The Scientific Revolution

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "The Scientific Revolution"

Transcription

1 Chapter 18, Section 2 The Scientific Revolution (Pages ) Setting a Purpose for Reading Think about these questions as you read: How did the Scientific Revolution change life in the 1600s? What is the scientific method and how did it change ideas about society? As you read pages in your textbook, complete this diagram to show the similarities and differences in the views of Ptolemy and Copernicus. Ptolemy Both Copernicus 352 Chapter 18, Section 2

2 The Scientific Revolution (pages ) What factors led to the growth of scientific knowledge in Europe? As you read, list the factors in the chart below. Scientific Knowledge Grows in Europe Define or describe the following term from this lesson. theory Use each of these terms that you studied earlier in a sentence that reflects the term s meaning. acupuncture (Chapter 7, Section 3) theology (Chapter 17, Section 3) Describe scientific knowledge during the Middle Ages. Chapter 18, Section 2 353

3 A Revolution in Astronomy (pages ) As you read the passage, take notes on Galileo s experiments. Think about what you have read so far about the Catholic Church. Then answer this question: Why did the Catholic Church force Galileo to withdraw many of his statements? Explain why this person is important. Kepler Define this academic vocabulary word from this lesson. revolution Use each of these terms that you studied earlier in a sentence that reflects the term s meaning. pope (Chapter 10, Section 2) heresy (Chapter 17, Section 4) 354 Chapter 18, Section 2

4 How did Galileo prove Copernicus s theory? New Scientific Discoveries (pages ) As you read, complete the chart below to identify the major discoveries in the Scientific Revolution. Use your notes to review later. Scientist Discovery Chapter 18, Section 2 355

5 Define these academic vocabulary words from this lesson. element contribute According to Newton, what force held the planets in orbit? The Triumph of Reason (pages ) Write the steps of the scientific method in the proper order in the diagram below. 356 Chapter 18, Section 2

6 Define or describe the following terms from this lesson. rationalism scientific method hypothesis Explain why this person is important. Descartes Define these academic vocabulary words from this lesson. obvious principle What is the scientific method? Chapter 18, Section 2 357

7 Now that you have read the section, write the answers to the questions that were included in Setting a Purpose for Reading at the beginning of the lesson. How did the Scientific Revolution change life in the 1600s? What is the scientific method and how did it change ideas about society? 358 Chapter 18, Section 2

8 Name Date Class VOCABULARY ACTIVITY 18-2 The Scientific Revolution: Words to Know Directions: Select a term or name to answer each question below. Write the term or name in the blank next to each question. Copernicus Descartes hypothesis rationalism Ptolemy scientific method 1. What mathematician wrote a book in which he disagreed with Ptolemy s theory about the universe? 2. What term refers to an explanation of facts that must be tested through experimentation? 3. Who summarized the fact of his own existence by the phrase, I think, therefore I am? 4. What astronomer believed that the sun and the planets moved around the earth? 5. What is the belief that reason is the chief source of knowledge? 6. What is the term for an orderly way of collecting and analyzing evidence? Building Academic Vocabulary Directions: Read the sentence below and note how the boldfaced word is used in the sentence. Next write your own sentence that has a meaning similar to the one with the boldfaced word. You may use a dictionary if you need help. Marie Lavoisier contributed to her husband s work. SECTION

9 SECTION 18-2 Name Date Class GUIDED READING ACTIVITY 18-2 The Scientific Revolution Directions: Filling in the Blanks Reading the section and completing the sentences below will help you learn more about important advances in science. Refer to your textbook to fill in the blanks. Early civilizations used (1) to solve problems in their every day lives. The ancient Greeks studied (2) to develop their (3) about how and why things happen. Because they did not (4), or test, their ideas, they often drew false conclusions. For example, (5) and the planets revolved around the (6) believed the sun, and most astronomers accepted his theory for a long time. (7) was the first science affected by the Scientific Revolution. (8) theory that the (9) Another astronomer, (10) planets move in (11) developed his own was the center of the universe., discovered that, or oval paths. (12) believed that new knowledge would come from experiments. He also improved instruments like the (13), which helped to prove others theories about the sun and planets. An English mathematician, (14), came up with the idea of gravity. Similar breakthroughs occurred in medicine and chemistry. European thinkers began to apply science to society. One of the most influential people in this area was (15) founded modern (16). Another scholar,, who (17) developed the (18), which was an organized way to collect and analyze data. 94

