What is the Solar System?

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "What is the Solar System?"

Transcription

1

2 What is the Solar System? Our Solar System is one of many planetary systems. It consists of: The Sun Eight planets with their natural satellites Five dwarf planets Billions of asteroids, comets and meteors Interplanetary dust cloud

3

4

5 The Sun is a star which is the centre of the Solar System. As a result of changes in its core, energy is released which makes life on Earth possible. You can observe sunspots, flares and prominences huge mass ejections. Symbol of the Sun

6

7

8 There are 8 planets in our Solar System: Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune

9

10

11 The smallest and closest to the Sun of the eight planets. It s a rocky body like Earth. Its core is rich in iron and its surface is similar to that of the Moon, with a huge number of craters. It has no known natural setellites and is volcanically active. Symbol of Mercury

12

13

14 The second planet from the Sun. It has no natural satellite and about 80% of its surface is covered by smooth, volcanic plains. Unlike other planets, Venus rotates clockwise. After the Sun, it s the brightest object in the night sky. It s also called the Morning Star or the Evening Star. Symbol of Venus

15 Earth

16

17 Earth is the only astronomical object in the universe where life exists. It s a rocky planet and it has one natural satellite. About 7.3 billion people live on Earth together with 1.2 billion documented species. Biodiversity of our planet is still growing. Symbol of Earth

18

19

20 Mars is similar to Earth in its structure. Observed from Earth, it has a reddish appearance. It has two small natural satellites. On its surface, you can see Mount Olympus probably the tallest montain in the Solar System, about three times the height of Mount Everest. Symbol of Mars Olympus Mons

21

22

23 The biggest and the heaviest planet in the Solar System. Being a gas giant, it has no well-defined solid surface. It has 67 natural satellites and its most recognisable element is the Great Red Spot a giant storm. Jupiter has a ring system which, unfortunately, isn t well visible. Symbol of Jupiter

24

25

26

27 The sixth planet from the Sun and the second largest in the Solar System. Its most characteristic elements are the rings which consist of ice and rocky debris. 62 moons orbit Saturn. Titan, Saturn's largest moon, and the second largest in the Solar System, is larger than Mercury. Symbol of Saturn

28

29

30 A gas planet called ice giant because it has the coldest atmosphere. It has 27 known natural satellites and 13 rings presently known. Wind speeds can reach even 900 km/h. Observations from Earth have shown seasonal change and increased weather activity. Symbol of Uranus

31

32

33 The last planet of the Solar System is a gas giant. It has a planetary ring system which is very unstable. Its Great Dark Spot is similar to Jupiter s Great Red Spot. It also has the strongest winds of any planet in the Solar System, with recorded wind speeds as high as 2,100 km/h. Symbol of Neptune

34

35 In the Solar System, there are 173 known natural satellites. The Moon moon of Earth Deimos moon of Mars

36 Jupiter s moons Ganymede and Callisto together with Saturn s moon Titan are the lagest. Callisto moon of Jupiter Titan moon of Saturn

37 Io moon of Jupiter Mimas moon of Saturn

38 Ariel moon of Uranus Triton moon of Neptune

39

40 A dwarf planet is an object which isn t a planet or a natural satellite. There are now five dwarf planets recognized: Eris, Ceres, Pluto, Haumea and Makemake. However, probably about a hundred objects in the Solar System are dwarf planets. Ceres Pluto

41

42 Asteriods are minor planets. The larger ones are also called planetoids. There are millions of them and the majority of them orbit within the asteroid belt between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.

43 A comet is a small celestial body which appears briefly near a star. The star s warmth creates a coma, or a visible atmosphere, around the comet. Matter that streams out of the comet s nucleus forms a gas tail and a dust tail.

44 A meteoroid is a small rocky or metallic body which travels through space. It enters the Earth s atmosphere at a speed of over 72,000 km/h. Around 15,000 tonnes of meteoroids, micrometeoroids and different forms of space dust enter the Earth's atmosphere each year.

45

46 Interplanetary dust cloud is cosmic dust in the space between planets in the Solar System and in other planetary systems. It s created in asteroid collisions, comet activity and collisions in the inner Solar System.

47

48 Sources: pl.wikipedia.org

A medium-sized star. The hottest object found in our solar system.

A medium-sized star. The hottest object found in our solar system. A medium-sized star. The hottest object found in our solar system. It gives off heat, light, and energy. It affects the seasons, climate, and weather on Earth. The second smallest planet in our solar system.

More information

Chapter 23: Touring Our Solar System

Chapter 23: Touring Our Solar System Chapter 23: Touring Our Solar System The Sun The is the center of our solar system. The Sun makes up of all the mass of our solar system. The Sun s force holds the planets in their orbits around the Sun.

