Astronomy Section 2 Solar System Test

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Astronomy Section 2 Solar System Test"

Transcription

1 is really cool! 1. The diagram below shows one model of a portion of the universe. Astronomy Section 2 Solar System Test 4. Which arrangement of the Sun, the Moon, and Earth results in the highest high tides, and the lowest low tides on Earth? (Diagrams are not drawn to scale.) 1) 2) 3) What type of model does the diagram best demonstrate? 1) a geocentric model, in which celestial objects orbit Earth 2) a heliocentric model, in which celestial objects orbit the Sun 3) a heliocentric model, in which celestial objects orbit Earth 4) a geocentric model, in which celestial objects orbit the Sun 2. Earth s orbital velocity is slowest on July 5 because 1) Earth, the Moon, and the Sun are located along a straight line in space 2) the Moon is closest to Earth 3) the highest maximum temperatures occur in the Northern Hemisphere 4) Earth s distance from the Sun is greatest 3. Which object is located at one foci of the elliptical orbit of Mars? 1) the Sun 2) Jupiter 3) Betelgeuse 4) Earth 4) 5. Earth is farthest from the Sun during the Northern Hemisphere's summer, and Earth is closest to the Sun during the Northern Hemispheres winter. During which season in the Northern Hemisphere is Earth's orbital velocity greatest? 1) fall 2) spring 3) winter 4) summer 6. The actual shape of the Earth's orbit around the Sun is best described as 1) a perfect circle 2) a very eccentric ellipse 3) an oblate spheroid 4) a slightly eccentric ellipse Version 2 Page 1 Barnard

2 7. The table below shows gravitational data for a planet traveling in an elliptical orbit around a star. The table shows the relative gravitational force between the star and this planet at eight positions in the orbit (letters A through H). Higher numbers indicate stronger gravitational attraction. Which diagram best represents the positions of the planet in its orbit that would produce the gravitational forces shown in the data table? 1) 3) 2) 4) Version 2 Page 2 Barnard

3 8. Which diagram shows a planet with the least eccentric orbit? ( Key: = planet * = star ) 1) 2) 9. Which sequence of Moon phases could be observed from Earth during a 2-week period? 3) 4) 11. An observer on Earth determines that the apparent diameter of the Moon as viewed from Earth varies in a cyclic manner. The best explanation for this observation is that the 1) atmospheric transparency of the Moon changes 2) distance between the Moon and the Sun changes 3) Moon s orbit is elliptical 4) Moon is rotating 12. Compared to the terrestrial planets, the Jovian planets have 1) longer periods of revolution 2) smaller diameters 3) slower rates of rotation 4) greater average densities 1) 2) 3) 13. The shape of the orbits of most of the planets in the solar system would best be described as 1) perfectly circular 2) elliptical and very elongated 3) nearly circular 4) parabolic 14. Which diagram best represents the motions of celestial objects in a heliocentric model? 4) 1) 3) 10. Compared to Jovian planets, terrestrial planets have 1) shorter periods of revolution 2) larger equatorial diameters 3) shorter periods of rotation 4) larger masses 2) 4) Version 2 Page 3 Barnard

4 15. The bar graph below shows one planetary characteristic, identified as X, plotted for the planets of our solar system. Which characteristic of the planets in our solar system is represented by X? 1) eccentricity of orbit 2) mass 3) period of rotation 4) density 16. The diagram below shows the Moon as it revolves around Earth. The numbered locations represent different positions of the Moon in its orbit. Which Moon phase would be seen by an observer in New York State when the Moon is at position 2? 1) 2) 3) 4) Version 2 Page 4 Barnard

5 Base your answers to questions 17 through 19 on the calendar below, which shows the month of July of a recent year. The dates of major Moon phases, as seen in New York State, are shown. The diagram below represents the phase of the Moon observed from New York State one night during the month of July. 17. On which date was this phase of the Moon visible from New York State? 1) July 4 2) July 11 3) July 19 4) July On which date will the next first-quarter Moon phase occur? 1) August 6 2) August 10 3) August 16 4) August Eclipses do not occur every month because the Moon s 1) period of revolution is 27.3 days 2) orbit is inclined to Earth s orbit 3) rate of rotation is 15 each hour 4) period of rotation and period of revolution are the same Version 2 Page 5 Barnard

6 20. The diagram below shows four positions of a planet in its orbit around the Sun. At which position is the planet's orbital speed greatest? 1) A 2) B 3) C 4) D 21. The diagram below shows the elliptical orbit of a planet revolving around a star. The star and F2 are the foci of this ellipse. What is the approximate eccentricity of this ellipse? 1) ) ) ) 1.47 Version 2 Page 6 Barnard

7 22. The diagram below shows a satellite in four different positions as it revolves around a planet. Which graph best represents the changes in this satellite s orbital velocity as it revolves around the planet? 1) 3) 2) 4) 23. Base your answer to the following question on on the information below. On the diagram below, place an X on the Moon's orbit to show the Moon's position during a solar eclipse. Version 2 Page 7 Barnard

8 Base your answers to questions 24 through 27 on the diagram below, which represents an exaggerated model of Earth's orbital shape. Earth is closest to the Sun at one time of year (perihelion) and farthest from the Sun at another time of year (aphelion). 24. State the relationship between Earth's distance from the Sun and Earth's orbital velocity. 25. Identify the season in the Northern Hemisphere when Earth is at perihelion. 26. Describe the change that takes place in the apparent size of the Sun, as viewed from Earth, as Earth moves from perihelion to aphelion. 27. State the actual geometric shape of Earth's orbit. Version 2 Page 8 Barnard