10 Name Date Class PEOPLE TO MEET ACTIVITY 18 The Lavoisiers Scientists Antoine and Marie-Anne Lavoisier met when Antoine worked as a tax collector with Marie-Anne s father. Science fascinated Antoine. He used the money he made as a tax collector to finance his studies. Marie-Anne married Antoine in After their marriage, she studied chemistry and art. She also learned to read English and Latin. Eventually, she drew all of the sketches in her and Antoine s scientific publications. She also translated scientific essays into French so that Antoine could read them. At that time women were not recognized as scientists. However, Antoine included Marie-Anne s name on their works. The Oxygen Theory The Lavoisiers developed a theory about how substances burn called the oxygen theory. They combined their work with the discoveries and theories of other scientists. Combining theories this way needed a new way of thinking about chemical elements, which led to the development of modern chemistry. Directions: Answer the questions below in the spaces provided. 1. Why did Antoine include Marie-Anne s name on their works? 2. Why were the Lavoisiers important? 3. Writing The Lavoisiers worked as a scientific team. Have you ever worked as part of a team? Write a paragraph explaining what qualities you think make good team members. Marie-Anne and Antoine Lavoisier Their studies came to an abrupt end during the French Revolution. All of the tax collectors were arrested by those who had revolted against the government. Even though Antoine had treated his tax district well, he was beheaded in Marie-Anne remained an active part of the scientific community. Antoine Lavoisier is now known as the Father of Modern Chemistry. CHAPTER 18 73

11 Name Date Class TIME LINE ACTIVITY 18 The Scientific Revolution (A.D ) Directions: Use your textbook and the information in the time line to answer the questions in the spaces provided Copernicus writes about heavenly spheres 1543 Vesalius publishes On the Structure of the Human Body 1609 Kepler publishes his first two laws of planetary motion 1632 Galileo publishes his work supporting Copernicus 1687 Newton publishes his laws about the motion of objects 1777 Lavoisier proves that materials need oxygen to burn Hooke publishes a book about cells 1593 Galileo invents a water thermometer 1628 Harvey publishes a book on heart and blood 1662 Boyle s Law about the pressure of gases is published Background During the 1500s, Europeans began to break with the old scientific ideas. They began to observe, experiment, and reason to find new knowledge. This new way of thinking led to a revolution in the way Europeans understood science and the search for knowledge. 1. Which scientists studied the motion, or movements, of planets? 2. Who discovered cells? 3. Which scientists studied human anatomy? 4. Which scientists studied gases? CHAPTER 18 75

Enlightenment and Revolution. Section 1

Enlightenment and Revolution. Section 1 Main Idea Ch 5.1-- The Scientific Revolution New ways of thinking led to remarkable discoveries during the Scientific Revolution. Content Statement 5 /Learning Goal (Ch 5-1) Describe how the Scientific

More information

Name Class Date. Ptolemy alchemy Scientific Revolution

Name Class Date. Ptolemy alchemy Scientific Revolution Name Class Date The Scientific Revolution Vocabulary Builder Section 1 DIRECTIONS Look up the vocabulary terms in the word bank in a dictionary. Write the dictionary definition of the word that is closest

More information

Section 5. Objectives

Section 5. Objectives Objectives Explain how new discoveries in astronomy changed the way people viewed the universe. Understand the new scientific method and how it developed. Analyze the contributions that Newton and other

More information

The Scientific Revolution

The Scientific Revolution The Scientific Revolution Consider the following. Put them in order from most true to least true. 1. That house is on fire. 2. God exists. 3. The earth moves around the sun. 4. 2 + 2 = 4 5. Michelangelo

More information

THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION

THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION REVOLUTION: a sudden, extreme, or complete change in the way people live, work, etc. (Merriam-Webster) THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION Time of advancements in math and science during

More information

Astronomy- The Original Science

Astronomy- The Original Science Astronomy- The Original Science Imagine that it is 5,000 years ago. Clocks and modern calendars have not been invented. How would you tell time or know what day it is? One way to tell the time is to study

More information

STATION #1: NICOLAUS COPERNICUS

STATION #1: NICOLAUS COPERNICUS STATION #1: NICOLAUS COPERNICUS Nicolaus Copernicus was a Polish astronomer who is best known for the astronomical theory that the Sun was near the center of the universe and that the Earth and other planets

More information

AP European History. Sample Student Responses and Scoring Commentary. Inside: Short Answer Question 4. Scoring Guideline.

AP European History. Sample Student Responses and Scoring Commentary. Inside: Short Answer Question 4. Scoring Guideline. 2017 AP European History Sample Student Responses and Scoring Commentary Inside: Short Answer Question 4 Scoring Guideline Student Samples Scoring Commentary 2017 The College Board. College Board, Advanced

More information

THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION

THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION !! The anatomy of the world John Donne (1611) New philosophy calls all in doubt The element of fire is quite put out; The sun is lost, and th Earth, and no man s wit Can well

More information

Scientific Revolution

Scientific Revolution Chapter 8 Scientific Rev Page 1 Scientific Revolution Monday, October 31, 2005 11:02 Background "Intellectual Revolution" 17th century age of genius About Ideas, not technology Science before the Scientific

More information

The Scientific Revolution,

The Scientific Revolution, The Scientific Revolution, 1500-1800 1800 SC/STS 3760 (6.00) York University Faculty of Science and Engineering Science & Technology Studies Program Course Director: Professor Byron Wall Office: Room 218,

