1 CoCoRaHS Community Collaborative Rain, Hail, & Snow Network Ashley Wolf Meteorologist NWS Green Bay Northeast Wisconsin CoCoRaHS Coordinator
2 What is CoCoRaHS Who, What, Where and Whys of CoCoRaHS
3 What? CoCoRaHS stands for the Community Collaborative Rain, Hail and Snow Network. It is a non profit, community based network of volunteers of all ages and backgrounds working together to measure and map precipitation. Our goal is to provide the highest quality data for natural resource, education and research applications by using low cost tools, providing accessible training and education, and utilizing an interactive website. We are now in all fifty states and expanding into Canada!
4 Why: Rain and Snow is HIGHLY Localized Dry Rain
5 Filling in the Gaps!
6 Filling in the Gaps! Precipitation did not fall at rainfall reporting sites no rainfall amounts observed!
7 Where? History of CoCoRaHS
8 Where? A flash flood, resulting from a highly localized intense rain storm, hit areas of Fort Collins, Colorado in 1997 Later analysis showed that 14 inches of rain fell in southwest portions of Fort Collins (where the flooding originated). Only 2 inches fell 4 miles east of the flooded area where the Fort Collins observation site was located The flash flooding on Spring Creek caused $2 Million in damage and killed 5 people. Major structures, including Colorado State University, suffered widespread damage.
9 Where: The Fort Collins Flood Lack of data points in the area resulted in missed lifesaving warnings as forecasters were unaware of the localized intense rainfall and thus, were surprised by the flash flooding. This event helped point out the need for volunteers to report weather events, track rainfall patterns, help scientists, and monitor water resources. CoCoRaHS was established in 1998 by Colorado State University in response to the Fort Collins Flooding event. In the years since, CoCoRaHS now includes thousands of volunteers nationwide.
10 Where: CoCoRaHS Locations
11 Where: CoCoRaHS Locations
12 Who uses CoCoRaHS data? Meteorologists and Hydrologists Emergency Managers City utilities (such as water supply companies) Insurance Companies Researchers Farmers Teachers Etc People in your own Community!
13 Who: The National Weather Weather Service Service
14 The National Weather Service is responsible for issuing forecasts and warnings for the protection of life and property and the enhancement of the national economy. There are 122 NWS There are 122 NWS Weather Forecast Offices Weather Forecast Offices across the country, across the country, including offices in including offices in Puerto Rico and Guam. Puerto Rico and Guam.
15 NWS in Wisconsin Five offices serve Five 72 offices counties, serve rivers, 72 and counties, marine rivers, areas of and Wisconsin. marine areas of Wisconsin. Each office has a Each Doppler office radar, has awhich Doppler gives meteorologists radar, which gives a unique meteorologists view of a storms. unique view of storms. Duluth Minneapolis MN IA La Crosse Green Bay Weather Forecast Office and Doppler radar locations Milwaukee/Sullivan
16 The Office in Green Bay Meteorologists are on Meteorologists are on duty 24 hours a day, duty 24 hours a day, monitoring the weather monitoring the weather for 22 counties in for 22 counties in northeast Wisconsin northeast Wisconsin including the bay and including the bay and nearshore waters of nearshore waters of Lake Michigan. Lake Michigan.
17 Inside the NWS The Staff Our NWS Office: Meteorologist in Charge Admin Assistant Warning Coordination Met. Science and Training Met. Electronic Systems Analyst Observations Program Leader 9 Forecasters 4 Forecaster Assistants 2 Electronics Techs Information Technology Officer
18 Inside the NWS What We Do Weather Observations: Surface Upper Air Types of Forecasts: Public Aviation Marine Severe Weather Hydrologic Fire Weather Other Activities: Public Outreach Research
19 CoCoRaHS reports are used often by NWS meteorologists to provide additional information in data-sparse areas or during highly variable events (such as snow). CoCoRaHS reports are also used for research purposed, storm reports and warnings, and are even included in short term weather models. In general: we NEVER can have too many observations! If you have one, we will take it! 3 inches of snow in the past hour? That s significant, thank you so much for the report!