9 28. Base your answer to the following question on The diagram below shows the average distance between the Sun and Earth drawn to a scale of 1 centimeter = 100,000,000 kilometers. Using this same scale, place a small dot representing Jupiter along the line to indicate how far Jupiter would be from the Sun, and label the dot "Jupiter." The diagram belowshows the average distance between the Sun and Earth drawn to scale. Using this scale, place a small dot representing Jupiter along the line to indicate how far Jupiter would be from the Sun, and label the dot "Jupiter." 29. Base your answer to the following question on the diagram of the ellipse below. a. Calculate the eccentricity of the ellipse to the nearest thousandth. b. State how the eccentricity of the given ellipse compares to the eccentricity of the orbit of Mars. Version 2 Page 9 Barnard

10 Base your answers to questions 30 and 31 on the diagram below, which shows the locations of high and low tides on Earth at a particular time. 30. Approximately how many hours will pass between high tide and the following low tide? 31. Identify the force that causes ocean tides on Earth. Base your answers to questions 32 and 33 on the diagram below, which shows one position of the Moon in its orbit around Earth. Letters W, X, Y, and Z are locations on Earth s surface. 32. What is the solar time at location Y? Include a.m. or p.m. in your answer. Version 2 Page 10 Barnard

11 33. On the diagram of the Moon below, shade the part of the Moon that appears dark to an observer in New York State when the Moon is at the position shown in the diagram above. Base your answers to questions 34 and 35 on the passage below. Is Earth Gaining Weight? Scientists belive that Earth may gain more than 100 tons of dust from space every day. The dust comes from thawing comets as they orbit the Sun and from pieces of asteroids that collided with other asteroids. Most asteroids orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter. Each dust particle dates back to the days when our solar system was created. So in a way, each tiny speck of dust holds clues to how our solar system formed. All the space dust produced by comets and asteroids in our solar system is drawn to the Sun by its gravitational force. However, space dust that passes within about 60 miles of Earth's surface may be slowed enough by friction with Earth's atmosphere to be pulled to the surface by Earth's gravity. 34. In which temperature zone of Earth's atmosphere is space dust first slowed enough by friction to be pulled to Earth's surface? 35. Approximately how many million kilometers from the Sun are most asteroids located? Version 2 Page 11 Barnard

12 36. Base your answer to the following question on the table below, which shows information about five large objects in the Kuiper Belt. The Kuiper Belt is located approximately 30 to 1000 astronomical units (AU) from the Sun. An astronomical unit is the average distance between Earth and the Sun, million kilometers. On the graph, construct a bar graph of the equatorial diameter of each of the Kuiper Belt objects listed in the table. The diameter of Earth s Moon has been graphed for comparison. Version 2 Page 12 Barnard

13 Base your answers to questions 37 and 38 on the diagram in your answer booklet, which shows the relative diameter sizes of the planets compared to the radius of the Sun. 37. On the diagram above, place an X on the planet with the lowest density. 38. On the diagram above, circle only the terrestrial planets. Version 2 Page 13 Barnard

Astronomy Regents Review

Astronomy Regents Review Name Astronomy Regents Review Base your answers to questions 1 and 2 on the diagram below, which shows s orbit around the un as viewed from space. is shown at eight different positions labeled A through

More information

Earth Science Unit 6: Astronomy Period: Date: Elliptical Orbits

Earth Science Unit 6: Astronomy Period: Date: Elliptical Orbits Earth Science Name: Unit 6: Astronomy Period: Date: Lab # 5 Elliptical Orbits Objective: To compare the shape of the earth s orbit (eccentricity) with the orbits of and with a circle. other planets Focus

More information

Name Period Date Earth and Space Science. Solar System Review

Name Period Date Earth and Space Science. Solar System Review Name Period Date Earth and Space Science Solar System Review 1. is the spinning a planetary object on its axis. 2. is the backward motion of planets. 3. The is a unit less number between 0 and 1 that describes

More information

Name Regents Review Packet #2 Date

Name Regents Review Packet #2 Date Name Regents Review Packet #2 Date Base your answers to questions 1 through 5 on diagram below, which represents the Sun s apparent paths and the solar noon positions for an observer at 42 N latitude on

More information

A) M D) The Moon s distance from Earth varies in a cyclic manner.

A) M D) The Moon s distance from Earth varies in a cyclic manner. Base your answers to questions 1 and 2 on the diagram below, which shows Earth in orbit around the Sun, and the Moon in orbit around Earth. M 1, M 2, M 3, and M 4 indicate positions of the Moon in its

More information

Explain the Big Bang Theory and give two pieces of evidence which support it.

Explain the Big Bang Theory and give two pieces of evidence which support it. Name: OBJECTIVES Correctly define: asteroid, celestial object, comet, constellation, Doppler effect, eccentricity, eclipse, ellipse, focus, Foucault Pendulum, galaxy, geocentric model, heliocentric model,

More information

THE SOLAR SYSTEM. Base your answers to questions 2 through 6 on the diagram below, which shows a portion of the solar system.