More information

Observing the Solar System 20-1

Observing the Solar System 20-1 Observing the Solar System 20-1 Ancient Observations The ancient Greeks observed the sky and noticed that the moon, sun, and stars seemed to move in a circle around the Earth. It seemed that the Earth

More information

Imprisoned For the Truth

Imprisoned For the Truth Imprisoned For the Truth Written by Boey Good day, my name is Galileo Galilei, and I'm not in a very good mood because I don't have much freedom. Read on and find out why. I was born in 1564, February

More information

Earth Science Lesson Plan Quarter 4, Week 5, Day 1

Earth Science Lesson Plan Quarter 4, Week 5, Day 1 Earth Science Lesson Plan Quarter 4, Week 5, Day 1 Outcomes for Today Standard Focus: Earth Sciences 1.d students know the evidence indicating that the planets are much closer to Earth than are the stars

More information

The Scientific Revolution

The Scientific Revolution Scientific inventions helped humans better understand the world around them. CHAPTER The Scientific Revolution 34.1 Introduction In the last chapter, you read about the Age of Exploration. You learned

More information

How Kepler discovered his laws

How Kepler discovered his laws How Kepler discovered his laws A. Eremenko December 17, 2016 This question is frequently asked on History of Science and Math, by people who know little about astronomy and its history, so I decided to

More information

THE SCIENTIST CFE 3293V

THE SCIENTIST CFE 3293V THE SCIENTIST CFE 3293V OPEN-CAPTIONED BARR MEDIA GROUP 1993 Grade Levels: 12-13+ 57 minutes DESCRIPTION Focuses on the Renaissance Era, a time when scientists strove to search for knowledge about the

More information

2 THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION IN ENGLAND AND EUROPE, Lesson Title: The Scientific Revolution in England and Europe,

2 THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION IN ENGLAND AND EUROPE, Lesson Title: The Scientific Revolution in England and Europe, 2 THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION IN ENGLAND AND EUROPE, 1500-1700 FOR TEACHERS Lesson Title: The Scientific Revolution in England and Europe, 1500-1700 Area of Learning: states of affairs; change Aims: Pupils

More information

The Birth of Astronomy. Lecture 3 1/24/2018

The Birth of Astronomy. Lecture 3 1/24/2018 The Birth of Astronomy Lecture 3 1/24/2018 Fundamental Questions of Astronomy (life?) What is the shape of the Earth? How big is the planet we live on? Why do the stars move across the sky? Where is Earth

More information

Astronomy Our Solar System and Beyond Expanding Science Skills Series

Astronomy Our Solar System and Beyond Expanding Science Skills Series Our Solar System and Beyond Expanding Science Skills Series By DON POWERS, Ph.D., and john B. Beaver, Ph.D. Consultants: Schyrlet Cameron and Carolyn Craig COPYRIGHT 2010 Mark Twain Media, Inc. ISBN 978-1-58037-961-8

More information

Physics 40 1-D Kinematics

Physics 40 1-D Kinematics Physics 40 1-D Kinematics Physics 40 IS Classical Mechanics! Study of the motion of objects and mechanical systems that are large relative to atoms and move at speeds much slower than the speed of light.

More information

Evidence that the Earth does not move: Greek Astronomy. Aristotelian Cosmology: Motions of the Planets. Ptolemy s Geocentric Model 2-1

Evidence that the Earth does not move: Greek Astronomy. Aristotelian Cosmology: Motions of the Planets. Ptolemy s Geocentric Model 2-1 Greek Astronomy Aristotelian Cosmology: Evidence that the Earth does not move: 1. Stars do not exhibit parallax: 2-1 At the center of the universe is the Earth: Changeable and imperfect. Above the Earth

More information

Motions of the Planets ASTR 2110 Sarazin

Motions of the Planets ASTR 2110 Sarazin Motions of the Planets ASTR 2110 Sarazin Motion of Planets Retrograde Motion Inferior Planets: Mercury, Venus Always near Sun on Sky Retrograde motion when very close to Sun on sky (Every other time) Superior

More information

The Scientific Method

The Scientific Method Chapter 1 The Scientific Method http://www.mhhe.com/physsci/physical/bookpage/ Chapter 1 Outline: Main Ideas Scientists make science work The Scientific Method Science is a process Exploring Nature An

More information

Chapter. Origin of Modern Astronomy

Chapter. Origin of Modern Astronomy Chapter Origin of Modern Astronomy 22.1 Early Astronomy Ancient Greeks Astronomy is the science that studies the universe. It includes the observation and interpretation of celestial bodies and phenomena.

