2 F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn

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10 1. Annual Report Akv-X-an- m-ø a-\p-jy-p- -ß-ƒ kz]vt\m hßfmw ticf`wknbpw simfp pae... ] nal Øns kuμcydmwn! shfn amip Adnhv Rm\pw \obpw _meyimekjn hnclw th\ Iemebm\p`h߃ tsm- v sssw PohnX kahmiyw tim-bn t_m-ivkv ImWm n\mhv Hcn IqSn Ahfp-sS Hm -ΩIƒ ]q mh\øn Rm Iem-e-b-h -Æ-߃ hn{i-a-po-hn-xw kp-μ- -cam- p-hm Fs agøp n v B[p\nI kaqlhpw \jvss Sp am\hniaqeyßfpw kulrzøn Hm ΩIfn imcni n aecwn mspifpss acxiim n BZym\pcmKw C\nsb nepw ImØncn v lrzbcmkw kz]v\]pjv]w timtfpv bqwnb dnt m v Xncn dnbmsx \n Hm Ωbn lrzbcmkw \mjw k Δokv kviow dnt m v \n\ mbv Ccp- n-s h-gn-bn asßpw ap -]v F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 37. Who is a Dreamer? Rain in my Life Problem of Unemployment Women Rights in India Physical Education - Report Icon - Activity Report My father Good Character Cultivate Something New-Optimism Time Winning and Losing The Face in the Pond A series of moments A Dirge before I Die The Three Important Things... 77

11 Distinguished Guests, Dear colleagues, and beloved students, Let me at the outset extend to you all the hearty welcome on this occasion and I present before you the annual report for the academic year Commencement of the academic year Education is not merely imparting knowledge, assimilating information from printed materials, and being partially successful. Infact education should address the overall requirements necessary to groom a student, making totally and all embracingly successful accepting victories and failures in life. He must be also personally dedicated and socially committed. The college reopened on 3 rd june 2013 with the functioning of senior classes. Admission to first year classes could be completed by the month of August. Faculty and infrastructure At present we have a total strength of 600 students in the roll. The college faculty consisting of 30 teachers including Principal and 11 members on the non teaching section.the selfless service of both teaching and non teaching staff help the smooth functioning of college with proper understanding and appreciation. MSc. Electronics and BCom with Co-Operation are two new courses sanctioned by the Government in aided sector. The classes will commence in the beginning of next academic year. A network resource centre has also launched this year for our students to avail internet facility. Academic Achievements: Students appeared for Bachelor Degree examination held at March Pass percentage as follows:- BBA - 95% BCA - 97% BSc Electronics - 82% BCom - 89% Proficency If the meritorious once are recognized publicaly it will be a boost to them and will be an inspiration to similar aspirants.the current year s proficiency holders are as follows. BBA Ms. Jikky George BCA Ms. Greeshma M S BSC ELECTRONICS Mr. Jose Abraham BCom Ms. Chinju Augustine Mr. Akhil Vinayan and Ms. Vishnupriya G of final year BCA were selected by Wipro Limited, in campus selection held at Marian College Kuttikanam. F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 11

12 Moments of fame and glory Hostel Inauguration Hon ble General Secretary, Nair Service Society, Sri G Sukumaran Nair handed over the key of new ladies hostel building to Principal Dr. K N Viswanathan Nair in the occasion of Nair Maha Sammelanam held at Kattappana on January 14 th Magazine Award Our college magazine MIST was awarded consolation prize for the Best Magazine Award organized by Students Service Department M G University. Staff Editor Prof Baby Girija and Student Editor Ms. Asha Mary Thomas received certificates and mementos from Dr. A V George, Hon ble Vice Chancellor Of M G University. State level and National level Seminars and Workshops were organized by each department and various department level competitions were also held. National Service Scheme The National Service Scheme unit has 104 volunteers. Mini camps, 7 day camp at college campus, participation in leadership camps,social service etc were some of their activities this time.prof Manesh S and Prof Bijukumar S P are the program co-ordinators. Parents Teacher s Association The Parent s Teacher s Association is working to improve the academic facilities of students in the campus. Involvement of the parents is essential for the progress of an educational institution and supportive. P T A backs us in all our endeavours. P T A executive members met at regular intervals to discuss the various developments of the college. The present PTA executive members are: 1) Mr.Joy Kunnumpurathu 2) Mr. N.N Muraleedharan Nair 3) Ms.Ragini Balakrishnan 4) Mr. K.A Vijayan 5) Mr.Baby P.P Faculty Representatives: Prof. Sreekumar.B Prof. Sunil Kumar K.V Prof. Manesh.S Prof. Rajesh M.G Prof. Dr. Ajitha R.S 12 F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn Extra Carricular Activities Our college union conducted many activities in the current year.college union inauguration was done by famous film director Sri. Marthandan and Arts club was inaugurated by comedy stars, shining stars of comedy reality show (Vodafone Comedy Stars) in Asianet channel. Cultural programs of our students were also there. Festivals and Celebrations We celebrated national and regional festivals to make the youth aware of our country s past and present cultural unity. Onam and Christmas were celebrated and well co- ordinated by our efficient faculty members. Sports and games Our college team won the Overall championship in the Iddukki District Taekwondo Championship at Adimali in August This year our Taekwondo team became overall runner up in the MG University championship winning 3 Gold, 1 Silver and 3 Bronze medals in the MG University Championship held at SA College, Edathua. Three of our students, Kiran T Joseph (III BSc), Athira PB (III BSc) and Ashil PJ (I BCA) participated in the All India Inter University Taekwondo Championship held at Chennai, representing MG University. Our girls Kabaddi team won Fourth place in the MG University championship held at BCM College, Kottayam. Alumni Meet It is heart rendering to see the coming together of old students. A meeting was organized on March 16 th to meet their friends and teachers.also the major highlight in the function was Gurupooja. Former Principals of our college gathered together and shared their experience and they were honoured in that occasion. Conclusion I owe my sincere thanks to my teachers, non teaching faculty and my students in making this year a memorable one, especially teaching and non teaching faculty for their tireless and dedicated service. Once again I thank all and let me submit this report. Thaking You, Dr. K N Viswanathan Nair

13 Akv-X-an- m-ø a-\p-jy-p- -ß-ƒ... a-\p-jy-a\- v F- p-]-d-bp -Xv a- p- Po-h-Pm-e-ß-fn \n- pw th-dn- p-\n - p- H- mwv, Imc-Ww hn-hn-[-ßfm-b I-gn-hp-I-fp-sS D-d-hn-S-am-W-Xv. F m a-\p-jy-a-\- p-i-fnepw Hmtcm C-Xn-lm-k-kq-cy I-Øn-Pz-en- p- p- v. A-h-bn Nn-e-Xp-am-{X-am-Wv tem-i-p-\-x-bv- p ap-ºn D-Zn- p-b-cp- Xv. I-gn- h -j-øn-s A-h-km-\w h-tcbpw [m-cm-fw C-Xn-lm-k-ß-tfbpw A-h \ -In-b {]-tnm-z-\-ß-fpw \mw Im-Wp-Ibpw A-\p-`-hn- p-i-bpw sn-bvxp. C-hn-sS \mw Nn- n- p- -Xv 2013 se Nn-e C-Xn-lm-k-ß-sf- - n-bmwv. N-cn-{X-\m-b-I s\ -k a-t -e, 22 hm-c a-æn \n- pw P- -sa-sp-ø A- p-x a-\p-jy k- n sx -Up, A-h-Im-i-Øn-\p-th- n t]m-cm-sp- bp-h-c- w aem-e bqk-^v km-bn. A-kv-X-an- mø t]m-cm- hocyw C-cp- `q-j-fi-øn-te-bv- v k-a-xz-øn-t bpw k-am-[m-\-øn-t bpw \ho-\ B-i-b-߃ ]-I psim-sp-ø, B-{^n- F- m-ehpw _-lp-am-\n- p- I-cp-Øp-, N- p-d- p- ka-c-t]m-cm-fnbm-b s\ -k at -e C-\n A-kv-X-an- m-ø kq-cy-\m-bn N-cn-{X- Øn-s N-{I-hm-f-ß-fn F-s pw H-cm-th-im- nbm-bn I-Øn-Pz-en- pw. h -Æ-hn-th-N-\-Øn-t bpw A- k-a-xz-øn-t bpw ]n-sn-bn-e-a - v sr-c-pßn-s m- ncp- B-{^n- P-\X-sb Xym-K-]q- -Æam-b k-a-cß-fn-eq-ss hn-tam-n-\-øn-te-bv- p \-bn- [o-c-tbm- t\m_nƒ tpmkv S4 BSc Electronics m-hm-bn-cp- p s\ -k a-t -e. a-\p-jym-h-im-i- Øn-\p-th- nbpw k-axz-øn-\p-th- nbpw ho-tdm-ss s]m-cpxn-b B-{^n- P-\-X-bp-sS ho-c-]p-{x I - Ωw sim- v tem-i-øn-s ]p-{x-\m-bn am-dn. Z- n-wm-{^n- -bn-se I-dp-Ø h - - m-sc A- m -Øn-Uv F- `-c-w-hy-h-ÿ-bn-eq-ss k-aq-l- Øn \n- pw A-I- n-\n -Øn-b-t mƒ Cu ]m -izh - -cn- -s - P-\-X-bp-sS i- -am-bn a-t -e am-dp- I-bm-bn-cp p. Km- n-b B-Z -i-ß-sf ]n- p-s - Cu a-lm-flm-hv sh- - m-sc X-ß-fp-sS C-S-bn \n- pw A-I- p-hm-\ {i-an- Xv, a-dn- I-dp-Ø-h-s\ pw sh-fp-ø-h-s\- p-ap- A-Xn \o- n km-tlm-zcy- -Ønt bpw k-a-xz-øn-t -bpw N-ß-e-Iƒ sim- v Zr-Vam n-b H-cp ]pxnb tem-i-sø-bm-wv kr- n- p-hm {i-an- Xv. sh- - m-sc sh-dp- m-sx h -Æ-hn-th-N\- sø sh-dp-ø a-lm. h -Æ-sh-dn-bp-tSbpw A-k-a-Xz-Øn-t bpw Nne- n-h-e-iƒ- n-s-bn -s - v A- -Im-c-Øn-te-bv- v \oßn-s m- n-cp- H-cp P-\-X-bp-sS C-S-bn-te-bv- v k- am-[m-\-øn-s B-i-b-ß-fp-am-bn C-d-ßn-s - a-t e-sb- m-øv k-am-[m-\-øn-s t\m-t_ ]p-c-kv-imcw h-sc FØn. I-dp-Ø P-\-X-bp-sS c- w sim- v \-Zn-Iƒ Np-h- n- p-ibpw Im -\q- m- n-te-sd- m-ew X-s P-bn-en-e-S-bv- p-i-bpw snbv-x `-c-w-iq-sønt\m-sv tcm-jw D- m-bn-cp-s - nepw H-cn- epw Ahsc A-t±-lw sh-dp-øn-cp- n. P-\m-[n-]-Xy-k-aq-lw F- k- -sø Xmtem-en- p-ibpw AØ-c-sam-cp k-aq-l-øn Po-hn- p-hm\pw B-{K-ln- a-t -e, Xm k-l-\-k-a-c-ßfn-eq-ss B - n- I-cp-Øn-eq-sS H-cp k-aq-l-sø- F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 13

14 v bm-si P-\m-[n-]Xyw F- A-Xn-a-l-Øm-b A-\p-`h-Øn-te-bv- p \-bn p. ]m-]nbm-b a-\p-jy-s\ c- n- p-hm ssz-h-]p-{x ]-c-a-xymkn-bm-bn Xo - Xpt]m-se h -Æ-hn-th-N-\-Øn-t bpw A- m -Øn-Uv `- c-w-hy-h-ÿ-bn-eq-tsbpw X-ß-fp-sS kzxzw \- -am nb H-cp P-\X-sb tam-n-\-øn-s sim-sp-ap-sn-iƒ I- b n-b B-{^n- -bp-ss {]n-b-]p-{x. X-s P-\-߃- {In - v hn-kva-bw s]bv-sxm-gn-bp-tºmƒ D-Zn- v 24 h -jw sim- v ]q -Æ-X-bn-seØn, Xo- p-h- n-s {]-`snm-cn- v {In p temiøp \n v A-kv-X-an m-s\m-cp-ßp- kq-cy, A-Xm-bn-cp- p 2013 \-hw-_ 14 \v hm -tu tã-un-b-øn \mw I- k- n. c- -c ]-Xn- m- p-iƒ Ifn-ssa-Xm\-Øv hnkv-a-bw Xo -Ø Cu \m -]-Øn-\m-ep-Im- -c _m- nw-kv temi-sø A-Xp-ey-{]-X-n-`-bmbn. {In- - n-s\ H-cp hnt\m-z-sa- -Xn-ep]-cn Po-hn-X-sa- v Xn-cn- -dn- C- y {In - v t{]-an-iƒ H-tc kz-c-øn B-th-itØm-sS hn-fn- p ]-d p, {In - v R-ß-fp-sS a-x-sa- n ssz-hw k- n Xs. {In- - n X-s A-ctßb w Ip-dn- -Xn-\p-tijw Cu a-lm-{]-xn-`-bv- v ]n o-ssm-cn- epw X-s I-gn- Im-e Po-hn-X-Ønte-bv- v Xn-cn- p t\m-t - -Xm-bn h- n- n. sndn-b-h-s\t m h-en-b-h-s\t m hy-xym-k-an m-sx F m-h-cp-tsbpw a-\- n k- n B-th-im- n-bm-bn I-Øn-Pz-en- p-i-bm-bn-cp p. {Ku- n-se A-Xp-eyam-b cm-p-hm- -gv-n-bv- v Xn-c-»o-e-bn- v In-co-S-hpw sn-t mepw Xn-cn-t - n- v k- n ]-Sn-bn-d-ßp-tºmgpw \-ap- v D- d- m-wv CXp-t]m-sem-cp a-lm-{]xn-` C-\n temi-øv D- m-in. C- y I- G- hpw an-i- {In- - v I-fn- m-c-\m-bn-cp- kp-\n K-hm-kv-I-dp-sS hn - v ho-gv- Øn k- n tn-t -dn-b-xv `m-c-xo-b-cp-ss lr-z-b-ßfn-te- p am-{x-am-bn-cp- n, tem-i-p-\-x-bp-ss lr-zb-ß-fp-ss B-g-ß-fn-te-bv- m-bn-cp p \-hw-_ 15 \v I-dm- n-bn ]m- n-ÿms\-xn-sc A- m-cm-{j {In- - n A-c-tß- w Ip-dn- t mƒ kv-t -Un-b-Øn-se Im-WnI-sf A- p-x-tøm- Sp-Iq-Sn ho- n B Iu-am-c- m-c A-dn- n-cp- n h-cpw-im-e-ß-fn Cu tem-ip-\-x ap-gp-h X-s A- p-x-tøm-sp-iq-sn t\m- p-sa v. {In- - n a- m pw Io-g-S- m-\m-hm-ø sd-t m-up-iƒ kr- n psim- v t\m-s -Øm Zq-c-tØm-fw k- n F- A- p-x-a-\p-jy ]-S - p ]- -en- p I-gn- n-cp- p. {In - v tem-i-tø-bv- p Im-se-Sp-Øp h- -t mƒ sdt m-up-i-fp-ss sim-sp-ap-sn-bn-te-bv- v Np-h-Sp-h-b p- I F- -Xm-bn-cp- n k- n-s e- yw. C- y-bv- pth- n I-fn p-i F -Xp am-{x-am-bn-cp p. X-\n- p e-`n- D-b - -bn A-l- m-cw Im-Wn- msx, F- 14 F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn p-th- n kz- w Po-hn-Xw Xy-Pn- p-i-bm-bn-cp- p. Po-hn-X-am-Xr-I-Iƒ-sIm- v tem-i-p-\-x-bv- v {]- tnm-z-\tain, F mw -an- p- H-cn- epw X-f-cmØ t]m-cm- -ho-cy-hp-am-bn tem-i-p-\-x-bp-ss lr-z-b-ß-fn F-s - pw Pz-en- p- Hc- n \- -{X-am-bn s\ k at -e F- A p-x hy- nxzw \n-e-\n - pw... t mgpw hn-\-b-hpw Xm-gv-abpw Im-Øp-kq- n- -Xn-\memhmw ssz-hw F-t mgpw k- n-s\ D-b - -bp-ss ]-Shp-I-fn-te-bv- v ssi]n-sn- p-i-b- n-bxv. k- n-\p ap-ºv h- -hcpw H- w t]m-b-h-cpw, ]n- m-se h- -hcpw {In- - n-s A-c-ßn \n- v ]-Sn-bn-d-ßn-b-t mƒ H-cp ]-t tem-i-p-\-x-bp-ss lr-z-b-ß-fn \n- p t]mepw ]-Sn-bn-d-ßn-bn- p- m-hmw. F- m Im-e-߃ F-{X I-gn- m-epw, {In - v a -a-d- mepw tem-i-p- \-X-bp-sS lr-z-b-ß-fn sim-øn-h- k- n F- A- p-x-{]xn-` H-cn- epw am p-t]m-in. Im-e-Øn- \p t]mepw X-I - m-\m-hm-ø H-c- p-x-am-bn F- s pw k- n \n-e-\n - pw. sh-dpw 22 hm-c a-æn \n pw \m-ºn- v sdt m-up-i-fp-ss sim-sp-apsn-tbm-fw ]-S - p ]- -en- Cu a-\pjy-sszh-sø ap-ºn \n -Øn-s m- v tem- Iw {In- - v N-cn-{X-sØ c- m-bn hn-`-pn p; k- n-\p ap ]pw k- n-\p ti-j-hpw. c- -c ]-Xn- m- p-im-ew {In - v ssa-xm\-øv _m p-sim- v d -a-g-bp-ss hnkva-bw Xo -Ø Cu \m-ev-]-xp-im-c {In- - v temi- Øp\n pw ]-Sn-bn-d-ßp-tºmƒ F m-h pw H-cp-an- v A`nam\n- mw. {]n-b-s - k- n c-ta-iv sx - Up, C- y-bp-tsbpw {In- - n-t bpw bi hm-t\m-fw D-b -Øn-b-Xn-\v H-cm-bn-cw \-μn...

