Astronomy. Uranus Neptune & Remote Worlds

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Astronomy. Uranus Neptune & Remote Worlds"

Transcription

1 Astronomy A. Dayle Hancock Small 239 Office hours: MTWR 10-11am Uranus Neptune & Remote Worlds Uranus and Neptune Orbits and Atmospheres Internal Structure Magnetic Fields Rings Uranus's Large Moon Neptune's Triton Pluto physics.wm.edu/~hancock/171/ 1

2 Uranus Uranus is the 7th planet from the Sun. It was discovered in 1781 by William Herschel. 2

3 Neptune Neptune is the 8th planet from the Sun. It was discovered in 1846 by noting the small discrepancy in Uranus's orbit and 3 calculating its position using Newton's law of gravity.

4 Uranus When Voyage 2 pasted by Uranus in 1986, the Jovian gas planet appeared nearly featureless. Clouds were not visible even in the close range images. The atmosphere is 82.5% H, 15.2% He which is similar to Jupiter and Saturn. Unlike Jupiter and Saturn, Uranus's atmosphere has 2.3% methane (CH4). T = 55K! Clouds, storms and bands are visible in the IR. Uranus orbits 19.2 AU from the Sun. The most unusual thing about Uranus is its axis of rotation is tilted 97.9o to its orbital plane. Since Uranus's orbital period is 84 years, it is summer at the south pole for 42 years and winter for 42 years 4

5 Neptune Voyage 2 past by Neptune in While it has about the same diameter as Uranus, it is 18% more massive. The atmosphere is 79% H and 18% He, It has 3% CH4 and almost no H2O. It is cold at 55K. There are clouds (like the white Cirrus clouds of CH4 ice.) There are also bands and storms visible in enhanced images. The Great Dark spot has disappeared. Neptune orbits 30 AU from the Sun. Neptune's orbital period is 165 years. Uranus and Neptune receive little solar energy. Unlike Uranus, Neptune emits more energy 5 than it receives probably due to slow contraction.

6 Densities of Uranus and Neptune The densities of Uranus (1320 kg/m 3) and Neptune (1640 kg/m3) are as large or larger than Jupiter (1330 kg/m 3) and Saturn (690 kg/m3). Both planets have a higher concentration of heavy elements than Jupiter or Saturn which is unexpected. Their great distances from the sun is also surprising. That far out there should have not been enough material to form these 6 relatively large planets.

7 Magnetic Fields of Uranus and Neptune Magnetometer on Voyage 2 reveled some surprises about the magnet fields of Uranus and Neptune. The axis of the Magnetic field on Uranus is tilted at 59o to its rotation axis. On Neptune it is 47o. Both fields are offset from the center of the planet. The fields are created by the dynamo effect. The conducting rotating liquid is high compressed H 20 and NH3 which is conducting. 7

8 Rings of Uranus Uranus has three rings. The rings are narrow ( <10 km) and dark. They were discovered in 1977 by observing the occultation of a star with ground based telescopes. They are thought to be composed of carbon compounds which resulted from radiation darkening of CH4 ice. The two faint outer rings were only discovered in

9 Rings of Neptune The rings of Neptune are dark and thin like Uranus. They are also thought to be radiation darkened CH4. The big surprise about Neptune's rings is that they are disappearing. They could be gone in a century if the decay continues. 9

10 Moons of Uranus Uranus has 5 large moons and 22 small moons. Of the 5 large moons Umbriel and Oberon are heavily cratered dead worlds. Ariel and Titania surface appears to have cracked and the surface flooded with ice lava. Miranda (bottom image) is cratered but has the unique 'chevron' feature with cliffs twice as high as Mt. Everest. 10

11 Moons of Neptune Neptune has 13 known moons. Most are small icy bodies similar to the small moons of Uranus. Triton is the one large moon. Triton is in a retrograde orbit around Neptune. The orbit is inclined by 23o. It probably formed else where in the solar system. It surface is mainly water ice and is young from tectonic activity due to tidal forces. There are signs of old ice volcanoes. Triton has a thin tenuous atmosphere. Because of the retrograde orbit, Triton is moving closer to Neptune. It will eventually reach the Roche limit and break up forming a major ring system.11

12 Pluto Pluto was discovered in It is no longer considered a planet because of it small size (2300 km). Its orbit is highly eccentric (e=.25) and the plane of its orbit is steeply inclined (17.2o). This is more than any planet. Its large eccentricity causes it to be closer to the Sun than Neptune during part of its orbit. It axis of rotation is tilted by 120 o (causing extremely long seasons) and its rotation is retrograde. 12

13 Pluto Before July 2015, the best images of Pluto were from the Hubble space telescope. Because Pluto is so far way (semimajor axis = 39.5 AU), the Hubble images do not show any distinct surface features. 13

14 Pluto In July of 2015, the New Horizons space probe flew past Pluto and its moons. This image from the flyby shows a more complex object than expected. Pluto's surface is composed of more than 98% nitrogen ice, with traces of CH 4 and CO. Pluto's density is kg/m 3. The interior is probably differentiated with a rocky core and an ice mantle. 14

15 Charon Charon is the largest moon of Pluto. In fact, the diameter of Charon (1190 km) is about half the size of Pluto (2270 km), This is a recently downloaded image of Charon from the New Horizon flyby. Note the riff near the equator and the area flat dark area near the north pole. Charon orbital period is 6.4 days which is the same as the rotation period of Pluto and the rotation period of Charon. Charon and Pluto always keep the same face toward each other. 15

