Unit 7 Review Guide: The Universe

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Unit 7 Review Guide: The Universe"

Transcription

1 Unit 7 Review Guide: The Universe Light Year: Unit of distance used to measure the great vastness of space. Galaxy: Large group of stars, gas, and dust held together by gravity. Spiral Galaxy: Galaxy in the shape of a giant pinwheel, with spiral arms, central bulge and a halo. Elliptical Galaxy: Galaxy in the shape of a 3-D ellipse. Irregular Galaxy: Galaxies with no obvious structure. Milky Way: Our home galaxy. Big Bang: Sudden expansion of space, which is thought to have created our universe. H-R Diagram: Diagram that graphs all the stars visible from Earth based on their temperature and luminosity. Main Sequence Stars: Average stars. Nebula: Cloud of dust and gas, from which stars are born. Protostar: Nebula which is almost a star. White Dwarf: Core that remains when a medium mass star dies. Nuetron Stars: Core that remains when a heavy (1.4 3x s the mass of the sun) star dies. Black Holes: Core that remains when a heavy (3x s the mass of the sun) star dies. Parallax Shift: Apparent shift in a star s position due to our changing view from Earth. Magnitude: Another word for brightness Apparent Magnitude: How bright a star looks from Earth. Absolute Magnitude: Measurement of the brightness of a star.

2 Practice Problems: 1. The pictures show the same stars at different times. Which hypothesis is best supported by these data? A. The stars are moving toward one another. B. The three stars are moving very fast. C. One star is moving around another star. D. The biggest star is closest to Earth. 2. A star might be much brighter than it appears to be. This is called the star s absolute magnitude. The difference in apparent magnitude and absolute magnitude is due primarily to the star s A. Surface temperature B. Motion through the universe C. diameter D. distance from the earth 3. A student sees a very bright star in the sky and thinks it might be the planet Venus. Which observation would lend support to this conclusion? A. After a few minutes, its position is relative to the surrounding has changed significantly. B. After an hour, its position relative to the horizon has changed. C. After an hour, its brightness has faded significantly. D. After a month, its position relative to the surrounding stars has changed. 4. The pole star, Polaris, is nearly stationary and straight overhead when seen from the North Pole. When viewed from the Equator, it A. Is nearly stationary and on the horizon B. Is nearly stationary and directly overhead C. rises barely above the eastern horizon, and sets in the west D. rises straight up in the east< passes directly overhead, and descends straight down in the west

3 5. Parallax can be used to measure a star s A. Distance from Earth B. Atmospheric temperature C. Gravitational strength D. Surface composition 6. What is the position of the star above the horizon? A. 35 B. 40 C. 55 D Which of these elements does this star contain? A. Mercury B. Calcium C. Sodium D. Neon

4 8. In the late 1920s, Edwin Hubble and Milton Humason determined the distance to a number of galaxies and the velocity of those galaxies relative to the Earth. The graph shows the early results that were obtained. What approximate ratio did the scientists calculate between velocity and distance based on these early findings? A. 150 kilometers per second per one million light years B. 300 kilometers per second per one million light years C. 450 kilometers per second per one million light years D. 600 kilometers per second per one million light years 9. Which image below best represents our galaxy? A. B. C. D.

5 10. What element is the main component of most stars? A. Nitrogen B. Iron C. Hydrogen D. Oxygen 11. Why do stars appear to change position in the night? A. Earth rotates on its axis B. Earth revolves around the sun C. The stars are moving away from each other D. Stars are very far away from the solar system 12. In 1912, an astronomer at Arizona s Lowell Observatory noticed that the lines in the spectra of most galaxies shifted toward the red end of the spectrum. Another American astronomer, Edwin hubble, later interpreted this discovery as evidence that A. Galaxies were once part of one huge mega galaxy. B. An explosion will one day result from the pressure building as the galaxies expand. C. Galaxies are moving away from each other in a constantly expanding universe. D. The largest galaxies are slowly engulfing their smaller neighbors 13. A light year measures A. Brightness B. Distance C. Radiation D. Time

6 14. What is the first stage in the life cycle of a star? A. Black hole B. Dwarf star C. Main-sequence star D. Stellar nebula 15. Which of these facts is the best supporting evidence that the universe is expanding A. The stars very in chemical composition. B. The galaxies are moving away from each other. C. The galaxies can spin to form eddies. D. The universe is filled with galaxies of different size. 16. Which of the above evolutionary stages of a massive star is called a supernova? A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4

Stars & Galaxies. Chapter 27 Modern Earth Science

Stars & Galaxies. Chapter 27 Modern Earth Science Stars & Galaxies Chapter 27 Modern Earth Science Chapter 27, Section 1 27.1 Characteristics of Stars How do astronomers determine the composition and surface temperature of a star? Composition & Temperature

More information

Stars & Galaxies. Chapter 27, Section 1. Composition & Temperature. Chapter 27 Modern Earth Science Characteristics of Stars

Stars & Galaxies. Chapter 27, Section 1. Composition & Temperature. Chapter 27 Modern Earth Science Characteristics of Stars Stars & Galaxies Chapter 27 Modern Earth Science Chapter 27, Section 1 27.1 Characteristics of Stars Composition & Temperature Scientists use the following tools to study stars Telescope Observation Spectral

More information

What is the solar system?

