Warm-up. True or false? Baby proof. 2. The system of normal equations for A x = y has solutions iff A x = y has solutions

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Warm-up. True or false? Baby proof. 2. The system of normal equations for A x = y has solutions iff A x = y has solutions"

Transcription

1 Warm-up True or false? 1. proj u proj v u = u 2. The system of normal equations for A x = y has solutions iff A x = y has solutions 3. The normal equations are always consistent Baby proof 1. Let A be a nonzero matrix and set S = col(a). Prove that if A x = y is consistent, then proj S y = y

2 A I. Without doing any computations, estimate det A II. Without doing any computations, give an eigenvalue of A with an associated eigenvector III.Write down the matrix A. Hint: think A x 1 x =?? 2??

3 4.1: Subspaces Key examples: span u 1,, u k, null(a) and range A = col(a)

4 4.1: Subspaces Key examples: span u 1,, u k, null(a) and range A = col(a) A 1-to-1 iff ker A = {0}

5 4.1: Subspaces Key examples: span u 1,, u k, null(a) and range A = col(a) A 1-to-1 iff ker A = {0} BIG Theorem addition?

6 4.2: Basis and dimension Definitions

7 4.2: Basis and dimension Definitions Every basis has the same number of vectors

8 4.2: Basis and dimension Definitions Every basis has the same number of vectors Can always get a basis: Given a linearly independent set, just add vectors not in the span Given a spanning set, kick out vectors in the span

9 4.2: Basis and dimension Definitions Every basis has the same number of vectors Can always get a basis: Given a linearly independent set, just add vectors not in the span Given a spanning set, kick out vectors in the span BIG Theorem addition?

10 4.3: Row and column space Definitions

11 4.3: Row and column space Definitions Same dimension! (# pivot columns = # pivot rows = rank )

12 4.3: Row and column space Definitions Same dimension! (# pivot columns = # pivot rows = rank ) If A is m n, nullity A + rank A = m

13 4.3: Row and column space Definitions Same dimension! (# pivot columns = # pivot rows = rank ) If A is m n, nullity A + rank A = m BIG Theorem addition?

14 5.1: det: n n matrices R Cofactor expansion

15 5.1: det: n n matrices R Cofactor expansion A invertible iff det A 0

16 5.1: det: n n matrices R Cofactor expansion A invertible iff det A 0 area A R = det(a) area(r)

17 5.1: det: n n matrices R Cofactor expansion A invertible iff det A 0 area A R = det(a) area(r) det A T = det A, det AB = det A det(b)

18 5.1: det: n n matrices R Cofactor expansion A invertible iff det A 0 area A R det A T = det(a) area(r) = det A, det AB = det A det(b) Determinant of a triangular matrix is the product of the diagonal entries

19 5.1: det: n n matrices R Cofactor expansion A invertible iff det A 0 area A R det A T = det(a) area(r) = det A, det AB = det A det(b) Determinant of a triangular matrix is the product of the diagonal entries BIG Theorem addition?

20 6.1: Eigenvalues and eigenvectors A x = λx

21 6.1: Eigenvalues and eigenvectors A x = λx To find eigenvalues, find roots of det A λi = 0

22 6.1: Eigenvalues and eigenvectors A x = λx To find eigenvalues, find roots of det A λi = 0 Multiplicity: λ 4 λ + 5 λ 7 3

23 6.1: Eigenvalues and eigenvectors A x = λx To find eigenvalues, find roots of det A λi = 0 Multiplicity: λ 4 λ + 5 λ 7 3 To find eigenvectors, solve A λi x = 0; gives the eigenspace

24 6.1: Eigenvalues and eigenvectors A x = λx To find eigenvalues, find roots of det A λi = 0 Multiplicity: λ 4 λ + 5 λ 7 3 To find eigenvectors, solve A λi x = 0; gives the eigenspace BIG Theorem addition?

25 6.3: Change of basis Let B = { v 1,, v n } be a basis. Then c 1 c 2 x B = c n B means x = c 1 v 1 + c 2 v c n v n

26 6.3: Change of basis Let B = { v 1,, v n } be a basis. Then c 1 c 2 x B = c n B means x = c 1 v 1 + c 2 v c n v n So if U = [ v 1 v n ], then x = Ux B U 1 x = x B

27 6.3: Change of basis Let B = { v 1,, v n } be a basis. Then c 1 c 2 x B = c n B means x = c 1 v 1 + c 2 v c n v n So if U = [ v 1 v n ], then x = Ux B U 1 x = x B Formula to change between two bases follows

28 8.1: Orthogonality and Orthogonal vectors, sets, bases and subspaces (S )

29 8.1: Orthogonality and Orthogonal vectors, sets, bases and subspaces (S ) x = x x

30 8.1: Orthogonality and Orthogonal vectors, sets, bases and subspaces (S ) x = x x If x y = 0, x 2 + y 2 = x + y 2

31 8.1: Orthogonality and Orthogonal vectors, sets, bases and subspaces (S ) x = x x If x y = 0, x 2 + y 2 = x + y 2 If x span{ s 1,, s k }, an orthogonal basis, then x = k j=1 x sj s j s j s j = k j=1 proj s j ( x)

32 8.2: Projections and Gramm-Schmidt Definition, properties

33 8.2: Projections and Gramm-Schmidt Definition, properties Key observation: x proj S (x) is orthogonal to S