16 Trans-Neptunian Objects Eris like Pluto is a 'dwarf planet'. Eris is the largest of the trans-neptunian objects. Eris is highly reflective. Its simimajor axis is 68 AU. Like Pluto and the other trans Neptunian objects its orbit has a large eccentricity and the orbit plane is tilted to the ecliptic. Many have satellites of their own (Dysnomia in the case of Eris). Over 35,000 transneptunian object are thought to exist. 16

17 Trans-Neptunian Objects 17

18 Kuiper Belt Most of the TransNeptunian object lie within the Kuiper belt which extends from AU. Eris and Sedna are actually even further out. The Kuiper belt consists of objects left over from the formation of the solar system. It does not appear to be unique to our solar system. The image shows the edge on 'Kuiper' belt of a star which is 57 light years away. 18

The Outermost Planets. The 7 Wanderers known since Antiquity. Uranus and Neptune distinctly Blue-ish!

The Outermost Planets. The 7 Wanderers known since Antiquity. Uranus and Neptune distinctly Blue-ish! The Outermost Planets The 7 Wanderers known since Antiquity. Uranus and Neptune distinctly Blue-ish! Uranus Uranus and 3 of its moons, barely visible from Earth. Discovered by William Herschel 1781. (Accidentally!)

More information

Lecture 25: The Outer Planets

Lecture 25: The Outer Planets Lecture 25: The Outer Planets Neptune Uranus Pluto/Charon Uranus and three moons Neptune and two moons 1 The Outer Planets Uranus Discovered by William Herschel in 1781, who realized that this extended

More information

Earth, Uranus, Neptune & Pluto. 14a. Uranus & Neptune. The Discovery of Uranus. Uranus Data: Numbers. Uranus Data (Table 14-1)

Earth, Uranus, Neptune & Pluto. 14a. Uranus & Neptune. The Discovery of Uranus. Uranus Data: Numbers. Uranus Data (Table 14-1) 14a. Uranus & Neptune The discovery of Uranus & Neptune Uranus is oddly tilted & nearly featureless Neptune is cold & blue Uranus & Neptune are like yet dislike Jupiter The magnetic fields of Uranus &

More information

Uranus & Neptune, The Ice Giants

Uranus & Neptune, The Ice Giants Uranus & Neptune, The Ice Giants What We Will Learn Today How & When were Uranus & Neptune discovered? How are the interiors and weather on these planets? Why is Neptune as warm as Uranus? What are their

More information

Earth, Uranus, Neptune & Pluto

Earth, Uranus, Neptune & Pluto 14a. Uranus, Neptune & Pluto The discovery of Uranus & Neptune Uranus is oddly tilted & nearly featureless Neptune is cold & blue Uranus & Neptune are like yet dislike Jupiter The magnetic fields of Uranus

More information

Uranus and Neptune. Uranus and Neptune Properties. Discovery of Uranus

Uranus and Neptune. Uranus and Neptune Properties. Discovery of Uranus Uranus and Neptune Uranus and Neptune are much smaller than Jupiter and Saturn, but still giants compared to Earth Both are worlds we know relatively little about Voyager 2 is the only spacecraft to visit

More information

Saturn. Slightly smaller 1/3 the mass density 700 kg/m 3. Interior - light elements, lack of rocky materials. Voyager 2, NASA

Saturn. Slightly smaller 1/3 the mass density 700 kg/m 3. Interior - light elements, lack of rocky materials. Voyager 2, NASA Saturn Slightly smaller 1/3 the mass density 700 kg/m 3 Interior - light elements, lack of rocky materials Voyager 2, NASA 1 Saturn - Atmosphere belts - driven by rapid rotation period - 10 hrs 14 min

More information

Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto. Outer Worlds 4/19/07

Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto. Outer Worlds 4/19/07 The : Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto Reading Assignment Finish Chapter 17 Announcements 6 th homework due on Tuesday, April 24 Quiz on Tuesday, April 24 (will cover all lectures since the last exam and Chapters

More information

Jupiter and Saturn. Guiding Questions. Long orbital periods of Jupiter and Saturn cause favorable viewing times to shift

Jupiter and Saturn. Guiding Questions. Long orbital periods of Jupiter and Saturn cause favorable viewing times to shift Jupiter and Saturn 1 2 Guiding Questions 1. Why is the best month to see Jupiter different from one year to the next? 2. Why are there important differences between the atmospheres of Jupiter and Saturn?