More information

Unit 2 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 2 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Unit 2 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System? Florida Benchmarks SC.5.E.5.2 Recognize the major common characteristics of all planets and compare/contrast the properties of inner and outer

More information

Sun Mercury Venus. Earth Mars Jupiter

Sun Mercury Venus. Earth Mars Jupiter Sun Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Venus is the hottest planet in our solar system. The thick clouds on Venus hold the heat in. The sun s lights reflect off Venus s clouds making it look like the brightest

More information

The Solar System. Sun. Rotates and revolves around the Milky Way galaxy at such a slow pace that we do not notice any effects.

The Solar System. Sun. Rotates and revolves around the Milky Way galaxy at such a slow pace that we do not notice any effects. The Solar System Sun Center of the solar system About 150,000,000 km from the Earth An averaged sized, yellow star Spherical in shape due to gravity Made of about ¾ hydrogen and ¼ helium, both of which

More information

23.1 The Solar System. Orbits of the Planets. Planetary Data The Solar System. Scale of the Planets The Solar System

23.1 The Solar System. Orbits of the Planets. Planetary Data The Solar System. Scale of the Planets The Solar System 23.1 The Solar System Orbits of the Planets The Planets: An Overview The terrestrial planets are planets that are small and rocky Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars. The Jovian planets are the huge gas giants

More information

What s in Our Solar System?

What s in Our Solar System? The Planets What s in Our Solar System? Our Solar System consists of a central star (the Sun), the main eight planets orbiting the sun, the dwarf planets, moons, asteroids, comets, meteors, interplanetary

More information

UNIT 3: Chapter 8: The Solar System (pages )

UNIT 3: Chapter 8: The Solar System (pages ) CORNELL NOTES Directions: You must create a minimum of 5 questions in this column per page (average). Use these to study your notes and prepare for tests and quizzes. Notes will be turned in to your teacher

More information

Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE

Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE Tarbuck Lutgens Chapter 23 Touring Our Solar System 23.1 The Solar System The Planets: An Overview The terrestrial planets are planets that are small and rocky Mercury, Venus,

More information

Ch 23 Touring Our Solar System 23.1 The Solar System 23.2 The Terrestrial Planet 23.3 The Outer Planets 23.4 Minor Members of the Solar System

Ch 23 Touring Our Solar System 23.1 The Solar System 23.2 The Terrestrial Planet 23.3 The Outer Planets 23.4 Minor Members of the Solar System Ch 23 Touring Our Solar System 23.1 The Solar System 23.2 The Terrestrial Planet 23.3 The Outer Planets 23.4 Minor Members of the Solar System Ch 23.1 The Solar System Terrestrial planets- Small Rocky

More information

Unit 12 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System?

Unit 12 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System? Unit 12 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System? The Solar System Earth, other planets, and the moon are part of a solar system. A solar system is made up of a star and the planets and other

More information

The Solar System. Presented By; Rahul Chaturvedi

The Solar System. Presented By; Rahul Chaturvedi The Solar System Presented By; Rahul Chaturvedi What s in Our Solar System? Our Solar System consists of a central star (the Sun), the eight planets and their satellites (or moon), thousand of other smaller

More information

9.2 - Our Solar System

9.2 - Our Solar System 9.2 - Our Solar System Scientists describe our solar system as the Sun and all the planets and other celestial objects, such as moons, comets, and asteroids, that are held by the Sun s gravity and orbit

More information

The Solar System 6/23

The Solar System 6/23 6/23 The Solar System I. Earth A. Earth is the prototype terrestrial planet 1. Only planet in the solar system (we know of so far) with life 2. Temperature 290 K B. Physical Characteristics 1. Mass: 6

More information

The solar system pt 2 MR. BANKS 8 TH GRADE SCIENCE

The solar system pt 2 MR. BANKS 8 TH GRADE SCIENCE The solar system pt 2 MR. BANKS 8 TH GRADE SCIENCE Dwarf planets Following the discovery of multiple objects similar to Pluto (and one that was even bigger than Pluto) a new classification for planets

More information

ASTRONOMY SNAP GAME. with interesting facts

ASTRONOMY SNAP GAME. with interesting facts ASTRONOMY SNAP GAME with interesting facts Sun Sun The Sun is the largest object in the solar system The Sun's life expectancy is approximately 5 billion more years At its core, the Sun s temperature is

More information

OUR SOLAR SYSTEM. James Martin. Facebook.com/groups/AstroLSSC Twitter.com/AstroLSSC

OUR SOLAR SYSTEM. James Martin. Facebook.com/groups/AstroLSSC Twitter.com/AstroLSSC OUR SOLAR SYSTEM James Martin Facebook.com/groups/AstroLSSC Twitter.com/AstroLSSC It s time for the human race to enter the solar system. -Dan Quayle Structure of the Solar System Our Solar System contains

More information

Motion of the planets

Motion of the planets Our Solar system Motion of the planets Our solar system is made up of the sun and the 9 planets that revolve around the sun Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune & Pluto (maybe?)

