EGN 3353C Fluid Mechanics


 Shauna Nicholson
 2 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 Lecture 8 Bernoulli s Equation: Limitations and Applications Last time, we derived the steady form of Bernoulli s Equation along a streamline p + ρv + ρgz = P t static hydrostatic total pressure q = dynamic pressure pressure pressure o p = static pressure is the thermodynamic pressure o if there is no flow, we have a static fluid and p at a point in a static fluid total pressure form () + ρ gz is the absolute pressure one would measure o q = dynamic pressure is the kinetic energy per unit volume of a fluid element in motion divide () by ρ to get the energy/mass form p + V + gz = C ρ PE/mass flow energy/mass KE/mass divide () by ρ g density to get the form different constant for each streamline p V + + z = H elevation total ρ g g Pressure velocity Latter is often plotted in graphical form (civil engineering)
2 o line that represents p ρ g + z is called the hydraulic grade line ( HGL ) o line that represents H is called the energy grade line ( EGL ), which is always above the HGL by a distance Restrictions are. steady flow V g o there is an unsteady form that has an extra term in the equation advanced fluid dynamics o Don't use during transient startup and shutdown periods. frictionless (no losses)
3 o Every flow involves some friction, just a question of whether frictional effects may be negligible o Frictional effects are generally negligible for short flow sections with large cross sections especially at low flow velocities. o Frictional effects are usually significant in long and narrow flow passages, wake region downstream of an object, separated flows, and near solid walls where friction effects are dominant due to no slip BC. o Not applicable in a component that disturbs the streamlines and causes considerable mixing and backflow such as a sudden expansion, or a valve 3. No shaft work o not applicable across a pump, turbine, fan, or any other turbomachine o use the energy equation instead to account for the shaft work o Can usually still use the Bernoulli equation before or after the machine, but the Bernoulli constant changes across the device 4. Incompressible flow o We assumed ρ was constant usually true for liquid and lowspeed gas flows o There is a compressible form compressible fluid dynamics 5. No heat transfer
4 o not applicable in flows where there is a significant temperature change in flow o use energy equation instead 6. Flow along a streamline o Different Bernoulli constant for each streamline (recall normal direction equation tells us that pressure increases in outward normal direction along radius of curvature) o When the flow is irrotational, the vorticity ζ = V is zero in the flow and the Bernoulli constant is the same everywhere Example V = 0 Is the equation V ( P P ) stag = correct if we ρ use a Utube manometer with a fluid density V h ρ man? The density of flowing fluid is ρ. h ρ man Δh ρ man gδ h= ρv h = distance from stagnation point to static pressure tap h = height of left fluid column Δ h = difference in height of each fluid column
5 Solution Assume incompressible, steady, frictionless flow along a straight streamline from to stagnation point Bernoulli equation Ptotal = P + ρv + ρgz = Pstag + ρ Vstag ρ gzstag + so V ( stag ) P P q = =. ρ ρ Along the stagnation streamline, the flow decelerates from V to 0! Occurs over a very short distance. What is Pstag P? o The figure shows that the Δ h in the Utube corresponds to q or ρ g h man Δ = ρv o The fluid in the pitot tube is at rest, so the pressure at the top of the right fluid column is stag ( ) P + ρ g h + h +Δ h, (assuming gravity acts downward).. Is this true? o Jumping across the manometer to the other side and applying fluid statics to obtain the pressure at the interface between the fluids is ρ ( ) P = P + g h + h +Δh ρ gδ h interface stag p o Since the streamlines are straight, = 0 (no change in static pressure), there is only a change in the n hydrostatic pressure so ρ ( ) ρ ρ ( ρ ρ) ( ) P P = ρ ρ gδh ρ gδ h if ρman stag man man P P g h h P g h g h P g h = + = + Δ Δ = Δ or interface stag man stag man man ρ (valid in gases but not liquids).