More information

Astronomy. physics.wm.edu/~hancock/171/ A. Dayle Hancock. Small 239. Office hours: MTWR 10-11am. Page 1

Astronomy.  physics.wm.edu/~hancock/171/ A. Dayle Hancock. Small 239. Office hours: MTWR 10-11am. Page 1 Astronomy A. Dayle Hancock adhancock@wm.edu Small 239 Office hours: MTWR 10-11am Planetology I Terrestrial and Jovian planets Similarities/differences between planetary satellites Surface and atmosphere

More information

Investigating Astronomy Timothy F. Slater, Roger A. Freeman Chapter 7 Observing the Dynamic Giant Planets

Investigating Astronomy Timothy F. Slater, Roger A. Freeman Chapter 7 Observing the Dynamic Giant Planets Investigating Astronomy Timothy F. Slater, Roger A. Freeman Chapter 7 Observing the Dynamic Giant Planets Observing Jupiter and Saturn The disk of Jupiter at opposition appears about two times larger than

More information

Uranus & Neptune: The Ice Giants. Discovery of Uranus. Bode s Law. Discovery of Neptune

Uranus & Neptune: The Ice Giants. Discovery of Uranus. Bode s Law. Discovery of Neptune Uranus & Neptune: The Ice Giants Discovery of Uranus Discovery of Uranus & Neptune Properties Density & Composition Internal Heat Source Magnetic fields Rings Uranus Rotational Axis by William Herschel

More information

Chapter 11 Jovian Planet Systems. Comparing the Jovian Planets. Jovian Planet Composition 4/10/16. Spacecraft Missions

Chapter 11 Jovian Planet Systems. Comparing the Jovian Planets. Jovian Planet Composition 4/10/16. Spacecraft Missions Chapter 11 Jovian Planet Systems Jovian Planet Interiors and Atmospheres How are jovian planets alike? What are jovian planets like on the inside? What is the weather like on jovian planets? Do jovian

More information

Edmonds Community College ASTRONOMY 100 Sample Test #2 Fall Quarter 2006

Edmonds Community College ASTRONOMY 100 Sample Test #2 Fall Quarter 2006 Edmonds Community College ASTRONOMY 100 Sample Test #2 Fall Quarter 2006 Instructor: L. M. Khandro 10/19/06 Please Note: the following test derives from a course and text that covers the entire topic of

More information

Chapter 11 Jovian Planet Systems. Jovian Planet Composition. Are jovian planets all alike? Density Differences. Density Differences

Chapter 11 Jovian Planet Systems. Jovian Planet Composition. Are jovian planets all alike? Density Differences. Density Differences Chapter 11 Jovian Planet Systems 11.1 A Different Kind of Planet Our goals for learning Are jovian planets all alike? What are jovian planets like on the inside? What is the weather like on jovian planets?

More information

Chapter 11 Jovian Planet Systems

Chapter 11 Jovian Planet Systems Chapter 11 Jovian Planet Systems 11.1 A Different Kind of Planet Our goals for learning: Are jovian planets all alike? What are jovian planets like on the inside? What is the weather like on jovian planets?

More information

Our Planetary System. Chapter 7

Our Planetary System. Chapter 7 Our Planetary System Chapter 7 Key Concepts for Chapter 7 and 8 Inventory of the Solar System Origin of the Solar System What does the Solar System consist of? The Sun: It has 99.85% of the mass of the

More information

1/13/16. Solar System Formation

1/13/16. Solar System Formation Solar System Formation 1 Your Parents Solar System 21 st Century Solar System 2 The 21 st Century Solar System Sun Terrestrial Planets Asteroid Belt Jovian Planets Kuiper Belt Oort Cloud The Solar System:

More information

Object Type Moons Rings Planet Terrestrial none none. Max Distance from Sun. Min Distance from Sun. Avg. Distance from Sun 57,910,000 km 0.

Object Type Moons Rings Planet Terrestrial none none. Max Distance from Sun. Min Distance from Sun. Avg. Distance from Sun 57,910,000 km 0. Mercury Mercury is the closest planet to the sun. It is extremely hot on the side of the planet facing the sun and very cold on the other. There is no water on the surface. There is practically no atmosphere.

More information

Unit 3 Lesson 5 The Gas Giant Planets. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 3 Lesson 5 The Gas Giant Planets. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Florida Benchmarks SC.8.E.5.3 Distinguish the hierarchical relationships between planets and other astronomical bodies relative to solar system, galaxy, and universe, including distance, size, and composition.

More information

Lecture 11 The Structure and Atmospheres of the Outer Planets October 9, 2017

Lecture 11 The Structure and Atmospheres of the Outer Planets October 9, 2017 Lecture 11 The Structure and Atmospheres of the Outer Planets October 9, 2017 1 2 Jovian Planets 3 Jovian Planets -- Basic Information Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Distance 5.2 AU 9.5 AU 19 AU 30 AU Spin

More information

Inner and Outer Planets

Inner and Outer Planets Inner and Outer Planets SPI 0607.6.2 Explain how the relative distance of objects from the earth affects how they appear. Inner Planets Terrestrial planets are those that are closest to the Sun. Terrestrial

More information

Astronomy. physics.wm.edu/~hancock/171/ A. Dayle Hancock. Small 239. Office hours: MTWR 10-11am

Astronomy.  physics.wm.edu/~hancock/171/ A. Dayle Hancock. Small 239. Office hours: MTWR 10-11am Astronomy A. Dayle Hancock adhancock@wm.edu Small 239 Office hours: MTWR 10-11am Planetology II Key characteristics Chemical elements and planet size Radioactive dating Solar system formation Solar nebula

More information

Astronomy 1140 Quiz 4 Review

Astronomy 1140 Quiz 4 Review Astronomy 1140 Quiz 4 Review Anil Pradhan December 6, 2016 I The Outer Planets in General 1. How do the sizes, masses and densities of the outer planets compare with the inner planets? The outer planets

More information

The Gas Giants Astronomy Lesson 13

The Gas Giants Astronomy Lesson 13 The Gas Giants Astronomy Lesson 13 The four outer planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune, are much larger and more massive than Earth, and they do not have solid surfaces. Because these planets

More information

The Outer Planets (pages )

The Outer Planets (pages ) The Outer Planets (pages 720 727) Gas Giants and Pluto (page 721) Key Concept: The first four outer planets Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune are much larger and more massive than Earth, and they do

More information

The Jovian Planets. The Jovian planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune

The Jovian Planets. The Jovian planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune The Jovian planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune Their masses are large compared with terrestrial planets, from 15 to 320 times the Earth s mass They are gaseous Low density All of them have rings

More information

Starting from closest to the Sun, name the orbiting planets in order.

