Astronomy Section 2 Solar System Test

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Astronomy Section 2 Solar System Test"

Transcription

1 is really cool! 1. The diagram below shows one model of a portion of the universe. Astronomy Section 2 Solar System Test 4. Which arrangement of the Sun, the Moon, and Earth results in the highest high tides, and the lowest low tides on Earth? (Diagrams are not drawn to scale.) 1) 2) 3) What type of model does the diagram best demonstrate? 1) a geocentric model, in which celestial objects orbit Earth 2) a heliocentric model, in which celestial objects orbit the Sun 3) a heliocentric model, in which celestial objects orbit Earth 4) a geocentric model, in which celestial objects orbit the Sun 2. Earth s orbital velocity is slowest on July 5 because 1) Earth, the Moon, and the Sun are located along a straight line in space 2) the Moon is closest to Earth 3) the highest maximum temperatures occur in the Northern Hemisphere 4) Earth s distance from the Sun is greatest 3. Which object is located at one foci of the elliptical orbit of Mars? 1) the Sun 2) Jupiter 3) Betelgeuse 4) Earth 4) 5. Earth is farthest from the Sun during the Northern Hemisphere's summer, and Earth is closest to the Sun during the Northern Hemispheres winter. During which season in the Northern Hemisphere is Earth's orbital velocity greatest? 1) fall 2) spring 3) winter 4) summer 6. The actual shape of the Earth's orbit around the Sun is best described as 1) a perfect circle 2) a very eccentric ellipse 3) an oblate spheroid 4) a slightly eccentric ellipse Version 2 Page 1 Barnard

2 7. The table below shows gravitational data for a planet traveling in an elliptical orbit around a star. The table shows the relative gravitational force between the star and this planet at eight positions in the orbit (letters A through H). Higher numbers indicate stronger gravitational attraction. Which diagram best represents the positions of the planet in its orbit that would produce the gravitational forces shown in the data table? 1) 3) 2) 4) Version 2 Page 2 Barnard

3 8. Which diagram shows a planet with the least eccentric orbit? ( Key: = planet * = star ) 1) 2) 9. Which sequence of Moon phases could be observed from Earth during a 2-week period? 3) 4) 11. An observer on Earth determines that the apparent diameter of the Moon as viewed from Earth varies in a cyclic manner. The best explanation for this observation is that the 1) atmospheric transparency of the Moon changes 2) distance between the Moon and the Sun changes 3) Moon s orbit is elliptical 4) Moon is rotating 12. Compared to the terrestrial planets, the Jovian planets have 1) longer periods of revolution 2) smaller diameters 3) slower rates of rotation 4) greater average densities 1) 2) 3) 13. The shape of the orbits of most of the planets in the solar system would best be described as 1) perfectly circular 2) elliptical and very elongated 3) nearly circular 4) parabolic 14. Which diagram best represents the motions of celestial objects in a heliocentric model? 4) 1) 3) 10. Compared to Jovian planets, terrestrial planets have 1) shorter periods of revolution 2) larger equatorial diameters 3) shorter periods of rotation 4) larger masses 2) 4) Version 2 Page 3 Barnard

4 15. The bar graph below shows one planetary characteristic, identified as X, plotted for the planets of our solar system. Which characteristic of the planets in our solar system is represented by X? 1) eccentricity of orbit 2) mass 3) period of rotation 4) density 16. The diagram below shows the Moon as it revolves around Earth. The numbered locations represent different positions of the Moon in its orbit. Which Moon phase would be seen by an observer in New York State when the Moon is at position 2? 1) 2) 3) 4) Version 2 Page 4 Barnard

5 Base your answers to questions 17 through 19 on the calendar below, which shows the month of July of a recent year. The dates of major Moon phases, as seen in New York State, are shown. The diagram below represents the phase of the Moon observed from New York State one night during the month of July. 17. On which date was this phase of the Moon visible from New York State? 1) July 4 2) July 11 3) July 19 4) July On which date will the next first-quarter Moon phase occur? 1) August 6 2) August 10 3) August 16 4) August Eclipses do not occur every month because the Moon s 1) period of revolution is 27.3 days 2) orbit is inclined to Earth s orbit 3) rate of rotation is 15 each hour 4) period of rotation and period of revolution are the same Version 2 Page 5 Barnard

6 20. The diagram below shows four positions of a planet in its orbit around the Sun. At which position is the planet's orbital speed greatest? 1) A 2) B 3) C 4) D 21. The diagram below shows the elliptical orbit of a planet revolving around a star. The star and F2 are the foci of this ellipse. What is the approximate eccentricity of this ellipse? 1) ) ) ) 1.47 Version 2 Page 6 Barnard

7 22. The diagram below shows a satellite in four different positions as it revolves around a planet. Which graph best represents the changes in this satellite s orbital velocity as it revolves around the planet? 1) 3) 2) 4) 23. Base your answer to the following question on on the information below. On the diagram below, place an X on the Moon's orbit to show the Moon's position during a solar eclipse. Version 2 Page 7 Barnard