6 Example Recall Example 5. stated that V = gh. Show that this is true using Bernoulli s equation. jet Solution We will follow a streamline from the free surface at the top of the tank to the jet issuing from the tank. Assume that the flow is steady, incompressible, and frictionless. P + ρv + ρgz = P + ρv + ρgz jet jet jet But P = Pjet = Patm and V 0 so ρvjet = ρg( z zjet ) = ρgh Vjet = gh
Chapter Four fluid flow mass, energy, Bernoulli and momentum
41Conservation of Mass Principle Consider a control volume of arbitrary shape, as shown in Fig (41). Figure (41): the differential control volume and differential control volume (Total mass entering
More informationvector H. If O is the point about which moments are desired, the angular moment about O is given:
The angular momentum A control volume analysis can be applied to the angular momentum, by letting B equal to angularmomentum vector H. If O is the point about which moments are desired, the angular moment
More informationObjectives. Conservation of mass principle: Mass Equation The Bernoulli equation Conservation of energy principle: Energy equation
Objectives Conservation of mass principle: Mass Equation The Bernoulli equation Conservation of energy principle: Energy equation Conservation of Mass Conservation of Mass Mass, like energy, is a conserved
More informationChapter 5: Mass, Bernoulli, and Energy Equations
Chapter 5: Mass, Bernoulli, and Energy Equations Introduction This chapter deals with 3 equations commonly used in fluid mechanics The mass equation is an expression of the conservation of mass principle.
More informationChapter 3 Bernoulli Equation
1 Bernoulli Equation 3.1 Flow Patterns: Streamlines, Pathlines, Streaklines 1) A streamline, is a line that is everywhere tangent to the velocity vector at a given instant. Examples of streamlines around
More informationChapter 5: Mass, Bernoulli, and
and Energy Equations 51 Introduction 52 Conservation of Mass 53 Mechanical Energy 54 General Energy Equation 55 Energy Analysis of Steady Flows 56 The Bernoulli Equation 51 Introduction This chapter
More information3.25 Pressure form of Bernoulli Equation
CEE 3310 Control Volume Analysis, Oct 3, 2012 83 3.24 Review The Energy Equation Q Ẇshaft = d dt CV ) (û + v2 2 + gz ρ d + (û + v2 CS 2 + gz + ) ρ( v n) da ρ where Q is the heat energy transfer rate, Ẇ
More information6.1 Momentum Equation for Frictionless Flow: Euler s Equation The equations of motion for frictionless flow, called Euler s
Chapter 6 INCOMPRESSIBLE INVISCID FLOW All real fluids possess viscosity. However in many flow cases it is reasonable to neglect the effects of viscosity. It is useful to investigate the dynamics of an
More informationChapter 7 The Energy Equation
Chapter 7 The Energy Equation 7.1 Energy, Work, and Power When matter has energy, the matter can be used to do work. A fluid can have several forms of energy. For example a fluid jet has kinetic energy,
More informationCEE 3310 Control Volume Analysis, Oct. 7, D Steady State Head Form of the Energy Equation P. P 2g + z h f + h p h s.
CEE 3310 Control Volume Analysis, Oct. 7, 2015 81 3.21 Review 1D Steady State Head Form of the Energy Equation ( ) ( ) 2g + z = 2g + z h f + h p h s out where h f is the friction head loss (which combines
More informationCEE 3310 Control Volume Analysis, Oct. 10, = dt. sys
CEE 3310 Control Volume Analysis, Oct. 10, 2018 77 3.16 Review First Law of Thermodynamics ( ) de = dt Q Ẇ sys Sign convention: Work done by the surroundings on the system < 0, example, a pump! Work done
More information2.The lines that are tangent to the velocity vectors throughout the flow field are called steady flow lines. True or False A. True B.