What is the solar system? Notes Astronomy What is the solar system? 11.1 Structure of the Solar System Our solar system includes planets and dwarf planets, their moons, a star called the Sun, asteroids and comets. Planets, dwarf

More information

8/30/2010. Classifying Stars. Classifying Stars. Classifying Stars

8/30/2010. Classifying Stars. Classifying Stars. Classifying Stars Classifying Stars In the early 1900s, Ejnar Hertzsprung and Henry Russell made some important observations. They noticed that, in general, stars with higher temperatures also have brighter absolute magnitudes.

More information

CHAPTER 28 STARS AND GALAXIES

CHAPTER 28 STARS AND GALAXIES CHAPTER 28 STARS AND GALAXIES 28.1 A CLOSER LOOK AT LIGHT Light is a form of electromagnetic radiation, which is energy that travels in waves. Waves of energy travel at 300,000 km/sec (speed of light Ex:

More information

LESSON 1. Solar System

LESSON 1. Solar System Astronomy Notes LESSON 1 Solar System 11.1 Structure of the Solar System axis of rotation period of rotation period of revolution ellipse astronomical unit What is the solar system? 11.1 Structure of the

More information

ANSWER KEY. Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe. Telescopes Guided Reading and Study. Characteristics of Stars Guided Reading and Study

ANSWER KEY. Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe. Telescopes Guided Reading and Study. Characteristics of Stars Guided Reading and Study Stars, Galaxies, a the Universe Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe Telescopes Use Target Reading Skills Check student definitions for accuracy. 1. Electromagneticradiationisenergythatcan travel through

More information

Directed Reading A. Section: The Life Cycle of Stars TYPES OF STARS THE LIFE CYCLE OF SUNLIKE STARS A TOOL FOR STUDYING STARS.

Directed Reading A. Section: The Life Cycle of Stars TYPES OF STARS THE LIFE CYCLE OF SUNLIKE STARS A TOOL FOR STUDYING STARS. Skills Worksheet Directed Reading A Section: The Life Cycle of Stars TYPES OF STARS (pp. 444 449) 1. Besides by mass, size, brightness, color, temperature, and composition, how are stars classified? a.

More information

25.2 Stellar Evolution. By studying stars of different ages, astronomers have been able to piece together the evolution of a star.

25.2 Stellar Evolution. By studying stars of different ages, astronomers have been able to piece together the evolution of a star. 25.2 Stellar Evolution By studying stars of different ages, astronomers have been able to piece together the evolution of a star. Star Birth The birthplaces of stars are dark, cool interstellar clouds,

More information

Figure 19.19: HST photo called Hubble Deep Field.

Figure 19.19: HST photo called Hubble Deep Field. 19.3 Galaxies and the Universe Early civilizations thought that Earth was the center of the universe. In the sixteenth century, we became aware that Earth is a small planet orbiting a medium-sized star.

More information

Exam # 3 Tue 12/06/2011 Astronomy 100/190Y Exploring the Universe Fall 11 Instructor: Daniela Calzetti

Exam # 3 Tue 12/06/2011 Astronomy 100/190Y Exploring the Universe Fall 11 Instructor: Daniela Calzetti Exam # 3 Tue 12/06/2011 Astronomy 100/190Y Exploring the Universe Fall 11 Instructor: Daniela Calzetti INSTRUCTIONS: Please, use the `bubble sheet and a pencil # 2 to answer the exam questions, by marking

More information

Stars and Galaxies 1

Stars and Galaxies 1 Stars and Galaxies 1 Characteristics of Stars 2 Star - body of gases that gives off great amounts of radiant energy as light and heat 3 Most stars look white but are actually different colors Antares -

More information

Study Guide Chapter 2

Study Guide Chapter 2 Section: Stars Pages 32-38 Study Guide Chapter 2 Circle the letter of the best answer for each question. 1. What do scientists study to learn about stars? a. gravity c. space b. starlight d. colors COLOR

More information

Edwin Hubble Discovered galaxies other than the milky way. Galaxy:

Edwin Hubble Discovered galaxies other than the milky way. Galaxy: Edwin Hubble Discovered galaxies other than the milky way. Galaxy: A collection of stars, planets, gas, and dust that are held together by gravity. Our sun and planets are in the Milky Way He noticed that

More information

The Universe and Galaxies

The Universe and Galaxies The Universe and Galaxies 16.1 http://dingo.care-mail.com/cards/flash/5409/galaxy.swf Universe The sum of all matter and energy that exists, that has ever existed, and that will ever exist. We will focus

More information

Stars and Galaxies. Content Outline for Teaching

Stars and Galaxies. Content Outline for Teaching Section 1 Stars A. Patterns of stars - constellations 1. Ancient cultures used mythology or everyday items to name constellations 2. Modern astronomy studies 88 constellations 3. Some constellations are

More information

Name Class Date. Chapter 27. Stars and Galaxies. Review Choose the best response. Write the letter of that choice in the space provided.