20 Who can be a CoCoRaHS observer? Another 0.5 inches of new snow!? Will spring EVER arrive in Wisconsin?
21 ANYONE! As long as you have an interest in weather and about 5 minutes in the morning, YOU could be the next General Public Schools 4H Botanical Gardens Farmers and Ranchers CoCoRaHS reporter.
22 Necessary Equipment: Everything needed to be a Precipitation Reporter
23 4 inch Rain Gauge A place to mount the gauge Necessary Equipment
24 Necessary Equipment 4 inch Rain Gauge A place to mount the gauge Snowboard (Weighted white piece of plywood) A marker so you don t lose your snowboard in the snow
25 Necessary Equipment 4 inch Rain Gauge A place to mount the gauge Snowboard A marker so you don t lose your snowboard in the snow Yard stick or ruler for snow and hail measuring Now you have all the tools you need to be a volunteer precipitation reporter!
26 Necessary Equipment Q: I already have an automatic rain gauge, can I use this to report precipitation? A: The 4inch, non automatic gauge is required. The Colorado Climate Center has been involved in rain gauge studies for many years to determine the best practices for accurate weather observations, and research has shown that the automatic rain gauge can be up to 25% inaccurate. Furthermore, the automatic gauge had problems measuring snowfall. If we're all using different kinds of gauges with different abilities to catch precipitation, it's too hard to determine if differences in rain or snowfall are "real" or due to the kind of instrument that was used to report the measurement. For climate data and research applications, as well as supporting the "NowCasting" goals of NOAA, we encourage you to use the 4" diameter high capacity manual rain gauge for CoCoRaHS.
27 Reporting for CoCoRaHS
28 Rain 24 hour Total Snow 24 hour Total, Depth Hail Size Significant Weather Report these elements every morning around 7AM Report these elements AS SOON as possible after they occur!
29 Ways to report: Remarks are not required but are welcome. Allows you to input any weather information you would like to include! Winds? Snow and Rain Mix? Thunderstorm Yesterday? Fog occurring? Online forms
30 Online forms Ways to report:
31 Online forms Ways to report:
32 Ways to report on the Go! Mobile app!
33 Reporting for CoCoRaHS: Common Mistakes Anything you report can and will be held against you!
34 Mistake #1: Gauge Sighting
35 Mistake #1: Gauge Sighting Placing your gauge under a tree will block falling precipitation, resulting in lower precipitation than what really fell Putting your gauge next to your house will also block falling precipitation, especially wind driven snow Sighting your gauge on a solid fence will cause lower or higher amounts
36 Examples of Good Gauge Sighting
37 Mistake #2: Measuring Measure rainfall to the nearest hundredth and don t round! If you have 0.57 of new rain, report the exact measurement and not counts as a report. We want to know where it DIDN T rain in addition to where it did. So don t forget to report your zeros! The dreaded meniscus:
38 Mistake #2: Measuring Measure rainfall to the nearest hundredth and don t round! If you have 0.57 of new rain, report the exact measurement and not counts as a report. We want to know where it DIDN T rain in addition to where it did. So don t forget to report your zeros! The dreaded meniscus: Read the measurement at the BOTTOM of the meniscus curve As water fills up the measuring tube, a curved surface is formed called a meniscus. It is formed by the surface tension of a liquid in contact with the sides of the tube.
39 Mistake #3: Snow depth New snow Snow Depth: The measurement of snow that is on the ground, new and old Snow DEPTH New Snow: The amount of that fell in the past 24 hours on your snowboard NEW snow
40 Mistake #4: Measuring snow in windy conditions Windy conditions may create a situation where the amount of snow in the gauge or on the board is not representative of what fell on the ground (blowing and drifting) What you measure here is going to be different than what measure here! Best way to deal with this is to take numerous snow measurements in the area and report the average.
