Notepack 23 12/19/2014 Stellar Evolution: Aim: The Life Cycle of a Star

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Notepack 23 12/19/2014 Stellar Evolution: Aim: The Life Cycle of a Star"

Transcription

1 Notepack 23 12/19/2014 Stellar Evolution: Aim: The Life Cycle of a Star Do Now: Where do stars come from? What are they made of?

2 What is a Star?

3 What is a Star? A star is a massive ball of gas that has ignited due to tremendous heat and pressure. Stars burn as the results of 2 Hydrogen atoms fusing together to create a Helium atom.

4

5

6

7

8

9

10 How do stars put hydrogen atoms together? Stars perform nuclear reaction to put hydrogens together. There are 2 types of nuclear reactions: Fission reactions which splits atoms apart. This creates a lot of energy Makes harmful waste produces (radioactive) Used by nuclear power plants Fusion reactions which combines atoms to make new ones. Creates enormous energy Needs a lot of energy to start it. Waste products are clean Used by stars.

11 Age of a Star Scientists can predict the age of a star based on the ratio of Hydrogen and Helium it has. Stars that have a lot of hydrogen (majority) is send to be a young star. Stars the have a lot of helium is said to be an old star. Scientist use a spectrometer to measure color emitted from the star to determine how much hydrogen it has.

12 Types of Stars Due to the different ages of stars and the amount of gas the star started with, we get many different types of stars

13

14 Types of Stars There are many different types of stars Hot Stars Blue Cold Stars Red Large Stars Supergiants Giants These stars have a high luminosity they are very bright Small Stars Dwarfs These stars have a low luminosity they are very dim

15 Luminosity Luminosity means the brightness of the star. The reason why some stars shine brighter than others is because these stars are creating enormous energy. The color of the star tells you it s temperature.

16 Our Sun Description of our Sun Main Sequence Yellow About 6,000 o C Our sun is an average star Not too big/not too small Not too hot/not too cold Not too bright/not too dim

17 Medium Size Stars Take about 1 million years to form Spend about 10 billion years on the mainsequence Similar to our sun Diameter: 1,391,400 Mass: 1.99 x kg (1 solar mass)

18 Supergiant Largest and Hottest stars Form quickly (100,000 years) Die quickly (average 100 million years) Contain about 8 times (or more) the mass of the Sun They die in an explosion Called a supernova

19 Red Dwarfs Smallest and coldest stars Take a long time to form (millions of years) Live for a very long time (trillions of years?)

20 How Stars Form Stars begin their lives as Nebula Nebula: A giant cloud of gas and dust in space Typical Temperature: 100 K (-279 C) COLD!!

21 Rosette Nebula Red = Hydrogen, Green = Oxygen, Yellow = Sulfur

22 Eagle Nebula

23

24

25

26 Dark Nebula there s so much dust that it obscures the background stars

27 Horsehead Nebula

28 North American Nebula

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

36

37 Pleides Star Cluster (7 sisters)

38 Bok Globule Small dark clouds made of gas and dust where new stars are forming

39

40 Collapse of a large cloud will ultimately result in a star cluster

41 How Stars Form Every atom has gravity. Gravity is an attraction between atoms. As atoms get closer to each other the attraction between them increase. Gravity increases as the atoms combine. The more atoms, the more gravity. The more gravity there is the more atoms are pull to it.

42 How Stars Form Every atom in the nebula has gravity. As these atoms move close to each other, they are attracted to each other. This attraction causes them to combine, thereby increasing the gravity pull. Has the gravity pull increases, so is the amount of atoms being pulled to the center. This action causes the nebula to be less like a gas and more like a solid.

43

44 1 st Stage of Life Ball of gas and dust that is pulled together by gravity Nuclear fusion starts as gas cloud becomes denser and hotter Nuclear Fusion hydrogen atoms fuse into helium Creates the intense energy found in stars

45 Depending on how much gas was in the nebula and how large in size the nebula was will depend on how long the star will stay in each stage of its life. Stage 2 - Main Sequence Stage 3 - Giants Stage 4- Super Giants Stage 5 - White Dwarfs or Nova

46 Main Sequence (the Sun) 2 nd stage Longest stage (usually) Hydrogen changes into helium which creates enormous amounts of energy The size of the star does not change much The star is somewhat stable

47

48 Giants and Supergiants 3 rd and 4 th stages Main Sequence star becomes a red giant Red giant star that expands and cools once is loses all its hydrogen Center shrinks and atmosphere grows large and cools In the future, our Sun will become a Red Giant. It will grow so large that it size will overlap the Earth s orbit, consuming the Earth.

