Section 7.1 Integration by Substitution


 Robyn Jacobs
 1 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 Section 7. Integrtion by Substitution Evlute ech of the following integrls. Keep in mind tht using substitution my not work on some problems. For one of the definite integrls, it is not possible to find n ntiderivtive using ny method. Once you hve figured out which one this is, either use your clcultor to evlute it or pproximte it using n = 4 rectngles sinxcos xdx xsin (x 2 + 5)dx e /x x 2 dx tnxdx x 3 x 2 dx e x e x + dx + 4x 2 dx xln x dx e x2 dx 0. x 2 x dx Generl Rules for Substitution. In most cses, you will wnt to choose w so tht dw is sitting somewhere else in your integrnd. 2. It is often helpful to choose w to the be the inside of some other function. CAUTION: In order for the substitution rule to work properly, you must remember to write down your dx s, dw s, etc., in your integrls.
2 Recll the Product Rule for differentition: d dx [u(x)v(x)] = Section 7.2 Integrtion by Prts Integrtion by Prts Formul. Exmples:. xcosxdx
3 2. xlnxdx Notes on Integrtion by Prts:. u nd v together must give the entire integrnd; tht is, the entire function you re integrting. 2. If possible, we choose u nd v so tht the integrl uv dx cn be evluted directly. Otherwise, we try to choose u nd dv so tht uv dx is simpler thn the integrl we strted with. 3. Generl Rule. Choose v to be the lrgest portion of the originl integrl tht you cn find n ntiderivtive for. This rule won t lwys work, but will help guide you to good choice in mny cses. Exercises Evlute ech of the following integrls.. xe x dx 2. x 2 e 2x dx 3. e lnxdx x 5 e x3 dx rcsinxdx e x sinxdx
4 Section 7.3 Tbles of Integrls Exmple. By competing the squre nd substituting, evlute x 2 + 2x + 6 dx. Exmple 2. Evlute ech of the following, using integrl tbles s pproprite. () 4x2 9 dx (b) x 2 sin xdx
5 Exmple 3. Clculte sin 3 xdx. Exmple 4. Clculte cos 5 xsin 2 xdx. Exmple 5. Clculte sin 2 xdx.
6 Integrting Powers of Sine nd Cosine: cos m xsin n xdx Cse. If m is odd, stel power from cosx nd let u = sin x. Cse 2. If n is odd, stel power from sinx nd let u = cosx. Cse 3. If both m nd n re even, you will need to use the identity sin 2 x = 2 ( cos(2x)) nd/or the identity cos 2 x = 2 ( + cos(2x)). Exmples nd Exercises. Evlute ech of the following, using integrl tbles where pproprite. () cos 3 (4x)dx (b) e 5x sin(3x)dx (c) e x + 2e x dx
7 (d) 6x x2 dx (e) 3x 3 + x x + 3 x 2 dx + 9 (f) cos 9 xsin 3 xdx
8 Exmple. Clculte Section 7.4 Algebric Identities 2 (x )(x + ) dx. Exmple 2. For ech of the following, find the form of the prtil frctions decomposition. Do NOT solve for the constnts. () 0 x 2 x 6 (b) 3 2x (x 2 6x + 9)(x 2 + ) (c) 5x 3 2 (x 5 x 3 )(x 2 + 4) 2
9 Informtion on Prtil Frctions Prtil Frctions for Integrting Rtionl Functions. where P(x) nd Q(x) re polynomils. P(x) Q(x) dx, Cse. P(x) hs lower degree thn Q(x). In this cse, formulte your prtil frctions decomposition s suggested below. Type of Fctor in Q(x) Corresponding Term(s) in Prtil Frction Decomposition A Liner: x c x c Repeted Liner: (x c) n A x c + A 2 (x c) A n (x c) n Irreducible Ax + B Qudrtic: q(x) q(x) Repeted Irreducible Qudrtic: q(x) n A x + B + A 2x + B 2 q(x) q(x) A kx + B k q(x) n Cse 2. P(x) hs equl or greter degree thn Q(x). In this cse, long division must be used first, nd then Cse must be pplied to the reminder term. Exercises. Clculte ech of the following: () (b) 2x 2 + 4x 9 x 3 dx + 9x 4x 2 7x + x(2x ) 2 dx
10 Section 7.7 & 7.8 Improper Integrls Preliminry Exmple. To the right, you re given the grphs of y = /x 2 nd y = /x. Clculte the improper integrls x dx. dx nd x2 Figure. Grph of y = /x 2 Figure 2. Grph of y = /x Types of Improper Integrls Improper Integrl Definition Picture f(x)dx = b f(x)dx = b
11 Improper Integrl Definition Picture f(x)dx = b f(x)dx = b b f(x)dx = b b f(x)dx = c b Definition. We sy tht n improper integrl if ll of the defining limits exist nd re finite. If ny of the involved limits is infinite or does not exist, we sy tht the improper integrl. Comprison Theorem. Suppose tht f nd g re continuous functions with f(x) g(x) 0 for x.. If is convergent, then is convergent. 2. If is divergent, then is divergent. g(x) f(x)
12 Exmple. Consider the integrl 3 x 4 dx. () Explin why the bove integrl is improper. (b) Determine whether or not this integrl converges. If it does converge, find its vlue. Exmple 2. Determine whether or not 0 xlnxdx converges. If it does converge, find its vlue.