8 Base your answers to questions 24 through 27 on the diagram below, which represents an exaggerated model of Earth's orbital shape. Earth is closest to the Sun at one time of year (perihelion) and farthest from the Sun at another time of year (aphelion). 24. State the relationship between Earth's distance from the Sun and Earth's orbital velocity. 25. Identify the season in the Northern Hemisphere when Earth is at perihelion. 26. Describe the change that takes place in the apparent size of the Sun, as viewed from Earth, as Earth moves from perihelion to aphelion. 27. State the actual geometric shape of Earth's orbit. Version 2 Page 8 Barnard

9 28. Base your answer to the following question on The diagram below shows the average distance between the Sun and Earth drawn to a scale of 1 centimeter = 100,000,000 kilometers. Using this same scale, place a small dot representing Jupiter along the line to indicate how far Jupiter would be from the Sun, and label the dot "Jupiter." The diagram belowshows the average distance between the Sun and Earth drawn to scale. Using this scale, place a small dot representing Jupiter along the line to indicate how far Jupiter would be from the Sun, and label the dot "Jupiter." 29. Base your answer to the following question on the diagram of the ellipse below. a. Calculate the eccentricity of the ellipse to the nearest thousandth. b. State how the eccentricity of the given ellipse compares to the eccentricity of the orbit of Mars. Version 2 Page 9 Barnard

10 Base your answers to questions 30 and 31 on the diagram below, which shows the locations of high and low tides on Earth at a particular time. 30. Approximately how many hours will pass between high tide and the following low tide? 31. Identify the force that causes ocean tides on Earth. Base your answers to questions 32 and 33 on the diagram below, which shows one position of the Moon in its orbit around Earth. Letters W, X, Y, and Z are locations on Earth s surface. 32. What is the solar time at location Y? Include a.m. or p.m. in your answer. Version 2 Page 10 Barnard

11 33. On the diagram of the Moon below, shade the part of the Moon that appears dark to an observer in New York State when the Moon is at the position shown in the diagram above. Base your answers to questions 34 and 35 on the passage below. Is Earth Gaining Weight? Scientists belive that Earth may gain more than 100 tons of dust from space every day. The dust comes from thawing comets as they orbit the Sun and from pieces of asteroids that collided with other asteroids. Most asteroids orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter. Each dust particle dates back to the days when our solar system was created. So in a way, each tiny speck of dust holds clues to how our solar system formed. All the space dust produced by comets and asteroids in our solar system is drawn to the Sun by its gravitational force. However, space dust that passes within about 60 miles of Earth's surface may be slowed enough by friction with Earth's atmosphere to be pulled to the surface by Earth's gravity. 34. In which temperature zone of Earth's atmosphere is space dust first slowed enough by friction to be pulled to Earth's surface? 35. Approximately how many million kilometers from the Sun are most asteroids located? Version 2 Page 11 Barnard

12 36. Base your answer to the following question on the table below, which shows information about five large objects in the Kuiper Belt. The Kuiper Belt is located approximately 30 to 1000 astronomical units (AU) from the Sun. An astronomical unit is the average distance between Earth and the Sun, million kilometers. On the graph, construct a bar graph of the equatorial diameter of each of the Kuiper Belt objects listed in the table. The diameter of Earth s Moon has been graphed for comparison. Version 2 Page 12 Barnard

13 Base your answers to questions 37 and 38 on the diagram in your answer booklet, which shows the relative diameter sizes of the planets compared to the radius of the Sun. 37. On the diagram above, place an X on the planet with the lowest density. 38. On the diagram above, circle only the terrestrial planets. Version 2 Page 13 Barnard

1. The bar graph below shows one planetary characteristic, identified as X, plotted for the planets of our solar system.

1. The bar graph below shows one planetary characteristic, identified as X, plotted for the planets of our solar system. 1. The bar graph below shows one planetary characteristic, identified as X, plotted for the planets of our solar system. Which characteristic of the planets in our solar system is represented by X? A)

More information

Astronomy Regents Review

Astronomy Regents Review Name Astronomy Regents Review Base your answers to questions 1 and 2 on the diagram below, which shows s orbit around the un as viewed from space. is shown at eight different positions labeled A through

More information

astronomy A planet was viewed from Earth for several hours. The diagrams below represent the appearance of the planet at four different times.

astronomy A planet was viewed from Earth for several hours. The diagrams below represent the appearance of the planet at four different times. astronomy 2008 1. A planet was viewed from Earth for several hours. The diagrams below represent the appearance of the planet at four different times. 5. If the distance between the Earth and the Sun were

More information

3. The diagram below shows the Moon at four positions in its orbit around Earth as viewed from above the North Pole.

3. The diagram below shows the Moon at four positions in its orbit around Earth as viewed from above the North Pole. 1. Which object orbits Earth in both the Earth-centered (geocentric) and Sun-centered (heliocentric) models of our solar system? (1) Polaris (3) the Sun (2) Venus (4) the Moon 2. A cycle of Moon phases

More information

Name Topic 3 Free Response 2017

Name Topic 3 Free Response 2017 Name Topic 3 Free Response 2017 Base your answers to questions 1 and 2 on the graph and on your knowledge of Earth science. The graph shows planet equatorial diameters and planet mean distances from the

More information

C) D) 2. The model below shows the apparent path of the Sun as seen by an observer in New York State on the first day of one of the four seasons.