More information

Unit 6 Lesson 1 How Do the Sun, Earth, and Moon Interact? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 6 Lesson 1 How Do the Sun, Earth, and Moon Interact? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Unit 6 Lesson 1 How Do the Sun, Earth, and Moon Interact? Night and Day Earth rotates, or turns like a top. Earth s rotation causes day and night. Earth rotates around an imaginary line called an axis,

More information

Chapter 18: Studying Space Astronomy: The Original Science

Chapter 18: Studying Space Astronomy: The Original Science Chapter 18: Studying Space 18.1 Astronomy: The Original Science What is Astronomy? Astronomy is the study of the universe People in ancient cultures used the seasonal cycles of the stars, planets, and

More information

Chapter 16 Astronomy Study Guide. VOCABULARY WORDS TO KNOW geocentric system meteorite meteoroid

Chapter 16 Astronomy Study Guide. VOCABULARY WORDS TO KNOW geocentric system meteorite meteoroid NAME: Period: asteroid asteroid belt comet ellipse force Galilean moons gas giants Chapter 16 Astronomy Study Guide VOCABULARY WORDS TO KNOW geocentric system meteorite gravity meteoroid greenhouse effect

More information

Chapter 3 The Science of Astronomy

Chapter 3 The Science of Astronomy Chapter 3 The Science of Astronomy 3.1 The Ancient Roots of Science Our goals for learning: In what ways do all humans employ scientific thinking? How did astronomical observations benefit ancient societies?

More information

Introduction to the Solar System

Introduction to the Solar System Introduction to the Solar System Say Thanks to the Authors Click http://www.ck12.org/saythanks (No sign in required) To access a customizable version of this book, as well as other interactive content,

More information

1.02 Scientific Method

1.02 Scientific Method 1.02 Scientific Method Dr. Fred O. Garces Chemistry 100 Miramar College 1 Science and the meaning of life Ever since humans had the ability to think and reason, they have been trying to answer some basic

More information

Kepler s Laws Simulations

Kepler s Laws Simulations Kepler s Laws Simulations Goto: http://csep10.phys.utk.edu/guidry/java/kepler/kepler.html 1. Observe the speed of the planet as it orbits around the Sun. Change the speed to.50 and answer the questions.

More information

Earth Science, 11e. Origin of Modern Astronomy Chapter 21. Early history of astronomy. Early history of astronomy. Early history of astronomy

Earth Science, 11e. Origin of Modern Astronomy Chapter 21. Early history of astronomy. Early history of astronomy. Early history of astronomy 2006 Pearson Prentice Hall Lecture Outlines PowerPoint Chapter 21 Earth Science 11e Tarbuck/Lutgens This work is protected by United States copyright laws and is provided solely for the use of instructors

More information

Chapter 3 The Solar System

Chapter 3 The Solar System Name: Date: Period: Chapter 3 The Solar System Section 1 Observing the Solar System (pp. 72-77) Key Concepts What are the geocentric and heliocentric systems? How did Copernicus, Galileo, and Kepler contribute

More information

Lecture 31 Descartes s Astronomy

Lecture 31 Descartes s Astronomy Lecture 31 Descartes s Astronomy Patrick Maher Scientific Thought I Fall 2009 Descartes s objection to Ptolemy What Descartes said [16] Ptolemy s hypothesis is not in conformity with appearances. Ptolemy

More information

2X CLAUDIUS PTOLEMY BIOGRAPHY 1260L

2X CLAUDIUS PTOLEMY BIOGRAPHY 1260L 2X CLAUDIUS PTOLEMY BIOGRAPHY 1260L CLAUDIUS PTOLEMY AN EARTH-CENTERED VIEW OF THE UNIVERSE Born 85 CE Hermiou, Egypt Died 165 CE Alexandria, Egypt By Cynthia Stokes Brown The Earth was the center of the

More information

Test Bank for Life in the Universe, Third Edition Chapter 2: The Science of Life in the Universe

Test Bank for Life in the Universe, Third Edition Chapter 2: The Science of Life in the Universe 1. The possibility of extraterrestrial life was first considered A) after the invention of the telescope B) only during the past few decades C) many thousands of years ago during ancient times D) at the

More information

Next Homework Due. Feb. 20

Next Homework Due. Feb. 20 This week: Chapter 2 Required: Guided Discovery (p.44-47) Required: Astro. Toolbox 2-1 Optional: Astro. Toolbox 2-2, 2-3 Next Homework Due. Feb. 20 Office Hours: Monday, 3-4 Did you see the Lunar Eclipse?

More information

YEAR 5 EARTH AND SPACE PLANNING. History: history of astronomy

YEAR 5 EARTH AND SPACE PLANNING. History: history of astronomy YEAR 5 EARTH AND SPACE PLANNING Class: Term: Subject: Science Unit: Earth and Space Differentiation and support (Detailed differentiation in weekly plans.) SEN: Support from more able partners in mixed

More information

1. thought the earth was at the center of the solar system and the planets move on small circles that move on bigger circles

1. thought the earth was at the center of the solar system and the planets move on small circles that move on bigger circles Earth Science Chapter 20: Observing the Solar System Match the observations or discoveries with the correct scientist. Answers may be used more than once. Answers that cannot be read will be counted as

More information

Chapter 2 The Science of Life in the Universe

Chapter 2 The Science of Life in the Universe In ancient times phenomena in the sky were not understood! Chapter 2 The Science of Life in the Universe The Ancient Greeks The Scientific Method Our ideas must always be consistent with our observations!