13 Exmples nd Exercises. Determine whether or not lnx dx converges. If it does converge, find its vlue. x2 Theorem. Let k be positive rel number. Then (I) The integrl dx converges if p > but diverges if p. xp (II) The integrl k k dx converges if m > 0 but diverges if m 0. emx 2. Use the Comprison Theorem to determine whether or not the integrl x 4 dx converges Use the Comprison Theorem to nswer ech of the following questions. () Does (b) Does (c) Does 2 2 x dx converge or diverge? dx converge or diverge? x + x6 e x2 dx converge or diverge? 4. Is the solution to the problem below correct or incorrect? Explin. Problem. Determine whether dx converges or diverges. x + Solution. Since for ll x, the denomintor of x. This mens tht Therefore, since lso diverge by the Comprison Theorem. x + x for ll x. x + is bigger thn the denomintor of x dx diverges by fct (i) from the previous pge, 2 x + dx must
Antiderivatives/Indefinite Integrals of Basic Functions
Antiderivtives/Indefinite Integrls of Bsic Functions Power Rule: In prticulr, this mens tht x n+ x n n + + C, dx = ln x + C, if n if n = x 0 dx = dx = dx = x + C nd x (lthough you won t use the second
More informationThe Product Rule state that if f and g are differentiable functions, then
Chpter 6 Techniques of Integrtion 6. Integrtion by Prts Every differentition rule hs corresponding integrtion rule. For instnce, the Substitution Rule for integrtion corresponds to the Chin Rule for differentition.
More informationMath& 152 Section Integration by Parts
Mth& 5 Section 7.  Integrtion by Prts Integrtion by prts is rule tht trnsforms the integrl of the product of two functions into other (idelly simpler) integrls. Recll from Clculus I tht given two differentible
More informationMath 113 Exam 2 Practice
Mth Em Prctice Februry, 8 Em will cover sections 6.5, 7.7.5 nd 7.8. This sheet hs three sections. The first section will remind you bout techniques nd formuls tht you should know. The second gives number
More informationChapter 7 Notes, Stewart 8e. 7.1 Integration by Parts Trigonometric Integrals Evaluating sin m x cos n (x) dx...
Contents 7.1 Integrtion by Prts................................... 2 7.2 Trigonometric Integrls.................................. 8 7.2.1 Evluting sin m x cos n (x)......................... 8 7.2.2 Evluting
More informationImproper Integrals. Type I Improper Integrals How do we evaluate an integral such as
Improper Integrls Two different types of integrls cn qulify s improper. The first type of improper integrl (which we will refer to s Type I) involves evluting n integrl over n infinite region. In the grph
More informationMath 3B Final Review
Mth 3B Finl Review Written by Victori Kl vtkl@mth.ucsb.edu SH 6432u Office Hours: R 9:4510:45m SH 1607 Mth Lb Hours: TR 12pm Lst updted: 12/06/14 This is continution of the midterm review. Prctice problems
More informationf(x) dx, If one of these two conditions is not met, we call the integral improper. Our usual definition for the value for the definite integral
Improper Integrls Every time tht we hve evluted definite integrl such s f(x) dx, we hve mde two implicit ssumptions bout the integrl:. The intervl [, b] is finite, nd. f(x) is continuous on [, b]. If one
More informationHow can we approximate the area of a region in the plane? What is an interpretation of the area under the graph of a velocity function?