Name Class Date. Chapter 27. Stars and Galaxies. Review Choose the best response. Write the letter of that choice in the space provided. Stars and Galaxies Review Choose the best response. Write the letter of that choice in the space provided. 1. In the majority of stars, the most common element is a. oxygen. b. helium. c. hydrogen. d.

More information

25/11/ Cosmological Red Shift:

25/11/ Cosmological Red Shift: 12.1 Edwin Hubble Discovered galaxies other than the milky way. Galaxy: A collection of stars, planets, gas, and dust that are held together by gravity. Our sun and planets are in the Milky Way Hubble

More information

Universe Celestial Object Galaxy Solar System

Universe Celestial Object Galaxy Solar System ASTRONOMY Universe- Includes all known matter (everything). Celestial Object Any object outside or above Earth s atmosphere. Galaxy- A large group (billions) of stars (held together by gravity). Our galaxy

More information

Chapter Introduction Lesson 1 The View from Earth Lesson 2 The Sun and Other Stars Lesson 3 Evolution of Stars Lesson 4 Galaxies and the Universe

Chapter Introduction Lesson 1 The View from Earth Lesson 2 The Sun and Other Stars Lesson 3 Evolution of Stars Lesson 4 Galaxies and the Universe Chapter Introduction Lesson 1 The View from Earth Lesson 2 The Sun and Other Stars Lesson 3 Evolution of Stars Lesson 4 Galaxies and the Universe Chapter Wrap-Up What makes up the universe and how does

More information

What is a star? A body of gases that gives off tremendous amounts of energy in the form of light & heat. What star is closest to the earth?

What is a star? A body of gases that gives off tremendous amounts of energy in the form of light & heat. What star is closest to the earth? Stars What is a star? A body of gases that gives off tremendous amounts of energy in the form of light & heat. What star is closest to the earth? Answer: The SUN It s about 150,000,000 km from earth =

More information

GALAXIES AND STARS. 2. Which star has a higher luminosity and a lower temperature than the Sun? A Rigel B Barnard s Star C Alpha Centauri D Aldebaran

GALAXIES AND STARS. 2. Which star has a higher luminosity and a lower temperature than the Sun? A Rigel B Barnard s Star C Alpha Centauri D Aldebaran GALAXIES AND STARS 1. Compared with our Sun, the star Betelgeuse is A smaller, hotter, and less luminous B smaller, cooler, and more luminous C larger, hotter, and less luminous D larger, cooler, and more

More information

Beyond Our Solar System Chapter 24

Beyond Our Solar System Chapter 24 Beyond Our Solar System Chapter 24 PROPERTIES OF STARS Distance Measuring a star's distance can be very difficult Stellar parallax Used for measuring distance to a star Apparent shift in a star's position

More information

TAKE A LOOK 2. Identify This star is in the last stage of its life cycle. What is that stage?

TAKE A LOOK 2. Identify This star is in the last stage of its life cycle. What is that stage? CHAPTER 15 2 SECTION Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe The Life Cycle of Stars BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: How do stars change over time?

More information

Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE

Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE Tarbuck Lutgens Chapter 25 Beyond Our Solar System 25.1 Properties of Stars Characteristics of Stars A constellation is an apparent group of stars originally named for mythical

More information

GraspIT Questions AQA GCSE Physics Space physics

GraspIT Questions AQA GCSE Physics Space physics A. Solar system: stability of orbital motions; satellites (physics only) 1. Put these astronomical objects in order of size from largest to smallest. (3) Fill in the boxes in the correct order. the Moon

More information

Directions: For numbers 1-30 please choose the letter that best fits the description.

Directions: For numbers 1-30 please choose the letter that best fits the description. Directions: For numbers 1-30 please choose the letter that best fits the description. 1. The main force responsible for the formation of the universe is: a. Gravity b. Frictional force c. Magnetic force

More information

STARS AND GALAXIES STARS

STARS AND GALAXIES STARS STARS AND GALAXIES STARS enormous spheres of plasma formed from strong gravitational forces PLASMA the most energetic state of matter; responsible for the characteristic glow emitted by these heavenly

More information

chapter 31 Stars and Galaxies

chapter 31 Stars and Galaxies chapter 31 Stars and Galaxies Day 1:Technology and the Big Bang Studying the Stars A. Telescopes - Electromagnetic radiation emitted by stars and other objects include light, radio, and X-ray Space telescopes

More information

The Night Sky. The Universe. The Celestial Sphere. Stars. Chapter 14

The Night Sky. The Universe. The Celestial Sphere. Stars. Chapter 14 The Night Sky The Universe Chapter 14 Homework: All the multiple choice questions in Applying the Concepts and Group A questions in Parallel Exercises. Celestial observation dates to ancient civilizations

More information

The Universe. is space and everything in it.