CHAPTER 03 1. Write Newton's second law of motion. YOUR ANSWER: F = ma 2.The lines that are tangent to the velocity vectors throughout the flow field are called steady flow lines. True or False 3.Streamwise
More informationAngular momentum equation
Angular momentum equation For angular momentum equation, B =H O the angular momentum vector about point O which moments are desired. Where β is The Reynolds transport equation can be written as follows:
More informationFLUID MECHANICS. Chapter 3 Elementary Fluid Dynamics  The Bernoulli Equation
FLUID MECHANICS Chapter 3 Elementary Fluid Dynamics  The Bernoulli Equation CHAP 3. ELEMENTARY FLUID DYNAMICS  THE BERNOULLI EQUATION CONTENTS 3. Newton s Second Law 3. F = ma along a Streamline 3.3
More informationStream Tube. When density do not depend explicitly on time then from continuity equation, we have V 2 V 1. δa 2. δa 1 PH6L24 1
Stream Tube A region of the moving fluid bounded on the all sides by streamlines is called a tube of flow or stream tube. As streamline does not intersect each other, no fluid enters or leaves across the
More informationChapter (6) Energy Equation and Its Applications
Chapter (6) Energy Equation and Its Applications Bernoulli Equation Bernoulli equation is one of the most useful equations in fluid mechanics and hydraulics. And it s a statement of the principle of conservation
More informationThe Bernoulli Equation
The Bernoulli Equation The most used and the most abused equation in fluid mechanics. Newton s Second Law: F = ma In general, most real flows are 3D, unsteady (x, y, z, t; r,θ, z, t; etc) Let consider
More informationLesson 6 Review of fundamentals: Fluid flow
Lesson 6 Review of fundamentals: Fluid flow The specific objective of this lesson is to conduct a brief review of the fundamentals of fluid flow and present: A general equation for conservation of mass
More informationMASS, MOMENTUM, AND ENERGY EQUATIONS
MASS, MOMENTUM, AND ENERGY EQUATIONS This chapter deals with four equations commonly used in fluid mechanics: the mass, Bernoulli, Momentum and energy equations. The mass equation is an expression of the
More information3.8 The First Law of Thermodynamics and the Energy Equation
CEE 3310 Control Volume Analysis, Sep 30, 2011 65 Review Conservation of angular momentum 1D form ( r F )ext = [ˆ ] ( r v)d + ( r v) out ṁ out ( r v) in ṁ in t CV 3.8 The First Law of Thermodynamics and
More informationPressure in stationary and moving fluid Lab Lab On On Chip: Lecture 2
Pressure in stationary and moving fluid LabOnChip: Lecture Lecture plan what is pressure e and how it s distributed in static fluid water pressure in engineering problems buoyancy y and archimedes law;
More informationRate of Flow Quantity of fluid passing through any section (area) per unit time
Kinematics of Fluid Flow Kinematics is the science which deals with study of motion of liquids without considering the forces causing the motion. Rate of Flow Quantity of fluid passing through any section
More informationBasic Fluid Mechanics
Basic Fluid Mechanics Chapter 5: Application of Bernoulli Equation 4/16/2018 C5: Application of Bernoulli Equation 1 5.1 Introduction In this chapter we will show that the equation of motion of a particle
More informationUseful concepts associated with the Bernoulli equation. Dynamic
Useful concets associated with the Bernoulli equation  Static, Stagnation, and Dynamic Pressures Bernoulli eq. along a streamline + ρ v + γ z = constant (Unit of Pressure Static (Thermodynamic Dynamic
More informationHOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT ON BERNOULLI S EQUATION
AMEE 0 Introduction to Fluid Mechanics Instructor: Marios M. Fyrillas Email: m.fyrillas@frederick.ac.cy HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT ON BERNOULLI S EQUATION. Conventional sprayguns operate by achieving a low pressure
More informationBERNOULLI EQUATION. The motion of a fluid is usually extremely complex.
BERNOULLI EQUATION The motion of a fluid is usually extremely complex. The study of a fluid at rest, or in relative equilibrium, was simplified by the absence of shear stress, but when a fluid flows over
More informationFor example an empty bucket weighs 2.0kg. After 7 seconds of collecting water the bucket weighs 8.0kg, then:
Hydraulic Coefficient & Flow Measurements ELEMENTARY HYDRAULICS National Certificate in Technology (Civil Engineering) Chapter 3 1. Mass flow rate If we want to measure the rate at which water is flowing
More informationM E 320 Professor John M. Cimbala Lecture 05
M E 320 Professor John M. Cimbala Lecture 05 Today, we will: Continue Chapter 3 Pressure and Fluid Statics Discuss applications of fluid statics (barometers and Utube manometers) Do some example problems
More informationFLUID MECHANICS. Dynamics of Viscous Fluid Flow in Closed Pipe: DarcyWeisbach equation for flow in pipes. Major and minor losses in pipe lines.