Mth 125 Summry Here re some thoughts I ws hving while considering wht to put on the first midterm. The core of your studying should be the ssigned homework problems: mke sure you relly understnd those
More informationIf deg(num) deg(denom), then we should use longdivision of polynomials to rewrite: p(x) = s(x) + r(x) q(x), q(x)
Mth 50 The method of prtil frction decomposition (PFD is used to integrte some rtionl functions of the form p(x, where p/q is in lowest terms nd deg(num < deg(denom. q(x If deg(num deg(denom, then we should
More informationIf u = g(x) is a differentiable function whose range is an interval I and f is continuous on I, then f(g(x))g (x) dx = f(u) du
Integrtion by Substitution: The Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus demonstrted the importnce of being ble to find ntiderivtives. We now introduce some methods for finding ntiderivtives: If u = g(x) is differentible
More informationChapter 6 Techniques of Integration
MA Techniques of Integrtion Asst.Prof.Dr.Suprnee Liswdi Chpter 6 Techniques of Integrtion Recll: Some importnt integrls tht we hve lernt so fr. Tle of Integrls n+ n d = + C n + e d = e + C ( n ) d = ln
More informationMA Exam 2 Study Guide, Fall u n du (or the integral of linear combinations
LESSON 0 Chpter 7.2 Trigonometric Integrls. Bsic trig integrls you should know. sin = cos + C cos = sin + C sec 2 = tn + C sec tn = sec + C csc 2 = cot + C csc cot = csc + C MA 6200 Em 2 Study Guide, Fll
More informationSections 5.2: The Definite Integral
Sections 5.2: The Definite Integrl In this section we shll formlize the ides from the lst section to functions in generl. We strt with forml definition.. The Definite Integrl Definition.. Suppose f(x)
More information. Doubleangle formulas. Your answer should involve trig functions of θ, and not of 2θ. sin 2 (θ) =
Review of some needed Trig. Identities for Integrtion. Your nswers should be n ngle in RADIANS. rccos( 1 ) = π rccos(  1 ) = 2π 2 3 2 3 rcsin( 1 ) = π rcsin(  1 ) = π 2 6 2 6 Cn you do similr problems?
More information1 The Riemann Integral
The Riemnn Integrl. An exmple leding to the notion of integrl (res) We know how to find (i.e. define) the re of rectngle (bse height), tringle ( (sum of res of tringles). But how do we find/define n re
More informationCalculus II: Integrations and Series
Clculus II: Integrtions nd Series August 7, 200 Integrls Suppose we hve generl function y = f(x) For simplicity, let f(x) > 0 nd f(x) continuous Denote F (x) = re under the grph of f in the intervl [,x]
More informationPolynomials and Division Theory
Higher Checklist (Unit ) Higher Checklist (Unit ) Polynomils nd Division Theory Skill Achieved? Know tht polynomil (expression) is of the form: n x + n x n + n x n + + n x + x + 0 where the i R re the
More informationACCESS TO SCIENCE, ENGINEERING AND AGRICULTURE: MATHEMATICS 1 MATH00030 SEMESTER /2019
ACCESS TO SCIENCE, ENGINEERING AND AGRICULTURE: MATHEMATICS MATH00030 SEMESTER 208/209 DR. ANTHONY BROWN 7.. Introduction to Integrtion. 7. Integrl Clculus As ws the cse with the chpter on differentil
More information13.4. Integration by Parts. Introduction. Prerequisites. Learning Outcomes
Integrtion by Prts 13.4 Introduction Integrtion by Prts is technique for integrting products of functions. In this Section you will lern to recognise when it is pproprite to use the technique nd hve the
More information. Doubleangle formulas. Your answer should involve trig functions of θ, and not of 2θ. cos(2θ) = sin(2θ) =.
Review of some needed Trig Identities for Integrtion Your nswers should be n ngle in RADIANS rccos( 1 2 ) = rccos(  1 2 ) = rcsin( 1 2 ) = rcsin(  1 2 ) = Cn you do similr problems? Review of Bsic Concepts
More informationImproper Integrals. MATH 211, Calculus II. J. Robert Buchanan. Spring Department of Mathematics
Improper Integrls MATH 2, Clculus II J. Robert Buchnn Deprtment of Mthemtics Spring 28 Definite Integrls Theorem (Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus (Prt I)) If f is continuous on [, b] then b f (x) dx = [F(x)]
More informationMath 107H Topics for the first exam. csc 2 x dx = cot x + C csc x cotx dx = csc x + C tan x dx = ln secx + C cot x dx = ln sinx + C e x dx = e x + C
Integrtion Mth 07H Topics for the first exm Bsic list: x n dx = xn+ + C (provided n ) n + sin(kx) dx = cos(kx) + C k sec x dx = tnx + C sec x tnx dx = sec x + C /x dx = ln x + C cos(kx) dx = sin(kx) +
More informationThe Fundamental Theorem of Calculus. The Total Change Theorem and the Area Under a Curve.