Starting from closest to the Sun, name the orbiting planets in order. Chapter 9 Section 1: Our Solar System Solar System: The solar system includes the sun, planets and many smaller structures. A planet and its moon(s) make up smaller systems in the solar system. Scientist

More information

OUR SOLAR SYSTEM. James Martin. Facebook.com/groups/AstroLSSC Twitter.com/AstroLSSC

OUR SOLAR SYSTEM. James Martin. Facebook.com/groups/AstroLSSC Twitter.com/AstroLSSC OUR SOLAR SYSTEM James Martin Facebook.com/groups/AstroLSSC Twitter.com/AstroLSSC It s time for the human race to enter the solar system. -Dan Quayle Structure of the Solar System Our Solar System contains

More information

A Survey of the Planets Earth Mercury Moon Venus

A Survey of the Planets Earth Mercury Moon Venus A Survey of the Planets [Slides] Mercury Difficult to observe - never more than 28 degree angle from the Sun. Mariner 10 flyby (1974) Found cratered terrain. Messenger Orbiter (Launch 2004; Orbit 2009)

More information

Mercury Named after: Mercury, the fast-footed Roman messenger of the gods. Mean Distance from the Sun: 57,909,175 km (35,983,093.1 miles) or 0.

Mercury Named after: Mercury, the fast-footed Roman messenger of the gods. Mean Distance from the Sun: 57,909,175 km (35,983,093.1 miles) or 0. Mercury Named after: Mercury, the fast-footed Roman messenger of the gods. Mean Distance from the Sun: 57,909,175 km (35,983,093.1 miles) or 0.387 astronomical units Diameter: 4,879.4 km (3,031.92 miles)

More information

Physics Homework 4 Fall 2015

Physics Homework 4 Fall 2015 1) How were the rings of Uranus discovered? 1) A) by Percival Lowell, who observed two "bumps" on either side of Uranus B) photometric observations of the occultation of a star made from Earth C) by Voyager

More information

Which of the following statements best describes the general pattern of composition among the four jovian

Which of the following statements best describes the general pattern of composition among the four jovian Part A Which of the following statements best describes the general pattern of composition among the four jovian planets? Hint A.1 Major categories of ingredients in planetary composition The following

More information

Lecture: Planetology. Part II: Solar System Planetology. Orbits of Planets. Rotational Oddities. A. Structure of Solar System. B.

Lecture: Planetology. Part II: Solar System Planetology. Orbits of Planets. Rotational Oddities. A. Structure of Solar System. B. Part II: Solar System Planetology 2 A. Structure of Solar System B. Planetology Lecture: Planetology C. The Planets and Moons Updated: 2012Feb10 A. Components of Solar System 3 Orbits of Planets 4 1. Planets

More information

Chapter 8 Jovian Planet Systems

Chapter 8 Jovian Planet Systems Chapter 8 Jovian Planet Systems How do jovian planets differ from terrestrials? They are much larger than terrestrial planets They do not have solid surfaces The things they are made of are quite different

More information

Chapter 8. Satellites (moons), Rings, and Plutoids. Reading assignment: Chapter 8

Chapter 8. Satellites (moons), Rings, and Plutoids. Reading assignment: Chapter 8 Chapter 8 Satellites (moons), Rings, and Plutoids Reading assignment: Chapter 8 Jovian planets satellites There are: Six large satellites, similar in size to our Moon 12 medium-sized - 400 to 1500km Many

More information

Solar System revised.notebook October 12, 2016 Solar Nebula Theory

Solar System revised.notebook October 12, 2016 Solar Nebula Theory Solar System revised.notebook The Solar System Solar Nebula Theory Solar Nebula was a rotating disk of dust and gas w/ a dense center dense center eventually becomes the sun start to condense b/c of gravity

More information

Pluto, the Kuiper Belt, and Trans- Neptunian Objects

Pluto, the Kuiper Belt, and Trans- Neptunian Objects Pluto, the Kuiper Belt, and Trans- Neptunian Objects 1 What about Pluto? Pluto used to be considered a planet Pluto is one of a large number of Trans-Neptunian Objects, not even the largest one! Discovery

More information

Lecture 24: Saturn. The Solar System. Saturn s Rings. First we focus on solar distance, average density, and mass: (where we have used Earth units)

Lecture 24: Saturn. The Solar System. Saturn s Rings. First we focus on solar distance, average density, and mass: (where we have used Earth units) Lecture 24: Saturn The Solar System First we focus on solar distance, average density, and mass: Planet Distance Density Mass Mercury 0.4 1.0 0.06 Venus 0.7 0.9 0.8 Earth 1.0 1.0 1.0 Mars 1.5 0.7 0.1 (asteroid)