FLUID MECHANICS Dynamics of iscous Fluid Flow in Closed Pipe: DarcyWeisbach equation for flow in pipes. Major and minor losses in pipe lines. Dr. Mohsin Siddique Assistant Professor Steady Flow Through
More informationDetailed Outline, M E 320 Fluid Flow, Spring Semester 2015
Detailed Outline, M E 320 Fluid Flow, Spring Semester 2015 I. Introduction (Chapters 1 and 2) A. What is Fluid Mechanics? 1. What is a fluid? 2. What is mechanics? B. Classification of Fluid Flows 1. Viscous
More informationFLOW MEASUREMENT IN PIPES EXPERIMENT
University of Leicester Engineering Department FLOW MEASUREMENT IN PIPES EXPERIMENT Page 1 FORMAL LABORATORY REPORT Name of the experiment: FLOW MEASUREMENT IN PIPES Author: Apollin nana chaazou Partner
More informationFluid Mechanics61341
AnNajah National University College of Engineering Fluid Mechanics61341 Chapter [5] Flow of An Incompressible Fluid Dr. Sameer Shadeed 1 Fluid Mechanics2nd Semester 2010 [5] Flow of An Incompressible
More informationChapter Two. Basic Thermodynamics, Fluid Mechanics: Definitions of Efficiency. Laith Batarseh
Chapter Two Basic Thermodynamics, Fluid Mechanics: Definitions of Efficiency Laith Batarseh The equation of continuity Most analyses in this book are limited to onedimensional steady flows where the velocity
More informationPart A: 1 pts each, 10 pts total, no partial credit.
Part A: 1 pts each, 10 pts total, no partial credit. 1) (Correct: 1 pt/ Wrong: 3 pts). The sum of static, dynamic, and hydrostatic pressures is constant when flow is steady, irrotational, incompressible,
More informationCLASS Fourth Units (Second part)
CLASS Fourth Units (Second part) Energy analysis of closed systems Copyright The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. MOVING BOUNDARY WORK Moving boundary work (P
More informationWhere does Bernoulli's Equation come from?
Where does Bernoulli's Equation come from? Introduction By now, you have seen the following equation many times, using it to solve simple fluid problems. P ρ + v + gz = constant (along a streamline) This
More informationUnit C1: List of Subjects
Unit C: List of Subjects The elocity Field The Acceleration Field The Material or Substantial Derivative Steady Flow and Streamlines Fluid Particle in a Flow Field F=ma along a Streamline Bernoulli s
More informationPressure in stationary and moving fluid. LabOnChip: Lecture 2
Pressure in stationary and moving fluid LabOnChip: Lecture Fluid Statics No shearing stress.no relative movement between adjacent fluid particles, i.e. static or moving as a single block Pressure at
More informationm V DEFINITION OF MASS DENSITY The mass density of a substance is the mass of a substance divided by its volume: SI Unit of Mass Density: kg/m 3
Chapter 11 Fluids 11.1 Mass Density DEFINITION OF MASS DENSITY The mass density of a substance is the mass of a substance divided by its volume: ρ m V SI Unit of Mass Density: kg/m 3 11.1 Mass Density
More informationNicholas J. Giordano. Chapter 10 Fluids
Nicholas J. Giordano www.cengage.com/physics/giordano Chapter 10 Fluids Fluids A fluid may be either a liquid or a gas Some characteristics of a fluid Flows from one place to another Shape varies according
More informationNPTEL Quiz Hydraulics
Introduction NPTEL Quiz Hydraulics 1. An ideal fluid is a. One which obeys Newton s law of viscosity b. Frictionless and incompressible c. Very viscous d. Frictionless and compressible 2. The unit of kinematic
More informationMass of fluid leaving per unit time
5 ENERGY EQUATION OF FLUID MOTION 5.1 Eulerian Approach & Control Volume In order to develop the equations that describe a flow, it is assumed that fluids are subject to certain fundamental laws of physics.