More information

Our Solar System and Its Place in the Universe

Our Solar System and Its Place in the Universe Our Solar System and Its Place in the Universe The Formation of the Solar System Our Solar System includes: Planets Dwarf Planets Moons Small Solar System bodies Sun Outer portion created Planets and their

More information

1/13/16. Solar System Formation

1/13/16. Solar System Formation Solar System Formation 1 Your Parents Solar System 21 st Century Solar System 2 The 21 st Century Solar System Sun Terrestrial Planets Asteroid Belt Jovian Planets Kuiper Belt Oort Cloud The Solar System:

More information

Edmonds Community College ASTRONOMY 100 Sample Test #2 Fall Quarter 2006

Edmonds Community College ASTRONOMY 100 Sample Test #2 Fall Quarter 2006 Edmonds Community College ASTRONOMY 100 Sample Test #2 Fall Quarter 2006 Instructor: L. M. Khandro 10/19/06 Please Note: the following test derives from a course and text that covers the entire topic of

More information

Human Understanding of both Earth and Space has Changed Over Time. Unit E: Topic One

Human Understanding of both Earth and Space has Changed Over Time. Unit E: Topic One Human Understanding of both Earth and Space has Changed Over Time Unit E: Topic One 1.4 Our Solar Neighbourhood Nebular Hypothesis The theory of how solar systems are formed Evolution of solar system

More information

The Solar System LEARNING TARGETS. Scientific Language. Name Test Date Hour

The Solar System LEARNING TARGETS. Scientific Language. Name Test Date Hour Name Test Date Hour Astronomy#3 - Notebook The Solar System LEARNING TARGETS I can describe the objects that make up our solar system. I can identify the inner and outer planets. I can explain the difference

More information

The Solar System. Name Test Date Hour

The Solar System. Name Test Date Hour Name Test Date Hour Astronomy#3 - Notebook The Solar System LEARNING TARGETS I can describe the objects that make up our solar system. I can identify the inner and outer planets. I can explain the difference

More information

Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE

Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE Tarbuck Lutgens 23.1 The Solar System The Planets: An Overview The terrestrial planets are planets that are small and rocky Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars. The Jovian planets

More information

Inner and Outer Planets

Inner and Outer Planets Inner and Outer Planets SPI 0607.6.2 Explain how the relative distance of objects from the earth affects how they appear. Inner Planets Terrestrial planets are those that are closest to the Sun. Terrestrial

More information

Chapter 23. Our Solar System

Chapter 23. Our Solar System Chapter 23 Our Solar System Our Solar System 1 Historical Astronomy Wandering Stars Greeks watched the stars move across the sky and noticed five stars that wandered around and did not follow the paths

More information

solar system outer planets Planets located beyond the asteroid belt; these are known as the gas giants. CELESTIAL BODIES

solar system outer planets Planets located beyond the asteroid belt; these are known as the gas giants. CELESTIAL BODIES solar system Region of our galaxy under the influence of the ; includes eight planets and their natural satellites as well as one dwarf planet, two plutoids, asteroids and comets. outer planets Planets

More information

Ag Earth Science Chapter 23

Ag Earth Science Chapter 23 Ag Earth Science Chapter 23 Chapter 23.1 Vocabulary Any of the Earth- like planets, including Mercury, Venus, and Earth terrestrial planet Jovian planet The Jupiter- like planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus,

More information

The Outer Planets (pages )

The Outer Planets (pages ) The Outer Planets (pages 720 727) Gas Giants and Pluto (page 721) Key Concept: The first four outer planets Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune are much larger and more massive than Earth, and they do

More information

SOLAR SYSTEM NOTES. Scientists believe its at least 4.6 billion years old!!! 10/26/2017 ENERGY TRANSFERS RADIATION FROM THE SUN

SOLAR SYSTEM NOTES. Scientists believe its at least 4.6 billion years old!!! 10/26/2017 ENERGY TRANSFERS RADIATION FROM THE SUN SOLAR SYSTEM NOTES Our Solar System is composed of: 1. The Sun 2. The Planets 3. Asteroids 4. Comets 5. Meteors 6. Natural & Artificial satellites Remember: How old is our Solar System? Scientists believe