C) D) 2. The model below shows the apparent path of the Sun as seen by an observer in New York State on the first day of one of the four seasons. 1. Which diagram best represents the regions of Earth in sunlight on June 21 and December 21? [NP indicates the North Pole and the shading represents Earth's night side. Diagrams are not drawn to scale.]

More information

A) M D) The Moon s distance from Earth varies in a cyclic manner.

A) M D) The Moon s distance from Earth varies in a cyclic manner. Base your answers to questions 1 and 2 on the diagram below, which shows Earth in orbit around the Sun, and the Moon in orbit around Earth. M 1, M 2, M 3, and M 4 indicate positions of the Moon in its

More information

Name Regents Review Packet #2 Date

Name Regents Review Packet #2 Date Name Regents Review Packet #2 Date Base your answers to questions 1 through 5 on diagram below, which represents the Sun s apparent paths and the solar noon positions for an observer at 42 N latitude on

More information

Earth Science Unit 6: Astronomy Period: Date: Elliptical Orbits

Earth Science Unit 6: Astronomy Period: Date: Elliptical Orbits Earth Science Name: Unit 6: Astronomy Period: Date: Lab # 5 Elliptical Orbits Objective: To compare the shape of the earth s orbit (eccentricity) with the orbits of and with a circle. other planets Focus

More information

Name Period Date Earth and Space Science. Solar System Review

Name Period Date Earth and Space Science. Solar System Review Name Period Date Earth and Space Science Solar System Review 1. is the spinning a planetary object on its axis. 2. is the backward motion of planets. 3. The is a unit less number between 0 and 1 that describes

More information

Earth s Motions. Rotation -!! Period of Rotation - amount of time to make one complete rotation Example: Earth rotates in hours.

Earth s Motions. Rotation -!! Period of Rotation - amount of time to make one complete rotation Example: Earth rotates in hours. Name: Date: Period: Earth In the Solar System The Physical Setting: Earth Science CLASS NOTES! Rotation -! Period of Rotation - amount of time to make one complete rotation Example: Earth rotates in hours

More information

Explain the Big Bang Theory and give two pieces of evidence which support it.

Explain the Big Bang Theory and give two pieces of evidence which support it. Name: OBJECTIVES Correctly define: asteroid, celestial object, comet, constellation, Doppler effect, eccentricity, eclipse, ellipse, focus, Foucault Pendulum, galaxy, geocentric model, heliocentric model,

More information

2. The diagram below represents the apparent path of the Sun as seen by an observer at 65 N on March 21.

2. The diagram below represents the apparent path of the Sun as seen by an observer at 65 N on March 21. 1. Which diagram best represents the regions of Earth in sunlight on June 21 and December 21? [NP indicates the North Pole and the shading represents Earth's night side. Diagrams are not drawn to scale.]

More information

THE SOLAR SYSTEM. Base your answers to questions 2 through 6 on the diagram below, which shows a portion of the solar system.

THE SOLAR SYSTEM. Base your answers to questions 2 through 6 on the diagram below, which shows a portion of the solar system. THE SOLAR SYSTEM 1. The atmosphere of Venus is composed primarily of A hydrogen and helium B carbon dioxide C methane D ammonia Base your answers to questions 2 through 6 on the diagram below, which shows

More information

1. The diagram below represents Earth and the Moon as viewed from above the North Pole. Points A, B, C, and D are locations on Earth's surface.

1. The diagram below represents Earth and the Moon as viewed from above the North Pole. Points A, B, C, and D are locations on Earth's surface. 1. The diagram below represents Earth and the Moon as viewed from above the North Pole. Points A, B, C, and D are locations on Earth's surface. 2. The graph below shows the change in tide heights of the

More information

Earth Moon Motions A B1

Earth Moon Motions A B1 Earth Moon Motions A B1 1. The Coriolis effect provides evidence that Earth (1) rotates on its axis (2) revolves around the Sun (3) undergoes cyclic tidal changes (4) has a slightly eccentric orbit 9.

More information

Which letter on the timeline best represents the time when scientists estimate that the Big Bang occurred? A) A B) B C) C D) D

Which letter on the timeline best represents the time when scientists estimate that the Big Bang occurred? A) A B) B C) C D) D 1. The red shift of light from most galaxies is evidence that A) most galaxies are moving away from Earth B) a majority of stars in most galaxies are red giants C) the light slows down as it nears Earth

More information

Astronomy A B1. 9.The diagram below shows the spectral lines for an element.

Astronomy A B1. 9.The diagram below shows the spectral lines for an element. Astronomy A B1 1. In which sequence are the items listed from least total mass to greatest total mass? (1) solar system, Milky Way, universe (2) Milky Way, solar system, universe (3) universe, Milky Way,

More information

Which table correctly shows the dates on which the apparent paths of the Sun were observed? A) B) C) D)

Which table correctly shows the dates on which the apparent paths of the Sun were observed? A) B) C) D) 1. The diagram below represents the horizon and the Sun's apparent paths, A, B, and C, on three different dates, as viewed from the same location in New York State. Which table correctly shows the dates

More information

SPI Use data to draw conclusions about the major components of the universe.

