Figure 1 Basic epitaxial planar structure of NPN. Figure 2 The 3 regions of NPN (left) and PNP (right) type of transistors

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Figure 1 Basic epitaxial planar structure of NPN. Figure 2 The 3 regions of NPN (left) and PNP (right) type of transistors"

Transcription

1 Figure 1 Basic epitaxial planar structure of NPN Figure 2 The 3 regions of NPN (left) and PNP (right) type of transistors Lecture Notes: Physics and Electronics Lecture 6 (2 nd Half), Year: 2007 Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University 8/11/2007 Contents 1 Bipolar Junction Transistors Common-Emitter Circuit Load-Line Analysis PNP BJN Common-Emitter Circuit Problems 8 1 Bipolar Junction Transistors BJT s Structure (in Fig. 1 and 2) NPN Transistor Currents (in Figure 3) PNP Transistor Currents (in Figure 4) Both types of BJT can be activated since BE is forward bias Physics and Electronics (file: lec06 2.tex) 1 Tianprateep, M.

2 Reverse Bias I C(huge) I C(huge) I B(small) I B(small) I E = I C + I B I E = I C + I B Forward Bias Figure 3 The direction of current in NPN transistor. I C I B I E = I C + I B Figure 4 The direction of current in PNP transistor Physics and Electronics (file: lec06 2.tex) 2 Tianprateep, M.

3 Figure 5 common emitter circuit configuration for the NPN BJT. Equations of Operation i E = i C + i B At BE (forward bias): Shockley equation [ i E = I ES exp ( v BE 1 ) ] V T =300K Since CB is reverse bias; define α = i C i E : β = i C = i B i C = βi B = αi E α α i B = (1 α)i E 1.1 Common-Emitter Circuit Common-Emitter Circuit in Fig. 5 v CE > v BE ; v BC is negative (reverse bias). v BC = v BE v CE Common-Emitter Input Characteristics (Fig. 6) [ i B = (1 α)i ES exp ( v BE 1 ) ] V T v BE V Physics and Electronics (file: lec06 2.tex) 3 Tianprateep, M.

4 Figure 6 common emitter input characteristic of a typical NPN BJT. v CE < v BE CB:reverse; v CE > v BE : i C = βi B Figure 7 common emitter output characteristic of a typical NPN BJT Physics and Electronics (file: lec06 2.tex) 4 Tianprateep, M.

5 Figure 8 A simple common emitter amplifier that can be analyzed by load-line techniques. Figure 9 Input load line (shifts to dashed line for a smaller value of v in ). Common-Emitter Output Characteristics (Fig. 7) Ex: At v CE = 4 V and i B = 30 µa: i C = 3 ma and β = i C /i B = Load-Line Analysis Load-Line Equations (Fig. 8) V BB + vin(t) = R B i B (t) + vbe(t) : for input V CC = R C i C + v CE : for output Analysis of Input Circuit (Fig. 9) Analysis of Output Circuit (Fig. 10) Physics and Electronics (file: lec06 2.tex) 5 Tianprateep, M.

6 Figure 10 Output load line. Figure 11 Input load line for Example 1. Example 1. V CC = 10 V, V BB = 1.6 V, R B = 40 kω, and R C = 2 kω. Input signal: 0.4 V pp 1 khz sinusoid of 0.4 sin(2000πt). Find the max, min and Q point value for v CE. (Fig ) Inverting amplifier Nonlinear Distortion (Fig ) 1.3 PNP BJN Common-Emitter Circuit Equation of Operation Physics and Electronics (file: lec06 2.tex) 6 Tianprateep, M.

7 Figure 12 Input load line for Example 1. Figure 13 clipping occurs when the instantaneous operating point enters saturation or cutoff. In saturation, vce = 0.2 V. Figure 14 Output of the amplifier of sinusoidal wave that the operating point of its vm enters in saturation or cutoff region Physics and Electronics (file: lec06 2.tex) 7 Tianprateep, M.

8 Figure 15 PNP-BJT simple common-emitter amplifier circuit. i E = i C + i B i C = αi E i B = (1 α)i E i C = βi B α 0.99 β 100 PNP-BJT Common-Emitter Amplifier (Fig. 15) Common-Emitter Input Characteristics (Fig. 16) Common-Emitter Output Characteristics (Fig. 17) 2 Problems 1. A certain transistor has β = 50, I ES = A, v CE = 5 V, and i E = 10 ma. Assume that V T = V. Find v BE, V BC, i B, i C, andα. 2. Compute the corresponding values of β if α = 0.9, 0.99, and A certain transistor operated with forward bias of the base emitter junction and reverse bias of the base collector junction has i C = 9.5 ma and i E = 10 ma. Find the value of i B, α, and β. 4. Repeat Example 1 if v in = 0.8 sin(2000πt). Find the values of V CEmax, V CEQ, and V CEmin Physics and Electronics (file: lec06 2.tex) 8 Tianprateep, M.

9 Figure 16 Common emitter input characteristic for a PNP BJT. Figure 17 Common emitter output characteristic for a PNP BJT Physics and Electronics (file: lec06 2.tex) 9 Tianprateep, M.

10 5. Repeat Example 1 if v in = 0.8 sin(2000πt) and V BB = 1.2 V. Find the values of V CEmax, V CEQ, and V CEmin. 6. Find the value of α and β for the transistor having the characteristics shown in Figure 16 and (a) Use load line analysis to find the maximum, minimum and Q point values of i B and v CE for the amplifier circuit shown in Figure 15. Use the characteristics shown in Figure 16 and 17. (b) Does this PNP common emitter amplifier invert the signal? Physics and Electronics (file: lec06 2.tex) 10 Tianprateep, M.

Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) - Introduction

Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) - Introduction Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) - Introduction It was found in 1948 at the Bell Telephone Laboratories. It is a three terminal device and has three semiconductor regions. It can be used in signal amplification

More information

Circle the one best answer for each question. Five points per question.

Circle the one best answer for each question. Five points per question. ID # NAME EE-255 EXAM 3 November 8, 2001 Instructor (circle one) Talavage Gray This exam consists of 16 multiple choice questions and one workout problem. Record all answers to the multiple choice questions

More information

DC Biasing. Dr. U. Sezen & Dr. D. Gökçen (Hacettepe Uni.) ELE230 Electronics I 15-Mar / 59

DC Biasing. Dr. U. Sezen & Dr. D. Gökçen (Hacettepe Uni.) ELE230 Electronics I 15-Mar / 59 Contents Three States of Operation BJT DC Analysis Fixed-Bias Circuit Emitter-Stabilized Bias Circuit Voltage Divider Bias Circuit DC Bias with Voltage Feedback Various Dierent Bias Circuits pnp Transistors

More information

Electronic Circuits. Transistor Bias Circuits. Manar Mohaisen Office: F208 Department of EECE

Electronic Circuits. Transistor Bias Circuits. Manar Mohaisen Office: F208   Department of EECE lectronic ircuits Transistor Bias ircuits Manar Mohaisen Office: F208 mail: manar.subhi@kut.ac.kr Department of Review of the Precedent Lecture Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) BJT haracteristics and

More information

Chapter 2 - DC Biasing - BJTs

Chapter 2 - DC Biasing - BJTs Objectives Chapter 2 - DC Biasing - BJTs To Understand: Concept of Operating point and stability Analyzing Various biasing circuits and their comparison with respect to stability BJT A Review Invented

More information

Electronic Circuits. Bipolar Junction Transistors. Manar Mohaisen Office: F208 Department of EECE

Electronic Circuits. Bipolar Junction Transistors. Manar Mohaisen Office: F208   Department of EECE Electronic Circuits Bipolar Junction Transistors Manar Mohaisen Office: F208 Email: manar.subhi@kut.ac.kr Department of EECE Review of Precedent Class Explain the Operation of the Zener Diode Explain Applications

More information

Chapter 13 Small-Signal Modeling and Linear Amplification

Chapter 13 Small-Signal Modeling and Linear Amplification Chapter 13 Small-Signal Modeling and Linear Amplification Microelectronic Circuit Design Richard C. Jaeger Travis N. Blalock 1/4/12 Chap 13-1 Chapter Goals Understanding of concepts related to: Transistors

More information

Biasing the CE Amplifier

Biasing the CE Amplifier Biasing the CE Amplifier Graphical approach: plot I C as a function of the DC base-emitter voltage (note: normally plot vs. base current, so we must return to Ebers-Moll): I C I S e V BE V th I S e V th

More information

Junction Bipolar Transistor. Characteristics Models Datasheet

Junction Bipolar Transistor. Characteristics Models Datasheet Junction Bipolar Transistor Characteristics Models Datasheet Characteristics (1) The BJT is a threeterminal device, terminals are named emitter, base and collector. Small signals, applied to the base,

More information

EE 230 Lecture 33. Nonlinear Circuits and Nonlinear Devices. Diode BJT MOSFET

EE 230 Lecture 33. Nonlinear Circuits and Nonlinear Devices. Diode BJT MOSFET EE 230 Lecture 33 Nonlinear Circuits and Nonlinear Devices Diode BJT MOSFET Review from Last Time: n-channel MOSFET Source Gate L Drain W L EFF Poly Gate oxide n-active p-sub depletion region (electrically

More information

EE 230 Lecture 31. THE MOS TRANSISTOR Model Simplifcations THE Bipolar Junction TRANSISTOR

EE 230 Lecture 31. THE MOS TRANSISTOR Model Simplifcations THE Bipolar Junction TRANSISTOR EE 23 Lecture 3 THE MOS TRANSISTOR Model Simplifcations THE Bipolar Junction TRANSISTOR Quiz 3 Determine I X. Assume W=u, L=2u, V T =V, uc OX = - 4 A/V 2, λ= And the number is? 3 8 5 2? 6 4 9 7 Quiz 3

More information

CHAPTER.4: Transistor at low frequencies

CHAPTER.4: Transistor at low frequencies CHAPTER.4: Transistor at low frequencies Introduction Amplification in the AC domain BJT transistor modeling The re Transistor Model The Hybrid equivalent Model Introduction There are three models commonly

More information

KOM2751 Analog Electronics :: Dr. Muharrem Mercimek :: YTU - Control and Automation Dept. 1 4 DC BIASING BJTS (CONT D II )

KOM2751 Analog Electronics :: Dr. Muharrem Mercimek :: YTU - Control and Automation Dept. 1 4 DC BIASING BJTS (CONT D II ) KOM2751 Analog Electronics :: Dr. Muharrem Mercimek :: YTU - Control and Automation Dept. 1 4 DC BIASING BJTS (CONT D II ) Most of the content is from the textbook: Electronic devices and circuit theory,

More information

University of Pittsburgh

University of Pittsburgh University of Pittsburgh Experiment #8 Lab Report The Bipolar Junction Transistor: Characteristics and Models Submission Date: 11/6/2017 Instructors: Dr. Minhee Yun John Erickson Yanhao Du Submitted By:

More information

Chapter 13 Bipolar Junction Transistors

Chapter 13 Bipolar Junction Transistors Chapter 3 ipolar Junction Transistors Goal. ipolar Junction Transistor Operation in amplifier circuits. 2. Load-line Analysis & Nonlinear Distortion. 3. Large-signal equialent circuits to analyze JT circuits.