More information

HNRS 227 Fall 2006 Chapter 13. What is Pluto? What is a Planet? There are two broad categories of planets: Terrestrial and Jovian

HNRS 227 Fall 2006 Chapter 13. What is Pluto? What is a Planet? There are two broad categories of planets: Terrestrial and Jovian Key Points of Chapter 13 HNRS 227 Fall 2006 Chapter 13 The Solar System presented by Prof. Geller 24 October 2006 Planets Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune Dwarf Planets Pluto,

More information

known since prehistoric times almost 10 times larger than Jupiter

known since prehistoric times almost 10 times larger than Jupiter Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune 40.329407-74.667345 Sun Mercury Length of rotation Temperature at surface 8 official planets large number of smaller objects including Pluto, asteroids,

More information

ASTR 200 : Lecture 6 Introduction to the Solar System Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Addison-Wesley

ASTR 200 : Lecture 6 Introduction to the Solar System Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Addison-Wesley ASTR 200 : Lecture 6 Introduction to the Solar System 1 2004 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Addison-Wesley Comparative Planetology Studying the similarities among and differences between the planets

More information

Exam# 2 Review. Exam #2 is Wednesday November 8th at 10:40 AM in room FLG-280

Exam# 2 Review. Exam #2 is Wednesday November 8th at 10:40 AM in room FLG-280 Exam# 2 Review Exam #2 is Wednesday November 8th at 10:40 AM in room FLG-280 Bring Gator 1 ID card Bring pencil #2 with eraser No use of calculator or any electronic device during the exam We provide the

More information

What is it like? When did it form? How did it form. The Solar System. Fall, 2005 Astronomy 110 1

What is it like? When did it form? How did it form. The Solar System. Fall, 2005 Astronomy 110 1 What is it like? When did it form? How did it form The Solar System Fall, 2005 Astronomy 110 1 Fall, 2005 Astronomy 110 2 The planets all orbit the sun in the same direction. The Sun spins in the same

More information

Jupiter. Jupiter is the third-brightest object in the night sky (after the Moon and Venus). Exploration by Spacecrafts

Jupiter. Jupiter is the third-brightest object in the night sky (after the Moon and Venus). Exploration by Spacecrafts Jupiter Orbit, Rotation Physical Properties Atmosphere, surface Interior Magnetosphere Moons (Voyager 1) Jupiter is the third-brightest object in the night sky (after the Moon and Venus). Exploration by

More information

SOLAR SYSTEM B Division

SOLAR SYSTEM B Division SOLAR SYSTEM B Division Team Name: Team #: Student Names: IMAGE SHEET A E B C D F G H Spectrum I Spectrum II SS2014 Spectrum III Spectrum IV Spectrum V Spectrum VI 1. A. What satellite is pictured in Image

More information

LEARNING ABOUT THE OUTER PLANETS. NASA's Cassini spacecraft. Io Above Jupiter s Clouds on New Year's Day, Credit: NASA/JPL/University of Arizona

LEARNING ABOUT THE OUTER PLANETS. NASA's Cassini spacecraft. Io Above Jupiter s Clouds on New Year's Day, Credit: NASA/JPL/University of Arizona LEARNING ABOUT THE OUTER PLANETS Can see basic features through Earth-based telescopes. Hubble Space Telescope especially useful because of sharp imaging. Distances from Kepler s 3 rd law, diameters from

More information

The Main Point. Planetary Ring Systems

The Main Point. Planetary Ring Systems Lecture #31: Satellites and Rings II Ring Systems Overview of rings: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune. What are rings made of? How do they form? Reading: Chapter 11.3. The Main Point All of the giant planets

More information

Comparative Planetology I: Our Solar System. Chapter Seven

Comparative Planetology I: Our Solar System. Chapter Seven Comparative Planetology I: Our Solar System Chapter Seven ASTR 111 003 Fall 2006 Lecture 07 Oct. 16, 2006 Introduction To Modern Astronomy I Introducing Astronomy (chap. 1-6) Planets and Moons (chap. 7-17)

More information

Astronomy Ch. 11 Jupiter. MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Astronomy Ch. 11 Jupiter. MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Name: Period: Date: Astronomy Ch. 11 Jupiter MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) Jupiter is noticeably oblate because: A) it has a

More information

3. The moon with the most substantial atmosphere in the Solar System is A) Iapetus B) Io C) Titan D) Triton E) Europa

3. The moon with the most substantial atmosphere in the Solar System is A) Iapetus B) Io C) Titan D) Triton E) Europa Spring 2013 Astronomy - Test 2 Test form A Name Do not forget to write your name and fill in the bubbles with your student number, and fill in test form A on the answer sheet. Write your name above as

More information

The Fathers of the Gods: Jupiter and Saturn

The Fathers of the Gods: Jupiter and Saturn The Fathers of the Gods: Jupiter and Saturn Learning Objectives! Order all the planets by size and distance from the Sun! How are clouds on Jupiter (and Saturn) different to the Earth? What 2 factors drive

More information

Edmonds Community College Astronomy 100 Winter Quarter 2007 Sample Exam # 2

Edmonds Community College Astronomy 100 Winter Quarter 2007 Sample Exam # 2 Edmonds Community College Astronomy 100 Winter Quarter 2007 Sample Exam # 2 Instructor: L. M. Khandro 1. Relatively speaking, objects with high temperatures emit their peak radiation in short wavelengths