Clculus Li Vs The Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus. The Totl Chnge Theorem nd the Are Under Curve. Recll the following fct from Clculus course. If continuous function f(x) represents the rte of chnge of F
More informationThe area under the graph of f and above the xaxis between a and b is denoted by. f(x) dx. π O
1 Section 5. The Definite Integrl Suppose tht function f is continuous nd positive over n intervl [, ]. y = f(x) x The re under the grph of f nd ove the xxis etween nd is denoted y f(x) dx nd clled the
More informationMath 118: Honours Calculus II Winter, 2005 List of Theorems. L(P, f) U(Q, f). f exists for each ǫ > 0 there exists a partition P of [a, b] such that
Mth 118: Honours Clculus II Winter, 2005 List of Theorems Lemm 5.1 (Prtition Refinement): If P nd Q re prtitions of [, b] such tht Q P, then L(P, f) L(Q, f) U(Q, f) U(P, f). Lemm 5.2 (Upper Sums Bound
More informationINTRODUCTION TO INTEGRATION
INTRODUCTION TO INTEGRATION 5.1 Ares nd Distnces Assume f(x) 0 on the intervl [, b]. Let A be the re under the grph of f(x). b We will obtin n pproximtion of A in the following three steps. STEP 1: Divide
More informationUnit #9 : Definite Integral Properties; Fundamental Theorem of Calculus
Unit #9 : Definite Integrl Properties; Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus Gols: Identify properties of definite integrls Define odd nd even functions, nd reltionship to integrl vlues Introduce the Fundmentl
More informationTechniques of Integration
Chpter 8 Techniques of Integrtion 8. Integrtion by Prts Some Exmples of Integrtion Exmple 8... Use π/4 +cos4x. cos θ = +cosθ. Exmple 8... Find secx. The ide is to multiply secx+tnx both the numertor nd
More informationMath 113 Exam 2 Practice
Mth 3 Exm Prctice Februry 8, 03 Exm will cover 7.4, 7.5, 7.7, 7.8, 8.3 nd 8.5. Plese note tht integrtion skills lerned in erlier sections will still be needed for the mteril in 7.5, 7.8 nd chpter 8. This
More informationn f(x i ) x. i=1 In section 4.2, we defined the definite integral of f from x = a to x = b as n f(x i ) x; f(x) dx = lim i=1
The Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus As we continue to study the re problem, let s think bck to wht we know bout computing res of regions enclosed by curves. If we wnt to find the re of the region below the
More informationES 111 Mathematical Methods in the Earth Sciences Lecture Outline 1  Thurs 28th Sept 17 Review of trigonometry and basic calculus
ES 111 Mthemticl Methods in the Erth Sciences Lecture Outline 1  Thurs 28th Sept 17 Review of trigonometry nd bsic clculus Trigonometry When is it useful? Everywhere! Anything involving coordinte systems
More informationThe Riemann Integral
Deprtment of Mthemtics King Sud University 20172018 Tble of contents 1 Antiderivtive Function nd Indefinite Integrls 2 3 4 5 Indefinite Integrls & Antiderivtive Function Definition Let f : I R be function
More information1 Techniques of Integration
November 8, 8 MAT86 Week Justin Ko Techniques of Integrtion. Integrtion By Substitution (Chnge of Vribles) We cn think of integrtion by substitution s the counterprt of the chin rule for differentition.
More informationIntegration Techniques
Integrtion Techniques. Integrtion of Trigonometric Functions Exmple. Evlute cos x. Recll tht cos x = cos x. Hence, cos x Exmple. Evlute = ( + cos x) = (x + sin x) + C = x + 4 sin x + C. cos 3 x. Let u
More informationSection Areas and Distances. Example 1: Suppose a car travels at a constant 50 miles per hour for 2 hours. What is the total distance traveled?
Section 5.  Ares nd Distnces Exmple : Suppose cr trvels t constnt 5 miles per hour for 2 hours. Wht is the totl distnce trveled? Exmple 2: Suppose cr trvels 75 miles per hour for the first hour, 7 miles
More informationMORE FUNCTION GRAPHING; OPTIMIZATION. (Last edited October 28, 2013 at 11:09pm.)