More information

Bipolar junction transistors

Bipolar junction transistors Bipolar junction transistors Find parameters of te BJT in CE configuration at BQ 40 µa and CBQ V. nput caracteristic B / µa 40 0 00 80 60 40 0 0 0, 0,5 0,3 0,35 0,4 BE / V Output caracteristics C / ma

More information

Chapter 2. - DC Biasing - BJTs

Chapter 2. - DC Biasing - BJTs Chapter 2. - DC Biasing - BJTs Objectives To Understand : Concept of Operating point and stability Analyzing Various biasing circuits and their comparison with respect to stability BJT A Review Invented

More information

ESE319 Introduction to Microelectronics. Output Stages

ESE319 Introduction to Microelectronics. Output Stages Output Stages Power amplifier classification Class A amplifier circuits Class A Power conversion efficiency Class B amplifier circuits Class B Power conversion efficiency Class AB amplifier circuits Class

More information

Lecture 35 - Bipolar Junction Transistor (cont.) November 27, Current-voltage characteristics of ideal BJT (cont.)

Lecture 35 - Bipolar Junction Transistor (cont.) November 27, Current-voltage characteristics of ideal BJT (cont.) 6.720J/3.43J - Integrated Microelectronic Devices - Fall 2002 Lecture 35-1 Lecture 35 - Bipolar Junction Transistor (cont.) November 27, 2002 Contents: 1. Current-voltage characteristics of ideal BJT (cont.)

More information

figure shows a pnp transistor biased to operate in the active mode

figure shows a pnp transistor biased to operate in the active mode Lecture 10b EE-215 Electronic Devices and Circuits Asst Prof Muhammad Anis Chaudhary BJT: Device Structure and Physical Operation The pnp Transistor figure shows a pnp transistor biased to operate in the

More information

Chapter 9 Bipolar Junction Transistor

Chapter 9 Bipolar Junction Transistor hapter 9 ipolar Junction Transistor hapter 9 - JT ipolar Junction Transistor JT haracteristics NPN, PNP JT D iasing ollector haracteristic and Load Line ipolar Junction Transistor (JT) JT is a three-terminal

More information

Digital Integrated CircuitDesign

Digital Integrated CircuitDesign Digital Integrated CircuitDesign Lecture 5a Bipolar Transistor Dep. Region Neutral Base n(0) b B C n b0 P C0 P e0 P C xn 0 xp 0 x n(w) b W B Adib Abrishamifar EE Department IUST Contents Bipolar Transistor

More information

Biasing BJTs CHAPTER OBJECTIVES 4.1 INTRODUCTION

Biasing BJTs CHAPTER OBJECTIVES 4.1 INTRODUCTION 4 DC Biasing BJTs CHAPTER OBJECTIVES Be able to determine the dc levels for the variety of important BJT configurations. Understand how to measure the important voltage levels of a BJT transistor configuration

More information

Lecture 17 The Bipolar Junction Transistor (I) Forward Active Regime

Lecture 17 The Bipolar Junction Transistor (I) Forward Active Regime Lecture 17 The Bipolar Junction Transistor (I) Forward Active Regime Outline The Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT): structure and basic operation I V characteristics in forward active regime Reading Assignment:

More information

EE 321 Analog Electronics, Fall 2013 Homework #8 solution

EE 321 Analog Electronics, Fall 2013 Homework #8 solution EE 321 Analog Electronics, Fall 2013 Homework #8 solution 5.110. The following table summarizes some of the basic attributes of a number of BJTs of different types, operating as amplifiers under various

More information

CHAPTER 13. Solutions for Exercises

CHAPTER 13. Solutions for Exercises HPT 3 Solutions for xercises 3. The emitter current is gien by the Shockley equation: i S exp VT For operation with i, we hae exp >> S >>, and we can write VT i S exp VT Soling for, we hae 3.2 i 2 0 26ln

More information

EE 330 Lecture 22. Small Signal Modelling Operating Points for Amplifier Applications Amplification with Transistor Circuits

EE 330 Lecture 22. Small Signal Modelling Operating Points for Amplifier Applications Amplification with Transistor Circuits EE 330 Lecture 22 Small Signal Modelling Operating Points for Amplifier Applications Amplification with Transistor Circuits Exam 2 Friday March 9 Exam 3 Friday April 13 Review Session for Exam 2: 6:00

More information

BJT Biasing Cont. & Small Signal Model

BJT Biasing Cont. & Small Signal Model BJT Biasing Cont. & Small Signal Model Conservative Bias Design (1/3, 1/3, 1/3 Rule) Bias Design Example Small-Signal BJT Models Small-Signal Analysis 1 Emitter Feedback Bias Design R B R C V CC R 1 R

More information

Electronic Circuits 1. Transistor Devices. Contents BJT and FET Characteristics Operations. Prof. C.K. Tse: Transistor devices

Electronic Circuits 1. Transistor Devices. Contents BJT and FET Characteristics Operations. Prof. C.K. Tse: Transistor devices Electronic Circuits 1 Transistor Devices Contents BJT and FET Characteristics Operations 1 What is a transistor? Three-terminal device whose voltage-current relationship is controlled by a third voltage