More information

Intro to Earth Science Chapter 23 Study Guide

Intro to Earth Science Chapter 23 Study Guide Name _ Date _ Period _ Intro to Earth Science Chapter 23 Study Guide 1. is the planet that cannot be classified as either a terrestrial or a Jovian planet. 2. The densities of the planets are about five

More information

Inner and Outer Planets

Inner and Outer Planets Inner and Outer Planets Inner Planets Terrestrial planets are those that are closest to the Sun. Terrestrial planets are made mostly of rock and have similar characteristics to Earth. There are four terrestrial

More information

Our Planetary System. Chapter 7

Our Planetary System. Chapter 7 Our Planetary System Chapter 7 Key Concepts for Chapter 7 and 8 Inventory of the Solar System Origin of the Solar System What does the Solar System consist of? The Sun: It has 99.85% of the mass of the

More information

Which of the following planets are all made up of gas? When a planets orbit around the Sun looks like an oval, it s called a(n)

Which of the following planets are all made up of gas? When a planets orbit around the Sun looks like an oval, it s called a(n) When a planets orbit around the Sun looks like an oval, it s called a(n) - ellipse - circle - axis - rotation Which of the following planets are all made up of gas? - Venus, Mars, Saturn and Pluto - Jupiter,

More information

1. thought the earth was at the center of the solar system and the planets move on small circles that move on bigger circles

1. thought the earth was at the center of the solar system and the planets move on small circles that move on bigger circles Earth Science Chapter 20: Observing the Solar System Match the observations or discoveries with the correct scientist. Answers may be used more than once. Answers that cannot be read will be counted as

More information

4. THE SOLAR SYSTEM 1.1. THE SUN. Exercises

4. THE SOLAR SYSTEM 1.1. THE SUN. Exercises 4. THE SOLAR SYSTEM 1.1. THE SUN The sun is the star located in the center of the solar system. The sun is a yellow star, since its superficial temperature is about 5.500 C (although, the temperature can

More information

Greeks watched the stars move across the sky and noticed five stars that wandered around and did not follow the paths of the normal stars.

Greeks watched the stars move across the sky and noticed five stars that wandered around and did not follow the paths of the normal stars. Chapter 23 Our Solar System Our Solar System Historical Astronomy Wandering Stars Greeks watched the stars move across the sky and noticed five stars that wandered around and did not follow the paths of

More information

- newmanlib.ibri.org - The Solar System. Robert C. Newman. Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

- newmanlib.ibri.org - The Solar System. Robert C. Newman. Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks The Solar System Robert C. Newman The Solar System This is the name we give to the sun (Latin, sol) and its planets, plus the other objects that are gravitationally bound to the sun. In this talk, we will

More information

Unit 3 Lesson 6 Small Bodies in the Solar System. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 3 Lesson 6 Small Bodies in the Solar System. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Florida Benchmarks SC.8.N.1.1 Define a problem from the eighth grade curriculum using appropriate reference materials to support scientific understanding, plan and carry out scientific investigations of

More information

Solar System Research Teacher Notes The Sun

Solar System Research Teacher Notes The Sun The Sun G-type main sequence star (G2V), also known as a yellow dwarf Mass = 1.99 x 10 30 kg or 333,000 Earths. Volume = 1.41 x 10 18 km 3 or 1,300,000 Earths. Density (average) = 1.41 g/cm 3 or 0.255

More information

Starting from closest to the Sun, name the orbiting planets in order.

Starting from closest to the Sun, name the orbiting planets in order. Chapter 9 Section 1: Our Solar System Solar System: The solar system includes the sun, planets and many smaller structures. A planet and its moon(s) make up smaller systems in the solar system. Scientist

More information

Space Test Review. Unit Test on Thursday April 17

Space Test Review. Unit Test on Thursday April 17 Space Test Review Unit Test on Thursday April 17 True/False 1. A(n) asteroid is a massive collection of gases in space that emits large amounts of energy. 2. A(n) moon is a large, round celestial object

More information

Charting the Solar System

Charting the Solar System Diameter (km) Surface Temperature Interior Temperature Charting the Solar System (Source: http://solarsystem.nasa.gov; http://solarviews.com) Rotation (length of day ) The Sun 1,391,940 11,000 o F 28,000,000

More information

The Solar System. Tour of the Solar System

The Solar System. Tour of the Solar System The Solar System Tour of the Solar System The Sun more later 8 planets Mercury Venus Earth more later Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Various other objects Asteroids Comets Pluto The Terrestrial Planets

More information

Chapter 29. The Solar System. The Solar System. Section 29.1 Models of the Solar System notes Models of the Solar System

Chapter 29. The Solar System. The Solar System. Section 29.1 Models of the Solar System notes Models of the Solar System The Solar System Chapter 29 The Solar System Section 29.1 Models of the Solar System 29.1 notes Models of the Solar System Geocentric: : Earth-centered model of the solar system. (Everything revolves around

More information

Celestial Objects. Background Questions. 1. What was invented in the 17 th century? How did this help the study of our universe? 2. What is a probe?