More information

Chapter 10 Worlds of Gas and Liquid- The Giant Planets. 21st CENTURY ASTRONOMY Fifth EDITION Kay Palen Blumenthal

Chapter 10 Worlds of Gas and Liquid- The Giant Planets. 21st CENTURY ASTRONOMY Fifth EDITION Kay Palen Blumenthal Chapter 10 Worlds of Gas and Liquid- The Giant Planets 21st CENTURY ASTRONOMY Fifth EDITION Kay Palen Blumenthal What is a storm on Saturn like? The Giant Planets, Part 1 Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune

More information

The Solar System. Name Test Date Hour

The Solar System. Name Test Date Hour Name Test Date Hour Astronomy#3 - Notebook The Solar System LEARNING TARGETS I can describe the objects that make up our solar system. I can identify the inner and outer planets. I can explain the difference

More information

Galilean Moons of Jupiter

Galilean Moons of Jupiter Astronomy A. Dayle Hancock adhancock@wm.edu Small 239 Office hours: MTWR 10-11am Satellites of Jupiter & Saturn Galilean satellites Similarities and differences among the Galilean satellites How the Galilean

More information

How did it come to be this way? Will I stop sounding like the

How did it come to be this way? Will I stop sounding like the Chapter 06 Let s Make a Solar System How did it come to be this way? Where did it come from? Will I stop sounding like the Talking Heads? What does the solar system look like? Big picture. The solar system

More information

ASTRO 120 Sample Exam

ASTRO 120 Sample Exam ASTRO 120 Sample Exam 1) If a planet has a reasonably strong magnetic field, we know that a. It is made entirely of iron b. There is liquid nitrogen below the surface c. It can harbor life d. It has a

More information

NSCI 314 LIFE IN THE COSMOS

NSCI 314 LIFE IN THE COSMOS NSCI 314 LIFE IN THE COSMOS 10 - SEARCHING FOR LIFE IN OUR SOLAR SYSTEM: THE OUTER PLANETS AND THEIR MOONS Dr. Karen Kolehmainen Department of Physics CSUSB http://physics.csusb.edu/~karen/ JUPITER DIAMETER:

More information

9/22/ A Brief Tour of the Solar System. Chapter 6: Formation of the Solar System. What does the solar system look like?

9/22/ A Brief Tour of the Solar System. Chapter 6: Formation of the Solar System. What does the solar system look like? 9/22/17 Lecture Outline 6.1 A Brief Tour of the Solar System Chapter 6: Formation of the Solar System What does the solar system look like? Our goals for learning: What does the solar system look like?

More information

2. Which of the following planets has exactly two moons? A) Venus B) Mercury C) Uranus D) Mars E) Neptune

2. Which of the following planets has exactly two moons? A) Venus B) Mercury C) Uranus D) Mars E) Neptune Summer 2015 Astronomy - Test 2 Test form A Name Do not forget to write your name and fill in the bubbles with your student number, and fill in test form A on the answer sheet. Write your name above as

More information

Greeks watched the stars move across the sky and noticed five stars that wandered around and did not follow the paths of the normal stars.

Greeks watched the stars move across the sky and noticed five stars that wandered around and did not follow the paths of the normal stars. Chapter 23 Our Solar System Our Solar System Historical Astronomy Wandering Stars Greeks watched the stars move across the sky and noticed five stars that wandered around and did not follow the paths of

More information

Planets. Chapter 5 5-1

Planets. Chapter 5 5-1 Planets Chapter 5 5-1 The Solar System Terrestrial Planets: Earth-Like Jovian Planets: Gaseous Sun Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Pluto Inferior Planets Superior Planets Inferior

More information

The Solar System LEARNING TARGETS. Scientific Language. Name Test Date Hour

The Solar System LEARNING TARGETS. Scientific Language. Name Test Date Hour Name Test Date Hour Astronomy#3 - Notebook The Solar System LEARNING TARGETS I can describe the objects that make up our solar system. I can identify the inner and outer planets. I can explain the difference

More information

Chapter 3 The Solar System

Chapter 3 The Solar System Name: Date: Period: Chapter 3 The Solar System Section 1 Observing the Solar System (pp. 72-77) Key Concepts What are the geocentric and heliocentric systems? How did Copernicus, Galileo, and Kepler contribute

More information

Jovian (Jupiter like) Planets

Jovian (Jupiter like) Planets Jovian (Jupiter like) Planets Jupiter Internal structure Heat source Moons & rings Terrestrial vs. Jovian - Size & Density Density (g/cm 3 ) Density (g/cm^3) 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter

More information

Unit 6 Lesson 4 What Are the Planets in Our Solar System? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 6 Lesson 4 What Are the Planets in Our Solar System? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Unit 6 Lesson 4 What Are the Planets in Our Solar System? What other objects are near Earth in this part of space? Earth and millions of other objects make up our solar system. In Our Corner of Space A

More information

Jupiter and its Moons

Jupiter and its Moons Jupiter and its Moons Summary 1. At an average distance of over 5 AU, Jupiter takes nearly 12 years to orbit the Sun 2. Jupiter is by far the largest and most massive planet in the solar system being over