More information

FYSE400 ANALOG ELECTRONICS

FYSE400 ANALOG ELECTRONICS YSE400 ANALOG ELECTONCS LECTUE 3 Bipolar Sub Circuits 1 BPOLA SUB CCUTS Bipolar Current Sinks and -Sources Transistor operates in forwardactive region. < < sat CE CN max CE < < + BN CN BN max CE N N N

More information

Chapter 10 Instructor Notes

Chapter 10 Instructor Notes G. izzoni, Principles and Applications of lectrical ngineering Problem solutions, hapter 10 hapter 10 nstructor Notes hapter 10 introduces bipolar junction transistors. The material on transistors has

More information

(e V BC/V T. α F I SE = α R I SC = I S (3)

(e V BC/V T. α F I SE = α R I SC = I S (3) Experiment #8 BJT witching Characteristics Introduction pring 2015 Be sure to print a copy of Experiment #8 and bring it with you to lab. There will not be any experiment copies available in the lab. Also

More information

Homework Assignment 08

Homework Assignment 08 Homework Assignment 08 Question 1 (Short Takes) Two points each unless otherwise indicated. 1. Give one phrase/sentence that describes the primary advantage of an active load. Answer: Large effective resistance

More information

Device Physics: The Bipolar Transistor

Device Physics: The Bipolar Transistor Monolithic Amplifier Circuits: Device Physics: The Bipolar Transistor Chapter 4 Jón Tómas Guðmundsson tumi@hi.is 2. Week Fall 2010 1 Introduction In analog design the transistors are not simply switches

More information

ECE-343 Test 2: Mar 21, :00-8:00, Closed Book. Name : SOLUTION

ECE-343 Test 2: Mar 21, :00-8:00, Closed Book. Name : SOLUTION ECE-343 Test 2: Mar 21, 2012 6:00-8:00, Closed Book Name : SOLUTION 1. (25 pts) (a) Draw a circuit diagram for a differential amplifier designed under the following constraints: Use only BJTs. (You may

More information

ECE-342 Test 2 Solutions, Nov 4, :00-8:00pm, Closed Book (one page of notes allowed)

ECE-342 Test 2 Solutions, Nov 4, :00-8:00pm, Closed Book (one page of notes allowed) ECE-342 Test 2 Solutions, Nov 4, 2008 6:00-8:00pm, Closed Book (one page of notes allowed) Please use the following physical constants in your calculations: Boltzmann s Constant: Electron Charge: Free

More information

Mod. Sim. Dyn. Sys. Amplifiers page 1

Mod. Sim. Dyn. Sys. Amplifiers page 1 AMPLIFIERS A circuit containing only capacitors, amplifiers (transistors) and resistors may resonate. A circuit containing only capacitors and resistors may not. Why does amplification permit resonance

More information

EE105 Fall 2014 Microelectronic Devices and Circuits

EE105 Fall 2014 Microelectronic Devices and Circuits EE05 Fall 204 Microelectronic Devices and Circuits Prof. Ming C. Wu wu@eecs.berkeley.edu 5 Sutardja Dai Hall (SDH) Terminal Gain and I/O Resistances of BJT Amplifiers Emitter (CE) Collector (CC) Base (CB)

More information

Mod. Sim. Dyn. Sys. Amplifiers page 1

Mod. Sim. Dyn. Sys. Amplifiers page 1 AMPLIFIERS A circuit containing only capacitors, amplifiers (transistors) and resistors may resonate. A circuit containing only capacitors and resistors may not. Why does amplification permit resonance

More information

Quick Review. ESE319 Introduction to Microelectronics. and Q1 = Q2, what is the value of V O-dm. If R C1 = R C2. s.t. R C1. Let Q1 = Q2 and R C1

Quick Review. ESE319 Introduction to Microelectronics. and Q1 = Q2, what is the value of V O-dm. If R C1 = R C2. s.t. R C1. Let Q1 = Q2 and R C1 Quick Review If R C1 = R C2 and Q1 = Q2, what is the value of V O-dm? Let Q1 = Q2 and R C1 R C2 s.t. R C1 > R C2, express R C1 & R C2 in terms R C and ΔR C. If V O-dm is the differential output offset

More information

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY College of Engineering Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY College of Engineering Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY College of Engineering Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences EE 105: Microelectronic Devices and Circuits Spring 2008 MIDTERM EXAMINATION #1 Time

More information

Electronics II. Midterm II

Electronics II. Midterm II The University of Toledo su7ms_elct7.fm - Electronics II Midterm II Problems Points. 7. 7 3. 6 Total 0 Was the exam fair? yes no The University of Toledo su7ms_elct7.fm - Problem 7 points Equation (-)

More information

Lecture 17. The Bipolar Junction Transistor (II) Regimes of Operation. Outline

Lecture 17. The Bipolar Junction Transistor (II) Regimes of Operation. Outline Lecture 17 The Bipolar Junction Transistor (II) Regimes of Operation Outline Regimes of operation Large-signal equivalent circuit model Output characteristics Reading Assignment: Howe and Sodini; Chapter

More information

Class AB Output Stage

Class AB Output Stage Class AB Output Stage Class AB amplifier Operation Multisim Simulation - VTC Class AB amplifier biasing Widlar current source Multisim Simulation - Biasing 1 Class AB Operation v I V B (set by V B ) Basic