THE SOLAR SYSTEM. Base your answers to questions 2 through 6 on the diagram below, which shows a portion of the solar system. THE SOLAR SYSTEM 1. The atmosphere of Venus is composed primarily of A hydrogen and helium B carbon dioxide C methane D ammonia Base your answers to questions 2 through 6 on the diagram below, which shows

More information

Earth Moon Motions A B1

Earth Moon Motions A B1 Earth Moon Motions A B1 1. The Coriolis effect provides evidence that Earth (1) rotates on its axis (2) revolves around the Sun (3) undergoes cyclic tidal changes (4) has a slightly eccentric orbit 9.

More information

SPI Use data to draw conclusions about the major components of the universe.

SPI Use data to draw conclusions about the major components of the universe. SPI 0607.6.1 - Use data to draw conclusions about the major components of the universe. o Stars are huge, hot, brilliant balls of gas trillions of kilometers away. A Galaxy is a collection of billions

More information

Which letter on the timeline best represents the time when scientists estimate that the Big Bang occurred? A) A B) B C) C D) D

Which letter on the timeline best represents the time when scientists estimate that the Big Bang occurred? A) A B) B C) C D) D 1. The red shift of light from most galaxies is evidence that A) most galaxies are moving away from Earth B) a majority of stars in most galaxies are red giants C) the light slows down as it nears Earth

More information

October 19, NOTES Solar System Data Table.notebook. Which page in the ESRT???? million km million. average.

October 19, NOTES Solar System Data Table.notebook. Which page in the ESRT???? million km million. average. Celestial Object: Naturally occurring object that exists in space. NOT spacecraft or man-made satellites Which page in the ESRT???? Mean = average Units = million km How can we find this using the Solar

More information

Practice Seasons Moon Quiz

Practice Seasons Moon Quiz 1. Which diagram represents the tilt of Earth's axis relative to the Sun's rays on December 15? A) B) C) D) 2. The diagram below represents Earth in space on the first day of a season. 5. Base your answer

More information

NAME: Log onto YouTube and search for jocrisci channel.

NAME: Log onto YouTube and search for jocrisci channel. NAME: Log onto YouTube and search for jocrisci channel. EARTH MOTIONS (Video 10.1) 1. Define rotation, how long it takes, which direction it happens, the proof it happens, and the result. 2. Define revolution,

More information

Practice Test DeAnza College Astronomy 04 Test 1 Spring Quarter 2009

Practice Test DeAnza College Astronomy 04 Test 1 Spring Quarter 2009 Practice Test DeAnza College Astronomy 04 Test 1 Spring Quarter 2009 Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Mark answer on Scantron.

More information

Mid Term Prep-Moon Review 2

Mid Term Prep-Moon Review 2 Base your answers to questions 1 through 3 on the diagram below, which shows positions of the Moon in its orbit and phases of the Moon as viewed from New York State. 1. Which statement best explains why

More information

Astronomy, PART 2. Vocabulary. A. Universe - Our Milky Way Galaxy is one of of galaxies in an expanding universe.

Astronomy, PART 2. Vocabulary. A. Universe - Our Milky Way Galaxy is one of of galaxies in an expanding universe. Astronomy, PART 2 Vocabulary Aphelion Asteroid Astronomical Unit Comet Constellation Crater Eccentricity Eclipse Equinox Geocentric model Gravitation Heliocentric model Inertia Jovian Perihelion Revolution

More information

Coriolis Effect - the apparent curved paths of projectiles, winds, and ocean currents

Coriolis Effect - the apparent curved paths of projectiles, winds, and ocean currents Regents Earth Science Unit 5: Astronomy Models of the Universe Earliest models of the universe were based on the idea that the Sun, Moon, and planets all orbit the Earth models needed to explain how the

More information

Investigations in Earth and Space Science Semester Review: Unit 1 and Unit 2

Investigations in Earth and Space Science Semester Review: Unit 1 and Unit 2 IESS Unit 1: Solar Energy & Fluid Circulation Review Directions: Write the answer to each question in the box to the right of the question. Fold your paper along the line and use this as a review sheet!

More information

A. the spinning of Earth on its axis B. the path of the Sun around Earth

A. the spinning of Earth on its axis B. the path of the Sun around Earth stronomy 1 Packet Write answers on your own paper 1. The Sun appears to move across the sky each day. What causes this?. the spinning of Earth on its axis. the path of the Sun around Earth. the production

More information

D. most intense and of longest duration C. D.

D. most intense and of longest duration C. D. Astronomy Take Home Test Answer on a separate sheet of paper In complete sentences justify your answer Name: 1. The Moon s cycle of phases can be observed from Earth because the Moon 4. The accompanying

More information

UNIT 3: EARTH S MOTIONS

UNIT 3: EARTH S MOTIONS UNIT 3: EARTH S MOTIONS After Unit 3 you should be able to: o Differentiate between rotation and revolution of the Earth o Apply the rates of rotation and revolution to basic problems o Recall the evidence

More information

18. Kepler as a young man became the assistant to A) Nicolaus Copernicus. B) Ptolemy. C) Tycho Brahe. D) Sir Isaac Newton.