MORE FUNCTION GRAPHING; OPTIMIZATION FRI, OCT 25, 203 (Lst edited October 28, 203 t :09pm.) Exercise. Let n be n rbitrry positive integer. Give n exmple of function with exctly n verticl symptotes. Give
More informationChapter 8: Methods of Integration
Chpter 8: Methods of Integrtion Bsic Integrls 8. Note: We hve the following list of Bsic Integrls p p+ + c, for p sec tn + c p + ln + c sec tn sec + c e e + c tn ln sec + c ln + c sec ln sec + tn + c ln
More informationf(a+h) f(a) x a h 0. This is the rate at which
M408S Concept Inventory smple nswers These questions re openended, nd re intended to cover the min topics tht we lerned in M408S. These re not crnkoutnnswer problems! (There re plenty of those in the
More informationP 3 (x) = f(0) + f (0)x + f (0) 2. x 2 + f (0) . In the problem set, you are asked to show, in general, the n th order term is a n = f (n) (0)
1 Tylor polynomils In Section 3.5, we discussed how to pproximte function f(x) round point in terms of its first derivtive f (x) evluted t, tht is using the liner pproximtion f() + f ()(x ). We clled this
More informationMath 113 Fall Final Exam Review. 2. Applications of Integration Chapter 6 including sections and section 6.8
Mth 3 Fll 0 The scope of the finl exm will include: Finl Exm Review. Integrls Chpter 5 including sections 5. 5.7, 5.0. Applictions of Integrtion Chpter 6 including sections 6. 6.5 nd section 6.8 3. Infinite
More informationcos 3 (x) sin(x) dx 3y + 4 dy Math 1206 Calculus Sec. 5.6: Substitution and Area Between Curves
Mth 126 Clculus Sec. 5.6: Substitution nd Are Between Curves I. USubstitution for Definite Integrls A. Th m 6Substitution in Definite Integrls: If g (x) is continuous on [,b] nd f is continuous on the
More informationChapter 1: Fundamentals
Chpter 1: Fundmentls 1.1 Rel Numbers Types of Rel Numbers: Nturl Numbers: {1, 2, 3,...}; These re the counting numbers. Integers: {... 3, 2, 1, 0, 1, 2, 3,...}; These re ll the nturl numbers, their negtives,
More informationMATH , Calculus 2, Fall 2018
MATH 362, 363 Clculus 2, Fll 28 The FUNdmentl Theorem of Clculus Sections 5.4 nd 5.5 This worksheet focuses on the most importnt theorem in clculus. In fct, the Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus (FTC is rgubly
More informationSection 6.1 Definite Integral
Section 6.1 Definite Integrl Suppose we wnt to find the re of region tht is not so nicely shped. For exmple, consider the function shown elow. The re elow the curve nd ove the x xis cnnot e determined
More informationx = b a n x 2 e x dx. cdx = c(b a), where c is any constant. a b
CHAPTER 5. INTEGRALS 61 where nd x = b n x i = 1 (x i 1 + x i ) = midpoint of [x i 1, x i ]. Problem 168 (Exercise 1, pge 377). Use the Midpoint Rule with the n = 4 to pproximte 5 1 x e x dx. Some quick
More informationMath 118: Honours Calculus II Winter, 2003 List of Theorems. Lemma 5.1 (Partition Refinement) If P and Q are partitions of [a, b] such that Q P, then
Mth 118: Honours Clculus II Winter, 2003 List of Theorems Lemm 5.1 (Prtition Refinement) If P nd Q re prtitions of [, b] such tht Q P, then L(P, f) L(Q, f) U(Q, f) U(P, f). Lemm 5.2 (Upper Sums Bound Lower
More informationImproper Integrals. Introduction. Type 1: Improper Integrals on Infinite Intervals. When we defined the definite integral.
Improper Integrls Introduction When we defined the definite integrl f d we ssumed tht f ws continuous on [, ] where [, ] ws finite, closed intervl There re t lest two wys this definition cn fil to e stisfied:
More informationMath 100 Review Sheet
Mth 100 Review Sheet Joseph H. Silvermn December 2010 This outline of Mth 100 is summry of the mteril covered in the course. It is designed to be study id, but it is only n outline nd should be used s
More informationPhysics 116C Solution of inhomogeneous ordinary differential equations using Green s functions
Physics 6C Solution of inhomogeneous ordinry differentil equtions using Green s functions Peter Young November 5, 29 Homogeneous Equtions We hve studied, especilly in long HW problem, second order liner
More informationWeek 10: Riemann integral and its properties
Clculus nd Liner Algebr for Biomedicl Engineering Week 10: Riemnn integrl nd its properties H. Führ, Lehrstuhl A für Mthemtik, RWTH Achen, WS 07 Motivtion: Computing flow from flow rtes 1 We observe the
More informationThe final exam will take place on Friday May 11th from 8am 11am in Evans room 60.
Mth 104: finl informtion The finl exm will tke plce on Fridy My 11th from 8m 11m in Evns room 60. The exm will cover ll prts of the course with equl weighting. It will cover Chpters 1 5, 7 15, 17 21, 23
More information20 MATHEMATICS POLYNOMIALS
0 MATHEMATICS POLYNOMIALS.1 Introduction In Clss IX, you hve studied polynomils in one vrible nd their degrees. Recll tht if p(x) is polynomil in x, the highest power of x in p(x) is clled the degree of
More informationNUMERICAL INTEGRATION
NUMERICAL INTEGRATION How do we evlute I = f (x) dx By the fundmentl theorem of clculus, if F (x) is n ntiderivtive of f (x), then I = f (x) dx = F (x) b = F (b) F () However, in prctice most integrls
More informationSuppose we want to find the area under the parabola and above the x axis, between the lines x = 2 and x = 2.