49

50 Possible 5 th stage #1 White Dwarf small hot star that is the leftover center of an older star Final stage Can shine for billions of years before they extinguish

51 Possible 5 th stage #2 Red giant uses all of the hydrogen and collapse on itself. The collapsing star then explodes (a nova) The remnants of the star s core will form either: Black hole A neutron star

52 Supernova gigantic explosion in which a massive star collapses Occurs after a massive star uses up its fuel source Neutron Star a star that has collapsed to a point at which all particles are neutrons A neutron star that spins and sends out beams of radiation is called a pulsar

53 Age of stars Average stars become red giants then white dwarfs More massive stars explode into a variety of objects

54 Hertzprung-Russell Diagram Shows the relationship between a star s surface temperature and absolute magnitude Used to study the lives of stars Most stars lie along the main sequence portion of the diagram

55

56

Instructions. Students will underline the portions of the PowerPoint that are underlined.

Instructions. Students will underline the portions of the PowerPoint that are underlined. STARS Instructions Students will underline the portions of the PowerPoint that are underlined. Nuclear Furnace 1. A star is like a gigantic nuclear furnace. 2. The nuclear reactions inside convert hydrogen

More information

What is a star? A body of gases that gives off tremendous amounts of energy in the form of light & heat. What star is closest to the earth?

What is a star? A body of gases that gives off tremendous amounts of energy in the form of light & heat. What star is closest to the earth? Stars What is a star? A body of gases that gives off tremendous amounts of energy in the form of light & heat. What star is closest to the earth? Answer: The SUN It s about 150,000,000 km from earth =

More information

Star Formation A cloud of gas and dust, called a nebula, begins spinning & heating up. Eventually, it gets hot enough for fusion to take place, and a

Star Formation A cloud of gas and dust, called a nebula, begins spinning & heating up. Eventually, it gets hot enough for fusion to take place, and a Stars Star- large ball of gas held together by gravity that produces tremendous amounts of energy and shines Sun- our closest star Star Formation A cloud of gas and dust, called a nebula, begins spinning

More information

Life Cycle of a Star Worksheet

Life Cycle of a Star Worksheet Life Cycle of a Star Worksheet A STAR IS BORN STAGES COMMON TO ALL STARS All stars start as a nebula. A nebula is a large cloud of gas and dust. Gravity can pull some of the gas and dust in a nebula together.

More information

Classifying Stars. Scientists classify stars by: 1. Temperature 2. Brightness

Classifying Stars. Scientists classify stars by: 1. Temperature 2. Brightness STARS Classifying Stars Scientists classify stars by: 1. Temperature 2. Brightness Star Temperature 1. The color of a star tells us about its temperature. Blue stars are the hottest, 7500 C- 40,000 C.

More information

Directed Reading A. Section: The Life Cycle of Stars TYPES OF STARS THE LIFE CYCLE OF SUNLIKE STARS A TOOL FOR STUDYING STARS.

Directed Reading A. Section: The Life Cycle of Stars TYPES OF STARS THE LIFE CYCLE OF SUNLIKE STARS A TOOL FOR STUDYING STARS. Skills Worksheet Directed Reading A Section: The Life Cycle of Stars TYPES OF STARS (pp. 444 449) 1. Besides by mass, size, brightness, color, temperature, and composition, how are stars classified? a.

More information

LIFE CYCLE OF A STAR

LIFE CYCLE OF A STAR LIFE CYCLE OF A STAR First stage = Protostar PROTOSTAR Cloud of gas and dust many light-years across Gravity tries to pull the materials together Eventually, at the center of the ball of dust and gas,

More information

Stars. The composition of the star It s temperature It s lifespan

Stars. The composition of the star It s temperature It s lifespan Stars Stars A star is a ball of different elements in the form of gases The elements and gases give off electromagnetic radiation (from nuclear fusion) in the form of light Scientists study the light coming

More information

Life Cycle of a Star - Activities

Life Cycle of a Star - Activities Name: Class Period: Life Cycle of a Star - Activities A STAR IS BORN STAGES COMMON TO ALL STARS All stars start as a nebula. A nebula is a large cloud of gas and dust. Gravity can pull some of the gas

More information

Stars and Galaxies 1

Stars and Galaxies 1 Stars and Galaxies 1 Characteristics of Stars 2 Star - body of gases that gives off great amounts of radiant energy as light and heat 3 Most stars look white but are actually different colors Antares -

More information

The Life Cycles of Stars. Dr. Jim Lochner, NASA/GSFC

The Life Cycles of Stars. Dr. Jim Lochner, NASA/GSFC STARS I. Stellar Evolution The Life Cycles of Stars Dr. Jim Lochner, NASA/GSFC A. Nebula- cloud of gas and dust B. Protostar- spinning disk C. Main Sequence 1. When the protostar reaches 15 million C,

More information

To infinity, and beyond!

To infinity, and beyond! stars The night sky is filled with stars that shine at different levels of brightness. The brightness of the stars we observe can be related to the size of the star or its distance from Earth. In order

More information

the nature of the universe, galaxies, and stars can be determined by observations over time by using telescopes

the nature of the universe, galaxies, and stars can be determined by observations over time by using telescopes the nature of the universe, galaxies, and stars can be determined by observations over time by using telescopes The spectral lines of stars tell us their approximate composition Remember last year in Physics?

