16, 17, & 18 Weather Notes Chapter 16, 17, & 18 Weather Weather is the condition of the Earth s atmosphere at a particular place and time Weather It is the movement of energy through the atmosphere Energy comes from

More information

Fig Major air masses of the world

Fig Major air masses of the world Fig. 9.3 Major air masses of the world CLASSIFICATION FOUR BASIC CATEGORIES OF AIR MASSES: POLAR - P ARCTIC - A TROPICAL - T EQUATORIAL - E TWO DESIGNATIONS OF SURFACE IN SOURCE REGION MARITIME - m. CONTINENTAL

More information

Keys to Climate Climate Classification Low Latitude Climates Midlatitude Climates High Latitude Climates Highland Climates Our Changing Climate

Keys to Climate Climate Classification Low Latitude Climates Midlatitude Climates High Latitude Climates Highland Climates Our Changing Climate Climate Global Climates Keys to Climate Climate Classification Low Latitude Climates Midlatitude Climates High Latitude Climates Highland Climates Our Changing Climate Keys to Climate Climate the average

More information

Weather and Climate of the Rogue Valley By Gregory V. Jones, Ph.D., Southern Oregon University

Weather and Climate of the Rogue Valley By Gregory V. Jones, Ph.D., Southern Oregon University Weather and Climate of the Rogue Valley By Gregory V. Jones, Ph.D., Southern Oregon University The Rogue Valley region is one of many intermountain valley areas along the west coast of the United States.

More information

WEATHER AND CLIMATE BY JIND KAUR ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY POST GRADUATE GOVT. COLLEGE FOR GIRLS-SECTOR-11-CHD.

WEATHER AND CLIMATE BY JIND KAUR ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY POST GRADUATE GOVT. COLLEGE FOR GIRLS-SECTOR-11-CHD. WEATHER AND CLIMATE BY JIND KAUR ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY POST GRADUATE GOVT. COLLEGE FOR GIRLS-SECTOR-11-CHD. WEATHER AND CLIMATE The difference between climate and weather is usefully

More information

Natural Causes of Climate. 3B Day 2

Natural Causes of Climate. 3B Day 2 Natural Causes of Climate 3B Day 2 Critical Content 3B: Investigate how daily weather over time determines climate patterns in a given region 2C: Recall the difference between weather and climate Describe

More information

4 Forecasting Weather

4 Forecasting Weather CHAPTER 16 4 Forecasting Weather SECTION Understanding Weather BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What instruments are used to forecast weather?

More information

General Atmospheric Circulation

General Atmospheric Circulation General Atmospheric Circulation Take away Concepts and Ideas Global circulation: The mean meridional (N-S) circulation Trade winds and westerlies The Jet Stream Earth s climate zones Monsoonal climate

More information

Meteorology. Circle the letter that corresponds to the correct answer

Meteorology. Circle the letter that corresponds to the correct answer Chapter 3 Worksheet 1 Meteorology Name: Circle the letter that corresponds to the correct answer 1) If the maximum temperature for a particular day is 26 C and the minimum temperature is 14 C, the daily

More information

Temperature Variation on Earth. Goal: Explain our atmosphere s interaction with the Sun s radiation

Temperature Variation on Earth. Goal: Explain our atmosphere s interaction with the Sun s radiation Temperature Variation on Earth Goal: Explain our atmosphere s interaction with the Sun s radiation Review: What happens to Solar Radiation? 50%- absorbed by land & sea 20%- absorbed by atmosphere and clouds

More information

Exploring Climate Influences

Exploring Climate Influences Exploring Climate Influences Purpose Students are able to identify the influence of latitude, elevation, proximity to water and physical features on their local climate by analyzing 30 years of monthly

More information

Name Date Class Benchmark 3 Science Study Guide. Weather & Geology

Name Date Class Benchmark 3 Science Study Guide. Weather & Geology Benchmark 3 Science Study Guide Weather & Geology S6E5 A-Crust, Mantle, Core 1. What happens to the temperature as you travel to the center of the Earth? Temperature increases with depth 2. What happens

More information

The surface of the ocean floor is as varied as the land. The five major oceans, from largest to smallest, are

The surface of the ocean floor is as varied as the land. The five major oceans, from largest to smallest, are 11.1 Ocean Basins The surface of the ocean floor is as varied as the land. The five major oceans, from largest to smallest, are w the Pacific w the Atlantic w the Indian w the Southern w the Arctic The

More information

WHAT CAN MAPS TELL US ABOUT THE GEOGRAPHY OF ANCIENT GREECE? MAP TYPE 1: CLIMATE MAPS

WHAT CAN MAPS TELL US ABOUT THE GEOGRAPHY OF ANCIENT GREECE? MAP TYPE 1: CLIMATE MAPS WHAT CAN MAPS TELL US ABOUT THE GEOGRAPHY OF ANCIENT GREECE? MAP TYPE 1: CLIMATE MAPS MAP TYPE 2: PHYSICAL AND/OR TOPOGRAPHICAL MAPS MAP TYPE 3: POLITICAL MAPS TYPE 4: RESOURCE & TRADE MAPS Descriptions