More information

ESE319 Introduction to Microelectronics Common Emitter BJT Amplifier

ESE319 Introduction to Microelectronics Common Emitter BJT Amplifier Common Emitter BJT Amplifier 1 Adding a signal source to the single power supply bias amplifier R C R 1 R C V CC V CC V B R E R 2 R E Desired effect addition of bias and signal sources Starting point -

More information

General Purpose Transistors

General Purpose Transistors General Purpose Transistors NPN and PNP Silicon These transistors are designed for general purpose amplifier applications. They are housed in the SOT 33/SC which is designed for low power surface mount

More information

Transistors. Lesson #9 Chapter 4. BME 372 Electronics I J.Schesser

Transistors. Lesson #9 Chapter 4. BME 372 Electronics I J.Schesser Transistors Lesson #9 hapter 4 252 JT egions of Operation 7.03 6.03 5.03 4.03 3.03 2.03 1.03 0.00 Saturation Active i amps i =50 ma 40 ma 30 ma 20 ma 10 ma 0 ma 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 v volts utoff There

More information

Basic Electronics Prof. Dr. Chitralekha Mahanta Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati

Basic Electronics Prof. Dr. Chitralekha Mahanta Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati Basic Electronics Prof. Dr. Chitralekha Mahanta Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati Module: 2 Bipolar Junction Transistors Lecture-4 Biasing

More information

EE105 - Fall 2006 Microelectronic Devices and Circuits

EE105 - Fall 2006 Microelectronic Devices and Circuits EE105 - Fall 2006 Microelectronic Devices and Circuits Prof. Jan M. Rabaey (jan@eecs) Lecture 21: Bipolar Junction Transistor Administrative Midterm Th 6:30-8pm in Sibley Auditorium Covering everything

More information

ESE319 Introduction to Microelectronics. BJT Biasing Cont.

ESE319 Introduction to Microelectronics. BJT Biasing Cont. BJT Biasing Cont. Biasing for DC Operating Point Stability BJT Bias Using Emitter Negative Feedback Single Supply BJT Bias Scheme Constant Current BJT Bias Scheme Rule of Thumb BJT Bias Design 1 Simple

More information

7. DESIGN OF AC-COUPLED BJT AMPLIFIERS FOR MAXIMUM UNDISTORTED VOLTAGE SWING

7. DESIGN OF AC-COUPLED BJT AMPLIFIERS FOR MAXIMUM UNDISTORTED VOLTAGE SWING à 7. DESIGN OF AC-COUPLED BJT AMPLIFIERS FOR MAXIMUM UNDISTORTED VOLTAGE SWING Figure. AC coupled common emitter amplifier circuit ü The DC Load Line V CC = I CQ + V CEQ + R E I EQ I EQ = I CQ + I BQ I

More information

Lecture 17 - The Bipolar Junction Transistor (I) Forward Active Regime. April 10, 2003

Lecture 17 - The Bipolar Junction Transistor (I) Forward Active Regime. April 10, 2003 6.012 - Microelectronic Devices and Circuits - Spring 2003 Lecture 17-1 Lecture 17 - The Bipolar Junction Transistor (I) Contents: Forward Active Regime April 10, 2003 1. BJT: structure and basic operation

More information

R. Ludwig and G. Bogdanov RF Circuit Design: Theory and Applications 2 nd edition. Figures for Chapter 6

R. Ludwig and G. Bogdanov RF Circuit Design: Theory and Applications 2 nd edition. Figures for Chapter 6 R. Ludwig and G. Bogdanov RF Circuit Design: Theory and Applications 2 nd edition Figures for Chapter 6 Free electron Conduction band Hole W g W C Forbidden Band or Bandgap W V Electron energy Hole Valence

More information

Introduction to Transistors. Semiconductors Diodes Transistors

Introduction to Transistors. Semiconductors Diodes Transistors Introduction to Transistors Semiconductors Diodes Transistors 1 Semiconductors Typical semiconductors, like silicon and germanium, have four valence electrons which form atomic bonds with neighboring atoms

More information

At point G V = = = = = = RB B B. IN RB f

At point G V = = = = = = RB B B. IN RB f Common Emitter At point G CE RC 0. 4 12 0. 4 116. I C RC 116. R 1k C 116. ma I IC 116. ma β 100 F 116µ A I R ( 116µ A)( 20kΩ) 2. 3 R + 2. 3 + 0. 7 30. IN R f Gain in Constant Current Region I I I C F

More information

Transistor Characteristics and A simple BJT Current Mirror

Transistor Characteristics and A simple BJT Current Mirror Transistor Characteristics and A simple BJT Current Mirror Current-oltage (I-) Characteristics Device Under Test DUT i v T T 1 R X R X T for test Independent variable on horizontal axis Could force current

More information

Lecture 050 Followers (1/11/04) Page ECE Analog Integrated Circuits and Systems II P.E. Allen

Lecture 050 Followers (1/11/04) Page ECE Analog Integrated Circuits and Systems II P.E. Allen Lecture 5 Followers (1/11/4) Page 51 LECTURE 5 FOLLOWERS (READING: GHLM 344362, AH 221226) Objective The objective of this presentation is: Show how to design stages that 1.) Provide sufficient output

More information

BJT Biasing Cont. & Small Signal Model

BJT Biasing Cont. & Small Signal Model BJT Biasing Cont. & Small Signal Model Conservative Bias Design Bias Design Example Small Signal BJT Models Small Signal Analysis 1 Emitter Feedback Bias Design Voltage bias circuit Single power supply

More information

ID # NAME. EE-255 EXAM 3 April 7, Instructor (circle one) Ogborn Lundstrom

ID # NAME. EE-255 EXAM 3 April 7, Instructor (circle one) Ogborn Lundstrom ID # NAME EE-255 EXAM 3 April 7, 1998 Instructor (circle one) Ogborn Lundstrom This exam consists of 20 multiple choice questions. Record all answers on this page, but you must turn in the entire exam.