18. Kepler as a young man became the assistant to A) Nicolaus Copernicus. B) Ptolemy. C) Tycho Brahe. D) Sir Isaac Newton. Name: Date: 1. The word planet is derived from a Greek term meaning A) bright nighttime object. B) astrological sign. C) wanderer. D) nontwinkling star. 2. The planets that were known before the telescope

More information

1. Determine the length of time between the two high tides shown for May 13.

1. Determine the length of time between the two high tides shown for May 13. Name Roy G Biv Base your answers to questions 1 through 3 on the diagrams and tables below and on your knowledge of Earth science. Each diagram represents the Moon's orbital position and each table lists

More information

Lecture 13. Gravity in the Solar System

Lecture 13. Gravity in the Solar System Lecture 13 Gravity in the Solar System Guiding Questions 1. How was the heliocentric model established? What are monumental steps in the history of the heliocentric model? 2. How do Kepler s three laws

More information

1) Kepler's third law allows us to find the average distance to a planet from observing its period of rotation on its axis.

1) Kepler's third law allows us to find the average distance to a planet from observing its period of rotation on its axis. Descriptive Astronomy (ASTR 108) Exam 1 A February 17, 2010 Name: In each of the following multiple choice questions, select the best possible answer. In the line on the scan sheet corresponding to the

More information

3) During retrograde motion a planet appears to be A) dimmer than usual. B) the same brightness as usual C) brighter than usual.

3) During retrograde motion a planet appears to be A) dimmer than usual. B) the same brightness as usual C) brighter than usual. Descriptive Astronomy (ASTR 108) Exam 1 B February 17, 2010 Name: In each of the following multiple choice questions, select the best possible answer. In the line on the scan sheet corresponding to the

More information

1UNIT. The Universe. What do you remember? Key language. Content objectives

1UNIT. The Universe. What do you remember? Key language. Content objectives 1UNIT The Universe What do you remember? What are the points of light in this photo? What is the difference between a star and a planet? a moon and a comet? Content objectives In this unit, you will Learn

More information

The Earth & its good friend, the Moon. SNC1D7 - Space

The Earth & its good friend, the Moon. SNC1D7 - Space The Earth & its good friend, the Moon SNC1D7 - Space Key Questions! What causes... day and night? the seasons? the tides? What are eclipses? Let s eat some space oreos! How do we know the Earth is round?

More information

7.4 Universal Gravitation

7.4 Universal Gravitation Circular Motion Velocity is a vector quantity, which means that it involves both speed (magnitude) and direction. Therefore an object traveling at a constant speed can still accelerate if the direction

More information

Regents Review Packet #2 Multiple Choice

Regents Review Packet #2 Multiple Choice A) B) Regents Review Packet #2 Multiple Choice 1. Which diagram best represents the regions of Earth in sunlight on June 21 and December 21? [NP indicates the North Pole and the shading represents Earth's

More information

Patterns in the Solar System (Chapter 18)

Patterns in the Solar System (Chapter 18) GEOLOGY 306 Laboratory Instructor: TERRY J. BOROUGHS NAME: Patterns in the Solar System (Chapter 18) For this assignment you will require: a calculator, colored pencils, a metric ruler, and meter stick.

More information

Orbital Mechanics. CTLA Earth & Environmental Science

Orbital Mechanics. CTLA Earth & Environmental Science Orbital Mechanics CTLA Earth & Environmental Science The Earth Spherical body that is flattened near the poles due to centrifugal force (rotation of the Earth) 40,074 KM across at the Equator 40,0007 KM

More information

Physical Science. Chapter 22 The Earth in Space

Physical Science. Chapter 22 The Earth in Space Physical Science Chapter 22 The Earth in Space Earth s Rotation Axis imaginary line passing through the North and South Pole Earth s axis is tilted at 23 ½ degrees Rotation: the Earth spinning on its axis

More information

Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation

Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation Base your answers to questions 1 and 2 on the passage below and on your knowledge of Earth Science. Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation In the 1920s, Edwin Hubble's discovery of a pattern in the red

More information

Directed Reading. Section: Viewing the Universe THE VALUE OF ASTRONOMY. Skills Worksheet. 1. How did observations of the sky help farmers in the past?

Directed Reading. Section: Viewing the Universe THE VALUE OF ASTRONOMY. Skills Worksheet. 1. How did observations of the sky help farmers in the past? Skills Worksheet Directed Reading Section: Viewing the Universe 1. How did observations of the sky help farmers in the past? 2. How did observations of the sky help sailors in the past? 3. What is the

More information

Mid Term Prep-The Moon

Mid Term Prep-The Moon 1. A high tide occurred at 6:00 a.m. at a beach on Long Island. The next high tide at this same beach would occur at approximately A) 12:15 p.m. on the same day B) 6:30 p.m. on the same day C) 12:45 p.m.

More information

Apparent Motion. How do celestial objects appear to move across the sky?

Apparent Motion. How do celestial objects appear to move across the sky? Apparent Motion How do celestial objects appear to move across the sky? 1 Apparent Motions Geocentric Universe - idea that Earth was at the center of the solar system Stars all rotate around the Earth

More information

Miami Dade County Public Schools Educational Transformation Office and the Division of Academics: Department of Science

Miami Dade County Public Schools Educational Transformation Office and the Division of Academics: Department of Science Unit 5 Assessment Comprehensive Science III Directions: Read through the questions carefully and select the best answer choice on your bubble sheet. 1. Space exploration has advanced our knowledge of the

More information

Chapter. Origin of Modern Astronomy

Chapter. Origin of Modern Astronomy Chapter Origin of Modern Astronomy 22.1 Early Astronomy Ancient Greeks Astronomy is the science that studies the universe. It includes the observation and interpretation of celestial bodies and phenomena.

More information

UNIT 1: EARTH AND THE SOLAR SYSTEM.