SPI Use data to draw conclusions about the major components of the universe. SPI 0607.6.1 - Use data to draw conclusions about the major components of the universe. o Stars are huge, hot, brilliant balls of gas trillions of kilometers away. A Galaxy is a collection of billions

More information

Practice Seasons Moon Quiz

Practice Seasons Moon Quiz 1. Which diagram represents the tilt of Earth's axis relative to the Sun's rays on December 15? A) B) C) D) 2. The diagram below represents Earth in space on the first day of a season. 5. Base your answer

More information

October 19, NOTES Solar System Data Table.notebook. Which page in the ESRT???? million km million. average.

October 19, NOTES Solar System Data Table.notebook. Which page in the ESRT???? million km million. average. Celestial Object: Naturally occurring object that exists in space. NOT spacecraft or man-made satellites Which page in the ESRT???? Mean = average Units = million km How can we find this using the Solar

More information

Astronomy Review. Use the following four pictures to answer questions 1-4.

Astronomy Review. Use the following four pictures to answer questions 1-4. Astronomy Review Use the following four pictures to answer questions 1-4. 1. Put an X through the pictures that are NOT possible. 2. Circle the picture that could be a lunar eclipse. 3. Triangle the picture

More information

Practice Test DeAnza College Astronomy 04 Test 1 Spring Quarter 2009

Practice Test DeAnza College Astronomy 04 Test 1 Spring Quarter 2009 Practice Test DeAnza College Astronomy 04 Test 1 Spring Quarter 2009 Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Mark answer on Scantron.

More information

Guided Notes Astronomy. Earth s Moon Formation Orbit Craters Motions Phases Tides Eclipses

Guided Notes Astronomy. Earth s Moon Formation Orbit Craters Motions Phases Tides Eclipses Guided Notes Astronomy Earth s Moon Formation Orbit Craters Motions Phases Tides Eclipses K. Coder 2015 1. What is the Moon? The Moon: the Earth's only natural satellite. See ESRT page 15 for data on Earth

More information

Unit 1: The Earth in the Universe

Unit 1: The Earth in the Universe Unit 1: The Earth in the Universe 1. The Universe 1.1. First ideas about the Universe 1.2. Components and origin 1.3. Sizes and distances 2. The Solar System 3. The planet Earth 3.1. Movements of the Earth

More information

Mid Term Prep-Moon Review 2

Mid Term Prep-Moon Review 2 Base your answers to questions 1 through 3 on the diagram below, which shows positions of the Moon in its orbit and phases of the Moon as viewed from New York State. 1. Which statement best explains why

More information

Astronomy, PART 2. Vocabulary. A. Universe - Our Milky Way Galaxy is one of of galaxies in an expanding universe.

Astronomy, PART 2. Vocabulary. A. Universe - Our Milky Way Galaxy is one of of galaxies in an expanding universe. Astronomy, PART 2 Vocabulary Aphelion Asteroid Astronomical Unit Comet Constellation Crater Eccentricity Eclipse Equinox Geocentric model Gravitation Heliocentric model Inertia Jovian Perihelion Revolution

More information

2. Identify the nuclear process that occurs when lighter elements in a star combine to form heavier elements, producing the star's radiant energy.

2. Identify the nuclear process that occurs when lighter elements in a star combine to form heavier elements, producing the star's radiant energy. Base your answers to questions 1 through 4 on the flowchart below and on your knowledge of Earth science. The flowchart represents possible pathways in the evolution of stars. 1. Circle the relative surface

More information

Investigations in Earth and Space Science Semester Review: Unit 1 and Unit 2

Investigations in Earth and Space Science Semester Review: Unit 1 and Unit 2 IESS Unit 1: Solar Energy & Fluid Circulation Review Directions: Write the answer to each question in the box to the right of the question. Fold your paper along the line and use this as a review sheet!

More information

10-20 billion years old

10-20 billion years old Universe : 10-20 billion years old Big Bang Theory * the universe started at a single point * that point was extremely dense * it became unstable and expanded outward * The universe is still expanding

More information

MIDTERM PRACTICE EXAM ANSWERS

MIDTERM PRACTICE EXAM ANSWERS MIDTERM PRACTICE EXAM ANSWERS 1. (2) Location B shows that the altitude of the noon Sun increases between Dec 21. and June 21. Location B also shows that the Dec. 21 noon Sun is at an altitude of approximately

More information

What is in outer space?

What is in outer space? What is in outer space? Celestial Objects are any natural objects that move through space. Star:_a huge sphere of gas in space _Nuclear fusion within stars give off enormous amounts of energy such as light

More information

Coriolis Effect - the apparent curved paths of projectiles, winds, and ocean currents

Coriolis Effect - the apparent curved paths of projectiles, winds, and ocean currents Regents Earth Science Unit 5: Astronomy Models of the Universe Earliest models of the universe were based on the idea that the Sun, Moon, and planets all orbit the Earth models needed to explain how the

More information

A. the spinning of Earth on its axis B. the path of the Sun around Earth

A. the spinning of Earth on its axis B. the path of the Sun around Earth stronomy 1 Packet Write answers on your own paper 1. The Sun appears to move across the sky each day. What causes this?. the spinning of Earth on its axis. the path of the Sun around Earth. the production

More information

THE UNIVERSE AND THE EARTH

THE UNIVERSE AND THE EARTH ESO1 THE UNIVERSE AND THE EARTH Unit 1 What is the Universe like? Universe theories Ideas about the Universe: Geocentric theory Aristotle (B.C) and Ptolomy (A.D) Heliocentric theory Copernicus in 1542

More information

MIDTERM PRACTICE EXAM

MIDTERM PRACTICE EXAM MIDTERM PRACTICE EXAM PART I Multiple Choice Answer all questions in this part [60 pts] Directions (1-30): For each statement of question, select the word or expression that best completes the statement

More information

NAME: Log onto YouTube and search for jocrisci channel.