Celestial Objects. Background Questions. 1. What was invented in the 17 th century? How did this help the study of our universe? 2. What is a probe? Background Questions Celestial Objects 1. What was invented in the 17 th century? How did this help the study of our universe? 2. What is a probe? 3. Describe the Galileo probe mission. 4. What are scientists

More information

Solar System Test Review

Solar System Test Review Solar System Test Review There are several planets in the solar system. What do all of these planets have in common? A.They all orbit the Sun. B. They are all close to the Moon. C.They are all called Earth.

More information

Earth Science 11 Learning Guide Unit Complete the following table with information about the sun:

Earth Science 11 Learning Guide Unit Complete the following table with information about the sun: Earth Science 11 Learning Guide Unit 2 Name: 2-1 The sun 1. Complete the following table with information about the sun: a. Mass compare to the Earth: b. Temperature of the gases: c. The light and heat

More information

Earth & Space Science ~ The Solar System

Earth & Space Science ~ The Solar System Earth & Space Science ~ The Solar System In e r Sci Uni 11 I. Sun, Earth & Moon A. The Solar System 1. the sun & the objects orbiting it a. incl. 8 planets, other stars, asteroids, meteoroids, dwarf planets,

More information

Read each slide then use the red or some underlined words to complete the organizer.

Read each slide then use the red or some underlined words to complete the organizer. Read each slide then use the red or some underlined words to complete the organizer. 1B Did it start as a bang! 1B The Expanding Universe A. The Big Bang Theory: Idea that all matter began in an infinitely

More information

Unit 6 Lesson 4 What Are the Planets in Our Solar System? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 6 Lesson 4 What Are the Planets in Our Solar System? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Unit 6 Lesson 4 What Are the Planets in Our Solar System? What other objects are near Earth in this part of space? Earth and millions of other objects make up our solar system. In Our Corner of Space A

More information

ASTRONOMY NOTES CHAPTER 3: THE SOLAR SYSTEM

ASTRONOMY NOTES CHAPTER 3: THE SOLAR SYSTEM ASTRONOMY NOTES CHAPTER 3: THE SOLAR SYSTEM LESSON 1: MODELS OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM GEOCENTRIC MODEL = Earth is at the center of the revolving planets & stars 1. Early observers thought Earth was at center

More information

CHAPTER 11. We continue to Learn a lot about the Solar System by using Space Exploration

CHAPTER 11. We continue to Learn a lot about the Solar System by using Space Exploration CHAPTER 11 We continue to Learn a lot about the Solar System by using Space Exploration Section 11.1 The Sun page 390 -Average sized star -Millions of km away -300,000 more massive then Earth, 99% of all

More information

The Solar System. Chapter Test A. Multiple Choice. Write the letter of the correct answer on the line at the left.

The Solar System. Chapter Test A. Multiple Choice. Write the letter of the correct answer on the line at the left. The Solar System Chapter Test A Multiple Choice Write the letter of the correct answer on the line at the left. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. The fact that each planet s orbit is an ellipse was discovered by a. Copernicus.

More information

Ch : The Solar System

Ch : The Solar System Ch 16.1-6: The Solar System Hmwk: M: a- I, k- q, s, t, w & x; MC: 1, 5-15; SA: 2, 3, 5-20. Astronomy the scientific study of the universe beyond Earth s atmosphere Universe everything, all energy, matter,

More information

Galaxies: enormous collections of gases, dust and stars held together by gravity Our galaxy is called the milky way

Galaxies: enormous collections of gases, dust and stars held together by gravity Our galaxy is called the milky way Celestial bodies are all of the natural objects in space ex. stars moons, planets, comets etc. Star: celestial body of hot gas that gives off light and heat the closest star to earth is the sun Planet:

More information

Solar System revised.notebook October 12, 2016 Solar Nebula Theory

Solar System revised.notebook October 12, 2016 Solar Nebula Theory Solar System revised.notebook The Solar System Solar Nebula Theory Solar Nebula was a rotating disk of dust and gas w/ a dense center dense center eventually becomes the sun start to condense b/c of gravity

More information

Exploring The Planets: Jupiter

Exploring The Planets: Jupiter Exploring The Planets: Jupiter By Encyclopaedia Britannica, adapted by Newsela staff on 08.28.17 Word Count 691 Level 800L New Horizons spacecraft took this collection of images of Jupiter and Io in 2007.