More information

Study Guide Chapter 2

Study Guide Chapter 2 Section: Stars Pages 32-38 Study Guide Chapter 2 Circle the letter of the best answer for each question. 1. What do scientists study to learn about stars? a. gravity c. space b. starlight d. colors COLOR

More information

LIFE CYCLE OF A STAR

LIFE CYCLE OF A STAR LIFE CYCLE OF A STAR First stage = Protostar PROTOSTAR Cloud of gas and dust many light-years across Gravity tries to pull the materials together Eventually, at the center of the ball of dust and gas,

More information

TAKE A LOOK 2. Identify This star is in the last stage of its life cycle. What is that stage?

TAKE A LOOK 2. Identify This star is in the last stage of its life cycle. What is that stage? CHAPTER 15 2 SECTION Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe The Life Cycle of Stars BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: How do stars change over time?

More information

Beyond the Solar System 2006 Oct 17 Page 1 of 5

Beyond the Solar System 2006 Oct 17 Page 1 of 5 I. Stars have color, brightness, mass, temperature and size. II. Distances to stars are measured using stellar parallax a. The further away, the less offset b. Parallax angles are extremely small c. Measured

More information

Ch. 29 The Stars Stellar Evolution

Ch. 29 The Stars Stellar Evolution Ch. 29 The Stars 29.3 Stellar Evolution Basic Structure of Stars Mass effects The more massive a star is, the greater the gravity pressing inward, and the hotter and more dense the star must be inside

More information

Review: HR Diagram. Label A, B, C respectively

Review: HR Diagram. Label A, B, C respectively Stellar Evolution Review: HR Diagram Label A, B, C respectively A C B a) A: White dwarfs, B: Giants, C: Main sequence b) A: Main sequence, B: Giants, C: White dwarfs c) A: Main sequence, B: White Dwarfs,

More information

Properties of Stars. Characteristics of Stars

Properties of Stars. Characteristics of Stars Properties of Stars Characteristics of Stars A constellation is an apparent group of stars originally named for mythical characters. The sky contains 88 constellations. Star Color and Temperature Color

More information

GALAXIES AND STARS. 2. Which star has a higher luminosity and a lower temperature than the Sun? A Rigel B Barnard s Star C Alpha Centauri D Aldebaran

GALAXIES AND STARS. 2. Which star has a higher luminosity and a lower temperature than the Sun? A Rigel B Barnard s Star C Alpha Centauri D Aldebaran GALAXIES AND STARS 1. Compared with our Sun, the star Betelgeuse is A smaller, hotter, and less luminous B smaller, cooler, and more luminous C larger, hotter, and less luminous D larger, cooler, and more

More information

They developed a graph, called the H-R diagram, that relates the temperature of a star to its absolute magnitude.

They developed a graph, called the H-R diagram, that relates the temperature of a star to its absolute magnitude. Ejnar Hertzsprung and Henry Russell noticed that stars with higher temperatures and large sizes also have brighter absolute magnitudes the actual amount of light given off by a star. (also referred to

More information

Daily Science 03/30/2017

Daily Science 03/30/2017 Daily Science 03/30/2017 The atmospheres of different planets contain different gases. Which planet is most likely Earth? a. planet 1 b. planet 2 c. planet 3 d. planet 4 KeslerScience.com Can you name

More information

Lecture 21 Formation of Stars November 15, 2017

Lecture 21 Formation of Stars November 15, 2017 Lecture 21 Formation of Stars November 15, 2017 1 2 Birth of Stars Stars originally condense out of a COLD, interstellar cloud composed of H and He + trace elements. cloud breaks into clumps (gravity)

More information

A Star is born: The Sun. SNC1D7-Space

A Star is born: The Sun. SNC1D7-Space A Star is born: The Sun SNC1D7-Space Exploring the Sun Our Sun, a star, is the most important celestial object for life on Earth. The solar nebula theory is the current theory used to explain the formation

More information

Galaxies and Stars. 3. Base your answer to the following question on The reaction below represents an energy-producing process.

Galaxies and Stars. 3. Base your answer to the following question on The reaction below represents an energy-producing process. Galaxies and Stars 1. To an observer on Earth, the Sun appears brighter than the star Rigel because the Sun is A) hotter than Rigel B) more luminous than Rigel C) closer than Rigel D) larger than Rigel

More information

STARS AND GALAXIES STARS

STARS AND GALAXIES STARS STARS AND GALAXIES STARS enormous spheres of plasma formed from strong gravitational forces PLASMA the most energetic state of matter; responsible for the characteristic glow emitted by these heavenly

More information

Stellar Evolution Notes

Stellar Evolution Notes Name: Block: Stellar Evolution Notes Stars mature, grow old and die. The more massive a star is, the shorter its life will be. Our Sun will live about 10 billion years. It is already 5 billion years old,

More information

The Universe. is space and everything in it.

The Universe. is space and everything in it. The Universe is space and everything in it. Galaxies A galaxy is a supercluster of stars, gas, and dust that are held together by gravity. There are three main types of galaxies: Irregular Elliptical Spiral

More information

How Do Stars Appear from Earth?