The Universe. is space and everything in it. The Universe is space and everything in it. Galaxies A galaxy is a supercluster of stars, gas, and dust that are held together by gravity. There are three main types of galaxies: Irregular Elliptical Spiral

More information

Classifying Stars. Scientists classify stars by: 1. Temperature 2. Brightness

Classifying Stars. Scientists classify stars by: 1. Temperature 2. Brightness STARS Classifying Stars Scientists classify stars by: 1. Temperature 2. Brightness Star Temperature 1. The color of a star tells us about its temperature. Blue stars are the hottest, 7500 C- 40,000 C.

More information

Chapter 21: Stars Notes

Chapter 21: Stars Notes Branches of Earth Science Chapter 21: Stars Notes Astronomy: The study of planets, stars, and other objects in space. Lithosphere: the land masses of earth o Litho means rock Hydrosphere: waters of the

More information

The Big Bang Theory (page 854)

The Big Bang Theory (page 854) Name Class Date Space Homework Packet Homework #1 Hubble s Law (pages 852 853) 1. How can astronomers use the Doppler effect? 2. The shift in the light of a galaxy toward the red wavelengths is called

More information

Ch. 25 In-Class Notes: Beyond Our Solar System

Ch. 25 In-Class Notes: Beyond Our Solar System Ch. 25 In-Class Notes: Beyond Our Solar System ES2a. The solar system is located in an outer edge of the disc-shaped Milky Way galaxy, which spans 100,000 light years. ES2b. Galaxies are made of billions

More information

3. c 4. a 5. f 6. b 7. e. 1. Stars are bright and hot. 2. Distances between stars are measured in light-years. 3. The sun is a yellow star.

3. c 4. a 5. f 6. b 7. e. 1. Stars are bright and hot. 2. Distances between stars are measured in light-years. 3. The sun is a yellow star. Stars, Galaxies, Use Target Reading Skills Check student definitions for accuracy. 1. Electromagnetic radiation is energy that can travel through space in the form of waves. 2. visible light 3. wavelength

More information

Betelgeuse. The Life of Stars. Stars can be grouped into 4 major categories based on size: supergiants giants main sequence stars dwarfs.

Betelgeuse. The Life of Stars. Stars can be grouped into 4 major categories based on size: supergiants giants main sequence stars dwarfs. The Life of A Star The Life of Stars Stars can be grouped into 4 major categories based on size: supergiants giants main sequence stars dwarfs dwarf star Rigel Sun Betelgeuse The Life of Stars Stars can

More information

BROCK UNIVERSITY. Test 2, March 2018 Number of pages: 9 Course: ASTR 1P02, Section 1 Number of Students: 465 Date of Examination: March 12, 2018

BROCK UNIVERSITY. Test 2, March 2018 Number of pages: 9 Course: ASTR 1P02, Section 1 Number of Students: 465 Date of Examination: March 12, 2018 BROCK UNIVERSITY Page 1 of 9 Test 2, March 2018 Number of pages: 9 Course: ASTR 1P02, Section 1 Number of Students: 465 Date of Examination: March 12, 2018 Number of hours: 50 min Time of Examination:

More information

Earth Science, 13e Tarbuck & Lutgens

Earth Science, 13e Tarbuck & Lutgens Earth Science, 13e Tarbuck & Lutgens Beyond Our Solar System Earth Science, 13e Chapter 24 Stanley C. Hatfield Southwestern Illinois College Properties of stars Distance Distances to the stars are very

More information

CHAPTER 9: STARS AND GALAXIES

CHAPTER 9: STARS AND GALAXIES CHAPTER 9: STARS AND GALAXIES Characteristics of the Sun 1. The Sun is located about 150 million kilometres from the Earth. 2. The Sun is made up of hot gases, mostly hydrogen and helium. 3. The size of

More information

NSCI 314 LIFE IN THE COSMOS

NSCI 314 LIFE IN THE COSMOS NSCI 314 LIFE IN THE COSMOS 2 BASIC ASTRONOMY, AND STARS AND THEIR EVOLUTION Dr. Karen Kolehmainen Department of Physics CSUSB COURSE WEBPAGE: http://physics.csusb.edu/~karen MOTIONS IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM

More information

Name Date Period. 10. convection zone 11. radiation zone 12. core

Name Date Period. 10. convection zone 11. radiation zone 12. core 240 points CHAPTER 29 STARS SECTION 29.1 The Sun (40 points this page) In your textbook, read about the properties of the Sun and the Sun s atmosphere. Use each of the terms below just once to complete

More information

Chapter 24. Stars, Galaxies & the Universe. Distance units

Chapter 24. Stars, Galaxies & the Universe. Distance units Chapter 24 Stars, Galaxies & the Universe Distance units To talk about space we need to come up with distance units a little more appropriate than just miles. Otherwise it would be like measuring from