More information

Outline. Question of Scale. Planets Dance. Homework #2 was due today at 11:50am! It s too late now.

Outline. Question of Scale. Planets Dance. Homework #2 was due today at 11:50am! It s too late now. Outline Homework #2 was due today at 11:50am! It s too late now. Planetarium observing is over. Switch Gears Solar System Introduction The Planets, the Asteroid belt, the Kupier objects, and the Oort cloud

More information

Dwarf Planets and Other Objects

Dwarf Planets and Other Objects Lesson 4 Dwarf Planets and Other Objects LA.8.2.2.3, SC.8.E.5.1, SC.8.E.5.3, SC.8.E.5.7, SC.8.N.3.1 Skim or scan the heading, boldfaced words, and pictures in the lesson. Identify or predict three facts

More information

Planetarium observing is over. Nighttime observing starts next week.

Planetarium observing is over. Nighttime observing starts next week. Homework #2 was due today at 11:50am! It s too late now. Planetarium observing is over. Solar observing is over. Nighttime observing starts next week. Outline Switch Gears Solar System Introduction The

More information

Planetary Geology Earth 9th Edition Chapter 24 Mass wasting: summary in haiku form Overview of the solar system The solar system

Planetary Geology Earth 9th Edition Chapter 24 Mass wasting: summary in haiku form Overview of the solar system The solar system 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Planetary Geology Earth 9 th Edition Chapter 24 Mass wasting: summary in haiku form Can it be geo-? When there's only one planet qualified as "Earth?" Solar system includes Sun Eight

More information

Survey of the Solar System. The Sun Giant Planets Terrestrial Planets Minor Planets Satellite/Ring Systems

Survey of the Solar System. The Sun Giant Planets Terrestrial Planets Minor Planets Satellite/Ring Systems Survey of the Solar System The Sun Giant Planets Terrestrial Planets Minor Planets Satellite/Ring Systems Definition of a dwarf planet 1. Orbits the sun 2. Is large enough to have become round due to the

More information

Exploring Our Solar System

Exploring Our Solar System Exploring Our Solar System Our Solar System What do you think? Read the two statements below and decide whether you agree or disagree with them. Place an A in the Before column if you agree with the statement

More information

When you have completed this workbook, you should know and understand the following:

When you have completed this workbook, you should know and understand the following: Name When you have completed this workbook, you should know and understand the following: Standard Description Passed SciBer Text III.1.a III.1.b. Understand and correctly use unit vocabulary. List the

More information

CVtpf 2-1. Section 1 Review. 3. Describe How did the process of outgassing help shape Earth's atmosphere?

CVtpf 2-1. Section 1 Review. 3. Describe How did the process of outgassing help shape Earth's atmosphere? ----------------------------- ---------- ------ Section 1 Review CVtpf 2-1 -- SECTION VOCABULARY planet a celestial body that orbits the sun, is round because of its own gravity, and has cleared the neighborhood

More information

Roosevelt Elementary Planet Tour. Prepared by Mr. Dabb Roosevelt Elementary

Roosevelt Elementary Planet Tour. Prepared by Mr. Dabb Roosevelt Elementary Roosevelt Elementary Planet Tour Prepared by Mr. Dabb Roosevelt Elementary Relative Size of the Planets This graphic thanks to http://www.bautforum.c om/showthread.php?t= 14356 Tour of the Planets This

More information

7. Our Solar System. Planetary Orbits to Scale. The Eight Planetary Orbits

7. Our Solar System. Planetary Orbits to Scale. The Eight Planetary Orbits 7. Our Solar System Terrestrial & Jovian planets Seven large satellites [moons] Chemical composition of the planets Asteroids & comets The Terrestrial & Jovian Planets Four small terrestrial planets Like

More information

It Might Be a Planet If...

It Might Be a Planet If... It Might Be a Planet If... What is a planet? Until recently, there was no exact definition. There were historically six planets. Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto were discovered after the invention of the telescope.

More information

Object Type Moons Rings Planet Terrestrial none none. Max Distance from Sun. Min Distance from Sun. Avg. Distance from Sun 57,910,000 km 0.

Object Type Moons Rings Planet Terrestrial none none. Max Distance from Sun. Min Distance from Sun. Avg. Distance from Sun 57,910,000 km 0. Mercury Mercury is the closest planet to the sun. It is extremely hot on the side of the planet facing the sun and very cold on the other. There is no water on the surface. There is practically no atmosphere.

More information

Chapter 4 The Solar System

Chapter 4 The Solar System Chapter 4 The Solar System Comet Tempel Chapter overview Solar system inhabitants Solar system formation Extrasolar planets Solar system inhabitants Sun Planets Moons Asteroids Comets Meteoroids Kuiper

More information

TABLE OF CONTENTS. click one to go to that page, or just go on. What is the Solar System? Neptune (Pluto) The Sun. Asteroids. Mercury.