How Do Stars Appear from Earth? How Do Stars Appear from Earth? Magnitude: the brightness a star appears to have from Earth Apparent Magnitude depends on 2 things: (actual intrinsic brightness) The color of a star is related to its temperature:

More information

8.8A describe components of the universe, including stars, nebulae, galaxies and use models such as HR diagrams for classification

8.8A describe components of the universe, including stars, nebulae, galaxies and use models such as HR diagrams for classification 8.8A describe components of the universe, including stars, nebulae, galaxies and use models such as HR diagrams for classification 8.8B recognize that the Sun is a medium-sized star near the edge of a

More information

Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE

Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE Tarbuck Lutgens Chapter 25 Beyond Our Solar System 25.1 Properties of Stars Characteristics of Stars A constellation is an apparent group of stars originally named for mythical

More information

The Formation of Stars

The Formation of Stars The Formation of Stars A World of Dust The space between the stars is not completely empty, but filled with very dilute gas and dust, producing some of the most beautiful objects in the sky. We are interested

More information

25.2 Stellar Evolution. By studying stars of different ages, astronomers have been able to piece together the evolution of a star.

25.2 Stellar Evolution. By studying stars of different ages, astronomers have been able to piece together the evolution of a star. 25.2 Stellar Evolution By studying stars of different ages, astronomers have been able to piece together the evolution of a star. Star Birth The birthplaces of stars are dark, cool interstellar clouds,

More information

Galaxies Galore. Types of Galaxies: Star Clusters. Spiral spinning wit arms Elliptical roundish Irregular no set pattern

Galaxies Galore. Types of Galaxies: Star Clusters. Spiral spinning wit arms Elliptical roundish Irregular no set pattern Stars Studying Stars Astronomers use a spectroscope to study the movement of stars Blue shift towards earth Red shift away from earth Change in a wavelength moving toward or away from earth is the Doppler

More information

18. Which graph best represents the relationship between the number of sunspots and the amount of magnetic activity in the Sun?

18. Which graph best represents the relationship between the number of sunspots and the amount of magnetic activity in the Sun? 1. Which star has a surface temperature most similar to the surface temperature of Alpha Centauri? A) Polaris B) Betelgeuse C) Procyon B D) Sirius 2. Giant stars have greater luminosity than our sun mainly

More information

Astronomy 104: Second Exam

Astronomy 104: Second Exam Astronomy 104: Second Exam Stephen Lepp October 29, 2014 Each question is worth 2 points. Write your name on this exam and on the scantron. Short Answer A The Sun is powered by converting hydrogen to what?

More information

chapter 31 Stars and Galaxies

chapter 31 Stars and Galaxies chapter 31 Stars and Galaxies Day 1:Technology and the Big Bang Studying the Stars A. Telescopes - Electromagnetic radiation emitted by stars and other objects include light, radio, and X-ray Space telescopes

More information

Stars and Galaxies. Evolution of Stars

Stars and Galaxies. Evolution of Stars chapter 13 3 Stars and Galaxies section 3 Evolution of Stars Before You Read What makes one star different from another? Do you think the Sun is the same as other stars? Write your ideas on the lines below.

More information

TEACHER BACKGROUND INFORMATION

TEACHER BACKGROUND INFORMATION TEACHER BACKGROUND INFORMATION (The Universe) A. THE UNIVERSE: The universe encompasses all matter in existence. According to the Big Bang Theory, the universe was formed 10-20 billion years ago from a

More information

Stars & Galaxies. Chapter 27 Modern Earth Science

Stars & Galaxies. Chapter 27 Modern Earth Science Stars & Galaxies Chapter 27 Modern Earth Science Chapter 27, Section 1 27.1 Characteristics of Stars How do astronomers determine the composition and surface temperature of a star? Composition & Temperature

More information

Astro 21 first lecture. stars are born but also helps us study how. Density increases in the center of the star. The core does change from hydrogen to

Astro 21 first lecture. stars are born but also helps us study how. Density increases in the center of the star. The core does change from hydrogen to Astro 21 first lecture The H-R H R Diagram helps us study how stars are born but also helps us study how they die. Stars spend most of their lives as main sequence stars. The core does change from hydrogen

More information

Why Do Stars Leave the Main Sequence? Running out of fuel

Why Do Stars Leave the Main Sequence? Running out of fuel Star Deaths Why Do Stars Leave the Main Sequence? Running out of fuel Observing Stellar Evolution by studying Globular Cluster HR diagrams Plot stars in globular clusters in Hertzsprung-Russell diagram

More information

AST Section 2: Test 2

AST Section 2: Test 2 AST1002 - Section 2: Test 2 Date: 11/05/2009 Name: Equations: E = m c 2 Question 1: The Sun is a stable star because 1. gravity balances forces from pressure. (!) Miniquiz 7, Q3 2. the rate of fusion equals

More information

Explain how the sun converts matter into energy in its core. Describe the three layers of the sun s atmosphere.