More information

Satellites, Weather and Climate Module??: Polar Vortex

Satellites, Weather and Climate Module??: Polar Vortex Satellites, Weather and Climate Module??: Polar Vortex SWAC Jan 2014 AKA Circumpolar Vortex Science or Hype? Will there be one this year? Today s objectives Pre and Post exams What is the Polar Vortex

More information

RR#4 - Multiple Choice

RR#4 - Multiple Choice 1. The map below shows the amount of snowfall, in inches, produced by a lake-effect snowstorm in central New York State. The wind that produced this snowfall pattern most likely came from the 1) northeast

More information

Surface Processes and the Hydrosphere Unit Heating the Earth s Atmosphere Chapter 11 (pg )

Surface Processes and the Hydrosphere Unit Heating the Earth s Atmosphere Chapter 11 (pg ) Name: Block: Surface Processes and the Hydrosphere Unit Heating the Earth s Atmosphere Chapter 11 (pg. 352 385) 11.1: Focus on the Atmosphere: Weather and Climate What is the difference between the weather

More information

Elements of weather and climate Temperature Range of temperature Seasonal temperature pattern Rainfall

Elements of weather and climate Temperature Range of temperature Seasonal temperature pattern Rainfall Climate Earth Science Chapter 20 Pages 560-573 Elements of weather and climate Temperature Range of temperature Seasonal temperature pattern Rainfall Overall rainfall Seasonal distribution of rainfall

More information

Global warming and Extremes of Weather. Prof. Richard Allan, Department of Meteorology University of Reading

Global warming and Extremes of Weather. Prof. Richard Allan, Department of Meteorology University of Reading Global warming and Extremes of Weather Prof. Richard Allan, Department of Meteorology University of Reading Extreme weather climate change Recent extreme weather focusses debate on climate change Can we

More information

Day 1 of Global Warming. Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings

Day 1 of Global Warming. Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Day 1 of Global Warming Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings The Atmosphere Atmosphere = the thin layer (1/100 th of Earth s diameter) of gases that surrounds

More information

PHYSICAL SCIENCE SPRING FINAL REVIEW GUIDE

PHYSICAL SCIENCE SPRING FINAL REVIEW GUIDE PHYSICAL SCIENCE SPRING FINAL REVIEW GUIDE 1. Draw a diagram to show the position of the Earth (include axis) and sun during the N. Hemisphere: a. Winter b. Spring 2. What times of year do the Sun s rays

More information

Table of Contents. Chapter: Atmosphere. Section 1: Earth's Atmosphere. Section 2: Energy Transfer in the Atmosphere. Section 3: Air Movement

Table of Contents. Chapter: Atmosphere. Section 1: Earth's Atmosphere. Section 2: Energy Transfer in the Atmosphere. Section 3: Air Movement Table of Contents Chapter: Atmosphere Section 1: Earth's Atmosphere Section 2: Energy Transfer in the Atmosphere Section 3: Air Movement 1 Earth s Atmosphere Importance of the Atmosphere Earth's atmosphere

More information

The Cosmic Perspective Planetary Atmospheres: Earth and the Other Terrestrial Worlds

The Cosmic Perspective Planetary Atmospheres: Earth and the Other Terrestrial Worlds Chapter 10 Lecture The Cosmic Perspective Seventh Edition Planetary Atmospheres: Earth and the Other Terrestrial Worlds Planetary Atmospheres: Earth and the Other Terrestrial Worlds 10.1 Atmospheric Basics

More information

Give me one example of: Benthos. Diagram Upwelling. Explain a Convection Cell. What does it mean to have a high albedo?

Give me one example of: Benthos. Diagram Upwelling. Explain a Convection Cell. What does it mean to have a high albedo? The surface will reflect a lot of the sun s radiation. What does it mean to have a high albedo? Warmer, less dense materials rise while cooler more dense materials sink. Explain a Convection Cell What

More information

Weather and Climate Summary and Forecast November 2017 Report

Weather and Climate Summary and Forecast November 2017 Report Weather and Climate Summary and Forecast November 2017 Report Gregory V. Jones Linfield College November 7, 2017 Summary: October was relatively cool and wet north, while warm and very dry south. Dry conditions

More information

Climates of NYS. Definitions. Climate Regions of NYS. Storm Tracks. Climate Controls 10/13/2011. Characteristics of NYS s Climates

Climates of NYS. Definitions. Climate Regions of NYS. Storm Tracks. Climate Controls 10/13/2011. Characteristics of NYS s Climates Definitions Climates of NYS Prof. Anthony Grande 2011 Weather and Climate Weather the state of the atmosphere at one point in time. The elements of weather are temperature, air pressure, wind and moisture.