15 DZn- p-b-cp- {]-Xntj-[ kq-cy ]m- n-ÿm-\n-se H-cp km-[m-c-w {Kmao-W s] -Ip- n A-Xm-bn-cp- p Ip-d- p-\mƒ ap-ºph-sc aeme bqk-^v km-bv... F- m C- -hƒ Xm-en-_m ap-jm- n-cw hn-zym-`ym-k-øn-\p- A-h-Im-iw \- - s - kzm-xv Xm-gvh-c-bn-se F m s] -Ip- n-i-fp-tsbpw I-cp-Øp- {]-Xn-\n-[n-bm-bn am-dn-bn-cn- p p. Xm-en- _ms a-\p-jy-xz-an m-ø {]-h -Ø-\-ß-sf- - nbpw s] -Ip- n-i-fp-ss hn-zym-`ym-k A-h-Imi-sØ X-S-bp- sx- m-b ho- -W-ß-sf- - nbpw H- pwx-s `-b- m-sx X-s Iu-am-c-{]m-b-Øn X-s A-hƒ H- cp tªm-kn-eq-ss B- -Sn p. Xm-en-_m-s \o-xn-b- {]-h -Ø-\-ß-sf- - n-bpw s] -Ip- n-i-fp-ss hn-zym-`ymk A-h-Imi-sØ sn-dp- p- -Xn-\p-sa-Xn-sc H-cp sim- Sp- m- m-bn am-dn-b-t mƒ aem-e F- h a-xn-en-s\- tem-iw _-lp-am-\-tøm-ssbpw A-`n-am-\-tØm-sSbpw t\m- n- m-wp-ibpw k-am-[m-\-øn-\p- Ip- n-iƒ- mbp t\m-t_ ]p-c-kv-im-c-øn-\v \m-a-\n -t±-iw snøp-i-bpw sn-bvxp. G-sXm-cp hy- n-bm-bmepw kw-l-s-\-bmbmepw X-ß-fp-sS {]-h -Ø-\-߃-s -Xn-sc i- -apb - m B i -sø th-tcm-ss \-in- n- p-hm {i-an pw Aß-s\ X-s -bm-wv Xm-en-_m\pw sn-bv- X-Xv H-tŒm-_ 9 \v ssh-ip-t -cw kv-iq-fn \n- v ho- n-te-bv- p a-s-ßp- -tºmƒ aem-e F- Iuam-c ho-cy-sø A-W-bv- p-hm th- n A-hƒ-s -Xn-sc \n-d-sbm-gn p. ti-jw Cw- - n-se Iyq F-en-k-_- Øvv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn {]-th-in- n p. tem-i-p-\-x-bpss I-Æp-\o-cpw {]m - -\bpw B sim- p-s] -Ip- nbp-ss Poh-s\ Im-Øp-kq- n p. C-Xn\-Iw X-s aem-e {]-i-kv-x-bm-bn- -gn- n-cp p. k-am-[m-\-øn- \p- tz-io-b-]p-c-kv-im-cw t\-sp-i-bpw 2013 se k-am- [m-\-øn-\p t\m-t_ ]p-c-kv-im-c-øn-\v A-h-fpsS t]-cv \m-a-\n -t±-iw sn-øp-ibpw sn-bvxp Pq-em-bv 12 \v aem-e sf-iy-cm-{ -k-`bn hn-zym-`ym-k-øn-s Im-cy-Øns tem-i-hym-]- Iam-b k-ao-]-\-sø - n kw-km-cn p. Xs {]-kw-k- Øn A-hƒ ]-d -Xv C-{]-Im-c-am-Wv. Xm-en-_m F-s C-S-sØ-s\- n-bn \n-d-sbm-gn p. Iq-Sm-sXXs F-s kp-lr-øp- -tf-bpw. Xm-en-_-m hn-nmcn Xv Cu sh-sn-bp- -Iƒ Rß-sf \n-i- -cm pw F- mwv. ]-t A-h ]-cm-p-b-s p. ]-t C- v I don t mind if I have to sit on the floor at school. All I want is education, And I m afraid of no one. - Malala Yousuf Zai B \n-i-_v-zx-bn \n- v B-bn-c- -W- n-\v {]-Xntj-[-Øn-s kz-cw D-b p-sim- n-cn- p p. Xo-{hhm-Zn-Iƒ hn-nm-cn -Xv A-h - v X-ß-fp-sS Nn- -Itfbpw e- y-ß-tfbpw X-I - m-\mhpw F- mwv. ]-t F-s Po-hn-X-Øn h- hy-xym-kw C-Xm- Wv F- n-ep- m-bn-cp- Zu -_-ey-ßfpw {]-Xo- bn m-bv-abpw `-b-hpw F- -t -bv- p-am-bn a-cn- p-ibpw ]I-cw _-ehpw i- n-bpw ss[-cyhpw D-S-se-Sp- p-i-bpw sn-bvxp. Rm a-em-e-bm-wv., F-s e- y-ßfpw {]-Xo- I-fpw, kz-]v-\-ßfpw ]-g-b-xp- X- s -bmwv, s] -Ip- n-i-fp-ss hn-zym-`ym-k A-hIm-i ew-l-\-øn-s\-xn-sc t]m-cm-sp-i. aem-e X-s {]- kw-kw A-h-km-\n- n -Xv C-{]-Im-cw ]-d p-sim- mwvv. H-cp Ip- n, H-cp A- ym-]i, H-cp Xq-en-I, H- cp {K-Ÿw C-h-bv-s mw Cu tem-i-øn-s Im-gv-N- m-sp-i-sf am- n a-dn- - p-hm I-gn-bpw. A-Xn-\p- G- I am y-aw hn-zym-`ym-kw am-{x-amwv. hn-zym-`ym-k-øn- \v ap-jy-{]m-[m\yw \ IpI s] -Ip- n-i-fp-ss hn-zym-`ym-k A-h-Im-i-Øns\-Xn-tc-bp- Xm-en-_m-s {]-h -Ø-\ß-sf sn-dp- p-hm H-cp a-em-e-b B-bn-c- -W- n-\p a-em-eam C-\nbpw P- -sa-sp pw. Xo. F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 15

16 AizXn ctajv S2 BBA kz]vt\m hßfmw ticf`wknbpw Rms\ `mhw IecmØ _meyhpw tx t]msebps mcm hm pw IfnIfpw GtXm hgnifn \jvsambv t]msbmcm tntxmlcßfmw kz]vt\m hßfpw Hm ΩX Imhnse ]qcambv \nev p p HmWhpw I nbnembney `wknbpw \mwns mgpipw ]pgbpss Xochpw [ym\n p \nev pw aebpss `mhhpw AΩX ZmhWn Xpºn ]nsn p Rm snsω \Ss mcm snω hgnifpw ImhnbpSpØp P]amebWn p {io hncnbp Xpam{iahmSnbn AΩX Np n hncnbp ip aebmf Io Ø\mem]\hpw Im p h p Infn ]m p ]msosp p Rm pthebvs {X kuμcyhmbv]piƒ ImX߃ \oßp p I\ymh\ßfn ImtXm Øp \nev p p s]m am InSmhpIƒ Xmac ]qøp XgpIn \nev ps mcm Im\\tNmebmw sim bv pa pdw Bcpw simfpømø Zo]ambn \nev p cmhwn N{μnI F{X at\mlcn! kqcy\p th n X]w snbvxp \nev p kqcyim ns]æpsa{x at\mlcn! ssixyhpw tla k ybpw ]qhn p \nev p a nse kz amw ticf`wknbpw. 16 F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn

17 F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 17

18 18 F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn

19 F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 19

20 20 F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn

21 F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 21

22 22 F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn

23 F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 23

24 24 F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn

25 Xa mw `qhn {]Imiamw hnzysb txspi \obxns\ X cpsxmcn epw hnzybmw hr Øn Xmbvthcv hn\bsa dnbww \o hnzybn \o Al ]q m sagpipt]m DcpIWw \n lrzbw Hm pi a Øy!]mWvUnXyK Δn ^ew XmgvNbt{X! ad cpsxmcn epw m\sø {]m]n m ad cpsxmcn epw m\w ]Icm ]I m h n ps m tcsbmcarxhpw CXp Xm hnf mips Kpcp\mYm shfn amw hnzysb ]IcWsa F sim p t\ ߃ A Ww snøp p Rm \n p n Pn_n Ipcymt mkv S2 BCA Cuizc` n \n nepssesp s AXpXs hnzyx mcw`w hnzybm CuizcssNX\yw kakvx `qhn \ndbs! F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 25

26 Sinimol George S2 BCom \nan-j Po-hn-X-Øn Po-hn- p-hm B-{K-ln- p tem-iw... I- c-im-wm-sx A-\- am-b I-S t]m-se a-\ v. bp-hm- -fp-ss \n-xy-z -i- \-Øn-\p ]m-{xam-ip- H-cp ap n-b _m. A-\- \pw \o-c-ppw. F- ns\- -dn-bmsx, kz- w h-gn-iƒ X-s -Øm I- p-]n-sn- v N-cn{Xw c-nn- p- -h-cp-ss C-S-bn-se c- p hy- niƒ. bp-h-xz-øn-s Xp-Sn v. \n-s F-\n-s m-cn- epw a-d- m I-gn-bp- n-s -Sm \o-c-tp.. F-\n pw Aß-s\ X-s -bm A-\- a-dp]-sn \ -In. c- p-t]cpw si- n- n-sn- p p. Im- p-h-cp-tºmƒ X-I - p ho-gm t]m- No p-sim- m-cw t]m-se A-h hn-p-\amb tdm-un-te-bv- v C-d-ßn... A- n-\n-em-hn-s Hm-f-ß-tf- v D-d-ßp-tºmƒ \m-tf-bv- m-bn A-h \n- -bn- p-d- n B kp-zn-\-øn-\m-bn Im-Øn-cp p. *** {]-`mxw. ]- -sø-t m-se kq-cy-s sh- n-sh-fn- -ta - m In-fn-Itfm a- n -Xp- n-i-tfm ]- - p -\m-ºp- Itfm C. F- nepw kq-cy D-Zn- p. ka-sb ]-Øp-aWn-tbm-S-SØp. H-cp c-pn-kv-{sm B-^okv. H-cp N-cn-{X kw`-hw \-S- p-i-bm-wn-hnss. P-\-Øn-s Xn-c- p I- m X-s A-dnbmw kw`-hw Ipd- v h-ep- Xpw B-Imw- m-p-\-i-hp-am-sw v. C-hn-sS A-]q -Δ-ßfn A-]q -Δam-b H-dp hn-hm-lw A-c-tß-dp-I-bm-Wv. h- [p-hmcv? h-c-\mcv? F tnm-zy-øn-\v C-hn-sS {]-k- nbn. Imc-Ww c- p-t]cpw h-c- m-cmwv. \o-cppw A-\- -\pw. ]-c-kv]-cw C- -s - v H-cp-an- v Po-hn- m kz-bw Xo-cp-am-\n- -X-\p-k-cn- v A-h Im-Øn-cp -Xv C-XmWv. ]pd-øp \n-d- P-\-ß-fn Nn-e C-Xn-s\-Xn-sc cw-k-øp-h p. ]-t A-h-cp-sS Xo-cp-am\-sØ A-h - v X-S-bm-\m-bn. Nn-e C-Xns\ h-en-b kw-`-h-am-bn - v C-cp-h-tcbpw B-iw-k-Iƒ-sIm- p-s]m- Xn p. k- ym-k-abw. C-t mƒ c-pn-kv-{sm B-^o-kn-s ap-ºn ap-ºtøxp-t]m-ep- Xn-c- p-i-sfm- p-an. F m kw-`-h-ß-fnepw \-S- p- -Xp-t]m-se C-hn-sSbpw hn-a -i-\-ßfpw A-`n-{]m-b-ßfpw si- -S-ßn. \o-cppw A-\- \pw X-ß-fp-sS tem-i-tøbv- v t]m-bn. ]-t ssz-h-øn-s A-`n-{]m-bw Bcpw Xn-c- n-bn. H-cp- ]t, ssz-h-øn\p-t]mepw a-\p-jy-s {]-hr-øn-i-fn A-`n-{]m-bw C mbn-cn- mw F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn

27 Asha Mary Thomas S6 BBA I-hn-I-fp-tSbpw t\m-h-en-kv- p-i-fp-tsbpw ]-Xnhp co-xni-sf Xq-sØ-dn p-sim- v a-ebm-f km-ln- Xy-cw-K-tØ-bv- v X-s Nm-cp-Itk-c h-en- n- n-cp- H-cp hy-xy-kv-x-\m-b a-\p-jy ; A-Xm-bn-cp- p ssh- w ap-lω-zv _-jo ]-c-ºm-cm-k-x co-xn-bn-ep- F- gp-øn-s\ ssi-sh-sn v, k-c-kamb ssi-en-bn, B-fl-I-Ymw-i-ap- c-n-\-i-fm-bn-cp- p A-t±-l-Øn-t - Xv. C-Xp-X-s -bm-wv A-t±l-sØ th -Xn-cn- p \n - Øn-b-Xpw, km-[m-c-w- m - v A-t±l-sØ kzo-imcy-\m- n-b-xpw. _-jo k-ºq -Æ Ir-Xn-I-fp-sS ]-Xn- n-s\-gpxn-b {]-km-[-i-ip-dn- n b-i:i-co-c-\m-b Un.kn. In-g-t -ap-dn Cß-s\ {]-Xn-]m-Zn- n-cn- p- p. hym-i-c-w-øn-s th-en-s - n-\p ]pd-øv B-Jybpw B-Jym-Xhpw Xn-cn- -dn-bm-sx \-S- _-jo-dn-s ]n- m-se hm- p-iƒ I-c- p-hn-fn- p-\-s p. Cß-s\ I-c- p-hn-fn- hm- pi-sf _-jo Im-cp-Wy-tØmsS F-Sp-Ø-t mƒ A-h-bv- p cq]am- w h p. A-t±lw hm- p-iƒ sim- v au-\w kr- n pw au-\-søs m- v hm- p-i-tf-bpw. Cu au-\-am-wv _m-ey-im-ek-jn F- a-t\ml-c-{]-w-b in-ev-]w hm-b-\- mc-\p k-ωm-\n- p- - Xv. 75 t]-pp-iƒ sim- v a-po-zn-t bpw kp-l-d-bp-tsbpw _m-eyw ap-x ac-ww h-sc hm-b-\- mc-\p ap-ºn h-c- n-sp- p F- -XmWv Cu I-Y-bp-sS hn-pbw. H-scgp-Øp-Imc-s\ cq-]-s -Sp-Øp- -Xn A-bm-fp-sS A- \p-`-h-kº-øv hf-sc ]- v h-ln- p- p- v F- Sn. ]-Zv-a-\m`s hm- p-iƒ Cu L- -Øn {]-[m-\-amwv. _m-ey-im-ek-jn G-sdbpw B-fl-I-Ymw-i-ap- c-n- \-bm-wv F- v _-jo X-s k-ω-xn- p-ibpw snøp p. \mw C- p Im-Wp- cq-]-øn-ep- _m-ey-imek-jn ]p-d-øp-h- -Xv 1944 B-bn-cp p. A-Xn-i- am-b kv-t\-l-øn-s A- -[m-c-bm-wv Cu Ir- Xn-bn \n-d- p-\n - p- Xv. _m-ey-im-e-k-jn-bp-ss H- p-ap-x A- p-hsc-bp- A- ym-b-߃ a-po-zn-t bpw kp-l-d-bp-tsbpw _m-ey-im-e-amwv. A-Xy-[n-Iw \n-jv-i-f- w Xp-fp-ºp- c- p-ip- p-ap-j-߃ hm-b-\- m-c-\p ap- n sxfn-bp p. a-pozpw kp-l-d-bpw. _- -ssh-c-øn \n- v B-flm - ku-lr-z-øn-te-bv- v h-gn-am-dp- A- h-cp-ss Po-hn-Xw Ip- n- m-e-øn-s Kr-lm-Xp-c kv-a-c- W-I-fn-te-bv- p hn-c Nq- p- p. hn-iz-{]-kn- am-b H pw H pw C-Ωn-Wn h-ey H- v F- {]-tbm- Khpw _-jo-dn-s kz w A-\p-`-h-Øn \n-s -Sp- Ø G-Sp-Xs. kp-ld-sb X-s cm-p-ip-am-cn-bm- p- a-pozpw I-W- -dn-bm-ø a-pn-zn-s\ P-bn- n- p an-sp- -\m- n-b kp-l-dbpw GtXm L- -Øn {]-W-bn- p Xp-S-ßp p. Ir-Xn-bp-sS B-Zy-sØ h-gn-øn-cn-hv kp-l-d-bpss _m- m-bp-ss a-c-w-amwv; A-tXm-sS A-hƒ kz-ba-dn-bm-sx Po-hn-X-Øn-s Xo- p-f-bn-te-bv- v A-dn-bs -Sp p. ]Tn- m Xo-sc tam-l-an m-ø a-po-zv sslkv-iq-fn tn-cp p, A ; tn - p p. F m kz-]v-\- ßfpw I-cn p-t]m-b kpl-dm kz- w ho-sn-s hm- Xn - \n- v B Imgv-N thz-\-tbm-ss t\m- n- m-wp p. a-po-zv ]T-\w Xp-S p-sim- n-cn-s - Øs, ho- n-ep m-b h-g- n-s\ Xp-S - v ho-sp-hn- nd-ßp p. ]-e-\n-e-bnepw X-c-Øn-ep-ap- Po-hn-X-߃ I- p. ]-e-co-xn-bnepw Po-hn p. Ftgm ]tøm sim ߃. F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 27

28 \m-e- p-t] tn - p Np-a p-sim- p h- In-S- bpw s]- nbpw km-[-\-ßfpw I- -t mƒ A- bmƒ k-º- -\m-bn Xn-cn- p-h- n-cn- p- p F- v F mhcpw hn-iz-kn- p- p. A-Xn\-Iw Z-cn-{Z-am-bn- -gn- kz- w Ip-Spw-_-hpw GtXm I-im- p-imc-s\ I-eym- Ww I-gn- kp-l-d-bpw s\- n s\-cn-t m-sm-iptºmƒ, Z-cn-{Z-\m-bm-Wp a-s-ßn-h- n-cn- p- -Xv F Nn- a- p- -h-tcbpw \n-cm-i-cm- p p. F- m Ip- Spw-_-Øn-s ]-cm-[o-\-x-i-sf- m-fpw, kz- w Po-hn- X-Øn-s A v- -iq-\y-x-i-sf- mfpw A-bm-sf th-z- \n- n -Xv kp-l-d-bp-ss Z-b-\o-bm-h-ÿ- B-bn-cp p. H-Sp-hn kp-ld-sb hn-hm-lw sn-øm\pw A-Xn-\p-ap- ºv Ip-Spw-_w I-cp- n-sn- n- m-\p-am-bn F m-h-tcbpw kp-ld-sb G - n- v A-bmƒ ho pw bm-{x Xn-cn- p p. Cu L- -Øn H-c-]-I-S-Øn a-po-zn-s H-cp Im-en-s ]-Ip-Xn \- -s - p t]m-ip p. kp-l-dm-bpss {]-Y-a Npw_-\w e-`n- h-e-xp-im! Xo Øpw A-{]-Xo- n-xam-b L- -Øn-em-Wv _m-ey-im-e-k-jn-bp-ss A yw. H- -c- m-ep-ambn, tlm- -en ]m-{x-߃ I-gp-Ip-tºmgpw k-t m-jw I- s -Øn Po-hn- a-po-zn-\p ap- n-te-bv- v kp-l-dm-bpss ac-ww A-dn-bn- p- D-Ωm-bp-sS I-Øv e-`n- p p. A-h-km-\-am-bn Xm bm-{x ]-d- n-d-ßp-tºmƒ F- m-bn-cp- p A-hƒ ]-d-bm h- -Xv...? a-pozpw kp-l-dbpw H- m-bn-cp-s - n F- p hm-b-\- m-c B-in p-t]m-ip- n-s-ømwv Cu Ir- Xn-bp-sS hn-pbw. H-cn- epw ]q -Øo-I-cn- m I-gnbm-Ø Xo-{h-{]-W-b-Øn-s I-Y-bm-Wv _m-ey-im-ekjn. a-ebm-f km-ln-xy-øn A-t\-Iw {]-W-b-inev-]-߃ D- m-bn- p v, C-t mgpw D- m-ip- p-ap v. k- o -Æ-X-tb-Xp-an m-ø A-h-X-c-Whpw ]-cn-ip- kv-t\-l-øn-s th-z-\ Xp-fp-ºp- I-Ym-k-μ -`-ßfpw A-Xn-s\ hy-xy-kv-x-am- p p. ` -Øm-hn-s ]o-u-\- ß-tf v, tz-h-x-bm-bn-cp- kp-lv-dm hn-cq-]-bm-b-t mgpw a-po-zv Ah-sf {]-W-bn p-sim-t -bn-cn- p p. A-\h- [n B-tcm-]-W-߃ pw hn-i-i-e-\-߃ pw Cu Ir- Xn-bp-sS kzo-im-cy-x-bv- v a-ß-te - n- m I-gn-bm- Xn-cp Xv Cu Xo-{h-kv-t\-l-Øn-s B-hn-jv-Im-cw sim- mwvv. {]-W-bn- n- p- -h pw {]-W-b-sØkv-t\-ln- p- -h pw \n -Ω-e-{]W-bw Im-Wn psim-sp- p- H-cp h-gn-hn-f- p-iq-sn-bm-wv _m-ey-im-ekjn. _m-ey-im-ek-jn Po-hn-X-Øn \n- p h-en- p No n-b H-tc-SmWv. A-Xn-s h- -Øv c- w s]m- Sn- n-cn- p- p. Nn-e - v NpSp-tNm-c Im-Wp-tºmƒ H-cp- t]-snbpw A-d pw txm- pw. A-ß-s\-bp- -h kq- n- p-thww Cu ]p-kvx-iw hm-bn- m... Fw.]n. t]mƒ \n\ mbv ho psa lrzbønen pw Hcp Km\w IqSn Ipdn p h p A p Rm I In\mhn F pw \n pss apjnn{xw ad ncp p ImWphm Gsd A{Kln t mtgm Hcp Ipfn Im mbv \o HgpInsbØn timsa n ImTn\yw simt m F pss lrzbw \o I Xn \nemhn \oenabn \o abßptºmgpw \n In\mhn Fs \o I Xn ]dbmsx t]mb {]WbsØ F n\n\nbpw, Hm t Xn H pta, \osb kz]v\w am p Igns lrzbøn \n pw 28 F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn {Kojva ]n.sp. S4 B.Com