34 8.2: Projections and Gramm-Schmidt Definition, properties Key observation: x proj S (x) is orthogonal to S Gramm Schmidt on s 1,, s k : v 1 s 1 v 2 s 2 proj v1 ( s 2 ) v 3 s 3 proj v1 s 3 proj v2 ( s 3 ) v j s j proj span{v1,v 2,,v j 1 } s j

35 8.5: Least-squares regression How to solve an inconsistent system A x = y: Replace y with proj col A y =: y

36 8.5: Least-squares regression How to solve an inconsistent system A x = y: Replace y with proj col A y =: y The solution x to A x = y is the least-squares solution and satisfies A x y A x y for all x

37 8.5: Least-squares regression How to solve an inconsistent system A x = y: Replace y with proj col A y =: y The solution x to A x = y is the least-squares solution and satisfies A x y A x y for all x Normal equations: the least-squares solution set to A x = y is identical to the solution set of A T A x = A T y

Chapters 5 & 6: Theory Review: Solutions Math 308 F Spring 2015

Chapters 5 & 6: Theory Review: Solutions Math 308 F Spring 2015 Chapters 5 & 6: Theory Review: Solutions Math 308 F Spring 205. If A is a 3 3 triangular matrix, explain why det(a) is equal to the product of entries on the diagonal. If A is a lower triangular or diagonal

More information

MA 265 FINAL EXAM Fall 2012

MA 265 FINAL EXAM Fall 2012 MA 265 FINAL EXAM Fall 22 NAME: INSTRUCTOR S NAME:. There are a total of 25 problems. You should show work on the exam sheet, and pencil in the correct answer on the scantron. 2. No books, notes, or calculators

More information

2. Every linear system with the same number of equations as unknowns has a unique solution.

2. Every linear system with the same number of equations as unknowns has a unique solution. 1. For matrices A, B, C, A + B = A + C if and only if A = B. 2. Every linear system with the same number of equations as unknowns has a unique solution. 3. Every linear system with the same number of equations

More information

Dimension. Eigenvalue and eigenvector

Dimension. Eigenvalue and eigenvector Dimension. Eigenvalue and eigenvector Math 112, week 9 Goals: Bases, dimension, rank-nullity theorem. Eigenvalue and eigenvector. Suggested Textbook Readings: Sections 4.5, 4.6, 5.1, 5.2 Week 9: Dimension,

More information

235 Final exam review questions

235 Final exam review questions 5 Final exam review questions Paul Hacking December 4, 0 () Let A be an n n matrix and T : R n R n, T (x) = Ax the linear transformation with matrix A. What does it mean to say that a vector v R n is an

More information

Recall : Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors

Recall : Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors Recall : Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors Let A be an n n matrix. If a nonzero vector x in R n satisfies Ax λx for a scalar λ, then : The scalar λ is called an eigenvalue of A. The vector x is called an eigenvector

More information

(b) If a multiple of one row of A is added to another row to produce B then det(b) =det(a).

(b) If a multiple of one row of A is added to another row to produce B then det(b) =det(a). .(5pts) Let B = 5 5. Compute det(b). (a) (b) (c) 6 (d) (e) 6.(5pts) Determine which statement is not always true for n n matrices A and B. (a) If two rows of A are interchanged to produce B, then det(b)

More information

ft-uiowa-math2550 Assignment OptionalFinalExamReviewMultChoiceMEDIUMlengthForm due 12/31/2014 at 10:36pm CST

ft-uiowa-math2550 Assignment OptionalFinalExamReviewMultChoiceMEDIUMlengthForm due 12/31/2014 at 10:36pm CST me me ft-uiowa-math255 Assignment OptionalFinalExamReviewMultChoiceMEDIUMlengthForm due 2/3/2 at :3pm CST. ( pt) Library/TCNJ/TCNJ LinearSystems/problem3.pg Give a geometric description of the following

More information

MATH. 20F SAMPLE FINAL (WINTER 2010)

MATH. 20F SAMPLE FINAL (WINTER 2010) MATH. 20F SAMPLE FINAL (WINTER 2010) You have 3 hours for this exam. Please write legibly and show all working. No calculators are allowed. Write your name, ID number and your TA s name below. The total

More information

Solutions to Final Exam

Solutions to Final Exam Solutions to Final Exam. Let A be a 3 5 matrix. Let b be a nonzero 5-vector. Assume that the nullity of A is. (a) What is the rank of A? 3 (b) Are the rows of A linearly independent? (c) Are the columns

More information

In Class Peer Review Assignment 2

In Class Peer Review Assignment 2 Name: Due Date: Tues. Dec. 5th In Class Peer Review Assignment 2 D.M. 1 : 7 (7pts) Short Answer 8 : 14 (32pts) T/F and Multiple Choice 15 : 30 (15pts) Total out of (54pts) Directions: Put only your answers

More information

Final Review Written by Victoria Kala SH 6432u Office Hours R 12:30 1:30pm Last Updated 11/30/2015

Final Review Written by Victoria Kala SH 6432u Office Hours R 12:30 1:30pm Last Updated 11/30/2015 Final Review Written by Victoria Kala vtkala@mathucsbedu SH 6432u Office Hours R 12:30 1:30pm Last Updated 11/30/2015 Summary This review contains notes on sections 44 47, 51 53, 61, 62, 65 For your final,

More information

Glossary of Linear Algebra Terms. Prepared by Vince Zaccone For Campus Learning Assistance Services at UCSB

