1 Mercury PLANETS OF OUR SOLAR SYSTEM Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Pluto
2 Introduction This is a set of worksheets to accompany the Jet Propulsion Laboratories excellent CD (or web page), Welcome to the Planets. It was designed for and first used with my elementary learning disabilities students. I later posted this set for use with the column "Teacher Tools 1: AppleWorks," which appeared on the Low-End Mac web site: The permanent archived version of the column is available at: The graphics contained are all the property of NASA and JPL, but I believe this use comes within their posted use policy. Welcome to the Planets is available at the JPL site and their numerous mirror sites: Steve Wood 11/11/99 updated 7/2/2000
3 MERCURY Mercury is the planet closest to the sun--only 36 million miles from our star. It is also the second smallest planet of our solar system, larger only than Pluto. Mercury s surface is covered with craters from impacts of meteors early in its history. There is also evidence of volcanic activity in the distant past. Mercury s rotation period is almost 59 days, making one complete rotation (day-night) in that time. It s year, or revolution period is about 88 days. Because Mercury is so close to the sun and rotates so slowly, there are widely varying maximum and minimum temperatures, from 700 o F. to -460 o F. Mercury was explored by the Mariner 10 spacecraft in the mid-1970 s. Both Mercury and Venus are difficult to study, as their orbits are closer to the sun than ours. This causes the planets to appear only low in the sky. Photos courtesy of NASA, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and California Institute of Technology. Mariner 10
4 MERCURY Name Date 1. Circle the planet below that shows where Mercury is in order from the sun. 2. How long does it take Mercury to orbit (one complete circle) the sun? 3 & 4. What do you think caused Mercury s surface to look as it does? (There are really two things.) 5. What is the name of the spacecraft that photographed Venus and Mercury? 6. When did it do it? 7. On the back of this page, or on another sheet of paper, tell two (2) new things you learned about Mercury. Drawings and photographs courtesy of NASA, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and the California Institute of Technology.
5 VENUS Venus is the second planet from the sun. It is covered with a heavy layer of clouds that hid the surface of the planet from view until the Magellan probe used radar to look through the clouds. Magellan mapped and photographed the surface of Venus. The radar images on the right show incredible detail of the planet s surface. Venus is a hot planet-as hot as 900o! It s air pressure is 88 times as great as on earth. It also has clouds of sulfuric acid droplets. Venus is about the same size and shape as earth. It is our near-twin in the solar system. Like all the other planets, Venus has never been visited by men, only by robot spacecraft. Beginning in 1962, Venus was explored by Mariner 2, 5, and 10, and Pioneer Venus 1 and 2. Venus Photos and drawings courtesy of NASA and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Data is from Welcome to the Planets, an NASA educational CD-ROM and The New Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia.
6 VENUS Name Date 1. How long does it take Venus to orbit the sun (length of year in earth days)? 2. What gasses make up most of Venus s atmosphere? 3. Why couldn t men explore the surface of Venus? 4. What two forces, like Mercury, have shaped the surface of Venus? 5. Venus is known as earth s twin. How is Venus different from earth?
7 EARTH Our home planet earth is the third planet from the sun. It is one of the four terrestrial (solidground) planets. Earth is unique because it has large amounts of water and oxygen on its surface. No other planet possesses these resources. Even from space, earth looks different from the other planets. At the left is a Space Shuttle photo of the Straits of Gibraltar and the Mediterranean Sea. At the right is a photo of Mt. Etna in Italy. Mt. Etna is considered an active volcano as it still gives off steam and other gasses. Below is a space photo of part of the Mississippi River system. If you look closely at some of the photos, you will be able to see signs of life. Compare these photos to the closeup photo of Mars on the bulletin board.
8 EARTH WORKSHEET Name Date 1. Circle earth in the diagram below. 2. How long is earth s rotational period? Using the CD, Welcome to the Solar System, look closely at the earth photos from the first page. Magnify them. What signs of life do you see? If you were a traveler from another world and landed at one of these locations, what would you think of planet earth?