29 th\ {Inkv o\ _npp I BBA Cu th\ NqSns ]Ienepw XWp n B {ZX F n \nd nsp p Imesa{X Ign ncn p p F Hm aiƒ Ftßm t]mbvad ncn p p ad m\mhn Poh\n Poh\mb \ns ad mø a\kn am{xta ambmø kvt\løn pdhbp p Imesa{Xtbm t]mbvad nsp p Imew t]dnsmø `mwvußfpt m? Imew ambv mø apdnhpifpt m? H w Imew XcmØ hk apt m? Ahkm\w B Imew \sω X n t ØnSpw Nn Ifmbncw Cf\mºpIƒ ]ns bm ImeØn hnirxnbn Nn Isf mw iq\yambnsp p ImeØn asnø n Ifn mhiƒ BbnSp p Hcp th\ NqSns \nanjamw hnb n IWßfm aqsn \o \ns hosp txsnbw p F nepw {Iqcamw ssiiƒ \ns XS p Hcn am{xw a\pjy\p tncp `mkyamw awkeyw txsn \o hoswbm simxn p IqIn mbpw Xoh nbn \o \n taml߃ HXp n, srcp n Hcmbncw kz]v\߃ hmcn q n F nepw H ss sim v \n Hm ΩIfh X ns SpØn {IqcX X th\ NqSn ]mhamw \ns Ah Zbbn msx ]n n o n A \ bmb \n ta\n Bcpta c n m\n mxmbn X s] Ω X hm eyhpw ktlmzcn X kvt\lw `mcxøn {]Xn bpw Ah ad ncn p p F{Xtbm th\ simgn ncn p p F{Xtbm thz\iƒ \o Gdnbncn p p F nepw \o acwøn hnirxnbn Hcp sim p Ifnt m mbn amdnbncn p p Hmtcm {]`mxønepw Hmtcm {]tzmjønepw a\ n {iotimhnen \ns Hm ΩIƒ ambmxncn p p s] a fp Hmtcm AΩ X a\ nepw \o AWbmØ Zo]ambv kuay F kuayamw t]cpw kuayamw apjhpw, F pw ambmø Hm Ω ad ptam ktlmzcn \o \n nte ]ouiƒ X thz\bpw AXn Bg c pw am p tnmzn nss Rm ImcWah\psas `mcx ktlmzc\t m Hcn eh ]m]øn ISen ImenSdn howxn DcpInØocpw Cu th\en NqSn ambmø Xn bpt m?- F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 29

30 F_n tpmk^v S6 BCom Cu tal߃ p Xmsg ]gin Xpcpºn v XIcmdmb Hcp t_m Uv \n߃ I nt... Adnhns bpw kplrøv _ ßfpsSbpw {]WbØns bpw ]cn`høns bpw hncløns bpsams IYIƒ ]dbm\p at\mlcamb Hcp sim p IemebØnte p Nq p]eibmwxv... Hcn kpjap Hm ΩIfmbn amdm\p A\p`h߃ mbn \aps mcp bm{x t]mimw... F.Fkv.Fkv timtfpns\ sxm dnbps mcp bm{x... ]co m Imew... BZyambn ImWp kne_kpiƒ... It m tit m ap ]cnnbw C mø tsm n piƒ... ]co Iƒ shdpw ]co W߃ am{xamipibmwv. Un t{kun\p th nbp `KocY {]bxv\߃... Nne kw`mjwßfntebv v... Afnbm Fs mgndßpw?? Cuizcm \ns ]mxn Hcp sh n pcp epw C msx apgph\mbn CßpXt tw... {]m \tbmss ]co bv v... IzÃy t] I t mƒ Hcp kwibw C se ]Tn hnjbw CXp Xs tbm??? Xncn p t\m n... klapdnb\pw ta qcbn t\m n Nn n ncn bmwv. ap ]nencn p XcpWoaWn N w ]n w t] dpiƒ \ndbv p p... Chƒ v B[mcw FgpØmtWm ]Wn...? F mbmepw \Ωƒ tami mcmhcpxt m.. Accountancy is an art of recording, classifying... the result there CXmWv bym hnzym`ymkw. ]Tn Xnbdn Ht D q F nepw ]cønsbgpxnbn p v. HSphn lmfn \n p A ym]ni/ A ym]i\v Hcp ]p ncnbpw H w Accounting definition X nbpw FgpXnbpw ]Tn n kmdns\ \μntbmss kvacn psim pw ]pdtøbv v ip`w F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn

31 Un{Kn hnzy`ymkøn\p hcptºmƒ Fs mw {]Xo IfmWv,... ]pxnb A\p`hßfmWv... tlmãepifnse PohnXhpw... Hmtcm {]Xo Iƒ XI Snbptºmgpw A`btI{μambn Cu tlmãepiƒ. ChnsS PohnXw BtLmjambn amdpibmbncp p \v XpSßp mkn\v 9.30 BIptºmƒ InS bn \n v Fgpt p Xns\ pdn v BtemNn m {ian p hnzym n bpss [ Ωt_m[w... NmSnsbgpt v Ipfn m Ibdptºmtgbv pw D nse tbipzmkv DW ncp p. Aºe pfßc Ipfn m sn t mƒ AbesØ s]æp߃ Ifnbm n... NXn fnbm sh w Xo p... ASpØ tlmãen t]mbn Ipfns p hcpøn, j v tx m XpSßnbt mgmwv Id v C F \ amb kxyw a\ nem p Xv. Ccp]Øn\mev awn qdpw DW p {]h Øn p si.fkv.c._n.sb a\ m kvacn p sim v ]gb j pan v timtfpntebv v... s] ^yqan\pw ]uu Iº\n pw Hcmbncw \μn... jo p ta Hcp sim p t`mp\ime... tn m F p v??.. Hcp t^m amen n p tnmzn Xm... AS t]mesø s]mtdm bpw Iπß sim p kmºmdpta ImWp F dnbmw... a[pcw Iq n Hcp Nmbbpw t]mcs, Ign p Ign t mƒ Hcp kwibw ] v txt m? s] InSmßfpambn C [niw kwk w th Hcp sk {^jv hmßn AUvPÃv snbvxp... Im o\ns ]cnkcøp IqSn Aßnßmbn \n p XcpWoaWnIsf HfnIÆv C p t\m n, ap ]ntebv v. cmhnse hcp cw`ifpssbpw D ΔinamcpsSbpw A \S H v BkzZn p Ifbmw... F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 31

32 ]pkvix N Ifn HXpßn Ccn p XnbdnIƒ s]bvxndßptºmƒ \mfsø Xeapd XßfpsS \nkwkx Hcp tim phmbneqss AhXcn n p p. A[cßfn ÿncw ]p ncnbpambn mkv dqantebv v... sn t mƒ B w XpSßnbncn p p. D hscbp A U kv ]Icw h v mkn Ibdnbt mgmwv sr n p B kxyw a\ nembxv... ]ndinesø o tim v ^n Bbncn p p. ]mxnbs IÆpIfpw Ddßp a\ pambn ap \ncbntebv v... D... F m AhnsS Hcp Bƒ q w? ]mºns\tbm t] ntbtbm X ns m phmsw v hnnmcn psa nepw kwkxn AX..., BcpsStbm s]mxnt mdv Xpd ncn p p. Hcp s]mxnt mdpw ]Øncp]Xv ssiifpw... Ch amsct ` Ww ImWmsX InS pibmbncpt m? tlmã At hmknisf kw_ n nstømfw Cu s]mxnt mdv AarXmWv. \ndbp Xv hbd, a\ mwv. F.Fkv.Fkns hn m\ temi tøbv v kzmkxw... s]msn]nsn Iºyq dp Iƒ pw ]pkvxi߃ p CSbneqsS Hcp UnIv Sohns Iq ΩXtbmsS ]pkvxi߃ Xncbp Nne... a p Nne ]{Xßfnse \ndw ]nsn kvt]m Svkv XmfpIfntebv v Bgv n dßp p. sse{_dn ImgvNIƒ F\n {X kp]cn NnXa møxpsim v ChnsS \n Øt... Iym]kn JZ th F p Xocpam\n ncn p XpsIm v Ce \v A{X Bthiw t]mcm... F nepw dnkƒ v hcptºmƒ Unw Dw ss{_ v Dw BIp apj߃. antmbnifn HXpßp hmkvzm\߃ F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn

33 apdn F n\ob amcpss ]co WimeIƒ... ChnsS Nne Iºyq `oic m ]Wn ]Tn pibm... H pw H pw Iq ms\mcp t{]mkmw... c ns ]IpXn I p]nsn ms\mcp t{]m{kmw. Imew t]msbmcp t]mt... AXn\nSbn IW piƒ Smen B m {ian p a p Nne. k Iyq v t_m UpIfpw UtbmUpIfpambn bp Ønte s ncn p CeIvt{SmWnIvkv _ppniƒ... F.Fkv.Fkv. se Ip niƒ v kacw as hnss tbm \S p D khsø p dn p ti dnhp am{xamwv... BgvNbn H p h p l Øm epw t]mcmøxn\v ct m aqt m ]ocnbuv am{xw mkn epancn p \aps n\m kacw At? ]Xnhp sx nbn n m... Ct W am v Xcp Xn F m A y]icpw Hcpt]mse ]nip v Im nbn p v. mkn IbdmXncn p Xpw Ct W am v A ]w Ipdbp Xpw sx mtwm kplrøp tf...? hns p Nncn pw Imep ]nsn pw Hcp hn[w Icbv p Ibdp p F p ]d m axnbt m... ]g YIfnteXp t]mse ]d n amßtbm abn oentbm simspøp {]Wbw C n. Ahsb mw sfkv{ioapiƒ pw tnmt piƒ pw a p Kn^v piƒ pw hgn amdnbncn p p. ]et mgpw {]Wbw Hcp {IUnt m t\cw t]mt m am{xamip p. ImapInsb ImØncn p ImapI Ahsf ImWptºmƒ a m pw \ ImsX kq n p h B lm n su vssh v ]p ncn \ In Ahfpambn CØncn t\cw... Hcpans mcp \SØw... ]ns cm{xnbpss A ybma߃ hsc \ofp t^m C {]Wb k m]߃... Bh Ø\hnckXbn msx F pw... F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 33

34 bqwnb C\mKptdj, timtfpv tu, hna kv tu Aßs\ t]mip p Iemssh`hßfpsS Zn\߃... kwkox\rø Xmfeb߃ ka\zbn bmwnhnss... ]b v kzkn\p ap ]n... F mhcpw ImØncn pibmwv, Xnc»oe hogp Xn\p th n... ChnsS IqhepIƒ AwKoImc߃ BIp p... CØhW aq v kπntb Dffq F p ]dbp Xnepw F{X kpjicamwv Iymw] kns ]ndin G dp IW n\v ÿeøv Xg p hf ncn p ] p pifntebv v t\m n\n m... AXp Adnbmhp Xn \memsw p txm p p, Hmtcm th\enepw Xobn p \in n n pw Ah ]q hm[niw i ntbmss ho pw hfcp Xv... F.Fkv.Fkns tem Uvkv... ]Øp t] p \nc p \n m CSans nepw D XpsIm v HmWw t]mse F a n Hcp t_mfpambn Aßnßp HmSp h... CSbv nss AtX t_mfn\p th n Np pw Db p s]mßnb Ip n mspifntebv p Hm w... HSphn \s mcp {Ku ns\ kvacn psim v as w... Hcp bphp\xbpss {]Xo Iƒ pw IfnXamiIƒ pw s\spho piƒ pw km nbmbn \nesim p F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv. Cu IemebsØ Hcp \mƒ hn p ]ncnbwat m F v BtemNn m Xs {]bmkw... ]s Cu ]p \mºpifn XpSn p \n p a piw߃ t]mse kxyw... tx In\nbp Hm ΩIfpsS sn ntebv v Cu Iemeb h Æ߃IqSn... Ahsb s\t msv tn Øv Iymw]kns ]SnIƒ Cdßptºmƒ a\kv hnxpºpibmwv. CeIfpw In\mhpIfpw ]minb Cu \S mxbneqss \S ndßptºmƒ ag Xnan Øp s]øpw, Cu ac߃ \sω bm{xbm pw, \mw ChnsS snbvxp Iq nbsx w \msf Ncn{XØns `mkamipw ZnhksØ A\p`h{]hml߃ sim v Hcp ]nsn Hm ΩIƒ kωm\n {]nb F.Fkv. Ft... \n\ p hns F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn

35 H-cp X-Wp-Ø {]-`m-xw. A- v _-tãm- n _-kv Im-Øp-\n - p-tºm-gm-wv Ah-sf B-Zyam-bn Im-Wp Xv. X-Wp-Ø C-fw-Im- n X- -Øn a-d-b- Øns _m- v {Ku- v ayq-kn-iv H-gp-In h-cp- -Xp-t]mse txm n. ]n- o-sv ]-ex-h-w Ah-sf A-tX k- ab-øv I- -t mƒ H-cn- Rm tnm-zn p. F- m t]cv?. \m-ww \n-d- H-cp ]p- n-cn-sb-ss A- hƒ ]-d p. A-\m-an-I. Rm tnm-zn- p F-s C- amtbm? a-dp-]-sn-bm-bv A-hƒ H- p Nn-cn p. F- n- v a-[p-c-kzc-øn tnm-zn- p. 150s ^pƒ tsm- v sssw?. hp- Uv-em n-s jq ta-sn- m Im-iv tnm-zn-t mƒ A- B-sI X- -Xv 200 cq-] jq C-Sm-sX Fß-s\ A -s ap-jøp-t\m pw F-s m pw A-t mƒ B- tem-nn- n. sn-bvxp-sim-sp-øp H-cp ^pƒ tsm- v sssw. ]n o-ssm-cn- A-hƒ ]-d- p \m-sf F- s s_ -Øv tu BWv. Ft m Im-cy-am-bn {]-Xo- n- p- p-s - v A-h-fp-sS I-Æp-I-fn \n- pw F- \n- p a-\- n-em-bn. C m-ø Im-iv I-Sw ta-sn- p A- hƒ-s m-cp k-ωm-\w hm-ßn. 500s t\m- v ssi-øn \n- v t]m-b-t mƒ A-dn-bm-sX B-{K-ln p-t]m-bn A-hƒ- n\n-sbm-cp ]n-d- mƒ D- m-i-cp-tx F- v... Aß-s\ do-nm - p-i-fp-ts-bpw k-ωm-\-ß-fptsbpw Ip-d- p-\mƒ. A- -s t]m- - n-se Im-sims Xo - p-xp-s-ßn. I-Shpw In- m-xm-bn...do-nm - pw a pw Ip-d- p-xp-s-ßn-b-t m-ƒ s]-æv ]-Xp-s h-enbp- p-t m F-s m-cp kw-i-bw... A-{]-Xo- n-x-ambn H-cp Znh-kw A-hƒ ]d- p. \-ap- p ]n-cn-bmw. A-hƒ \-S- -I p, t]m- - n Imipw I-Sw sim-sp- m B-fp-ap- ]pxn-b C-c-sb-tØ-Sn... PohnX kahmiyw kpjøn\pw Zp:JØn\pw CSbn BSn s m ncn p Hcp s] UpeamWt m PohnXw. kie a\pjycpssbpw PohnXØn kpjßfpw Zp:Jßfpw D v. PohnXw kpjzp:j kωn{iamwv. KWnXimkv{X]cambn CXns\mcp sxfnhv \ Im Ignbpw. kvt\lw tn PohnXw kt mj {]Zambncn pat m. CXv Hcp kahmiyambn FgpXnbm Life + Love = Happiness (1) PohnXØn \n pw kvt\lw \ntj[n s m Cu Ahÿ \cixpeyamsw pw ]dtb Xn t m. Life - Love = Sorrow (2) Cu c p kahmiyßfpw IqSn Iq nbm Life + Love = Happiness (1) Life - Love = Sorrow (2) Life = Happiness + Sorrow 2 AXmbXv PohnXw kpjøns bpw Zp:J Øns bpw an{inxamsw v ]dbmw. As n kpjøns bpw Zp:JØns bpw icmicnbmwv PohnXw F v A\pam\n mw. Jibin Jacob S2 BCA AJn Ipam Fw. S6 B.Com F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 35

36 Arun R. Nair S6 BCA kv-iqƒ Po-hn-X-Øn-s lm-tßm-h - amdn. \oc- Pv tim-tf-pv Po-hn-X-Øn-te-bv- v I-S- p-h p. km-am\yw sa- -s - Po-hn-X-km-l-N-cy-ß-fp- m-bn-cp-s - nepw H- -a-i-\m-b \o-c-pn-s\ A-h-s am-xm-]n-xm- ƒ Un{Kn ]Tn- p-hm A-b -Xv k-ly-s a-sn-ø mb ssl-td- n-se km-[m-c-w- m-cp-ss a- ƒ am{xw ]Tn- p- H-cp sndnb tim-tf-pn-te-bv- mwv. hf-sc {]-Xo- tbm-ss Un-{Kn ]Tn- m-s\øn-b \oc-pn\v X-s k- - -ß-tfm-Sv H pw tbm-pn- m-ø km-l-n-cy-߃ G-sd-bp- Ah-\v XpS- w apx-te \-t t_m-d-sn- n-cp p. sn-dp- w apx-te ]T-\-Øn H- m-a-\m-bncp- \o-c-pn-\v A-h-s I-gn-hp-I-sfm pw A-hn-sS ]pdøp-sim- p-h-cm km-[n- n. a-\- n-\n-w-ßm-ø km-l-n-cy-ß-fp-ss k-ω -±w Ah-s\ th- -bm-sn-s m- n-cp p. No-Ø Iq- psi- p-iƒ aq-ew h-gn-]n-g p-t]mi-sh \o-c-pn-s\ \- bn-te-bv- v am-sn-hn-fn- p-hm-s\-t m-ww Ah-s Pohn-X-Øn-te-bv- v hf-sc s]-s - v H-cp s] -Ip- n I- S-s Øn. tz-hn-i, A-Xm-bn-cp- p A-h-fp-sS t]cv. c- mw h -jw Un-{Kn ]Tn- p-tºmƒ tim-tf-pn h- p-\-s- H-cp t{]m-{km-an-se A-h-fp-sS \r-ø-am-wv Ah-s a- \- n-te-bv- v Ah-sf B-\-bn- Xv. sn-dp- -Øn-se A - s\ \- -am-b A-hƒ- v A-Ω am-{x-am-bn-cp- p F mw. A-h-fp-sS A -s B-{K-lw t]m-se Ah-sf H-cp \ -Ø-In-bm- n h-f -Øm A-h-fp-sS A-Ω h-f-scb-[n-iw _p- n-ap- n-bn-cp p. A-h-fp-sS A-c-tß- -Øn- \v A-Ω k-ωm-\n- A-h-fp-sS Poh-s Po-h\m-b Nne- -bn-se c- v a-wn-iƒ D-Xn - p-how-xv \o-c-pns {i- -bn -s - n-cp- p. X-s a-\- n-s hm-xn X- n-øp-d-s Ønb B kp-μcn-tbm-sv B-Zy-am-bn kwkm-cn- m km-[n- -Xn\v, A- v A-c-ßn NnX-dn ho-w Nn-e- -bn-se B a-wn-iƒ Im-c-W-am-bn- Øo p. ]n- o-sv B kw-km-cw ku-lr-z-øn-te-bv pw {]-W-b-Øn-te-bv pw h-gn-xp-d p. A-h-cp-sS {]W-bw B I-em-e-b-Øn F m-h - pw A-dn-bm-am-bn-cp p. Zpx-io-e-ß-fp-sS B-fl-an-{Xam-b Ah-s\ F m-ønepw H- m-a-\m-b H-cp sim- p-an-sp- -\m- n am- nb-xv A-hfp-sS am{xw {]-b-xv-\w sim- m-bn-cp p. A-ßs\- sbm-cn- A-h-cp-sS _- w tz-hn-i-bp-ss A-Ω-bdn p. Xn-I- pw bm-ym-ÿn-xn-ibmb B A-Ω-bv- v A-h-cp-sS _ -sø Aw-Ko-I-cn- m B-bn. kw-`- 36 F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn h-߃ a-w-ø-dn- tz-hn-i-bp-ss A-Ωm-h- m \oc-pn-s\ \ -h-æw s]-cp-amdn. F- nepw \oc-pv tz-hnisb hn- p-]n-cn-bm X-øm-dm-bn-cp- n. ]-t tz-hn- I-bv- v s]-s - v h- hn-hmlm-tem-n-\-iƒ A-h-fpsS Im-cy-Øn H-cp Xo-cp-am- -\-sa-sp- m \o-c-pn-s\ \n -_- n-x-\m- n. \o-c-pn-s\ h-f-sc-b-[n-iw kv-t\-ln- n-cp- Ahs ho- p-im A-h-cp-sS _ -sø A-\p-Iq-en -Xv Ah-\v A-ev-]w B-izm-k-taIn. tz-hni-sb ho- n-tebv- v Iq- n-s m p-t]m-im \oc-pv Xo-cp-am-\n p. C- -s - s]-æn-s\m- w Po-hn- p-hm Ah- \v a- v am - -ß-fp- m-bn-cp- n. t\c-sø Xo-cp-am- \n t]m-se tz-hn-i-tbmsv 6.30 \v sd-bn -th kv-t - j-\n- F-Ø-W-sa- v \o-c-pv ]-d-t - n- n-cp p. a- v Im-cy-ß-sf mw i-cn-bm- n \oc-pv tã-j-\n-te-bv- v X-s ss_- p-sa-sp-øv ]m- p. F- m hn-[nbp-ss {Iq-c-X A-h-s\ ho- pw th- -bmsn. t\-c-sø F-Øm-\p- Xn-Sp- -Øn A-h-s hml-\w H-c-]- I-S-Øn -s - p. tnm-c-sbm-en- p- i-co-c-hp-am-bn h- f-sc-zq-cw A-h- \n -ØmsX HmSn. Hm-Sn- nx- v πm vt^m-an-seøn-b A-h-s\ Im-Øn-cp -Xv X-s PohnX-sØ N-X- c- v No-dn-]m- Xo-h- n B-bn-cp p. A-tX tz-hn-i-bp-sam-øv t]m-im-\n-cp B Xoh- n πm- v-t^m-an \n- v ]p-d-s - n-cp- p. Po-hn-X-Øn-s h-gn-øn-cn-hm-im-am-bn-cp B \n-an-j-߃ I-Æo-cn-s {]Xo- A-kv-X-an- \n-anj-ß-fm-sb- Xn-cn- -dn-hn \- -kz-]v-\-ßsf Hm- - Øv \n-d-i-æp-i-tfm-ssbpw X-f - i-co-c-tøm-ssbpw kv-t j-s I-hm-S-Øn-te-bv- v Xn-cn- -Xpw, A-Xm A-hn-sS X-s Po-h-s Po-h\m-b tzhni tim-bn t_m-iv-kn-s A-cn-In \n - p- p. A-h A-h-fpsS A-Sp-tØ-bv- v sn p. do-ko-h sn-hn-bn h- p I-c p-sim- n-cp- A-h-fp-sS txm-fn A-h X- s hn-d- -bv- p ssi-i-fm kv-] -in- p. tz-hn-ti.. Rm-s\-Øn... sr- n-øn-cn- p t\m n-b tz-hn-i-bp-ss ap-jw ]- m-øm-]-øm hnfd-n- -sh-fpøp. Xoh- n k-a-b-ambn pw F-Øm-Xn-cp- \oc-pv Ah-sf N-Xn-s -t m - Ø A-hƒ- v sx- n. X-s I-øn-en-cp- dn-ko-h h- en-s -dn- ti-jw \o-c-pn-s\ si- n- p-w p. F mw \- -s -s - p hn-nm-cn- X-\n- v H- \n-an-jw sim- v F m kz-]v-\-ß-fpw- Xn-cn p-sim-spø B timbn -t_m-iv-kn-s\ A-h H-cn- epw a-d- n.