More information

o Terms to know o Big Bang Theory o Doppler Effect o Redshift o Universe

o Terms to know o Big Bang Theory o Doppler Effect o Redshift o Universe Standard 1: Students will understand the scientific evidence that supports theories that explain how the universe and the solar system developed. They will compare Earth to other objects in the solar system.

More information

Space Notes Covers Objectives 1 & 2

Space Notes Covers Objectives 1 & 2 Space Notes Covers Objectives 1 & 2 Space Introduction Space Introduction Video Celestial Bodies Refers to a natural object out in space 1) Stars 2) Comets 3) Moons 4) Planets 5) Asteroids Constellations

More information

Ch. 3: The Solar System

Ch. 3: The Solar System 1 Ch. 3: The Solar System Brief outline: Ideas of Copernicus >> Galileo >> Kepler >> Isaac Newton This chapter discusses how the scientific contributions by Copernicus, Galileo and Kepler led to Newton's

More information

Lecture 4: Kepler and Galileo. Astronomy 111 Wednesday September 6, 2017

Lecture 4: Kepler and Galileo. Astronomy 111 Wednesday September 6, 2017 Lecture 4: Kepler and Galileo Astronomy 111 Wednesday September 6, 2017 Reminders Online homework #2 due Monday at 3pm Johannes Kepler (1571-1630): German Was Tycho s assistant Used Tycho s data to discover

More information

How and why did European science and medicine change. between 1500 and 1700?

How and why did European science and medicine change. between 1500 and 1700? How and why did European science and medicine change between 1500 and 1700? The profound transformation of science and medicine in this period is attributed to a number of factors. The increase in scientific

More information

Gravitation and the Motion of the Planets

Gravitation and the Motion of the Planets Gravitation and the Motion of the Planets 1 Guiding Questions 1. How did ancient astronomers explain the motions of the planets? 2. Why did Copernicus think that the Earth and the other planets go around

More information

History of the Periodic Table. In this lesson, you will be introduced to a variety of attempts at classifying the elements.

History of the Periodic Table. In this lesson, you will be introduced to a variety of attempts at classifying the elements. History of the Periodic Table As chemists discovered more and more elements, and learned more and more about their properties, they began to see certain patterns emerge. These patterns led to a desire

More information

Reading Preview. Models of the Universe What is a geocentric model?

Reading Preview. Models of the Universe What is a geocentric model? Section 1 Observing the Solar System 1 Observing the Solar System Objectives After this lesson, students will be able to J.3.1.1 Identify the geocentric and heliocentric systems. J.3.1.2 Recognize how

More information

Evolution of the Solar System

Evolution of the Solar System DATE DUE: Name: Ms. Terry J. Boroughs Geology 305 Section: Evolution of the Solar System Instructions: Read each question carefully before selecting the BEST answer or option. Use GEOLOGIC vocabulary where

More information

The Scientific Method

The Scientific Method The Scientific Method The scientific method: 1) propose a hypothesis (the creative part) 2) use data to test hypothesis/model (the hard work part) a hypothesis/model can never be 'proven', but can be disproved;

More information

Astronomy Lesson 8.1 Astronomy s Movers and Shakers

Astronomy Lesson 8.1 Astronomy s Movers and Shakers 8 Astronomers.notebook Astronomy Lesson 8.1 Astronomy s Movers and Shakers Aristotle 384 322 BCE Heavenly objects must move on circular paths at constant speeds. Earth is motionless at the center of the

More information

1 The Development of Atomic Theory

1 The Development of Atomic Theory CHAPTER 4 1 The Development of Atomic Theory SECTION Atoms KEY IDEAS As you read this section, keep these questions in mind: What scientists helped to develop atomic theory? What part of atoms did Thomson

More information

Chapter 4. The Origin of Modern Astronomy

Chapter 4. The Origin of Modern Astronomy Chapter 4 The Origin of Modern Astronomy Earliest Evidence 15,000 Year old Lunar Calendar Displays Moon Going Through various phases. Location: Lascaux in France The Biggest Mystery Human civilization

More information

Ch 22 Origin of Modern Astronomy Notes Ch 22.1 Early Astronomers Astronomy Astrology A. Ancient Greece B. Two Basic Theories Existed:

Ch 22 Origin of Modern Astronomy Notes Ch 22.1 Early Astronomers Astronomy Astrology A. Ancient Greece B. Two Basic Theories Existed: Ch 22 Origin of Modern Astronomy Notes Ch 22.1 Early Astronomers Astronomy: The science that studies the universe, dealing with properties of objects in space. Astrology: A belief that the positions of

More information

Ast ch 4-5 practice Test Multiple Choice

Ast ch 4-5 practice Test Multiple Choice Ast ch 4-5 practice Test Multiple Choice 1. The distance from Alexandria to Syene is about 500 miles. On the summer solstice the sun is directly overhead at noon in Syene. At Alexandria on the summer solstice,

More information

GRADE 8: Earth and space 1. UNIT 8E.1 8 hours. The Solar System. Resources. About this unit. Previous learning. Expectations

GRADE 8: Earth and space 1. UNIT 8E.1 8 hours. The Solar System. Resources. About this unit. Previous learning. Expectations GRADE 8: Earth and space 1 The Solar System UNIT 8E.1 8 hours About this unit This is the only unit on Earth and Space in Grade 8. This unit builds on work done in Grade 6 and leads into work on the wider

More information

Astronomy, PART 2. Vocabulary. A. Universe - Our Milky Way Galaxy is one of of galaxies in an expanding universe.