More information

Galaxies and the Universe

Galaxies and the Universe Standard 7.3.1: Recognize and describe that the Sun is a medium-sized star located near the edge of a diskshaped galaxy of stars and that the universe contains many billions of galaxies and each galaxy

More information

Observing the Night Sky. Observing the Night Sky. Observing the Night Sky. Observing the Night Sky. Observing the Night Sky. Chapter 29 THE UNIVERSE

Observing the Night Sky. Observing the Night Sky. Observing the Night Sky. Observing the Night Sky. Observing the Night Sky. Chapter 29 THE UNIVERSE Hewitt/Lyons/Suchocki/Yeh Conceptual Integrated Science Constellations are groups of stars named over antiquity. A familiar constellation is Ursa Major, the Great Bear. Chapter 29 THE UNIVERSE The monthly

More information

Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe

Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe Chapter Test A Multiple Choice Write the letter of the correct answer on the line at the left. 1. What is a giant ball of hot gases that undergo nuclear fusion? a. a planet

More information

ASTRONOMY 1 FINAL EXAM 1 Name

ASTRONOMY 1 FINAL EXAM 1 Name ASTRONOMY 1 FINAL EXAM 1 Name Multiple Choice (2 pts each) 1. Sullivan Star is an F spectral class star that is part of a binary star system. It has a MS lifetime of 5 billion years. Its life will eventually

More information

Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation

Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation Base your answers to questions 1 and 2 on the passage below and on your knowledge of Earth Science. Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation In the 1920s, Edwin Hubble's discovery of a pattern in the red

More information

TEACHER BACKGROUND INFORMATION

TEACHER BACKGROUND INFORMATION TEACHER BACKGROUND INFORMATION (The Universe) A. THE UNIVERSE: The universe encompasses all matter in existence. According to the Big Bang Theory, the universe was formed 10-20 billion years ago from a

More information

Chapter 23 The Milky Way Galaxy Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 23 The Milky Way Galaxy Pearson Education, Inc. Chapter 23 The Milky Way Galaxy The Milky Way is our own galaxy viewed from the inside. It is a vast collection of more than 200 billion stars, planets, nebulae, clusters, dust and gas. Our own sun and

More information

outline 1. in the beginning. The Big Bang 2. galaxies -- different types 3. stars -- life cycle 4. the solar system -- sun and planets

outline 1. in the beginning. The Big Bang 2. galaxies -- different types 3. stars -- life cycle 4. the solar system -- sun and planets Earth s Place in the Universe outline 1. in the beginning. The Big Bang 2. galaxies -- different types 3. stars -- life cycle 4. the solar system -- sun and planets the big bang the universe is expanding

More information

Galaxies and Star Systems

Galaxies and Star Systems Chapter 5 Section 5.1 Galaxies and Star Systems Galaxies Terms: Galaxy Spiral Galaxy Elliptical Galaxy Irregular Galaxy Milky Way Galaxy Quasar Black Hole Types of Galaxies A galaxy is a huge group of

More information

Formation of the Universe & What is in Space? The Big Bang Theory and components of the Universe

Formation of the Universe & What is in Space? The Big Bang Theory and components of the Universe Formation of the Universe & What is in Space? The Big Bang Theory and components of the Universe The Big Bang Theory The Big Bang Theory The Big Bang Theory is the most widely accepted scientific explanation

More information

Answers. The Universe. Year 10 Science Chapter 6

Answers. The Universe. Year 10 Science Chapter 6 Answers The Universe Year 10 Science Chapter 6 p133 1 The universe is considered to be the whole of all matter, energy, planets, solar systems, galaxies, and space. Many definitions of the universe also

More information

2) On a Hertzsprung-Russell diagram, where would you find red giant stars? A) upper right B) lower right C) upper left D) lower left

2) On a Hertzsprung-Russell diagram, where would you find red giant stars? A) upper right B) lower right C) upper left D) lower left Multiple choice test questions 2, Winter Semester 2015. Based on parts covered after mid term. Essentially on Ch. 12-2.3,13.1-3,14,16.1-2,17,18.1-2,4,19.5. You may use a calculator and the useful formulae

More information

The Universe and Galaxies. Adapted from:

The Universe and Galaxies. Adapted from: The Universe and Galaxies Adapted from: http://www.west-jefferson.k12.oh.us/earthandspacescience.aspx Astronomy The study of objects and matter outside the Earth s atmosphere and of their physical and

More information

Distance Measuring Techniques and The Milky Way Galaxy

Distance Measuring Techniques and The Milky Way Galaxy Distance Measuring Techniques and The Milky Way Galaxy Measuring distances to stars is one of the biggest challenges in Astronomy. If we had some standard candle, some star with a known luminosity, then

More information

Life Cycle of a Star - Activities

Life Cycle of a Star - Activities Name: Class Period: Life Cycle of a Star - Activities A STAR IS BORN STAGES COMMON TO ALL STARS All stars start as a nebula. A nebula is a large cloud of gas and dust. Gravity can pull some of the gas

More information

THE UNIVERSE CHAPTER 20

THE UNIVERSE CHAPTER 20 THE UNIVERSE CHAPTER 20 THE UNIVERSE UNIVERSE everything physical in and Includes all space, matter, and energy that has existed, now exists, and will exist in the future. How did our universe form, how

More information

Read each slide then use the red or some underlined words to complete the organizer.