37 IÆocneens mco IYsbmcp Imhyw ImWm n\mhns IÆocm kvt\lkm{μamw kvt\limhyw Im ns ssiifm X nøtemsnbm hm piƒ aghn n NmcpXtbmsS am\sø \ {X tim`tbmss k yx h Æ Int mss A csam pifmbv F XqenIØpºn hncns mco hk ta angn\ocwn p cmhp ]pe p ]msm ad p cm msniƒ kvt\lm {Z kwkoxkm z\ Xmfambv HgpInFØp obnsthfbn XmcIsft mse ZqcsØ mepw \n ]p ncn C psa IqsSbnt? BtcmSpw ]dbmsx AdnbmsX au\ambv ambp k yt]mse AgIns Xqhembv, NmcpXbmbv Btcm ]I Ønb Nn{Xambn a\kns a Wns mºn CXƒ hncnbpw kpaaxn tim`bm kq n nsp q \n kulrzw \ndawn at\m amw Hm Ωbn! hnkvab _npp S2 BCom h Æ߃ ambmsx C psat m Ωbn hmnmeambv \n psas txmgm... A p \o ]msnb ]m pifn psa CSs\ n t\mhmbv txßnsp p... Hcp \dp]p ncn au\øn Nmen v Hcp \qdpiyiƒ \o ]d p t\ hgn Im nsb PohnX]mXbn Xmßmbv XWembv \o \n p... C o hnp\amw XocØp Rm H bv p \n p hnxpºnsp p `hyambv hoipao Ip nfw Im nepw t\mhns Ibv p Rm\dn nsp p cmhns ] ms hm\n \nd t mƒ I p Rm ho pam \dp]p ncn h mø IS t]mse kvt\lw Xpfpºp XmcIambn \o an n \n q... Hm ΩX ]pkvxiw ho pw Xpd t mƒ s]m n c pt]mbv AdnbmsX Rm... BdSnaÆnt\mS p \o tn s mcm \nanjsøtbm Øp Rm Rm \n pt]mbn... Hm ΩIƒ a\kn AebSn osth... AdnbmsXbn p Rm tamln pt]mbv... Hcn qsnbo kulrzømfn \n ssihnc Xpsºm p tncphm\mbv... B {Z si. _npp S2 BSc Electronics F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 37

38 Ahfp-sS Hm -ΩIƒ Po-hn-X-Øn-s... ]pxn-b hk- w ]q-øp-e- p... F- nepw A-h ]-g-b h-k- -sø a-d- n... F-ß-s\ a-d pw? F-s Po-hn-X- Øn-\v ]pxn-b h-k- - q- p-iƒ X -Xv A-h-fm-W-t m! tim-tf-pn-s ap- -Øp-Iq-Sn ]-d- p-ifn- p B am-emj-sb Rm {i- n- n-cp- n... A-h X-s Nn- I-sf hn-fn- p- W Øn. F- nepw Ft m Rm Ah-sf A-dn-bm-sX {i- n p. F- n -t\m-spw Iu-Xp-I-ap-W Øn, Imcyw {K-ln- p- hn-\o-x-am-bn kw-km-cn- p- em-fnxyw \n-d- ap-j-hpam-bn... tim-tf-pn h-cm- -bn ]m-dn-\-s- p- Nn-{X-i-e-`w... G-Xv ]q-hm-wv X-s B-I- -jn- p- ]q-ºm -sb X-e-Ip-ep- n hn-fn- m-ø-xv...! ]q-sºm-sn \p-i-cm A-\p-h-Zn- m- Ø-Xv... kv-t\-l-øm X-tem-Sm-Ø- Xv... A-hƒ F-s {i- n-t m... A-tXm... {i- n- ns -tbm... Rm B-tem-Nn- p... {i- n- n F- -Xm-Wv kxyw!! F- nepw Rm Ah-sf A, A- h-fp-ss Ip-kr-XnI-sf kv-t\-ln- ncp- p... Np-cp- Im -Iq- -epw... t]-s-am an-gn-i-fpw.. A-e-kam-b Nncn-I-fpw... sh-sn- m-bp- \-S-Øhpw... \p-w- p-gn-i-fpw... Iq- p-im-tcm-sp- ]n-w- hpw C-W- -hpw... F mw, GtXm ]q -ΔIm-e _- w D- Xp-t]mse! ]-Xn-hnepw t\c-sø tim-tf-pv hn- p... Rm A pw Ah-sf ]n -snm n \-S- p... C -se A-hƒ F-t m-sv an- n-b- XmWv. B- In-ep- mw-s]- n-sb F-\n- v ]n-s bpw C- -am-bn... A-hƒ h- n-bn-te-bv- v Hm-Sn- -bdn-b-xpw... Xn-cn- p-t\m- n I -Nn- Ωn-b-Xpw... ]-t s]-s - v a-d- n-cp- p... shfp-ø tal-sø Im -ta-lw aq-sn... A-sX B am-emj-sb a-c-w-øn I-cn-\n-g B-enwK-\w sn-bv-xp... jmƒ h- n-bn X- n... I-gp-Øv apdp-in h-c -t mƒ A-hƒ- v F- {X th-z-\n- p Im-Wpw... A-hƒ B- tcmspw th-z-\ F-s - -dn-bn- p sim-sp-øn- n. F- n pw A-hƒ th-z-\-sb kv-t\- ln- p a-cn- p... H-cpX-h-W an- n-b-t mƒ H-cp P- w t]m-se txm- n... ]-e {]-mh-iyhpw A-hƒ F-s t\m- n... F- m- B A-h-km\-sØ t\m- w bm-{xm-sam-gn B-bn-cp-s - v Rm A-dn- n. tim-tf-pn P-\- q- -hpw, I-c- n-epw, sh- -]p-x- A-h-fp-sS tz-l-hpw... A-t mgpw Rm I- p... A-h-fp-sS apj-øv am-bm-ø H-cp ]p- n-cn-bpw, Ip-kr-Xn-bp-sS I-fn-bm- -hpw... a-d- m B-{K-ln- p- -Xm-Wv Cu \- -sa- n-epw... Rm A-h-sf kvt\-ln- n-cp- p... \-\- Im -Iq- -epw... ]m-dn- -d- p- ]- p-]m-hm-sbpw Ah-sf H-cp tzhn-bm n. A-sX Ahƒ, F-s a-\- n-s {iotim-hn-en am-bm-ø tz-hn-bm-bncp- p... F-t m, A-Xm-hmw, B tim-tf-pn- \n pw F-s ]-Sn-bn-d- n, a-s m-cp tim-tf-pn ]-dn- p-\-sm-\p- Im-c-W-hpw... A-h-fp-sS Nn-cn-I-fpw... F-s C pw Po-hn- m t{]-cn- n- p- A-hƒ Fs -sbm- w C-hn-sS-bp- Xp-t]mse... A-hƒ A-dn-bp- p- mhpw F-s kv-t\-lsø; A-Xn A-h-fp-sS I-cƒ ]n-s-bp- p- m-hpw... Iq- p-im-c txm-fn X- n-b-t mƒ Ah Hm -Ω-bp-sS h-k- -Iq-Sm-c- Øn \n pw sr- n-bp-w - p... F mw C- -se \- -am-b-t]m-se Ah-\v txm- n.. A-hƒ F-s ]n-cn- n- v h -jw c- v I-gn- p... F- n-epw A-hƒ F-s Po-hn-X-Ønse, Nn- -bn-se kz-]v -\-ß-fn-se \n-xy-k-μ- -i-i-bm-wv... F-{Xtbm hk- w t]m-bv a-d- p... Fß-s\ Rm \n-s a-d- pw... Ah-s I-Æn \n pw H-cp I- Æo -Xp- n A-S - p-ho-wp... H-cmbn-cw I-Æo -Xp- n-iƒ- v k-am-\- am-bn-cp- p B I-Æo -Xp- n... B I-Æo -Xp- n h-{pw t]m-se tim-`n- p...a-xn A-h-fp-sS ap-jw an- n-a-m- p... B I-Æo -Xp- n-sb A-h kv-t\-l-]q -Δw X-s ssi- p-ºn-fn hm-cn-sb-sp-øp. s\-s m-sv tn -Ø-W- p... a-d-hn-bp-ss I-cm-f-lkvXßfn Rm \n-s X- p-i-bn... ]-cn-]m-h-\am-b Hm -Ω-I-fm Rm \n-s aq-spw... A-h ]-Xn-sb ap- - tø- nd-ßn \-S p. ]pd-si H-cp \n-g-em-bn A-h-fpw... Christeena Biju S2 BBA 38 F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn

39 BflmhnsemcpZn\w GI\mbv h p Rm Bfl kuc`yw \pi q Nμ\ m ns hiyxtb p Rm Nm msnbmsn \S q ]q mh\ønse tnme cbn Rm kz]v\ßtf n ns q sh new]mebn \n n phoswmcp tx Xp nsb n ]S q kz ÆNtImc߃ hs s Np n\pw \ ItfmXn d q s]m cb ߃ sh NndIm nsb tzløp sx ]I q Ip pam Ip niƒ hs s ]mz߃ DΩht mxn ad p ]oenhncns Øn XmfØnemSnb s]m abnses pw q \oehnxm\øn sh hncn n p sh {]mhn Iq w ]d q tx Ipbn s Æns Kmt\m]NmcØn Rm\dnbmsXm pdßn IÆp Xpd t mƒ Cs s Np nepw I Xn s piƒ am{xw ]mgvacp`qaniƒ Np pw \ndbv p p \oc Im n apg w B Øes Øp sn mbn Iq ߃ B SnhmXn IS q t]cdnbmsømcp ]mgvp ambn Rm txss Bflmhn tziw \n KpWamsbmcp ]mgvhkvxphmbv PUw Cu aæn tn enbs. s{]m^. t{]wem ]n.un. CeIvt{SmWnIvkv Un m vsa v F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 39

40 A-h hn-jm-z-\m-bn-cp p. I-em-e-b-Øn \n pw hn-s-]-d-bp-hm C-\n G-Xm\pw \m-fp-iƒ A Zn-h-k-߃ am-{xw.. Ah Hm- - p-i-bmwv, F-{X s]-s - m-wv aq- v h -j-߃ I-S- p-t]m-bxv. h -j- Im-e-߃ a-g-øp- n-i k-ωm-\n- v I-S p-t]mbn. h-k- w Ipd- v ]q- ƒ k-ωm-\n- v s]m-gn- -I p. Xm A-dn- -tx-bn I-em-e-b Po-hn-Xw C-{X-s]- s - v A-h-km-\n- p-sa v. Ah-s Ip- n- mew. D-b - D-tZym-K-ÿ-cpsS a-i, ]-t A-h Xn-I pw H-cp {Km-a-kv-t\-ln B-bn-cp p. {Km-a-Øn-eq-sS sn-cp- n msx Hm-Sn-\-S- p-hm A-h B-{K-ln- p. Ah-s Po-hn-XØn s]-s - v H-cp ]-dn- p-\-s \-S- p. ]n-xm-hn-s ÿ- ew-am w. AXpw A-h C- -s -Sm-Ø H-cp ]- -W-Pohn-X-Øn-te-bv v. H-cp D-b - Cw- o-jv ao-un-bw kv- Iq-fn ]Tn- p- H-cp Ãp-U v B-tI- n h- p A- h-\v. ]- -W-Øn-se 32 mw \n-e ^v-fm- n-se 4 ap-dn- p- n C-cp- v A-h {Km-a-Øn-se ]- - pw ]p-g-tbmchpw kz-]v-\w I- p. A-h h-f p. ]-{ mw mkv D-b - am -t m-ss ]m- mbn. am-xm-]n-xm- ƒ- v a-s-tß- n-h p. a-i-s B-{K-l-Øn-\v sn-d-p- - Øn \- -s - B {Km-ao-W-Po-hn-Xw Iemeb PohnXØn Xn-cn- p-]n-sn- -W-sa- m-bn-cp- p Ah-s B-{Klw. A-Xn- -h-\mbn. A-[n-Iw ]- -W-am-Im Xp- S-ßm-Ø H-cp ]- - p-\n-d- I-em-e-b-Øn tn-cm A-h-\m-bn. hf-sc k-t m-j-]q-cn-x-am-bn-cp- p I-em-e-b- Po-hn-X-Øn-s Xp-S w. ]- -W-Øn-se ^v-fm- n \n- pw ]m-xn hm-sn FØn-b Ah-\v kq-cy-{]-im-i-øn ]- - n-s K- -ap- ip- -hm-bp ]-p-xp-po-h GIn. F mtwm A-h B-{K-ln -Xv Ah-\v A-Xp-e-`n p. I-em-e-b-Øn \ kp-lr-xv _- -߃ D- m- m Ah-\v km-[n p. {Km-a-Øn h-f - -h-cm-bn-cp- p Ahs Iq- p-im. A-h s]-s - p-x-s I-em-e-b Pohn-Øn ap-gpin. ]T-\-tØm-sSm- w A-h IemImbn-I-cw-KØpw Xn-c- p-]n-sn p. B I-em-e-b-Øn Ah-s\ G- hpw B-I -jn -Xv I-em-e-b ap -sø Nph- ]q- -fp- hm-i-a-chpw A-Xn-\p-Np-h- n-se X-dbpw B-bn-cp p. B X-d-bn C-cp- v Iq- p-im -s m- w A-h X-am-i-Iƒ ]- p-sh p, k- -S-߃ ]-Ip- Øp \ In. B hm-i-a-chpw B X-dbpw Ah-s I- em-e-b Po-hn-X-Øn-se a-d- m-\m-hm-ø c- p Im-cy߃ BWv. Ah-s Po-hn-XØn-se B-Zy-tØbpw A-h-km-\-tØbpw {]W-bw B-cw-`n- Xpw B hm-i- Ø-d-bn \n- m-wv. c- mw h -j-øn-s Xp-S- -Ønem-Wv A-h B kp-μ-cn-sb I- Xv. Ah-s Pq-\nb B-bn F-Øn-b-Xm-bn-cp- p B kp-μcn. B {]Wbw C-t mgpw Xp-S-cp p. I-em-e-b Po-hn-Øn-se F m h -Æ-ßfpw A-h B-kz-Zn- p. \- -s B Ip- n- m-ew X-s Iu-am-c-Øn B I-em-e-b-Øn-h Xn-cn- p-]n-sn- m A-h-\m-bn. A-h sr- n-bp-w p. Iq- p-im FØn. ]- Xn-hp X-am-i-Ifpw k- -S-ß-fpw ]- p-h-bv- p-hm. F- nepw a-\- n H-cp hn-jmzw. I-em-e-b Po-hn-Xw A- h-km-\n- p-tºmƒ ]- -W-Øn-se H-cp D-b - timtf-pn ai-\v ko- p-d- n- v a-i-t\-bpw Im-Øn-cn- p-ibm-wv am-xm-]n-xm ƒ. B {Kmao-W Po-hn-Xw A-hkm-\n- n- p-hm A-h-s\ am-xm-]n-xm- ƒ \n -_- n- p p. Iq- p-im -s m- w hn-e-s - {Kmao-W Pohn-Xw ]- p-sh B hm-i-a-cø-d-tbm-sp hn-s-]-d-bphm A-h-\m-In. B I-em-e-b-tØm-Sv Ah-s\ tn - Øp \n Ønb B A-Zr-iy-i- n-sb t\m- n Xn-cn- p \-S- p-hm A-h-\m-bn. B-bmepw ti-jw ]- -W-Øn-se s]m-snbpw ]p-ibpw \n-d- A- -co- -Øn C-cp v Hm - ptºmƒ a-\- n H-cp s\m-kv- mƒpn-b D-b -Øn H-cp- ]m-sv h -Æ-߃ hnx-dn a\- v X-Wp- n- m-\m-hpw Cu I-em-e-b-h -Æ-߃- v... Jithu N. M. S2 BCA 40 F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn

41 F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 41

42 42 F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn

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47 F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 47