Explain how the sun converts matter into energy in its core. Describe the three layers of the sun s atmosphere. Chapter 29 and 30 Explain how the sun converts matter into energy in its core. Describe the three layers of the sun s atmosphere. Explain how sunspots are related to powerful magnetic fields on the sun.

More information

GraspIT Questions AQA GCSE Physics Space physics

GraspIT Questions AQA GCSE Physics Space physics A. Solar system: stability of orbital motions; satellites (physics only) 1. Put these astronomical objects in order of size from largest to smallest. (3) Fill in the boxes in the correct order. the Moon

More information

Chapters 12 and 13 Review: The Life Cycle and Death of Stars. How are stars born, and how do they die? 4/1/2009 Habbal Astro Lecture 27 1

Chapters 12 and 13 Review: The Life Cycle and Death of Stars. How are stars born, and how do they die? 4/1/2009 Habbal Astro Lecture 27 1 Chapters 12 and 13 Review: The Life Cycle and Death of Stars How are stars born, and how do they die? 4/1/2009 Habbal Astro 110-01 Lecture 27 1 Stars are born in molecular clouds Clouds are very cold:

More information

Chapter 33 The History of a Star. Introduction. Radio telescopes allow us to look into the center of the galaxy. The milky way

Chapter 33 The History of a Star. Introduction. Radio telescopes allow us to look into the center of the galaxy. The milky way Chapter 33 The History of a Star Introduction Did you read chapter 33 before coming to class? A. Yes B. No You can see about 10,000 stars with the naked eye. The milky way Radio telescopes allow us to

More information

The Life Cycle of Stars. : Is the current theory of how our Solar System formed.

The Life Cycle of Stars. : Is the current theory of how our Solar System formed. Life Cycle of a Star Video (5 min) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pm9cqdlqi0a The Life Cycle of Stars Solar Nebula Theory : Is the current theory of how our Solar System formed. This theory states that

More information

Stars and their properties: (Chapters 11 and 12)

Stars and their properties: (Chapters 11 and 12) Stars and their properties: (Chapters 11 and 12) To classify stars we determine the following properties for stars: 1. Distance : Needed to determine how much energy stars produce and radiate away by using

More information

The physics of stars. A star begins simply as a roughly spherical ball of (mostly) hydrogen gas, responding only to gravity and it s own pressure.

The physics of stars. A star begins simply as a roughly spherical ball of (mostly) hydrogen gas, responding only to gravity and it s own pressure. Lecture 4 Stars The physics of stars A star begins simply as a roughly spherical ball of (mostly) hydrogen gas, responding only to gravity and it s own pressure. X-ray ultraviolet infrared radio To understand

More information

Position 1 Position 2 6 after position 1 Distance between positions 1 and 2 is the Bigger = bigger parallax (Ɵ)

Position 1 Position 2 6 after position 1 Distance between positions 1 and 2 is the Bigger = bigger parallax (Ɵ) STARS CHAPTER 10.1 the solar neighborhood The distances to the nearest stars can be measured using Parallax => the shift of an object relative to some distant background as the observer s point of view

More information

NSCI 314 LIFE IN THE COSMOS

NSCI 314 LIFE IN THE COSMOS NSCI 314 LIFE IN THE COSMOS 2 BASIC ASTRONOMY, AND STARS AND THEIR EVOLUTION Dr. Karen Kolehmainen Department of Physics CSUSB COURSE WEBPAGE: http://physics.csusb.edu/~karen MOTIONS IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM

More information

ASTRONOMY 1 EXAM 3 a Name

ASTRONOMY 1 EXAM 3 a Name ASTRONOMY 1 EXAM 3 a Name Identify Terms - Matching (20 @ 1 point each = 20 pts.) Multiple Choice (25 @ 2 points each = 50 pts.) Essays (choose 3 of 4 @ 10 points each = 30 pt 1.Luminosity D 8.White dwarf

More information

Stars & Galaxies. Chapter 27, Section 1. Composition & Temperature. Chapter 27 Modern Earth Science Characteristics of Stars

Stars & Galaxies. Chapter 27, Section 1. Composition & Temperature. Chapter 27 Modern Earth Science Characteristics of Stars Stars & Galaxies Chapter 27 Modern Earth Science Chapter 27, Section 1 27.1 Characteristics of Stars Composition & Temperature Scientists use the following tools to study stars Telescope Observation Spectral

More information

8/30/2010. Classifying Stars. Classifying Stars. Classifying Stars

8/30/2010. Classifying Stars. Classifying Stars. Classifying Stars Classifying Stars In the early 1900s, Ejnar Hertzsprung and Henry Russell made some important observations. They noticed that, in general, stars with higher temperatures also have brighter absolute magnitudes.

More information

1. What is the primary difference between the evolution of a low-mass star and that of a high-mass star?

1. What is the primary difference between the evolution of a low-mass star and that of a high-mass star? FYI: The Lives of Stars E3:R6b 1. Read FYI: The Lives of Stars As you read use the spaces below to write down any information you find especially interesting. Also define the bold terms used in the text.