UNIT 1: EARTH AND THE SOLAR SYSTEM. UNIT 1: EARTH AND THE SOLAR SYSTEM. 1) A BRIEF HISTORY Theories of the Universe In the second century BC, the astronomer Ptolemy proposed that the Earth was the centre of the Universe, and that the Sun,

More information

Name: Earth 110 Exploration of the Solar System Assignment 1: Celestial Motions and Forces Due on Tuesday, Jan. 19, 2016

Name: Earth 110 Exploration of the Solar System Assignment 1: Celestial Motions and Forces Due on Tuesday, Jan. 19, 2016 Name: Earth 110 Exploration of the Solar System Assignment 1: Celestial Motions and Forces Due on Tuesday, Jan. 19, 2016 Why are celestial motions and forces important? They explain the world around us.

More information

Patterns in the Solar System (Chapter 18)

Patterns in the Solar System (Chapter 18) GEOLOGY 306 Laboratory Instructor: TERRY J. BOROUGHS NAME: Patterns in the Solar System (Chapter 18) For this assignment you will require: a calculator, colored pencils, a metric ruler, and meter stick.

More information

4. What verb is used to describe Earth s

4. What verb is used to describe Earth s Name: Date: 1 Read the text and then answer the questions. No matter where on Earth you live, you have day and night. That happens because of a movement of Earth called rotation. Earth rotates, or turns,

More information

Gravity. Newton s Law of Gravitation Kepler s Laws of Planetary Motion Gravitational Fields

Gravity. Newton s Law of Gravitation Kepler s Laws of Planetary Motion Gravitational Fields Gravity Newton s Law of Gravitation Kepler s Laws of Planetary Motion Gravitational Fields Simulation Synchronous Rotation https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ozib_l eg75q Sun-Earth-Moon System https://vimeo.com/16015937

More information

The Curious Tale of Asteroid Hermes

The Curious Tale of Asteroid Hermes Base your answers to questions 1 through 4 on the passage and diagram below. The diagram shows the orbits of the four inner planets and the asteroid Hermes around the Sun. Point A represents a position

More information

lightyears observable universe astronomical unit po- laris perihelion Milky Way

lightyears observable universe astronomical unit po- laris perihelion Milky Way 1 Chapter 1 Astronomical distances are so large we typically measure distances in lightyears: the distance light can travel in one year, or 9.46 10 12 km or 9, 600, 000, 000, 000 km. Looking into the sky

More information

SPACE REVIEW FOR SOL (6 th GRADE TOPIC)

SPACE REVIEW FOR SOL (6 th GRADE TOPIC) SPACE REVIEW FOR SOL (6 th GRADE TOPIC) Helpful sources: Quizlet study sets, video links in this review packet, your 6 th grade notebook Solar System and Planets Solar System 101: http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/101-videos/solar-system-sci

More information

ASTRONOMY. S6E1 a, b, c, d, e, f S6E2 a, b, c,

ASTRONOMY. S6E1 a, b, c, d, e, f S6E2 a, b, c, ASTRONOMY S6E1 a, b, c, d, e, f S6E2 a, b, c, UNIVERSE Age 13.7 billion years old The Big Bang Theory Protons and Neutrons formed hydrogen and helium. This created heat that formed the stars. Other elements

More information

Effective August 2007 All indicators in Standard / 14

Effective August 2007 All indicators in Standard / 14 8-4.1 Summarize the characteristics and movements of objects in the solar system (including planets, moons, asteroids, comets, and meteors). Taxonomy level: 2.4-B Understand Conceptual Knowledge Previous/Future

More information

PHYS 155 Introductory Astronomy

PHYS 155 Introductory Astronomy PHYS 155 Introductory Astronomy - observing sessions: Sunday Thursday, 9pm, weather permitting http://www.phys.uconn.edu/observatory - Exam - Tuesday March 20, - Review Monday 6:30-9pm, PB 38 Marek Krasnansky

More information

Astronomy 3. Earth Movements Seasons The Moon Eclipses Tides Planets Asteroids, Meteors, Comets

Astronomy 3. Earth Movements Seasons The Moon Eclipses Tides Planets Asteroids, Meteors, Comets Astronomy 3 Earth Movements Seasons The Moon Eclipses Tides Planets Asteroids, Meteors, Comets Earth s Movements Orbit- the path in which an object travels around another object in space Revolution the

More information

KEPLER S LAWS OF PLANETARY MOTION

KEPLER S LAWS OF PLANETARY MOTION KEPLER S LAWS OF PLANETARY MOTION In the early 1600s, Johannes Kepler culminated his analysis of the extensive data taken by Tycho Brahe and published his three laws of planetary motion, which we know

More information

DeAnza College Winter First Midterm Exam MAKE ALL MARKS DARK AND COMPLETE.