Glossary of Linear Algebra Terms. Prepared by Vince Zaccone For Campus Learning Assistance Services at UCSB Glossary of Linear Algebra Terms Basis (for a subspace) A linearly independent set of vectors that spans the space Basic Variable A variable in a linear system that corresponds to a pivot column in the

More information

Math 308 Practice Test for Final Exam Winter 2015

Math 308 Practice Test for Final Exam Winter 2015 Math 38 Practice Test for Final Exam Winter 25 No books are allowed during the exam. But you are allowed one sheet ( x 8) of handwritten notes (back and front). You may use a calculator. For TRUE/FALSE

More information

In Class Peer Review Assignment 2

In Class Peer Review Assignment 2 Name: Due Date: Tues. Dec. 5th In Class Peer Review Assignment 2 D.M. 1 : 7 (7pts) Short Answer 8 : 14 (32pts) T/F and Multiple Choice 15 : 30 (15pts) Total out of (54pts) Directions: Put only your answers

More information

Math 314/ Exam 2 Blue Exam Solutions December 4, 2008 Instructor: Dr. S. Cooper. Name:

Math 314/ Exam 2 Blue Exam Solutions December 4, 2008 Instructor: Dr. S. Cooper. Name: Math 34/84 - Exam Blue Exam Solutions December 4, 8 Instructor: Dr. S. Cooper Name: Read each question carefully. Be sure to show all of your work and not just your final conclusion. You may not use your

More information

LINEAR ALGEBRA REVIEW

LINEAR ALGEBRA REVIEW LINEAR ALGEBRA REVIEW SPENCER BECKER-KAHN Basic Definitions Domain and Codomain. Let f : X Y be any function. This notation means that X is the domain of f and Y is the codomain of f. This means that for

More information

Remark By definition, an eigenvector must be a nonzero vector, but eigenvalue could be zero.

Remark By definition, an eigenvector must be a nonzero vector, but eigenvalue could be zero. Sec 6 Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors Definition An eigenvector of an n n matrix A is a nonzero vector x such that A x λ x for some scalar λ A scalar λ is called an eigenvalue of A if there is a nontrivial

More information

MATH 20F: LINEAR ALGEBRA LECTURE B00 (T. KEMP)

MATH 20F: LINEAR ALGEBRA LECTURE B00 (T. KEMP) MATH 20F: LINEAR ALGEBRA LECTURE B00 (T KEMP) Definition 01 If T (x) = Ax is a linear transformation from R n to R m then Nul (T ) = {x R n : T (x) = 0} = Nul (A) Ran (T ) = {Ax R m : x R n } = {b R m

More information

(a) If A is a 3 by 4 matrix, what does this tell us about its nullspace? Solution: dim N(A) 1, since rank(a) 3. Ax =

(a) If A is a 3 by 4 matrix, what does this tell us about its nullspace? Solution: dim N(A) 1, since rank(a) 3. Ax = . (5 points) (a) If A is a 3 by 4 matrix, what does this tell us about its nullspace? dim N(A), since rank(a) 3. (b) If we also know that Ax = has no solution, what do we know about the rank of A? C(A)

More information

Conceptual Questions for Review

Conceptual Questions for Review Conceptual Questions for Review Chapter 1 1.1 Which vectors are linear combinations of v = (3, 1) and w = (4, 3)? 1.2 Compare the dot product of v = (3, 1) and w = (4, 3) to the product of their lengths.

More information

Math 4A Notes. Written by Victoria Kala Last updated June 11, 2017

Math 4A Notes. Written by Victoria Kala Last updated June 11, 2017 Math 4A Notes Written by Victoria Kala vtkala@math.ucsb.edu Last updated June 11, 2017 Systems of Linear Equations A linear equation is an equation that can be written in the form a 1 x 1 + a 2 x 2 +...

More information

IMPORTANT DEFINITIONS AND THEOREMS REFERENCE SHEET

IMPORTANT DEFINITIONS AND THEOREMS REFERENCE SHEET IMPORTANT DEFINITIONS AND THEOREMS REFERENCE SHEET This is a (not quite comprehensive) list of definitions and theorems given in Math 1553. Pay particular attention to the ones in red. Study Tip For each

More information

Question: Given an n x n matrix A, how do we find its eigenvalues? Idea: Suppose c is an eigenvalue of A, then what is the determinant of A-cI?

Question: Given an n x n matrix A, how do we find its eigenvalues? Idea: Suppose c is an eigenvalue of A, then what is the determinant of A-cI? Section 5. The Characteristic Polynomial Question: Given an n x n matrix A, how do we find its eigenvalues? Idea: Suppose c is an eigenvalue of A, then what is the determinant of A-cI? Property The eigenvalues

More information

(a) II and III (b) I (c) I and III (d) I and II and III (e) None are true.