48 48 F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn

49 hn{i-a-po-hn-xw kp-μ--cam- p-hm H-cp Pohn-X Im-e-Øn-s ap-gp-h `m-chpw C- d- n-h- v kz-ÿ-am-bn H-cp hn{i-a Po-hn-Xw C-Xm-Wv \-Ωp-sS \m- n 50 I-gn- an- -h-cp-tsbpw a-\- n- se hm - -Iy-sØ- p-dn- p k- w. kz- w tnmcbpw \ocpw \ -In h-f Øn-b a- ƒ pw t]-c- p- n-iƒ- p-w H- w k-am-[m-\-tøm-ss Po-hn- m F- {X h-tbm-[n-i - p km-[n- p- p- v F- -XmWv kwibw. s]m-cp-ø-s -Sm-\m-hm-Ø ta-j-e-iƒ ]-e-xps - nepw am-xm-]n-xm- -fp-am-bn A-\p-c-Rv-P-\-Øn t]m-im a- ƒ ]-ecpw {i-an- p- n F- p am-{xa, Ah-sc H-cp _m-[y-x-bm-bn ]-cn-k-wn- p-ibpw snøp p. 60 h-b- n-\p ti-j-ap- Im-e-sØ-bm-Wv \mw s]m-xp-th hm- - Iyw F- p hn-ti-jn- n- p- Xv. H- cmƒ- v H-gn-hm- m-\m-hm-ø, B-{K-ln- m-sx-sb-øp-, kzm-k-x-an m-sx I-S- p-h-cp- {]-iv-\-]q-cn-xamb Po-hn-X-L- -amwv. Cu L- -Øn a-\p-jy t\-cn- Sp- {]-iv-\-߃ G-sd-bmWv. im-cn-co-ihpw am-\-kn-ihpw _u- n-i-hp-amb timjww. G-Im- X h-cp-am-\-ap- m- m I-gn-bp- n-s - Nn a- p- -h-cn \n- p ]-cnk-w-\ e-`n- p- n F txm- {i- bpw ]-cn-k-w-\bpw e-`n- m-\p- {]-h -Ø- \-߃ Iq-Sp-X Ip-g- -߃ D- m- p p. a- fpw sim- p-a- fpw AS- w {]n-b-s - -hcp-ss km-ao-]yw am-{x-a, A-h-cp-sS Aw-Ko-Im-chpw hm - -Iy-Ime-Øv B-fp-Iƒ B-{K-ln- p p. h-b- m- b-xn-\m - a- p-f-f-h-cp-ss ap- n sn-dp-xm-bn t]m-ipsa txm- ]-e - pw D- m-ip p. C-Xn-s ^-e-am-bn Aan-X tz-jyw, B-i-, hn-jm-zw Xp-S-ßn- ]-e {]-iv-\-ßfpw D-sS-se-Sp- p p. ]-e-x-c-øn-ep- B-tcm-Ky-{]-iv-\-߃ a-[yh-b- p- ap-x -t X-e-s]m- p-sa- n-epw, C-h aq - n- p -Xv hm - -Iy-tØm-sS-bmWv. {]-ta-lhpw simf-kv-t{smfpw ap-x a-d-hnbpw hn-jm-zhpw h-sc ]-e {]-iv-\-ßfpw im-cn-co-i-am-bn F- -Xn-t\- mƒ am-\- kn-i-ambpw Iq-Sn Ch-sc X-f -Øp- p. Po-h\pw Po-hn- Xhpw \ -In h-f -Øn-b-h-cn \n- p e-`n- p- Xn- m-\p-`-h-߃ Iq-Sn B-Ip-tºmƒ Po-hn-Xw Zpcn-X ]q -Æ-am-bn Xo-cp- p.]n-sn-hm-in-i-fp-tsbpw \n -_- - _p- n-i-fp-tsbpw Imew Iq-Sn-bm-Wp hm - -Iy-Imew. X-ß-fp-sS Po-hn-X-km-l-N-cy-ßfpw A-\p-`-hn- I- - m-sp-ifpw Xm-ßn-b Zp-cn-X-ßfpw a- p-f-fh-sc ]d- p t_m-[y-s -Sp-Øm ]-ecpw {i-an- p p. F- m Xnc-kv-I-cn- -s -Sp-I-bpw sn-øp p. sn-dp-a -sf Xn-cp- Øn t\ -h-gn- p \-bn- m {i-an- p-tºmgpw C-XpXs ^ew. B pw X-ß-tfm-Sv kv-t\-l-an- F- v A-h-cp-sS a-\- n ]-Xn-bp p. b-ym - -Øn C- h kv-t\-lw Xn-cn- -dn-bp- n F- -Xm-Wv hm-kv- Xhw. F- m Cß-s\ ]-cn-x-]n pw ]n-sn-hm-in Im- Wn- pi-f-bm-\p- -X hm - -Iyw. Po-hn-X-Øn-s Xnc- p-i-sf- mw H-gn- v X-ß-fp-tS-Xp am-{xam-b km- {am-py-øn hn-l-cn- m-\p- kp-h -Æ Im-e-L- amwv. I-S-a-Ifpw _m-[y-x-ifpw ap -\n-dp-øn k-^-eo- I-cn- -s -Sm-sX t]m-bxpw am- n-h- -Xpam-b kz-]v-\- ߃ ]q -Øo-I-cn- m-hp- k-a-b-amwv. hm-b-\bpw F-gpØpw ]- n h-f -Øepw bm-{x-i-fpw... A-ßs-\ hn-im-eam-b km-[y-xiƒ Cu Im-e-L- -Øn ap- nep v. Po-hnX-sØ Hm-tcm-cp-Øcpw G-Xp co-xn-bnen t\m- n- m-wp- p F- -Xm-Wp {]-[m-\w. 60 \p tijw A -cw ]Tn- v. I-hn-Xm k-am-lm-cw ]p-d-ønd- n-b-h h-sc \-ap- n-s-bn-ep v. \m-tam-cp-øcpw hm - -Iy-Ime-sØ k-lnjvw-px-tbm-ss t\m- n- m-w-ww. P- w \ In, t]m- n h-f Øn-b am-xm-]n-xm -sf A-h-cp-sS Ip-d-hp-Iƒ Aw-Ko-I-cn p-sim- px-s kv-t\-ln- p-i. B-hkyam-b {i- bpw ]-cn-n-c-whpw \ -Ip-I. hn-{i-a- Po-hn-Xhpw kp-μ-chpw kp-c-`n-ehpw B-sW- v A- h vp t_m-[y-s -Sp-Øn-s m-sp- p-i. buδ-\w t]mse kp-μ-c-kp-c-`n-e-ami-s hm - -Iyw. \-S- m-sx t]mb kz-]v-\-ßfpw k-^-eo-i-cn- m-sx t]m-b B-{K-lß-fpw Cu Im-e-L- -Øn ]q-øp-e-b-s... Asha Mary Thomas S6 BBA F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 49

50 t\ Ø \nemhns Xqhembn XgpIpw \n au\sa p neo agbmbv s]mgnbth... AgnhmXnen ]q pw snº\o ]qhnxƒ angn Xqhn \n p \n kzcamben nsm... Zea Ωcw ti p ImtXm Øp \n th Aebpw In\mhmbv NmcØp h p \o... HgpIp kzcambv \nemhmbv s]mgn nsm simxnbqdn \n pao ]qhnxƒ X kzc cmkambv s]bvxp \o tx agøp nbmbv \\hm k yx amdn abßpao cm msn ]msp CuWambv tiƒ p Rm \dp\nemhmbv ]q pw hmnmelrzbhpw angnøpºnsemgpipw \\pø \n {]Wbhpw Nncn XqIn \n pw \n Ihnfn XtemSth Ccpfns adbøp \o am pt]mitbm... cmhn Xf p Rm angn]q n \n th Hcp Ip p Im mbv XtemSn \o am pthm Hcp hm p tiƒ m simxn p Rms\ pw \n lrzbønemsw hm p am{xw axn Hm ØoSpIn ImØncn mw \n\ mbv C\nbpw P\n nsmw ImØncn pin thgmºembv ImØncn p Rmt\I\mbv \osbs NmcØW nspw \mƒ hcm. 50 F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn lcnirjw C._n. S6 Bsc Electronics

51 sfizcy Genbmkv S4 BCA B[p\nI kaqlhpw \jvss Sp am\hniaqeyßfpw ]ptcmka\øns ]mxbn ImeN{Iw AXn{ZpXw aptºm pcpfp b{ h IrX bpkamwt m C tøxv. ChnsS, \jvss Sp am\hni aqeyßtf pdn v \mw Nn nt Imew AXn{Ian ncn p p. kxy [ ΩmZnIfn A[njvTnXamb Hcp kaqlw \ap p mbncp p. ]cnjvirx PohnXØns I]SXIƒ G mxncp Hcp kaqlw. F m, kaimeni kaqløntebv v \mw ItÆmSn ptºmƒ a\ nte B {ZX h n hc, kzm XbpsS {]Xncq]ßsfbt \ap v ImWphm km[n p Xv? alm mcpss {]t_m[\ßfpw a pw Im n ]døn kz w Imcyw knμm_mzv F ap{zmhmiyw HmXn timacw Xp p Hcp ] w BfpIfm C o kaqlw \nd ncn p p. Xs bpw Xs IpSpw_Øns bpw Bhiy߃ v am{xw {]mapjyw I n p a Xy\n \n pw klicw at\m`mhw A{]Xy ambns m ncn p p. F p h mepsa\n mkzzn Ww, ap ncn mdp t]meps mco PohnXw F B]vXhmIyw a\ m Dcphn p \S p a\pp\v Ab mcs thz\bpw hnjaxbpw a\ nem phm FhnsS kabw...? klpohntbmsp kvt\lw C v A\yambns m ncn p p. kvt\lamwjne kmcaqgnbn F v ]msnb Ihnbv v sx n. kvt\ltø mƒ hne C v a p ]exn\pamwv. hnzym`ymkw h n p Xn\pkcn v klmb a\kvicpw B {ZlrZbcpw BtI Xn\v ]Icw Iw]yq bpkønse \n hnimccmb Iw]yq dpifmbn amdm\mwv A[nIw t] pw Xm cyw. kzm em`øn\pw Imcykm[yØn\pw th n F pw snøm asnbn møhcmbn amdnbncn p p ]pxpxeapd. kz w PohnXw Xs {]lk\ambn amdp Ahÿ. AXmWv C sø ]cnjvirx kaqlw. [mcmfnøøns bpw I]SXbpsSbpw AXn{]kcw IogS nb C sø kaqløn a\pps a\pjyxzw FhnsStbm t]mbv ad ncn p p. IcpWbpsSbpw Aenhns bpw IWnIIƒ C msx, tihew ZpjvSXbpsSbpw a pw Bhmkambn amdnbncn p p am\hlrzb߃. em`s mxn ]q a\pjy Xm B{Kln Xv kz am m hy{kx sim ptºmƒ, apºn ImWp XS w AXv F v Xs bmbmepw sh nam p p. am KXS w kz w amxm]nxm fmbmepw ktlmzcßfmbmepw ehteiw Zb IqSmsX AdpØp am phm am{xw a\pjy A[:]Xn ncn p p. kl\øns bpw [ ΩØns bpw ]mx a\pp\v C v lnxa mxmbncn p p. Cu Ahÿbv v am w hcptø Imew AXn{Ian ncn bt... kxyønepw sfiyønepw \nesim p Hcp kaqlsø hm søsp m \mw HmtcmcpØcpw _m[yÿcmwv F Xncn dnhv \ap p miww. alm\mb ]q m\w Xncpta\n m\ m\ bneqss C{]Imcw ]msn. IqSnb ]nd p t\cøpw IqSnb acn p t\cøpw at ybnßs\ ImWp t\cøp a cn p sx n\p \mw hrym... AsX. t]m fambn amdnbncn pibmwv kaqlw. IhnbpsS Bi amdphm \mw {]bxv\n Ww. a\ n \ bpss Zo]w sismsx kq n p lrzb߃ v B shfn w kaqløntebv v hym]n n phm Ignbt... \ΩpsS [oct\xm ƒ kz]v\w I, am cyhpw hntzzjhpw C mø ]ckv]cklicwtømss h Øn p Hcp ]pxpxeapd AXmhs \ΩpsS e yw... temim kakvxm... kpjnt\m `h p... F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 51

52 kulrzøn Hm ΩIfn... aq cw Iq nhmbn sh AdnbmsX HgpIn Rms\s kulrz ImeØneqsSsbmcp \o agiwßfmbo... shbn Xm]Øn \o Ww BImiØneqsSmgpIn Hcp Ipfn sx em HgpIp p agbmbn `qanbn... F lrzbhpw \ndbp q a[pctadpw kulrztx\mbn AWbptam \o ho psamcp h mbn F kulrzw \pwbm... A nbmbv, Xm]ambv \ndbp kulrzw sndnb cks m n ]ncnsb Cc n pw shdpsx Ieln pw Hm p p Rm Hm ΩIƒ C se t]m ]ncnbphm\mimsxsbmcp ssiøn ssiiƒ tim ØXpw txmfpcpωn samgn hm pifpw hnscp p aghn n tim`tbmss... A\izcamao ]pwyhm v \nxybuδ\ambn HgpIptºmƒ \aps mcpan mw Hm aifpss Hmfßfn \ kplrøp fmbn... H p am{xw Rm samgnbp p C\nsbm p ]nwßm C\nsbm p CWßm C\nsb p ImWpw \Ωƒ Hcn qsn Cu kulrzw ]qhwnbm... imcni n imcni n \o tiƒ p pthm \odpsa, am\khnimcw, A{iphn IpXn s msc t\mhpaww Hcp \mfn Rms\Øpw kjo \n NmcØv A\ ao am\øn Xmcambn Pzen m th ]msn s\mºc߃ apdnthev]n p sx lrzbsa dnbp n tbm.. ]p ncnbn Ie \n ]cn`hw X ps sx ae hmsnbnse Ipkpaßsf.. hnæn XmcI߃ th ]ncn Xn ^etam, aæn s]bvsxmgnbps mco h jw angnifn ]mbp XotKmf߃ sr ]qhn\p ]n mse CWbm th s] sh cn{]mhn s\mºcw Adnbp n tbm \o imcnti... hnxpºpsa angniƒ Aebp Xpw hnzqcxbn adbpw imcni n \ns txsn...!! \o\p amxyp S2 BCA A`nemjv N{μ S6 BSc Electronics 52 F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn

53 tnmeh\ßsf sxm dn v Hcp {]IrXn ]T\bm{X BImiv X Bcw]n n S2 BCom aecwn mspifpss acxiim n aetbmcøns ] pw aæn ]WnsbSp p hs XesbSp pamwv CSp n. CSp nbpss asnø n h jßfmbn Adnhns shfn w XqIp kckzxn t {XamWv cmpipamcnbpss kz w F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv. hnik\øns bpw hyhkmbh cw Øns bpw t]cn \ndw aßp CSp nbpss at\mlmcnxsb ASpØv Adnbphm\pw Ahsb Ignbp {X kwc n v \n Øn hcpw Xeapd v ssiamdpi F e ytømspiqsn F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpnse ^nkn FUypt j hip v ta[mhn at\mpv kmdns t\xrxzøn Ipdn n q w t\ _v timtfpn {]h Øn p p v. Ipdn n Iq Øns {]h Ø\Øns `mkambn Hcp {XnZn\ Iymºv ]mºmspwtnme tziotbmzym\øn kwlsn n pibp mbn. ticfh\w hip pambnklicn mwnxv kwlsn n s Xv. Cu Iymºn ]s Sp phm\mbn Ccp]Ønbmdv hnzym nifpw Bdv A[ym]Icpw tn v 28/01/2014 cmhnse ]Øv awn v Nn n, [\y F o c v {SmhedpIfnembn ]mºmspwtnme tziotbmzym\ønte v bm{x Bcw`n p. at\mpv kmdns t\xrxzønep kwløn hnzym n Iƒ v ]pdsa at\jvkm, A\n km, lcnkm, Acp km, Imthcn So F nhcp mbncp p. BSnbpw ]msnbpw XamiIƒ ]d pw cmpipamcnbpss GetØm ßfpsSbpw ]q md apxep txenb tøm ßfpsSbpw a\w Ihcp `wknbmkzzn v R߃ ap t]m p \oßn. bm{xmat y B\bn dß Umans ZriyNmcpX A\p`hn dnbphm RßfhnsSbndßn. \oe ] phncn B Pemib Øns a\w Ihcp ImgvNIƒ ] møeam n \nch[n Nn{X߃ IymadIfn ]I Øn R߃ ho pw bm{x XpS p. D tbmspiqsn am ps nbnse Hcp PemibØns AcnIn R߃ D ` Ww Ign p. GItZiw aq p awntbmss aq m tsm v tãj\nseøn. tsm v tãjs apifnte v D bm{x Im \Sbmbncp Xn\m Aev]w Bbmk ambncp p. F m BfllXymap\ºnse at\m lcimgvniƒ Rßfnse owsø ZqscbI n. \nch[n Ne n{x߃ v ZriyNmcpX ]I CSamWsX v AhnSpsØ Hcp \m pimc RßtfmSv ]d p. XpS v R߃ \mep awntbmsp IqSn ]mºmspwtnme tziotbmzym\øns t\ FUypt j sk dn FØn. Aev]hn{ia Øn\pw Nmb pw tijw sshipt ctømss GI tziw Ggp awntbmspiqsn mkn ]s Sp m \mbn HmUnt mdnbøn FØn. ]mºmspw tnmebnse acw tim p XWp v F hcnepw Aev]w AkzÿX Dfhm nsb nepw Iymºns\ pdn p BImw bnembncp p F mhcpw. ]mºmspwtnmebnse t^mdã Bb s_ nkm BWv BZyw mkv FSpØXv Unkw_dn BWv ]mºmspwtnme F {]tziw tziotbmzym\ambn {]Jym]n sx pw \nekncn am t F AXy]q Δ Pohnbpw IeymWptXem F dnbs Sp Hcp hr Øns bpw km n[yamwv Cu ÿesø Hcp tziotbmzym\ambn {]Jym]n m ImcWsa pw At±lw ]d p. ticfønse G hpw sndnb tziotbmzym\ßfnsem mb CXn\v sq.km hnkvxo Wta D psh pw kap{z\nc n \n pw 1819 ao DbcØnemWnXv ÿnxn snøp sx pw At±lw ]d p. ISph, Im pt]møv, IcSn apxemb arkßfpss kmao]yw AhnsSbps dn t mƒ F mhcnepw sndnsbmcp `bap mbn. F m Ahsbm pw t\cn v \sω B{Ian pi bns pw \Ωƒ {]tim]\p m mxncp m axnsb pat±lw D]tZin p. ]n osv h\h cwøns {]m[m\ysø pdn pw Ah \ap v Xcp kmzriy ßsf pdn pat±lw hmnme\mbn. XpS t±lw ASpØ Znhkw \S m\ncn p {S nwkns\ pdn v RßtfmSv kwkmcn p. hfsc i_vzap m msx aptºm v \oßnbmse arkßsf sbms ImWm\mIp F pat±lw ]d p. ]n osv F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 53

54 F ctbmspiqsn R߃ AØmgw Ign v InS p. InS p Xn\p apºv {]Xo Iƒ pa pdømbn h\whip v Iymºn\pth n snbvx k oicw ßsf Ipdn msw mhcpw hmnmecmbxv. \ ` Whpw XmakkuIcyhpw F mhscbpw BI jn p. Ccp]Ønsbm ]Xmw XobXn cmhnse Xs {]`mx` WØn\p tijw {S nwkn\mbn R߃ Xømdmbn. At mtg pw at\mpvkm Hcp kt mjhm Ø Rßfn FØn p. At Znhkw at\jv Imthcn A[ym]I ZºXnIfpsS c mw hnhmlhm jniambncp p. AXns `mkambn at\jvkmdpw Imthcn So dpsamcpan v ti v apdn p. Rßsf mw AXn ] mfnifmhp Ibpw snbvxp. Hcn IqSn B A[ym]IZºXn Iƒ v awkfmiwkiƒ t\cp p. XpS v R߃ {S nwkn\mbv ]pds p. c v sskupiƒ R߃s m ap mbncp p. Im nte v IS p Xn\v apºpxs R߃ v hgnbcpin h v aebæm, Icn pcßv, km[mcw Ipcßv F nhsb ImWphm Ign p. Aw_cNpw_nIfmb h acßfpw Ip n mspifpw h n S pifpw \nd XmWv ImSv. {]IrXnbpsS bym kuμcyw ASpØdnbphm Cu bm{x aqew Ign p. AXy]q Δ snsnifpw ] nifpw Rßsf hcth p. bm{xmat[y I Im pt]møp IfpsS Iq w R߃ nsbn Aev]w ]cn{`m n ]cønsb nepw Bflkwba\tØmsS F mhcpw ap t]m p \oßn. D v Rßtfhcpw aebpss apifnseøn. AhnSpsØ hn{iati{μøn Aev]w hn{ian tijw R߃ Xmgvhcbnte v Xncn p t]m p. CXn\nSbn {]IrXnbpsS Hmtcm `mhßfpw IymadIÆpIfneqsS H nsbsp m F mh pw XnSp ambncp p. Xncn v XmakÿesØØn D ` Ww Ign tijw R߃ h hsbnte v bm{x Xncn p. ] dn Irjn v {]ikvxamb h hs R߃ v Hcp ]pxnb A\p`hambn. t{ãm_dn snsnifpw, ssh\pw Pmapsa mw Rßfn IuXpIapW Øn. ]n osv Iymc v txm ßfn \n pw ÿedsaÿs klmbtømss R߃ Xs Iymc v hnfsh SpØp. \qdp Intemtbmfw Iymc v hmßn R߃ Xncn p t]m p. Xncns ØnbXn\p tijw hn{ian p Xn \nsbn R߃ v h mø A\p`hw ]I H mbncp p Im pt]møpifpss Iq w RßfpsS XmakÿesØØnbXv. AXphsc ASpØv ImWm IgnbmXncp B arkßsf ASpØv I t mƒ Iymad ^vfmjpiƒ an ns mt 54 F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn bncp p. AhcpsS XmakÿeØv BcmWo A]cn NnX F a n Ah Rßsf Xpdn p t\m n \n p. ]n osv h\whip nse kt mjvkmdns mkv Bbncp p. At±lw F mhtcmspambn AhnSpsØ A\p`h߃ ] psh phm ]d p. AhnSpsØ \ kuicyßsf pdn pw {]IrXn kuμcy pdn pamsw mhcpw hmnmecmbxv. F m sshzypxnbpss A`mhw F mh pw Hcpt]mse _p nap p m nsb v R߃ ]d p. AXn\ptijw Iem]cn]mSnIƒ AhXcn n pi bp mbn. at\jvkm ticføns hnπhihn bmbncp hbemdns XmSI F {ZmhnU cmpipamcn F IhnX AhXcn n p. ]n osv ]m hxnbpw tpm kwpw Km\ßfme]n p. F mh pw th n A\n km Iymºns\ pdn p AhtemI\w \SØn. XpS v A`nemjv F mh pw th n h\whip nt\msp \μn {]Imin n p. XpS v AØmgØn\v tijw Hcp Iymw]v ^b kwlsn n pibp mbn. F mhcpw Xobv p Np pw IqSnbncp v A m cn Ifn p. ]n osv tpm k Iymw]ns\ pdn p Hcp Sn.hn. dnt m v lmkycqt]w AhXcn n p. ]n osv F mhcpw Ddßm\mbn InS p. Ahkm\Znhkw cmhnse Xs F mhcpw IqSn ]cnkcw hrønbm n πmãn pw N pnhdp Ifpw s]dp n am n. CXn\nSbn Im pt]møns Hcp Iq sø ]I shfn Øn R߃ p ImWphm Ahkcw e`n p. ]n osv Iymw]ns k n^n v hnxcww Bbncp p. XpS p IrX X v tijw Rßsf mhcpw a\kn m a\tkmsssb nepw 10 awntbmss Xncn p t]m p. Xncn p t]mcptºmƒ Ah W\obamb B {]IrXn kuμcysø hmgvøphm B pw hm piƒ C mbncp p. Cu kmlncyøn almihn NߺpgbpsS GXm\pw hcniƒ B almkw` hsø hnhcn phm ISsaSp p p. aecwn mspiƒ Xnßn hnßn acxi Im nbn apßn Icfpw angnbpw Ih p an n Idbs mcmeky {Kma`wKn ]pfiw t]m Ip n ]pdøp how ]pxaqs a e ]p In \o n ]pescmfn amae t{iwniƒx ]pdinembv hs ms Øn t\m n... axnsa h W\w \nßsfm m ae\msv I m simxn pt]mipw (Nߺpg)