More information

Chapter 11 The Jovian Planets

Chapter 11 The Jovian Planets Chapter 11 The Jovian Planets The Jovian planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune Using Venus transit it was possible to get a good value of the AU (1639). Knowing the AU, it is possible to calculate

More information

Astronomy Unit Notes Name:

Astronomy Unit Notes Name: Astronomy Unit Notes Name: (DO NOT LOSE!) To help with the planets order 1 My = M 2 V = Venus 3 Eager = E 4 M = Mars 5 Just = J 6 Served = Saturn 7 Us = Uranus 8 N = N 1 Orbit: The path (usually elliptical)

More information

Astronomy I Exam 2 Sample

Astronomy I Exam 2 Sample NAME: Part I: Multiple Choice (2 points. ea.) Read carefully, choose the best answer 1. Which of the following occurs because of the orbital motion of the Earth about the Sun and cannot be accounted for

More information

UNIT 3: Chapter 8: The Solar System (pages )

UNIT 3: Chapter 8: The Solar System (pages ) CORNELL NOTES Directions: You must create a minimum of 5 questions in this column per page (average). Use these to study your notes and prepare for tests and quizzes. Notes will be turned in to your teacher

More information

The Solar System consists of

The Solar System consists of The Universe The Milky Way Galaxy, one of billions of other galaxies in the universe, contains about 400 billion stars and countless other objects. Why is it called the Milky Way? Welcome to your Solar

More information

Unit 2 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 2 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Unit 2 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System? Florida Benchmarks SC.5.E.5.2 Recognize the major common characteristics of all planets and compare/contrast the properties of inner and outer

More information

Moon Obs #1 Due! Moon visible: early morning through afternoon. 6 more due June 13 th. 15 total due June 25 th. Final Report Due June 28th

Moon Obs #1 Due! Moon visible: early morning through afternoon. 6 more due June 13 th. 15 total due June 25 th. Final Report Due June 28th Moon Obs #1 Due! Moon visible: early morning through afternoon 6 more due June 13 th 15 total due June 25 th Final Report Due June 28th Our Solar System Objectives Overview of what is in our solar system

More information

1star 1 star 9 8 planets 63 (major) moons asteroids, comets, meteoroids

1star 1 star 9 8 planets 63 (major) moons asteroids, comets, meteoroids The Solar System 1star 1 star 9 8 planets 63 (major) moons asteroids, comets, meteoroids The distances to planets are known from Kepler s Laws (once calibrated with radar ranging to Venus) How are planet

More information

AST Section 2: Test 2

AST Section 2: Test 2 AST1002 - Section 2: Test 2 Date: 11/05/2009 Name: Equations: E = m c 2 Question 1: The Sun is a stable star because 1. gravity balances forces from pressure. (!) Miniquiz 7, Q3 2. the rate of fusion equals

More information

Ch 23 Touring Our Solar System 23.1 The Solar System 23.2 The Terrestrial Planet 23.3 The Outer Planets 23.4 Minor Members of the Solar System

Ch 23 Touring Our Solar System 23.1 The Solar System 23.2 The Terrestrial Planet 23.3 The Outer Planets 23.4 Minor Members of the Solar System Ch 23 Touring Our Solar System 23.1 The Solar System 23.2 The Terrestrial Planet 23.3 The Outer Planets 23.4 Minor Members of the Solar System Ch 23.1 The Solar System Terrestrial planets- Small Rocky

More information

Lecture #11: Plan. Terrestrial Planets (cont d) Jovian Planets

Lecture #11: Plan. Terrestrial Planets (cont d) Jovian Planets Lecture #11: Plan Terrestrial Planets (cont d) Jovian Planets Mercury (review) Density = 5.4 kg / liter.. ~ Earth s Rocky mantle + iron/nickel core Slow spin: 59 days (orbital period = 88 days) No satellites

More information

Solar System. Sun, 8 planets, hundred moons, thousand.dwarf.planets million asteroids, billion comets etc.

Solar System. Sun, 8 planets, hundred moons, thousand.dwarf.planets million asteroids, billion comets etc. Solar System Sun, 8 planets, hundred moons, thousand.dwarf.planets million asteroids, billion comets etc. Comparative Planetology Compares planets and other solar system bodies to help understand how they

More information

The Formation of the Solar System

The Formation of the Solar System The Formation of the Solar System Basic Facts to be explained : 1. Each planet is relatively isolated in space. 2. Orbits nearly circular. 3. All roughly orbit in the same plane. 4. Planets are all orbiting

More information

Satellites of giant planets. Satellites and rings of giant planets. Satellites of giant planets

Satellites of giant planets. Satellites and rings of giant planets. Satellites of giant planets Satellites of giant planets Satellites and rings of giant planets Regular and irregular satellites Regular satellites: The orbits around the planet have low eccentricity and are approximately coplanar

More information

37. Planetary Geology p

37. Planetary Geology p 37. Planetary Geology p. 656-679 The Solar System Revisited We will now apply all the information we have learned about the geology of the earth to other planetary bodies to see how similar, or different,

More information

The Giant Planets [10]

The Giant Planets [10] The Giant Planets [10] Distance Period Diameter Mass Rotation Tilt (au) (yrs) (hrs) (deg) Earth 1 1 1 1 24.0 23 Jupiter 5.2 11.9 11.2 318 9.9 3 Saturn 9.5 29.5 9.4 95 10.7 27 Uranus 19.2 84.1 4.0 14 17.2

More information

TopHat quizzes for astro How would you represent in scientific notation? A 2.7 x 10 2 B 2.7 x 10 3 C 2.7 x 10 4 D 2.

