(Thymus fallax Fisch.et C.A. Mey.)

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1 DOI: (19) (Thymus fllx Fish.et C.A. Mey.) 2 2 *1 *1 : : 191 : 190 :. Nepetoiee (Lmiee) (Thymus). Thymus fllx Fish.et C.A. Mey.. ( ). SPSS. GC/MS GC %2/ (Thymus) :. ().(179 ) (Thymus).(174 ).(174 ).

2 520 (Lmiee) Nepetoiee (Morles, 2002) ).(188. (thymol) (rvrol). ).(188.. ).(182 Thymus fllx ).(188 ).( (%46/15).(Goze et l., 2009) 2 (%65/9) () Brzneh, ).( %99/4 (%68/1).(Tumen et l., 1999) T. kotshynus T. rmnius T. puese.(rustiyn et l., 2000) ) ( 1800) ( 2200) ( 2500) (. ) ( 4 2

3 ) (.. GC (GC/MS). (TR) (RI).(Ams, 2002) (GC) (Shimzu) 9A DB5 0 0/25 0/ ) 10 (. GC FID 2.(Ams, 2002) (GC/MS) 400 DB5 0 0/25 0/25. GC ) (. 1/ SPSS. () ) (1. 1 sig ** 2/ :**

4 522 (%2/76) (/15). Thymus fllx /9 1/0 1/ 0/9 0/7 2/2 0/ 2/4 7/0 0/7 11/5 0/2 48/0 4/4 2/7 1/1 0/2 0/78 0/7 90/6 2 (%) 1/157 1/165 1/565 2/760 / ) (2 0/6 1/2 0/5 1/ 0/2 7/1 0/4 0/9 9/7 0/6 0/5 47/1 2/0 0/7 2/1 2/9 2/ 81/1 1/5 0/5 0/9 12/9 0/ 11/0 0/6 0/ 0/ 9/ 1/7 1/0 0/5 2/9 8/6 84/ /5 1/1 1/82 2/9 1/0 1/0 1/6 5/4 0/6 29/7 1/ 1/0 1/02 8/9 2/9 1/1 11/8 2/9 81/1 αthujene αpinene mphene sinene βpinene βmyrene δ4rene limonene pymene 1,8ineole gerniol γterpinene tr sinene hyrte linlool αterpineol ornyl ette thymol rvrol βryophyllene Zβfrnesene αhumulene iylogermrene βisolene γinene spthulenole ryophyllene oxie Eryophlene 0/ =

5 (Thymus fllx) ) (4 ) ( /559 8/12 8/12 105/52 0/ / : ) (5 2500) ( %47/9 %4/ ) ( %29/7 /. 5 () /7 1/25 5/44 1/82 0/58 0/ /0 1/71 0/ 1/54 10/97 12/ /08 1/95 8 1/20 9/70 7/ /97 4/4 0/72 1/4 11/54 7/01 = ) (6. 7.

6 524 6 OC K P N ph EC Sn Silt Cly 1 /77 ** / ** /68 ** /021 ** 0 0 /46 ** 0 /0 ** 4 ** 18 /6 ** /78 ** 127 0/ : OC 1/1075 2/050 2/0075 0/9500 K P 4/007 19/007 6/107 2/07 N 50 0/ /0875 ph 7/70 7/0 7/0 7/70 EC 0/6075 0/579 0/4800 0/4200 Sn 6 40/0 9/10 Silt /2 29/70 Cly /20 0/5 21/20 =.. (8 ). Thymus fllx (7 ) ( ) %5 (N) (P) sig 0/017 t 9/5 2/48 212/94 491/ /597 6/944 8 Bet 0/ /44 0/006 0/202 0/009 0/001 0/004 0/002 0/204 B 68/428 0/021 2/57 2/06 1/64 1/420 %5 (Cotnt) : (EC) (N) (P) (Sn) (Cly) :

7 : (1) = 2/57 (P) + 1/64 (Cly) + 2/06 (Sn) 1/420 (EC) 0/021 (N) 68/427.. : (2) (9 ) () (K). = 0/020 (K) + 0/665 (OC) + 0/040 (Cly) 1/49 (ph) + 96 (EC) + 16/680 %5 (). : (9 ) (P N) ( ) = 0/08 (P) 0/07 (Cly) 0/010 (Sn) + 1/001 (N) + 0/020 (EC) 0/009 (ph) + 2/691 (P) (4). (9 ) : ( ) = 0/420 (P) 0/441 (Cly) + 0/077 (Silt) + 0/472 (ph) + 0/448 (EC) + 17/126. : (5) (9 ) (K P) %5 = 0/25 (P) + 0/004 (K) 0/580 (OC) + 2 (ph) 1/864 Crvrol 0/08 0/665 0/77 0/21 0/050 0/288 0/4 0/762 0/29 9 Thymol 0/244 0/917 0/785 0/02 0/779 0/22 0/9 0/921 0/6 γterpinene 0/425 0/ / /984 0/920 0/74 Gerniol 0/ /020 0/ /908 0/72 5 Pymene /765 0/ /065 0/908 0/72 5 Cmphene 05 0/720 0/58 0/61 0/687 0/298 0/781 0/754 0/522 Cly Silt Sn EC PH N P K OC : : : %5