55 AΩp ]n.hn. S2 BCA C\nsb nepw ]dbmsx ]msp Ipbnens\ t]m, AdnbmsX BSp abnens\ t]m, A\pcmKw F n Aens mcm t\cw Adn ncp n \osb Pohs\ v AdnbmsX \ns Rm {]Wbn Imehpw ]ncnbmsx \n n Aens mcm t\chpw ]ns Rm h \pcmkw ]d Xpw an msx IÆpIƒ IYIƒ ]d Xpw Hm p p kjn Rms\ lrzbøpsn p t]m, an msx ]dbmsx As s lrzbw \ns {]Wbn txm Ωbpt m? h j߃ \os mcm ImeØn\ pdw Ft msens mcm kvt\lw Rm\dnbp p A sø BlvfmZw a\ n Hfn n v Cs s lrzbw txßnsp p Fßp ad p \o Fs hn v? \ndhm I Iƒ X thz\ ImWmsX Fs ]ncn p \o t]mbsxt? Bcp ]ncn mepw Bcp ad mepw Fs hn Ien F dnbmw! F Pohs XpSn XS p hogpw F \pcmkambv atæmsen p tncpw...! C\nsb nepw hcptam \osb A cmflmhn Hcp \\pø Xqh kv] iambv C\nsb nepw hcptam \osb AIt mwn Hcn epw hmsmø ]pjv]ambn Imew CeIƒ simgnbpw t]mse IS p t]mbn EXpt`Z߃ am an msx IS p t]mbn ag ImØp Icbp thgmº t]mse Rm txßp p C\nsb nepw hcptam \o hnclthz\bn \odp F a\w IYbdnbmsX hnßp Cfw Ipcp ns\t mse A lxbns dnbmsa nepw Rm AebpIbmbv \n\ mbv... \nemhn shfn Ønepw ]Ien {]ImiØnepw GIm bmbv ]n XpScpIbmWv Rm \obdnbmsx \ns... Hm ΩIfmWv Fs ho pw ho pw \ns Xncbm t{]cn n p Xv \n\ mbv Xqhm IÆocns \n n\n F nepw lrzbøn AIØmfpIfn FhnsStbm ambmsx Ipcpßnb \n apjhpw Bthmfw \n\ v Xcm kvt\lap v {]nbm... HSphn F ImØncn n\p hncmaambn. _n_n ]n. _n. S4 BBA F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 55

56 ImØncn v ImØncn p p Rm, ImØncn n\mgtasdsb dn n pw \nemhns\ txmg\m n, Zp:JsØ kjnbm n F nepw Ahcmcpw Adn n... Fs ImØncn v \n\ pw th nbmsw v... timsa pw ininchpw, \ndiæpitfmss bm{x ]d p Ahsbm pw Fs kv] in n ; As n Rm\Xv Ku\n txbn ImcWw, Rm \n\ mbv ImØncn bmwt m h jtalsat msp ]nwßn Im pw ]q fpw Fs t\m n Nncn p F nepw F \ni_vz kwkoxta... \obmsws Pohizmkw.. \o am{xw Zn\cm{X߃ simgn p hogptºmƒ \ngepw \nemhpw \n{zsb ]p Iptºmƒ \o XncnsIsbØp Xpw ImØv C o a n Rm\pw F \n\hpifpw \msf \mw Hcp kwkoxamipw \obmw {ipxnbpw Rm\mIp ebhpw. sfizcy Genbmkv S4 BCA lrzbcmkw a[pci\hns Ipfncp cm{xnbn F CSs\ n Hcp IqSp Iq n, a\kns ambnsi \o... hnscmø sam s... hnscm q sam mbn AIemsX {]mws\ t\mhp Iodpw a[pcs\mºcambn... a\kneeobq F {]nb kjn... IÆo IWßfn IqSpIq n \obpw hnshmßpan cmhn A\pcmK Xnc ao pw A\p]a aptø \o... A\phmZtaImsX AI p t]mitbm...? lrzbcmktømwntbdn XncnsI \osbøpsas s CSs\ ntemfambv I\hp X IqSp Iq n ImØncn q kjn... Imetasd Ignbptam... F ImØncn n Imeahkm\bm{XtbmsSm tam...? hnzym hniz\my S2 BCA kz]v\]pjv]w sam n p \n pao kz]v\ kpk ߃ X kpk w hns p knμqc]pjv]ambn Hm ΩItfmtcm mbv ]n n I t mƒ sr p howp F kz]v\]pjv]w Hcp Imebh\nI ]n n I t mƒ F nse Fs Rm ad pt]mbv BtcmcpadnbmØ Zp:JkXyßsf Hcmbncw Hm ΩIfn ] pshbv p p Rm. \mpnb tpmwn S2 BCA 56 F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn

57 DÆnIrjvW sp. P\d sk{i dn timtfpv bqwnb dnt m v ssltd nse aeas pifpss XmgvhmcØv {]tim`n p {]IrXncaWobamb cmpipamcn F sim p] W Øn, \mb k Δokv skmssk nbm ÿm]nxamb Cu IemebØnse Hcp h jsø I Ω\ncXamb {]h Ø\ Øn\v ]m esa dn kºzmbøneqss sxcs SpØ t\xr\nc ÿm\ta p. BI jwobamb hy nxzw alxzøntebv p NphSpshbv mwv. \mw {i n msx t]mip \Ωfnse F pw t\snøcp aqe[\amwv alømb hy nxzw. Iemeb߃ kwkvimckº amb hy nxzhnik\øns Cu n ßfmWv. H w k mfli {]h Ø\ßfptSbpw t\xr ]mshßfptsbpw. timtfpv bqwnbs Ign Hcp h jsø {]h Ø\ dnt m v XnI NmcnXm ytømspiqsn P\d sk{i dn F \nebn Rm \nßfpss AwKoImcØn\mbn AhXcn n p p. Cu bqwnbs `mchmlniƒ Xmsg dbp hcmwv. snb am Acp B. \mb sshkv snb am hnjvwp{]nb Pn. P\d sk{i dn DÆnIrjvW sp. B vkv v sk{i dn su kn amxyp amkkn FUn A_vZpƒ djozv n.f^v. bqwnthgvkn n bqwnb Iu kne suhn amxyp, t_kn aømbn teun sd{]skt ohvkv ARvPp apcfn, ARvPp kn_n kvt]m vkv sk{i dn t_mwn ]n. h okv 1 mw h j _ncpz {]Xn\n[n APnØv ]n. 2 mw h j _ncpz {]Xn\n[n A\oj si. C{_mlnw 3 mw h j _ncpz {]Xn\n[n Bj tacn txmakv timtfp WØn h p \S efnxamb NSßn hnzym nisf km n \n Øn snb am Acp. B. \mbcpss t\xrxzønep bqwnb `mchmlniƒ kxy{]xn snbvxp. _lpam\y\mb {]n kn mƒ tum. si.f. hniz\my \mb c m[nimcnbmbp Cu bqwnbs AssUzk s{]m^. a\ojpw Ãm^v FUn s{]m^. t n KncnPbpw {Sjd s{]m^. _npp Ipamdpw BWv. ]pxpxmbn A[nImcØn h bqwnbs DZvLmS\ NSßv timtfpv HmUnt mdnbøn h v \SØs p. kp{]kn kn\nam kwhn[mbi {io. am ØmWvU `{ZZo]w sxfnbn v bqwnb {]h Ø\߃ v XpS w Ipdn p. {]n kn mƒ tum. si.f. hniz\my \mb apjymxnyn Bbncp p. bqwnb snb am Acp B. \mb A y \mbncp p. XpS v Gjyms\ nse {]apj dnbmen n tjm Bb thmut^m timaun Ãm kv ]cn]msnbneqss {]ivkvxcmb Pn\p tim bw, APnØv IqØm pipfw, at\mpv hmg n, A\ojv Im nc n F nh tn v B vkv _ns Hu]NmcnI DZvLmS\hpw \SØn. {]n kn mƒ tum. si.f. hniz\my \mb BiwkIƒ A n p. sshkv snb am hnjvwp{]nb Pn. IrX X A n p. XpS v hnzym n IfpsS hnhn[ Iem]cn]mSnIfpw D mbncp p. bqwnbs B`napJyØn timtfpn IYmcN\, IhnXm cn\, D]\ymka cßfpw Iznkv a chpw \SØs p am v amkw 17 mw XobXn timtfpv tu hn]peambn BtLmjn p. snb am Acp B. \mbcpss A y Xbn IqSnb tbmkøn P\d sk{i dn DÆnIrjvW kzmkxw Biwkn p. {io hnzym[ncmp F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv hmgqcnse {]n kn mƒ tum. apcfoh ` Ah Iƒ tbmkw DZvLmS\w snbvxp. {]n kn mƒ tum. si.f. hniz\my \mb, ]n. n.f. sshkv {]knu v {io. tpmbn F nh BiwkIƒ A n p. Ign A[yb\ h jøn Hmtcm Un m vsa nepw Db am p Icÿam nb hnzym niƒ p t{sm^n hnxcww snbvxp. XpS v IemImbnI a cßfnse hnzym niƒ p kωm\zm\hpw \S p. bqwnthgvkn n XeØn \S ImbnI a cßfn timtfpn \n pw ]s SpØv hnpbn I_Un, XmbvtIzmt m SoapIƒ pw ]mcntxmjnx߃ \ In. XpS v hnt{]m sf. n. Iº\n \SØnb Iymw]kv dn{iq vsa n \nba\w e`n hnzym nisf A`n\μn p NSßmbncp p. teun sd{]skt ohv ARvPp apcfnbpss IrX XtbmsS tbmk\s]sniƒ Ahkm\n p. AtXmsS Cu h jsø bqwnb {]h Ø\߃ p Xnc»oe howp. kvt\lhpw klicwhpw \ In t{]m mln n F mh pw AIagn IrX XbpsS hmsmaecpiƒ A n psim s. F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 57

58 \n Hm Ωbn.. Ime߃ am pad n pw Rm ad n \ns pdn p Hm ΩIƒ Im n ]d n \ns i_vzw agbn Hfn n \ns Xmfw ad m Ignbn \ns bpw \ns Xmb {]nb \nanjßfpw Hcp sim p kz]v\w t]m \o ASpØp h Wbptºmƒ F Bflmhn hnscpw \n Xqh kv] iw AJne si.f. S2 B.com Xncn dnbmsx XWpØv achn Im ns Nn bn IdpØ cm{xn v Iq ncn pibmwv Rm \nc Iamb ]Iens Xnc neqss IÆv Fdn v \n ntajambn \ncmew_amb a\t mss \ndw Nm ØnbIep Cu k ybv v I NnΩmsX Ccp v Io Ø\tamXs Rm \ng Aenbp cm{xnbn \nt m Ω Zf߃ v Iq ncn pibmwv Rm a ns hncen\m ]q p ]qhn\v F lrzbzfßsf ImWn bm s Rm kzimcyxsb kz]v\߃ B m\pw kz]v\ßsf kzimcyam m\pw \n n \n mwv Rm ]Tn Xv \ns ImeSnIfn ]mz߃ h v Rm Fs Imen\pw _ew \ In \ns hm n\pw cq]w \ In Rm Fs Nn{X߃ v thcpiƒ \ In Rm\pw \obpw ImWmsX I n pw \obpw Rm\pw Xncn dn n thcpw Imepw DS nbxv \ΩfdnbmsXbmWv, Imepw thcpw ]cxnbxv \Ωsf Xs bmwv. Acp iim Bsc IInd year lrzbcmkw ISen howv ]Xnsb Aenbpw kqcys\t mse, kzbsacn p Xocpw sagpipxncn t]mse, \n kvt\løn Xm{ nifn howen nss Fs kvt\lhpw Bflmhpw... Adnbp p Rm B XpSn n lrbm\pcmkw Adnbp p Rm B ansn n {]Wbm\pcmKw ChnsSsb GIm k yiƒ s]men p Xocpw hsc ImØncn mw... ImtXm Øncn mw... Cu bpkw apgph\pw cm[ni IrjvW S4 B.com 58 F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn

59 Athira M. Nair Volunteer Secretary \mjw k Δokv kviow dnt m v Km npn hn`mh\w snbvx Hcp \h`mcxw si n Sp m A owambn {]h Øn p ssiifpw BtcmKyap a\ pw D zeamiww. t\m v an _ v bp F tamt mbpambn hnzym niƒ nsbn {]h Øn p hcp \mjw k Δokv kvioans {]h Ø\߃ Ign h jtøxp t]mse Xs Cu h jhpw `wknbmbn ]q Øo Icn p. 104 thmf nb amcpambn se F. Fkv.Fkv. {]h Ø\߃ i amb coxnbn Øs XpSßn. IΩyqWn n k ΔokneqsS hy nxz cq]oicww F XmWv F.Fkv. Fkns {][m\ e yw. Hcp ]cn[n hsc RßfpsS {]h Ø\ßfneqsS CXv km[n p. hy nxzcq]oicwøns aqelsiamwv kmaq lnitkh\w. kmaqlni tkh\øns XpS am Is hnzymebøn \n pamwv. \in psim ncn p {]IrXnsb kwc n pi F Xv GsXmcp F.Fkv.Fkv. thmf nbdptsbpw I ØhyamWv. \qdn ]cw ac߃ Iymºkn \ v Fs acw ] Xnbv v XpS an p se {]h Ø\ßfn BKÃv 15 \v \S kzmx{ yzn\dmenbn timtfpv bqwn n\v ani {]IS\w Xs ImgvN shbv m km[n p. bphp\ßfpss a\ n kzmx{ ykac tk\m\nbpw cmpykvt\lhpw F pw \ne \nev p p F Xn\p sxfnhmbncp p dmenbn I Xv. Dd ap{zmhmiyßfneqssbpw hnhn[ thjhn[m\ßfneqssbpw XßfpsS tzikvt\lw hc pimwn pibmbncp p CXneqsS. Hcp ]ucs\ F m hy nxztømsp IqSnbpw hf Øphm\pw kaqltømsp Ahs {]Xn_ X a\ nem n s msp phm\pw \mjw k Δokv kviow hfsctbsd klmbn p p. HIvtSm_ 2 mw XobXn Km npb n BtLmjw Iymºkv hrønbm nbmwv R߃ BNcn Xv. ]cnkcipnoicwtømssm w Imºkn thãv_n\piƒ ÿm]n pibpw snbvxp. kmaqlytkh\w hnzymebßfn \n v F Bibhpambn \SØnb Cu {]h Ø\w hnzym niƒ nsbn \s mcp am w Dfhm m km[n p sk]v w_ amkøn am m\w si.c. timtfpn GItZiw 173 Ip niƒ ]s SpØ thmf nb sk{i dokv s{sbn\nwkv Iymºn \ΩpsS timtfpns\ {]Xn\n[oIcn v c v hnzym niƒ ]s SpØp. sxmsp]pg \yqam timtfpn h v \S Hmdnbt j Iymºn \mev hnzym n Isf ]s Sp n m km[n p. Ign h jw Bcw`n kvt\l km z\w ] Xn Cu h jhpw apsßmsx \S p hcp p. BgvNbn Hcn Hcp ]nsn tnmdv hni p hbdn\mbn am nsh m hnzym niƒ {ian mdp v. hr P\ßsf Hcp ]mgvhkvxphmbn hens dnbp C sø kaqløn\v amxribmbn amdnbncn pibmwv \ΩpsS bqwn ns Cu ] Xn. Hcp s]mxnt mdv F Xnep]cn thz\n p a\ piƒ v Hcp km z\w \ IpIbmWv CXneqsS. hr P\ßsf AhcpsS k Sßfn \n pw BizmktaIm hnzym niƒ Iem]cn]m SnIƒ AhXcn n mdp v. Ipcphnfkn n HmƒUvGPv tlmanse A \Ωam v F.Fkv. Fkv. bqwn wk߃ a fmbn amdpibmwv Cu ]pwy{]hrønbneqss. GsXmcp bqwn nt bpw {]m[m\ya ln p {]h Ø\amWv k]vxzn\iymºv. \mjw k Δokv kvioans Cu h jsø k]vxzn\iymºv Unkw_ 19 mw XobXn hymgmgvn timtfp WØn h v DZvLmS\w snøs p. Ifn pw Nncn pw AXnep]cn Iq mbvabpss X \qengifm Iymºkns\ lcnxm`am p ssphirjn, ] dntøm w \n Ωn pibm bncp p Iymºns {][m\ e yw. AXpsIm p Xs, RßfpsS {][m\ {]h Ø\aWvUew timtfpv Imºkns Np ph ambncp p. hmg rjntøm w, hnhn[ßfmb ] dn Iƒ, h Æhnkvabamsbmcp ]qt m w XpSßn RßfpsS e y߃ Gsd psd ^e{]m]vxnbn seøn phm\pw km[n p. F m Znhkhpw kmbm ßfn Bkq{XnXamb, Iemaqeyap sshhn[yam Iem]cn]mSnIƒ hnzym ni fpss Iemssh`hsØ Is Øphm\pw hy n XzsØ Du nbpd n phm\pw km[n p. F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 59

60 _m ppn Irjnhn m\ti{μw kμ in m\pw aæns\ sxm dn ssphirjnsb pdn v {Kln m\pw H w \ΩpsS ] dntøm Øn ssphirjn {]mh ØnIam m\pw km[n p. hm IyØns ]ShpIƒ Nhn n PohnX Øns Ahkm\ GSpIfntebv v bm{x snbvxp sim ncn p Ipcphnfkn n HmƒUv GPv tlmanse A \Ωamsc kμ in pibpw Ah mbn Hcp sim p sse{_dn ]WnXv ]pkvxi߃ \ndbv pibpw snbvxp. k ym\maßfpw XocmØ IYIfpambn kvt\ltømss t\m n \n p apø»o apø» msc Iem]cn]mSnIfneqsS kt mjn n p. kmaqlnitkh\w e yam n cmpipamcn {Kma] mbøpw ]cnkchpw `wknbmbn hrønbm pibpw snbvxp. ]pø Nn mcoxn Iƒ v hgnsbmcp ns m v t{]m{kmw Hm^otk gvkv hnzym niƒ nsbn kwhmz߃ kwlsn n p. IqSmsX ASnamen Xmeq mip]{xnbnse Iu kne {ioaxn ARvPp Fkv. \mb Life Skills F hnjbsø Bkv]Zam n mskspøp. Hcp awn qtdmfw \o p \n mkn kz`mh cq]oicwøns BhiyIX hnzym niƒ v hy am ns msp m amuøn\v km[n p. Unkw_ 25 mw XobXn Iymºv AhtemI \hpw A`n{]mbßfpw HmtcmcpØcpw ] psh p. ]pxnb Bibßfpw ]pxnb Nn Ifpambn s{]m^. a\ojnt bpw s{]m^. _nppipamdnt bpw t\xrxzøn \S k]vxzn\iymºn\v Aßs\ Xnc»oe howp. t\m v an _ v bp F Bibw Dd kzc ßfn Hcmbncw XhW ]dbptºmgpw Hcp \ {]h Ø\w snøm km[n B\μØnepw NmcnXm yønepw \q n\mev thmf ntbgvkpw \mjw k Δokv kvioant\msv lrzb]q Δw \μn ]d ncn p p...!! kxyamw \n Pohkv] iøm \nxyambv Rm \n\ p p \n apjw sx p\osbm I mepsa \nxykm\ambv \osb papw nsp p Cu cmhpan pai osptºmƒ Cu h jtam Ωbnem nsp p Cucmdp ]{ p amkw IS pt]mbv Cu P kt mjk ybpw am pt]mbv acwamw Cu Pohkm z\sa nembv ]pwcp p Rm sx p \n\ nsmsx, hnscm simxn p ]qsam pt]membn Rm hnßp p Cu temi GIm honnbn \ofp Hm Ω X ]pjv]hnxm\w hnx p \mw \odp Ip ߃ XΩn NpaØn \mw, CSdp nsx a\w, Xfcp p \n nembv Icbm asn p p, hnscm simxn p p ]p ncnbm F sx pip ߃ s]mdp ptam \obo thfbn am p Rm tigp p \n ]mz_nμphn... \n Pohsa tzln \o si n pwcptºmgohcn Hm Øp \n\ ptam IÆp\ocm? F tzln atæmsp tn nspw thfbn Ft m Ω \n nembv ]p\ \n pw... ao\p t]mƒ S4 BBA 60 F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn

61 Im-ep-I-fn-te-bv- v X-cn- v A-cn- -cn- v I-b-dp- p v. ssi-iƒ c- pw X-W-p-Øp-d p. lr-z-b-øns an-sn- v sa-s - q-sn h-cp-i-bmwv. Cu ap-dn- v a-c- W-Øn-s a-w-ap v. A-Xn-\v s\-øn I-Øp- Xncn-bptStbm I-gp-Im-Ø I-\- In-S- -bptstbm H-s a-w-ap- v... C F-\n -Xv Xn-cn- -dn-bm km-[n- p- n. a-c-w-øn-\v a-s t m a-w-amwv. X-e s]-cp- p- -Xp-t]m-se.. Cu I-b I-gp-Øn a-p-dp-ip- -txmss ip`w. F m-øn \n- pw c- -s]-smw. Cu \-in- Po-hn-X-Øn \n v, _o-un- p- n-i-fp-ss a-w-ap- Cu ap-dn-bn \n v. F m-h-cp-tsbpw im-]-hm- p-ifn \n v. F- mw F mw c- -s]-smw. ]-t I-gp-In-bm Xo-cm-Ø ]m-]߃. A- Xn \n- pw X-\n- v c- -s]-sm km-[n p-tam. ]m- ]w. ]p-wyw, A-dn-bn m-bn-cp- p C-h-sbm- pw. Xm A-tXm- pw X-s A-dn-bm {i-an- -bp-an... ]t Cu- ]m-]-߃ X-s \n-c -cw th- -bm-sp-i-bm-wv... A- \pw A-Ωbpw A-\n-b-Øn-bp-ap- C-SØcw Ip-Spw-_-Øn-em-Wv Xm P-\n- Xv. k -t]-cn-\p If- w h-cm-ø H-cp X-d-hm- n-em-bn-cp- Xp-sIm- m- Imw- a- p- -h A-h X-d-hm-Sn-bm-sW- v ]-d p. F-{X-\mƒ, k-aq-l-øn-s\ pw B-fpI-sf Dƒ-s m- m\pw Xn-c-kv-I-cn- m\pw \n-an-j-߃ a-xn. Aßs\ GtXm Zp -_-e \n-an-j-øn Iu-am-c-Øn-s tnm-c-øn-f- n snbv-x {]-hr-øn-bv- v k-aq-lw Aw- Ko-Im-cw \ In, Ip- -hm-fn. A- v H-Øn-cn I-c p. sx-s - v a-\- n-em-bxp-sim- m-h-ww. ]n- o-sv hmin-bm-bv ssh-cm-ky-am-bv... ]n-s Xm i-cn-iƒ snbvx-xv F- m-sw v Hm - m t]mepw I-gn-bp- n. A-{X-bv- v h-ep-xm-bn-cp- p sx- p-i-fp-ss \o- \nc. X-s [q -Øn-\v ]-Ww Xn-I-bm-sX h- t mƒ ]-Ww sim- -b-sn- pw, Aß-s\ \-K-c-Ønse {]-ikv-x I- -\m-bn amdn. F-\n- n-t mgpw a-\- n-em- m I-gn-bp- p- v- Po-hn-X-Øn-s bm-{x-bn h-gn-sx n-b F-{Xtbm B-fp-Iƒ ]-d-bp \ym-bw am- {X-ta X-\n-bv- v ]-d-bm km-[n- q... Xm sn-s -Ønb-Xv H-cp C-cp- n-te-bv- m-bncp- p. H-cp A- -Imcw. A-hn-sS i-cn-iƒ C... sx- p-iƒ am-{xw. Po-hn-X-Øn sx- p-iƒ am-{xw snbv- X H-cpØ-\v i-cn-bp-t m Xn-cn- -dn-bm I-gn-bp- p. A-t m-sgm-s X-s A-Ω F-hn-sS-bm-bncp p, A- -s\-hn-ss-bm-bn-cp p. A-h X-s a-d- ncn- Ww, Hm -sø- n am-{x-a-t a-d-hn-bn-cn- p p. Hm -Øn-cn- n. a-b- p-a-cp- p I- -h-søn-s\m- w s] -Ip- nisf hn-tz-i-cm-py-tø-bv- v I-S-Øn-hn-Sp -Xv X-\n- pw Iq- m-fn-iƒ- pw l-c-am-bn-cp p. s] -Ip- ni-sf sim- p-h-cp- -Xn ti-a lm-cn-jv B-bn-cp p. A-h X-s h-e-bn ho-gp- s] -Ip- ni-sf Nn-e- n-isf-t m-se h-e-bn Ip-cp- n-\n -Øp- -Xn ti-a-\mbn-cp- p. A-h X-s h-e-bn ho-gp- s] -Ip- ni-sf X-\n- pw Imgv-N h-bv- p -Xv ]-X-n-hmWv. A- m-wv A-hƒ X-s a-p-dn-bn-te-bv- v h- Xv. X-\n-bv- v kp-t_m-[-ap- -m-bn-cpt m? C... A-tX A-Xm-Wv Xs Hm -Ω. ÿ-eime t_m-[w C m-ø Ah-ÿ. GtXm I- a-w-ap- sk n-s a-ww X- s aq- n Xp-f- p-i-bdn. hn-e- qsn-b GtXm km-cnbm-wv D-Sp-Øn-cp- Xv. km-[m-c-w s] -Ip- n-i-sf-t mse A-hƒ A-e-dn- -c- n, Hm-Sn-bn, c- -s]-sm {i-an- n... Hm -Ω-bn ap-gp-h Nn-I- n pw X-\n- v Hm- -sø-sp- m I-gn- n. B-cm-W-h...? Xm Ip- Sn- v kz-t_m-[w \- -s - A-h-ÿ-bm-b-Xn-\m A- t\z-jn- -Xp-an. cm-hn-se kz-t_m-[w h-cp-tºmƒ kq-cy-c-iv-an- Iƒ, s]m-sn-]n-sn-, I-gp-ImØ B I - -\pw t`-zn- v X- s ap-j-ø-sn p. X-\n-bv- v I-Æp-Iƒ Xp-d- m I-gnbp- p- m-bn-cp- n. I -t]m-f-iƒ- v I-\w t]m-se... I-Æp-Iƒ B- p-h-en- v Xp-d- -t mƒ kq-cy-c-iv-an- Iƒ I-Æn-te-bv- v Xp-f- p-i-bdn. s]-s - p-x-s Xm Zr- n A-hn-sS \n pw h-en p. ]n-s I- -Xv H-cp kv-{xo-bp-ss ap-j-amwv, A-h X-s X-e-bn X-tem- Sp- p- -m-bn-cp p. A-h X-s hm- -ey-tøm-ss hn-fn- p. tam-s\... A-h-cp-sS I-Æp-I-fn I-W-Wp-\o D- m-bn-cp- n. A-Xv h- n-bn-cp- p. A-Xv X-s...A-dn-bn... F-\n- -dn-bn... Rm-\-dn- ncp- n!!! A-Xm-cm-bn-cp- p... X-\n- -dn-bn...c-\n I-bdp-Iƒ ap-dp-ip-tºmƒ Xm Xo-cp-I-bmWv. \o- 28 sim w Po-hn-Xw Xp-e- ]m-]n... C-\n I-b-dp-Iƒ a-p-dp-ip- -Xn-t\m-sSm- w F- s ]m-]-ßfpw Xo-cp-I-bm-Wv... Rm ]m-]n... A-hkm-\-am-bn Rm hn-fn- p- p...sszh-ta...? Arya Babu, I BBA F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 61

62 h m-ø thz-\. i-co-c-am-si Ft m Ip-Ønt\m-hn- p- Xp-t]mse. I-Æp-Xp-d- m {i-an p. aßnb Im-gv-N-Iƒ am-{xw. Rm-s\-hn-sS-bmWv? F-Xn-sc h- GtXm H-cp tem-dnbpw ]n-s Ip-d- i- -ßfpw am-{x-ta Fs Hm -Ω-bn-ep q. ]n-s I-Æp-Xp-d- - Xn-t m-gm-wv. GtXm bm-{x-bn-em-wv Rm-\n-t m-gpw. A-]-cn-Nn-Xam-b H-cp-]m-Sv ap-j-߃- p \-Sp-hn, B- cptstbm a-sn-bn In-S- v, F-tßmt m t]m-hp p. Ip-d- p-iq-sn th-kw. X-s Ip- n-s\-t m-se F-s X-gp-In-s m- n-cp B kv-{xo-bmwv. A-h-cpsS ap-j-øp-\nd-sb F-s Nq-Sp tnm-c. Np pw c- -Øn-s a-sp- n- p- K- w am-{xw. Xpd- p h-bv- m {i-an- n pw I-Æp-Iƒ Xm-t\ A-S p-t]m-ip p. hml-\w Ip-Xn- p-]m-bp-i-bm-wv, GtXm H-cm-ip-]-{Xnbn-te-bv v, Fs Cu bm-{x ]-t A-hn-tSbpw A- h-km-\n- n. C-sX-s A-hkm-\ bm-{x-bp-ss kp- J-I-cam-b Xp-S- -am-wv. ]t, A-Xn-\p-ap-ºv F-\n-s m- p Im-W-Ww. A-h-km-\-am-bn A-hs\. H-cn- -IqSn. A-cn-In-ep- mbn-cp- -t m-sg mw A-I- p-\n p. H-Sp-hn A-h X-s A-I p-t]m-b-t mƒ am-{x-am-wv Xn-cn- -dn- Xv. B km-ao]yw X-\n- p-th-w-am-bn-cp- p F v. F- m-wn-xv ssz-h-ta. c- w h m-sx t]m-ip p. 62 F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn Anju Murali S4 BCA ss{uh, Ip-d- p-iq-sn th-kw t]miq. Np- p-ap- Btcm ]-d-bp-i-bmwv. B-cmWXv? B-sc-bpw A-dnbn. tlm! F-s m-s -bm-wv Nn- n p-sim- ncp Xv? H pw C\n-sbm-cn- epw Hm - p-i-bn-s - p- ]-d- Rm X-s bmtwm CXv? C-\n F-{X k-ab-ap- m-ip-sa- -dn-bn F-\n v. Ah-s\ a-d- m Rm i-cn pw {i-an- n-cpt m? H-cn- -ep-an. H-cp]- t Rm a-d- m - {i-an- p-t mdpw Hm -Ωn- m\n- -s -Sp-I-bm-bn-cp- p B apjw. ho pw k-ln- m I-gn-bm-Ø thz-\. I-Æp Xpd- p t\m n. Rm D-d-ßp-I-bm-bn-cp-t m? Ip-d- p-ka-bw th-z-\ A-dn- n-cp- n. G-tXm B-ip-]- {Xn-bn-em-Wn-t mƒ. Np pw ip-`-h-kv-{x-[m-cn-ifmb tum-œ -amcpw t\-gv-kp-am-cpw. F-\n p-t]mepw th- m- Ø F-s Po-h Xn-cn- p-]n-sn- m A-h F- s mtam sn-øp p. C-h-sc- n-\m C-ß-s\ I- - s -Sp- Xv. F-\n- -dnbmw H-cn- epw a-s-ßn-t m-im- \m-in F-\n- v. F-s kz-]v-\-ß-fp-ss tem-iøv. A-h-\pw Rm\pw am-{x-ap- B Po-hn-X-Øn-te-bv- v... sf Bw tkm-dn... C-\nbpw {]-Xo- n- p- - Xn A - -an. \n-߃- v Im-W-W-sa- n... tum- Œ-dp-sS i w. F-\n -Xv hy- -am-bn tiƒ- mw. F- \n- v t_m-[-ap-s - v tum-œ A-dn- n mtwm? AtXm? F- m-bmepw H-Sp-hne-Xv kw-`-hn- p-ibmwv. F-s A-hkm-\ hn[n. Np pw Ip-sd -]-cnnn-xap-j߃. F-\n- p {]nb-s - B-sc-s tbm BWv. I-c- p-i-eßn-b I- ÆpIƒ. F- n-\m-wv C-h-scm-s Cß-s\ h- p \n - p- Xv. F-s A-hkm-\ bm-{x-bv- v Biw-k t\cmt\m? Rm-s\- m Cß-s\? F-\n- p-th- n am{xw I-c-bp- h. F-s kz- -am-bh. A-h-tcm-Sv Rm-s\- m C-ßs\? Nn- -Iƒ am-bp-i-bmwv. Im-gv- N-bpw. A-hy- am-b ap-j߃. kw-km-c-߃. H pw a-\- n-em-hp- n. A-cn-In A-h \n - p p. Rm Im-Wm sim-xn- apjw. ]t, A-sXs txm- emtwm? A-dn-bn. F- - nepw ]-d-bm H-cp hn-^-e-{iaw. B t]-sc-m p hn-fn- m... C, -i- w ]p-d-øp-h-cp n. {i-a-߃ ]-cm-p-b-ß-fm-ip p. Poh-s A-h-km-\-I- Wn-I-bpw F- n \n- -I-ep-I-bmWv. A-\n-hm-cyamb ]pxn-b bm-{x-bp-ss B-cw-`w. ]-ex-h-w ]-d-bm sim-xn- n pw C-t mgpw _m- nbm-b Im-cyw. C\nsbm-cn- epw ]-d-bm-\m-hn F-\n -h-t\msv. C- -ambn-cp- p F-\n- p \ns. ]-d-bm sim-xn- n pw I-gnbm-sX t]mbn. Im-Øn-cn mw Rm, C\n-sbm-cp P- w \n-t -Xp am-{xam-hm...

63 Who is a Dreamer? Do you have a deep desire to achieve something great? Do you want to live a more satisfying life? Can you see yourself being happy and successful in every way? If so you are a dreamer. This article is dedicated to you. Right now you are the most important person around. Because you are special. A dreamer is a person who is not afraid of the challenge society s norms and not afraid to tread their own path rather than following the well- trodden path. A dreamer is someone who is already willing to take a chance and always asks why before doing something that others are doing blindly. Dreamers are world changers. Dreamers chart their own course and destiny. Dreamers are always striving to be the person they were meant to be and are not afraid to be different. If you are a dreamer you cannot afford to work with mobs wards. You have to be unique. Every man in this world is unique. Our ideas will be awesome, but not to everyone. Never mind, it will be understood awesome by everyone once. The innovations that changed our world were treated idiotic at the beginning. But the real result of Ajith Paul S2 B.Com hard work and intelligence will never be hidden forever. It will be revealed once. It is the law of the nature and result of hard work. If you are a dreamer open your eyes and move on, get it. A real dream is not what you see while you sleep, but that makes you can t sleep. If you wish success trace it out, never Quit, it s the word of defeat. These are sayings Yesterday is history, tomorrow is mystery, but today is gift that is why it is called the present. So get the gift and chase your dream to make others dream bigger... A rainy day One a lovely feel The rain meets me And it makes me weep. In my childhood days Rain fascinated me It delighted my mind I believe, Rain is an everlasting shower of hope in my youth Rain filled my heart with love And it weaved lovely dreams I felt rain as my love But now, in my lonely old age Rain grows dark in my life I break my dreams I fear rain is death... Jismon Gopi S6 B.Com F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 63

64 Ashli Lukka S2 BSc There is acute unemployment in our country. Increase in population makes the problem more acute. Faulty planning, increase in population, white collar mentality and lack of initiative have contributed to the problem. As far as white collar jobs like clerks and accountants are concerned, there are too many applicants for too few jobs. If there are a few hundred vacancies, there are a million applicants. Not every one of the applicants can hope to be selected. At the same time many posts remain vacant because qualified persons are not available. If we need ten excavator operators, there may be only five applicants. Many posts of physiotherapists remain vacant. But the problem of unemployment cannot be solved easily because there are many crores of unemployed men and women. By starting more job-oriented courses the problem of unemployment can be made less acute. If banks are willing to give loans to self-employed persons, many young men, and women will be ready to take up self employment schemes. But unfortunately banks take an unhelpful attitude in their matter. Banks are willing to give us loans only if we prove that we are rich enough to go ahead without the loan. Our planners did not expect that our population would increase so rapidly. If we succeed in reducing our population, the problem of unemployment will be less. The most important thing is that the attitude of our young men and women towards employment should change. Most of our young men and women would like government jobs. They recognize only government jobs as jobs. Their attitude reflects the attitude of society in general. A freelance writer is considered to jobless. A peon in a nationalized bank is considered superior to a freelance writer or a parallel college teacher. Young men and women should be ready to do any kind of work, to earn their livelihood. They should realize that it is honourable to earn one s livelihood by honest work. Instead of blaming the government for not giving them jobs, they should be enterprising enough to find some work for which the people are willing to pay. No government can give employment to all job seekers. If everybody becomes a government employee, who will pay them? The government gets money from taxpayers. A good part of this money has to be spent for building, schools, hospitals, bridges etc. Only small portion of the tax collected can be used for paying salary to government servants. Our young men and women should became self reliant and more enterprising. That is the only way to solve the problem of unemployment. Ashli Lukka S2 BSc Electronics 64 F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn

65 Women Rights in India Prof. Rekha K Nair HOD, Business Administration Dept. Women in India face a lot of social inequalities ranging from gender specific abortions, mistreatment by their spouses, to eve teasing. Most women aren t aware of women rights in India and other times their legal rights are not protected as they should be. Women empowerment plays a significant role in letting them know their rights. The following issues infringe on women rights: FEMALE FOETICIDE This is the act of aborting female foetuses. This problem is linked to the dowry system whereby women are expected to pay dowry to the men in spite of the fact that it was prohibited in the year Unlike in western cultures, Indians have a strong inclination for sons over daughters. Pregnancies are planned using differential contraception. Foetal foeticide has led to social discrimination against women and they are treated as second-rate citizens. 80% of the districts in India have recorded a high male sex ratio with the state of Punjab recording the highest ratio. An estimated ten million female foetuses have been aborted illegitimately in India. The social impact of these abortions is an increase in human trafficking. Trafficking is rampant in areas where the numbers of women are low due to female foeticide. To curb this problem, the Indian government should take strict actions against those who practice it. EVE TEASING Eve teasing is a euphemism for sexual harassment of females by males in public areas. This aggression differs in severity from mild brushing and taunts to the more serious groping in public areas. Some human rights organizations have been at the forefront lobbying against the use of this term. They argue that the term makes a serious infringement on women rights to appear innocuous. The challenge that faces victims of eve teasing is how to prove that a total stranger has sexually harassed them. It is becoming increasingly difficult to prove such crimes because offenders have found clever ways of harassing women. There are many tourist guide books that warn foreign women to avoid attracting attention from perpetrators of these crimes by dressing conservatively. However, both tourists and Indian women are harassed regardless of what they are wearing. The number of women s organizations working for women rights in India has gone up. Victims of this crime can seek recourse in court. Perpetrators of these crimes are punished by imprisonment, fines or both. BRIDE BURNING This is a type of domestic violence whereby a bride is killed by her husband or husband s family because of dowry dissatisfaction issues. Kerosene is the fuel of choice for most perpetrators. This crime has been a problem since the year Perpetrators of this crime are punished accordingly by either giving them a death sentence or a life sentence. 2,500 deaths per year in India are attributed to bride burning. There have been F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 65