9 MARS Mars may be the best known planet in the solar system. It can be seen without a telescope as a bright reddish spot in the night sky. Unlike Mercury and Venus, where we are always looking towards the sun when observing them, Mars orbit is outside earth s orbit. Mars has been studied for years. It is much like earth. It s day is just over 24 hours. It s year is over two of our years. It has traces of water, oxygen, and carbon dioxide. But there isn t nearly enough air to breathe. Mars has been visited by several unmanned probes. Landers have taken pictures like the one below on the left.
10 Mars is the fourth, and last, of the terrestrial planets. 1. List the four terrestrial planets. What satellites or probes did most of this study of Mars? When did these satellites land on Mars? Mars has 2 moons. List the name of each beside its photo What forces have shaped the surface of Mars? Name Date
11 Jupiter is the fifth planet from the sun. It is by far the largest planet in our solar system. It would take 1,317 Earths to match Jupiter s size. But it would still take 1,000 Jupiter s to fill the sun! Had Jupiter been 3 or 4 times larger, it might have become a star. Jupiter rotates very fast on its axis. It has just a 10 hour day! It takes almost 12 years to revolve around the sun. Jupiter s most famous feature is its giant (Earthsized) red spot. This storm moves across Jupiter's surface. It, and 4 of the larger moons, can be seen with a small telescope, or with binoculars. You can see Jupiter at night as a bright orange spot in the sky. Much of the information we have about Jupiter comes
12 from the flybys of Voyager 1 and Voyager 2. Both satellites returned spectacular images of Jupiter and its moons. Launched in 1977 from Titan III/Centaur rockets, both visited Jupiter and Saturn, with Voyager 2 going on to return the first close-ups of Uranus and Neptune. One of the biggest surprises to scientists were the photos here of an active volcano erupting on the moon, Io. Scientists had long thought active volcanoes existed elsewhere in our solar system, but were totally amazed when Voyager sent these images back to earth. The chances of seeing an actual eruption happening were very slim. Pictured at the right is a ring of Jupiter! Until the Voyager flights, scientist only knew of Saturn s rings. Rings were seen on Uranus and Neptune as well. Both Voyager spacecraft have now left our solar system. They continue to fly outward through space. Who knows if they may make another unexpected discovery?
13 QUESTIONS 1. If Jupiter had been a little larger, what could it have been? 2. What is the land-mark that most people know about on Jupiter? 3. How many of Jupiter s moons can you see with binoculars? 4. Can you see Jupiter without a telescope? YES NO (CIRCLE ONE) 5. Find one interesting fact about Jupiter or its moons not covered in this worksheet on the CD-ROM Welcome to the Planets. Tell about it. 6. Voyager 2 was launched before Voyage 1. Why did it reach Jupiter later than Voyager 1? 7. What planets did Voyager 1 and 2 study? Name Date
14 Saturn is the sixth planet from the sun in our Solar System. It is one of the gas giants--big planets made of gas. It is best known for its rings, which can be seen only through a telescope. Saturn s rings were first seen by Galileo Galilei in Much of what we now know about Saturn came from the flybys of the Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 satellites in the 1980 s. Saturn is 893,000,000 miles from the sun. It orbits the sun once in 29 1/2 years. It is second in size only to Jupiter. And...it could hold 769 Earths! Most of Saturn s moons are covered with impact craters. Titan, the largest moon, is covered with clouds. A few of Saturn s moons Dione Mimas Titan Enceladas
15 QUESTIONS Name Date 1. Who was the first man to see Saturn s rings? 2. Which planet is bigger than Saturn? 3. What word in the article means go around the sun? 4. How many years does it take for Saturn to go around the sun? 5. What are Saturn s rings made of? 6. If a spaceship could take you anywhere in our solar system, where would you like to go?