(a) II and III (b) I (c) I and III (d) I and II and III (e) None are true. 1 Which of the following statements is always true? I The null space of an m n matrix is a subspace of R m II If the set B = {v 1,, v n } spans a vector space V and dimv = n, then B is a basis for V III

More information

Solutions to Final Practice Problems Written by Victoria Kala Last updated 12/5/2015

Solutions to Final Practice Problems Written by Victoria Kala Last updated 12/5/2015 Solutions to Final Practice Problems Written by Victoria Kala vtkala@math.ucsb.edu Last updated /5/05 Answers This page contains answers only. See the following pages for detailed solutions. (. (a x. See

More information

Math 2030, Matrix Theory and Linear Algebra I, Fall 2011 Final Exam, December 13, 2011 FIRST NAME: LAST NAME: STUDENT ID:

Math 2030, Matrix Theory and Linear Algebra I, Fall 2011 Final Exam, December 13, 2011 FIRST NAME: LAST NAME: STUDENT ID: Math 2030, Matrix Theory and Linear Algebra I, Fall 20 Final Exam, December 3, 20 FIRST NAME: LAST NAME: STUDENT ID: SIGNATURE: Part I: True or false questions Decide whether each statement is true or

More information

Math 18, Linear Algebra, Lecture C00, Spring 2017 Review and Practice Problems for Final Exam

Math 18, Linear Algebra, Lecture C00, Spring 2017 Review and Practice Problems for Final Exam Math 8, Linear Algebra, Lecture C, Spring 7 Review and Practice Problems for Final Exam. The augmentedmatrix of a linear system has been transformed by row operations into 5 4 8. Determine if the system

More information

IMPORTANT DEFINITIONS AND THEOREMS REFERENCE SHEET

IMPORTANT DEFINITIONS AND THEOREMS REFERENCE SHEET IMPORTANT DEFINITIONS AND THEOREMS REFERENCE SHEET This is a (not quite comprehensive) list of definitions and theorems given in Math 1553. Pay particular attention to the ones in red. Study Tip For each

More information

Sample Final Exam: Solutions

Sample Final Exam: Solutions Sample Final Exam: Solutions Problem. A linear transformation T : R R 4 is given by () x x T = x 4. x + (a) Find the standard matrix A of this transformation; (b) Find a basis and the dimension for Range(T

More information

Study Guide for Linear Algebra Exam 2

Study Guide for Linear Algebra Exam 2 Study Guide for Linear Algebra Exam 2 Term Vector Space Definition A Vector Space is a nonempty set V of objects, on which are defined two operations, called addition and multiplication by scalars (real

More information

LINEAR ALGEBRA SUMMARY SHEET.

LINEAR ALGEBRA SUMMARY SHEET. LINEAR ALGEBRA SUMMARY SHEET RADON ROSBOROUGH https://intuitiveexplanationscom/linear-algebra-summary-sheet/ This document is a concise collection of many of the important theorems of linear algebra, organized

More information

Chapter 5. Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors

Chapter 5. Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors Chapter 5 Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors Section 5. Eigenvectors and Eigenvalues Motivation: Difference equations A Biology Question How to predict a population of rabbits with given dynamics:. half of the

More information

1. Diagonalize the matrix A if possible, that is, find an invertible matrix P and a diagonal

1. Diagonalize the matrix A if possible, that is, find an invertible matrix P and a diagonal . Diagonalize the matrix A if possible, that is, find an invertible matrix P and a diagonal 3 9 matrix D such that A = P DP, for A =. 3 4 3 (a) P = 4, D =. 3 (b) P = 4, D =. (c) P = 4 8 4, D =. 3 (d) P

More information

Remark 1 By definition, an eigenvector must be a nonzero vector, but eigenvalue could be zero.

Remark 1 By definition, an eigenvector must be a nonzero vector, but eigenvalue could be zero. Sec 5 Eigenvectors and Eigenvalues In this chapter, vector means column vector Definition An eigenvector of an n n matrix A is a nonzero vector x such that A x λ x for some scalar λ A scalar λ is called

More information

Math 323 Exam 2 Sample Problems Solution Guide October 31, 2013

Math 323 Exam 2 Sample Problems Solution Guide October 31, 2013 Math Exam Sample Problems Solution Guide October, Note that the following provides a guide to the solutions on the sample problems, but in some cases the complete solution would require more work or justification

More information

80 min. 65 points in total. The raw score will be normalized according to the course policy to count into the final score.

80 min. 65 points in total. The raw score will be normalized according to the course policy to count into the final score. This is a closed book, closed notes exam You need to justify every one of your answers unless you are asked not to do so Completely correct answers given without justification will receive little credit

More information

MTH 464: Computational Linear Algebra

MTH 464: Computational Linear Algebra MTH 464: Computational Linear Algebra Lecture Outlines Exam 2 Material Prof. M. Beauregard Department of Mathematics & Statistics Stephen F. Austin State University March 2, 2018 Linear Algebra (MTH 464)

More information

Math 215 HW #9 Solutions

Math 215 HW #9 Solutions Math 5 HW #9 Solutions. Problem 4.4.. If A is a 5 by 5 matrix with all a ij, then det A. Volumes or the big formula or pivots should give some upper bound on the determinant. Answer: Let v i be the ith

More information

Homework Set #8 Solutions

Homework Set #8 Solutions Exercises.2 (p. 19) Homework Set #8 Solutions Assignment: Do #6, 8, 12, 14, 2, 24, 26, 29, 0, 2, 4, 5, 6, 9, 40, 42 6. Reducing the matrix to echelon form: 1 5 2 1 R2 R2 R1 1 5 0 18 12 2 1 R R 2R1 1 5

More information

Practice Final Exam. Solutions.