Read each slide then use the red or some underlined words to complete the organizer. Read each slide then use the red or some underlined words to complete the organizer. 1B Did it start as a bang! 1B The Expanding Universe A. The Big Bang Theory: Idea that all matter began in an infinitely

More information

Universe Review. 3. The light emitted from a star is studied by astronomers to determine which of the following properties?

Universe Review. 3. The light emitted from a star is studied by astronomers to determine which of the following properties? Name: Universe Review Period: 1. Which type of telescope uses mirrors to focus visible light? A. reflecting telescope B. radio telescope C. infrared telescope D. refracting telescope 2. Which type of telescope

More information

PH104 Descriptive Astronomy Learning Objectives

PH104 Descriptive Astronomy Learning Objectives PH104 Descriptive Astronomy Learning Objectives March 11, 2008 1 Introduction This list of questions are questions that will need to be answered in order for students to be successful in the course. Each

More information

UNIT 3: Astronomy Chapter 26: Stars and Galaxies (pages )

UNIT 3: Astronomy Chapter 26: Stars and Galaxies (pages ) CORNELL NOTES Directions: You must create a minimum of 5 questions in this column per page (average). Use these to study your notes and prepare for tests and quizzes. Notes will be turned in to your teacher

More information

5) Which stage lasts the longest? a) viii b) I c) iv d) iii e) vi

5) Which stage lasts the longest? a) viii b) I c) iv d) iii e) vi 1) Which of the following statements about globular clusters is false? a) Globular cluster stars are very metal- poor relative to the Sun. b) Globular cluster stars are more than 12 billion years old.

More information

Chapter 17 Solar System

Chapter 17 Solar System Chapter 17 Solar System Rotation Earth spinning on its axis (like a top) "TOP" imaginary rod running through the center of the Earth from North pole to South pole The Earth is tilted on its axis at an

More information

Astronomy Stars, Galaxies and Cosmology Exam 3. Please PRINT full name

Astronomy Stars, Galaxies and Cosmology Exam 3. Please PRINT full name Astronomy 132 - Stars, Galaxies and Cosmology Exam 3 Please PRINT full name Also, please sign the honor code: I have neither given nor have I received help on this exam The following exam is intended to

More information

Abundance of Elements. Relative abundance of elements in the Solar System

Abundance of Elements. Relative abundance of elements in the Solar System Abundance of Elements Relative abundance of elements in the Solar System What is the origin of elements in the universe? Three elements formed in the first minutes after the big bang (hydrogen, helium

More information

1UNIT. The Universe. What do you remember? Key language. Content objectives

1UNIT. The Universe. What do you remember? Key language. Content objectives 1UNIT The Universe What do you remember? What are the points of light in this photo? What is the difference between a star and a planet? a moon and a comet? Content objectives In this unit, you will Learn

More information

Star Formation A cloud of gas and dust, called a nebula, begins spinning & heating up. Eventually, it gets hot enough for fusion to take place, and a

Star Formation A cloud of gas and dust, called a nebula, begins spinning & heating up. Eventually, it gets hot enough for fusion to take place, and a Stars Star- large ball of gas held together by gravity that produces tremendous amounts of energy and shines Sun- our closest star Star Formation A cloud of gas and dust, called a nebula, begins spinning

More information

Coriolis Effect - the apparent curved paths of projectiles, winds, and ocean currents

Coriolis Effect - the apparent curved paths of projectiles, winds, and ocean currents Regents Earth Science Unit 5: Astronomy Models of the Universe Earliest models of the universe were based on the idea that the Sun, Moon, and planets all orbit the Earth models needed to explain how the

More information

8.8A describe components of the universe, including stars, nebulae, galaxies and use models such as HR diagrams for classification

8.8A describe components of the universe, including stars, nebulae, galaxies and use models such as HR diagrams for classification 8.8A describe components of the universe, including stars, nebulae, galaxies and use models such as HR diagrams for classification 8.8B recognize that the Sun is a medium-sized star near the edge of a

More information

Chapter 21 Earth Science 11

Chapter 21 Earth Science 11 Chapter 21 Earth Science 11 Constellations Constellation: A group of stars that appear to form patterns in the sky. 88 different constellations can be seen from the Northern and Southern hemispheres Best

More information

Solar System Glossary. The point in an object s elliptical orbit farthest from the body it is orbiting