41 Mistake #5: Marble Size Hail Marbles come in various sizes and is non specific when reporting hail. Try instead to compare the size to a coin or ball (IE: golf ball, softball)
42 Concepts in Severe Storm Spotting 2013 NOAA National Weather Service Green Bay Building a Weather Ready Wisconsin 42
43 Mistake #6: I Need to report EVERY morning to be an observer If you cant report every day, you can still sign up to be part of the CoCoRaHS network. As we said before, we can never have enough observations, so its okay if you don t have time every morning WE LL TAKE IT!
44 Reporting for CoCoRaHS: Common Mistakes Through proper training, avoiding common mistakes, and using your best judgment, it is easy to report accurate observations!
45 Okay, Sign me up! (How to Join)
46 Slideshows and videos are available online for free to train you how to take accurate rain, snow, and hail measurement
48 Purchase your 4inch rain gauge if you do not already have one
49 After you have completed the training and have your equipment, you are ready to join the CoCoRaHS network!
50 After filling out the online application, your state or local coordinator will contact you with further information and your station ID and you are ready to report!
51 Just sign in and submit your daily information
52 In Summary CoCoRaHS volunteers are essential to not only meteorologists and researchers, but members of your own community Observations enhance the warning process, which could save lives Helps farmers and ranchers, which could save valuable crops and cattle Future research involving your observations may aid in projects in your town (such as wind farms, water supply, etc..) After purchasing a 4inch rain gauge and completing some online training, you are ready to report precipitation observations 24 rain and snowfall Snow Depth Hail Significant Weather With training, experience, and using your best judgment your morning observations will make a big impact!
53 Thank You! We want to thank you in advance for any and all support you provide to the National Weather Service and our products. It is technology AND people makes the forecast and warning process successful!
NJ Community Collaborative Rain, Hail and Snow Network Mathieu Gerbush NJ Assistant State Climatologist/Climate Services Co-CoCoRaHS Coordinator NJ Agricultural Experiment Station School of Environmental
National Weather Service Greenville-Spartanburg, Forecast Office CoCoRaHS Presentation: NC CERT Conference May, 2017 Introduction- who we are. Federal Agency Within the U.S. Dept. of Commerce Introduction-
Photo: Kristy Johnson Training Slide Show Because every drop counts! V10.1 What is CoCoRaHS? CoCoRaHS is a national grassroots, non-profit, community-based, high-density precipitation network...... made
National Weather Service Flood Forecast Needs: Improved Rainfall Estimates Weather Forecast Offices Cleveland and Northern Indiana Ohio River Forecast Center Presenter: Sarah Jamison, Service Hydrologist
Spatial Optimization of CoCoRAHS Network in Tennessee Joanne Logan Department of Biosystems Engineering and Soil Science University of Tennessee Abstract CoCoRaHS (Community Collaborative Rain, Hail and
Community Collaborative RAin, Hail and Snow network CoCoRaHS http://ks.cocorahs.org An observer s guide to measuring and reporting precipitation data! Equipment Each volunteer participating in CoCoRaHS
Snow Measurement Guidelines for National Weather Service Snow Spotters National Weather Service Forecast Office Northern Indiana October 2004 Table of Contents Introduction 3 Definitions.. 3 Relaying Real
Introduction To CoCoRaHS CoCoRaHS is a grassroots, non-profit, communitybased, high density precipitation network made up of volunteers of all backgrounds and ages who take daily measurements of precipitation
J2.2 THE COMMUNITY COLLABORATIVE RAIN, HAIL AND SNOW NETWORK (COCORAHS) A GREAT WAY TO LEARN AND TEACH ABOUT OUR CLIMATE Henry W. Reges*, Robert C. Cifelli, and Nolan J. Doesken. CoCoRaHS/Colorado State
LIVE INTERACTIVE LEARNING @ YOUR DESKTOP Citizen Science Networks Presented by: Henry Reges and James Zdrojewski October 12, 2011 CoCoRaHS Because every drop counts What is CoCoRaHS? An overview CoCoRaHS
Severe Weather Watches, Advisories & Warnings Tornado Watch Issued by the Storm Prediction Center when conditions are favorable for the development of severe thunderstorms and tornadoes over a larger-scale
Utah Snow Training Snow Because every drop counts! Vl Volunteers report tthi their dil daily observations on our interactive web site: http://www.cocorahs.org You will need: 1- A CoCoRaHS C 4-inch rain