Astronomy, PART 2. Vocabulary. A. Universe - Our Milky Way Galaxy is one of of galaxies in an expanding universe. Astronomy, PART 2 Vocabulary Aphelion Asteroid Astronomical Unit Comet Constellation Crater Eccentricity Eclipse Equinox Geocentric model Gravitation Heliocentric model Inertia Jovian Perihelion Revolution

More information

Practice Test DeAnza College Astronomy 04 Test 1 Spring Quarter 2009

Practice Test DeAnza College Astronomy 04 Test 1 Spring Quarter 2009 Practice Test DeAnza College Astronomy 04 Test 1 Spring Quarter 2009 Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Mark answer on Scantron.

More information

By; Jarrick Serdar, Michael Broberg, Trevor Grey, Cameron Kearl, Claire DeCoste, and Kristian Fors

By; Jarrick Serdar, Michael Broberg, Trevor Grey, Cameron Kearl, Claire DeCoste, and Kristian Fors By; Jarrick Serdar, Michael Broberg, Trevor Grey, Cameron Kearl, Claire DeCoste, and Kristian Fors What is gravity? Gravity is defined as the force of attraction by which terrestrial bodies tend to fall

More information

DeAnza College Winter First Midterm Exam MAKE ALL MARKS DARK AND COMPLETE.

DeAnza College Winter First Midterm Exam MAKE ALL MARKS DARK AND COMPLETE. FAMILY NAME : (Please PRINT!) GIVEN NAME : (Please PRINT!) Signature: ASTRONOMY 4 DeAnza College Winter 2018 First Midterm Exam MAKE ALL MARKS DARK AND COMPLETE. Instructions: 1. On your Parscore sheet

More information

GRAVITY. Reading Practice

GRAVITY. Reading Practice Reading Practice GRAVITY A. Without forces of gravitation, Earth and other planets would be unable to stay in their orbits around the Sun. the Moon would be unable to orbit the Earth, tidal waves would

More information

Winward 1. Sir Isaac Newton. By Robert Winward. Physics Howard Demars

Winward 1. Sir Isaac Newton. By Robert Winward. Physics Howard Demars Winward 1 Sir Isaac Newton By Robert Winward Physics 1010 Howard Demars Winward 2 Introduction He was overly sensitive to criticism. His hair turned gray at thirty. He never married (Hewitt, 2011, p. 66).

More information

The Puzzle of Planetary Motion versus

The Puzzle of Planetary Motion versus The Puzzle of Planetary Motion versus Finding Earth s place in the Universe Observing the Planets Five of the planets are bright enough to be seen by the unaided eye. This view shows the sky after sunset

More information

Gravity. Newton s Law of Gravitation Kepler s Laws of Planetary Motion Gravitational Fields

Gravity. Newton s Law of Gravitation Kepler s Laws of Planetary Motion Gravitational Fields Gravity Newton s Law of Gravitation Kepler s Laws of Planetary Motion Gravitational Fields Simulation Synchronous Rotation https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ozib_l eg75q Sun-Earth-Moon System https://vimeo.com/16015937

More information

Name Pd. Date. Name: Pd. Date:

Name Pd. Date. Name: Pd. Date: Name: Pd. Date: Follow along with the video and answer the questions. The questions are in order of their appearance in the show. 1 What is the theory about the origin of the universe? 2 Why should the

More information

NICOLAUS COPERNICUS BIOGRAPHY 910L

NICOLAUS COPERNICUS BIOGRAPHY 910L 2 NICOLAUS COPERNICUS BIOGRAPHY 910L NICOLAUS COPERNICUS A RENAISSANCE MAN WHO STARTED A SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION Born February 19, 1473 Torun, Poland Died May 24, 1543 Frombork, Poland By Cynthia Stokes

More information

Humanities 3 V. The Scientific Revolution

Humanities 3 V. The Scientific Revolution Humanities 3 V. The Scientific Revolution Lecture 20 The Trial Of Galileo Outline The Astronomical Revolution Galileo and the Church Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina Copernican System 1543 Publication

More information

Sample Pages. Free Newsletter Sign up Today! Learn Through Experience

Sample Pages. Free  Newsletter Sign up Today! Learn Through Experience Learn Through Experience Sample Pages Sample pages from this product are provided for evaluation purposes. The entire product is available for purchase at www.socialstudies.com or www.teachinteract.com