Solar System Glossary. The point in an object s elliptical orbit farthest from the body it is orbiting Solar System Glossary Apogee Atmosphere Asteroid Axis Autumn Barred spiral The point in an object s elliptical orbit farthest from the body it is orbiting The air that surrounds Earth and other planets

More information

Galaxies Galore. Types of Galaxies: Star Clusters. Spiral spinning wit arms Elliptical roundish Irregular no set pattern

Galaxies Galore. Types of Galaxies: Star Clusters. Spiral spinning wit arms Elliptical roundish Irregular no set pattern Stars Studying Stars Astronomers use a spectroscope to study the movement of stars Blue shift towards earth Red shift away from earth Change in a wavelength moving toward or away from earth is the Doppler

More information

D. most intense and of longest duration C. D.

D. most intense and of longest duration C. D. Astronomy Take Home Test Answer on a separate sheet of paper In complete sentences justify your answer Name: 1. The Moon s cycle of phases can be observed from Earth because the Moon 4. The accompanying

More information

Chapter 19 Galaxies. Hubble Ultra Deep Field: Each dot is a galaxy of stars. More distant, further into the past. halo

Chapter 19 Galaxies. Hubble Ultra Deep Field: Each dot is a galaxy of stars. More distant, further into the past. halo Chapter 19 Galaxies Hubble Ultra Deep Field: Each dot is a galaxy of stars. More distant, further into the past halo disk bulge Barred Spiral Galaxy: Has a bar of stars across the bulge Spiral Galaxy 1

More information

BROCK UNIVERSITY. Test 2, March 2015 Number of pages: 9 Course: ASTR 1P02 Number of Students: 420 Date of Examination: March 5, 2015

BROCK UNIVERSITY. Test 2, March 2015 Number of pages: 9 Course: ASTR 1P02 Number of Students: 420 Date of Examination: March 5, 2015 BROCK UNIVERSITY Page 1 of 9 Test 2, March 2015 Number of pages: 9 Course: ASTR 1P02 Number of Students: 420 Date of Examination: March 5, 2015 Number of hours: 50 min Time of Examination: 18:00 18:50

More information

Formation of the Universe

Formation of the Universe A. The Universe 1. 2. 3. How did the universe begin? Only one exists or are there more? Composed of space and 100 billion galaxies A galaxy is a grouping of millions or billions of stars kept together

More information

Galaxies and Stars. 3. Base your answer to the following question on The reaction below represents an energy-producing process.

Galaxies and Stars. 3. Base your answer to the following question on The reaction below represents an energy-producing process. Galaxies and Stars 1. To an observer on Earth, the Sun appears brighter than the star Rigel because the Sun is A) hotter than Rigel B) more luminous than Rigel C) closer than Rigel D) larger than Rigel

More information

Unit 1: Space. Section 2- Stars

Unit 1: Space. Section 2- Stars Unit 1: Space Section 2- Stars Stars Recall: stars are celestial bodies of hot gas that give off heat and light Stars The milky way contains hundreds of billions of stars and is only one of hundreds of

More information

Chapter 15 Galaxies and the Foundation of Modern Cosmology

Chapter 15 Galaxies and the Foundation of Modern Cosmology 15.1 Islands of stars Chapter 15 Galaxies and the Foundation of Modern Cosmology Cosmology: study of galaxies What are they 3 major types of galaxies? Spiral galaxies: like the milky way, look like flat,

More information

Chapter 30. Galaxies and the Universe. Chapter 30:

Chapter 30. Galaxies and the Universe. Chapter 30: Chapter 30 Galaxies and the Universe Chapter 30: Galaxies and the Universe Chapter 30.1: Stars with varying light output allowed astronomers to map the Milky Way, which has a halo, spiral arm, and a massive

More information

Stellar Evolution Notes

Stellar Evolution Notes Name: Block: Stellar Evolution Notes Stars mature, grow old and die. The more massive a star is, the shorter its life will be. Our Sun will live about 10 billion years. It is already 5 billion years old,

More information

Astronomy 25. Astronomy 25. Anything back then that could not be seen clearly was called a nebulae. detect fuzzy light objects.

Astronomy 25. Astronomy 25. Anything back then that could not be seen clearly was called a nebulae. detect fuzzy light objects. Astronomy 25 Astronomy 25 Before the 1920 s s telescopes would detect fuzzy light objects. Anything back then that could not be seen clearly was called a nebulae. Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) 1804) Kant had

More information

Introduction to Astronomy

Introduction to Astronomy Introduction to Astronomy Have you ever wondered what is out there in space besides Earth? As you see the stars and moon, many questions come up with the universe, possibility of living on another planet

More information

CST Prep- 8 th Grade Astronomy

CST Prep- 8 th Grade Astronomy CST Prep- 8 th Grade Astronomy Chapter 15 (Part 1) 1. The theory of how the universe was created is called the 2. Which equation states that matter and energy are interchangeable? 3. All matter in the

More information

29:50 Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe Final Exam December 13, 2010 Form A

29:50 Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe Final Exam December 13, 2010 Form A 29:50 Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe Final Exam December 13, 2010 Form A There are 40 questions. Read each question and all of the choices before choosing. Budget your time. No whining. Walk with Ursus!