DeAnza College Winter First Midterm Exam MAKE ALL MARKS DARK AND COMPLETE. FAMILY NAME : (Please PRINT!) GIVEN NAME : (Please PRINT!) Signature: ASTRONOMY 4 DeAnza College Winter 2018 First Midterm Exam MAKE ALL MARKS DARK AND COMPLETE. Instructions: 1. On your Parscore sheet

More information

Class Notes: Astronomy

Class Notes: Astronomy Name: Date: Period: Astronomy The Physical Setting: Earth Science Class Notes: Astronomy I. Apparent Motion Geocentric Universe -! Starts all rotate around the Earth on a single sphere at º/hour Planets

More information

Astronomy Unit Notes Name:

Astronomy Unit Notes Name: Astronomy Unit Notes Name: (DO NOT LOSE!) To help with the planets order 1 My = M 2 V = Venus 3 Eager = E 4 M = Mars 5 Just = J 6 Served = Saturn 7 Us = Uranus 8 N = N 1 Orbit: The path (usually elliptical)

More information

Which of the following planets are all made up of gas? When a planets orbit around the Sun looks like an oval, it s called a(n)

Which of the following planets are all made up of gas? When a planets orbit around the Sun looks like an oval, it s called a(n) When a planets orbit around the Sun looks like an oval, it s called a(n) - ellipse - circle - axis - rotation Which of the following planets are all made up of gas? - Venus, Mars, Saturn and Pluto - Jupiter,

More information

Name Date. Directions: Match the vocabulary terms on the left with the definitions on the right.

Name Date. Directions: Match the vocabulary terms on the left with the definitions on the right. Name Date Directions: Match the vocabulary terms on the left with the definitions on the right. Terms Definitions 1. black hole a. the point in the sky that is directly over the head of the observer. 2.

More information

1 The Solar System. 1.1 a journey into our galaxy

1 The Solar System. 1.1 a journey into our galaxy 1 The Solar System Though Pluto, and the far-flung depths of the Solar System, is the focus of this book, it is essential that Pluto is placed in the context of the planetary system that it inhabits our

More information

Chapter 16 The Solar System

Chapter 16 The Solar System Chapter 16 The Solar System Finding the Standard Time and Date at Another Location Example When it is 12 noon in London, what is the standard time in Denver, Colorado (40 N, 105 W)? Section 15.3 Finding

More information

Answer Questions 1 4

Answer Questions 1 4 Name Date Period Introduction: Even though the moon does not appear to turn on its own axis from the Earth s point of view, it is indeed rotating as it revolves around the Earth. In the following activity,

More information

Early Theories. Early astronomers believed that the sun, planets and stars orbited Earth (geocentric model) Developed by Aristotle

Early Theories. Early astronomers believed that the sun, planets and stars orbited Earth (geocentric model) Developed by Aristotle Planetary Motion Early Theories Early astronomers believed that the sun, planets and stars orbited Earth (geocentric model) Developed by Aristotle Stars appear to move around Earth Observations showed

More information

Basics of Kepler and Newton. Orbits of the planets, moons,

Basics of Kepler and Newton. Orbits of the planets, moons, Basics of Kepler and Newton Orbits of the planets, moons, Kepler s Laws, as derived by Newton. Kepler s Laws Universal Law of Gravity Three Laws of Motion Deriving Kepler s Laws Recall: The Copernican

More information

PHYS 106 Fall 2151 Homework 3 Due: Thursday, 8 Oct 2015

PHYS 106 Fall 2151 Homework 3 Due: Thursday, 8 Oct 2015 PHYS 106 Fall 2151 Homework 3 Due: Thursday, 8 Oct 2015 When you do a calculation, show all your steps. Do not just give an answer. You may work with others, but the work you submit should be your own.

More information

Space Science Jeopardy!

Space Science Jeopardy! Space Science Jeopardy! Structure of the Universe Stars & HR Diagram Seasons, Tides, Phases, Eclipses Astronomical Bodies The Sun & Gravity 10 10 10 10 10 20 20 20 20 20 30 30 30 30 30 40 40 40 40 40 50

More information

Chapter Introduction Lesson 1 Earth s Motion Lesson 2 Earth s Moon Lesson 3 Eclipses and Tides Chapter Wrap-Up. Jason Reed/Photodisc/Getty Images

Chapter Introduction Lesson 1 Earth s Motion Lesson 2 Earth s Moon Lesson 3 Eclipses and Tides Chapter Wrap-Up. Jason Reed/Photodisc/Getty Images Chapter Introduction Lesson 1 Earth s Motion Lesson 2 Earth s Moon Lesson 3 Eclipses and Tides Chapter Wrap-Up Jason Reed/Photodisc/Getty Images What natural phenomena do the motions of Earth and the Moon

More information

Rotation and Revolution

Rotation and Revolution On Earth, each day begins at sunrise and ends at sunset. You see the Sun come up or rise in the morning and go down or set at night. When we use these phrases, what do you think they imply about the way

More information

Observational Astronomy - Lecture 4 Orbits, Motions, Kepler s and Newton s Laws

Observational Astronomy - Lecture 4 Orbits, Motions, Kepler s and Newton s Laws Observational Astronomy - Lecture 4 Orbits, Motions, Kepler s and Newton s Laws Craig Lage New York University - Department of Physics craig.lage@nyu.edu February 24, 2014 1 / 21 Tycho Brahe s Equatorial

More information

This clementine orange is an oblate spheroid. Earth is more rounded than this clementine, but it is still an oblate spheroid.