TABLE OF CONTENTS. click one to go to that page, or just go on. What is the Solar System? Neptune (Pluto) The Sun. Asteroids. Mercury. The Solar System TABLE OF CONTENTS click one to go to that page, or just go on. What is the Solar System? The Sun Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune (Pluto) Asteroids Meteors and Meteorites

More information

PHYS 160 Astronomy Test #3 Nov 1, 2017 Version B

PHYS 160 Astronomy Test #3 Nov 1, 2017 Version B PHYS 160 Astronomy Test #3 Nov 1, 2017 Version B I. True/False (1 point each) Circle the T if the statement is true, or F if the statement is false on your answer sheet. 1. The clouds of Jupiter are composed

More information

SPI Use data to draw conclusions about the major components of the universe.

SPI Use data to draw conclusions about the major components of the universe. SPI 0607.6.1 - Use data to draw conclusions about the major components of the universe. o Stars are huge, hot, brilliant balls of gas trillions of kilometers away. A Galaxy is a collection of billions

More information

After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions:

After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: CHAPTER 16 4 Moons SECTION Our Solar System California Science Standards 8.2.g, 8.4.d, 8.4.e BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: How did Earth s moon

More information

Sol o ar a r S yste t m e F o F r o m r at a i t on o The Ne N b e u b l u a a Hypothesis

Sol o ar a r S yste t m e F o F r o m r at a i t on o The Ne N b e u b l u a a Hypothesis Solar System Solar system- the sun and all objects that orbit the sun due to its gravity Solar System Formation The Nebula Hypothesis Parts of the Solar System Planet- a celestial body that is in orbit

More information

Cosmology Vocabulary

Cosmology Vocabulary Cosmology Vocabulary Vocabulary Words Terrestrial Planets The Sun Gravity Galaxy Lightyear Axis Comets Kuiper Belt Oort Cloud Meteors AU Nebula Solar System Cosmology Universe Coalescence Jovian Planets

More information

The Sun. - this is the visible surface of the Sun. The gases here are very still hot, but much cooler than inside about 6,000 C.

The Sun. - this is the visible surface of the Sun. The gases here are very still hot, but much cooler than inside about 6,000 C. Name: The Sun The Sun is an average sized. Earth, Mars, Jupiter and Uranus are. A star is the only object in space that makes its own. This includes and. The sun is about million miles from Earth. This

More information

Astronomy 1140 Quiz 4 Review

Astronomy 1140 Quiz 4 Review Astronomy 1140 Quiz 4 Review Anil Pradhan November 16, 2017 I Jupiter 1. How do Jupiter s mass, size, day and year compare to Earth s? Mass: 318 Earth masses (or about 1/1000th the mass of the Sun). Radius:

More information

Planets. Chapter 5 5-1

Planets. Chapter 5 5-1 Planets Chapter 5 5-1 The Solar System Terrestrial Planets: Earth-Like Jovian Planets: Gaseous Sun Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Pluto Inferior Planets Superior Planets Inferior

More information

Lesson 3 THE SOLAR SYSTEM

Lesson 3 THE SOLAR SYSTEM Lesson 3 THE SOLAR SYSTEM THE NATURE OF THE SUN At the center of our solar system is the Sun which is a typical medium sized star. Composed mainly of Hydrogen (73% by mass), 23% helium and the rest is

More information

1star 1 star 9 8 planets 63 (major) moons asteroids, comets, meteoroids

1star 1 star 9 8 planets 63 (major) moons asteroids, comets, meteoroids The Solar System 1star 1 star 9 8 planets 63 (major) moons asteroids, comets, meteoroids The distances to planets are known from Kepler s Laws (once calibrated with radar ranging to Venus) How are planet

More information

Astronomy. physics.wm.edu/~hancock/171/ A. Dayle Hancock. Small 239. Office hours: MTWR 10-11am. Page 1

Astronomy.  physics.wm.edu/~hancock/171/ A. Dayle Hancock. Small 239. Office hours: MTWR 10-11am. Page 1 Astronomy A. Dayle Hancock adhancock@wm.edu Small 239 Office hours: MTWR 10-11am Planetology I Terrestrial and Jovian planets Similarities/differences between planetary satellites Surface and atmosphere

More information

The Inner Planets. Chapter 3 Lesson 1. Pages Workbook pages 51-52

The Inner Planets. Chapter 3 Lesson 1. Pages Workbook pages 51-52 The Inner Planets Chapter 3 Lesson 1 Pages 152-159 Workbook pages 51-52 Create the Foldable on pg 159 The solar The planets system The four inner planets Compare and Contrast Question What are planets?