More information

Planetary Mechanics:

Planetary Mechanics: Planetary Mechanics: Satellites A satellite is an object or a body that revolves around another body due to the gravitational attraction to the greater mass. Ex: The planets are natural satellites of the

More information

Origin of Modern Astronomy Chapter 21

Origin of Modern Astronomy Chapter 21 Origin of Modern Astronomy Chapter 21 Early history of astronomy Ancient Greeks Used philosophical arguments to explain natural phenomena Also used some observa:onal data (looking at the night sky) Ancient

More information

Chapter 112. Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Science Subchapter C. High School

Chapter 112. Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Science Subchapter C. High School Chapter 112. Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Science Subchapter C. High School Statutory Authority: The provisions of this Subchapter C issued under the Texas Education Code, 7.102(c)(4), 28.002,

More information

University system as center of orthodoxy. Authority of

University system as center of orthodoxy. Authority of University system as center of orthodoxy Authority of 1543-1687 Plato (Timaeus) Aristotle (the Organum) The Church The LORD is king, robed with majesty; the LORD is robed, girded with might. The world

More information

Cells The Units of Life

Cells The Units of Life Before You Read Before you read the chapter, respond to these statements. Write an A if you agree with the statement. Write a D if you disagree with the statement. Before You Read Bacteria are the smallest

More information

How the Greeks Used Geometry to Understand the Stars

How the Greeks Used Geometry to Understand the Stars previous index next How the Greeks Used Geometry to Understand the Stars Michael Fowler, University of Virginia 9/16/2008 Crystal Spheres: Plato, Eudoxus, Aristotle Plato, with his belief that the world

More information

Lesson 3 The Outer Planets

Lesson 3 The Outer Planets Lesson 3 Student Labs and Activities Page Launch Lab 44 Content Vocabulary 45 Lesson Outline 46 MiniLab 48 Content Practice A 49 Content Practice B 50 Language Arts Support 51 Math Skills 53 School to

More information

Matter and Atoms. The Structure of Atoms

Matter and Atoms. The Structure of Atoms CHAPTER 11 Matter and Atoms LESSON 2 The Structure of Atoms What do you think? Read the three statements below and decide whether you agree or disagree with them. Place an A in the Before column if you

More information

Newton s Three Law of Motion

Newton s Three Law of Motion Born in England on Christmas day 1643. Overview Chapter 2b Copernican Revolution Bubonic Plague 1665 While home for 2 years with nothing to do he made his most profound discoveries and proposed his most

More information

netw rks Guided Reading Activity Essential Question: How does geography influence the way people live? What Is Geography?

netw rks Guided Reading Activity Essential Question: How does geography influence the way people live? What Is Geography? Guided Reading Activity What Is Geography? Lesson 1 Thinking Like a Geographer Essential Question: How does geography influence the way people live? Directions: Read the lesson and use your textbook to

More information

Critical Thinking: Sir Isaac Newton

Critical Thinking: Sir Isaac Newton Critical Thinking: Sir Isaac Name: Date: Watch this NOVA program on while finding the answers for the following questions: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yprv1h3cgqk 1.In 19 a British Economist named

More information

Planetary Orbits: Kepler s Laws 1/18/07

Planetary Orbits: Kepler s Laws 1/18/07 Planetary Orbits: Kepler s Laws Announcements The correct link for the course webpage http://www.lpl.arizona.edu/undergrad/classes/spring2007/giacalone_206-2 The first homework due Jan 25 (available for

More information

Name Date Class. Phases of the Moon

Name Date Class. Phases of the Moon Name Date Class Chapter 1 PAGE KEELEY SCIENCE PROBES Many people have different ideas about what causes us to see different parts of the Moon (moon phases). Which idea below best matches your thinking?

More information

Vocabulary atom atomos Dalton's atomic theory law of constant composition law of definite proportions law of multiple proportions matter.

Vocabulary atom atomos Dalton's atomic theory law of constant composition law of definite proportions law of multiple proportions matter. 1.3 Early Atomic Theory Lesson Objectives The student will: define matter and explain how it is composed of building blocks known as atoms. give a short history of how the concept of the atom developed.

More information

Take a spin around the solar system

Take a spin around the solar system Teacher s Guide Solar System Dear Educator, Take a spin around the solar system for a close-up view of planets, asteroid belts, sunspots, comets, and more! While reading KIDS DISCOVER Solar System, your

More information

Early Theories. Early astronomers believed that the sun, planets and stars orbited Earth (geocentric model) Developed by Aristotle

Early Theories. Early astronomers believed that the sun, planets and stars orbited Earth (geocentric model) Developed by Aristotle Planetary Motion Early Theories Early astronomers believed that the sun, planets and stars orbited Earth (geocentric model) Developed by Aristotle Stars appear to move around Earth Observations showed

More information

Shattering the Celestial Sphere

Shattering the Celestial Sphere Shattering the Celestial Sphere Shattering the Celestial Sphere Key Concepts 1) Thomas Digges discarded the celestial sphere, advocating an infinite universe. 2) Johannes Kepler discarded epicycles, and