This clementine orange is an oblate spheroid. Earth is more rounded than this clementine, but it is still an oblate spheroid. On Earth, each day begins at sunrise and ends at sunset. You see the Sun come up or rise in the morning and go down or set at night. When we use these phrases, what do you think they imply about the way

More information

Earth in the Universe Unit Notes

Earth in the Universe Unit Notes Earth in the Universe Unit Notes The Universe - everything everywhere, 15-20 billion years old Inside the universe there are billions of Galaxies Inside each Galaxy there are billions of Solar Systems

More information

SAMPLE First Midterm Exam

SAMPLE First Midterm Exam Astronomy 1000 Dr C. Barnbaum SAMPLE First Midterm Exam Note: This is a sample exam. It is NOT the exam you will take. I give out sample exams so that you will have an understanding of the depth of knowledge

More information

The Solar System LEARNING TARGETS. Scientific Language. Name Test Date Hour

The Solar System LEARNING TARGETS. Scientific Language. Name Test Date Hour Name Test Date Hour Astronomy#3 - Notebook The Solar System LEARNING TARGETS I can describe the objects that make up our solar system. I can identify the inner and outer planets. I can explain the difference

More information

Question 1. What motion is responsible for the apparent motion of the constellations (east to west) across the sky?

Question 1. What motion is responsible for the apparent motion of the constellations (east to west) across the sky? What motion is responsible for the apparent motion of the constellations (east to west) across the sky? Question 1 1) the motion of Earth around the Sun 2) the motion of the Moon around Earth 3) the motion

More information

Introduction to Astronomy

Introduction to Astronomy Introduction to Astronomy Have you ever wondered what is out there in space besides Earth? As you see the stars and moon, many questions come up with the universe, possibility of living on another planet

More information

Gravitation and the Waltz of the Planets

Gravitation and the Waltz of the Planets Gravitation and the Waltz of the Planets Chapter Four Guiding Questions 1. How did ancient astronomers explain the motions of the planets? 2. Why did Copernicus think that the Earth and the other planets

More information

AY2 Winter 2017 Midterm Exam Prof. C. Rockosi February 14, Name and Student ID Section Day/Time

AY2 Winter 2017 Midterm Exam Prof. C. Rockosi February 14, Name and Student ID Section Day/Time AY2 Winter 2017 Midterm Exam Prof. C. Rockosi February 14, 2017 Name and Student ID Section Day/Time Write your name and student ID number on this printed exam, and fill them in on your Scantron form.

More information

Earth s Motion. Lesson Outline LESSON 1. A. Earth and the Sun 1. The diameter is more than 100 times greater than

Earth s Motion. Lesson Outline LESSON 1. A. Earth and the Sun 1. The diameter is more than 100 times greater than Lesson Outline Earth s Motion LESSON 1 A. Earth and the Sun 1. The diameter is more than 100 times greater than Earth s diameter. a. In the Sun, atoms combine during, producing huge amounts of energy.

More information

The Solar System CHAPTER 6. Vocabulary. star an object in space that makes its own light and heat. moon an object that circles around a planet

The Solar System CHAPTER 6. Vocabulary. star an object in space that makes its own light and heat. moon an object that circles around a planet CHAPTER 6 The Solar System Vocabulary star an object in space that makes its own light and heat moon an object that circles around a planet Sun astronomical unit the distance between Earth and the Sun

More information

Exam #1 Study Guide (Note this is not all the information you need to know for the test, these are just SOME of the main points)

Exam #1 Study Guide (Note this is not all the information you need to know for the test, these are just SOME of the main points) Exam #1 Study Guide (Note this is not all the information you need to know for the test, these are just SOME of the main points) Moon Phases Moon is always ½ illuminated by the Sun, and the sunlit side

More information

Gravitation and the Motion of the Planets

Gravitation and the Motion of the Planets Gravitation and the Motion of the Planets 1 Guiding Questions 1. How did ancient astronomers explain the motions of the planets? 2. Why did Copernicus think that the Earth and the other planets go around

More information

17. According to the data below, what is the exact shape of the Earth?

17. According to the data below, what is the exact shape of the Earth? 1. The Earth is slightly flattened from a perfect spherical shape because of A) its rotation B) the pull of the sun and moon C) storms on the sun's surface D) its molten core 2. Which diagram most accurately

More information

Astronomy 1143 Quiz 1 Review

Astronomy 1143 Quiz 1 Review Astronomy 1143 Quiz 1 Review Prof. Pradhan September 7, 2017 I What is Science? 1. Explain the difference between astronomy and astrology. Astrology: nonscience using zodiac sign to predict the future/personality

More information

AP Physics QUIZ Gravitation

AP Physics QUIZ Gravitation AP Physics QUIZ Gravitation Name: 1. If F1 is the magnitude of the force exerted by the Earth on a satellite in orbit about the Earth and F2 is the magnitude of the force exerted by the satellite on the

More information

Chapter 1: Discovering the Night Sky. The sky is divided into 88 unequal areas that we call constellations.

Chapter 1: Discovering the Night Sky. The sky is divided into 88 unequal areas that we call constellations. Chapter 1: Discovering the Night Sky Constellations: Recognizable patterns of the brighter stars that have been derived from ancient legends. Different cultures have associated the patterns with their

More information

Earth Science, 11e. Origin of Modern Astronomy Chapter 21. Early history of astronomy. Early history of astronomy. Early history of astronomy

Earth Science, 11e. Origin of Modern Astronomy Chapter 21. Early history of astronomy. Early history of astronomy. Early history of astronomy 2006 Pearson Prentice Hall Lecture Outlines PowerPoint Chapter 21 Earth Science 11e Tarbuck/Lutgens This work is protected by United States copyright laws and is provided solely for the use of instructors

More information

UNIT 3: Chapter 8: The Solar System (pages )