More information

Cosmology, Galaxies, and Stars OUR VISIBLE UNIVERSE

Cosmology, Galaxies, and Stars OUR VISIBLE UNIVERSE Cosmology, Galaxies, and Stars OUR VISIBLE UNIVERSE Cosmology Cosmology is the study of the universe; its nature, origin and evolution. General Relativity is the mathematical basis of cosmology from which

More information

Stars and Galaxies. Evolution of Stars

Stars and Galaxies. Evolution of Stars Stars and Galaxies Evolution of Stars What do you think? Read the two statements below and decide whether you agree or disagree with them. Place an A in the Before column if you agree with the statement

More information

Chapter 11 Review. 1) Light from distant stars that must pass through dust arrives bluer than when it left its star. 1)

Chapter 11 Review. 1) Light from distant stars that must pass through dust arrives bluer than when it left its star. 1) Chapter 11 Review TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false. 1) Light from distant stars that must pass through dust arrives bluer than when it left its star. 1)

More information

Chapter 12 Review. 2) About 90% of the star's total life is spent on the main sequence. 2)

Chapter 12 Review. 2) About 90% of the star's total life is spent on the main sequence. 2) Chapter 12 Review TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false. 1) As a main-sequence star, the Sun's hydrogen supply should last about 10 billion years from the zero-age

More information

1 The Life Cycle of a Star

1 The Life Cycle of a Star CHAPTER 1 The Life Cycle of a Star Describe the life cycle of various size stars. Rings of glowing gas encircling Supernova 1987A, about 179,000 light-years away in the Large Magellanic Cloud, one of the

More information

Recall what you know about the Big Bang.

Recall what you know about the Big Bang. What is this? Recall what you know about the Big Bang. Most of the normal matter in the universe is made of what elements? Where do we find most of this normal matter? Interstellar medium (ISM) The universe

More information

Chapter 28 Stars and Their Characteristics

Chapter 28 Stars and Their Characteristics Chapter 28 Stars and Their Characteristics Origin of the Universe Big Bang Theory about 10-20 bya all matter in the universe existed in a hot dense state about the size of an atom (tiny). That matter sort

More information

Life and Death of a Star 2015

Life and Death of a Star 2015 Life and Death of a Star 2015 Name Date 1. In the main-sequence, the core is slowly shrinking because A. the mass of the star is slowly increasing B. hydrogen fusing to helium makes the core more dense

More information

A star is a massive sphere of gases with a core like a thermonuclear reactor. They are the most common celestial bodies in the universe are stars.

A star is a massive sphere of gases with a core like a thermonuclear reactor. They are the most common celestial bodies in the universe are stars. A star is a massive sphere of gases with a core like a thermonuclear reactor. They are the most common celestial bodies in the universe are stars. They radiate energy (electromagnetic radiation) from a

More information

*Generally speaking, there are two main life cycles for stars. *The factor which determines the life cycle of the star is its mass.

*Generally speaking, there are two main life cycles for stars. *The factor which determines the life cycle of the star is its mass. Generally speaking, there are two main life cycles for stars. The factor which determines the life cycle of the star is its mass. 1 solar mass = size of our Sun Any star less than about three solar masses

More information

Textbook Chapters 24 - Stars Textbook Chapter 25 - Universe. Regents Earth Science with Ms. Connery

Textbook Chapters 24 - Stars Textbook Chapter 25 - Universe. Regents Earth Science with Ms. Connery Textbook Chapters 24 - Stars Textbook Chapter 25 - Universe Regents Earth Science with Ms. Connery SPECTROSCOPY is the study of light. Read to learn - textbook pages 674-677 STAR LIGHT gives us characteristics

More information

CHAPTER 9: STARS AND GALAXIES

CHAPTER 9: STARS AND GALAXIES CHAPTER 9: STARS AND GALAXIES Characteristics of the Sun 1. The Sun is located about 150 million kilometres from the Earth. 2. The Sun is made up of hot gases, mostly hydrogen and helium. 3. The size of

More information

Stellar Astronomy Sample Questions for Exam 4

Stellar Astronomy Sample Questions for Exam 4 Stellar Astronomy Sample Questions for Exam 4 Chapter 15 1. Emission nebulas emit light because a) they absorb high energy radiation (mostly UV) from nearby bright hot stars and re-emit it in visible wavelengths.

More information

Exam #2 Review Sheet. Part #1 Clicker Questions

Exam #2 Review Sheet. Part #1 Clicker Questions Exam #2 Review Sheet Part #1 Clicker Questions 1) The energy of a photon emitted by thermonuclear processes in the core of the Sun takes thousands or even millions of years to emerge from the surface because

More information

December 18, What do you know about the life of a star?