Practice Final Exam. Solutions. MATH Applied Linear Algebra December 6, 8 Practice Final Exam Solutions Find the standard matrix f the linear transfmation T : R R such that T, T, T Solution: Easy to see that the transfmation T can be

More information

2018 Fall 2210Q Section 013 Midterm Exam II Solution

2018 Fall 2210Q Section 013 Midterm Exam II Solution 08 Fall 0Q Section 0 Midterm Exam II Solution True or False questions points 0 0 points) ) Let A be an n n matrix. If the equation Ax b has at least one solution for each b R n, then the solution is unique

More information

Calculating determinants for larger matrices

Calculating determinants for larger matrices Day 26 Calculating determinants for larger matrices We now proceed to define det A for n n matrices A As before, we are looking for a function of A that satisfies the product formula det(ab) = det A det

More information

Math Final December 2006 C. Robinson

Math Final December 2006 C. Robinson Math 285-1 Final December 2006 C. Robinson 2 5 8 5 1 2 0-1 0 1. (21 Points) The matrix A = 1 2 2 3 1 8 3 2 6 has the reduced echelon form U = 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 1. 2 6 1 0 0 0 0 0 a. Find a basis for the

More information

1. Let A = (a) 2 (b) 3 (c) 0 (d) 4 (e) 1

1. Let A = (a) 2 (b) 3 (c) 0 (d) 4 (e) 1 . Let A =. The rank of A is (a) (b) (c) (d) (e). Let P = {a +a t+a t } where {a,a,a } range over all real numbers, and let T : P P be a linear transformation dedifined by T (a + a t + a t )=a +9a t If

More information

Therefore, A and B have the same characteristic polynomial and hence, the same eigenvalues.

Therefore, A and B have the same characteristic polynomial and hence, the same eigenvalues. Similar Matrices and Diagonalization Page 1 Theorem If A and B are n n matrices, which are similar, then they have the same characteristic equation and hence the same eigenvalues. Proof Let A and B be

More information

Problems for M 10/26:

Problems for M 10/26: Math, Lesieutre Problem set # November 4, 25 Problems for M /26: 5 Is λ 2 an eigenvalue of 2? 8 Why or why not? 2 A 2I The determinant is, which means that A 2I has 6 a nullspace, and so there is an eigenvector

More information

Miderm II Solutions To find the inverse we row-reduce the augumented matrix [I A]. In our case, we row reduce

Miderm II Solutions To find the inverse we row-reduce the augumented matrix [I A]. In our case, we row reduce Miderm II Solutions Problem. [8 points] (i) [4] Find the inverse of the matrix A = To find the inverse we row-reduce the augumented matrix [I A]. In our case, we row reduce We have A = 2 2 (ii) [2] Possibly

More information

Announcements Monday, October 29

Announcements Monday, October 29 Announcements Monday, October 29 WeBWorK on determinents due on Wednesday at :59pm. The quiz on Friday covers 5., 5.2, 5.3. My office is Skiles 244 and Rabinoffice hours are: Mondays, 2 pm; Wednesdays,

More information

MATH 240 Spring, Chapter 1: Linear Equations and Matrices

MATH 240 Spring, Chapter 1: Linear Equations and Matrices MATH 240 Spring, 2006 Chapter Summaries for Kolman / Hill, Elementary Linear Algebra, 8th Ed. Sections 1.1 1.6, 2.1 2.2, 3.2 3.8, 4.3 4.5, 5.1 5.3, 5.5, 6.1 6.5, 7.1 7.2, 7.4 DEFINITIONS Chapter 1: Linear

More information

Review problems for MA 54, Fall 2004.

Review problems for MA 54, Fall 2004. Review problems for MA 54, Fall 2004. Below are the review problems for the final. They are mostly homework problems, or very similar. If you are comfortable doing these problems, you should be fine on

More information

YORK UNIVERSITY. Faculty of Science Department of Mathematics and Statistics MATH M Test #1. July 11, 2013 Solutions

YORK UNIVERSITY. Faculty of Science Department of Mathematics and Statistics MATH M Test #1. July 11, 2013 Solutions YORK UNIVERSITY Faculty of Science Department of Mathematics and Statistics MATH 222 3. M Test # July, 23 Solutions. For each statement indicate whether it is always TRUE or sometimes FALSE. Note: For

More information

PRACTICE FINAL EXAM. why. If they are dependent, exhibit a linear dependence relation among them.

PRACTICE FINAL EXAM. why. If they are dependent, exhibit a linear dependence relation among them. Prof A Suciu MTH U37 LINEAR ALGEBRA Spring 2005 PRACTICE FINAL EXAM Are the following vectors independent or dependent? If they are independent, say why If they are dependent, exhibit a linear dependence

More information

MATH 2331 Linear Algebra. Section 2.1 Matrix Operations. Definition: A : m n, B : n p. Example: Compute AB, if possible.

MATH 2331 Linear Algebra. Section 2.1 Matrix Operations. Definition: A : m n, B : n p. Example: Compute AB, if possible. MATH 2331 Linear Algebra Section 2.1 Matrix Operations Definition: A : m n, B : n p ( 1 2 p ) ( 1 2 p ) AB = A b b b = Ab Ab Ab Example: Compute AB, if possible. 1 Row-column rule: i-j-th entry of AB:

More information

Solving a system by back-substitution, checking consistency of a system (no rows of the form

Solving a system by back-substitution, checking consistency of a system (no rows of the form MATH 520 LEARNING OBJECTIVES SPRING 2017 BROWN UNIVERSITY SAMUEL S. WATSON Week 1 (23 Jan through 27 Jan) Definition of a system of linear equations, definition of a solution of a linear system, elementary

More information

MATH 2360 REVIEW PROBLEMS

MATH 2360 REVIEW PROBLEMS MATH 2360 REVIEW PROBLEMS Problem 1: In (a) (d) below, either compute the matrix product or indicate why it does not exist: ( )( ) 1 2 2 1 (a) 0 1 1 2 ( ) 0 1 2 (b) 0 3 1 4 3 4 5 2 5 (c) 0 3 ) 1 4 ( 1