16 URANUS Uranus is the seventh planet from the sun. It is one of the gas giants. It s atmosphere is mostly hydrogen, with some helium, and a little methane. As with all the gas giants, Uranus s surface is not visible. Uranus had several interesting surprises for scientists. One was that it rotates on its side! Another was its system of rings. Until Voyager 2 flew near Uranus, these things were not known. Scientists also saw two tiny shepherd satellites that seem to hold a ring in its shape. Uranus s larger moons appear much like moons of other planets--cratered by meteors and signs of volcanic activity. Voyager 2 photographed Uranus and its moons late Titania in years after its launch from earth. As we study planets farther and farther from earth, less and less is known about them. Most of what we know about Uranus comes from the Voyager 2 probe. Uranus is too far away for even a telescope to tell much about it.
17 URANUS QUESTIONS 1. How long does it take Uranus to go around the sun (in years)? 2. What two forces have shaped the surface of Uranus s moons? 3. Why couldn t Voyager photograph the surface of Uranus? 4. What do the two shepherd satellites found by Voyager 2 do? 5. Circle Uranus in the drawing below. 6. According to the drawing above, Uranus is a. the largest planet. b. the third largest planet. c. the smallest planet. d. about the same size as Venus. Name Date
18 NEPTUNE Neptune is the last of the gas giants. Composed of hydrogen, helium, and methane like the other gas giants, Neptune shows storms on its surface much like Jupiter s red spot. The storms move rapidly across Neptune s surface. Some of them rapidly change shape. The clouds of Neptune show much detail in the Voyager 2 photo at left. Neptune s great dark spot is about the size of the earth! Like the other gas giants, Neptune also has rings. Three very faint rings were visible with special photography techniques. Triton is the largest satellite of Neptune. It orbits the planet in the opposite direction of most moons. Triton s orbit Neptune s rotation
19 The surface of Triton is cratered. It looks much like our moon. Proteus, another of Neptune s moons has an irregular shape. It appears to be constantly frozen with no past or present volcanic activity. It s shape would suggest that it has been hit by many objects. Because Neptune is so very, very far from the sun, it is quite cold on the planet and its moons. It receives very little light or heat from the sun. Full daylight on Neptune would be no brighter than moonlight on earth! Neptune and Triton Right: Neptune s faint rings. Bottom: Close-up of one ring. Neptune Photo Gallery Close-up of storm on Neptune s surface. To see the rings around Neptune, the planet had to be blacked out because it was too bright and made the rings invisible. Remember, Neptune isn t really very bright, so the rings are really, really faint.
20 Neptune Questions 1. About how large is the great dark spot on Neptune? 2. What two words in the following section are synonyms? Circle them. Triton is the largest satellite of Neptune. It orbits the planet in the opposite direction of most moons. 3. What word in the sentences above means goes around something in a path? 4. Circle Neptune in the drawing at the right. 5. What word is used to mean the top or ground layer of a planet or moon? 6. What year did Voyager 2 fly by Neptune? 7. Where is Voyager 2 today? Name Date
21 Pluto and Charon Pluto has remained a mystery since its discovery by astronomer Clyde Tombaugh in It is the only planet not yet viewed close-up by spacecraft. A robot mission to Pluto and its moon, Charon, is being planned. Satellites should reach Pluto and Charon around 2010 or later. Pluto is the smallest planet in our solar system. It is usually farther from the Sun than any of the nine planets. Because of its unusual orbit, Pluto is now closer than Neptune. It will remain within the orbit of Neptune until March 14, This view of Pluto was taken by the Hubble Space Telescope. It shows a rare image of tiny Pluto with its moon Charon, which is slightly smaller than the planet. Due to its great distance from the sun, Pluto s surface is believed to reach temperatures as low as -400 F. From Pluto s surface, the Sun appears as only a very bright star.