NAME: Log onto YouTube and search for jocrisci channel. NAME: Log onto YouTube and search for jocrisci channel. EARTH MOTIONS (Video 10.1) 1. Define rotation, how long it takes, which direction it happens, the proof it happens, and the result. 2. Define revolution,

More information

EARTH MOON SUN REVIEW

EARTH MOON SUN REVIEW 1. A student read in a newspaper that the maximum length of the daylight period for the year in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, had just been reached. What was the date of this newspaper? 4. In the diagram below,

More information

D. A system of assumptions and principles applicable to a wide range of phenomena that has been repeatedly verified

D. A system of assumptions and principles applicable to a wide range of phenomena that has been repeatedly verified ASTRONOMY 1 EXAM 1 Name Identify Terms - Matching (20 @ 1 point each = 20 pts.) 1 Solar System G 7. aphelion N 14. eccentricity M 2. Planet E 8. apparent visual magnitude R 15. empirical Q 3. Star P 9.

More information

Solar System Glossary. The point in an object s elliptical orbit farthest from the body it is orbiting

Solar System Glossary. The point in an object s elliptical orbit farthest from the body it is orbiting Solar System Glossary Apogee Atmosphere Asteroid Axis Autumn Barred spiral The point in an object s elliptical orbit farthest from the body it is orbiting The air that surrounds Earth and other planets

More information

Unit 2: Celestial Mechanics

Unit 2: Celestial Mechanics Unit 2: Celestial Mechanics The position of the Earth Ptolemy (90 168 AD) Made tables that allowed a user to locate the position of a planet at any past, present, or future date. In order to maintain circular

More information

The diagram below shows two possible sequences in the life cycle of stars, beginning with their formation from nebular gas clouds in space.

The diagram below shows two possible sequences in the life cycle of stars, beginning with their formation from nebular gas clouds in space. Name: Questions 1 through 3 refer to the following: 3653-1 - Page 1 The diagram below shows two possible sequences in the life cycle of stars, beginning with their formation from nebular gas clouds in

More information

EARTH SCIENCE UNIT 9 -NOTES ASTRONOMY

EARTH SCIENCE UNIT 9 -NOTES ASTRONOMY EARTH SCIENCE UNIT 9 -NOTES ASTRONOMY UNIT 9- ASTRONOMY 2 THE SOLAR SYSTEM I. The Solar System:. a. Celestial Body:. i. Examples:. b. MAIN COMPONENTS/MEMBERS OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM: i. 1. Planets are objects

More information

Syosset High School Midterm Review

Syosset High School Midterm Review Mass (g) Romano Name Syosset High School Midterm Review Topic 1 - Measurement and Graphing 1. As the temperature of a body of air increases, its density and the air will. (increases, decreases, remains

More information

The Earth in the Universe Geology

The Earth in the Universe Geology The Earth in the Univers e The Earth in the Universe Geology The origin of the Universe The position of the Earth in the Universe Distances in the Universe Galaxies The Milky Way Stars: The Sun The Solar

More information

D. most intense and of longest duration C. D.

D. most intense and of longest duration C. D. Astronomy Take Home Test Answer on a separate sheet of paper In complete sentences justify your answer Name: 1. The Moon s cycle of phases can be observed from Earth because the Moon 4. The accompanying

More information

EARTH SCIENCE UNIT 9 -KEY ASTRONOMY

EARTH SCIENCE UNIT 9 -KEY ASTRONOMY EARTH SCIENCE UNIT 9 -KEY ASTRONOMY UNIT 9- ASTRONOMY 2 THE SOLAR SYSTEM I. The Solar System: THE SUN AND ALL CELESTIAL OBJECTS THAT ORBIT THE SUN HELD BY THE SUN S GRAVITY. a. Celestial Body: ANY OBJECT

More information

Physical Science 1 Chapter 16 INTRODUCTION. Astronomy is the study of the universe, which includes all matter, energy, space and time.

Physical Science 1 Chapter 16 INTRODUCTION. Astronomy is the study of the universe, which includes all matter, energy, space and time. INTRODUCTION Astronomy is the study of the universe, which includes all matter, energy, space and time. Although the universe is vast and almost beyond imagination, much is known about its make-up and

More information

Topic 10: Earth in Space Workbook Chapters 10 and 11

Topic 10: Earth in Space Workbook Chapters 10 and 11 Topic 10: Earth in Space Workbook Chapters 10 and 11 We can imagine all the celestial objects seen from Earth the sun, stars, the Milky way, and planets as being positioned on a celestial sphere. Earth

More information

1) Kepler's third law allows us to find the average distance to a planet from observing its period of rotation on its axis.

1) Kepler's third law allows us to find the average distance to a planet from observing its period of rotation on its axis. Descriptive Astronomy (ASTR 108) Exam 1 A February 17, 2010 Name: In each of the following multiple choice questions, select the best possible answer. In the line on the scan sheet corresponding to the

More information

3) During retrograde motion a planet appears to be A) dimmer than usual. B) the same brightness as usual C) brighter than usual.