More information

1UNIT. The Universe. What do you remember? Key language. Content objectives

1UNIT. The Universe. What do you remember? Key language. Content objectives 1UNIT The Universe What do you remember? What are the points of light in this photo? What is the difference between a star and a planet? a moon and a comet? Content objectives In this unit, you will Learn

More information

Name Date Class. Earth in Space

Name Date Class. Earth in Space Chapter Review Earth in Space Part A. Vocabulary Review Directions: Select the term from the following list that matches each description. axis orbit rotation revolution equinox solstice lunar eclipse

More information

Chapter 17 Solar System

Chapter 17 Solar System Chapter 17 Solar System Rotation Earth spinning on its axis (like a top) "TOP" imaginary rod running through the center of the Earth from North pole to South pole The Earth is tilted on its axis at an

More information

The Solar Nebula Theory. This lecture will help you understand: Conceptual Integrated Science. Chapter 28 THE SOLAR SYSTEM

The Solar Nebula Theory. This lecture will help you understand: Conceptual Integrated Science. Chapter 28 THE SOLAR SYSTEM This lecture will help you understand: Hewitt/Lyons/Suchocki/Yeh Conceptual Integrated Science Chapter 28 THE SOLAR SYSTEM Overview of the Solar System The Nebular Theory The Sun Asteroids, Comets, and

More information

ASTR 380 Possibilities for Life in the Outer Solar System

ASTR 380 Possibilities for Life in the Outer Solar System ASTR 380 Possibilities for Life in the Outer Solar System Possibility of Life in the Inner Solar System The Moon, Mercury, and the Moons of Mars Deimos NO LIFE NOW or EVER This is a 98% conclusion! Phobos

More information

known since prehistoric times almost 10 times larger than Jupiter

known since prehistoric times almost 10 times larger than Jupiter Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune 40.329407-74.667345 Sun Mercury Length of rotation Temperature at surface 8 official planets large number of smaller objects including Pluto, asteroids,

More information

Astronomy November, 2016 Introduction to Astronomy: The Solar System. Mid-term Exam 3. Practice Version. Name (written legibly):

Astronomy November, 2016 Introduction to Astronomy: The Solar System. Mid-term Exam 3. Practice Version. Name (written legibly): Astronomy 101 16 November, 2016 Introduction to Astronomy: The Solar System Mid-term Exam 3 Practice Version Name (written legibly): Honor Pledge: On my honor, I have neither given nor received unauthorized

More information

Chapter 15 & 16 Science Review (PATTERNS IN THE SKY, OUR SOLAR SYSTEM)

Chapter 15 & 16 Science Review (PATTERNS IN THE SKY, OUR SOLAR SYSTEM) Chapter 15 & 16 Science Review (PATTERNS IN THE SKY, OUR SOLAR SYSTEM) The Milky Way the galaxy that contains our solar system Our solar system is a speck in the Milky Way galaxy Pluto is now considered

More information

Chapter 23 Earth Science 11

Chapter 23 Earth Science 11 Chapter 23 Earth Science 11 Inner planets: Closest planets to the sun A.k.a. terrestrial planets All have a rocky crust, dense mantle layer, and a very dense core Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars Outer

More information

The Outer Planets. Video Script: The Outer Planets. Visual Learning Company

The Outer Planets. Video Script: The Outer Planets. Visual Learning Company 11 Video Script: 1. For thousands of years people have looked up at the night sky pondering the limits of our solar system. 2. Perhaps you too, have looked up at the evening stars and planets, and wondered

More information

Unit 1: The Earth in the Universe

Unit 1: The Earth in the Universe Unit 1: The Earth in the Universe 1. The Universe 1.1. First ideas about the Universe 1.2. Components and origin 1.3. Sizes and distances 2. The Solar System 3. The planet Earth 3.1. Movements of the Earth

More information

Which of the following statements best describes the general pattern of composition among the four jovian

Which of the following statements best describes the general pattern of composition among the four jovian Part A Which of the following statements best describes the general pattern of composition among the four jovian planets? Hint A.1 Major categories of ingredients in planetary composition The following

More information

Name: Date: Hour: 179 degrees celsius. 5% of Earth A 70 pound person would weigh 27 pounds on Mercury.

Name: Date: Hour: 179 degrees celsius. 5% of Earth A 70 pound person would weigh 27 pounds on Mercury. Planet Exploration- http://www.kidsastronomy.com/solar_.htm Mercury 1 87.9 days 58.6 days 57 million Km 465 degrees celsius Minimum -184 degrees celsius 179 degrees celsius Moons Terrestrial or Gaseous?

More information