More information

LINEAR ALGEBRA 1, 2012-I PARTIAL EXAM 3 SOLUTIONS TO PRACTICE PROBLEMS

LINEAR ALGEBRA 1, 2012-I PARTIAL EXAM 3 SOLUTIONS TO PRACTICE PROBLEMS LINEAR ALGEBRA, -I PARTIAL EXAM SOLUTIONS TO PRACTICE PROBLEMS Problem (a) For each of the two matrices below, (i) determine whether it is diagonalizable, (ii) determine whether it is orthogonally diagonalizable,

More information

Linear Algebra: Sample Questions for Exam 2

Linear Algebra: Sample Questions for Exam 2 Linear Algebra: Sample Questions for Exam 2 Instructions: This is not a comprehensive review: there are concepts you need to know that are not included. Be sure you study all the sections of the book and

More information

Announcements Wednesday, November 01

Announcements Wednesday, November 01 Announcements Wednesday, November 01 WeBWorK 3.1, 3.2 are due today at 11:59pm. The quiz on Friday covers 3.1, 3.2. My office is Skiles 244. Rabinoffice hours are Monday, 1 3pm and Tuesday, 9 11am. Section

More information

Math 1553, Introduction to Linear Algebra

Math 1553, Introduction to Linear Algebra Learning goals articulate what students are expected to be able to do in a course that can be measured. This course has course-level learning goals that pertain to the entire course, and section-level

More information

and let s calculate the image of some vectors under the transformation T.

and let s calculate the image of some vectors under the transformation T. Chapter 5 Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors 5. Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors Let T : R n R n be a linear transformation. Then T can be represented by a matrix (the standard matrix), and we can write T ( v) =

More information

Final EXAM Preparation Sheet

Final EXAM Preparation Sheet Final EXAM Preparation Sheet M369 Fall 217 1 Key concepts The following list contains the main concepts and ideas that we have explored this semester. For each concept, make sure that you remember about

More information

PRACTICE PROBLEMS FOR THE FINAL

PRACTICE PROBLEMS FOR THE FINAL PRACTICE PROBLEMS FOR THE FINAL Here are a slew of practice problems for the final culled from old exams:. Let P be the vector space of polynomials of degree at most. Let B = {, (t ), t + t }. (a) Show

More information

Math 308 Final, Autumn 2017

Math 308 Final, Autumn 2017 Math 308 Final, Autumn 2017 Name: ID#: Signature: All work on this exam is my own. Instructions. You are allowed a calculator and notesheet (handwritten, two-sided). Hand in your notesheet with your exam.

More information

1. Select the unique answer (choice) for each problem. Write only the answer.

1. Select the unique answer (choice) for each problem. Write only the answer. MATH 5 Practice Problem Set Spring 7. Select the unique answer (choice) for each problem. Write only the answer. () Determine all the values of a for which the system has infinitely many solutions: x +

More information

MATH 2210Q MIDTERM EXAM I PRACTICE PROBLEMS

MATH 2210Q MIDTERM EXAM I PRACTICE PROBLEMS MATH Q MIDTERM EXAM I PRACTICE PROBLEMS Date and place: Thursday, November, 8, in-class exam Section : : :5pm at MONT Section : 9: :5pm at MONT 5 Material: Sections,, 7 Lecture 9 8, Quiz, Worksheet 9 8,

More information

MATH 221, Spring Homework 10 Solutions

MATH 221, Spring Homework 10 Solutions MATH 22, Spring 28 - Homework Solutions Due Tuesday, May Section 52 Page 279, Problem 2: 4 λ A λi = and the characteristic polynomial is det(a λi) = ( 4 λ)( λ) ( )(6) = λ 6 λ 2 +λ+2 The solutions to the

More information

Math 520 Exam 2 Topic Outline Sections 1 3 (Xiao/Dumas/Liaw) Spring 2008

Math 520 Exam 2 Topic Outline Sections 1 3 (Xiao/Dumas/Liaw) Spring 2008 Math 520 Exam 2 Topic Outline Sections 1 3 (Xiao/Dumas/Liaw) Spring 2008 Exam 2 will be held on Tuesday, April 8, 7-8pm in 117 MacMillan What will be covered The exam will cover material from the lectures

More information

DIAGONALIZATION. In order to see the implications of this definition, let us consider the following example Example 1. Consider the matrix

DIAGONALIZATION. In order to see the implications of this definition, let us consider the following example Example 1. Consider the matrix DIAGONALIZATION Definition We say that a matrix A of size n n is diagonalizable if there is a basis of R n consisting of eigenvectors of A ie if there are n linearly independent vectors v v n such that

More information

ANSWERS. E k E 2 E 1 A = B

ANSWERS. E k E 2 E 1 A = B MATH 7- Final Exam Spring ANSWERS Essay Questions points Define an Elementary Matrix Display the fundamental matrix multiply equation which summarizes a sequence of swap, combination and multiply operations,

More information

Linear Algebra Primer

Linear Algebra Primer Linear Algebra Primer David Doria daviddoria@gmail.com Wednesday 3 rd December, 2008 Contents Why is it called Linear Algebra? 4 2 What is a Matrix? 4 2. Input and Output.....................................