TopHat quizzes for astro How would you represent in scientific notation? A 2.7 x 10 2 B 2.7 x 10 3 C 2.7 x 10 4 D 2. TopHat quizzes for astro 111 Lecture week 1 1. If you multiply 2 x 10 4 by itself, what do you get? A. 4 x 10 4 B. 4 x 10 8 C. 2 x 10 4 D. 4 x 10 16 2. Jupiter's maximum distance from the sun is approximately

More information

It Might Be a Planet If...

It Might Be a Planet If... It Might Be a Planet If... What is a planet? Until recently, there was no exact definition. There were historically six planets. Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto were discovered after the invention of the telescope.

More information

Jovian planets, their moons & rings

Jovian planets, their moons & rings Jovian planets, their moons & rings The Moons of the Jovian Planets The terrestrial planets have a total of 3 moons. The jovian planets have a total of 166 moons. Each collection of moons orbiting the

More information

Read each slide then use the red or some underlined words to complete the organizer.

Read each slide then use the red or some underlined words to complete the organizer. Read each slide then use the red or some underlined words to complete the organizer. 1B Did it start as a bang! 1B The Expanding Universe A. The Big Bang Theory: Idea that all matter began in an infinitely

More information

The Outer Planets. Video Script: The Outer Planets. Visual Learning Company

The Outer Planets. Video Script: The Outer Planets. Visual Learning Company 11 Video Script: 1. For thousands of years people have looked up at the night sky pondering the limits of our solar system. 2. Perhaps you too, have looked up at the evening stars and planets, and wondered

More information

Jupiter and Saturn s Satellites of Fire and Ice. Chapter Fifteen

Jupiter and Saturn s Satellites of Fire and Ice. Chapter Fifteen Jupiter and Saturn s Satellites of Fire and Ice Chapter Fifteen ASTR 111 003 Fall 2006 Lecture 12 Nov. 20, 2006 Introduction To Modern Astronomy I Introducing Astronomy (chap. 1-6) Planets and Moons (chap.

More information

Comparative Planetology I: Our Solar System

Comparative Planetology I: Our Solar System Comparative Planetology I: Our Solar System Guiding Questions 1. Are all the other planets similar to Earth, or are they very different? 2. Do other planets have moons like Earth s Moon? 3. How do astronomers

More information

Astronomy Ch. 6 The Solar System: Comparative Planetology

Astronomy Ch. 6 The Solar System: Comparative Planetology Name: Period: Date: Astronomy Ch. 6 The Solar System: Comparative Planetology MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) The largest asteroid,

More information

28-Aug-17. A Tour of Our Solar System and Beyond. The Sun

28-Aug-17. A Tour of Our Solar System and Beyond. The Sun A Tour of Our Solar System and Beyond The Sun diameter = 1,390,000 km = 864,000 mi >99.8% of the mass of the entire solar system surface temperature 5800 C 600 x 10 6 tons H -> 596 x 10 6 tons He per second

More information

SOLAR SYSTEM NOTES. Scientists believe its at least 4.6 billion years old!!! 10/26/2017 ENERGY TRANSFERS RADIATION FROM THE SUN

SOLAR SYSTEM NOTES. Scientists believe its at least 4.6 billion years old!!! 10/26/2017 ENERGY TRANSFERS RADIATION FROM THE SUN SOLAR SYSTEM NOTES Our Solar System is composed of: 1. The Sun 2. The Planets 3. Asteroids 4. Comets 5. Meteors 6. Natural & Artificial satellites Remember: How old is our Solar System? Scientists believe

More information

Lecture Outlines. Chapter 15. Astronomy Today 8th Edition Chaisson/McMillan Pearson Education, Inc.

Lecture Outlines. Chapter 15. Astronomy Today 8th Edition Chaisson/McMillan Pearson Education, Inc. Lecture Outlines Chapter 15 Astronomy Today 8th Edition Chaisson/McMillan Chapter 15 Exoplanets Units of Chapter 15 15.1 Modeling Planet Formation 15.2 Solar System Regularities and Irregularities 15.3

More information

Today. Solar System Formation. a few more bits and pieces. Homework due

Today. Solar System Formation. a few more bits and pieces. Homework due Today Solar System Formation a few more bits and pieces Homework due Pluto Charon 3000 km Asteroids small irregular rocky bodies Comets icy bodies Formation of the Solar System How did these things come

More information

Clicker Question: Clicker Question: Clicker Question:

Clicker Question: Clicker Question: Clicker Question: Test results Last day to drop without a grade is Feb 29 Grades posted in cabinet and online F D C B A In which direction would the Earth move if the Sun s gravitational force were suddenly removed from

More information

Chapter 11 Review Clickers. The Cosmic Perspective Seventh Edition. Jovian Planet Systems Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 11 Review Clickers. The Cosmic Perspective Seventh Edition. Jovian Planet Systems Pearson Education, Inc. Review Clickers The Cosmic Perspective Seventh Edition Jovian Planet Systems If Jupiter was the size of a basketball, Earth would be the size of a(n) a) bacterium. b) grain of rice. c) marble. d) orange.

More information