22 Pluto s orbit is highly tilted--17 degrees to the orbital plane of the other planets. Pluto s spin axis is also tipped--122 degrees. Pluto s north pole is upside down with respect to the other planets, and it rotates in the opposite direction from them. Observations indicate that Pluto s surface is covered with methane ice. There may be a thin atmosphere that might freeze and fall to the surface as the planet moves away from the Sun. Pluto Statistics Discovered by....clyde W. Tombaugh Date of discovery... February 18, 1930 Mass (kg) e+22 Mass (Earth = 1) e-03 Equatorial radius (km)... 1,160 Equatorial radius (Earth = 1) e-01 Mean density (gm/cm^3) Mean distance from the Sun (km)...5,913,520,000 Mean distance from the Sun (Earth = 1) Rotational period (days) Orbital period (years) Mean orbital velocity (km/sec) Orbital eccentricity Tilt of axis Orbital inclination Equatorial surface gravity (m/sec^2) Equatorial escape velocity (km/sec) Visual geometric albedo Magnitude (Vo) Atmospheric composition Methane... Nitrogen... Charon Statistics Discovered by... J. Christy Date of discovery Mass (kg) e+21 Mass (Earth = 1) e-04 Equatorial radius (km) Equatorial radius (Earth = 1) e-02 Mean density (gm/cm^3) Mean distance from Pluto (km)... 19,640 Rotational period (days) Orbital period (days) Mean orbital velocity (km/sec) Orbital eccentricity Orbital inclination Escape velocity (km/sec) Magnitude (Vo)
23 Questions-Pluto 1. When was Pluto discovered? 2. Give two reasons why we know so little about Pluto. 3. The best pictures we have so far of Pluto don t come from a regular satellite (a flyby). What do they come from? 4. Normally, which drawing would be Pluto? 5. What would the sun look like from Pluto? 6. If satellites do fly by and photograph Pluto in 2010, how old will you will you be by then? Hint: year of your birth - Name Date
24 E a r t h Planets Mnemonic The following mnemonic is often helpful in memorizing the nine planets in their order from the sun. My very earnest mother just sat upon nine pins. mnemonic ( - k) A device, such as a formula or rhyme, used as an aid in remembering. M e r c u r y V e n u s M a r s J u p i t e r S a t u r n U r a n u s N e p t u n e Pins. P l u t o My Very Earnest Mother Just Sat Upon Nine Pins.
11 Video Script: 1. For thousands of years people have looked up at the night sky pondering the limits of our solar system. 2. Perhaps you too, have looked up at the evening stars and planets, and wondered
Our Planetary System Chapter 7 Key Concepts for Chapter 7 and 8 Inventory of the Solar System Origin of the Solar System What does the Solar System consist of? The Sun: It has 99.85% of the mass of the
Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune 40.329407-74.667345 Sun Mercury Length of rotation Temperature at surface 8 official planets large number of smaller objects including Pluto, asteroids,
The Outer Planets (pages 720 727) Gas Giants and Pluto (page 721) Key Concept: The first four outer planets Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune are much larger and more massive than Earth, and they do
CORNELL NOTES Directions: You must create a minimum of 5 questions in this column per page (average). Use these to study your notes and prepare for tests and quizzes. Notes will be turned in to your teacher
Name: Date: Period: Chapter 3 The Solar System Section 1 Observing the Solar System (pp. 72-77) Key Concepts What are the geocentric and heliocentric systems? How did Copernicus, Galileo, and Kepler contribute
The Sun A star is a huge ball of hot, glowing gases. The Sun is a star. The width of the Sun is equal to the width of 100 Earths placed side by side. The Sun is extremely hot. The surface of the Sun has
Mercury Mercury is the closest planet to the sun. It is extremely hot on the side of the planet facing the sun and very cold on the other. There is no water on the surface. There is practically no atmosphere.
Name: Date: 1 Read the text and then answer the questions. No matter where on Earth you live, you have day and night. That happens because of a movement of Earth called rotation. Earth rotates, or turns,
STUDENT NAME CLASS PERIOD 2.2 P SOLAR SYSTEM PROJECT THE INNER & OUTER PLANETS ROCKY 59 DAYS 88 DAYS NO THIN ZERO MERCURY WHAT MAKES MERCURY UNIQUE OR DIFFERENT FROM THE OTHERS? IT IS THE SMALLEST PLANET.