More information

9/12/2010. The Four Fundamental Forces of Nature. 1. Gravity 2. Electromagnetism 3. The Strong Nuclear Force 4. The Weak Nuclear Force

9/12/2010. The Four Fundamental Forces of Nature. 1. Gravity 2. Electromagnetism 3. The Strong Nuclear Force 4. The Weak Nuclear Force The Four Fundamental Forces of Nature 1. Gravity 2. Electromagnetism 3. The Strong Nuclear Force 4. The Weak Nuclear Force The Universe is made of matter Gravity the force of attraction between matter

More information

Document Analysis Worksheet: Galileo & the Moons of Jupiter

Document Analysis Worksheet: Galileo & the Moons of Jupiter 1. Type of Document (Check one) Document Analysis Worksheet: Galileo & the Moons of Jupiter Letter Diary Memoir Telegram Advertisement Newspaper Report Government document Other: 2. Date(s) of document:

More information

Critical Thinking: Sir Isaac Newton

Critical Thinking: Sir Isaac Newton Critical Thinking: Sir Isaac Name: Date: Watch this NOVA program on while finding the answers for the following questions: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yprv1h3cgqk 1.In 1936 a British Economist name

More information

Critical Thinking. 6. Earth science : astronomy :: a.changeable : solid b.subset : set c. theory : reality d.surrounding Earth : beyond Earth

Critical Thinking. 6. Earth science : astronomy :: a.changeable : solid b.subset : set c. theory : reality d.surrounding Earth : beyond Earth Skills Worksheet Critical Thinking ANALOGIES In the space provided, write the letter of the pair of terms or phrases that best complete the analogy shown. An analogy is a relationship between two pairs

More information

Origins and Formation of the Solar System

Origins and Formation of the Solar System Origins and Formation of the Solar System 312-1 Describe theories on the formation of the solar system Smash, crash and bang The solar system is big, and big things have big origins A history of ideas

More information

Pell s Equation Claire Larkin

Pell s Equation Claire Larkin Pell s Equation is a Diophantine equation in the form: Pell s Equation Claire Larkin The Equation x 2 dy 2 = where x and y are both integer solutions and n is a positive nonsquare integer. A diophantine

More information

History of Astronomy. PHYS 1411 Introduction to Astronomy. Tycho Brahe and Exploding Stars. Tycho Brahe ( ) Chapter 4. Renaissance Period

History of Astronomy. PHYS 1411 Introduction to Astronomy. Tycho Brahe and Exploding Stars. Tycho Brahe ( ) Chapter 4. Renaissance Period PHYS 1411 Introduction to Astronomy History of Astronomy Chapter 4 Renaissance Period Copernicus new (and correct) explanation for retrograde motion of the planets Copernicus new (and correct) explanation

More information

Section 25.1 Exploring the Solar System (pages )

Section 25.1 Exploring the Solar System (pages ) Name Class Date Chapter 25 The Solar System Section 25.1 Exploring the Solar System (pages 790 794) This section explores early models of our solar system. It describes the components of the solar system

More information

Galileo Galilei and Aristotle

Galileo Galilei and Aristotle Galileo Galilei and Aristotle Introduction Galileo and Aristotle were both discoverers. Both made important, but not necessarily correct discoveries, and we all know that. To find out, comparing and contrasting

More information

Chapter 2. The Rise of Astronomy. Copyright (c) The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.

Chapter 2. The Rise of Astronomy. Copyright (c) The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Chapter 2 The Rise of Astronomy Copyright (c) The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Periods of Western Astronomy Western astronomy divides into 4 periods Prehistoric

More information

Earth in Space. Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe

Earth in Space. Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe Earth in Space Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe Key Concepts What are stars? How does the Sun compare to other stars? Where is Earth located in the universe? How is the universe structured? What do you

More information

Motion. Argument: (i) Forces are needed to keep things moving, because they stop when the forces are taken away (evidence horse pulling a carriage).

Motion. Argument: (i) Forces are needed to keep things moving, because they stop when the forces are taken away (evidence horse pulling a carriage). 1 Motion Aristotle s Study Aristotle s Law of Motion This law of motion was based on false assumptions. He believed that an object moved only if something was pushing it. His arguments were based on everyday

More information

Life Science Notes Chapter 1 Exploring and Classifying Life

Life Science Notes Chapter 1 Exploring and Classifying Life Section 1.1 What is Science? Types of Science- Life Science Notes Chapter 1 Exploring and Classifying Life Life Science: Biology, Anatomy, Zoology Earth Science; Astronomy, Mineralogy, Meteorology Physical

More information

Chapter 02 The Rise of Astronomy

Chapter 02 The Rise of Astronomy Chapter 02 The Rise of Astronomy Multiple Choice Questions 1. The moon appears larger when it rises than when it is high in the sky because A. You are closer to it when it rises (angular-size relation).

More information