More information

Chapter 3 Output stages

Chapter 3 Output stages Chapter 3 utput stages 3.. Goals and properties 3.. Goals and properties deliver power into the load with good efficacy and small power dissipate on the final transistors small output impedance maximum

More information

ECE-305: Spring 2018 Final Exam Review

ECE-305: Spring 2018 Final Exam Review C-305: Spring 2018 Final xam Review Pierret, Semiconductor Device Fundamentals (SDF) Chapters 10 and 11 (pp. 371-385, 389-403) Professor Peter Bermel lectrical and Computer ngineering Purdue University,

More information

Bipolar junction transistor operation and modeling

Bipolar junction transistor operation and modeling 6.01 - Electronic Devices and Circuits Lecture 8 - Bipolar Junction Transistor Basics - Outline Announcements Handout - Lecture Outline and Summary; Old eam 1's on Stellar First Hour Eam - Oct. 8, 7:30-9:30

More information

Section 5.4 BJT Circuits at DC

Section 5.4 BJT Circuits at DC 12/3/2004 section 5_4 JT Circuits at DC 1/1 Section 5.4 JT Circuits at DC Reading Assignment: pp. 421-436 To analyze a JT circuit, we follow the same boring procedure as always: ASSUME, ENFORCE, ANALYZE

More information

BCR191.../SEMB1 BCR191/F/L3 BCR191T/W BCR191S SEMB1. Type Marking Pin Configuration Package BCR191 BCR191F BCR191L3 2=E 2=E 2=E =C 3=C 3=C

BCR191.../SEMB1 BCR191/F/L3 BCR191T/W BCR191S SEMB1. Type Marking Pin Configuration Package BCR191 BCR191F BCR191L3 2=E 2=E 2=E =C 3=C 3=C PNP Silicon Digital Transistor Switching circuit, inverter, interface circuit, driver circuit Built in bias resistor (R = kω, R = kω ) For 6PIN packages: two (galvanic) internal isolated transistors with

More information

13. Bipolar transistors

13. Bipolar transistors Technische Universität Graz Institute of Solid State Physics 13. Bipolar transistors Jan. 16, 2019 Technische Universität Graz Institute of Solid State Physics bipolar transistors npn transistor collector

More information

Assignment 3 ELEC 312/Winter 12 R.Raut, Ph.D.

Assignment 3 ELEC 312/Winter 12 R.Raut, Ph.D. Page 1 of 3 ELEC 312: ELECTRONICS II : ASSIGNMENT-3 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Winter 2012 1. A common-emitter amplifier that can be represented by the following equivalent circuit,

More information

ELECTRONICS IA 2017 SCHEME

ELECTRONICS IA 2017 SCHEME ELECTRONICS IA 2017 SCHEME CONTENTS 1 [ 5 marks ]...4 2...5 a. [ 2 marks ]...5 b. [ 2 marks ]...5 c. [ 5 marks ]...5 d. [ 2 marks ]...5 3...6 a. [ 3 marks ]...6 b. [ 3 marks ]...6 4 [ 7 marks ]...7 5...8

More information

Experiment Determining the beta where it is stable.(6) Analysis and design of dc-biased transistor configurations (9)

Experiment Determining the beta where it is stable.(6) Analysis and design of dc-biased transistor configurations (9) Visit http://electronicsclub.cjb.net for more resources DC BIASING BJTs (Analysis & Design) Design Procedure..(3) Limits of operation....(3) BJT modes of operation...(4) The Beta(h FE ).....(5) Experiment

More information

Lecture 24 Multistage Amplifiers (I) MULTISTAGE AMPLIFIER

Lecture 24 Multistage Amplifiers (I) MULTISTAGE AMPLIFIER Lecture 24 Multistage Amplifiers (I) MULTISTAGE AMPLIFIER Outline. Introduction 2. CMOS multi-stage voltage amplifier 3. BiCMOS multistage voltage amplifier 4. BiCMOS current buffer 5. Coupling amplifier

More information

V. Transistors. 3.1 III. Bipolar-Junction (BJT) Transistors

V. Transistors. 3.1 III. Bipolar-Junction (BJT) Transistors V. Transistors 3.1 III. Bipolar-Junction (BJT) Transistors A bipolar junction transistor is formed by joining three sections of semiconductors with alternatiely different dopings. The middle section (base)

More information

MP6901 MP6901. High Power Switching Applications. Hammer Drive, Pulse Motor Drive and Inductive Load Switching. Maximum Ratings (Ta = 25 C)

MP6901 MP6901. High Power Switching Applications. Hammer Drive, Pulse Motor Drive and Inductive Load Switching. Maximum Ratings (Ta = 25 C) TOSHIBA Power Transistor Module Silicon Epitaxial Type (Darlington power transistor in ) High Power Switching Applications. Hammer Drive, Pulse Motor Drive and Inductive Load Switching. Industrial Applications

More information

The Common-Emitter Amplifier

The Common-Emitter Amplifier c Copyright 2009. W. Marshall Leach, Jr., Professor, Georgia Institute of Technology, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering. The Common-Emitter Amplifier Basic Circuit Fig. shows the circuit diagram