3) During retrograde motion a planet appears to be A) dimmer than usual. B) the same brightness as usual C) brighter than usual. Descriptive Astronomy (ASTR 108) Exam 1 B February 17, 2010 Name: In each of the following multiple choice questions, select the best possible answer. In the line on the scan sheet corresponding to the

More information

Lecture 13. Gravity in the Solar System

Lecture 13. Gravity in the Solar System Lecture 13 Gravity in the Solar System Guiding Questions 1. How was the heliocentric model established? What are monumental steps in the history of the heliocentric model? 2. How do Kepler s three laws

More information

Name Period Chapter 12 &13 Study Guide

Name Period Chapter 12 &13 Study Guide Name Period Chapter 12 &13 Study Guide Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. When are tides highest? a. during the moon s first quarter phase

More information

UNIT 3: EARTH S MOTIONS

UNIT 3: EARTH S MOTIONS UNIT 3: EARTH S MOTIONS After Unit 3 you should be able to: o Differentiate between rotation and revolution of the Earth o Apply the rates of rotation and revolution to basic problems o Recall the evidence

More information

How does the solar system, the galaxy, and the universe fit into our understanding of the cosmos?

How does the solar system, the galaxy, and the universe fit into our understanding of the cosmos? Remember to check the links for videos! How does the solar system, the galaxy, and the universe fit into our understanding of the cosmos? Universe ~ 13.7 bya First Stars ~ 13.3 bya First Galaxies ~ 12.7

More information

1. Determine the length of time between the two high tides shown for May 13.

1. Determine the length of time between the two high tides shown for May 13. Name Roy G Biv Base your answers to questions 1 through 3 on the diagrams and tables below and on your knowledge of Earth science. Each diagram represents the Moon's orbital position and each table lists

More information

What is a Satellite? A satellite is an object that orbits another object. Ex. Radio satellite, moons, planets

What is a Satellite? A satellite is an object that orbits another object. Ex. Radio satellite, moons, planets Planetary Orbit Planetary Orbits What shape do planets APPEAR to orbit the sun? Planets APPEAR to orbit in a circle. What shape do the planets orbit the sun??? Each planet Orbits the Sun in an ellipse

More information

AST101IN Final Exam. 1.) Arrange the objects below from smallest to largest. (3 points)

AST101IN Final Exam. 1.) Arrange the objects below from smallest to largest. (3 points) Name: Possibly useful formulae: AST101IN Final Exam F g = Gm 1 m 2 /r 2 p 2 =a 3 F=ma E=mc 2 1.) Arrange the objects below from smallest to largest. (3 points) The sun The Earth The universe The Milky

More information

Introduction To Modern Astronomy II

Introduction To Modern Astronomy II ASTR 111 003 Fall 2006 Lecture 03 Sep. 18, 2006 Introduction To Modern Astronomy II Introducing Astronomy (chap. 1-6) Planets and Moons (chap. 7-17) Ch1: Astronomy and the Universe Ch2: Knowing the Heavens

More information

18. Kepler as a young man became the assistant to A) Nicolaus Copernicus. B) Ptolemy. C) Tycho Brahe. D) Sir Isaac Newton.

18. Kepler as a young man became the assistant to A) Nicolaus Copernicus. B) Ptolemy. C) Tycho Brahe. D) Sir Isaac Newton. Name: Date: 1. The word planet is derived from a Greek term meaning A) bright nighttime object. B) astrological sign. C) wanderer. D) nontwinkling star. 2. The planets that were known before the telescope

More information

1UNIT. The Universe. What do you remember? Key language. Content objectives

1UNIT. The Universe. What do you remember? Key language. Content objectives 1UNIT The Universe What do you remember? What are the points of light in this photo? What is the difference between a star and a planet? a moon and a comet? Content objectives In this unit, you will Learn

More information

Orbital Mechanics. CTLA Earth & Environmental Science

Orbital Mechanics. CTLA Earth & Environmental Science Orbital Mechanics CTLA Earth & Environmental Science The Earth Spherical body that is flattened near the poles due to centrifugal force (rotation of the Earth) 40,074 KM across at the Equator 40,0007 KM

More information

2. The distance between the Sun and the next closest star, Proxima Centuari, is MOST accurately measured in

2. The distance between the Sun and the next closest star, Proxima Centuari, is MOST accurately measured in Name: Date: 1. Some scientists study the revolution of the Moon very closely and have recently suggested that the Moon is gradually moving away from Earth. Which statement below would be a prediction of

More information

7.4 Universal Gravitation

7.4 Universal Gravitation Circular Motion Velocity is a vector quantity, which means that it involves both speed (magnitude) and direction. Therefore an object traveling at a constant speed can still accelerate if the direction

More information

Solar System and Universe Packet 14

Solar System and Universe Packet 14 Solar System and Universe Packet 14 Your Name Group Members Score Minutes Standard 4 Key Idea 1 Performance Indicator 1.1 Explain complex phenomena, such as tides, variations in day length, solar insolation,