III. Section 3.3 Vertical air motion can cause severe storms http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nxwbr60tflg&feature=relmfu A. Thunderstorms form from rising moist air Electrical charges build up near the tops
C H A P T E R 5 Proximity LESSON ONE Colorado Needs Rain! LESSON TWO Neighborhoods LESSON THREE Rainfall LESSON FOUR A Method of a Different Color LESSON FIVE Digging for Answers Chapter 5 Review 276 HOW
Local Precipitation Variability Precipitation from one storm can vary from neighborhood to neighborhood. What falls in your yard may not fall in the next. The next time it rains see how the precipitation
Weather Access Bob Glancy NOAA National Weather Service, Boulder, CO Near Cedar Point, CO May 9, 2004 Weather can change quickly...are you on top of the changes? National Weather Service Local offices:
Utah Rain Training Rain Because every drop counts! What Is CoCoRaHS? CoCoRaHS is a grassroots, non-profit, community-based, high-density h it precipitation it ti network made up of volunteers of all backgrounds
3.6 THE COMMUNITY COLLABORATIVE RAIN, HAIL AND SNOW NETWORK (COCORAHS) INFORMAL ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE IN THE COMMUNITY: WHAT CAN WE ACCOMPLISH? Henry W. Reges, Nolan J. Doesken and Julian Turner CoCoRaHS/Colorado
Severe Weather People need to know what the weather is going to do. Sometimes severe weather can happen. Severe weather can cause property damage, injuries to people and animals, and even loss of life.
CASA WX DFW URBAN DEMONSTRATION NETWORK Goals Background on Regional CASA WX Project Explain the capabilities, structure of the Radar Network Present the CASA WX DFW Test Bed will be rolled out Describe
Complete Weather Intelligence for Public Safety from DTN September 2017 White Paper www.dtn.com / 1.800.610.0777 From flooding to tornados to severe winter storms, the threats to public safety from weather-related
Weather and Climate 1 affect = to have an effect on, influence, change altitude = the height of a place above the sea axis = the line around which an object rotates certain = special consist of = to be
Applications/Users for Improved S2S Forecasts Nolan Doesken Colorado Climate Center Colorado State University WSWC Precipitation Forecasting Workshop June 7-9, 2016 San Diego, CA First -- A short background
CoCoRaHS Citizens monitoring precipitation in their backyards... filling in the gaps What Is CoCoRaHS?? CoCoRaHS is a grassroots, non-profit, community-based, high-density precipitation network made up
The Hydrologic Cycle: How Do River Forecast Centers Measure the Parts? Greg Story Meteorologist National Weather Service Fort Worth, TX Overview n Introduction What is the mission of an RFC? n The Hydrologic
NWS Resources For Public Works August 28th, 2016 Shawn DeVinny email@example.com Meteorologist National Weather Service Twin Cities/Chanhassen, MN 1 APWA 2016 PWX 8/28/2016 National Weather Service
P1.24A COCO RAHS COMMUNITY COLLABORATIVE RAIN AND HAIL STUDY Nolan J. Doesken 1 Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 1. INTRODUCTION 1 The Community Collaborative Rain and Hail Study (CoCo RaHS)
Community Collaborative Rain, Hail and Snow Network www.cocorahs.org AN OBSERVER S GUIDE TO MEASURING AND REPORTING PRECIPITATION DATA OTHER RESOURCES Additional Training Information Check the FAQ/Help
January 2016 February 9, 2016 This was a dry month across the HSA despite one large and several smaller snowfalls. Most locations ended up 1-2 inches below normal for the month. The driest locations at
CoCoRaHS Condition Monitoring CISA Carolinas Integrated Sciences & Assessments CISA works with a variety of stakeholders across North and South Carolina to incorporate climate information into water, public
ARKANSAS CoCoRaHS Spring, 2013 Arkansas Natural Resources Commission 101 E. Capitol, Suite 350, Little Rock, Arkansas, 72201, Phone: (501) 682-3960 ARKANSAS COCORAHS COORDINATORS Michael J. Borengasser,
What we are trying to accomplish during the winter season Safety first None of this is worth getting hurt over. Change your observation time if you delay your normal observation for safety reasons. Accuracy
National Weather Service Session: Building a Weather-Ready Wisconsin WEMA Conference October 11, 2017 Jeff Last National Weather Service Green Bay Today s Presentation NWSChat in EM Operations The June
Transactions of the Missouri Academy of Science, Volume 43 (2009), pp. 1 12 CoCoRaHs in Missouri: Four Years Later, the Importance of Observations John. T. Moon III 1,2, Patrick E. Guinan 1,2, David J.