Mth 43 Section 6. Section 6.: Definite Integrl Suppose we wnt to find the re of region tht is not so nicely shped. For exmple, consider the function shown elow. The re elow the curve nd ove the x xis cnnot
More informationACCESS TO SCIENCE, ENGINEERING AND AGRICULTURE: MATHEMATICS 2 MATH00040 SEMESTER /2018
ACCESS TO SCIENCE, ENGINEERING AND AGRICULTURE: MATHEMATICS MATH4 SEMESTER 7/8 DR. ANTHONY BROWN 4.. Introduction to Integrtion. 4. Integrl Clculus As ws the cse with the chpter on differentil clculus,
More information4181H Problem Set 11 Selected Solutions. Chapter 19. n(log x) n 1 1 x x dx,
48H Problem Set Selected Solutions Chpter 9 # () Tke f(x) = x n, g (x) = e x, nd use integrtion by prts; this gives reduction formul: x n e x dx = x n e x n x n e x dx. (b) Tke f(x) = (log x) n, g (x)
More information2 b. , a. area is S= 2π xds. Again, understand where these formulas came from (pages ).
AP Clculus BC Review Chpter 8 Prt nd Chpter 9 Things to Know nd Be Ale to Do Know everything from the first prt of Chpter 8 Given n integrnd figure out how to ntidifferentite it using ny of the following
More informationWe are looking for ways to compute the integral of a function f(x), f(x)dx.
INTEGRATION TECHNIQUES Introdction We re looking for wys to compte the integrl of fnction f(x), f(x)dx. To pt it simply, wht we need to do is find fnction F (x) sch tht F (x) = f(x). Then if the integrl
More informationOverview of Calculus I
Overview of Clculus I Prof. Jim Swift Northern Arizon University There re three key concepts in clculus: The limit, the derivtive, nd the integrl. You need to understnd the definitions of these three things,
More informationDisclaimer: This Final Exam Study Guide is meant to help you start studying. It is not necessarily a complete list of everything you need to know.
Disclimer: This is ment to help you strt studying. It is not necessrily complete list of everything you need to know. The MTH 33 finl exm minly consists of stndrd response questions where students must
More informationZ b. f(x)dx. Yet in the above two cases we know what f(x) is. Sometimes, engineers want to calculate an area by computing I, but...
Chpter 7 Numericl Methods 7. Introduction In mny cses the integrl f(x)dx cn be found by finding function F (x) such tht F 0 (x) =f(x), nd using f(x)dx = F (b) F () which is known s the nlyticl (exct) solution.
More informationAbstract inner product spaces
WEEK 4 Abstrct inner product spces Definition An inner product spce is vector spce V over the rel field R equipped with rule for multiplying vectors, such tht the product of two vectors is sclr, nd the
More information7. Indefinite Integrals
7. Indefinite Integrls These lecture notes present my interprettion of Ruth Lwrence s lecture notes (in Herew) 7. Prolem sttement By the fundmentl theorem of clculus, to clculte n integrl we need to find
More informationBefore we can begin Ch. 3 on Radicals, we need to be familiar with perfect squares, cubes, etc. Try and do as many as you can without a calculator!!!
Nme: Algebr II Honors PreChpter Homework Before we cn begin Ch on Rdicls, we need to be fmilir with perfect squres, cubes, etc Try nd do s mny s you cn without clcultor!!! n The nth root of n n Be ble
More informationExam 2, Mathematics 4701, Section ETY6 6:05 pm 7:40 pm, March 31, 2016, IH1105 Instructor: Attila Máté 1
Exm, Mthemtics 471, Section ETY6 6:5 pm 7:4 pm, Mrch 1, 16, IH115 Instructor: Attil Máté 1 17 copies 1. ) Stte the usul sufficient condition for the fixedpoint itertion to converge when solving the eqution
More information6.5 Numerical Approximations of Definite Integrals
Arknss Tech University MATH 94: Clculus II Dr. Mrcel B. Finn 6.5 Numericl Approximtions of Definite Integrls Sometimes the integrl of function cnnot be expressed with elementry functions, i.e., polynomil,
More informationDefinite Integrals. The area under a curve can be approximated by adding up the areas of rectangles = 1 1 +
Definite Integrls 5 The re under curve cn e pproximted y dding up the res of rectngles. Exmple. Approximte the re under y = from x = to x = using equl suintervls nd + x evluting the function t the lefthnd
More informationMA 124 January 18, Derivatives are. Integrals are.