More information

EARTHS SHAPE AND POLARIS PRACTICE 2017

EARTHS SHAPE AND POLARIS PRACTICE 2017 1. In the diagram below, letters A through D represent the locations of four observers on the Earth's surface. Each observer has the same mass. 3. Which diagram most accurately shows the cross-sectional

More information

EARTHS SHAPE AND POLARIS PRACTICE 2017

EARTHS SHAPE AND POLARIS PRACTICE 2017 1. In the diagram below, letters A through D represent the locations of four observers on the Earth's surface. Each observer has the same mass. 3. Which diagram most accurately shows the cross-sectional

More information

Lesson 1 The Structure of the Solar System

Lesson 1 The Structure of the Solar System Lesson 1 Student Labs and Activities Page Launch Lab 8 Content Vocabulary 9 Lesson Outline 10 MiniLab 12 Content Practice A 13 Content Practice B 14 School to Home 15 Key Concept Builders 16 Enrichment

More information

Name and Student ID Section Day/Time:

Name and Student ID Section Day/Time: AY2 - Overview of the Universe - Midterm #1 - Instructor: Maria F. Duran Name and Student ID Section Day/Time: 1) Imagine we ve discovered a planet orbiting another star at 1 AU every 6 months. The planet

More information

Practice Packet Topic 9: Earth in Space & Beyond

Practice Packet Topic 9: Earth in Space & Beyond Practice Packet Topic 9: Earth in Space & Beyond Vocabulary: Lesson 1: Lesson 2: Lesson 3: Lesson 4: Name: Lesson 5: Lesson 6: 1 VOCABULARY For each word, provide a short but specific definition from YOUR

More information

The Earth & its good friend, the Moon. SNC1D7 - Space

The Earth & its good friend, the Moon. SNC1D7 - Space The Earth & its good friend, the Moon SNC1D7 - Space Key Questions! What causes... day and night? the seasons? the tides? What are eclipses? Let s eat some space oreos! How do we know the Earth is round?

More information

Galaxies: enormous collections of gases, dust and stars held together by gravity Our galaxy is called the milky way

Galaxies: enormous collections of gases, dust and stars held together by gravity Our galaxy is called the milky way Celestial bodies are all of the natural objects in space ex. stars moons, planets, comets etc. Star: celestial body of hot gas that gives off light and heat the closest star to earth is the sun Planet:

More information

Name: Earth and Space Assessment Study Guide. Assessment Date : Term Rotation Revolution

Name: Earth and Space Assessment Study Guide. Assessment Date : Term Rotation Revolution Name: Earth and Space Assessment Study Guide Assessment Date : Earth s Rotation and Revolution Term Rotation Revolution Brief Definition Earth s Time to Complete One complete spin on an axis 24 hours (or

More information

Introduction To Modern Astronomy I

Introduction To Modern Astronomy I ASTR 111 003 Fall 2006 Lecture 03 Sep. 18, 2006 Introduction To Modern Astronomy I Introducing Astronomy (chap. 1-6) Planets and Moons (chap. 7-17) Ch1: Astronomy and the Universe Ch2: Knowing the Heavens

More information

Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation

Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation Base your answers to questions 1 and 2 on the passage below and on your knowledge of Earth Science. Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation In the 1920s, Edwin Hubble's discovery of a pattern in the red

More information

FCAT Review Space Science

FCAT Review Space Science FCAT Review Space Science The Law of Universal Gravitation The law of universal gravitation states that ALL matter in the universe attracts each other. Gravity is greatly impacted by both mass and distance

More information

Patterns in the Solar System (Chapter 18)

Patterns in the Solar System (Chapter 18) GEOLOGY 306 Laboratory Instructor: TERRY J. BOROUGHS NAME: Patterns in the Solar System (Chapter 18) For this assignment you will require: a calculator, colored pencils, a metric ruler, and meter stick.

More information

Earth in Space. The Sun-Earth-Moon System

Earth in Space. The Sun-Earth-Moon System in Space The --Moon System What do you think? Read the two statements below and decide whether you agree or disagree with them. Place an A in the Before column if you agree with the statement or a D if

More information

Chapter: The Earth-Moon-Sun System

Chapter: The Earth-Moon-Sun System Chapter 7 Table of Contents Chapter: The Earth-Moon-Sun System Section 1: Earth in Space Section 2: Time and Seasons Section 3: Earth s Moon 1 Earth in Space Earth s Size and Shape Ancient Measurements

More information

5. How did Copernicus s model solve the problem of some planets moving backwards?

5. How did Copernicus s model solve the problem of some planets moving backwards? MODELS OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM Reading Guide: Chapter 27.2 (read text pages 691-694) 1k. Recognize the cumulative nature of scientific evidence. 1n. Know that when an observation does not agree with an accepted

More information

1/3/12. Chapter: The Earth-Moon-Sun System. Ancient Measurements. Earth s Size and Shape. Ancient Measurements. Ancient Measurements

1/3/12. Chapter: The Earth-Moon-Sun System. Ancient Measurements. Earth s Size and Shape. Ancient Measurements. Ancient Measurements // Table of Contents Chapter: The Earth-Moon-Sun System Section : Chapter 7 Section : Section : Earth s Size and Shape Ancient Measurements First, no matter where you are on Earth, objects fall straight

More information

PHYS 160 Astronomy Test #1 Fall 2017 Version B

PHYS 160 Astronomy Test #1 Fall 2017 Version B PHYS 160 Astronomy Test #1 Fall 2017 Version B 1 I. True/False (1 point each) Circle the T if the statement is true, or F if the statement is false on your answer sheet. 1. An object has the same weight,

More information

Mid Term Prep-The Moon

Mid Term Prep-The Moon 1. A high tide occurred at 6:00 a.m. at a beach on Long Island. The next high tide at this same beach would occur at approximately A) 12:15 p.m. on the same day B) 6:30 p.m. on the same day C) 12:45 p.m.