NOAA s Basic Concepts of Severe Storm Spotting Ron Riemersma 2012 Rusty Kapela Milwaukee/Sullivan www.weather.gov/mkx firstname.lastname@example.org Housekeeping Duties How many new spotters? - first spotter class
Communicating uncertainty from short-term to seasonal forecasting MAYBE NO YES Jay Trobec KELO-TV Sioux Falls, South Dakota USA TV weather in the US Most TV weather presenters have university degrees and
Southern New England CoCoRaHS Newsletter Winter 2010 Because Every Drop Counts Welcome!!! This is the third newsletter for CoCoRaHS observers in southern New England (Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Rhode
What s New in the NWS? Georgia Association of Floodplain Management Lans P. Rothfusz Meteorologist in Charge Peachtree City, GA 27 March 2012 Overview Summer Outlook Radar future is here! CoCoRAHS Appeal
NWS FORM E-5 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE I HYDRO SERVICE AREA NOAA, NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE I Indianapolis, IN. 1-------------------- MONTHLY REPORT OF RIVER AND FLOOD CONDITIONSI REPORT FOR I November
Advanced Spotter Training 2009 Welcome! Lesson 1: Introduction and Why Spotters are Important Introduction This course is intended to advance the basic training given by the National Weather Service (NWS).
SIGNIFICANT EVENTS Severe Storms November 1994 On Nov. 1, 1994, high winds gusted over 60 mph at times across the northwest third of Ohio. The highest measured wind gust was 63 mph at Columbus Grove (Putnam).
Carolina CoCoRaHS SUMMER 2017 Hurricane Matthew in South Carolina H urricane Matthew was the first South Carolina hurricane landfall since Hurricane Charley and Gaston came ashore in 2004. It made landfall
WEATHER BYU Merit Badge Pow Wow Official Merit Badge Worksheet New 2014 Requirements Scout s Name: Instructor s Name: Scout s Address: City State Zip: Instructions 1. The Scout is to review the merit badge
SKYWARN Reporting via Ham Radio MSUARC, April 10, 2018 Bill Call, KJ4W with assistance from Christine Wielgos, NWS Topics What is SKYWARN? How to Select a Good Vantage Point, if Mobile What Phenomena Are
New Hampshire State Climate Office Dr. Mary D. Stampone, State Climatologist University of New Hampshire c/o Department of Geography 73 Main Street Durham, NH 03824 Phone: 603-862-3136 Fax: 603-862-4362
Flood Forecasting Methods and Models Calgary, Alberta February 19, 2014 Why Am I Here? Why Am I Here? It s Winter Olympics time! Colorado is the home of such athletes as Lindsey Vonn, Todd Lodwick, Mikaela
CoCoRaHS Because every drop counts! TRAINING MANUAL www.cocorahs.org TABLE OF CONTENTS GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE COCORAHS NETWORK 3 INSTRUCTIONS FOR MOUNTING YOUR RAIN GAUGE 5 INSTRUCTIONS FOR MOUNTING
Building A Weather-Ready Nation Steve Runnels National Weather Service Springfield, MO` Photo Credit: Tim Marshall 122 National Weather Service Offices NWS Offices Service Missouri and Warning Coordination