More informationFundamentals of Fluid Mechanics
Sixth Edition Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics International Student Version BRUCE R. MUNSON DONALD F. YOUNG Department of Aerospace Engineering and Engineering Mechanics THEODORE H. OKIISHI Department
More informationQ1 Give answers to all of the following questions (5 marks each):
FLUID MECHANICS First Year Exam Solutions 03 Q Give answers to all of the following questions (5 marks each): (a) A cylinder of m in diameter is made with material of relative density 0.5. It is moored
More informationBasics of fluid flow. Types of flow. Fluid Ideal/Real Compressible/Incompressible
Basics of fluid flow Types of flow Fluid Ideal/Real Compressible/Incompressible Flow Steady/Unsteady Uniform/Nonuniform Laminar/Turbulent Pressure/Gravity (free surface) 1 Basics of fluid flow (Chapter
More informationPhy 212: General Physics II. Daniel Bernoulli ( )
Phy 1: General Physics II Chapter 14: Fluids Lecture Notes Daniel Bernoulli (1700178) Swiss merchant, doctor & mathematician Worked on: Vibrating strings Ocean tides Kinetic theory Demonstrated that as
More informationIf a stream of uniform velocity flows into a blunt body, the stream lines take a pattern similar to this: Streamlines around a blunt body
Venturimeter & Orificemeter ELEMENTARY HYDRAULICS National Certificate in Technology (Civil Engineering) Chapter 5 Applications of the Bernoulli Equation The Bernoulli equation can be applied to a great
More informationDimensions represent classes of units we use to describe a physical quantity. Most fluid problems involve four primary dimensions
BEE 5330 Fluids FE Review, Feb 24, 2010 1 A fluid is a substance that can not support a shear stress. Liquids differ from gasses in that liquids that do not completely fill a container will form a free
More informationSYSTEMS VS. CONTROL VOLUMES. Control volume CV (open system): Arbitrary geometric space, surrounded by control surfaces (CS)
SYSTEMS VS. CONTROL VOLUMES System (closed system): Predefined mass m, surrounded by a system boundary Control volume CV (open system): Arbitrary geometric space, surrounded by control surfaces (CS) Many
More informationME3560 Tentative Schedule Spring 2019
ME3560 Tentative Schedule Spring 2019 Week Number Date Lecture Topics Covered Prior to Lecture Read Section Assignment Prep Problems for Prep Probs. Must be Solved by 1 Monday 1/7/2019 1 Introduction to
More informationFluid Statics. Pressure. Pressure
Pressure Fluid Statics Variation of Pressure with Position in a Fluid Measurement of Pressure Hydrostatic Thrusts on Submerged Surfaces Plane Surfaces Curved Surfaces ddendum First and Second Moment of
More information10.52 Mechanics of Fluids Spring 2006 Problem Set 3
10.52 Mechanics of Fluids Spring 2006 Problem Set 3 Problem 1 Mass transfer studies involving the transport of a solute from a gas to a liquid often involve the use of a laminar jet of liquid. The situation
More informationLecture 3 The energy equation
Lecture 3 The energy equation Dr Tim Gough: t.gough@bradford.ac.uk General information Lab groups now assigned Timetable up to week 6 published Is there anyone not yet on the list? Week 3 Week 4 Week 5
More informationFluid Mechanics c) Orificemeter a) Viscous force, Turbulence force, Compressible force a) Turbulence force c) Integration d) The flow is rotational
Fluid Mechanics 1. Which is the cheapest device for measuring flow / discharge rate. a) Venturimeter b) Pitot tube c) Orificemeter d) None of the mentioned 2. Which forces are neglected to obtain Euler
More informationPhysics 201 Chapter 13 Lecture 1
Physics 201 Chapter 13 Lecture 1 Fluid Statics Pascal s Principle Archimedes Principle (Buoyancy) Fluid Dynamics Continuity Equation Bernoulli Equation 11/30/2009 Physics 201, UWMadison 1 Fluids Density
More informationME3560 Tentative Schedule Fall 2018
ME3560 Tentative Schedule Fall 2018 Week Number 1 Wednesday 8/29/2018 1 Date Lecture Topics Covered Introduction to course, syllabus and class policies. Math Review. Differentiation. Prior to Lecture Read
More informationFluid Mechanics Qualifying Examination Sample Exam 2
Fluid Mechanics Qualifying Examination Sample Exam 2 Allotted Time: 3 Hours The exam is closed book and closed notes. Students are allowed one (doublesided) formula sheet. There are five questions on
More informationSteven Burian Civil & Environmental Engineering September 25, 2013
Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) Exam Mechanics Steven Burian Civil & Environmental Engineering September 25, 2013 s and FE Morning ( Mechanics) A. Flow measurement 7% of FE Morning B. properties Session
More informationLecture23. Flowmeter Design.