December 18, What do you know about the life of a star? December 18, 2013 What do you know about the life of a star? Bellwork December 18, 2014 What determines the life cycle and life time of a star? Scale 4 3 2 1 0 I am a 3 and can apply the stages to the

More information

1. Star: A object made of gas found in outer space that radiates.

1. Star: A object made of gas found in outer space that radiates. 1. Star: A object made of gas found in outer space that radiates. 2. Stars produce extremely great quantities of energy through the process of. The chemical formula for nuclear fusion looks like this:

More information

Chapter Introduction Lesson 1 The View from Earth Lesson 2 The Sun and Other Stars Lesson 3 Evolution of Stars Lesson 4 Galaxies and the Universe

Chapter Introduction Lesson 1 The View from Earth Lesson 2 The Sun and Other Stars Lesson 3 Evolution of Stars Lesson 4 Galaxies and the Universe Chapter Introduction Lesson 1 The View from Earth Lesson 2 The Sun and Other Stars Lesson 3 Evolution of Stars Lesson 4 Galaxies and the Universe Chapter Wrap-Up What makes up the universe and how does

More information

The Life Cycles of Stars. Modified from Information provided by: Dr. Jim Lochner, NASA/GSFC

The Life Cycles of Stars. Modified from Information provided by: Dr. Jim Lochner, NASA/GSFC The Life Cycles of Stars Modified from Information provided by: Dr. Jim Lochner, NASA/GSFC Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star... What do you see? How I Wonder What You Are... Stars have: Different Colors -

More information

Stellar Evolution: Outline

Stellar Evolution: Outline Stellar Evolution: Outline Interstellar Medium (dust) Hydrogen and Helium Small amounts of Carbon Dioxide (makes it easier to detect) Massive amounts of material between 100,000 and 10,000,000 solar masses

More information

Earth Space Systems. Semester 1 Exam. Astronomy Vocabulary

Earth Space Systems. Semester 1 Exam. Astronomy Vocabulary Earth Space Systems Semester 1 Exam Astronomy Vocabulary Astronomical Unit- Aurora- Big Bang- Black Hole- 1AU is the average distance between the Earth and the Sun (93 million miles). This unit of measurement

More information

Gravity simplest. fusion

Gravity simplest. fusion Gravity simplest fusion The life of a star has a complex relationship with gravity: 1. Gravity is what brings the original dust together to make a star 2. Gravity wants to crush the star Gravity pulls

More information

Comparing a Supergiant to the Sun

Comparing a Supergiant to the Sun The Lifetime of Stars Once a star has reached the main sequence stage of it life, it derives its energy from the fusion of hydrogen to helium Stars remain on the main sequence for a long time and most

More information

PHYS103 Sec 901 Hour Exam No. 3 Practice Version 1 Page: 1

PHYS103 Sec 901 Hour Exam No. 3 Practice Version 1 Page: 1 PHYS103 Sec 901 Hour Exam No. 3 Practice Version 1 Page: 1 PHYS103 Sec 901 Hour Exam No. 3 Practice Version 1 Page: 2 1 The HR diagram of a young, open cluster typically shows a. the entire main sequence

More information

Birth & Death of Stars

Birth & Death of Stars Birth & Death of Stars Objectives How are stars formed How do they die How do we measure this The Interstellar Medium (ISM) Vast clouds of gas & dust lie between stars Diffuse hydrogen clouds: dozens of

More information

Exam # 3 Tue 12/06/2011 Astronomy 100/190Y Exploring the Universe Fall 11 Instructor: Daniela Calzetti

Exam # 3 Tue 12/06/2011 Astronomy 100/190Y Exploring the Universe Fall 11 Instructor: Daniela Calzetti Exam # 3 Tue 12/06/2011 Astronomy 100/190Y Exploring the Universe Fall 11 Instructor: Daniela Calzetti INSTRUCTIONS: Please, use the `bubble sheet and a pencil # 2 to answer the exam questions, by marking

More information

What is a star made from? How long does a star last? Write your ideas on the lines below. What does the colour of a star reveal?

What is a star made from? How long does a star last? Write your ideas on the lines below. What does the colour of a star reveal? Stars Textbook pages 368 381 Section 11.1 Summary Before You Read What is a star made from? How long does a star last? Write your ideas on the lines below. Mark the Text Reinforce Your Understanding As

More information

Stars and Galaxies. Content Outline for Teaching

Stars and Galaxies. Content Outline for Teaching Section 1 Stars A. Patterns of stars - constellations 1. Ancient cultures used mythology or everyday items to name constellations 2. Modern astronomy studies 88 constellations 3. Some constellations are

More information

Stellar Evolution and the HertzsprungRussell Diagram 7/14/09. Astronomy 101

Stellar Evolution and the HertzsprungRussell Diagram 7/14/09. Astronomy 101 Stellar Evolution and the HertzsprungRussell Diagram 7/14/09 Astronomy 101 Astronomy Picture of the Day Astronomy 101 Outline for Today Astronomy Picture of the Day News Articles Business Return Lab 5

More information

L = 4 d 2 B p. 1. Which outer layer of the Sun has the highest temperature? A) Photosphere B) Corona C) Chromosphere D) Exosphere E) Thermosphere

L = 4 d 2 B p. 1. Which outer layer of the Sun has the highest temperature? A) Photosphere B) Corona C) Chromosphere D) Exosphere E) Thermosphere Fall 2016 Astronomy - Test 3 Test form A Name Do not forget to write your name and fill in the bubbles with your student number, and fill in test form A on the answer sheet. Write your name above as well.