UNIT 3: Chapter 8: The Solar System (pages ) CORNELL NOTES Directions: You must create a minimum of 5 questions in this column per page (average). Use these to study your notes and prepare for tests and quizzes. Notes will be turned in to your teacher

More information

Chapter 26 Section 1 pages Directed Reading Section: Viewing the Universe

Chapter 26 Section 1 pages Directed Reading Section: Viewing the Universe Name: Period: Chapter 26 Section 1 pages 659-666 Directed Reading Section: Viewing the Universe 1. How did observations of the sky help sailors in the past? 2. What is the main reason people study the

More information

The Solar System. Name Test Date Hour

The Solar System. Name Test Date Hour Name Test Date Hour Astronomy#3 - Notebook The Solar System LEARNING TARGETS I can describe the objects that make up our solar system. I can identify the inner and outer planets. I can explain the difference

More information

Unit 3 Lesson 2 Gravity and the Solar System. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 3 Lesson 2 Gravity and the Solar System. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Florida Benchmarks SC.8.N.1.4 Explain how hypotheses are valuable if they lead to further investigations, even if they turn out not to be supported by the data. SC.8.N.1.5 Analyze the methods used to develop

More information

Astronomy 101 Lab: Lunar Phases and Eclipses

Astronomy 101 Lab: Lunar Phases and Eclipses Name: Astronomy 101 Lab: Lunar Phases and Eclipses Pre-Lab Assignment: In this week's lab, you will be using a lamp, a globe, and a ball to simulate the Sun, Earth, and the Moon. You will be able to see

More information

C) the seasonal changes in constellations viewed in the night sky D) The duration of insolation will increase and the temperature will increase.

C) the seasonal changes in constellations viewed in the night sky D) The duration of insolation will increase and the temperature will increase. 1. Which event is a direct result of Earth's revolution? A) the apparent deflection of winds B) the changing of the Moon phases C) the seasonal changes in constellations viewed in the night sky D) the

More information

Name EMS Study Guide. Two important objects that travel around our star are: Planets are not - they don t give off light like stars do

Name EMS Study Guide. Two important objects that travel around our star are: Planets are not - they don t give off light like stars do Name EMS Study Guide Fill in the blank. 1. A is a star and the objects that travel around it. 2. A star is a huge of hydrogen and helium gas that give off its own. 3. Think about our own solar system.

More information

CVtpf 2-1. Section 1 Review. 3. Describe How did the process of outgassing help shape Earth's atmosphere?

CVtpf 2-1. Section 1 Review. 3. Describe How did the process of outgassing help shape Earth's atmosphere? ----------------------------- ---------- ------ Section 1 Review CVtpf 2-1 -- SECTION VOCABULARY planet a celestial body that orbits the sun, is round because of its own gravity, and has cleared the neighborhood

More information

A = 6561 times greater. B. 81 times greater. C. equally strong. D. 1/81 as great. E. (1/81) 2 = 1/6561 as great Pearson Education, Inc.

A = 6561 times greater. B. 81 times greater. C. equally strong. D. 1/81 as great. E. (1/81) 2 = 1/6561 as great Pearson Education, Inc. Q13.1 The mass of the Moon is 1/81 of the mass of the Earth. Compared to the gravitational force that the Earth exerts on the Moon, the gravitational force that the Moon exerts on the Earth is A. 81 2

More information

Gravitation Part I. Ptolemy, Copernicus, Galileo, and Kepler

Gravitation Part I. Ptolemy, Copernicus, Galileo, and Kepler Gravitation Part I. Ptolemy, Copernicus, Galileo, and Kepler Celestial motions The stars: Uniform daily motion about the celestial poles (rising and setting). The Sun: Daily motion around the celestial

More information

Unit: Planetary Science

Unit: Planetary Science Orbital Motion Kepler s Laws GETTING AN ACCOUNT: 1) go to www.explorelearning.com 2) click on Enroll in a class (top right hand area of screen). 3) Where it says Enter class Code enter the number: MLTWD2YAZH

More information

If Earth had no tilt, what else would happen?

If Earth had no tilt, what else would happen? A more in depth explanation from last week: If Earth had no tilt, what else would happen? The equator would be much hotter due to the direct sunlight which would lead to a lower survival rate and little

More information

Greeks watched the stars move across the sky and noticed five stars that wandered around and did not follow the paths of the normal stars.

Greeks watched the stars move across the sky and noticed five stars that wandered around and did not follow the paths of the normal stars. Chapter 23 Our Solar System Our Solar System Historical Astronomy Wandering Stars Greeks watched the stars move across the sky and noticed five stars that wandered around and did not follow the paths of

More information

THE SUN-EARTH-MOON SYSTEM

THE SUN-EARTH-MOON SYSTEM Date Period Name THE SUN-EARTH-MOON SYSTEM SECTION 27.1 Tools of Astronomy In your textbook, read about electromagnetic radiation and telescopes. Use each of the terms below just once to complete the passage.

More information

Earth in Space. Guide for Reading How does Earth move in space? What causes the cycle of seasons on Earth?

Earth in Space. Guide for Reading How does Earth move in space? What causes the cycle of seasons on Earth? Earth in Space How does Earth move in space? What causes the cycle of seasons on Earth? The study of the moon, stars, and other objects in space is called astronomy. Ancient astronomers studied the movements

More information

Unit 12 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System?

Unit 12 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System? Unit 12 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System? The Solar System Earth, other planets, and the moon are part of a solar system. A solar system is made up of a star and the planets and other

More information