Lecture23 Flowmeter Design. Contents of lecture Design of flowmeter Principles of flow measurement; i) Venturi and ii) Orifice meter and nozzle Relationship between flow rate and pressure drop Relation
More informationCLASS SCHEDULE 2013 FALL
CLASS SCHEDULE 2013 FALL Class # or Lab # 1 Date Aug 26 2 28 Important Concepts (Section # in Text Reading, Lecture note) Examples/Lab Activities Definition fluid; continuum hypothesis; fluid properties
More informationV (r,t) = i ˆ u( x, y,z,t) + ˆ j v( x, y,z,t) + k ˆ w( x, y, z,t)
IV. DIFFERENTIAL RELATIONS FOR A FLUID PARTICLE This chapter presents the development and application of the basic differential equations of fluid motion. Simplifications in the general equations and common
More informationChapter 5. Mass and Energy Analysis of Control Volumes
Chapter 5 Mass and Energy Analysis of Control Volumes Conservation Principles for Control volumes The conservation of mass and the conservation of energy principles for open systems (or control volumes)
More informationChapter 14. Lecture 1 Fluid Mechanics. Dr. Armen Kocharian
Chapter 14 Lecture 1 Fluid Mechanics Dr. Armen Kocharian States of Matter Solid Has a definite volume and shape Liquid Has a definite volume but not a definite shape Gas unconfined Has neither a definite
More informationFluids. Fluids in Motion or Fluid Dynamics
Fluids Fluids in Motion or Fluid Dynamics Resources: Serway  Chapter 9: 9.79.8 Physics B Lesson 3: Fluid Flow Continuity Physics B Lesson 4: Bernoulli's Equation MIT  8: Hydrostatics, Archimedes' Principle,
More informationExperiment (4): Flow measurement
Experiment (4): Flow measurement Introduction: The flow measuring apparatus is used to familiarize the students with typical methods of flow measurement of an incompressible fluid and, at the same time
More informationFluid Mechanics. du dy
FLUID MECHANICS Technical English  I 1 th week Fluid Mechanics FLUID STATICS FLUID DYNAMICS Fluid Statics or Hydrostatics is the study of fluids at rest. The main equation required for this is Newton's
More informationPressure in a fluid P P P P
Fluids Gases (compressible) and liquids (incompressible) density of gases can change dramatically, while that of liquids much less so Gels, colloids, liquid crystals are all oddball states of matter We
More informationFE Fluids Review March 23, 2012 Steve Burian (Civil & Environmental Engineering)
Topic: Fluid Properties 1. If 6 m 3 of oil weighs 47 kn, calculate its specific weight, density, and specific gravity. 2. 10.0 L of an incompressible liquid exert a force of 20 N at the earth s surface.
More informationNPTEL Course Developer for Fluid Mechanics DYMAMICS OF FLUID FLOW
Module 04; Lecture DYMAMICS OF FLUID FLOW Energy Equation (Conservation of Energy) In words, the conservation of energy can be stated as, Time rate of increase in stored energy of the system = Net time
More informationV/ t = 0 p/ t = 0 ρ/ t = 0. V/ s = 0 p/ s = 0 ρ/ s = 0
UNIT III FLOW THROUGH PIPES 1. List the types of fluid flow. Steady and unsteady flow Uniform and nonuniform flow Laminar and Turbulent flow Compressible and incompressible flow Rotational and irrotational
More informationLecture 30 (Walker: ) Fluid Dynamics April 15, 2009
Physics 111 Lecture 30 (Walker: 15.67) Fluid Dynamics April 15, 2009 Midterm #2  Monday April 20 Chap. 7,Chap. 8 (not 8.5) Chap. 9 (not 9.6, 9.8) Chap. 10, Chap. 11 (not 11.89) Chap. 13 (not 13.68)
More information2 Internal Fluid Flow
Internal Fluid Flow.1 Definitions Fluid Dynamics The study of fluids in motion. Static Pressure The pressure at a given point exerted by the static head of the fluid present directly above that point.