What Can Citizen Scientists Tell Us about Drought? Using CoCoRaHS to Improve the Monitoring and Reporting of Drought Impacts Amanda Farris, Kirsten Lackstrom Carolinas Integrated Sciences & Assessments
The United States is the most severe weather prone country in the world. Each year, people in this country cope with an average of 10,000 thunderstorms, 5,000 floods, 1,200 tornadoes and two landfalling
The Pennsylvania Observer April 2, 2009 March 2009 Pennsylvania Weather Recap Prepared by Curt Harpster For the month of March the saying, In like a lion and out like a lamb really fit the pattern quite
Volume 4, Number 5, February 2014 Welcome to national Severe Weather Preparedness Week. Unfortunately, Alabama had its first 2014 brush of destructive weather on Feb. 20, just one week after our most recent
Operational Perspectives on Hydrologic Model Data Assimilation Rob Hartman Hydrologist in Charge NOAA / National Weather Service California-Nevada River Forecast Center Sacramento, CA USA Outline Operational
N ew York State Agricultural Experiment S tation vnrfx* NYSAES I Publications I Latest Press Releases CORNELL U N I V E R S I T Y GENEVA NEW YORK. 100 Years of New York Weather August 16th, 2000 CONTACT:
GEOL 0820 Ramsey Natural Disasters Spring, 2018 LECTURE #15: Thunderstorms & Lightning Hazards Date: 1 March 2018 (lecturer: Dr. Shawn Wright) I. Severe Weather Hazards focus for next few weeks o somewhat
United States Multi-Hazard Early Warning System Saving Lives Through Partnership Lynn Maximuk National Weather Service Director, Central Region Kansas City, Missouri America s s Weather Enterprise: Protecting
Weather Merit Badge Workbook This workbook is not required but is designed to help you with this merit badge. No one can add or subtract from the Boy Scout Requirements #33215. Use page backs & add pages
SAMPLE SITE SPECIFIC WEATHER ANALYSIS Wind Report PREPARED FOR: Robinson, Smith & Walsh John Smith July 1, 2017 REFERENCE: JACK HIGGINS / 4151559-01 1 Maple Street, Houston, TX 77034 CompuWeather Sample
Tornadoes Student Activity Book I. Introduction Have you ever seen a tornado? Hopefully, it was in a video on television. Each year as many as 1000 tornadoes may occur in the United States. Their destruction
Unit 4 This unit will enable you to improve coordination and communication with State and local agencies when hazardous weather threatens. In this unit we will discuss the role of Emergency Managers in
Weather Compass Webquest: Lab/Activity Edition www.weathercompass.webs.com 1 Name: Date: Welcome to the Weather Compass Webquest: Activity/Lab Edition. This webquest was created by the National Oceanic
Chapter 1 The Rain Gauge On top of a No Parking sign outside Centennial Middle School in Boulder, Colorado, there is a plastic cylinder. Inside the cylinder is a smaller cylinder with a funnel at the top.
