Principles of Convective Heat Transfer


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1 Massoud Kaviany Principles of Convective Heat Transfer Second Edition With 378 Figures Springer
2 Contents Series Preface Preface to the Second Edition Preface to the First Edition Acknowledgments vii ix xi xix 1 Introduction and Preliminaries Applications and Length Scales Historical Background Scope Transport at Elementary Differential Level Intramedium and Interfacial Heat Transfer Phase Change and Reaction Multidimensionality, Asymptotics, and Similarity Three Phases of Matter and Their Thermophysical Properties Gas, Liquid, and Solid Phases Equilibrium Molecular Theory Nonequilibrium Molecular Theory Bulk Versus Surface State Phase Transitions in Single and Multicomponent Systems SingleComponent Systems Multicomponent Systems Multiphase Flows and Phase Distributions TwoPhase Flows ThreePhase Flows Heat Flux Vector and Conservation Equations Heat Flux Vector Conservation Equations for Elementary Volumes Temporal and Spatial Averaging Averaging over Representative Elementary Scales Averaging over Finite Scales Local Thermal Equilibrium Among Phases Approximation and Modeling in the Analysis of Convective Heat Transfer Rigor, Approximation, and Empiricism 52
3 xxii Table of Contents Modeling of Medium Heterogeneity Modeling of Local Thermal Nonequilibrium Modeling of Multidimensional Fields Single, Two, and ThreeMedium Treatments Fluid Motion Caused or Influenced by Heat Transfer Thermo and Diffusobuoyancy Thermoacoustics Thermo and Diffusocapillarity Changes in Other Thermophysical Properties References 73 Part I: SingleMedium Treatments 83 2 SinglePhase Fluid Streams Intraphase Heat Transfer Compressibility ShockWaves Attenuation of Thermoconvective Waves Reacting Flows Chemical Kinetics Premixed Reactants Diffusing Reactants Turbulence TimeAveraged Conservation Equations Modeling of Eddy Viscosity and Diffusivity BoundaryFree Turbulent Flows Volumetric Radiation Radiation Properties Ill Evaluation of Radiative Intensity Electro and Magnetohydrodynamics Electrohydrodynamics Magnetohydrodynamics Plasmas Buoyancy Thermobuoyant Flows Thermobuoyancy Influenced Flows References Fluid Streams in TwoPhase Systems Local Thermal Equilibrium and Intramedium Heat Transfer Continuous SolidFluid Systems with Stationary Solid Taylor Dispersion Local Volume Averaging Effective Medium Properties VolumeAveraged Treatment of Hydrodynamics
4 Table of Contents xxiii Radiation Exothermic Reaction Phase Change in Multicomponent Systems TwoPhase Systems with Both Phases Moving Time and Local PhaseVolume Averaging TwoMedium Treatment of Hydrodynamics A Simplified Energy Equation for Dispersed Flows Effective Medium Properties for Dispersed Flows Exothermic Reaction References 175 Part II: TwoMedium Treatments Solid Fluid Systems with Simple, Continuous Interface SurfaceConvection Heat Transfer Effect of Viscosity Zero Viscosity Nonzero Viscosity Oscillation Interfacial Heat Transfer in Flow Over a Plate Axial Dispersion in Flow Through a Tube Turbulence BoundaryLayer Turbulence FreeStream Turbulence Channel Flow Turbulence Surface Roughness Isolated Roughness and Embedded Vortex Distributed Roughness Compressibility Thermoacoustic Phenomena Due to Standing Waves Thermoacoustical Diffusion HighSpeed BoundaryLayer Flows Rarefaction Flow Regimes for Isothermal Flows Nonisothermal Flows NonNewtonian Liquids Rheology Interfacial Heat Transfer Viscous Dissipation Surface Injection Spatially Discrete Injections Spatially Continuous Injections Heat Transfer in Porous Surface Inserts Impinging Jets Isolated Jets Without Cross Flow 242
5 xxiv Table of Contents Isolated Jets with Cross Flow Multiple, Interacting Jets Reacting Flows Spread of a BoundaryLayer Diffusion Flame A Steady BoundaryLayer Diffusion Flame Premixed Flame in a Channel Premixed Flame in Jet Impingement Direct Inclusion of Radiation Buoyancy Thermobuoyant Flows Without Reaction Thermobuoyant Flows with Reaction Thermo and Diffusobuoyancy ThermobuoyancyInfluenced Flows Electro and Magnetohydrodynamics Electrohydrodynamics Magnetohydrodynamics Plasmas Particle Suspension Internal Flow of Small Neutral Particles Large Charged Particles ' Porous Media Local Thermal Equilibrium BoundaryLayer Flow and Heat Transfer Forced Flow Thermobuoyant Flow Multicomponent Solidification Descriptions of Mushy Region Instabilities in Liquid and Mushy Regions Thermo and Diffusobuoyant Motion in Enclosures References SolidFluid Systems with Large Specific Interfacial Area Isolated DispersedPhase Elements Flow Regimes Interfacial Heat Transfer Convective Interaction Among Dispersed Elements Dilute Element Concentration Dense Element Concentration Treatment of Solid Phase as a Continuum Porous Media Local PhaseVolume Averaging Example of Capillary Tubes Approximate Models Exothermic Reaction 380
6 Table of Contents xxv Pointwise Versus VolumeAveraged Treatments Particulate Flows A Generalization of Forces on a Moving Particle CollisionIncluded Model of Hydrodynamics CollisionIncluded Model of Energy Transport Models for Reacting Particles Rarefied PlasmaParticle Flow References FluidFluid Systems LiquidLiquid Systems Vapor Nucleation at the LiquidLiquid Interface Isolated DispersedLiquid Elements Continuous and DispersedPhase Energy Equations GasLiquid Systems Continuous Interface Bulk Bubble and Droplet Nucleation Isolated, DispersedPhase Elements ^Bubbles Growth or Decay of Isolated Bubbles Interbubble Interactions Bubble and LiquidPhase Conservation Equations Droplets Growth or Decay of Isolated Droplets Interdroplet Interactions Droplet and GasPhase Conservation Equations GasGas Systems References 482 Part III: ThreeMedium Treatments SolidSolidFluid Systems Particulate Flow Around Solid Surfaces Hydrodynamics of Internal Particulate Flow Dilute, Internal Particulate Flow Dense, Internal Particulate Flow Surfaces Submerged in Internal Particulate Flow Bounding Solid Surfaces of Fluidized Beds Hydrodynamics Confining Surfaces Submerged Surfaces Phase Change Layer Growth in SingleComponent Solidification Suspension Dendritic Growth Layer Melting 557
7 xxvi Table of Contents Layer Frost Growth and Densification References SolidLiquidGas Systems Vapor Films PhaseDensity Buoyant Flow BuoyantForced Flow Dispersed Droplets Liquid Films Negatively Buoyant, Nonwavy Film Flow Negatively Buoyant, WavyFilm Flow Nonisothermal Common and Interline Contact Angles Nonisothermal, Moving Contact Line Evaporation from Extended Menisci Kinetic Upper Bound on the Evaporation/Condensation Rate Surface Bubble Formation and Dynamics Incipient Surface Bubble Nucleation IsolatedBubbles Regim^ CoalescedBubbles Regime Surface Droplet Formation and Dynamics Incipient Surface Droplet Nucleation IsolatedDroplet Regime Coalescence and Transition to LiquidFilm Flow Impinging Droplets IsolatedDroplet Dynamics and Evaporation Droplet Spray and Evaporation Regimes Dryout in SurfaceBubble Nucleation Regime References 666 Nomenclature 675 Citation Index 681 Subject Index 693
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