More informationChapter 4 DYNAMICS OF FLUID FLOW
Faculty Of Engineering at Shobra nd Year Civil  016 Chapter 4 DYNAMICS OF FLUID FLOW 41 Types of Energy 4 Euler s Equation 43 Bernoulli s Equation 44 Total Energy Line (TEL) and Hydraulic Grade Line
More informationTOPICS. Density. Pressure. Variation of Pressure with Depth. Pressure Measurements. Buoyant ForcesArchimedes Principle
Lecture 6 Fluids TOPICS Density Pressure Variation of Pressure with Depth Pressure Measurements Buoyant ForcesArchimedes Principle Surface Tension ( External source ) Viscosity ( External source ) Equation
More informationLecture 2 Flow classifications and continuity
Lecture 2 Flow classifications and continuity Dr Tim Gough: t.gough@bradford.ac.uk General information 1 No tutorial week 3 3 rd October 2013 this Thursday. Attempt tutorial based on examples from today
More informationCHAPTER 3 BASIC EQUATIONS IN FLUID MECHANICS NOOR ALIZA AHMAD
CHAPTER 3 BASIC EQUATIONS IN FLUID MECHANICS 1 INTRODUCTION Flow often referred as an ideal fluid. We presume that such a fluid has no viscosity. However, this is an idealized situation that does not exist.
More informationChapter 11. Fluids. continued
Chapter 11 Fluids continued 11.2 Pressure Pressure is the amount of force acting on an area: Example 2 The Force on a Swimmer P = F A SI unit: N/m 2 (1 Pa = 1 N/m 2 ) Suppose the pressure acting on the
More informationTurbomachinery. Hasan Ozcan Assistant Professor. Mechanical Engineering Department Faculty of Engineering Karabuk University
Turbomachinery Hasan Ozcan Assistant Professor Mechanical Engineering Department Faculty of Engineering Karabuk University Introduction Hasan Ozcan, Ph.D, (Assistant Professor) B.Sc :Erciyes University,
More informationThermodynamics ENGR360MEP112 LECTURE 7
Thermodynamics ENGR360MEP11 LECTURE 7 Thermodynamics ENGR360/MEP11 Objectives: 1. Conservation of mass principle.. Conservation of energy principle applied to control volumes (first law of thermodynamics).
More informationStudy fluid dynamics. Understanding Bernoulli s Equation.
Chapter Objectives Study fluid dynamics. Understanding Bernoulli s Equation. Chapter Outline 1. Fluid Flow. Bernoulli s Equation 3. Viscosity and Turbulence 1. Fluid Flow An ideal fluid is a fluid that
More information4 Mechanics of Fluids (I)
1. The x and y components of velocity for a twodimensional flow are u = 3.0 ft/s and v = 9.0x ft/s where x is in feet. Determine the equation for the streamlines and graph representative streamlines in
More informationChapter 5 Mass, Bernoulli, and Energy Equations Chapter 5 MASS, BERNOULLI, AND ENERGY EQUATIONS
Chapter 5 MASS, BERNOULLI, AND ENERGY EQUATIONS Conservation of Mass 5C Mass, energy, momentum, and electric charge are conserved, and volume and entropy are not conserved during a process. 5C Mass flow
More informationIn which of the following scenarios is applying the following form of Bernoulli s equation: steady, inviscid, uniform stream of water. Ma = 0.
bernoulli_11 In which of the following scenarios is applying the following form of Bernoulli s equation: p V z constant! g + g + = from point 1 to point valid? a. 1 stagnant column of water steady, inviscid,
More informationB.E/B.Tech/M.E/M.Tech : Chemical Engineering Regulation: 2016 PG Specialisation : NA Sub. Code / Sub. Name : CH16304 FLUID MECHANICS Unit : I
Department of Chemical Engineering B.E/B.Tech/M.E/M.Tech : Chemical Engineering Regulation: 2016 PG Specialisation : NA Sub. Code / Sub. Name : CH16304 FLUID MECHANICS Unit : I LP: CH 16304 Rev. No: 00
More informationENGINEERING FLUID MECHANICS. CHAPTER 1 Properties of Fluids
CHAPTER 1 Properties of Fluids ENGINEERING FLUID MECHANICS 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Development of Fluid Mechanics 1.3 Units of Measurement (SI units) 1.4 Mass, Density, Specific Weight, Specific Volume, Specific
More informationPhysics 201 Chapter 13 Lecture 1
Physics 201 Chapter 13 Lecture 1 Fluid Statics Pascal s Principle Archimedes Principle (Buoyancy) Fluid Dynamics Continuity Equation Bernoulli Equation 11/30/2009 Physics 201, UWMadison 1 Fluids Density
More information1 st Law Analysis of Control Volume (open system) Chapter 6