8 ) ( %2/ ) ( /15. Hii (2007) T. kotshynus. %2/ Brzneh (2004) 2. Goze (2009) 18. ) ( ) ( %47/97 %4/4.. Hii (185). 1800) (. (P) (Cly) (Sn) (E) (N). (OC) (Cly) (E). (ph) (K). (P) (N) (EC). (Silt) (ph) (EC). (P) (K) (ph). Hii (185) ).( ).(2. 424

9 ntioxint, ntimiroil, ntispsmoi tivities of the essentil of Thymus fllx Fish. Mey. Journl of Meiinl Plnt Reserh, (): Hii, H., Mzheri, D., Mjnoon Hosseini, N., Cheehi, M.R., FkhrTtee, M. n Bigeli, M., Effet of ltitue on essentil oil n omponents in wil thyme (Thymus kotshynus Boiss.) Tleghn region. Pjouhesh n Sznegi, 7: 210. Morles, R., The history, otny n txonomy of the genus Thymus: 14. In: SthlBiskup, E. n Sez, F., (Es.). Thyme: The Genus Thymus. CRC Press, 46p. Rustiyn, A., Msoui, S. n Monfre, A., Voltile otituents of three Thymus speies grown wil in Irn. Plnt mei, 66(2): Tumen, G., Yiliz, B., Kirimer, N., Kurkuoglu, M. n Bse, K.H.C., Composition of the essentil oil of Thymus fllx Fish. et Mey. from Turkey. Journl of Essentil Oil Reserh, 11: () :(7)2.(Thymus vulgris) Ams, R.P., Ientifition of Essentil Oil Components y Gs Chromtogrphy/Mss Spetrometry. Allure Pulishing Corportion, Crol strem, USA, 804p. Brzneh, M.M., Essentil oil omposition of Thymus fllx Fish.et C.A. Mey. from Irn. Journl of Essentil Oil Reserh, 16(2): Goze, I., Alim, A., Cetinus, S.A., Durmus, N., Vurl, N. n Murt, H., Chemil omposition n

10 Irnin Journl of Meiinl n Aromti Plnts, Vol. 0, No. 4, Effets of ltitue n soil hrteristis on essentil of Thymus fllx Fish.et C.A. Mey. in ifferent hitts of Lorestn provine A. Mohmmin 1*, R. Krmin 2, M. Mirz n A. Sephvn 2 1* Corresponing uthor, Reserh Center for Agriulture n Nturl Resoures, Khorrm, Lorestn, Irn Emil: 2 Reserh Center for Agriulture n Nturl Resoures, Khorrm, Irn Reserh Ititue of Forests n Rnglns, Tehrn, Irn Reeive: Deemer 2011 Revise: Jnury 201 Aepte: Ferury 201 Astrt Thymus is one of the most importnt gener of the Lmiee fmily, elonging to the Nepetoiee su fmily. In this stuy, the reltiohip etween ltitue from se level n soil physil n hemil hrteristis s importnt ftors ffeting the quntittive n qulittive essentil oils of Thymus fllx Fish.et C.A. Mey.were exmine. Four nturl hitts of this speies (Zgheh, Alshtr, Rzn n Rhimeleh) were selete. Aovegroun smples were ollete in flowering stge n the essentil oils were extrte with hyroistiltion metho. Essentil oils omposition ws etermine using GC & GC/MS. Dt nlysis ws performe y SPSS softwre, n Dunn's Multiple Rnge Test ws use for men omprison. Aoring to the otine results, the highest essentil oil ws reore for Rhimeleh (2.8 %w/w) s ompre to other hitts. The min omponents in the essentil oils were rvrol, thymol, gmm terpinen, pymen, hmphen n gernil. With inresing ltitue, the perentge of rvrol n thymol inrese signifintly. Some soil hrteristis were orrelte with the essentil oils, presente in liner regression moel. Key wors: Thymus, ltitue, soil hrteristis, essentil oils, Lorestn.

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