More information

1. Determine the length of time between the two high tides shown for May 13.

1. Determine the length of time between the two high tides shown for May 13. Name Roy G Biv Base your answers to questions 1 through 3 on the diagrams and tables below and on your knowledge of Earth science. Each diagram represents the Moon's orbital position and each table lists

More information

Astronomy Practice Test

Astronomy Practice Test Name: ate: 1. In laska, there are fewer hours of daylight in the winter than in the summer. Which statement best explains why this difference occurs?. The Sun burns hotter in the summer.. The Sun moves

More information

Regents Review Packet #2 Multiple Choice

Regents Review Packet #2 Multiple Choice A) B) Regents Review Packet #2 Multiple Choice 1. Which diagram best represents the regions of Earth in sunlight on June 21 and December 21? [NP indicates the North Pole and the shading represents Earth's

More information

Gravity: Motivation An initial theory describing the nature of the gravitational force by Newton is a product of the resolution of the

Gravity: Motivation An initial theory describing the nature of the gravitational force by Newton is a product of the resolution of the Gravity: Motivation An initial theory describing the nature of the gravitational force by Newton is a product of the resolution of the Geocentric-Heliocentric debate (Brahe s data and Kepler s analysis)

More information

Directed Reading. Section: Viewing the Universe THE VALUE OF ASTRONOMY. Skills Worksheet. 1. How did observations of the sky help farmers in the past?

Directed Reading. Section: Viewing the Universe THE VALUE OF ASTRONOMY. Skills Worksheet. 1. How did observations of the sky help farmers in the past? Skills Worksheet Directed Reading Section: Viewing the Universe 1. How did observations of the sky help farmers in the past? 2. How did observations of the sky help sailors in the past? 3. What is the

More information

12.1 Earth, Moon and Sun Interactions

12.1 Earth, Moon and Sun Interactions 12.1 Earth, Moon and Sun Interactions Humans have been aware of the relationships between the Earth, Sun and Moon for thousands of years, but only recently have we began to better understand the true nature

More information

Moon, Planet, Star, Solar System, Galaxy, Universe

Moon, Planet, Star, Solar System, Galaxy, Universe Dr. V s Study Guide : Astronomy Unit 1) Place the following in order of increasing size: The Galaxy, the Solar System, a Star, the Universe,a Moon and a Planet. Moon, Planet, Star, Solar System, Galaxy,

More information

UNIT 1: EARTH AND THE SOLAR SYSTEM.

UNIT 1: EARTH AND THE SOLAR SYSTEM. UNIT 1: EARTH AND THE SOLAR SYSTEM. 1) A BRIEF HISTORY Theories of the Universe In the second century BC, the astronomer Ptolemy proposed that the Earth was the centre of the Universe, and that the Sun,

More information

Miami Dade County Public Schools Educational Transformation Office and the Division of Academics: Department of Science

Miami Dade County Public Schools Educational Transformation Office and the Division of Academics: Department of Science Unit 5 Assessment Comprehensive Science III Directions: Read through the questions carefully and select the best answer choice on your bubble sheet. 1. Space exploration has advanced our knowledge of the

More information

Physical Science. Chapter 22 The Earth in Space. Earth s Rotation

Physical Science. Chapter 22 The Earth in Space. Earth s Rotation Physical Science Chapter 22 The Earth in Space Earth s Rotation Axis imaginary line passing through the North and South Pole Earth s axis is tilted at 23 ½ degrees Rotation: the Earth spinning on its axis

More information

Physical Science. Chapter 22 The Earth in Space

Physical Science. Chapter 22 The Earth in Space Physical Science Chapter 22 The Earth in Space Earth s Rotation Axis imaginary line passing through the North and South Pole Earth s axis is tilted at 23 ½ degrees Rotation: the Earth spinning on its axis

More information

Intro to Astronomy. Looking at Our Space Neighborhood

Intro to Astronomy. Looking at Our Space Neighborhood Intro to Astronomy Looking at Our Space Neighborhood Astronomy: The Original Science Ancient cultures used the movement of stars, planets and the moon to mark time Astronomy: the study of the universe

More information

Apparent Motion. How do celestial objects appear to move across the sky?

Apparent Motion. How do celestial objects appear to move across the sky? Apparent Motion How do celestial objects appear to move across the sky? 1 Apparent Motions Geocentric Universe - idea that Earth was at the center of the solar system Stars all rotate around the Earth

More information

Chapter. Origin of Modern Astronomy

Chapter. Origin of Modern Astronomy Chapter Origin of Modern Astronomy 22.1 Early Astronomy Ancient Greeks Astronomy is the science that studies the universe. It includes the observation and interpretation of celestial bodies and phenomena.

More information