More information

Lecture Outlines PowerPoint. Chapter 20 Earth Science 11e Tarbuck/Lutgens

Lecture Outlines PowerPoint. Chapter 20 Earth Science 11e Tarbuck/Lutgens Lecture Outlines PowerPoint Chapter 20 Earth Science 11e Tarbuck/Lutgens 2006 Pearson Prentice Hall This work is protected by United States copyright laws and is provided solely for the use of instructors

More information

D) 15 N, 160 W A) prevailing wind direction

D) 15 N, 160 W A) prevailing wind direction Base your answers to questions 1 and 2 on the diagram below, which represents latitude and longitude lines on Earth. Points A through E represent locations on Earth. Arrows represent direction of rotation.

More information

Chapter 11 Case Studies and Study Guide: The Atmosphere, Weather and Climate

Chapter 11 Case Studies and Study Guide: The Atmosphere, Weather and Climate Chapter 11 Case Studies and Study Guide: The Atmosphere, Weather and Climate Case Study: The 2007 Western U.S. Freeze In January 2007, an Arctic low pressure system dipped unusually far west, causing record

More information

Unit 4 Review Guide: Weather

Unit 4 Review Guide: Weather Unit 4 Review Guide: Weather Weather: The condition of the atmosphere at a specific time and place. Freezing: To become hardened into ice or into a solid body Deposition: The change in state of matter

More information

Warm Up Vocabulary Check

Warm Up Vocabulary Check Warm Up Vocabulary Check Surface current Coriolis Effect global winds upwelling Gulf Stream deep current climate El Nino convection current continental deflection 1.The apparent curving of the path of

More information

2. Identify each of the following statements as a reference to weather or climate.

2. Identify each of the following statements as a reference to weather or climate. World Geography 3200/3202 Unit 2 Questions Name: Read Pages 54-55 1. Explain the difference between Weather and Climate. 2. Identify each of the following statements as a reference to weather or climate.

More information

UNIT 12: THE HYDROLOGIC CYCLE

UNIT 12: THE HYDROLOGIC CYCLE UNIT 12: THE HYDROLOGIC CYCLE After Unit 12 you should be able to: o Effectively use the charts Average Chemical Composition of Earth s Crust, Hydrosphere and Troposphere, Selected Properties of Earth

More information

Grade 9 Social Studies Canadian Identity. Chapter 2 Review Canada s Physical Landscape

Grade 9 Social Studies Canadian Identity. Chapter 2 Review Canada s Physical Landscape Grade 9 Social Studies Canadian Identity Chapter 2 Review Canada s Physical Landscape Name: Unit 1: Empowerment Terms (notes or textbook) 1. Core 2. Crust 3. Mantle 4. Magma 5. Continental drift 6. Plate

More information

4 Changes in Climate. TAKE A LOOK 2. Explain Why is more land exposed during glacial periods than at other times?

4 Changes in Climate. TAKE A LOOK 2. Explain Why is more land exposed during glacial periods than at other times? Name Class CHAPTER 17 Date Climate SECTION 4 Changes in Climate National Science Education Standards BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: ES 1k, 2a

More information

Answer Key for Practice Test #2

Answer Key for Practice Test #2 Answer Key for Practice Test #2 Section 1. Multiple-choice questions. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Mark your choice on the optical scan sheet. 1.

More information

Chapter 4. Understanding the Weather. Weather is short-term and caused by various air and ocean circulations

Chapter 4. Understanding the Weather. Weather is short-term and caused by various air and ocean circulations Video: Meteorologist Paul Douglas April 2013 Understanding the Weather Weather is short-term and caused by various air and ocean circulations There are natural climate cycle that cause large climate changes

More information

Which graph best shows the relationship between intensity of insolation and position on the Earth's surface? A) B) C) D)

Which graph best shows the relationship between intensity of insolation and position on the Earth's surface? A) B) C) D) 1. The hottest climates on Earth are located near the Equator because this region A) is usually closest to the Sun B) reflects the greatest amount of insolation C) receives the most hours of daylight D)

More information

SAVING SHARK BAY SAVING SHARK BAY FACT!

SAVING SHARK BAY SAVING SHARK BAY FACT! Shark Bay in Western Australia is a World Heritage site by Sally Newman, 3F Last September holidays, I visited Shark Bay with my family. I believe it is one of many special areas in Australia that we need

More information

Water in the Atmosphere The Role of Water in Earth s Surface Processes. Hurricane Warning

Water in the Atmosphere The Role of Water in Earth s Surface Processes. Hurricane Warning Hurricane Warning 1 Earth, the lue Planet. What makes Earth blue? It has to do with all of the water on Earth. There is water in more places than the vast oceans. Water is also in the atmosphere. High

More information

Week: Dates: 3/2 3/20 Unit: Climate

Week: Dates: 3/2 3/20 Unit: Climate clementaged.weebly.com Name: EVEN Period: Week: 28 30 Dates: 3/2 3/20 Unit: Climate Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday 2 O 3 E *Vocabulary *Water in the Atmosphere and Clouds Notes *Cloud Drawings

More information