More information

Cheat Sheet for MATH461

Cheat Sheet for MATH461 Cheat Sheet for MATH46 Here is the stuff you really need to remember for the exams Linear systems Ax = b Problem: We consider a linear system of m equations for n unknowns x,,x n : For a given matrix A

More information

(Practice)Exam in Linear Algebra

(Practice)Exam in Linear Algebra (Practice)Exam in Linear Algebra May 016 First Year at The Faculties of Engineering and Science and of Health This test has 10 pages and 16 multiple-choice problems. In two-sided print. It is allowed to

More information

Math Linear Algebra Final Exam Review Sheet

Math Linear Algebra Final Exam Review Sheet Math 15-1 Linear Algebra Final Exam Review Sheet Vector Operations Vector addition is a component-wise operation. Two vectors v and w may be added together as long as they contain the same number n of

More information

Announcements Wednesday, November 01

Announcements Wednesday, November 01 Announcements Wednesday, November 01 WeBWorK 3.1, 3.2 are due today at 11:59pm. The quiz on Friday covers 3.1, 3.2. My office is Skiles 244. Rabinoffice hours are Monday, 1 3pm and Tuesday, 9 11am. Section

More information

Section 6.4. The Gram Schmidt Process

Section 6.4. The Gram Schmidt Process Section 6.4 The Gram Schmidt Process Motivation The procedures in 6 start with an orthogonal basis {u, u,..., u m}. Find the B-coordinates of a vector x using dot products: x = m i= x u i u i u i u i Find

More information

Linear Algebra Practice Final

Linear Algebra Practice Final . Let (a) First, Linear Algebra Practice Final Summer 3 3 A = 5 3 3 rref([a ) = 5 so if we let x 5 = t, then x 4 = t, x 3 =, x = t, and x = t, so that t t x = t = t t whence ker A = span(,,,, ) and a basis

More information

MATH 304 Linear Algebra Lecture 34: Review for Test 2.

MATH 304 Linear Algebra Lecture 34: Review for Test 2. MATH 304 Linear Algebra Lecture 34: Review for Test 2. Topics for Test 2 Linear transformations (Leon 4.1 4.3) Matrix transformations Matrix of a linear mapping Similar matrices Orthogonality (Leon 5.1

More information

MATH 1553 PRACTICE FINAL EXAMINATION

MATH 1553 PRACTICE FINAL EXAMINATION MATH 553 PRACTICE FINAL EXAMINATION Name Section 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 Total Please read all instructions carefully before beginning. The final exam is cumulative, covering all sections and topics on the master

More information

Question 7. Consider a linear system A x = b with 4 unknown. x = [x 1, x 2, x 3, x 4 ] T. The augmented

Question 7. Consider a linear system A x = b with 4 unknown. x = [x 1, x 2, x 3, x 4 ] T. The augmented Question. How many solutions does x 6 = 4 + i have Practice Problems 6 d) 5 Question. Which of the following is a cubed root of the complex number i. 6 e i arctan() e i(arctan() π) e i(arctan() π)/3 6

More information

No books, no notes, no calculators. You must show work, unless the question is a true/false, yes/no, or fill-in-the-blank question.

No books, no notes, no calculators. You must show work, unless the question is a true/false, yes/no, or fill-in-the-blank question. Math 304 Final Exam (May 8) Spring 206 No books, no notes, no calculators. You must show work, unless the question is a true/false, yes/no, or fill-in-the-blank question. Name: Section: Question Points

More information

Quizzes for Math 304

Quizzes for Math 304 Quizzes for Math 304 QUIZ. A system of linear equations has augmented matrix 2 4 4 A = 2 0 2 4 3 5 2 a) Write down this system of equations; b) Find the reduced row-echelon form of A; c) What are the pivot

More information

(a) only (ii) and (iv) (b) only (ii) and (iii) (c) only (i) and (ii) (d) only (iv) (e) only (i) and (iii)

(a) only (ii) and (iv) (b) only (ii) and (iii) (c) only (i) and (ii) (d) only (iv) (e) only (i) and (iii) . Which of the following are Vector Spaces? (i) V = { polynomials of the form q(t) = t 3 + at 2 + bt + c : a b c are real numbers} (ii) V = {at { 2 + b : a b are real numbers} } a (iii) V = : a 0 b is

More information

Eigenspaces. (c) Find the algebraic multiplicity and the geometric multiplicity for the eigenvaules of A.

Eigenspaces. (c) Find the algebraic multiplicity and the geometric multiplicity for the eigenvaules of A. Eigenspaces 1. (a) Find all eigenvalues and eigenvectors of A = (b) Find the corresponding eigenspaces. [ ] 1 1 1 Definition. If A is an n n matrix and λ is a scalar, the λ-eigenspace of A (usually denoted

More information

Diagonalization. MATH 322, Linear Algebra I. J. Robert Buchanan. Spring Department of Mathematics

Diagonalization. MATH 322, Linear Algebra I. J. Robert Buchanan. Spring Department of Mathematics Diagonalization MATH 322, Linear Algebra I J. Robert Buchanan Department of Mathematics Spring 2015 Motivation Today we consider two fundamental questions: Given an n n matrix A, does there exist a basis

More information

1. Let m 1 and n 1 be two natural numbers such that m > n. Which of the following is/are true?

1. Let m 1 and n 1 be two natural numbers such that m > n. Which of the following is/are true? . Let m and n be two natural numbers such that m > n. Which of the following is/are true? (i) A linear system of m equations in n variables is always consistent. (ii) A linear system of n equations in

More information

Determinants by Cofactor Expansion (III)

Determinants by Cofactor Expansion (III) Determinants by Cofactor Expansion (III) Comment: (Reminder) If A is an n n matrix, then the determinant of A can be computed as a cofactor expansion along the jth column det(a) = a1j C1j + a2j C2j +...