Mercury Named after: Mercury, the fast-footed Roman messenger of the gods. Mean Distance from the Sun: 57,909,175 km (35,983,093.1 miles) or 0.387 astronomical units Diameter: 4,879.4 km (3,031.92 miles)
Unit 2 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System? Florida Benchmarks SC.5.E.5.2 Recognize the major common characteristics of all planets and compare/contrast the properties of inner and outer
Planets Chapter 5 5-1 The Solar System Terrestrial Planets: Earth-Like Jovian Planets: Gaseous Sun Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Pluto Inferior Planets Superior Planets Inferior
Edmonds Community College ASTRONOMY 100 Sample Test #2 Fall Quarter 2006 Instructor: L. M. Khandro 10/19/06 Please Note: the following test derives from a course and text that covers the entire topic of
Name Test Date Hour Astronomy#3 - Notebook The Solar System LEARNING TARGETS I can describe the objects that make up our solar system. I can identify the inner and outer planets. I can explain the difference
Chapter 9 Section 1: Our Solar System Solar System: The solar system includes the sun, planets and many smaller structures. A planet and its moon(s) make up smaller systems in the solar system. Scientist
Chapter 23 Our Solar System Our Solar System Historical Astronomy Wandering Stars Greeks watched the stars move across the sky and noticed five stars that wandered around and did not follow the paths of
Name Test Date Hour Astronomy#3 - Notebook The Solar System LEARNING TARGETS I can describe the objects that make up our solar system. I can identify the inner and outer planets. I can explain the difference
Inner and Outer Planets SPI 0607.6.2 Explain how the relative distance of objects from the earth affects how they appear. Inner Planets Terrestrial planets are those that are closest to the Sun. Terrestrial
Read each slide then use the red or some underlined words to complete the organizer. 1B Did it start as a bang! 1B The Expanding Universe A. The Big Bang Theory: Idea that all matter began in an infinitely
Introduction to the Solar System Sep. 11, 2002 1) Introduction 2) Angular Momentum 3) Formation of the Solar System 4) Cowboy Astronomer Review Kepler s Laws empirical description of planetary motion Newton
The Universe and Galaxies 16.1 http://dingo.care-mail.com/cards/flash/5409/galaxy.swf Universe The sum of all matter and energy that exists, that has ever existed, and that will ever exist. We will focus
ASTRONOMY THE BIG BANG THEORY WHAT WE KNOW Scientists observe that every object in the universe is moving away from each other. Objects furthest away are moving the fastest. So.. WHAT DOES THIS MEAN? If
1UNIT The Universe What do you remember? What are the points of light in this photo? What is the difference between a star and a planet? a moon and a comet? Content objectives In this unit, you will Learn
Background Questions Celestial Objects 1. What was invented in the 17 th century? How did this help the study of our universe? 2. What is a probe? 3. Describe the Galileo probe mission. 4. What are scientists
Vocabulary STUDENT RESOURCE 1.1 INFORMATION SHEET asteroids thousands of rocky objects that orbit the Sun Most asteroids orbit in a belt between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. More than 9, asteroids have
When a planets orbit around the Sun looks like an oval, it s called a(n) - ellipse - circle - axis - rotation Which of the following planets are all made up of gas? - Venus, Mars, Saturn and Pluto - Jupiter,
LEARNING ABOUT THE OUTER PLANETS Can see basic features through Earth-based telescopes. Hubble Space Telescope especially useful because of sharp imaging. Distances from Kepler s 3 rd law, diameters from