Introduction Weather can change from minute to minute, hour to hour, day to day, or season to season. Meteorologists are scientists who study Earth s atmosphere in order to predict these changes. Meteorologists
Kentucky Weather Hazards: What is Your Risk? Stuart A. Foster State Climatologist for Kentucky 2010 Kentucky Weather Conference Bowling Green, Kentucky January 16, 2010 Perspectives on Kentucky s Climate
CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION BY MEANS OF PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP TO ESTABLISH EARLY WARNING SYSTEM By: Dr Mamadou Lamine BAH, National Director Direction Nationale de la Meteorologie (DNM), Guinea President,
Condition Monitoring: A New System for Drought Impacts Reporting through CoCoRaHS Amanda Farris Carolinas Integrated Sciences & Assessments (CISA) University of South Carolina WERA 1012 Annual Conference
WHAT IS WEATHER? Weather tells us what the outside air is like. There are Why did the woman go outside with her purse open? She thought there was going to be some change in the weather! many kinds of weather,
Let s Talk Climate! Nolan Doesken Colorado Climate Center Colorado State University Yampatika Seminar February 16, 2011 Steamboat Springs, Colorado First -- A short background In 1973 the federal government
Winter 2017-2018 CoCoRaHS: Hello one and all, Here is your quarterly Colorado CoCoRaHS newsletter from your friendly state coordinator: Winter can be cold, and the short days can wear on us all. I ve been
WATCH mode READ EVERY 15 MINUTES on 146.94 Repeater Is the frequency in use? (to break into a conversation, use the Proword SKYWARN ) National Weather Service San Antonio/Austin. All SKYWARN spotters are
CHAPTER 13 WEATHER ANALYSIS AND FORECASTING MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS 1. The atmosphere is a continuous fluid that envelops the globe, so that weather observation, analysis, and forecasting require international
Newsletter December 2009 Welcome! This is the first monthly newsletter for CoCoRaHS observers in Mississippi. Each monthly newsletter will typically feature state network updates, weather summaries over
4930 Research Drive Huntsville, AL 35805 (256)-881-8811 www.baronweather.com FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE BARON END-TO-END HYDROLOGICAL MODELING SOLUTION NOW AVAILABLE IN NEW BARON LYNX DISPLAY Powerful scientific
13.2 USING VIRTUAL GLOBES TO IMPROVE SITUATIONAL AWARENESS IN THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE Andy Foster* National Weather Service Springfield, Missouri* Keith Stellman National Weather Service Shreveport,
Village Weather, Snow, Ice, Breakup, Flooding, Fire sites What is the weather like now in Villages?... 1 BREAKUP:... 2 Flooding... 3 Fires... 5 Weather Predictability, Weather and Ice Advisories and How
What Can Citizen Scientists Tell Us about Drought? Amanda Brennan, Kirstin Dow, Benjamin Haywood, Kirsten Lackstrom American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting January 13, 2016 New Orleans, LA Today
January 2012 February 13, 2012 An X inside this box indicates that no flooding occurred within this hydrologic service area. January 2012 continued the string of wet months this winter. Rainfall was generally
Merit Badge Workbook This workbook can help you but you still need to read the merit badge pamphlet. This Workbook can help you organize your thoughts as you prepare to meet with your merit badge counselor.
Messages of the Day November 2012 Friday, Nov. 2, 2012 CoCoRaHS WxTalk Webinar for November 2012 take place this Thursday! Weather Optics - "There are more 'bows' in the sky than just rainbows"... register
Winter Weather National Weather Service Buffalo, NY Average Seasonal Snowfall SNOWFALL = BIG IMPACTS School / government / business closures Airport shutdowns/delays Traffic accidents with injuries/fatalities
FANNIN COUNTY A.R.E.S. and R.A.C.E.S. STORM COWBOY Reference Manual SKYWARN MISSION TO LOCATE POSSIBLE THREATS TO LIFE AND PROPERTY And PROVIDE INFORMATION FROM WHICH WARNINGS CAN ISSUED TABLE OF CONTENTS
Colorado CoCoRaHS: Welcome to Fall Hello everyone, and welcome to fall in Colorado. Welcome to wearing a jacket on your way to work, and short sleeves on the way home. The leaves are changing. As I write
KANSAS CLIMATE SUMMARY April 2017 Epic Blizzard While much of the month was warmer than normal, the last week brought a return to cold, wintery weather in the western third of the state, and cold rainy
MINISTRY OF WATER RESOURCES AND METEOROLOGY DEPARTMENT OF METEOROLOGY, CAMBODIA National Report on Weather Forecasting Service Tokyo, 11-15 March 2014 Department of Meteorology, Cambodia Presentation Outline