1 st Law Analysis of Control Volume (open system) Chapter 6 In chapter 5, we did 1st law analysis for a control mass (closed system). In this chapter the analysis of the 1st law will be on a control volume
More informationApplied Thermodynamics for Marine Systems Prof. P. K. Das Department of Mechanical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
Applied Thermodynamics for Marine Systems Prof. P. K. Das Department of Mechanical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur Lecture No  03 First Law of Thermodynamics (Open System) Good afternoon,
More informationEXPERIMENT No.1 FLOW MEASUREMENT BY ORIFICEMETER
EXPERIMENT No.1 FLOW MEASUREMENT BY ORIFICEMETER 1.1 AIM: To determine the coefficient of discharge of the orifice meter 1.2 EQUIPMENTS REQUIRED: Orifice meter test rig, Stopwatch 1.3 PREPARATION 1.3.1
More informations and FE X. A. Flow measurement B. properties C. statics D. impulse, and momentum equations E. Pipe and other internal flow 7% of FE Morning Session I
Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) Exam General Section Steven Burian Civil & Environmental Engineering October 26, 2010 s and FE X. A. Flow measurement B. properties C. statics D. impulse, and momentum
More informationModeling and Analysis of Dynamic Systems
Modeling and Analysis of Dynamic Systems Dr. Guillaume Ducard Fall 2017 Institute for Dynamic Systems and Control ETH Zurich, Switzerland G. Ducard c 1 / 34 Outline 1 Lecture 7: Recall on Thermodynamics
More informationAnswers to questions in each section should be tied together and handed in separately.
EGT0 ENGINEERING TRIPOS PART IA Wednesday 4 June 014 9 to 1 Paper 1 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING Answer all questions. The approximate number of marks allocated to each part of a question is indicated in the
More information5 ENERGY EQUATION OF FLUID MOTION
5 ENERGY EQUATION OF FLUID MOTION 5.1 Introduction In order to develop the equations that describe a flow, it is assumed that fluids are subject to certain fundamental laws of physics. The pertinent laws
More informationME332 FLUID MECHANICS LABORATORY (PART II)
ME332 FLUID MECHANICS LABORATORY (PART II) Mihir Sen Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering University of Notre Dame Notre Dame, IN 46556 Version: April 2, 2002 Contents Unit 5: Momentum transfer
More informationIn steady flow the velocity of the fluid particles at any point is constant as time passes.
Chapter 10 Fluids Fluids in Motion In steady flow the velocity of the fluid particles at any point is constant as time passes. Unsteady flow exists whenever the velocity of the fluid particles at a point
More informationUniversity of Engineering and Technology, Taxila. Department of Civil Engineering
University of Engineering and Technology, Taxila Department of Civil Engineering Course Title: CE201 Fluid Mechanics  I Prerequisite(s): None Credit Hours: 2 + 1 Contact Hours: 2 + 3 Text Book(s): Reference
More informationIntroduction to Fluid Machines, and Compressible Flow Prof. S. K. Som Department of Mechanical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
Introduction to Fluid Machines, and Compressible Flow Prof. S. K. Som Department of Mechanical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur Lecture  09 Introduction to Reaction Type of Hydraulic
More informationLecture 27 (Walker: ) Fluid Dynamics Nov. 9, 2009
Physics 111 Lecture 27 (Walker: 15.57) Fluid Dynamics Nov. 9, 2009 Midterm #2  Monday Nov. 16 Chap. 7,Chap. 8 (not 8.5) Chap. 9 (not 9.6, 9.8) Chap. 10, Chap. 11 (not 11.89) Chap. 13 (not 13.68) Chap.
More informationAerodynamics. Basic Aerodynamics. Continuity equation (mass conserved) Some thermodynamics. Energy equation (energy conserved)
Flow with no friction (inviscid) Aerodynamics Basic Aerodynamics Continuity equation (mass conserved) Flow with friction (viscous) Momentum equation (F = ma) 1. Euler s equation 2. Bernoulli s equation
More informationPage 1. Neatly print your name: Signature: (Note that unsigned exams will be given a score of zero.)
Page 1 Neatly print your name: Signature: (Note that unsigned exams will be given a score of zero.) Circle your lecture section (1 point if not circled, or circled incorrectly): Prof. Vlachos Prof. Ardekani
More information