Sun Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Venus is the hottest planet in our solar system. The thick clouds on Venus hold the heat in. The sun s lights reflect off Venus s clouds making it look like the brightest
Investigating Astronomy Timothy F. Slater, Roger A. Freeman Chapter 7 Observing the Dynamic Giant Planets Observing Jupiter and Saturn The disk of Jupiter at opposition appears about two times larger than
Lecture 25: The Outer Planets Neptune Uranus Pluto/Charon Uranus and three moons Neptune and two moons 1 The Outer Planets Uranus Discovered by William Herschel in 1781, who realized that this extended
A Science A Z Earth Series Word Count: 1,239 Written by David Dreier Visit www.sciencea-z.com www.sciencea-z.com Key elements Used in This Book The Big Idea: Learning about our solar system can give students
Inner Planets (Part II) Sept. 18, 2002 1) Atmospheres 2) Greenhouse Effect 3) Mercury 4) Venus 5) Mars 6) Moon Announcements Due to technical difficulties, Monday s quiz doesn t count An extra credit problem
Science Benchmark: 06:03 The solar system consists of planets, moons, and other smaller objects including asteroids and comets that orbit the sun. Planets in the solar system differ in terms of their distance
Unit 12 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System? The Solar System Earth, other planets, and the moon are part of a solar system. A solar system is made up of a star and the planets and other
PLEASE ANSWER YOUR QUESTIONS ON THIS PROVIDED QUESTION PAPER. EACH QUESTION IS FOLLOWED BY ANSWERS MARKED A AND B, OR A, B, C AND D. ONLY ONE ANSWER IS CORRECT. CHOOSE THE MOST CORRECT ANSWER AND CIRCLE
Florida Benchmarks SC.8.E.5.3 Distinguish the hierarchical relationships between planets and other astronomical bodies relative to solar system, galaxy, and universe, including distance, size, and composition.
Unit 6 Lesson 4 What Are the Planets in Our Solar System? What other objects are near Earth in this part of space? Earth and millions of other objects make up our solar system. In Our Corner of Space A
Solar System Test Review There are several planets in the solar system. What do all of these planets have in common? A.They all orbit the Sun. B. They are all close to the Moon. C.They are all called Earth.
Some of the best pictures of the planets in our solar system 19 January 2015, by Matt Williams Our Solar System is a pretty picturesque place. Between the Sun, the Moon, and the Inner and Outer Solar System,
Lecture 11 The Structure and Atmospheres of the Outer Planets October 9, 2017 1 2 Jovian Planets 3 Jovian Planets -- Basic Information Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Distance 5.2 AU 9.5 AU 19 AU 30 AU Spin
Part 4: Exploration 1 Reaction Engine An engine, such as a jet or rocket engine, that ejects gas at high velocity and develops its thrust from the resulting reaction This movement follows Newton s Third
Chapter Project Worksheet 1 Distance From Sun 1:10,000,000,000 Scale: Sun Center; Mercury 5.8 m; Venus 10.8 m; Earth 15.0 m; Mars 22.8 m; Jupiter 77.9 m; Saturn 143.4 m; Uranus 287.3 m; Neptune 449.5 m;
Voyagers in Space A Reading A Z Level P Leveled Book Word Count: 697 LEVELED BOOK P Voyagers in Space M P S Written by Cheryl Reifsnyder Visit www.readinga-z.com for thousands of books and materials. www.readinga-z.com
Page1 Earth s Formation Unit [Astronomy] Student Success Sheets (SSS) HS-ESSI-1; HS-ESS1-2; HS-ESS1-3; HS-ESSI-4 NGSS Civic Memorial High School - Earth Science A Concept # What we will be learning Mandatory
Review Clickers The Cosmic Perspective Seventh Edition Jovian Planet Systems If Jupiter was the size of a basketball, Earth would be the size of a(n) a) bacterium. b) grain of rice. c) marble. d) orange.