MA 124 Jnury 18, 2018 Prof PB s oneminute introduction to clculus Derivtives re. Integrls re. In Clculus 1, we lern limits, derivtives, some pplictions of derivtives, indefinite integrls, definite integrls,
More informationA REVIEW OF CALCULUS CONCEPTS FOR JDEP 384H. Thomas Shores Department of Mathematics University of Nebraska Spring 2007
A REVIEW OF CALCULUS CONCEPTS FOR JDEP 384H Thoms Shores Deprtment of Mthemtics University of Nebrsk Spring 2007 Contents Rtes of Chnge nd Derivtives 1 Dierentils 4 Are nd Integrls 5 Multivrite Clculus
More informationSpring 2017 Exam 1 MARK BOX HAND IN PART PIN: 17
Spring 07 Exm problem MARK BOX points HAND IN PART 0 555=x5 0 NAME: Solutions 3 0 0 PIN: 7 % 00 INSTRUCTIONS This exm comes in two prts. () HAND IN PART. Hnd in only this prt. () STATEMENT OF MULTIPLE
More informationReversing the Chain Rule. As we have seen from the Second Fundamental Theorem ( 4.3), the easiest way to evaluate an integral b
Mth 32 Substitution Method Stewrt 4.5 Reversing the Chin Rule. As we hve seen from the Second Fundmentl Theorem ( 4.3), the esiest wy to evlute n integrl b f(x) dx is to find n ntiderivtive, the indefinite
More informationNumerical Analysis: Trapezoidal and Simpson s Rule
nd Simpson s Mthemticl question we re interested in numericlly nswering How to we evlute I = f (x) dx? Clculus tells us tht if F(x) is the ntiderivtive of function f (x) on the intervl [, b], then I =
More informationMATH 144: Business Calculus Final Review
MATH 144: Business Clculus Finl Review 1 Skills 1. Clculte severl limits. 2. Find verticl nd horizontl symptotes for given rtionl function. 3. Clculte derivtive by definition. 4. Clculte severl derivtives
More information38 Riemann sums and existence of the definite integral.
38 Riemnn sums nd existence of the definite integrl. In the clcultion of the re of the region X bounded by the grph of g(x) = x 2, the xxis nd 0 x b, two sums ppered: ( n (k 1) 2) b 3 n 3 re(x) ( n These
More informationProperties of Integrals, Indefinite Integrals. Goals: Definition of the Definite Integral Integral Calculations using Antiderivatives
Block #6: Properties of Integrls, Indefinite Integrls Gols: Definition of the Definite Integrl Integrl Clcultions using Antiderivtives Properties of Integrls The Indefinite Integrl 1 Riemnn Sums  1 Riemnn
More informationRead section 3.3, 3.4 Announcements:
Dte: 3/1/13 Objective: SWBAT pply properties of exponentil functions nd will pply properties of rithms. Bell Ringer: 1. f x = 3x 6, find the inverse, f 1 x., Using your grphing clcultor, Grph 1. f x,f
More informationWe know that if f is a continuous nonnegative function on the interval [a, b], then b
1 Ares Between Curves c 22 Donld Kreider nd Dwight Lhr We know tht if f is continuous nonnegtive function on the intervl [, b], then f(x) dx is the re under the grph of f nd bove the intervl. We re going
More informationThe Fundamental Theorem of Calculus
The Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus Professor Richrd Blecksmith richrd@mth.niu.edu Dept. of Mthemticl Sciences Northern Illinois University http://mth.niu.edu/ richrd/mth229. The Definite Integrl We define
More information5.4, 6.1, 6.2 Handout. As we ve discussed, the integral is in some way the opposite of taking a derivative. The exact relationship
5.4, 6.1, 6.2 Hnout As we ve iscusse, the integrl is in some wy the opposite of tking erivtive. The exct reltionship is given by the Funmentl Theorem of Clculus: The Funmentl Theorem of Clculus: If f is
More informationLecture 1. Functional series. Pointwise and uniform convergence.