66 strain on the bride s family. If the husband and his family are dissatisfied with the dowry, they can mistreat the wife. The dowry system in India is the root of many problems against women such as bride burning and female foeticide. If strict measures are put in place to combat the dowry system, a lot of problems that face women can be eliminated. RAPE This is among the most common crimes against women in India. Marital rape was made illegal in 1983 but it is still rampant. Rape is a heinous crime against several attempts by the government to combat this crime. They include: 1961 The government passed a dowry prohibition act to cease dowry murders. The act was amended in the early s to correct some inherent flaws and loopholes. After the amendment, bride burning within the first 7 years of marriage became a crime. Unfortunately, the definition of dowry is still vague and this only changed the way dowry is asked for and delivered. Another shortcoming of this act is the inclusion of a seven year clause which makes it easy for perpetrators because they wait until the period lapses The anti cruelty statute forbids cruelty towards wives and subjects the perpetrators of such crimes to imprisonment and/or fines. However, this law is somewhat ambiguous and this leads to insufficient enforcement of bride burning murders. This problem can be alleviated by allowing women to have properties. This way, women would not need to marry for economic, legal or social reasons. As a result, the dowry practice would be disregarded. DOWRY In India, the dowry prohibition actwhich was enacted in 1961 outlaws the giving or receiving of dowry. However, giving and receiving of dowry is still practiced to date. Women are faced with the pressure of giving dowry to the bridegroom s family. This is a violation of the women rights in India because it gives them financial burdens. The dowry is considered as a bribe to the man so that he can agree to keep the woman, especially if she is too old to be unmarried. Dowry can be anything from cash to gifts. The gifts include: Jewellery, Furniture, Motor Vehicle, Home, Cash Dowry is not only given before the wedding but the husband s family expects to be given gifts and/or cash even after the wedding. This places a heavy financial humanity and it seriously undermines women rights. Rape in India is a crime that occurs every 54 minutes and it violates a woman and her privacy. The rape cases in India are constantly making headlines because of the brutality with which they are executed. In December 2012, a 23 year-old girl was gang raped in a public bus. The rapists penetrated her with a metallic rod and this destroyed her intestines which had to be removed through surgery. There have been scores of other rape incidents in India. In most of these rape cases, the law fails the victim because of vague interpretations and this is absolute disrespect of women rights in India. Delays and humiliating cross examination of victims makes them afraid to come forward. As a result, many cases of rape go unreported. To curb rape cases, awareness campaigns need to be done. Men should also learn the importance of respecting women rights. Women need to be taught self defense mechanisms so that they can protect themselves. 66 F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn

67 Department of Physical Education Report of activities Dr. Manoj. S (HOD) Dept. of Physical Education Our College has been putting up outstanding performances in the Mahatma Gandhi University intercollegiate sports and games competitions. Even though our college has a limited sports infrastructure, our students made some noticeable performances in the district, intercollegiate, state and national level competitions. Preparations are underway for setting up a full-fledged fitness centre with financial assistance from UGC. Rs has been sanctioned for this project. Proposal for financial assistance for a multipurpose outdoor stadium has also been submitted to the UGC. The department has initiated continuous training program in Taekwondo for our students with the help of qualified Taekwondo instructors. Almost 35 boys and girls are undergoing training twice a week. Our college team won the Overall championship in the Iddukki District Taekwondo Championship at Adimali in August This year our Taekwondo team became overall runner up in the MG University championship winning 3 Gold, 1 Silver and 3 Bronze medals in the MG University Championship held at SA College, Edathua. Three of our students, Kiran T Joseph (III BSc), Athira PB (III BSc) and Ashil PJ (I BCA) participated in the All India Inter University Taekwondo Championship held at Chennai, representing MG University. Our girls Kabaddi team won Fourth place in the MG University championship held at BCM College, Kottayam. The college Cricket team performed well and reached the semifinals in the MG University south zone inter-collegiate Cricket tournament at SD College, Kanjirappally. Our boys Volleyball team also did well to reach the Quarter final of the MG University south zone intercollegiate Volleyball tournament at Devamatha College, Kuravilangad. College Athletics (M&W) team participated in MG University inter-collegiate Athletic meet at Maharajas College, Ernakulam. Shuttle badminton team participated in the MG University south zone championship held at SB College, Changanacherry. Dipu Aniyan, our III B.Com. student won first in Iddukki district Body Building championship. Our athletes Athira MA, Vidhya P Ravi and Abin Thomas won medals in the Amateur state Athletics championship. Cash awards were given to those students who won medals in various MG University tournaments. Every year Intramural Tournaments are organized on inter- departmental basis. Each department will have a Captain, and a staff advisor. The Intramural committee consisting of the captains and staff advisors from the four departments and HOD, Physical Education will decide on the events and dates each year. Cricket, Football, Shuttle badminton and Volleyball for boys and Cricket, Volleyball & Shuttle badminton tournament for girls were conducted in this academic year. All the departments actively participated in the tournaments. Based on the total points earned, Department of Computer science won the overall championship and Electronics & Business administration departments became joint runners up. Notable achievements of our students 1. Kiran T Joseph III B.Sc - participated in the All India Inter University Taekwondo Championship held at Chennai, representing MG University. - MG University champion in Taekwondo First - Iddukki Dist. Taekwondo Championship Athira PB III BSc - participated in the All India Inter University Taekwondo Championship held at Chennai, representing MG University. - MG University champion in Taekwondo First - Iddukki Dist. Taekwondo Championship Ashil PJ I BCA - participated in the All India Inter University Taekwondo Championship held at Chennai, representing MG University. - MG University champion in Taekwondo MEDAL WINNERS IN MG UNIVERSITY TAEKWONDO CHAMPIONSHIP 1. Kiran T Joseph III BSc Gold 2. Athira PB III BSc Gold 3. Ashil PJ I BCA Gold 4. Rahul Babu I BSc Silver 5. Fiyona George III BBA Bronze 6. Vidya P Ravi I BCom Bronze 7. Arun C Binoy I BBA Bronze F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 67

68 KABADDI(GIRLS) TEAM WHICH WON FOURTH PLACE IN THE MG UNIVERSITY KABADDI CHAMPIONSHIP 1. Fiyona George III BBA 2. Neethu Mathew III BBA 3. Soniya CM III BCom 4. Athira M Nair II BCom 5. Athira MA II BCom 6. Anjana Susan II BSc 7. Jomcy Joy II BBA 8. Aswathy Ramesh I BBA 9. Vidhya P Ravi I BCom Medal winners in Idukki Dist. Taekwondo Championship Senior Girls 1. Athira M Nair II BCom Gold 2. Athira PB II BCom Gold 3. Fiyona George III BBA Gold 4. Athira Ashok II BBA Silver 5. Neethu Mathew III BBA Silver 6. Athira MA II BCom Silver 7. Nimmy John II BCom Silver 8. Soniya CM III BCom Bronze 9. Vishnupriya G III BCA Bronze 10.RajimolRajan II BSc Bronze Senior Boys 1. Kiran T Joseph III BSc Gold 2. Abin Varghese III BSc Silver 3. Basil John III BBA Silver 4. Shyam KS II BCom Silver 5. AbhilashChandran III BSc Bronze 6. Anandhu K Sha III BSc Bronze 7. Lijo Jose III BSc Bronze INTRAMURAL GAMES WINNERS 1. Football (boys) - BBA 2. Volleyball (boys) - B Sc 3. Volleyball (girls) - BBA 4. Cricket (boys) - B Sc 5. Cricket (girls) - B Sc 6. Shuttle Badminton (boys-singles) - BCA (Gibin Jose I BCA) 7. Shuttle Badminton (boys-doubles) - BCA (Gibin & Ananthu Krishnan) 8. Shuttle Badminton (girls-singles) - BCA (Asha III BCA) 9. Shuttle Badminton (girls-doubles) - BCA (Asha & Neena) 10. Overall Runner-up - BBA & BSc- (25 Points) 11. OVERALL CHAMPIONSHIP - BCA (29 Points) Overall Winners (BCA) Department Football winners (BBA) Department Cricket winners (BSC) 68 F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn Department Badminton overall (BCA)

69 Activity Report ICON, the association of Computer Applications students is an integral part of the Department of Computer Applications. All the students and faculty of the department by default are members of ICON. Our goal is to organize curricular co-curricular and extra-curricular activities which strengthen and enrich the student community. The association aims to develop leadership and inculcate a sense of responsibility amongst its members. Over the years ICON has encouraged the academic and professional development of the students through seminars, meetings, discussions and competitions. For the proper functioning of the association, a committee was constituted with the representatives from students and faculty. Miss. Vishnupriya G., S6 BCA is the convener and Dr. Ajitha R.S. is the faculty coordinator. The committee is functioning under the guidance of Prof. Shyam Kumar K, Head of the Department, Department of Computer Applications. The activities of ICON for the academic year was inaugurated on 07/08/2013 by Mr. R Murukan, Assistant professor, Department of Computer Applications, MES College, Marampally. During his talk he emphasised the need for socially relevant academic projects. Fresher s day was celebrated on 14/08/2013. Prof. Syamkumar K introduced ICON to the new comers and welcomed them to ICON family. The faculty members of all the departments attended the function. A seminar on Emerging trends in software developments was conducted on 05/11/2013. Mr.Dileep, Director, Accel Systems was the resource person. He discussed emerging trends and latest innovations in software development. As part of the co-curricular activities we conducted story writing competition on 11/12/2013. Saniya Thankachan, S4, BCA and Visakh Vijayan, S4, B. Sc won the first and second prizes respectively. Shibin George, S2, BCA and Jibin Kuriyakose, S2, BCA won first prizes for essay writing competitions in Malayalam and English respectively which was conducted on 15/ 01/2014. A SuDoKu competition was conducted on 18/02/2014. Bibin Joy (S4 BCA) won the first prize and Jibin Kuriakose(S2 BCA) won the second prize. A quiz competition was organized on 04/03/2014, Augus J Edakkara (S2 BBA) and Eldose M B (S4 BBA) won the first prize and the second prize goes to Bibin Saju (S4 BSC) and Vishnuprasad S(S4 BSC). During the project presentation program of the fifth semester Computer Applications students a competition for socially relevant academic project was also conducted. The project entitled Anganawady Automation by Miss.Sreelakshmi A Nair and Miss. Reshma G Nair was selected as the best mini project. Mr. Sarin Jacob and Mr.Sebin Jacob won the second price for their project Milma Automation. It is noteworthy that ICON has played an active role in all the programs of the college. All the members of ICON have participated with enthusiasm in the state level workshop on Web technologies and Industrial Openings organized by the Department of Computer Applications on 15/03/2014. We also celebrated all the festivals with joy and festivity. We are happy that in a small, yet significant way, ICON has helped to expose students to the outside world. It also provided opportunities to bring out their innate talents. We sincerely hope that we will be able to strengthen the activities of ICON in the coming years and can take it one step further. We do not claim that all the activities planned by ICON for this academic year have been completed satisfactorily but surely we tried our level best. We wish all the very best for the activities of ICON in the coming years. Yours faithfully, Vishnupriya G. (S6 BCA), Convener F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 69

70 My father, my big father My father is my treasure Which I cannot measure My father is my soul I love and cherish him I will listen to him for ever He makes me so happy So that I am not lazy He is very bold Stable as solid gold He gives a lot of freedom To gain courage and confidence He is my father, my big father Hearts full of love and care. Athira. M. Nair S4 B.Com 70 F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn

71 Nijin M Jose S6 B Com Good character is the manifestation of aggregate qualities which consolidate personal and national individuality. Good character is not a gift by birth. It is developed in course of time when an individual interact with people and environment. Parents, family setup, formal education, and friendship play a significant role in moulding the character of a person. A person who possesses a good character will host noble thought, truth, non-violence, and religious perseverance. Becon Said If wealth is lost noting is lost If health is lost something is lost If Character is lost everything is lost This is an irreputable truth. The name of man remains as long as he is in the world or a little longer. Nevertheless the character of a person leaves an indeliable mark in the hearts and minds o people. The consequence of words and deeds can only be seen in a person whose possesses an ideal character. People who are the custodian of good character will cherish the feeling of live and let live. Good character is like dominate by principles. Principles are conceptions deeply rooted in the minds, elevated into standards of judgment, tartly feelings, and actions and consistently applied to life. A collection of principle covering all departments of life constitutes an ideal. A man of principles is therefore a man with an ideal. These can t be characters without some ideals. To be effective an ideal must be not merely pictured, admired or longed for. It must be embedded in a set of definite principles dominating like and then it will result in character. Thus the real education of child means self education. Our education system must inculcate high moral principle. F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 71

72 Karthik Sasi S2 B.Com Cultivate Something New-Optimism 72 F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn Optimism! a positive thinking often starts with self take. Self take is the endless stream of unspoken thought that run through one head every day. If the thought that run through one mind are negative. Our outlook on life is more likely pessimistic. If our thoughts are mostly positive we are likely and optimistic. Clearly when we are in trouble or find it difficult to study something we may think I am not going to get any better at this or there is no way it will work etc None of us take this in a positive manner, but if we thing I will give it another try or it s an opportunity to learn something new or its too radical a change definitely we may exilic. Something more than what we are. When I passed my tenth, one of my friends marked some of his works in my autograph that there will be stones thrown at you but you should convert them into milestone. When I read it for the first time I couldn t find anything special. But later when I go through these words again something struck in mind. Later I realize that what he actually means is there will be obstacles in everyone s life but only one who can manage such problem will be successful in life. Optimism will be a key to unlock solution for every problem. Humans are made of complex bundle of thoughts, feelings, attitudes, hopes, opinion, fears and ambitions each of them are constantly changing. Our entire life is the result of intertwining and interconnections of the factors. It s sure that these factors will contribute a great position in creating mental stern. If we cultivate an idea or create an attitude of positive thinking while looking into a problem, it will definitely help us to reduce mental stern, open a new way to see or solve problem and moreover it s healthy too. It s impossible to live without failing at something. Hope you heard of JK Rowling the author of Harry Potter, the above are her words. The first book wrote by her were rejected by twelve publishers and last Bloomsbury agrees to publish it. What if she stopped at the first reject? The fifth? The tenth? Again Colonel Sanders the founder of KFC started his dream when he was 65 and his recipe was rejected by 1009 people. He was not fed up in leaving 1009 no s. He waited for a YES. The only thing I have to tell you is A winner never quits and quitters never wins and also keep the words of Shru kee as an inspirational mantra. Repeat it three times every morning. I can and I will.

73 Time is money. The power of time is strong and great. You never know, what lies hidden in the next moment for you. Hence utilize the time carefully and to the best of your ability. Remember, that wealth lost can be retrieved again. Similarly health lost can be recaptured, but there is no way to get back the time lost once. To show this a painter once made a cartoon of time. He made the picture of a man, whose face was covered with hair on his forehead, but was bald in the rear part of his head and had wings in legs. People asked him whose picture is it? The painter replied Time. When people enquired as to why the man s face was covered, the painter replied when times comes before the people, they cannot recognize him and the answer to the baldness in the rear portion of head was, when time comes catch hold of him from the front his hair. But if you miss to do so, then you cannot get back the second even by spending immense money. Then the people asked the painter about the wings in the legs of the picture. The painter replied because time moves very fast and once gone, then even Gods cannot catch hold of it. Now a day, most of the people tie a watch around their wrist. But it must be known, that watch is not an ornament, its utility must be understood. The tick-tick sound of the watch gives you a constant warning that hard work and industry only play in life. The word watch has two meanings, such as the device which shows time and to be careful. So, please watch your time, watch your action, watch your word, watch your thoughts and watch your character. If you will be careful about time, you will certainly be doing the action which should bring you in good esteem. Shalet Jose S4 BSc Electronics F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 73

74 Jiya K. Joy S2 BCA The winner is always part of the answer. The loser is always part of the problem. The winner sees an answer for every problem. The loser sees a problem for every answer. A winner makes commitments. A loser makes mistakes. Winners have dreams. Losers have schemes. Winner says I must do something. Loser says something must be done. Winners see the gain. Losers see the pain. Winners choose what they say. Losers say what they choose. Winners use hard argument but soft word. Losers use soft argument but hard words. The winners say it may be difficult but it is possible. The losers say it may be possible but it is difficult. 74 F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn

75 The face in the Pond I was lost in the woods, unable to find my destination. I decided to walk towards the light, towards the rising sun. I could hear all sorts of sounds; birds twittering, frogs croaking, twigs snapping and sounds I couldn t recognize. I look up and notice birds leaving their nest, probably to find food for themselves and their offspring s. Was I taking the right road? I could feel faith leaving me. I take a turn and I meet a figure taller than me, I could barely see his face, his head was covered with a hood made of animal skin. I ask him for the way, he tells me to go straight ahead. I keep walking on only to find more miles added on to my path. But was it mine? I see a woman slowly approaching her prey, closing in for the kill. Feral, I call out to her. Freeze, turn, snarling and curses at me. I cost her meal. Unaffected, I ask her about the way forward. She throws her head back, lustrous long hair falling down and tells me to take another path. The current one just won t do. The new path takes me deeper into the woods; I hear freighting noises and see shady shadows hidden right behind every leaf. I start running towards but only to fall into a ditch. I couldn t remember for how long was I in the ditch. Presently, a man helps me out. He asks me to go back the way I had come, I do as he asks. I find open ground. Thirstily, I find a pond with a moon in it. A dirty and bloody face stares back at me as I bend down to drink from the pond. Startled, I fall back. Heart pounding, I approach the face in the pond. Or was it the man? I see his mouth forming words and my ears recreating them, Why take the road travelled by others. Find yours. I hear someone call my name. The misty dream fades and reality takes shape. I desperately try to snatch back my fast fading dream. It escapes my memory s feeble efforts. But I remember one thing and one thing only, the face in the pond right next to the moon. Shinta Jose S4 B.Com F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 75

76 Life is beautiful there would be nothing simpler than that Life is a rainbow that fulfills our dreams within the boundary of its colours. Life is being proud of our nation, Its progress, Its achievements, Life is sharing of the sorrows, About finding pleasure in the pain, Life is about love, thoughts, feelings, empathies. Life is most interesting game That we don t know about What happen in next minute? So enjoy, Each and every second in life. -Lets Enjoy- Rahul Kumar R S2 BCA In Loving Memory of A Dirge Before I Die I make my words before I die For every mind, it is not a lie I was a river but not now Because of those who bestowed My blood and flesh to make their towns. Is it because your thirst I quenched And crept alone through silent planes? Or is it that your trash I take From every city that a river can face? Come and see my drained streams. And cross my water, you can walk across Then you are sure to announce Come and look; the river dies Hear its silent cries It s Nila that you see! Sri. M. N. Mohanan Nair Canteen Manager Jerly Peter S2 BCA 76 F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn

77 Shalet Jose S2 B.Sc Electronics 3 things to admire : Beauty Intelligence Character 3 things to avoid : Smoking Drinking Gambling 3 things to cultivate : Courage Cheerfulness Contentment 3 things to control : Tongue Temper Temptation 3 things to watch : Speech Behavior Action 3 things to prevent : Laziness Falsehood Jealousy 3 things to maintain : Promise Affection Friendship 3 things to respect : Old age Law Religion EòÊ ÉiÉÉ- ÉxÉ Éå nù ÉÒ PÉÖªÉÇ É É±É B Éä ÉÉÊ ÉEò +xé ÉÚiÉÒªÉÉå EòÉ ÉhÉÇxÉ ½èþ EòÊ ÉiÉÉ* EòÊ É EòÒ ÉÉ ÉxÉÉ+ÉÆä EòÒ iéò¹héiéé VÉ É {ÉÉ`öEò ɽþºÉÚºÉ Eò úiéé ½èþ* ié É EòÊ ÉiÉÉ ºÉ ò±é +Éè]õ ºÉÖxnù ú É±É VÉÉiÉÒ ½èþ* EòÊ ÉiÉÉ +ɺ ÉÉnùxÉ EòÒ SÉÒVÉ, ½þMÉè* =ºÉ EòÒ ÉÖJªÉ =qäù É úºééº ÉnùxÉ ½èþ* ±ÉäÊEòxÉ ±ÉÉäMÉ ÉÆMÉ±É EòÒ ÉÉ ÉxÉÒ núùvé Éå PÉÒ Eäò ºÉ ÉÉxÉ =ºÉ Éå ÊxÉʽþiÉ ½èþ* Unnikrishnan J. S4 Bsc Electronics F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 77

78 AMALA BOOK STALL & OFFICE STATIONARY RAJAKUMAY (S), , , Office stationary, Gift items, Books for SHG, Kudumbasree, School, College Text & Book, Recharge Coupons, D.T.P., FAX, Internet, Colour & B/W Print 78 F. Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn

79 Surya Sundari S6 BBA F.Fkv.Fkv. timtfpv, cmpipamcn 79

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