SOLAR SYSTEM NOTES Our Solar System is composed of: 1. The Sun 2. The Planets 3. Asteroids 4. Comets 5. Meteors 6. Natural & Artificial satellites Remember: How old is our Solar System? Scientists believe
Page1 D. The Solar System and Beyond Name KEY Chapter 1 Earth, Moon, & Beyond Date Lesson 1: How Do Earth and the Moon Compare? STUDY GUIDE A. Vocabulary Write the definition to each word below. 1. revolve
Earth Science Chapter 20: Observing the Solar System Match the observations or discoveries with the correct scientist. Answers may be used more than once. Answers that cannot be read will be counted as
23.1 The Solar System Orbits of the Planets The Planets: An Overview The terrestrial planets are planets that are small and rocky Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars. The Jovian planets are the huge gas giants
Vocabulary: Match the vocabulary terms on the left with the definitions on the right 1. Galaxy (a) the length of a planet s day 2. Rotational Period (b) dust and gases floating in space 3. Orbital Period
Hayes SU230R Grades 4-8 FAST FACTS & DAZZLING DATA OUR SOLAR SYSTEM Fast Facts & Dazzling Data Our Solar System This book was developed for Hayes School Publishing Co., Inc. by Good Neighbor Press, Inc.,
Uranus and Neptune Uranus and Neptune are much smaller than Jupiter and Saturn, but still giants compared to Earth Both are worlds we know relatively little about Voyager 2 is the only spacecraft to visit
ASTR 1050: Survey of Astronomy Fall 2012 PRACTICE Exam #2 Instructor: Michael Brotherton Covers Solar System and Exoplanet Topics Instructions This exam is closed book and closed notes, although you may
Developed in Consultation with Georgia Educators Table of Contents Georgia Performance Standards Correlation Chart........... 7 Performance Standards Chapter 1 Earth and Space.............................
PHYS101 Sec 001 Hour Exam No. 2 Page: 1 1 The angle between the rotation axis of a planet and the perpendicular to the plane of its orbit is called its axial tilt. Which of these planets has an axial tilt
By Helen and Mark Warner Teaching Packs - Space - Page 1 In this section, you will learn about... 1. About the objects in the Solar System. 2. How the Solar System formed. 3. About the Asteroid Belt, Kuiper
I ASTRONOMY COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL 1 Line Up Make a Model of the Solar System! Celestial bodies are natural things in the sky, such as stars (bodies made of gases that are so hot they give off light), planets
The Outermost Planets The 7 Wanderers known since Antiquity. Uranus and Neptune distinctly Blue-ish! Uranus Uranus and 3 of its moons, barely visible from Earth. Discovered by William Herschel 1781. (Accidentally!)
Homework #2 is due at 11:50am this Friday! Thursday is last Planetarium observing. Outline Newton s Universal Law of Gravity Switch Gears Solar System Introduction What is Density? Solar Observing is happening
SOLAR SYSTEM NOTES 10.7.15 ENERGY TRANSFERS Radiation - a process in which energy travels through vacuum (without a medium) Conduction a process in which energy travels through a medium Convection - The
Joy of Science Experience the evolution of the Universe, Earth and Life Review Introduction Main contents Quiz Unless otherwise noted, all pictures are taken from wikipedia.org Review 1 The presence of
Astronomy Unit Notes Name: (DO NOT LOSE!) To help with the planets order 1 My = M 2 V = Venus 3 Eager = E 4 M = Mars 5 Just = J 6 Served = Saturn 7 Us = Uranus 8 N = N 1 Orbit: The path (usually elliptical)
Science-Themed Reading Comprehension Passage and Activities For Students with Autism By Positively Autism Making Learning Fun and Meaningful for Children with Autism This sample is part of a larger set
Chapter 06 Let s Make a Solar System How did it come to be this way? Where did it come from? Will I stop sounding like the Talking Heads? What does the solar system look like? Big picture. The solar system
Lecture 24: Saturn The Solar System First we focus on solar distance, average density, and mass: Planet Distance Density Mass Mercury 0.4 1.0 0.06 Venus 0.7 0.9 0.8 Earth 1.0 1.0 1.0 Mars 1.5 0.7 0.1 (asteroid)