More information

Mathematical Methods for Engineers 1 (AMS10/10A)

Mathematical Methods for Engineers 1 (AMS10/10A) Mathematical Methods for Engineers 1 (AMS10/10A) Quiz 5 - Friday May 27th (2016) 2:00-3:10 PM AMS 10 AMS 10A Name: Student ID: Multiple Choice Questions (3 points each; only one correct answer per question)

More information

MATH 31 - ADDITIONAL PRACTICE PROBLEMS FOR FINAL

MATH 31 - ADDITIONAL PRACTICE PROBLEMS FOR FINAL MATH 3 - ADDITIONAL PRACTICE PROBLEMS FOR FINAL MAIN TOPICS FOR THE FINAL EXAM:. Vectors. Dot product. Cross product. Geometric applications. 2. Row reduction. Null space, column space, row space, left

More information

What is on this week. 1 Vector spaces (continued) 1.1 Null space and Column Space of a matrix

What is on this week. 1 Vector spaces (continued) 1.1 Null space and Column Space of a matrix Professor Joana Amorim, jamorim@bu.edu What is on this week Vector spaces (continued). Null space and Column Space of a matrix............................. Null Space...........................................2

More information

Linear algebra II Tutorial solutions #1 A = x 1

Linear algebra II Tutorial solutions #1 A = x 1 Linear algebra II Tutorial solutions #. Find the eigenvalues and the eigenvectors of the matrix [ ] 5 2 A =. 4 3 Since tra = 8 and deta = 5 8 = 7, the characteristic polynomial is f(λ) = λ 2 (tra)λ+deta

More information

MATH 1120 (LINEAR ALGEBRA 1), FINAL EXAM FALL 2011 SOLUTIONS TO PRACTICE VERSION

MATH 1120 (LINEAR ALGEBRA 1), FINAL EXAM FALL 2011 SOLUTIONS TO PRACTICE VERSION MATH (LINEAR ALGEBRA ) FINAL EXAM FALL SOLUTIONS TO PRACTICE VERSION Problem (a) For each matrix below (i) find a basis for its column space (ii) find a basis for its row space (iii) determine whether

More information

MATH 15a: Linear Algebra Practice Exam 2

MATH 15a: Linear Algebra Practice Exam 2 MATH 5a: Linear Algebra Practice Exam 2 Write all answers in your exam booklet. Remember that you must show all work and justify your answers for credit. No calculators are allowed. Good luck!. Compute

More information

c c c c c c c c c c a 3x3 matrix C= has a determinant determined by

c c c c c c c c c c a 3x3 matrix C= has a determinant determined by Linear Algebra Determinants and Eigenvalues Introduction: Many important geometric and algebraic properties of square matrices are associated with a single real number revealed by what s known as the determinant.

More information

1. General Vector Spaces

1. General Vector Spaces 1.1. Vector space axioms. 1. General Vector Spaces Definition 1.1. Let V be a nonempty set of objects on which the operations of addition and scalar multiplication are defined. By addition we mean a rule

More information

5.3.5 The eigenvalues are 3, 2, 3 (i.e., the diagonal entries of D) with corresponding eigenvalues. Null(A 3I) = Null( ), 0 0

5.3.5 The eigenvalues are 3, 2, 3 (i.e., the diagonal entries of D) with corresponding eigenvalues. Null(A 3I) = Null( ), 0 0 535 The eigenvalues are 3,, 3 (ie, the diagonal entries of D) with corresponding eigenvalues,, 538 The matrix is upper triangular so the eigenvalues are simply the diagonal entries, namely 3, 3 The corresponding

More information

Math 18.6, Spring 213 Problem Set #6 April 5, 213 Problem 1 ( 5.2, 4). Identify all the nonzero terms in the big formula for the determinants of the following matrices: 1 1 1 2 A = 1 1 1 1 1 1, B = 3 4

More information

1. What is the determinant of the following matrix? a 1 a 2 4a 3 2a 2 b 1 b 2 4b 3 2b c 1. = 4, then det

1. What is the determinant of the following matrix? a 1 a 2 4a 3 2a 2 b 1 b 2 4b 3 2b c 1. = 4, then det What is the determinant of the following matrix? 3 4 3 4 3 4 4 3 A 0 B 8 C 55 D 0 E 60 If det a a a 3 b b b 3 c c c 3 = 4, then det a a 4a 3 a b b 4b 3 b c c c 3 c = A 8 B 6 C 4 D E 3 Let A be an n n matrix

More information

1. In this problem, if the statement is always true, circle T; otherwise, circle F.

1. In this problem, if the statement is always true, circle T; otherwise, circle F. Math 1553, Extra Practice for Midterm 3 (sections 45-65) Solutions 1 In this problem, if the statement is always true, circle T; otherwise, circle F a) T F If A is a square matrix and the homogeneous equation

More information

University of Toronto Solutions to MAT188H1F TERM TEST of Tuesday, October 30, 2012 Duration: 100 minutes

University of Toronto Solutions to MAT188H1F TERM TEST of Tuesday, October 30, 2012 Duration: 100 minutes University of Toronto Solutions to MAT88HF TERM TEST of Tuesday, October 3, Duration: minutes Only aids permitted: Casio 6, Sharp 5, or Texas Instrument 3 calculator. Instructions: Make sure this test

More information