More information

Institute of Solid State Physics. Technische Universität Graz. Exam. Feb 2, 10:00-11:00 P2

Institute of Solid State Physics. Technische Universität Graz. Exam. Feb 2, 10:00-11:00 P2 Technische Universität Graz nstitute of Solid State Physics Exam Feb 2, 10:00-11:00 P2 Exam Four questions, two from the online list. Calculator is ok. No notes. Explain some concept: (tunnel contact,

More information

Chapter 5. BJT AC Analysis

Chapter 5. BJT AC Analysis Chapter 5. Outline: The r e transistor model CB, CE & CC AC analysis through r e model common-emitter fixed-bias voltage-divider bias emitter-bias & emitter-follower common-base configuration Transistor

More information

Switching circuits: basics and switching speed

Switching circuits: basics and switching speed ECE137B notes; copyright 2018 Switching circuits: basics and switching speed Mark Rodwell, University of California, Santa Barbara Amplifiers vs. switching circuits Some transistor circuit might have V

More information

Tutorial #4: Bias Point Analysis in Multisim

Tutorial #4: Bias Point Analysis in Multisim SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING AND APPLIED SCIENCE DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING ECE 2115: ENGINEERING ELECTRONICS LABORATORY Tutorial #4: Bias Point Analysis in Multisim INTRODUCTION When BJTs

More information

6.012 Electronic Devices and Circuits Spring 2005

6.012 Electronic Devices and Circuits Spring 2005 6.012 Electronic Devices and Circuits Spring 2005 May 16, 2005 Final Exam (200 points) -OPEN BOOK- Problem NAME RECITATION TIME 1 2 3 4 5 Total General guidelines (please read carefully before starting):

More information

55:041 Electronic Circuits The University of Iowa Fall Exam 2

55:041 Electronic Circuits The University of Iowa Fall Exam 2 Exam 2 Name: Score /60 Question 1 One point unless indicated otherwise. 1. An engineer measures the (step response) rise time of an amplifier as t r = 0.35 μs. Estimate the 3 db bandwidth of the amplifier.

More information

BC546 / 547 / 548. Small Signal Transistors (NPN) Vishay Semiconductors

BC546 / 547 / 548. Small Signal Transistors (NPN) Vishay Semiconductors Small Signal Transistors (NPN) Features NPN Silicon Epitaxial Planar Transistors These transistors are subdivided into three groups A, B, and C according to their current gain. The type BC546 is available

More information

ECE-342 Test 3: Nov 30, :00-8:00, Closed Book. Name : Solution

ECE-342 Test 3: Nov 30, :00-8:00, Closed Book. Name : Solution ECE-342 Test 3: Nov 30, 2010 6:00-8:00, Closed Book Name : Solution All solutions must provide units as appropriate. Unless otherwise stated, assume T = 300 K. 1. (25 pts) Consider the amplifier shown

More information

COMPLEMENTARY NPN/PNP TRANSISTOR

COMPLEMENTARY NPN/PNP TRANSISTOR SEMICONDUCTOR DATA SHEET COMPLEMENTARY NPN/PNP TRANSISTOR FEATURES Complementary Pair One 3904-Type NPN, One 3906-Type PNP Epitaxial Planar Die Construction Ideal for Low Power Amplification and Switching

More information

Memories Bipolar Transistors

Memories Bipolar Transistors Technische Universität Graz nstitute of Solid State Physics Memories Bipolar Transistors Technische Universität Graz nstitute of Solid State Physics Exams February 5 March 7 April 18 June 27 Exam Four

More information

The Devices. Jan M. Rabaey

The Devices. Jan M. Rabaey The Devices Jan M. Rabaey Goal of this chapter Present intuitive understanding of device operation Introduction of basic device equations Introduction of models for manual analysis Introduction of models

More information

A NONLINEAR DIGITAL MODEL OF THE EMS VCS3 VOLTAGE CONTROLLED FILTER

A NONLINEAR DIGITAL MODEL OF THE EMS VCS3 VOLTAGE CONTROLLED FILTER A NONLINEAR DIGITAL MODEL OF THE EMS VCS3 VOLTAGE CONTROLLED FILTER Marco Civolani University of Verona Dipartimento di Informatica 15 Strada Le Grazie Verona 37134, Italy marcocivolani@gmailcom Federico

More information

Recitation 17: BJT-Basic Operation in FAR

Recitation 17: BJT-Basic Operation in FAR Recitation 17: BJT-Basic Operation in FAR BJT stands for Bipolar Junction Transistor 1. Can be thought of as two p-n junctions back to back, you can have pnp or npn. In analogy to MOSFET small current

More information

DATA SHEET. BC556; BC557 PNP general purpose transistors DISCRETE SEMICONDUCTORS. Product specification Supersedes data of 1997 Mar 27.

DATA SHEET. BC556; BC557 PNP general purpose transistors DISCRETE SEMICONDUCTORS. Product specification Supersedes data of 1997 Mar 27. DISCRETE SEMICONDUCTORS DATA SHEET book, halfpage M3D186 Supersedes data of 1997 Mar 27 FEATURES Low current (max. 100 ma) Low voltage (max. 65 V). APPLICATIONS General purpose switching and amplification.