Uranus & Neptune, The Ice Giants What We Will Learn Today How & When were Uranus & Neptune discovered? How are the interiors and weather on these planets? Why is Neptune as warm as Uranus? What are their
Earth Science Unit 9: Our Place in the Universe Lesson 8: The Outer Planets Make sure to have your study guide and a pencil and be ready to go when the timer dings! *If you choose not to participate, turn
Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE Tarbuck Lutgens 23.1 The Solar System The Planets: An Overview The terrestrial planets are planets that are small and rocky Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars. The Jovian planets
Skills Worksheet Chapter Review USING KEY TERMS For each pair of terms, explain how the meanings of the terms differ. 1. terrestrial planet and gas giant 2. asteroid and comet 3. meteor and meteorite Complete
The Moons Jupiter & Saturn Earth 1 Mars 2 Jupiter 63 Saturn 47 Uranus 27 Neptune 13 Pluto 3 Moons of the Planets Galileo (1610) found the first four moons of Jupiter. Total 156 (as of Nov. 8, 2005) Shortened
What is the Solar System? Our Solar System is one of many planetary systems. It consists of: The Sun Eight planets with their natural satellites Five dwarf planets Billions of asteroids, comets and meteors
The Solar system chapter 3 29 What components make up the Solar System? Standard 3, Objective 1, 6th Grade Text Structure: Description; Compare and Contrast Have you ever looked at the sky and wondered
The Solar System, Part II 9 Lesson Objectives Core Content Objectives Students will: Identify the earth s rotation or spin as the cause of day and night Explain that Earth orbits the sun Explain that our
14a. Uranus, Neptune & Pluto The discovery of Uranus & Neptune Uranus is oddly tilted & nearly featureless Neptune is cold & blue Uranus & Neptune are like yet dislike Jupiter The magnetic fields of Uranus
Learning About Our Solar System By debbie Routh COPYRIGHT 2004 Mark Twain Media, Inc. ISBN 978-1-58037-876-5 Printing No. 404007-EB Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers Distributed by Carson-Dellosa Publishing
Know Your Planets Learn about the properties of the Sun and planets in this card game. Space Awareness, Leiden Observatory Age 4-10 Supervised Unsupervised Core skills Asking questions, Analysing and interpreting
Name Class Date Chapter 25 The Solar System Section 25.1 Exploring the Solar System (pages 790 794) This section explores early models of our solar system. It describes the components of the solar system
Jupiter Orbit, Rotation Physical Properties Atmosphere, surface Interior Magnetosphere Moons (Voyager 1) Jupiter is the third-brightest object in the night sky (after the Moon and Venus). Exploration by
TopHat quizzes for astro 111 Lecture week 1 1. If you multiply 2 x 10 4 by itself, what do you get? A. 4 x 10 4 B. 4 x 10 8 C. 2 x 10 4 D. 4 x 10 16 2. Jupiter's maximum distance from the sun is approximately
A Survey of the Planets [Slides] Mercury Difficult to observe - never more than 28 degree angle from the Sun. Mariner 10 flyby (1974) Found cratered terrain. Messenger Orbiter (Launch 2004; Orbit 2009)
Galaxies and the Solar System by Lynn Durrant 1 10 tips for learning success Be independent and responsible for your own learning. Work collaboratively in pairs or groups. Use different strategies to help
The Solar System Teacher Background Information What is a solar system? Our solar system consists of the sun and all the objects that revolve around it: nine planets and their moons, thousands of asteroids
Part A Which of the following statements best describes the general pattern of composition among the four jovian planets? Hint A.1 Major categories of ingredients in planetary composition The following
A Tour of Our Solar System and Beyond The Sun diameter = 1,390,000 km = 864,000 mi >99.8% of the mass of the entire solar system surface temperature 5800 C 600 x 10 6 tons H -> 596 x 10 6 tons He per second