1 Introduction. Lecture 1. Functionl series. Pointwise nd uniform convergence. In this course we study mongst other things Fourier series. The Fourier series for periodic function f(x) with period 2π is
More informationAM1 Mathematical Analysis 1 Oct Feb Exercises Lecture 3. sin(x + h) sin x h cos(x + h) cos x h
AM Mthemticl Anlysis Oct. Feb. Dte: October Exercises Lecture Exercise.. If h, prove the following identities hold for ll x: sin(x + h) sin x h cos(x + h) cos x h = sin γ γ = sin γ γ cos(x + γ) (.) sin(x
More information4 7x =250; 5 3x =500; Read section 3.3, 3.4 Announcements: Bell Ringer: Use your calculator to solve
Dte: 3/14/13 Objective: SWBAT pply properties of exponentil functions nd will pply properties of rithms. Bell Ringer: Use your clcultor to solve 4 7x =250; 5 3x =500; HW Requests: Properties of Log Equtions
More informationBig idea in Calculus: approximation
Big ide in Clculus: pproximtion Derivtive: f (x) = df dx f f(x +h) f(x) =, x h rte of chnge is pproximtely the rtio of chnges in the function vlue nd in the vrible in very short time Liner pproximtion:
More informationUnit 5. Integration techniques
18.01 EXERCISES Unit 5. Integrtion techniques 5A. Inverse trigonometric functions; Hyperbolic functions 5A1 Evlute ) tn 1 3 b) sin 1 ( 3/) c) If θ = tn 1 5, then evlute sin θ, cos θ, cot θ, csc θ, nd
More information0.1 Chapters 1: Limits and continuity
1 REVIEW SHEET FOR CALCULUS 140 Some of the topics hve smple problems from previous finls indicted next to the hedings. 0.1 Chpters 1: Limits nd continuity Theorem 0.1.1 Sndwich Theorem(F 96 # 20, F 97
More informationMath Calculus with Analytic Geometry II
orem of definite Mth 5.0 with Anlytic Geometry II Jnury 4, 0 orem of definite If < b then b f (x) dx = ( under f bove xxis) ( bove f under xxis) Exmple 8 0 3 9 x dx = π 3 4 = 9π 4 orem of definite Problem
More informationc n φ n (x), 0 < x < L, (1) n=1
SECTION : Fourier Series. MATH4. In section 4, we will study method clled Seprtion of Vribles for finding exct solutions to certin clss of prtil differentil equtions (PDEs. To do this, it will be necessry
More informationChapters 4 & 5 Integrals & Applications
Contents Chpters 4 & 5 Integrls & Applictions Motivtion to Chpters 4 & 5 2 Chpter 4 3 Ares nd Distnces 3. VIDEO  Ares Under Functions............................................ 3.2 VIDEO  Applictions
More informationIntroduction and Review
Chpter 6A Notes Pge of Introuction n Review Derivtives y = f(x) y x = f (x) Evlute erivtive t x = : y = x x= f f(+h) f() () = lim h h Geometric Interprettion: see figure slope of the line tngent to f t
More informationLecture 14: Quadrature
Lecture 14: Qudrture This lecture is concerned with the evlution of integrls fx)dx 1) over finite intervl [, b] The integrnd fx) is ssumed to be relvlues nd smooth The pproximtion of n integrl by numericl
More informationDefinition of Continuity: The function f(x) is continuous at x = a if f(a) exists and lim
Mth 9 Course Summry/Study Guide Fll, 2005 [1] Limits Definition of Limit: We sy tht L is the limit of f(x) s x pproches if f(x) gets closer nd closer to L s x gets closer nd closer to. We write lim f(x)
More informationThe graphs of Rational Functions
Lecture 4 5A: The its of Rtionl Functions s x nd s x + The grphs of Rtionl Functions The grphs of rtionl functions hve severl differences compred to power functions. One of the differences is the behvior
More informationMATH 1080: Calculus of One Variable II Fall 2017 Textbook: Single Variable Calculus: Early Transcendentals, 7e, by James Stewart.
MATH 1080: Clculus of One Vrile II Fll 2017 Textook: Single Vrile Clculus: Erly Trnscendentls, 7e, y Jmes Stewrt Unit 2 Skill Set Importnt: Students should expect test questions tht require synthesis of
More informationF (x) dx = F (x)+c = u + C = du,
35. The Substitution Rule An indefinite integrl of the derivtive F (x) is the function F (x) itself. Let u = F (x), where u is new vrible defined s differentible function of x. Consider the differentil
More informationAP Calculus Multiple Choice: BC Edition Solutions
AP Clculus Multiple Choice: BC Edition Solutions J. Slon Mrch 8, 04 ) 0 dx ( x) is A) B) C) D) E) Divergent This function inside the integrl hs verticl symptotes t x =, nd the integrl bounds contin this
More informationCAAM 453 NUMERICAL ANALYSIS I Examination There are four questions, plus a bonus. Do not look at them until you begin the exam.
Exmintion 1 Posted 23 October 2002. Due no lter thn 5pm on Mondy, 28 October 2002. Instructions: 1. Time limit: 3 uninterrupted hours. 2. There re four questions, plus bonus. Do not look t them until you
More information4.4 Areas, Integrals and Antiderivatives
. res, integrls nd ntiderivtives 333. Ares, Integrls nd Antiderivtives This section explores properties of functions defined s res nd exmines some connections mong res, integrls nd ntiderivtives. In order
More information