More information

Capacitors Diodes Transistors. PC200 Lectures. Terry Sturtevant. Wilfrid Laurier University. June 4, 2009

Capacitors Diodes Transistors. PC200 Lectures. Terry Sturtevant. Wilfrid Laurier University. June 4, 2009 Wilfrid Laurier University June 4, 2009 Capacitor an electronic device which consists of two conductive plates separated by an insulator Capacitor an electronic device which consists of two conductive

More information

DEPARTMENT OF ECE UNIT VII BIASING & STABILIZATION AMPLIFIER:

DEPARTMENT OF ECE UNIT VII BIASING & STABILIZATION AMPLIFIER: UNIT VII IASING & STAILIZATION AMPLIFIE: - A circuit that increases the amplitude of given signal is an amplifier - Small ac signal applied to an amplifier is obtained as large a.c. signal of same frequency

More information

MICROELECTRONIC CIRCUIT DESIGN Second Edition

MICROELECTRONIC CIRCUIT DESIGN Second Edition MICROELECTRONIC CIRCUIT DESIGN Second Edition Richard C. Jaeger and Travis N. Blalock Answers to Selected Problems Updated 10/23/06 Chapter 1 1.3 1.52 years, 5.06 years 1.5 2.00 years, 6.65 years 1.8 113

More information

Electronics II. Midterm #2

Electronics II. Midterm #2 The University of Toledo EECS:3400 Electronics I Section sums_elct7.fm - StudentName Electronics II Midterm # Problems Points. 8. 3. 7 Total 0 Was the exam fair? yes no The University of Toledo sums_elct7.fm

More information

GEORGIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY School of Electrical and Computer Engineering

GEORGIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY School of Electrical and Computer Engineering NAME: GEORGIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY School of Electrical and Computer Engineering ECE 4430 First Exam Closed Book and Notes Fall 2002 September 27, 2002 General Instructions: 1. Write on one side of

More information

DATA SHEET. BC556; BC557 PNP general purpose transistors. technický list DISCRETE SEMICONDUCTORS Apr 15

DATA SHEET. BC556; BC557 PNP general purpose transistors. technický list DISCRETE SEMICONDUCTORS Apr 15 DISCRETE SEMICONDUCTORS DATA SHEET book, halfpage M3D186 Supersedes data of 1997 Mar 27 1999 Apr 15 str 1 FEATURES Low current (max. 100 ma) Low voltage (max. 65 V). APPLICATIONS General purpose switching

More information

Review of Band Energy Diagrams MIS & MOS Capacitor MOS TRANSISTORS MOSFET Capacitances MOSFET Static Model

Review of Band Energy Diagrams MIS & MOS Capacitor MOS TRANSISTORS MOSFET Capacitances MOSFET Static Model Content- MOS Devices and Switching Circuits Review of Band Energy Diagrams MIS & MOS Capacitor MOS TRANSISTORS MOSFET Capacitances MOSFET Static Model A Cantoni 2009-2013 Digital Switching 1 Content- MOS

More information

Lecture 7: Transistors and Amplifiers

Lecture 7: Transistors and Amplifiers Lecture 7: Transistors and Amplifiers Hybrid Transistor Model for small AC : The previous model for a transistor used one parameter (β, the current gain) to describe the transistor. doesn't explain many

More information

2N3904 SMALL SIGNAL NPN TRANSISTOR

2N3904 SMALL SIGNAL NPN TRANSISTOR SMALL SIGNAL NPN TRANSISTOR PRELIMINARY DATA Ordering Code Marking Package / Shipment TO-92 / Bulk -AP TO-92 / Ammopack SILICON EPITAXIAL PLANAR NPN TRANSISTOR TO-92 PACKAGE SUITABLE FOR THROUGH-HOLE PCB

More information

Microelectronic Devices and Circuits Lecture 9 - MOS Capacitors I - Outline Announcements Problem set 5 -

Microelectronic Devices and Circuits Lecture 9 - MOS Capacitors I - Outline Announcements Problem set 5 - 6.012 - Microelectronic Devices and Circuits Lecture 9 - MOS Capacitors I - Outline Announcements Problem set 5 - Posted on Stellar. Due net Wednesday. Qualitative description - MOS in thermal equilibrium

More information

Whereas the diode was a 1-junction device, the transistor contains two junctions. This leads to two possibilities:

Whereas the diode was a 1-junction device, the transistor contains two junctions. This leads to two possibilities: Part Recall: two types of charge carriers in semiconductors: electrons & holes two types of doped semiconductors: n-type (favor e-), p-type (favor holes) for conduction Whereas the diode was a -junction

More information

2N2904A-2N2905A 2N2906A-2N2907A

2N2904A-2N2905A 2N2906A-2N2907A 2N2904A-2N2905A 2N2906A-2N2907A GENERAL PURPOSE AMPLIFIERS AND SITCHES DESCRIPTION The 2N2904A, 2N2905A, 2N2906A and 2N2907A are silicon planar epitaxial PNP transistors in Jedec TO-39 (for 2N2904A and

More information

ELEC 3908, Physical Electronics, Lecture 17. Bipolar Transistor Injection Models

ELEC 3908, Physical Electronics, Lecture 17. Bipolar Transistor Injection Models LC 3908, Physical lectronics, Lecture 17 Bipolar Transistor njection Models Lecture Outline Last lecture looked at qualitative operation of the BJT, now want to develop a quantitative model to predict

More information

Final Examination EE 130 December 16, 1997 Time allotted: 180 minutes

Final Examination EE 130 December 16, 1997 Time allotted: 180 minutes Final Examination EE 130 December 16, 1997 Time allotted: 180 minutes Problem 1: Semiconductor Fundamentals [30 points] A uniformly doped silicon sample of length 100µm and cross-sectional area 100µm 2

More information