More information

L = 4 d 2 B p. 4. Which of the letters at right corresponds roughly to where one would find a red giant star on the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram?

L = 4 d 2 B p. 4. Which of the letters at right corresponds roughly to where one would find a red giant star on the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram? Fall 2016 Astronomy - Test 3 Test form B Name Do not forget to write your name and fill in the bubbles with your student number, and fill in test form B on the answer sheet. Write your name above as well.

More information

Astronomy Ch. 20 Stellar Evolution. MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Astronomy Ch. 20 Stellar Evolution. MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Name: Period: Date: Astronomy Ch. 20 Stellar Evolution MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) A star (no matter what its mass) spends

More information

Astronomy Ch. 20 Stellar Evolution. MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Astronomy Ch. 20 Stellar Evolution. MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Name: Period: Date: Astronomy Ch. 20 Stellar Evolution MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) A star (no matter what its mass) spends

More information

Astronomy 10 Test #2 Practice Version

Astronomy 10 Test #2 Practice Version Given (a.k.a. `First ) Name(s): Family (a.k.a. `Last ) name: ON YOUR PARSCORE: `Bubble your name, your student I.D. number, and your multiple-choice answers. I will keep the Parscore forms. ON THIS TEST

More information

2002 Exploratorium,

2002 Exploratorium, Life Cycles Of The Stars This activity helps students conceptualize the time scales involved in astronomical processes such as the life cycles of the stars. Materials Needed Star histories (see attached

More information

CONTENT EXPECTATIONS

CONTENT EXPECTATIONS THE SUN & THE STARS CONTENT EXPECTATIONS STARS What are stars? Are they all the same? What makes them different? What is our nearest star? THE SUN Why is it important? provides heat and light that we need

More information

Stars and Planets GPS S4E1 A-D: Students will compare and contrast the physical attributes of stars, star patterns, and planets. Ms.

Stars and Planets GPS S4E1 A-D: Students will compare and contrast the physical attributes of stars, star patterns, and planets. Ms. Stars and Planets GPS S4E1 A-D: Students will compare and contrast the physical attributes of stars, star patterns, and planets. Ms. D AngeloD Physical Attributes of Stars Number Size Color Pattern A star

More information

Earth Science, 13e Tarbuck & Lutgens

Earth Science, 13e Tarbuck & Lutgens Earth Science, 13e Tarbuck & Lutgens Beyond Our Solar System Earth Science, 13e Chapter 24 Stanley C. Hatfield Southwestern Illinois College Properties of stars Distance Distances to the stars are very

More information

The Night Sky. The Universe. The Celestial Sphere. Stars. Chapter 14

The Night Sky. The Universe. The Celestial Sphere. Stars. Chapter 14 The Night Sky The Universe Chapter 14 Homework: All the multiple choice questions in Applying the Concepts and Group A questions in Parallel Exercises. Celestial observation dates to ancient civilizations

More information

Lecture 33: The Lives of Stars

Lecture 33: The Lives of Stars Lecture 33 The Lives of Stars Astronomy 141 Winter 2012 This lecture concerns the life cycle of normal stars. Stars shine because they are hot, and need a source of energy to keep shining. Main Sequence

More information

SOLAR SYSTEM, STABILITY OF ORBITAL MOTIONS, SATELLITES

SOLAR SYSTEM, STABILITY OF ORBITAL MOTIONS, SATELLITES SOLAR SYSTEM, STABILITY OF ORBITAL MOTIONS, SATELLITES Q1. The figure below shows what scientists over 1000 years ago thought the solar system was like. Give one way that the historical model of the solar

More information

Chapter 13 Notes The Deaths of Stars Astronomy Name: Date:

Chapter 13 Notes The Deaths of Stars Astronomy Name: Date: Chapter 13 Notes The Deaths of Stars Astronomy Name: Date: I. The End of a Star s Life When all the fuel in a star is used up, will win over pressure and the star will die nuclear fuel; gravity High-mass

More information

Stars Star birth and kinds Elemental furnaces Star death and heavy elements

Stars Star birth and kinds Elemental furnaces Star death and heavy elements Stars Star birth and kinds Elemental furnaces Star death and heavy elements Matter was not uniformly distributed as the universe expanded after the Big Bang. This lumpy universe coalesced under the force

More information

Reading and Announcements. Read Chapter 14.1, 14.2 Homework #6 due Tuesday, March 26 Exam #2, Thursday, March 28

Reading and Announcements. Read Chapter 14.1, 14.2 Homework #6 due Tuesday, March 26 Exam #2, Thursday, March 28 Reading and Announcements Read Chapter 14.1, 14.2 Homework #6 due Tuesday, March 26 Exam #2, Thursday, March 28 The life of the Sun The Sun started as a cloud of gas. Gravity caused the cloud to collapse.

More information