More information

astronomy A planet was viewed from Earth for several hours. The diagrams below represent the appearance of the planet at four different times.

astronomy A planet was viewed from Earth for several hours. The diagrams below represent the appearance of the planet at four different times. astronomy 2008 1. A planet was viewed from Earth for several hours. The diagrams below represent the appearance of the planet at four different times. 5. If the distance between the Earth and the Sun were

More information

Rev ie w Que sti o ns: 1. A star s magnitude does not depend on its distance from Earth. Chp 19 Little Book

Rev ie w Que sti o ns: 1. A star s magnitude does not depend on its distance from Earth. Chp 19 Little Book Rev ie w Que sti o ns: 1. A star s magnitude does not depend on its distance from Earth. a. big bang theory b. absolute c. cosmology d. apparent 2. The study of the formation of the universe is called

More information

Explain how the sun converts matter into energy in its core. Describe the three layers of the sun s atmosphere.

Explain how the sun converts matter into energy in its core. Describe the three layers of the sun s atmosphere. Chapter 29 and 30 Explain how the sun converts matter into energy in its core. Describe the three layers of the sun s atmosphere. Explain how sunspots are related to powerful magnetic fields on the sun.

More information

The Earth and the Universe

The Earth and the Universe The Earth and the Universe The exploration of space is called astronomy. Most of our observations in space have come from using telescopes of different kinds. Observing the universe from the ground has

More information

Our Galaxy. Milky Way Galaxy = Sun + ~100 billion other stars + gas and dust. Held together by gravity! The Milky Way with the Naked Eye

Our Galaxy. Milky Way Galaxy = Sun + ~100 billion other stars + gas and dust. Held together by gravity! The Milky Way with the Naked Eye Our Galaxy Milky Way Galaxy = Sun + ~100 billion other stars + gas and dust Held together by gravity! The Milky Way with the Naked Eye We get a special view of our own galaxy because we are part of it!

More information

CHAPTER 4 STARS, GALAXIES & THE UNIVERSE

CHAPTER 4 STARS, GALAXIES & THE UNIVERSE CHAPTER 4 STARS, GALAXIES & THE UNIVERSE LESSON 1: TELESCOPES ALL TYPES OF ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION TRAVEL AT THE SPEED OF LIGHT 186,000 miles per second!! Electromagnetic Radiation = energy that travels

More information

9.6. Other Components of the Universe. Star Clusters. Types of Galaxies

9.6. Other Components of the Universe. Star Clusters. Types of Galaxies Other Components of the Universe 9.6 The most common type of celestial object astronomers see in space is a star. Most stars appear to be gravitationally bound together into groups, and some groups are

More information

ASTR Midterm 2 Phil Armitage, Bruce Ferguson

ASTR Midterm 2 Phil Armitage, Bruce Ferguson ASTR 1120-001 Midterm 2 Phil Armitage, Bruce Ferguson SECOND MID-TERM EXAM MARCH 21 st 2006: Closed books and notes, 1 hour. Please PRINT your name and student ID on the places provided on the scan sheet.

More information

the nature of the universe, galaxies, and stars can be determined by observations over time by using telescopes

the nature of the universe, galaxies, and stars can be determined by observations over time by using telescopes the nature of the universe, galaxies, and stars can be determined by observations over time by using telescopes The spectral lines of stars tell us their approximate composition Remember last year in Physics?

More information

Remember from Stefan-Boltzmann that 4 2 4

Remember from Stefan-Boltzmann that 4 2 4 Lecture 17 Review Most stars lie on the Main sequence of an H&R diagram including the Sun, Sirius, Procyon, Spica, and Proxima Centauri. This figure is a plot of logl versus logt. The main sequence is

More information

Cosmology, Galaxies, and Stars OUR VISIBLE UNIVERSE

Cosmology, Galaxies, and Stars OUR VISIBLE UNIVERSE Cosmology, Galaxies, and Stars OUR VISIBLE UNIVERSE Cosmology Cosmology is the study of the universe; its nature, origin and evolution. General Relativity is the mathematical basis of cosmology from which

More information

Name: Earth and Space Assessment Study Guide. Assessment Date : Term Rotation Revolution

Name: Earth and Space Assessment Study Guide. Assessment Date : Term Rotation Revolution Name: Earth and Space Assessment Study Guide Assessment Date : Earth s Rotation and Revolution Term Rotation Revolution Brief Definition Earth s Time to Complete One complete spin on an axis 24 hours (or

More information

This Week in Astronomy

This Week in Astronomy Homework #8 Due Wednesday, April 18, 11:59PM Covers Chapters 15 and 16 Estimated time to complete: 40 minutes Read chapters, review notes before starting This Week in Astronomy Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

More information